Idaho Free Press from Nampa, Idaho on February 26, 1976 · Page 10
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Idaho Free Press from Nampa, Idaho · Page 10

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Nampa, Idaho
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Thursday, February 26, 1976
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Page 10
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IT* Idaho Free fms t Tht Ntws-Tribune. Thursday. February 2s. 1978 Rachel Nicholson' Environmental Prospectus Sharing the fish -solutions needed The ramifications of this being America's Bicentennial year have been explored in every conceivable way ... ad nauscum. The celebration has been carried along on a wave of capitalistic gimmicks, which have at once been disclaimed as grotesque and yet the very epitome of what Ihc country stands for - (he right of every person to make a buck whenever and wherever he can. Bui above the din of Bicentennial horns, music boxes and other red. while and blue noisemalccrs, a lew hardy souls have been trying to convey Ihe idea that the greatness of America lies not in its money-making system, but in its concept of freedom for all and equal rights for each of those persons who have been poured inlo this "melting pot." The salute to equality in America has not been universal, as various groups have cited various indignities as proof that Ihe United States can claim no distinction of goodness in this area. Especially vocal in (his year of celebration have been a few members of several different Indian tribes, who shout that Ihe whole concept of equality is a farce -- that people should denounce the United Stales for what il has been -- Ihe great land thief. All of which is true in a sense. Great atrocities were committed against the original Americans; many were massacred; anil much of their land was wrestled from them in an uncivilized manner. (Although conquest of one peop!°s' land by another is as old as time itself -- certainly Americans hold no record in this area.) Here in the Pacific Northwest, however, there is a cry which is growing stronger and threatening to overcome the assertion of discrimination: This is a cry of reverse discrimination, levied by non-Indians. Leaning upon century-old treaties drawn between the federal government and the separate and sovereign Indian nations, judges in courts throughout Ihe area have upheld decisions giving Indians the right to harvest up lo one-half of all salmon and sleelhead taken each year in the Northwest; and without restrictions as to method of take. Decisions guaranteeing the Indians' rights to 50 per cent of Ihe fish take have been handed down in cases since 1963 -Puyallup Tribe vs. Department of Game, U.S. vs. stale of Oregon, U.S. vs. Washington, Slate of Idaho vs. Tinno, etc. The latest decisionwas made Jan.28, of this year, when (he Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed Judge Robert Belloni's (Oregon U.S. district courll order of May 8, 1974, which said thai the Indians are "entitled to have the opportunity to take up lo fifty per cent of Ihe harvest of the spring cliinook destined to reach the tribes' usual and accustomed fishing places on the Columbia River." The judges' ruling in these cases have turned again and again for support from the "linchpin" clause of the Constitution. Article VI; which.reads,'"...all treaties made, or which shall he made, under, the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land, and the judges in every state shall be bound hereby, anything in the constitution or laws of any state to the contrary notuithstan- ding." In other words, where treaties made wilh the federal government are concerned, state law becomes powerless to control action. So Ihe Northwest states have no ability to either limit Indian fishing lo less than 50 per cent of Ihe take or to require Indians to abide by fishing methods mandatory for all other fishermen. So the Indians continue to take a disportionately large amount (as comparing their numbers against those of the rest of the fishermen) of the fish run each year, with the court's blessings. And the situation becomes more explosive with each season, for the pressure mounts as the fish run grows progressively smaller, due lo a number of environmental factors, and non-Indians pay higher license fees to maintain Ihe runs. There is a very large question raised in the conflict. Did tl'.ese treaties, signed a century ago, and Ihc Constitution, signed even longer ago, ever mean lo make it possible for one group of Americans lo claim so large a share of a depletable natural resource? In the words of this question is the key lo the whole issue, t-'or these Indians are in the end Americans. When one of their children is born here, he assumes all the rights assigned under the Constitution that I have. But along with those rights, there are responsibilities which are waiting to be picked up and one of them is the fair share in preserving our dwindling resources. It is time for America to put off the load of guilt under which il has cowed for so many years and ask its Indian citizens to realize that citizenship in Iwo sovereign states, wilh responsibilities assumed for neither is no longer ac- ccplablc. IN llONOIt of DIP Bicentennial, the National Wildlife Federation picket! some of America's best-loveit wildlife lo be displayed on the familiar conservation stamps. Here, from left, are the grizzly bear, mountain lion, great ball! eagle and (he bison, which are a part of the 1976 stamps, along with others like the cardinal, cohu salmon and the redwood tree. A stamp album printed wilh the series tells the story behind each subject. Bicentennial conservation stamps Tribute to American wildlife WASHINGTON, D.C. - The National Wildlife Federation, the n a t i o n ' s largest cons e r v a t i o n e d u c a t i o n organization, pays a special Bicentennial t r i b u t e lo American wildlife in ils new I97G conservation s t a m p series, issued last week. The stamps, f a m i l i a r lo millions of Americans since their first appearance in 1938. feature full-color paintings of 36 animals and plants that hnve played an important role in America's history and development. Represented on this year's , rtrl " ur Singer, Charles Frace day conservation success slory. Since that time, more than six billion wildlife stamps have been mailed out by Ihe federation. Because of the prestige of Ihc stamp series. Ihe federation has no trouble enlisting the services .. M ,.^v., ltu ,,., UMJ ,..-., a oMradin B wildlife at -lists like stamps arefavorite animals like 1 . F e . r Tor - v 1c '"'son. Guy the grizzly bear, bison and ( - onclcach - Bon Eckelbcrry, mountain lion; such birds as Ihe bald eagle and cardinal; fish like (he coho salmon and rainbow (rout; and familiar trees like Ihe sugar maple and redwood. To display the stamps, the federation also has printed a conservation stamp album which tells the story behind each subject on the stamps, a practice inaugurated by (he NWK in 19M. .' .. The wildlife stamps traditionally have been a prime fund-raising tool for Ibc non- p r o f i t . non-govcrnmcnl conservation group. Last year, contributions from wildlife and nature lovers to the stamp program raised more than 5500,000 to finance educational activities. The wildlife slamp program might never have been, had il not been for an anonymous idler received at the federation's offices late in 1937. "Why don't you paint some wildlife pictures and have them printed on paper with glue on the hack?" asked the unknown writer. "I'm sure lovers of wildlife all over the country would buy them." The idea came at a lime when Ihe fledgling conservation o r g a n i z a t i o n was close to b a n k r u p t c y . The N'Wf's president. Jay "Ding" Darling. liked the idea so well thai he painted the first set of stamps himself. These 16 stamps emphasized Ihe waterfowl Darling loved and worked to protect during his tenure as chief of the U.S. Biological S u r v e y . Darling's original paintings are now on d i s p l a y in the Smithsonian Institution. and Chuck Kipper. Walercolors contributors lo Ihe slamn On March 20, 1938, the first set arc (he preferred medium for program. Both of these : of stamps was presented to the the stamp paintings and every creatures are included in the worlds (hen most famous stamp detail is carefully checked for 1375 Bicentennial Iribule to collector. President Franklin D. scientific accuracy. Roosevelt. The president's While most people use the enthusiastic reaction gave the stamps to seal letters and en- stamp program a great boost velopes. oihers use them on and slarled in motion a modern- parly decorations, place mats and desk boxes. Teachers pul them on tiome-.vork papers lo commend good students and many philatelists collect the annual conservation stamp album. Individuals interested in being Among the many animals and placed on the mailing list for the birds thai have' graced the Bicentennial wildlife con stamps, the white-tailed deer is scrvalion stamps should write to Ihc best-loved animal and the Depl. 2076, National Wildlife cardinal is the favorite bird, Federation. 1412 16th St. N W.. according to responses from Washington. U.C. 20036. America's wildlife. In recent years, Ihe federation has issued special stamps lo supplement · the annual program. These special sheets, some of which have been issued at Christmas time, have featured endangered species, songbirds and butterflies. 19th Annual Farm Tire Sale BF GOODRICH MULTI RING NYLON For replacement service on most, tractor front wheels. PREMIUM HIWAY RIB Size 700x15 650x16 700x16 750x16 Price $32.15 $29.85 $34.43 $39.11 Fct $2.80 $2.57 $2.92 $3.27 12EE NEW PREMIUM HIWAY TRACTION A directinrtiil tire 1 for rnure forward p u l l i n g power. · FET, exchange 1 3 . 6 x 3 8 6 ply 35 '64 "IN REffMlNITION »f outstanding and tfreless contributions IP the canst of conservation." is how the Hording goes on the certificate given Jo Arden Benlhlen (left* and Philip Fairbanks I right) by .Vampa Rod and (iun Club's 1975 president. Fred Christiansen icenleri. The Iwo men were K\\tn the Wildlife Conservation Awards for lii;.i bv the club earlier tills month. The rest of the Hording goes. "His work toward proper management of fish, wildlife, soil and walrr has been exceedingly effective. His efforts have been unceasingly directed Inward Ihe preservation n( natural resources for future generations and Ihe maintaining of llir freedom of his ffllow man to enjoy Ihr heritage »( Ihe great out-of-doors." (Staff Photo I Size 700x15 GSOxlfi 700x16 750x16 Price $35.64 $32.11 $38.90 $49.55 Fet $3.19 $2.91 $3.30 $3.97 M8W FARM DUALS Tractor Rear Tires For strength, power, fuel, savings, flotation and faster field speeds. Ask us about duals. ON-THE-FARM- SERVICE Our fully equipped service trucks are ready to handle the entire job, everything from fluid flats to air checks. Minimize your down time with our fast, efficient service. FRONT FLOTATION PACKAGE HLxl5 8.15x6 wheels ·NAMPA-1222CaldwcllBlvd · 467-2123 ·MERIDIAN-216 E.Fairview Avo.-888-1563 i FET

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