Idaho Free Press from Nampa, Idaho on June 19, 1967 · Page 4
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Idaho Free Press from Nampa, Idaho · Page 4

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Idaho Free Press 4 Caldwell News-Tribune, Monday, June 19,1907 - 4 HISTORIAN TOYNBEE EXAMINES MIDEAST VIEWS Israeli Want a Nation; Arabs Ask tor l Justice' rrnrcic \TITC. r n * TMTM« . . . . _ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i.,,,, «i^.tin,T lou/c anrl Christians "16 West S EDITORS NOTE: For some Israeli. I am British, so I feel tury, and we then held Judaea, have a country of our own, aggressive foreign body has have not lost their homes are law-abiding Jews and Christians ( . =0 years Dr. Arnold J. Toynbee deel m c o u n t ' s sr because, since the conversion been thrust Into the heart of our bein treated b the Israelis, under Muslim rale, and our r * . Toynbee and and has studied the history philosophy of the near and Middle East. In a series of two articles, Dr. Toynbee expresses his views on the Arab-Israeli war just won by Israel, the reasons for the war, and what he thinks Israel and the Arab nations-as well as the United Stales and Ihe other Great Powers must now do to bring about a Arab-Israeli wars, reconciliation and permanent The Israelis' view of the con- deeply my country's share In the responsibility for this tragic conflict between two other peoples, Britain issued ihe Balfour Declaration in 1917; Britain was in power in Palestine for 30 years ending clpiate ear, the West's the West's once more, for the next 773 because, since the conversion been thrust inlo the heart'of our being treated by the Israelis, under Muslim rule, anci our Os '"*^', n We stern countries, years, till we were evicted of the Roman Empire to Arab world. This has beendone, under whose rule they have Muslimi Arab recoro, """·"'» the j ews have money-power and by the Romans in A.D, 135. Christianity in the Fourth against our protests, by forceof fallen, aspenalized second-class up lo this commanomen,, i « ting . power which we Arabs We have never renounced our Century A.D. we have been arms-British force until, under citizens. The Arabterritorythat been fine compared wiui me .. _ ,_... _ . ,, .., ... the protection of British bayo- the Israelis have seizedbyforce Western peoples treatment 01 the Zionist Jewish intru- stretches from the Mediler- Die Jews. Yet now we have , he claim to Ihe land of Israel. We have always hoped, believed, and proclaimed that we shall in 1948; Britain's pre- get this land back again. It is abdication in Pales- our land, we contend. tine after the Second World War penalized and persecuted by the Western Christian majority among whom we have had to live. This persecution has culminated in the unprecedented crime of genocide which has nets, unlike us Arabs, has a bad conscience about its past iivtki, MIV uiuuiiJi v cniaii uiw. w- «k» vis.«'\." »· w i n »··«· ···- ----' - - . hart COnSClcH-t (JWUUl lla M*l"l ders had built up sufficient ranean to the Red Sea at Elalh. been made to pay for a Western DM t So f^ .* . L . . . . . i. I rru-t- *--.( ........nt/.rl Invr^nrl' nrtftnlnc' f i r l m o flPSlnS [nB ^C^-" 1 C." u - Peace. By ARNOLD J. TOYNBEE Written for UP1 Copyright 1967 The History of the Conflict: I will try to put, first, the Israelis' view of this as I see li, then the Arabs' view, After another 1883 years left the way open in 1948 (continuing the Israelis' view) been committed against us in for the first of the three we did recover a foothold there our lifetime by a western peo- in 1918, and during the half pie, the Germans, in Europe, century since then, by devoted We are not going to let the hard work, ability, and military Arabs commit the same crime valor, we have built up our of genocide against us here, diet's history: We are Jews, the living representatives of force of their own'to be more This foreign-occupied territory peoples' crime against the than a match for our Arab cuts the Arab world in two. Jews. The Germans tried to strength. Then the British The Israelis' crime against exterminate the Jews, scuttled, and left us to our fate, the Arabs is flagrant (the Arabs . Our fate has been that 900,000 would go on to say) but it is not The Western ^ victors in me Palestinian Arabs (there are the Arabs who have committed Second World War, the Al " erl " more than a million of these crimes against the Jews. When cans, above all (the Arao from argument goes on), have made the Romans, we allowed Jews the Arabs, not the Germans, now) have prived of been forcibly de- their homes and Judah, one of the 13 tribes of present national state of Israel, in our own land of Israel. ' property and have been turned to reside in Judaea again for pay for the Germans' crime. In Israel that conquered most of and have inflicted three smash- Next the Arabs' view of the into refugees, living on a dole, the first time in 500 years. Western eyes, the oermans West wants to compensate the Jews- as long as this is done, not at the West's own expense, but at ours. We are never going to submit to this injustice, the Arabs say. The Israeli intruders are the spearhead o! imperialism in We have i in the conquered territory for sev- once again. en centuries, till we were de- We want lo have a country . ported by Nebuchadnezzar in of our and thirdly my own view. 587 B Ci We were back again peoples and I am neither an Arab nor an within less than half a cen- cestors. We *3iaci uiai tunnueiej UIOM 01 ami nave mulcted uiree smasn- nexi me maus view 01 me wuu icmgcca, unug UH auuie. "»c iuoi u.uc m uvu i*.TM*. ., v .,.v-.. -,-_-, Palestine in the 13th Century ing defeats on the Arabs, who conflict's history: In 1918, 90 Any Palestinian Arab refugee When we conquered Spain from may be criminals, but they are B.C. We held Judah's share of have been trying to evict us per cent of the population of who tries to return home and the German Goths, we liberated also fellow-westerners, so tney in. Palestine was Arab, and Pales- resume possession of his Ihe Jews in Spain from Ihe are privileged, we Arabsaonot ant lo have a country tine had been ours since we property is shot by the Israelis, Goths' Nazi-like oppression of count, We are "natives, just own again, like other conquered it from the Romans who have robbed us of our them. The prophet Muhammad part of the fauna ot Pdestme. that look us m wd like our own an- in the Seventh Century A.D. country and out property. in the Koran had commanded We have no human rights. The going to expel the ,, , _ ... _ , , o: i r t i o _ __;i:i.^-t i Th ft n».i nr .t; n ; nn *-«v,« ,..v,~ Mu^llmo t n frtlftt-nfo nnH nrntaft Icr-aolis ftn (he GUlf hand. naVt,' hOWCVCr lOlJR UUS» expelling toe crusaders, tagh that took us 200 years. Ve are also need to Since 1918, a militant and TODAY'S EDITORIALS iijujiuy aiiu ULHuiuuciiy. ui uic iwioii imu ^uuimaiiutu M C n«*iv »v -~ 0 0 - v · The Palestinian Anbs who Muslims to tolerate and protect Israelis, on the other hand, have however long this may take i THE PICKET Way to Express Pride Wherever teen-agers meet to study politics and perform mock legislative actions, it's a good bet thai one of the first items on the agenda will be the lowering of voting age from 21 to 18. It happened at Boys Stale and again last week at Girls State. But something refreshingly differentwas added. Patti Powell, Girls State governor-elect, addressed the delegates who had assembled at the Idaho statehouse and proposed the voting age be left at 21. Why? She said young men and women are not yet ready at age 18 to vote intelligently. Pardon us, Patti, if we disagree. By her very action in proposing such an idea, the Girls State govarnor-olect proved that she is able to think clearly. She realizes that she and the other 269 Girls State delegates won't be nearly as ready to vole in a year as they will be five years from now. What Patti can't realize yet is that age 21 isn't something magic. You aren't automatically smart when you lived 21 years. You have to work at it. We see in the teen-agers of k'atio today the nucleus for an intelligent voting public. Our state isn't plagued with teenage "hippies" and protesters. We aren't cursed with a high juvenile delinquency rale, There must be a reason for this. We believe the reason is mental maturity. Call it what you will-- a sense of responsibility, a thirst for knowledge, good behavior-- Idaho is proud of its young men and women. We believe this pride can best he expressed by allowing Idahoans lo vole at age 18. They've earned it. Better Highway Vital It is a political fact of life that whenever an Idaho politician speaks in the northern portion of Ihe state the subject he is most likely to touch upon Is a super north-south highway. H's a subject about which north Idahoans are a little touchy right now. They're fed up with all this talk about an improved highway Unking the panhandle with the restofthestate.They'dlikea little action, for a change. The Idaho Legislature returned to Boise today for a special session that wtcl encompass a 13-item agenda. One of the primary and most controversial Items to be discussed is a $7 million appropriation lo highways In order to obtain federal matching funds. Lt. Gov. Jack Murphy was in northern Idaho last week for a speech in Moscow. Sure enough, he plugged away forthenorth- south highway improvement. Murphy said the state has a S15.5 million surplus, of which $7 million is not now committed. If a one-cent a gallon FOREIGN COMMENTARY gas tax is defeated, Murphy proposedusing the reserve for highway funds. Those who reside in Idaho's panhandle have good reason to feel left out. Since (he state capital is so far. away and because U. S. 95 south of Lewiston is such slow , (raveling, Spokane seems to have more attraction for northern Idahoans than Boise. Pevry Swlsher, Pocatello newspaperman who waged an unsuccessful independent campaign tor governor last fall, said: "It was discouraging for me to go out and find out that these people in Sandpoint anil Kellogg and oilier areas have never had any contact with what has happened in Boise." A belter highway would bring north and south closer, not only in time but in interests. We urge Ihe legislature to add one cent a gallon to our gas fax in order to pay (or this much-needed highway improvement. The $7 million uncommitted surplus is better left unspent. We can't foresee what financial emergencies may develop daring the coming bienniiim. Rocky Still Could Win By HENRY J. TAYLOR COLUMBUS, Ohio - Party- powerful Republican Gov. James A. Rhodes of Ohio thinks that if the Republicans have counted out Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller of New York for the 19G8 Presidential nomination they may have another count coming. "I think it's up for grabs," he told me. And he sees how the lightning could strike Rockefeller, while Richard M. Nixon, for example, differs. Tliis is Nixon country. Nixon carried Ohioagainsf candidate John F. Kennedy. Able Governor Rhodes is a close friend, admirer and long-time supporter of Nixon, and there was not an anli-Nixnn word in his analysis. But he brings aRocke- feller nomination into the picture strongly -- a man omitted in even Dr. Gallup's trial-heat polls. Rhodes himself will go to the convention as a favorite son, as in 19G4. This adds heavily to the power of the 25 Republican governors in makingthelr choice of the nominee decisive. In fact, 1968 iilll be a Governors' convention; and the Ohio combination of Governor Rhodes and Republican National Committee OTHER EDITORS SAY Gas Tax Increase Necessary Russia's Arms Policy Key to Mideast Peace By MURRAY J. BROWN United Press International The outlook from the foreign cables desk: PEACE PROSPECTS: Diplomatic circles in London believe the only hope for a settlement of the crisis in the Middle East is an understanding between the United States and Russia to keep the peace in the region. They say unlessMoscow agrees to scale down its arms aid to Ihe Arab states pacification of the Middle East cari be written off for a long time to come. MOSCOW MANEUVER? Moscow reports indicate Soviet Premier Alexei N. Kosy- gin's efforts in New York won't be restricted to the Israeli-Ant dispute but may include a review of the Vietnam war and other East-West issues with President Johnson. Observers noted the General Assembly affords an ideal opportunity for a Johnson-Kosygin meeting which could not have been arranged otherwise without loss of face on either or both sides. Today's Thought By H. B. DEAN "I will give thee thanks in the great congregation: Twillpralse thee among much people." Psilms 35:18. Every one who claims the Lord should have a private prayer life and a public testimoiiy, "Let every thing that hath breath praise th« Lovd." COLD RECEPTION: H may be warmer in Paris when British Prime Minister Harold Wilson goes there this week then it was on his previous visit last winter. But there will be no thaw in French President Charles de Gaulle's Icy attitude toward British admission to the European Common Market. De Gaulle is expected to tell Wilson Britain will have to wait (or membership in the economic and trade bloc. NO DEAL: Presidenl Ferdinand Marcos permitted a group of Philippine businessmen to explore trade relations with Russia and the East European bloc but chances of any deals are virtually nil. A major obstacle is that trade with the Communists would have to be on a government-to- government basis because the state controls such dealings and the Philippines is not ready to establish any diplomatic ties with the Hed bloc yet. 25 YEARS AGO Certificates for purchase of more than seven tins of canning sugar were issed by the N'ampa rationing hoard Saturday in the "biggest day yet." Certificates for 14,700 pounds were received by 201 applicants. (June, 1942) Miss Charlotte Hartley and Miss Lancia Geddes of Nampa left Sunday for Seattle, where they will be two of a group of Boise valley girls to work at Boeing aircraft plant. (June, 19-12) .N'ampa and Boise valley are having a sample it "The land of the midnight sun" hours these days. Prntably nne of the longest days -- nr evenings at least -- Nampans can remember are those of the past day or sn and the next few to come. Officially, June 21 is tlio hnKcst iliy nt the year. With this part n{ the wintry on \var savings time, darkness does nrif come until after 10 p.m. fJune, 1912) Dr. Lewis T. Cwlett, a native Ivunsylvanian, who has spent Ihe past 14 years In tlio srnth, 11 nf thorn as tlean of theology at Bethany-Pcnifl Cillw, Mhnny, f)kb., irrivetl here Saturday with Mrs, Cnrlolt In nssuuin thir p of Northwest Nazarenn college. (June, 1012) Common sense thinking regarding the safety and convenience of Idaho people will include additional funding of Idaho highways, roads and bridges in the official call of the special session of Ihe Idaho Legislature planned for June 19. Lengthy and diligent study of the problem proves that unless additional funds are obtained Idaho will lose $14 million in federal funds during the biennium, and $17.5 million worth of highway construction already planned by the State Department of Higtmys for this period will have to be forgotten. Nearly all of this federal money for matching purposes has been collected inldahobythefed- eral government from Idnhnhigh- way users. It is not right that this money gotosome other state for highway purposes when it is in a sense otirmoneyandwer.eod it urgently now lor immediate highway construction. Sound business judgement demands that we raise additional matching funds, and the most practical method the state legislature oaild follow would be t" increase the Idaho state gas tax by one cent a gallon. This recommended method serves two purposes. Apportioned on iMirpresontformulafor distribution, the one cent a gallon increased tax will give the Stale Highway Department the needed $3.5 million to secure (lie $14 million federal funds for slate highway construction. In addition the added revenue wild be divided under the formula to every county, road district and city in the state for roar! and bridge purposes. They, too, need extra money to keep road ami bridge construction up with the ever increasing traffic. Common sense also points out that .ill who use our highways shrnild jv.\y tni our highways by the amount of use. It Is esti- mntcrl (oiirists In Malm will pay .12 per ci'nt of tlir» proposed incrrase. Thousands nf mi- grant workers flock to Idaho during the summer months. Ttipy, too, should help pay their share. "Idaho's Growing Tourist Industry," a pamphlet issued by the Idaho State Department of Commerce and Development points out: "Idaho's tourist trade is the third largest industry in the state in terms of dollar volume. In I960, 5.8 million visitors brought $191.2 million into Idaho." The pamphlet also points out that agriculture brought in $526 million and manufacturing, $500 million, during 1966. AH EVALUATIOH Public opinion is demanding that our highway construction in Idaho keep moving forward in as rapid as pace as possible. The ever expanding tourist, agricultural and manufacturing industries in Idaho require more and better roads. During Ihe past eighteen months delegation after delegation from all areas of Ihe stale, often represented by a state senator or a state representative, or both, have asked the Idaho Highway Board for new projects totaling nearly $20 million. The highway board could construct many of these vitally needed projects if money was available. Many Idaho citizens are killed on our highways every year because !he road was too narrow, the site distance restricted, Just one life saved by a highway constructed with this additional one cent a gallon tax would be worth the price and ii might save your loved one -- or you. Legislators, the great need is here. Give this matter your immediate attention for positive action. The growth of Idaho and the safety of her people will be your reward. -- The Owyhee Nugget - Marsing. Supreme Court Balks At Several Key Issues fly CHARLOTTE MOULTON WASHINGTON (UP1) - The Supreme Court, in Ihe busiest term of its history, rendered decisions which changed the legal landscape in the fields of civil rights, law enforcement and citizenship of naturalized Americans. Indicative of the court's activity were two decisions handed down on the last day of Us term last Monday. One put a brake on civil rightsdemonstra- tions but another struck a telling blow for Negroes and other minorities by invalidating all state laws against mixed racial marriages. Yet, continuing a trend of the previous term, tlie court's docket showed less emphasis on nclal Issues and more on criminal law. In a precedent- setting decision the justices completely revamped the nation's juvenile court structure giving youngsters many cf the rifihts accorded adull ilefen- ftants In rtmrl. Generally speaking, law enforcement officers had less reason to fuss at this term's decisions than in 1966, when the new rules for police questioning of suspects were established. Although the court frowned on New York's electronic eavesdropping, permitted with stale court approval, it did not rule out all "bugging" and agreed lo look into another phase of the practice next term. Also in affirming the jury tampering conviction of teamster chief James R. Hoffa the court recognized need of crime Investigators for "Informaflts." And in another case it ruled thai an Informant can operate in a suspect's own home. Police also got more leeway for searching private premises In criminal investigations, and tipsters who have given police reason to make an arrest, were allowed anonymity in preliminary hearings. On Ihe other hand, the right of counsc! was extended to persons in a police identification lineup and the right to a speedy trial was made binding on the state. In a decision of vital concern lo every American in another field, the court held that U.S. citizenship cannot be taken away from anyone who does not give it up voluntarily. The 1966-67 term wasmarked by reluctance to come to grips with several big issues. Four cases lo determine whether the famous 1964 "one man, one vote" doctrine should be extended to local government bodies were disposed of on various narrow grounds. But the court accepted for review next term a Texas case posing the same question. The perennial problem of state relations was sidestepped. The thorny subject of church- slate relations was sidestepped. Protestors to the Vietnam war sought in vain for a hearing. Chairman Ray C. Bliss of Akron is very formidable indeed. Rhodes concurs with poll findings that Nixon's standing in the Central, Southern and Western parts of the party structure is far superior fo that of Michigan Gov, George Romney. Every candidate always has a problem in politics. B Nixon has an image problem, Romney has a delegate problem. And it will be easier for Nixon to alter his image, which he seems to be doing, than for Romney to overcome the delegate problem, on which the nomination itself rests. This column detailed Nixon's view on March 13, indicating that Nixon believes Rockefeller has not only taken himself out of the race by sincere and unequivocal proclamation but that his 1954 preconvention and con- ventioPstance fractures his national support in the party. Whatever the reactions maybe elsewhere, Romney, in turn, has certainly n-~ caught fire in Ohio. That is damaging for a leader from an adjoining state. It clearly reflects on his regional strength. Romney appears largely dependent for his power base on the so-called Eastern Establishment. This, of course, means a dependency on Rockefeller. Nixon and Rhodes, in common with most G.O.P. leaders I have talked with, share the assumption that the New Yorker would never go for Nixon -- and certainly not for Gov. Ronald Reagan. Who can Rockefeller back it he does not back Romney? And his publicly stated enthusiasm (or a Romney-Javits ticket Is taken as a gratuitous signal. But if Romney falters, what then for Rockefeller? This is where the inside speculation differs. Nixon seems to feel that Rockefeller and the Eastern Establishment would then turn to freshman Illinois Sen, Charles H. Percy. Rhodes does not rule out the prospect of the convention turning to Rockefeller. Any comparison in the convention between Percy and Rockefeller would inevitably bring up the contrast in experience, the nation's familiarity with them, and their relative power at least In respect to their control of their own delegations. The New York governor will control his delegation absolutely -- as will governors Reagan, Romney and Rhodes -- while Senator Percy's Illinois delegation, instead, Is in the hands of Sen. Everett M. Dirksen. In short, although both Percy and Rockefeller are widely opposed in the G.O.P., it is approximately the same opposition, and if either can somehow defeat It Rockefeller is in a greatly superior position to do so. Percy becomes merely a bright shadow. In my view the missing element in the convention speculation is Governor Rhodes himself, especially In the event of a deadlock. Able, very able, attractive, still famous In athletic circles at 57, respected at all levels of the party and an immense vote-getter as proven In his reelection, the favorite son of the State of Ohio has few convention enemies, East or West, and more friends who believe he can successfully challenge President Johnson than have emerged in comments to date.

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