Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado on May 18, 1970 · Page 4
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Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado · Page 4

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Monday, May 18, 1970
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Page 4 GREELEY TRIBUNE Mon., May 18, 1970 Congress Not Likely To Cut Off Funds for War (Editor's note: In the debate now taking shape in the Senate over Vietnam, much will be said about who has (he constitutional authority to wage war. The following article puts the question in historical perspective.) By JOHN BECKLER Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON ( A P ) -- In their effort lo cut off funds to carry on the Vietnam war, Capitol Hill foes of U.S. involvement in Southeast Asia are reaching for the ultimate weapon available to Congress to try to influence presidential decisions. But just as nuclear power has become too awesome to be useful in settling disputes between nations, the drastic nature of I he step proposed in Congress is likely to keep it from being taken. If the certainty they would be provoking a constitutional crisis does not deter the House and Senate from acting, the possibility that they might be depriving American soldiers under fire of anything they needed, probably will. The House already has made it clear it will not move in this direction, decisively rejecting several proposals last week. That in itself should be sufficient notice that even if the Senate does adopt and of the several measures before it, they are unlikely to go any further. Profound Effect But that is not to say Senate approval of a proposal to with- draw financial support from the war, or even the Cambodian campaign, would not have a profound effect en President Nixon. No presidential policy is likely to last very long or be very effective without majority support of the people's elected representatives. There has been much talk in Congress in recent years, reaching a crescendo since Nixon sent U.S. troops into Cambodia, that Congress should assert itself and restore the constitutional balance between the executive and legislative branches in making war and conducting foreign policy. But there has never been a balance in the sense that the President and the Congress shared equally in formulating and carrying out foreign policy and making decisions to commit U.S. armed forces to action The Constitution divides responsibility between the executive and legislative branches, but hardly balances it. Congress has the power to declare war and provide for any army and navy, while the President is commander-in-chief of the armed forces. Seesawing The President has the power to negotiate treaties, but must get the advice and consent of the Senate. The balance that exists under this arrangement has been seesawing one for 180 years. Strong presidents and times of crisis have tended to enlarge presidential powers. Congressional influence has bloomed in other, more peaceful administrations. For the most part, 19th century presidents were more inclined to observe congressional jectives, such as in Vietnam, a pcrogatives in foreign affairs than their 20th century successors, although Presidents of every era have sent U.S. troops abroad without o b t a i n i n g congressional approval. The difference between then and now is mainly the difference between the foreign relations of the 19th and 20th centuries. Sending gunboats to tiny, backward countries to protect American citizens whose danger was usually in direct proportion to the degree of American interest in the area and pursuing the pirates of the Barbary Coast are hardly the equivalent of the problems with which modern presidents have confronted Congress. Never Envisioned Since 1950 the dominant position of the United States in international affairs, the rise of Communist power to challenge the changing nature of war and the increasing destructiveness of weapons have created a situation never envisioned by the founding fathers. The power to declare war, which both the makers of the Constituticn and, until recently, the Congress regarded as the ultimate check on presidential war-making, has become meaningless. Undersecretary of Stale Nicholas Katzenbach told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee in 1967 that in a war of limited ob- declaratibn of war would not reflect the limited objectives. And in international affairs generally, he said, a war declaration has become obsolete. During the last two decades the presidential power lo commit U.S. troops to battle without prior approval by Congress has been used extensively--in Korea, Lebanon, the Dominican Republic and to dispatch more than a half-million men to Vietnam. It is the growth of that power the Senate wants to check. If it were simply a constitu- Uonal question to be discussed and voted on in the abstract there is little doubt both houses of Congress would be in wide agreement that something should be done to curb presidential power. But now the abstract question can't be separated from the Vietnam war and that is what makes it so hard for Congress to do anything at this time. With the United Stales deeply involved in Southeast Asia and the future course of events there very uncertain, the President, as commander-in-chief, has a strong constitutional basis for conducting the war as he sees fit. To say that Congress has the constitutional power to stop financing the war doesn't diminish the President's constitutional power to conduct it. If both should choose to go the full route, the resulting impasse would produce a constitutional crisis of unprecedented proportions. That the Vietnam war and not the balancing of constitutional powers is the real issue in the Senate is indicated by the directly opposing views taken by Sen. J. William Fulbright, D- Ark., before and after Vietnam. The office of the president, regarded by Fulbright as the most effective source of foreign policy in 1961, is now seen by him as one with unchallenged power of life or death over American citizens. Fulbright hoped a start had been made on beefing up congressional prerogatives last summer. Under his leadership the Senate passed, 70 to 16, a resolution stating the president should not use U.S. forces to carry out a national commitment unless that commitment had been concurred in by Congress. It had no force of law but its sponsors feel it should have led Nixon to seek congressional approval before sending troops into Cambodia. If such resolutions are too weak to command presidential compliance and cutting off funds is too drastic a step for Congress to take, debate and voting on such proposals do provide the focus for public opinion. And that is the real power Congress can bring to bear on the President. It is clear the drive for public support by the six senators sponsoring an amendment to cut off all funds for war in Southeast Asia by June 30, 1971. has as its major aim putting political pressure on Nixon to end U.S. involvement in Vietnam The resolution has virtually no chance of being adopted by Congress--if it should somehow squeak through it could hardly muster the two-thirds majority needed to override a certain presidential veto--but a strong vote for it, or passage by the Senate alone, could hardly be ignored by Nixon. Such a vote could well be the action Professor Ruhl J. Bartlett had in mind when he was asked by the Senate Foreign Re lations Committee what the Senate could do to regain a voice in foreign affairs. "The Senate may need to do something rather drastic on some occasion," replied Bartlett, a professor of diplomatic, history al Tufts, "to make sure its authority is understood am needs to be respected. It may be that the Senate will have to sa to the President on some occa sion, 'We will not stand for thif any longer.' " Tribune Editorial Page Opinion - Analysis - Interpretation COULD BE A ROUGH RIDE! Pause and Ponder For where envying and strife is. there is confusion and every evil work. And the fruit of righteousness is sown in peace of them that make peace. James 3:16,18. Important Issues in Bond Vote Every contest ends with someone happy and someone unhappy, and so it undoubtedly will be after the school bond election in School District Six Tuesday. If the $4 million bond issue passes, the unhappy persons will be those who weren't convinced the proposed building program was necessary. If the- bond issue fails, the disgruntled ones will be those who felt the building program was needed in the best interest of the educational program. This column | has expressed the belief that the additional classrooms and the other facilities are needed to help the district m a i n t a i n the ciuality of its educational programs. If you and enough other voters who share your views stay away from the polls Tuesday, chances are t h a t it will be you who will be unhappy. Perhaps you are apathetic. You won't care one ·way or the other, you say, about what is decided at the polls Tuesday. For those who might have this a t t i t u d e , we would remind them of some of the decisions which will be made in the voting booths by--for the first time in a school bond election--both taxpayers and non-taxpay- Letters to the Tribune Ideas for Efficient Trash Collection I make the suggestions for Imore economical and more ef- The voters will determine whether School District. ficienl trash collection service 1. It is suggested trash haulers Six should assume a bonded indebtedness of S4 million |co-operatively agree upon a rea- t o build a new elementary school; provide more spacejsonable trash pickup charge, Tor classrooms, libraries and cafeterias at Heath .Tun-!: -sec, upon greaMnerease i i n their income resulting from ior High and Greeley Central High: more classroom tne umversa i requirement of a; r u n n i n g track and tennis courts at West High;'local pick-up.service for the en-|jj le P om ' pings were piled at curb line or in the gutter where he stops lo pick up my trash, he could readily "scoop" these clipping directly into the truck at a cost of $1 additional per month, during Ihe grass-cutting season, thus avoiding the necessity of my hauling the clippings to the "pay" dump, 5 miles away. Is this not efficient service? It has bee As Boyle Sees It By HAL BOYLE NEW YORK (AP) - Things a columnist might never know if ic didn't open his mail: Exercise, far from ovcrwork- ng the heart, can give it needed rest. A Swedish physician found that a proper program of physi- cial training slows Ihe heart rate "and can spare the individual's heart 10,000 to 30,000 needless beats per day." In the Tonga Islands of Ihe Soulh Pacific, pig's liver is so So This Is Greeley By Jim Briggs 'THE FRIENDLY CIGARETTE" -- My son Ken, and hfi ule little wife, Diane, persist in bombarding me with anti- igarette propaganda in a so far unsuccessful effort to get me to ick the habit. I did manage to get through four miserable days and nights bout two weeks ago without lighting up, and my little wife al- nost left me because 1 was so cross, disagreeable, frustrated nd contrary. I have, however, cut down considerably on my igarette consumption. Anyhow, Ken is a health major at UNC and has access to all inds of literalure on the evils of smoking. I'd like to share with ou his latest "bombardment" entitled "The Friendly Cigarette:" # * * I'm just a friendly cigarette, don't be afraid of me; Why all the advertisers say I'm harmless as can be. .They say lhat I am your best friend; I like that cunning lie; They say you'll walk a mile for me, Because I satisfy. * * * So come on, Buddy, be a sport! Why longer hesilale? With me between your two lips, You'll be quile up to dale. You may nol like me right at first, But very soon, my pet, You'll find you just can't get along without a cigarette. * *· * You've smoked a package--yes, I know, I've nothing now lo fear, · · · Since once I get a grip on you, You're mine for life, my dear. The color's fading from your cheeks, your fingertips are stained, And now you'd like to give me up, But, Buddy, you are chained. * * * Year after year I've fettered you, and led you blindly on, Till now you're just a bunch of nerves, with looks and health both gone. And now you'd like to give me up, Since you've become my slave. You should have known the chances were You'd fill an early grave! * * * THE HORSE TRADER -- 1 likt this ftory I r«n across in the Rotary Club's bulletin. Sparks. Secmi · horse trader once went to Henry Ward Beecher and said, "Mr. Beecher, I have a good family horse I want to tell you. He is a very good carriage horse. He works doubl* with any other horse and on either side of the tongue. In short, he is a good all-round horse and a good team worker." Mr. Beecher replied, "My friend, I can't buy your horse, but I would like to have him as a member of my church." * * * ADVICE FROM THE WEATHER BUREAU-Also in Sparks: "Thunderstorm advice is given by the U.S. Weather Bureau in a pamphlet which tells you just what to do if you are caught out in the open when a storm breaks. "It first says, 'Keep Calm,' and (hen adds, 'Try to avoid being struck by lightning.' chiefs. The highest Tongan boy can pay to a girl is to say she is a "fat liver full of oil." ! Although an ordinary dog wags his tail, a hound, properly speaking, wags his "stern." A rabbit wags his "scut," a fox his "brush," and a deer his "single." And what does a wife wag? Sometimes her finger, sometimes her tongue. Teen-agers are notoriously ! "To do this, you should figure out, while you stand there in a .s a i t h e rain, a place where lightning is least apt to strike." or t n D a l j * · * tribute a WANTS SURE THING - We're told by a xleilidy in one of the downtown department stores that a young fellow halted at the perfume counter the other day and said he wanted to buy something nice for his girl friend. The saleslady showed him a small bottle of something called "Perhaps," which sold at $25 an ounce. The swain blanched and then said: "Listen, for $2S I don't want 'Perhaps,' I want 'Sure!' " DIRT PROBLEM - And a Greeley mother who asked me not lo use her name, says her little girl hurried home from school one afternoon recently and told her: "I wish you'd Icl me lake my bath in the morning instead careless about selecting a balV'f at night." "Why?" asked the mother anced diet, but a government survey also found that women "Because." said the little girl, "every day in health class (he teacher asks us if we had a bath today and so far I haven't who never have and never will be radicals. Yet, when we offer reasoned judgment, Washington, D.C., and politicians turn deaf 35 and over are among the| been able to say 'Yes' once this year." worst offenders in this respect. * » * If Picasso had become an ac-l tor instead of an artist, he'di ears. I'm afraid that if leaders Jose Francisco de Paula Juan tennis courif and grading for outdoor activities at John lire city. lne Evans J u n i o r High and improved lunchroom facilitiesj . j._ u " at Jefferson Elementary School. Some money also is (nested 2. To' reduce costs of trashjnol at the curb line - where included for purchase of future school sites. At the same time, the voters will decide whether the taxpayers are willing to pay an estimated four mills to retire the bonds. to a minimun, it is suggested trash haulers organize their route coverages into districts In be covered by each, thus avoiding duplication of 1 jroutes with saving of a great i amount of time and expense. winds would readily blow away lie lids lo create a traffic hazard, as well as creating an [he lids unsightly appearence at the curb line, as well as require the resident to carry the trash Still another s i g n i f i c a n t decision to be made isjSuch savings could be passed on whether the school district will have the additional^ 1 0 Hie residenl in betler, low. , . . ,, , , ,. 'cost service, such as emptying space to cope w i t h Us growing enrollment, or whether, a d d u i o n a l cans of trash and it will have to make do with its present facilities. picking up grass clippings, And closely allied with the last question, of course, which is n o w a serious problem is the f u t u r e status of educational programs in School! District Six. The number of classrooms, the number of j ent ( Tas fi collection service for students in classrooms and such facilities as librariesja one 30-gallon container per and laboratories have an important hearing, of course,(week runs from $2.50 to $2.75 , ... r ^ ,. , , ,· , · , - , , i per month--an extremely small on the d u a l i t y of education any school district is able to S iffp ,. pnf , p in ,,,,«.,,.. Bfi / ause of offer. These arc decisions lhat ought to be made by a big majority of all persons qualified to vote on Tuesday-not just, by a majority of a minority of the persons oliprible to speak up at the polls. have had a hard time getting his full name in bright lights on Broadway. It is Pablo Diego DAWN WAS HALF RIGHT - Said Ron Stewart's television-addicted three-year old daughter, Dawn, to her baby-sitter, Cheryl Murphy, "That's Elglebert Hump«r- daddy!" , learn to listen now--listen to those of us who don't preach violence, but only needed change in our society--the next strike is going to be for real; and, it will best be called a revolution. "You can't imagine the mood the*"home-- , on 'his campus now--and these are smart kids, people who can match wit's with most anyone in government. I know you folks often don't agree with me, but I have learned from you that fighting and violence doesn't solve anything. Many of us feel can out there, and later returnldeeply Ihe same way. But time - · · -· ! is running short on this society s lease on life, and perhaps some help could be offered by parents writing to the men they elected lo represent themselves as well as those of us (whose number is rapidly approaching a majority position in the population) who have not had the opportunity to vote. I'm suggesting you write your representatives and tell them that you know there are it to the rear of the home. My trash collector stated that they perferred that the trash can be left at the rear of the home, where it would be serviced at the same cost as when left at the curb line. All of Ihese trash haulers have large investments in their pickup trucks. Why require competitive "bidding" for one concern lo monopolize all the trash haul- difference in costs. Because of ing? We now need them all. the large amount of trash pickuplThey have both a The Greeley Daily Tribune and The Greeley Republican EXECUTIVE STAFF legal and tnu turiii; a i t m u i u ut uc^ii jwv-i\uj^ --· . -t;_,, n required, lei it be assumed a moral right to continue standard price of $2.50 per month for a one-can weekly service be established by all Irash haulers. In event the resident requires a two-can weekly service, with the pick-up truck already stopped a second can could be , serviced for an overall cost of j$3 per month, or $3.50 per month Charles B. Branson, 1611 21sl Ave. Honest- Chance To Be Heard Needed Most To The Tribune: Having returned to campus after Mother's Day weekend at u n i n n r n IMNSF.N -. i FO n ' K O K N K : ' ' ' ... Piioii.r,rr|iiOiii;i:T wini.ran ..... _ ...... Editor M«r. A. i.. PETERSKN _____ Ad .... . . _____ . . ' FSTHICK .IK. - ..... C.irc. Mrr.l.lAMF.S W. POPPE ....... _ . -- Supt. rk Day F.v. nz by ,m-lt'piil'lionii l'nlili*hin[c Co. · - - 'Icy. Coin. orfWVii F.iKhth St.. C.n R0631. Second rlnss postjiRe pcid Colorado. Mrml.cr As=ori»fd Pro'*. Anei'l" Tlmi-s-WmliinKtim Sinnle Sulitcriiitio i n l n H n r Th« Ai.soi-i.t mvrly to In* I n r i"r*l r.' Colorado Pro" .ir Cirniintion. The Tx» Post New* Association,! prim _______ price-- Hy mail in 1 your H5.00. 8 monthi SS.Ofl. "nth Jl.Rfl. Py mull ont^iili !o. 1 ypfir JtP.tIO, nnf m I orpiRn countries S3.50 oolh. City rnr Public forum l*t- Kfr than 450 word* rii.st Ke printed wid- th* report of t h p CiipyriRhtM hy thi* T'ir. Pnh- .'or a three-can emptying ser- home, I found myself writing the vice. j following letter to my parents. Since Ihe disposal of grassiThe message is a desparate one, clippings is an especially scrious'one I feel should be communi- problem for everyone who has caled lo all parenls. My emo- lions are, of course, a response to the particular mood of Ihe campus I am al-The University of Chicago. I would suggest lhat a University as great as this one, staffed as it is by some lot the best minds in both faculty student body, is one whose sons and daughters who won't (j us ir-j es . Nepomuceno Maria de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santisima: Trinidad Ruiz Picasso. Quotable Notables: "Some people get the idea they are worth a lot of money just because they have it."--Dorothy Kotler. Insects go on strike: The Yench are testing the possihili- ,y of using lady bugs to replace lealth-threatening pesticides. They found that the lady hugs could consume COO plant bugs a day each, but--after 90 days ;hey found it too much work and libernated for Ihe rest of the year. U.S. farm populations has fallen so much--it's still declining--that four out nf five students in the nation's agricultural colleges now come not from :he farm but from cities. Most riave no desire to follow the plow. They seek training for jobs in teaching, farm machinery firms and the chemical in- lawn, my trash hauler has solved lhat problem for me in a satisfactory manner, as follows: ille staled that if the lawn clip- Growth in Decade PRETORIA - During past decade, South Afr economy has grown at an aver- cioty are worth noting, age rate nf 5 per cent in real "Dear parents, ·terms The s!ecl industry had, 1 "Discnohantmei |however, expanded at a rate o f j t l i e key word-especially from S per cont. l i n e lartfo majority of students blow the place up if someone will just listen--regardless of the final decision--only so long ns some introvert politician in D.C. learns the lesson that he is a representative and not his own God. "An honest chance to be heard is what is needed most, and is needed now to prevent a fatal polarization of Iliis society. To that end, I'd urge you folks to write your reps and urge other parents to do the same. Many of us are presenting our views, are entitled to yours too, above all, tell those guy you but back there that the radicals on the streets are hardly a drop in the bucket of the total number of students in this country who want changes so we may preserve our very existence. By the way, the Colorado Congressmen are Gordon Allott, Peter ' |II. Dominick, Byron Rogers, D . Brotzman, Frank Evans, and Worth remembering: "Ability is what you need to get ahead if the boss doesn't have an unmarried daughter." It was Joseph Joubert who observed, "If we spend our lives in loving, we have no leisure to complain, or lo feel unhappiness." i-M.ni iitii t.iiio, .,,, . . it i) ·Disenchantment, seems lo beiWayne Aspinall. Apollo 11 OLYMPIA, Wash. (AP)-The Apollo 11 spaceship which carried man on his first journey lo the mocn continued on ils 18,000-rnile earthbound journey after being viewed by 23,000 persons during a three-day visit here. The capsule is in a specially designed trailer which also contains samples of moon rocks j and the space suits worn by astronauts Neil Armstrong, Edwin Aldrin and Michael Collins. LUCY'S CALL -- Lucy called (o say "Middle age is when you're too tired to work, and too broke to quit." Today in History By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Monday. May 18, the 138th day of 1970. There are 227 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this date in 1804. Napoleon Bonaparte was proclaimed Emperor of France. On this date: In I860, a Republican convention in Chicago nominated Abraham Lincoln for president. In 18C3, the Civil War siege of Vicksburg, Miss., began. In 1809, an international peace conference was convened at The Hague in the Netherlands. In IMS, (lie Tennessee Valley Authority was created. In 1944, in World War II, the allies captured the Italian town and fortress monastery at Monte Cassino. In 1951, the United Nations moved from Lake Success, GRAFFITI by Leary 0W N.Y., to its new headquarters in Manhattan. Ten years ago--The Soviet Union demanded an urgent meeting of the U.N. Security Council to lake up the question of U.S. reconnaissance flights over Rus- 'a. Five years ago--Queen Elizabeth II arrived in West Germany for the first visit to Germany by a British monarch in more than 50 years. One year ago--The Apollo 10 astronauts were shot into space in a mission to orbit the moon. New York Post Increases Price NEW YORK (AP) - The New York Post announced today it will increase the price of its daily afternoon newspaper to 15 cents, effective Monay. It now costs a dime. The Post also publishes a weekend edition Saturday which costs 15 cents. This will not be raised. In its early edition, the Post cited the doubling of wages during the 13 years the daily cost 10 cents and said "the impending new contact settlement, retro- aclive to March 31, commits the Post lo the highest wage increases in its history. The cost of distribution, newsprint and other supplies and services in all areas of our {operation have also risen sharp- 'ly over (he years." The New York Times week- .day edition sells for 10 cenls and I the Daily News costs 8 cents. The display later will go to I Rill McDonaldiSall Lake City, Cheyenne, Wyn.,1 2107 10th Ave.|aml Denter. 1 SCRAM-UTS ANSWERS Divide - Niece - Crime - Plenty - LIV7W A rich Texan: He was buried in his Rolls Royc«, With the air conditioner and hi-fi set on. A gravodigger said, "Man, that's LIVIN'." 5 _ ( j

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