CREF'.EY (Colo.)TRIBUNE Fri..May27.1977 ' Not ready for fours Terrance Hill, the official residence of Gob. Robert Ray, in Des Moines, Iowa, is scheduled to be opened for tours by July 1. But Ray says the mid-Victorian mansion is not ready for an influx of visitors. He cites lack of parking space and a crum- bling porch as two problems that must be solved. Some J1.4 million already has been spent on restoration, and state officials say they need another 5800,000 or $900,000 to complete repairs. CAP Wirephoto) Exercising can help relieve anxiety By WILLIAM E. HAUDA MADISON, Wis. (UPI) - A University of Wisconsin researcher believes the evidence is overwhelming that exercise can be a simple treatment for millions of Americans suffering from depression and anxiety. "The greatest benefit of exercise is maintenance of mental health and prevention of emotional problems," said Prof. William P. Morgan of the UW physical education department. Exercise that has definitely been shown to reduce anxiety is of the vigorous type, Morgan said, although similar benefits also have been indicated in even light exercise. "For the layman, this means sweating. You've got to be at it for a fair while." Morgan, who has conducted .extensive research in sports psychology, said the link between tension reduction and exercise is so clear it is no longer even questioned by most researchers. "It's a dead issue. People should stop asking questions about it." Now, Morgan said in an interview, researchers ought to be looking at the questions of what type of exercise is the best, how much of it is good and why some people exercise and others don't. "Why do some people elect to be physically active and others not to be?" Morgan asked. "This is a very fundamental question. In a study of 100 university professors in Missouri who engaged in various exercise programs such as jogging, swimming, cycling and weightlifting, Morgan said all who showed depression in psychological testing before the six- week program "had a reduction in the level of depression" by exercising. Other studies he made involving prisoners in Wisconsin and police officers in Texas showed similar results. He said prisoners and policemen who had high anxiety at the start showed reductions in anxiety levels during the programs. Morgan said his research has shown that not only could millions of Americans find relief from depression and anxiety by becoming active, but they could reap other benefits from vigorous exercise. "People who sit around smoking and drinking are not aware of their bodies. But if "' f we could get the average quit smoking, cut down on they get out and start jogging, adult to lose 10 per cent of his alcohol and coffee, we could they become aware." fat, go on a reasonable diet, prolong his life by lOyears." Announcing the oncc-a-year KitctienAid Factory Authorized SMI From now until June 15, KitchenAid is offering big factory price reductions on selected 1977 models! Buy now and enjoy big savings. KitchenAid Load- As-You-Like Dishwashers 'Actual savings depends on dealer. Gel his special prices. KWS/KWI-200 HURRY. SALE ENDS JUNE 15. ONORNO 1//1PPLMNCE 901 Broad St. Milliken fefeseope sfi'W reading fine pr/nf By JEKFRY S. UNGER WILLIAMS BAY, Wis. (UP!) -- If scientific technology is impatient and heartless, an 80- year telescope should be outmoded. But the great refractor at the University of Chicago's Yerkes Observatory is not some senile relic, unable to read the Tine print of the night sky. Instead, like some crazed collegian cramming for exams, the iron leviathan still attracts all-nighters at the drop of a sun. Next to Yerkes' two modern reflecting telescopes, the 63-foot long, 20-ton veteran seems an anachronism. Yet, its two 40- inch lenses make it the largest refracting -- light-bending -telescope in the world. Reflecting telescopes of comparable power are smaller, cheaper and able to receive images not broken into colors as they are by going through glass lenses. The refractor, however, played a part in the major discovery in 1952 that our galaxy has a spiral structure. Now it is devoted to determining fundamental distances to all nearby stars, others that are physically interesting and monitoring star motions. Results are published in journals to allow other observatories a chance to check the figures. "We are one of three or four observatories in the world doing this," said Yerkes director L. M. Hobbs, a UC professor of astronomy and astrophysics. "We are uniquely suited for this work because we have the old photographs taken here. Like wine, they get better with age. We can compare them with pictures we take now." Another advantage of the refractor is stability. Its lenses need not be removed for cleaning. Reflecting telescopes, which use mirrors, must be re- aluminized periodically, increasing the risk of slight changes in the optical alignment when they are reassembled. Aberrations also are caused by air currents -- a phenomenon astronomers call "bad seeing," which can occur even on clear nights. Thus, to limit distortion, the dome housing the telescope is never heated. Working third shift in the dark can be a humbling experience, especially when it's 40 below, Hobbs said in an interview. But, he said, "I can't tell you what a privilege it is to work here. The list of astronomers who have reads like an honor roll of American astronomy. "For a long time astronomy was a very small field. The Yerkes, Lick (on Mt. Hamilton, Calif.) and Harvard College observatories were the pillars of American astronomy." Yerkes was built in 1895, partly because Chicagoan George Ellery Hale had become frustrated trying to study the sun with his 12-inch telescope. With the help of William Rainey Harper, UC's first president, Hale drew up plans Â· for the refractor, which was financed by Chicago businessman Charles Yerkes. Williams Bay was chosen as the best site within 100 miles of Chicago. Frederick Law Olmsted, designer of New York City's Central Park, planned the grounds. "This is a beautiful setting," said Hobbs, looking over nearby Lake Geneva from a catwalk outside the dome. "Right now I can't imagine doing anything else. Computer tracks chromosome errors By ROBERTA ULRIC1I PORTLAND, Ore. (DPI) -Chromosomes are supposed to come in perfect sets of 46. When they don't, the results can be tragic -- a mentally retarded or physically deformed baby. Chromosome errors are relatively rare, about 1 in every 250 to 300 live births, so few doctors see more than a handful of such cases in a ' lifetime and there has been no one place they could go for information on aberrations similar to those they find. Now, however, the University of Oregon Health Sciences Center has established a national chromosome register which is collecting and computerizing information on chromosome errors. The information 'will aid doctors in counseling patients on family planning. Eventually the register may also help researchers in finding the cause of chromosome abnormalities and perhaps a cure, according to Dr. Gerald Prescott, associate professor of medical genetics and perinatal medicine at the center. He is director of the nsv chromosome register. Chromosomes, so small they must be magnified 15,000 times to be seen through a microscope, carry the genes which determine all of a person's characteristics from sex to eye color. Normally a person has 46 chromosomes in pairs. Some persons, however, have an extra chromosome. Others have too few. Still others have "some bits and parts missing" from chromosomes. "If the chromsomes are structured- -wrong then the genes are wrong," Prescott said. He said collecting data on chromosome abnormalities from throughout the nation should provide some clues as to whether some ethnic groups are more subject to certain aberrations or protected from them, whether certain chromosome errors are linked with any section of the country and whether they are linked to certain diseases. The information being collected includes the location, time of day, season and circumstances of the birth. For example, Prescott said it is known that older mothers are more prone to give birth to mentally retarded babies. "We know that a woman is born with all the eggs she will ever have. If she gives birth at the age of 18 the egg that formed that child was 18 years old. 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