Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado on April 13, 1973 · Page 32
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Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado · Page 32

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Friday, April 13, 1973
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Kri., April 13,1173 GREELEY (Colo.) TRIBUNE » conference on wildlife environment Wildlife 'can have a healthy future 1 The ;Goyernor's .Conference on Wilfllife and. the Environment, jxjtd, March 30-31 in Denver} feiched a milestone in its conclusions that experts do not have all the answers, hunters are not villains, stock- . i men do cooperate with environmentalists, and wildlife in Colorado can have a healthy future.'; Speaking to almost 400 persons at;lhe opening session of the conference, Gov. John A. Love said. wildlife has been regarded as a "cash register benefit"' in Colorado until very recently. "'"And I welcome the change from the past when the management of "wildlife brought .an economic gain through (he sale of hunting and fishing licenses" and the taxes on firearms and ammunition, t'he Governor added. The purpose of the conference, according to Love, was to give:the people across the state; a-greater understanding · of the problems and potentials of Wildlife and the environment, along w i t h a realizatiop that they should have' a voice in decisions affecting the future of wildlife. For too long federal and state agencies responsible for the management of wildlife have had the altitude of "leave the driving to us." Dr. Kenneth Nobe, ol Colorado State University, said in a panel discussion on the Wildlife Asset. And many of the administrators of these agencies still have the "I know best attitude" as far as wildlife is concerned, Nobe said. He finds it "encouraging," however. that the citizens of Colorado who are the "clients of the wildlife and environmental agencies are starting to ask questions loudly and clearly." Another panel member. Harry W. Woodward, director of the Colorado Division of Wildlife for the past 12 years, echoing an earlier remark of Governor Love, said Ihe "day has arrived when the non- hunting segment of the public is going to be asked to contribute to the management of all wildlife that does not come under the hunting and fishing context." Woodward emphasized that hunters and fishermen should only be charged for what their sport costs the state. He described many non- hunters as being generous with "their rhetoric" but not so generous with their money. The Division of Wildlife has proposed a plan to place the burden ol financial support for certain wildlife on the segment of the population which benefits from that specific wildlife. An example cited was bird watchers contributing to the survival costs of non-game birds. Woodward said the Colorado State Assembly is now considering a $5 Wildlife Conservation Stamp for those persons who neither hunt nor fish, and consequently pay no money in licenses or sales tax to support the general wildlife program. He explained that today's definition of the wildlife to be managed by his Division goes far beyond sporting game and lish, and includes such things as raptors, song birds and predators. Dr. Durward C. Allen . of Purdue University, the keynote speaker, told the conference that wood bison and grizzly bears, no longer found in Colorado, may be safely brought back in small breeding herds, kept under safe control, to a designated area of the state. Wayne Sandfort, game manager of the Colorado Division of Wildlife, said there is a long range plan to bring back the grizzlies,, if the division receives the support of Colorado residents. The panel members and its moderator, Dr. Gustav A. Swanson, head of the Fishery and Wildlife Biology Department at Colorado State University, agreed that Colorado was behind many other slates where the expenses of wildlife management were paid -- to a large extent--'from the general fund, rather than revenue from licenses and taxes. 1973 is "the Year of the People," and if the people fail to take an active part in the decisions affecting Colorado wildlife, they must share the blame if the decisions are wrong. This was the emphasis of Dale Andrus, Colorado State Director of the Bureau of Land Management ( B L M ) , who moderated a panel on public interaction and involvements. Andrus cited the first residents of the Rocky Mountains -- the early Indians -- with a better appreciation than the pioneer white settlers of the real value of wildlife and recognition of the fact that tile supply of game and lish could be depleted. Decisions un public land use -- including every aspect of wildlife--are, by constitutional requirement, made by our elective and appointive of- . ficials, Andrus said. These decisions have been applauded and criticized not only by environmentalists but by the sub- dividers and mining and oil interests as well as stockmen who feel their livelihood is * being threatened. But the major portion of the state's population, the people to whom all the wildlife belong, have taken little part in the arguments and decision; they were not consulted nor did they use their voices to reach the decision makers, Andrus said. Another speaker on the panel. Tom Borden, Colorado State forester, said the problems of lack of coordination between state and federal agencies could be overcome if the legislative and executive branches of the government at all levels really encouraged cooperation. State Senate Majority Leader Joseph B. Schieffelin said passage of a bill soon to be introduced in the Colorado Assembly would insure that wise management of our wildlife would come with wise land use. , Jack Orr, a Kremmling rancher and a past president of the Colorado Cattlemen's Assn., as a member of the panel discussing wildlife environmental relationship's, spoke on livestock and wildlife management in Colorado. Orr itemized the things that cattlemen have done to improve wildlife habitat. Among these were seeding programs, stock water development in which wildlife share the benefits, and rest rotation grazing systems.which improve the forage for all animals. According to Orr, 80 per cent of all winter wildlife habitat is on private land on the western slope ol Colorado, and 90 per cent on private land on the eastern slope -- on ground for which the land-owner pays taxes. Orr mentioned the damage done to his cows and horses by hunters and coyotes. But in his entire lifetime as a rancher. Orr said he had never used poison to kill coyotes, or other predators, and t h a t "most ranchers don't like poison any better than environmentalists do" but some way must be · found to control predators if people want to keep eating meat. Beverly Fleming, executive director of the Colorado chapter of Keep America Beautiful, suggested a limited hunting season lor coyotes. This brought disagreement from panel member, Charles Callison of New York City, who is executive vice president of the National Audubon Society. Callison said shooting coyotes, especially for bounty, was a waste of money. He suggested, instead that a special technique be developed for identifying and eradicating the few killer coyotes who prefer livestock to their natural diet of rodents and rabbits. Colorado hunters can expect numerous changes in the future, according to most of the speakers at the conference. These nationally known authorities on wildlife biology or public land management agreed on three points concerning hunters and fishermen : The sportsmen can no longer be expected to carry the financial cost of maintaining and protecting wildlife in the state; emotionalism is the basis for most of the criticism of hunting; and licensing of hunters is eventually going lo include both education and examinations. Jack R. Grieb, chief of Game Kesearch lor the Colorado Division of Wildlife, said hunters will have to be educated to expect lower bag limits and to choose between which species of game they hunt, but they may be given a wider choice ui'days on which to hunt. More stringent requirements for licensing hunters, including physical examinations w i t h special attention to vision; understanding laws and regulations on w i l d l i f e , knowledge of wildlife species, and proficiency with firearms were listed by Richard N. Denney, president of the Colorado chapter of the Wildlife Society, as ways to protect wildlife while improving the image of the hunter. Denney also included cutting down or eliminating vehicular hunting, and stricter law enforcement as other ways of protecting wildlife lor all of the public interests. Robert A. Jantzen, director of the Arizona Game and Fish Dept., advocated the removal of discriminatory license fee differences between resident and non-resident hunters, as well as reducing the residence requirements to six months. An optimistic view for both the hunters and non-hunters was expressed by Dr. Lawrence H. Jahn, vice president of the Wildlife Management Institute in Washington. D.C. Jahn. the principal speaker at Ihe conference banquet, foresees the survival of healthy wildlife populations. This will require proper management of both the public lands and the wildlife. Jahn noted that in Ihe early 1900s experts of Iho date were "pessimistic about (he survival of any of the larger North A m e r i c a n m a m m a l s m u c h beyond the 1930s." Stockmen do nol deserve the too-frequent description of environmental villains, Hans von Barby, past presidenl of Ihe Colorado Wildlife Federation, said in his summary of the conference. He urged Ihe public to recognize that it costs the p r i v a t e landowner m a n y dollars to support the wildlife using his land, and thai he has the right lo expect some return, for the use ol this land, -including the cooperation and courtesy of the liunler and fisherman. Von Barby said he was gratified "by the amount of cooperalion shown by callle and sheep men" in prolecling wildlife. He also emphasized lhal young people in Colorado must be convinced lhal hunting is.a privilege and not a right, and lhal the general public in this stale should realize Ihe Colorado Wildlife Division is one of the besl in the nation and "should give it (heir support instead ol their criticism." Bud Smith's 'Outside Insight' OUTDOORS NWF raps Interior decision to renew Visintainer leases Why have hunting? Because millions enjoy it! A n - Interior Departmenl decision lo renew all public grazing privileges of a convicted Colorado eagle killer with 'only a "reprimand" lias been'. labeled by the National Wildlife Federation, as "less punishment (ban writing 'I will not do it again' 10 times on a blackboard." The Federalion's sharp crilicism'came in response lo acting Interior Secretary John Whitaker's reluctance to bar usage of over 60,000 acres of public lands to Dean Visin- lainer, a Craig, Colo., sheep rancher who has pleaded guilly lo Ihe helicopter slayings of five golden eagles. On March 29. Interior announced lhal Visintainer's grazing privileges were lo be renewed and a lelter of reprimand was sent -to Ihe sheep rancher. "Ralher than a 'lelter of reprimand', NWF Conservation Director Lou Clapper charged, "il would heller be called a 'leller of encouragemenl' as il now looks as if the Interior Department is going lo continue lo allow open season on our wildlife." In Ihe leller to Visintainer, Clapper said, acting Secretary Whilaker slaled he "intended to acl sternly in these cases." "If this mere slap on Ihe wrisl is an example of his slern discipline," Clapper added, "then I shudder to think of Ihe o I h e r f o r t h c o m i n g A d m i n i s t r a t i o n decisions regarding wildlife conservation." Clapper assured thai Ihe Nalional Wildlife Federalion would lake "every conceivable legal slop" to overturn Whitaker's decision. While it has been clearly against (he law for years lo shool eagles, the Interior Departmenl, in March 1972. proposed regulations to stiffen (he lies belween grazing licenses and laws concerning conservation or protection of n a t u r a l resources, i n c l u d i n g eagles. However, issuance of the regulations has been held up by Interior pending completion of work on an unrelated chemical toxicant regulation. "There is no logical reason why these two regulations should go hand-in-hand." Clapper argued. "Although the necessary Interior regulations regarding eagle killing have been ready tor well over a year now, Ihe agency conlinues lo slall." "The Visintainer incident is going to happen again." Clapper added, "and unless the Interior Departmenl ceases ils fool-dragging, once again the killers are going lo be rewarded." By BUD SMITH Colorado Division of Wildlife Why have hunting? Staunch wildlife protectionists are quick to point to the extinclion of Ihe passenger pigeon and Ihe slaughter ol Ihe buffalo and decry any and all hunting. Some time ago the National Wildlife Federation conducted a public opinion survey, which showed that a large segment of the American public is deeply concerned about wildlife, but Ihe majorily feel hunling is Ihe greatest single Ihreal lo the perpetuation of any species. These individuals fail to realize, or refuse to recognize, the distinclion belween Ihe unconlrolled, unreslricled slaughter of wild game, which occurred a cenlury ago and Ihe legal, biologically oriented, carefully controlled hunting seasons of today. Where Ihe buffalo are concerned, eliminalion was urged from many quarters, including Congress, as a solution lo Ihe Indian problem. A hundred years ago Ihe United Slates Army actually supplied horses and ammunition in order to encourage Ihe annihilation of the Plains Indian's food supply. Modern game amnagement techniques and hunting seasons are at the opposite end of the pole from Ihese scars on America's wildlife heritage. Techniques used nowadays are disigned to mainlain or increase wildlife populalions where habitat allows such increases. And hunting seasons are set to allow "the people" to harvest the surplus each year, a tradition which began with the settlement of Ihe counlry. Despite Ihis, there are individuals and groups dedicated to reslricling or eliminaling all hunling through legislation. Unforlunalely Iheir conviclions are nol based on conservalion or biological principles, bul solely on Iheir own moral conviclions. They say lhat any killing of wildlife to maintain a biological balance should be done by "government" hunters. Or they urge Ihe inlroduclion of predators so Ihe grisly task can be completely removed from human hands. They also urge the complete eliminialion of small game hunling, since il isn'l a biological necessily as il is with big game herds. There reasoning? They want to insure that any animals lhat do die. do so "humanely." It's d u m b f o u n d i n g ; that's what it is. 1 seriously doubl that a deer suffers less while being eaten by a coyote lhan il does wilh a bullel through ils boiler room. Dillo, pheasants and rabbits, etc. Author Vance Bourjaily said in an article in the "Saturday Evening Post" several years ago, "I t h i n k a reasoned defense of hunting, an activity 1 enjoy very much, would be as difficult to compose as a reasoned defense of drinking whiskey or going to Ihe theater. All three are things men do for pleasure. All three come under atlack al limes from Ihe various kinds of purilans wilh whom Ihe counlry is Iradilion- ally afflicted." The "various k i n d s of puritans" apparently objccl lo hunting because it deals with death, and death in any form is rarely a savory topic of conversation. And apparenlly their sensilivilies are assaulted by Oil companies 1 sludge ponds causing wildlife deaths in eastern Colorado Canadians shatter Sabres' dreams By FRED ROTHENBEKG Associated Press Sports Writer Midnight came 90 minutes early for the Buffalo Sabres. The Sabres, the Cinderella team in this year's Stanley Cup Playoffs, finally succumbed lo the powerful Monlreal Cana- diens 4-2 .in goals Thursday night and 4-2 in games in their quarter-final playoff round. Elsewhere in Ihe National Hockey. 'League, the Philadelphia . Flyers eliminated the Minnesola Norlh Stars in six games with a 4-2 victory while Ihe Rangers skated to a 4-1 opening-game win in Iheir semi-final round series with the Chicago Black Hawks. In the World Hockey Association, New England gained its third playoff victory in four games by defeating Ottawa 7-3. At approximately 10:30 EST Buffalo's dream of upsetting the mighty Canadiens, losers of only 10 regular season games, ended. It.was the witching hour for the Sabres, but there were no pumpkins in sight. The dniy Iransformalion was that'after a hard-fought six games, the Canadiens turned into winners while Ihe Sabres became losers. "Well we tried, but it just wasn't in the cards." said Sabres' Coach Joe Crozieri whose team made the playoffs for the firsl lime in ils three-year history. "The kids matured." he added. "They really came a long way." As far as Ihe Canadiens were concerned Buffalo almosl came loo far. "I feel like somebody has jusl taken a piano off my back," said Montreal's Coach Scotty Bowman. "I don'l Ihink any team can be any tougher than the Sabres." And he wasn't even on the ice. Someone who was, Ken Dryden, spent mosl of Thursday nighl throwing his large frame in front of 44 Buffalo shots and he was duly impressed. "They jusl kepi coming on and on," he said, after watching the Sabres give up four firsl. period goals without giving up. The Montreal goal scorers were Serge Savarcl, Murray Wilson, Guy Laflour and Jacques Lapcrricre while Buffalo's Rene Robert and Jim Lorcntz scored third-period goals to halve the final margin. In Bloomington, the Philadelphia Flyers' goalie Doug Fa- veil stopped all but one of Minnesota's 38 shots while his teammates supported him with four goals to end the Norlh Slars' season. For Ihe New York Rangers, Ihere's no place like home, bul the road isn't bad either. Wilh Thursday nighl's victory in Chicago added to the three previous road wins over Boston, the Rangers are now 4-0 in away games in Ihis year's playoffs. Another New' York trick is to spol the opposition an early lead and then come storming back. "That's been the story of the playoffs for us," said Ranger Coach Emile Francis. "They go ahead early, but we don't give them much lime to enjoy it." In the only WHA action, Tom Williams, who. only scored 10 goals during Ihe regular season, scored three Thursday nighl to lead the New England Whalers to the victory over the Ottawa Nationals. DENVER (AP) - "Poor housekeeping" by oil well operators is part of the reason why thousands of birds have died in eastern Colorado, the director of the Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission said Thursday. Douglas Rogers said he planned to submil a list of well operators lo the commission for possible disciplinary action. Fines could range up to $1,000 a day, Rogers said. A spokesman also said the U.S. Attorney's office is investigating the situation lo determine if federal statutes have been violated. Rogers added thai il was illegal for oil accumulations lo exist on sludge ponds. Such deposits have killed thousands of birds in eastern Colorado, with estimates varying between 25,000 to 250,000. The commission and the Montana work-study trial expected to go to jury Stale Division of Wildlife told well operators aboul Ihe oil problem in 1969, and warned Ihem lo clean up Ihe ponds, Rogers said. Oil companies will now be allowed to burn off accumulated deposits, according to the commission and the air pollution control division of the Colorado Health Department. Speaking of the 1969 warning, Rogers said, "II was cleaned up prelly well al that time. But now, due to a lack of clean house-keeping, it's cropped up again." The estimated 1,000 sludge ponds are actually evaporation pits for water produced from oil wells in eastern Colorado. The water and crude oil are mixed together, and well operators theoretically separate the crude oil from the water after they emerge from Ihe wells. Bul some oil has apparenlly escaped inlo the ponds, building up on the ponds and killing Ihe birds, slate officials said. Ihe idea lhal anyone can call recrealion, or take pleasure from a pastime thai can end in dealh. It also seems that while these groups may even recognize lhat death is a necessary part of life, they would much prefer In have it closeted behind the walls of a slaughter house or meted out by appointed executioners in order to protect the morality of Ihe rest of us from such depravity. Unforlunalely, I guess, I fil into Mr. Bourjaily's category: I like whiskey; I enjoy the theater and 1 dearly love to hunl. Nor do 1 Ihink my m o r a l i t y has suffered appreciably for pursuing any of the three pleasures. If anylhing, I believe my reverence lor life has increased through my h u n l i n g experiences. A eonlradiclory slalement? On the face of it, I suppose il is. B u t . the knowledge gained through h u n t i n g aboul Ihe h a b i t a t , characteristics, habits and life cycles ol various species of wildlife continues to increase my respect and reverence. Thai I lake an occasional duck, deer or elk in no way delracls Irom Ibis feeling, bul serves only to enhance it. So I'll have to subscribe lo Bourjaily's philosophy, "But, I say mosl seriously lhal you exceed your rights when you urge that laws be made in the shape of your conscience to block pleasures permitted by mine. When you prevail, you commit a crime against freedom, and lhat is Ihe greatesl immorality." Why have hunling? Because several million of us enjoy it. Ihal's why! MISSOULA, Monl. (AP) The 19-day Irial of two University of Montana athlelic officials accused of conspiring to defraud the federal government is expected lo go lo Ihe jury today. As Thursday's session came to a close, U.S. Districl Courl Judge Ray McNichols, Boise, Idaho, lold opposing attorneys that each side would be limited to 1% hours for final arguments this morning. On trial are Jack Swarlhout, UM athlelic director and head foolball coach and William Betcher, assistant football coach. The two officials are accused of misusing federal work-study funds. Governmenl attorneys also say they diverted about $227,000 worth of work-study money for the use of Ihe university's athletic department. A motion from defense attorney Charles Moses'for acquittal was taken under advisement at the end of Ihe Thursday session. Moses claimed the government did not present any evidence to show thai work- study money was diverted to the department. The defense rested after calling a character witness for Swarthout. He was George "Jiggs" Dahlberg, relired athletic director and former head basketball coach. After the defense rested, government attorneys called Donald Mullen, the university's financial aids officer, as their only rebuttal- witness. Mullen testified briefly about school policies relating to athletic scholarships and the work- study program. The beginning of a good thing! flLPIHE the Hiking Boots that earn their reputation!

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