Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado on April 17, 1972 · Page 22
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Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado · Page 22

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Monday, April 17, 1972
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22 GREELEY (Colo.) TRINIUNE Mon., April 17,1972 Steps Begun Jo Convert Yards to Meters By C. G. McDANIEL AP Science Writer Question: When is a yard not a yard? Answer: When il's a melcr. Housewives shopping for dress fabrics may soon be buying their prints by the melcr in- slead of the yard. And the milk they buy will be in liters ralhcr biles Ihan quarts, and the bultcr in have grams ralher than pounds. This is (lie way housewives in every olher major country of the world buy such ileins, just as mqlorists in most countries measure distance by kilometers instead of miles. It's all parl of the metric system. The United Stales is the lasl induslrial country of the world remaining on She old E n g l i s h units--ounces a n d pounds; inches, feet, yards and miles; pints and quarts. Bills are pending in Congress which would hasten the day when the Uniled Stales would join 1 Great Britain, A u s t r a l i a , Canada, Japan and olher countries in converting its system of measures lo that used almosl everywhere else. If they pass, we may s t i l l have (tic inchworm among us, b'.il every thing else will he in for a remeasuremenl. Countries where the mclric system is not used include Trinidad, Malawi, Ghana, Muscat and Oman, Sierra Leone, Tonga, Gambia, Burma, Barbados, Jamaica, Liberia, Nauru, Sierra Leone and Southern Yemen. Many Are Using Melrici Dr. Lewis M. Branseomb, director of Ihe National Bureau of Standards, recently pointed out at a conference on metrics at the Museum of Science and Industry in Chicago that many measurements in the United Slalcs already arc metrical. He ciled the pharmaceutical, photographic, oplomelrie apd roller hearing industries. More Ihan 20 per cent of Hie automo- highways including on American metric parts, [·"ord's Pinto as well as imported cars. Peaches and other foods sold by U.S. f i r m s abroad bear the amount on (he label bolli in pounds and ounces and in grams. Swimming pools are built in mclric lengths for international competition, and some olher sports events are measured in metric units as well. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration uses the metric system, as do some oth- vlth England, the country con- inued to use the English sys- em. Since 1%5, however, Great Britain has been in transition to he metric system a program planned for completion by 1975. Gordon Bowen, director of he British Metrication Board, old the Chicago conference hat his country is progressing nore rapidly than had been expected in the transition and vilh fewer problems. The changeover there, which iccompanies a change -to decimal money, was made almost mperative because of British enlry into the European Common Market, which is on the mclric system. Problems in inlernalional radc also have provided much er government the Journal of agcncics, and the American Vledical Association recently mclric measure its scientific re began using inonls in all iwrls. The metric system, by acl cf Congress, has been legal in the Uniled Stales since 18CG, although English measures have continued lo predominate. In 1875, the country was one of the 17 charier members of the In- tcrnalional Mclric Convention. France in 1793 France had adoplcd the metric system in 1703, John Quincy Adams found Ihat Ihis syslcm approached "the ideal perfection of uniformity applied lo weights and measures." However, because most of Ihe young nation's t r a d e was then national board be established to vork out detailed plans and imctablcs for conversion. Primary emphasis is placed on education so Ihat future generations would be taught to 'think metric" while growing up. A timetable of 10 years for conversion is recommended 'by which time the U.S. will lave become predominantly, hough not exclusively, met- ic." ]n all likelihood, football--an American sport--will continue .0 be played on a 100-yard field, and horses of the Jnilcd recent Slates impetus in to switch the ilusively lo metrics. Sen. Claiborne Pell, D R.I, a metrics advocate, estimates U.S. losses in foreign trade at ?10 billion to $25 billion annual- y because the nation's measurements are out of line with predominant world standards. Lasl July, Maurice 11. Slans, ilien secretary of commerce, icnt to Congress a report on a three-year study on mclric changeover which Congress had authorized three years earlier. Urges Chang* Ile recommended, in line with the study, that the Uniled Stales change lo the inler- nalional metric system "deliberately and carefully" and that 'Ihis be done through a coordinated national program." The study recommends thai a Colorado Climber Describes His Mountain Adventures run races in 'urlongs, already an archaic icasure. H is unlikely, too, !!iat the young will (c required la love 3ach olher "31 kilograms and a nig around [he neck" instead of "a bushel and a peck." Lewis Branseomb wrote in Ihe metrics study report, "I am convinced Ihat after nearly 200 years of national debate on this issue, the lime has come for a national decision on a positive course of action." He lold a conference in Mew York recently: "This country will be a metric country in die future. The only queslions a i c how soon and in what manner we will gel there." Based on Earth Circumference The metric system, based on ralios of the earth's circumference, is a decimal system- based on units of 10. 11 is logical and simplifies malhemalics School children--and many adults--will be pleased (o dis pcnse wills the fractions to he multiplied, divided, added ant subtracted. The customary English sys '.cm is not a logical one, the units being arbitrary and of varying values. For example, there are )2 inches in a foot and 3 feet in a yard. A mile is 5,280 feet. There arc 16 ounces to a pound, and'2,000 pounds to a ton. : . . . Then there arc horsepower, hands, ; rods, acres, pints, quarts, gallons, peck's, bushels, cubits ; and- fathoms. . . . All of these standards grew up quite haphazardly. Three barleycorns -equaled an inch, for example. And a yard was the distance between the tip of a king's nose and the lip ot his ingcrs. The melric system progresses logically in units of 10, and prefixes have the same meau- ng, whether measuring length, jrea, licjuid volume or mass (or weight, as it is now called). The basic units are meters, grams and liters. Deci-as a pre- The patient with a lempera- urc of 3G.9 degrees will not be ying or dead. Thai is the Celius equivalent of 98.0 degrees ~, which is normal. Louis F. Sokol of Arlington Heights, 111., president of the letric Association, said in an nterview that in a melric con- erslon "the spinoff-will bo Ire- nendous for the consumer. Sokol, a meteorologist for United Air Lines, said, "Mosl wople, when told Ihe fads, wil means tenth; drcdlh; centi-, hun- Ihousandth. Qeka-means 10 limes the base; icclo-, a hundred limes, and ·silo-, a thousand. Thus Ihe kilometer, which would replace the mile measure, is a thousand melcrs. A milligram is a thousandth of a gram. The Remains Same measurement of dec Iricity remains Ihe same-- am peres, as does time-- in yrc onds. H o w e v e r , the television weather man and the physician will be giving (heir respectivi tem|ieralure readings differ ently. Instead of Fahrenheit the readings will be in degree Celsius, grade. formerly called cenli They're not having rammed down their iuy thai, omcthing hroals." Eventually to Consumer The metrics study report pro poses manufacturers and other? vill pay the costs initially i'hesc then are passed on to Ihe consumer. The government study esli nates costs of conversing ma:i u f a c l u r i n g industries in Ihi ·ange SO.2 billion lo $14.3 bil lion. But it is pointed out (hat Ihi: will take place over a period o years, awl lhal much of conversion will occur as facto ries replace worn out and out niodcd equipment. The study also notes that con version will permit factories t lake advantage of modern lech nology and lo reducy in ventories. Inlernalional metric ards have made it possible I reduce unnecessary variety i manufacture of such items a nuts, bolls and rivets. Once standards are agree upon, the parts can be inter changed throughout the world Meanwhile, the Unilad State inches--or centimeltr.v--alon toward (he metric system. See for yourself the Victor Difference in printing calculators ' Each American-made Series 1800 features 14 digits, automatic constants, full-floating decimal with underflow. AH share the same basic keyboard. Choose one or two accumulating registers, with or without square root ... or our one-register model. Victor's printing calculators are fast. And quiet. In fact, the printing motor runs only when activated for printing. Victor's new Flexi-Mode T feature converts the printers, with a flick of a switch, into high speed adding machines. Unlike ordinary add-mode machines, the Series 1800's offer the flexibility of presetting to any decimal position and recalling results for subsequent calculations. Don't need a printer? Victor offers a choice of fivs matching Series 1800 display models. - Come in today for a free demonstration or call us for a free trialin your office. V I C T O R By ROBERT CAMPBELL Grand Junction Daily Sentinel Writer GLEN WOOD SPRINGS, Colo. (AP) _ Bill Brudigam is most at peace on the cool rock of mountains were the wind carries no mortal scent and eternity is but a step away. Like the Indians, lie finds spirituality in "going with" nature-- accepting Ihe Bills --·' t r i a l s wilh equanimity. H r u d i ^ a m , 22, a sludent at Hole and Gros clearly visible, and Colorado Mountain College here, climbs not against the m o u n t a i n or against himself, hul pursues the demanding sport of mountaineering simplj "because I enjoy it." A climb the quiet Glcnwnod Springs native says lie enjoyed a great dcnl was the ascent ns parl of a 20-man expedition last Dec. 2i;-Jiin. 5 of Ihe Grand Tc- lon in Wyoming. Me describes maller-of-fauUy wlial was only the sccpwl successful winter attempt in seven years on the 13,700-foot peak and gives t h e credit 1 In Paul Pcl/oldl's N a t i o n a l Outdoor Leadership School of Lander, Wyo. "You have, lo have complete teamwork for such a climb to he a success," he says. The G-fool-G mountaineer has , noun |ai n s, been :i summer i n s l n i c l n r "'· Ihe N'OI,S lor Iwo years, started climbing in 1%8 in a program called Outward Mound at Carbondale, Colo., when lie WHS 18, and firsl went lo the I'et'/.oldt school in 19G9. Ile tells nn engrossing tale of the Grand Telon climb, describing winds b l a s l i n g , to GO an hour and bclow-wro lein- ]«ralurcs that forced Ihe men lo hole up fur f o u r days, Uec. .11 through Jan. .1, in a hul and in snow caves Ilicy dug at an elevation of about 11,000 feel. "At aboul 3:3(1 a . m . on .Ian. 3," he says, "someone saw t h e moon s h i n i n g on t h e peak and Paul Pclv.oldt advised us we'd b o i l e r yet started if we were going lo make a run for il. "We decided i m m e d i a t e l y to liravc Ihe winds and make the atlempf." Team I w o . t h e lluce-inan parly of w h i c h Bnidig.im was a member, reached tbe summit' ilxiul noon Jan. 3. Each team spent about 30 minutes on top," he said. "The view was something lo see. Ida o, Jackson Venire were with (he Wind River range clus- Icrcd clouds. : He said (he toughest part of Ihe expedition was deciding whether lo slay In the snow caves "for several more (lays in comfort" or lo vcnlure oul awl Iry for Ihe lop. Hrudigam has no Intention ol letting Ibis sport be only an endeavor of his youth. After he lakes his associate degree al CMC this fall, lie says, he'll go back lo Wyoming lo lead climbing with the idea of event u a l l y founding an ouldooi school of his own. really enjoy leaching," he says. " M o u n t a i n e e r i n g takes it camping, flora and f a u n a ant other Ihings along wilh climb ing. I Iry In show the student! how to enjoy il" He and olhiir climbers fron the college practice their art a least twice a week in the can ynns around Glenwood Springs Brudigam says such an area this, w i t h ut has taken many minor pills and has been hit by fall- ng rocks many times. You have In fall to climb," ic says. Discussing t h e inevitable top- ·· of motivation, he says he climbs m o u n t a i n s -- a n d sky lives, too--for (he same reason :hal other men play football or race cars: "Ti accomplish something, lo see what I can do." Mountaineers are liondcd to- gelher, he implies, by a common caplivalion with (he elcr- nal in contrast lo their own mnrlality--a contrast that is tot a l because nolh'mg on earth is more timeless than a mountain millions of years old or more flcelhig than a man's one life. PAKIS ( A P ) - Charles do Gaulle's children have filed $20,000 damage suit demanding ARLENE FRANCIS for PONTIAC Very lovely for Mom Very comfortable for Dad As comfortable io give as it is to receive .seizure of book containing its .abundance o deep canyons anil rock cliffs, is hound to good climbers. Although mountain climbing (he most dangerous quotations from Ihe lale president's work. The family, backed by Ihe Plon publishing house in suing journalist Andre Passeron, said Saturday il had the right to keep royalties on De Gaulle's work lo itself. I'asscron lias published a hook on the president lilled De Gaulle 1958-69" of which «5 of 320 pages contain quolcs and extracts from De Gaulle's speeches. . spoil in ihe world, he believes climbing accidents usually happen Iwcausc of Ihe climber's prior judgment and mild be prevented. VATICAN Pope CITY (AI : Paul VI says farmers tiierdorcl l m of lllc W0l ' ltl i)y !ll)llsivc use of pesticides and cxliausl- l i n g Ihe soil by uncontrolled use should he smimlh.of fertilizers. and well (hmiglil nul," lie says.j 'j'], c pope nn .Saturday lold "H's a science." j l h e Pontifical Academy of Scl- Jiid-mcnl is a word lie i«'s'mce that its memlx-rs should in I :hing! 70 lf mind ;» .·Vou Himciu i.s ' ^"ui in: "·-·-',- -- . arcdly in Uilking nliiml Pel-! TMch the farmer "to seek qual- s iciiiMncs on the stale of ' ' "illicr I h a n qiian ,ly since climber must maintain, go hey are den ,,g wilh the nutri- nlo Irouble H o me,, over llinl , v u , n i d i irst-Vnte cllm- hers go tin for years w i t h o u t a serious accident and ivilli lilllo fear if heights. Bnrdigani himself been h u r t has never seriously climbing, /crs so as not to exhaust his land hy d e m a n d i n g more I h a n il can yield, and nnl to contribute lo Ihe jiollnliiin of waters t h r o u g h the abusive use of i l l controlled pesticides," Ihe pon- t i f f asserted. Rich styling and deep sink-in comfort on yours in oil Ponfiac chairs. Available in Q wldb selection of popular colors in the latest B.F. Goodricli vinyls.Tliese rockers and recliners offer the ultimate in value and comfort. Newest styles and fabrics, including velvets, tweedi ( herculon,and DuPont 100% nylon are available, many for immediate delivery. ^ ftm Fine Jo/t ^'^p Fanulifcal -/ OVER 35 MODELS FROM WHICH TO CHOOSE ..,.-. LIBERTY WAS NOW AIL SIZES ALL MODELS JUST 12XS2 S6479 S4279 COMMODORE WAS NOW 12X60 S6796 $4779 KNOB HILL WAS NOW 12X60 $7987 $1679 $45 00 Spa« Rental Guaranteed For _ One Full Year IMMEDIATE POSSESSION with Purchase OF GREELEY 200 NO. 35th AVE. GREELEY PARK SALES OPEN DAILY 9 TO 9 353-3781 HUNTER MOBILE HOME SALES CO Stytelil Slyln 160 Open Evenings Until 8:30 (Except Saturdays Close at 5:30) Greeley Furniture Co. 2600 8th Ave. Telephone 352-5441

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