Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado on April 17, 1972 · Page 21
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Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado · Page 21

Greeley, Colorado
Issue Date:
Monday, April 17, 1972
Page 21
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Mon., April 17, 1972 GKEBLKY (Colo.) TRIBUNE 21 · Paiutes Typify Tragic Results of Meddling America l'r/"\O'n MnniTn rt i ... . .. .. . - ^^^. · ^^^ EDITOR'S. NOTE Conquered and stripped of their lands, the American Indians of the Intermountain West have long Hvcd in poverty and humiliation. Only in recent years have many of them begun to reassert their identities. This is the first of a scries in which newsmen explore developments in the newest struggles for self-determination--here featuring the Paiutes of Central End soulhern Utah. By GARRY J. Moes Associated Press Writer RTCHFIKLD, Utah (AP) More than 70 years ago a single act of anti-Indian sentiment ended Eddy Wickets' hopes for on education. Today the 81-year-old Paiute Bits lonely and isolated in a tumble-down shack on a former reservaiion--a living symbol of his broken and scattered people. The Paiutes typify the most, tragic results of white America's effort to control the destiny of ils predecessors on this continent. Ironically, the most recent chapter in the Paiutes' loss of identity results from an avowed effort to remove white control--an effort in which the U.S. government literally declared the Paiutes non-lnrlians. At the turn of the century, Eddy Wickets knew he was an Indian. He says he went to school only one day in his life, when he was a boy growing up in the now desolate area of Frisco in west central Utah. Threw Snowballs "Some white boys threw snowballs with rocks in 'em a me because they don't like In dian boy," says Eddy (he goes simply by Eddy, because he can't remember his last name) "I never went back to school. Eddy now spends his days Bitting in his dingy shack 01 what used to be the six-mile long reservation of the Kanosh band of Paiutes in Ihe shado\ of a mountain about a mile west of Kanosh, Utah. Only 20 members of the band remaii In the vicinity south of Fill more. Longshoremen Hit Refusal On Waqe Hike Moscow Uses Twig Brooms And Shovels To Fight Snow "My wife die, my sisler die, 11 my family die and all my eighbors die," says Eddy oinling to four deserted shacks n his lonely dirt road. "Some- imes I get lonesome, so I go to own to play pool." Eddy's only conslant compan- on is his dog Coyote, which re- emblcs a mix of cocker spa- iel and black bear cub. Eddy lives on a $70 a month constructed mostly of patches held together by pin-up pictures pasted to his four grimy walls. Furnishings include a table, a chair, a wood and coal burning stove and a pile of mats and blankels he calls his bed. Remnants of Paiute Nation The Kanosh band is one of move five disorganized remnants of nate" now where it comes from. "1 at enough and in winter I buy ome coal," he assures visilors. with other tribes in Indian settlements. According to the Paiules and the few white men who remain concerned about them, the mainstream of American life, present plight of the tribe But there was no transition stems from" the early 195fl's program, no advice, no dircc- when a U.S. Sen. Arthur Wal- the once-proud Paiufe nation nation from the federal aegis. velfarc pension, but he doesn't scattered throughout central groups have dispersed to other states and have become "lost" His liny home .appears to be in while communities or joined social and economic 1 aid. The Paiutes and the other 14 ribes were on their own--supposedly to assimilate into the in Congress to "termi- 15 Indian tribes in the them. The action cut off the 15 and southern Utah. Other small tribes from all federal assistance accorded other American Indians, including scholarships, health care, and every form ol tion, and, of course, no way of kins of Utah led a successful guaranteeing the mainstream of American life would accept Perplexed "I'm still perplexed at Arthur Walking," says Sevicr County Justice of the Peace A. Reed Blomquisl, who remains a leading advocate of Ihe Paiute cause By FRANK CREPEAU Associated Press Writer MOSCOW (AP) -- irst flakes of snow whiten the round in Moscow rmy attacks with in the world works so hard to The rhythmic rattle of twig brooms and the scrape, scrape, scrape of shovels can be heard far into the night if the snow holds out. They work quickly to get the snow out of their haliwicks and into the street where the machines can take over. Squads of burly, ruby- cheeked women, wearing orange vests to make them visible to drivers, swarm over the bridges and sidewalks with their shovels. Trucks start spreading sand and salt at major intersections and if snow depth reaches one SAN FRANCISCO (AP) -The West Coast longshoremen' union has launched an attack ii U.S. District Court against th Pay Board's refusal lo gran the full pay boost won in a 134- day strike. The Inlernalional Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union's complaint, filed Friday, did not ask the court to deter mine immediately the validity of the Pay Board's March 1C order in trimming a 20.9 per cent first year increase back to 14.9 per cent. But it did ask the judge to order lhat up to $20 million in disputed wages be placed in es crow pending final settlement of the matter. Pay Board Chairman George H. Boldt had instructed the em ployers' Pacific Maritime Asso ciation not to put the wage increase into an escrow fund as it had proposed March 21. U.S. District Court Judge Albert C. Wollenberg set April 26 for a show-cause hearing on the escrow issue. public services in this commu- rom twig brooms lo echelons When snow begins, thousands he broad avenues. No city as big as this metro- workers who clean courtyards Kdewalks--mobilize cts as much snow, and no city brooms and shovels. inch, hundreds of snow are dispatched. plows "We try to do everything to clear our streets as fast as possible," says Boris Lifshitz, head of Moscow's Department of Public Services. He said it can snow in Moscow from the beginning of October to mid-April and over the last 10 years the city has averaged nearly five feet of snow a winter. The urgency of the attack on snow is partly explained by a need to keep traffic moving. The life of this sprawling city depends to a great extent on the lumbering trucks, large and small, that carry everything from cabbages to bread, beer, gasoline, meat and structural steel. And only official cars whizz along on spiked snow tires In noved from major streets In 24 lours. The lime is extended for major storms, but the streets must be kept open in downtown flOSCOW. That means work round the lock. Lifshifz, a tall, black- rowed man who has been ighting snow for 20 years, said that from Nov. 1 to April li 'we have about 1,300 machines oil duty day and night." When heavy snow falls, the vaiting plows, trucks and load ng machines are dispatched rom 31 headquarters in the city. Once the snow is pushet o the sides of the streets, fleets of dump trucks move in ant nachines with crablike claws scoop up snow and convey it to the trucks. "In a difficult situation we use about 2,500 trucks," Lifshitz said. The trucks, plying meticu lously planned routes, dump most of the snow in the Moscow iliver from special ramps. A he ramps tliere are pairs o lig rotors agitating the wate .0 break up the snow and star it moving sluggishly down tlx river and out of town. Moscow. Moscow won't tolerate snowfall crippling the city as sometimes happens in New York City, for example. City government edicts specify tha an inch of snow must be re If the river freezes or be comes clogged with snow icebreaker ships move In t keep the channel open. Snow clearance is a vast en terprise in Moscow. 1 Lifshil said the entire operation In volves 8,000 persons and cosl between 10 million and 12 ml lion rubles per winter. That $12 million to $14.4 million the official exchange rate. And that's not counting tl thousands of dvorniki who ar assigned to buildings and apar ment blocks in the city. Wally Bruner Has Found Experience Best Teacher Richfield, just over the ountains from Eddy Wickets nely abode. "The Paiulcs were looked x)ii as the lowliest, most degr- ded Indians in America, and at damned cuss Watkins said ey could do as well as any lizen," says Bloinquist, who ports two large silver and tur- loise rings, a matching brace- te, watchband and siring tie id proudly announces how (he aiutes consider him one of eir own. Blomquist shepherds (lie retn- ants of the Koosharcm band in Richfield area. The Kanosh id Koorsharcm bands, plus iree other small bands, the In an Peaks band in wcslcn eaver County, the Cedar City and in Iron County, and the liivwilz band near St. George omprise the roughly 30C ^aiules in Utah. F o l l o w i n g termination lomqiiist. says, most of the 5 aiutes lost their former rcsei ation land when, due to pover l and unemployment, the, ere unable to buy their owi and, or if they could, lost it be ause of unpaid taxes. Most Forced !o Move Two brothers remain on tin rmer Koorsharcm rcscrva ion, and run a reasonably prol able farm. Blomquist says lln cst were forced to move t iichfield where (hey linye sun! ito despair and isolation, liv ig at first in "raggy tent: leir cluldren dying of pnci nonia and starvation.' Later, the Church of Jcsu Christ of Laller-day Saint ;ave a long-term lease on ny compound on the north em f Richfield known as Paiul 'illage. There a half-doze amilies live in segregation an nuslerily. Judge Blomquist puts th dame for the Paiulc's plight squarely on while men. "They didn't have iin nlcohol- sm problem before," he says, hut now almost every lasl They're not accepted into this the judge. "They're having a ecorated World War II vcter- ins, went to a tech school in x)s Angeles after the war, ould not find a job' anywhere, eturned to Richfield where ho iccame despondent and drifted nto alcoholism. He lells also of Claymonl fohii, a young Pauite who was sent by Blomquist to several chools, even with the. judge's lelp was unable to find a job in our states, enlisted in Ihe Army and was sent to Vietnam vhere he also became an alco- ommunily socially, economic- lly or any other way." Drifted Into Alcoholism He tells of one Paiute who, he change of attitude and have some pride in themselves." : Displays Pride Jenny Lee John displays a ays, was one of Utah's most zeable share of pride despite lolic. John has ippeared, leaving now dis- liis pretty wife Jenny Lee and four smal children to fend for themselves in a run-down house in Paiule Village. He lells of Kenneth Charles whom lie sent to a tech schoo! in Salt Lake City. Charles became a mechanic, but his family suffered such liarassmcn rom whites in Salt Lake, he moved back lo Richfield Blomquisl searched over four counties before finding him a job at allendent in the Navajo dorm at Ricbfieiri's Bureau o Indian Affairs school. Third Unemployed As for Ihe rest of the slate Paiutcs, about one-third arc unemployed, about a third an sporadically employed and UK remainder work at menia (asks, farm jobs or, as Blomquist pills it, "as junk co 1 lectors trying lo earn a few dol lars." Blomquisl says he kept al but two of the adult mal Pauites in the Richfield area in jail the entire winter because o alcoholism. Blomquist has submitted a! of Ihem lo (he county's new al coholic rehabilitation prograr during their incarceration, am all attend weekly meetings an er bitter circumstances. "I don't get help from anyone nri I dorft ask for it," she says 'ith a quiet smile. She lives off ome money her mother left er and $7,000 in federal land eltlement money. A friend, Mrs. Clarice Dixon, s not as charitable. We're treated like we're ome kind of slupid people round here," she says. "We on't get any respect. I don't "ike these LDS . people either she herself attends a Mormon liurcli)--they preach one thing about helping and loving other xople, but they do something Dixon says its "just not fair hat the government helps other Indians, but not us. How can adult male Paiule in this area report to his office daily fo s an alcoholic, and it's the damned stinkin' while man that caused it," growls the judge. progress checks. "This is the longest thcy'v been sober in 15 years," smile ,hey say we're vhen we are." not Indians the name to trust in )\T (arpet f and ^\ upholstery yX I cleaning \ 1 No soaking, no ^^S ccrubblng. Work : done In your homel Everything In use snine dayl for FREE estimate call : 352-9670 DURACLEAN SERVICE 1 3 1 4 6 t h Street SNOW FIGHTERS - When it snows in Moscow it really . snows, and the residents of the city attack the white stuff with everything from snowplows lo twig brooms. At lop, a snow loader scoops up snow from a street; in the center, women shovel snow on a square adjoining Gorky St., and at bottom, a snowplow clears the street along the Moscow River. Stripe Style . . and great knitcomfort, too. Easy-v/earin 1 mock turtle neck and loose-banded sleeves lake lo Ihe action, anywhere, any time. Quick care permanent press Dacron ® polyester and cotton, with Scotchgard® soil release. As you like i t . . . KNIT. By VIVIAN BROWN AP Newifeaturei There is no such thing as a born do-it-yourselfer and television personality Wally Bruner is no exception. He learned the hard way--by doing some projects for a living. As a youth he scrubbed walls and worked as a paper hanger, his interest whelted and sustained by growing up in Tell City, Ind., where "building furniture was the nain endeavor." He went on to his own home projects--stripping wall paper, anding floors, building kitchens, carpeting staircases and nstalling an aluminum siding-- vhile in the media business. He urned to broadcasting as a stu lent at Indiana University and jecame weatherman for a local tation. The host of television's 'What's My Line," Bnmer has another half-hour TV show, 'Wally's Workshop" on which ie is assisted by his wife, Na- alie. They show others how to do it, and sometimes how-not(Klo-it. They refurbished an 18-room, 25-year old house in Washingtonville, N.Y., and are now remodeling their latest home, a 0-room Georgian Colonial on 'our acres in Indianapolis. Tl munsingwearit *KAVY » CORN i RED * WHITE « MAUVE AMBER « ROOT BEER * IT. BLUE * 01IVE B U Y N O W - P A Y LATER MIKEL5 CHARGE MASTER CHARGE BANKAMERICARD lasn't 1008. been redecorated since On .(he show they -are likely o cover such tricky projects as installing ceramic tile or room dividers or they might tell how t antique furniture. Wally hat (his advice for beginners, baser on his own experiences: -Measure everthing twice cut once. --Find somebody who knows how fo do whatever you want to do and then find out how to do it from him. --Never ask advice of a com mercial store unless the owner is past 60. And he thinks little can he learned from hooks on the subject, although there are somi good ones. The trial and error system may be tedious, but it give you time to work out a prob lern, and you might just comi up with an innovation. But n mailer how good an amateu is, he still can blunder. Bu Ihcn do profesjrionals ever tc! when their own figures awry? A colossal job was stripping ),000 square feet of wide- lank, 130-year old flooring, eeping the age marks. They scd trisodium phosphate. Bruer learned "it is good for all or Is of stripping jobs." He Is proudest perhaps of aving remodeled old wall pan- ling bought from a New York uilding. He disassembled, emilered and reassembled the moldings to fit a room of his ouse. It took four months to do ne room. He has false-grained hot wa- cr baseboards. After using pri- ·ner and a yellow ground color, ct it dry and apply oil stain, he idvises. The effect you gel iffer that is determined by the ools you use. You can get an authentic look by brushing it vith a turkey feather, but cam- 1 hair brushes may be just as ffeclive. In their new house the Bru ners are installing wide plank walnut flooring, leaving three' ourths of an inch around the room for expansion. When a new floor is put over an cxisl- ng one, It must be laid al right angles, he advises. A confirmed do-it-yourselfer really gets to the point where ie doesn't even want to buy his moldings. He enjoys doing hem himself. Wally likes to carve headers and crown mold he has been working with a minimum of ngs. Although :ools--hand power saw, mitre ward, electric jig and orbital sander--he plans lo add a radial arm saw to his workshop. He doesn't believe you need a lasement full of equipment to do 95 per cent of the jobs around the house. He and Na- alic do all projects together and he Is proud of her do-it- yoursell acumen. She had nev- :r been exposed to anything ol the sort until four years ago. "In a way we are trying lo prove that women can do mos of the things that aro done around the house," he com mtnls. VJNTON IN WESTERN NEW YORK (AP) - Singer actor Bobby Yin ton will have a role in "The Train Robbers,' starring John Wayne. Also ir the western film are Ann-Mar grel, Tlod Taylor and Ben John son. Location will b« Durargo Mexico. Double knit pants. For dressing in measure. Start spring In pants of polyester double Lots of pastels, colors fn sizes lOfolS. 19 8 JCPenney The values are here everyday. OPEN MON.THRU F R I . T J L L 8 : 3 0 ; SAT.TILL6 CHARGE IT! ,1 I i i I l i i i I 'I'liMBMail

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