Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado on May 26, 1977 · Page 4
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Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado · Page 4

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Thursday, May 26, 1977
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Tribune Editorial Page Opinion - Analysis - Interpretation Thurs...\Iay26.ISJ7 Pause and Ponder Page 4 These things I have spoken unto you, that in Me ye might have peace. In the world ye shall have tribulation: but be of good cheer; Ihaveovercomethewor!d.-Johnl6:33 For young people, job hunting hard work While the unemployment rate for the entire labor force was 7.4 per cent during the first three months of this year, it was even much higher for teen-agers. Of all persons between 16 and 19 years old, 18.6 per cent were jobless, including 37.8 per cent of blacks in that age group. This is a discouraging fact for young people who will be seeking summer employment, and it is an especially somber condition for those teenagers who are trying to enter the labor market on a full-time basis. Students who have not applied themselves while in school or have been the victims of poor teaching are finding themselves handicapped. They lack even the fundamental skills, such as the ability to read, write and spell. And a great many teen-agers, of course, have no marketable skills. These students can enter community educational programs that can help them improve or develop skills. Another hope for them is President Carter's proposed $1.5 billion program to provide about 200,000 jobs for young people. In addition to providing "three new initiatives" to provide training and jobs, the President's program would double the size of the Jobs Corps. It is encouraging in light of the tight job market for teen-agers to learn from Editorial Research Reports that the Job Corps, criticized as ineffective in its early years, is now thought to be vastly improved. Most of the 61 existing centers are operated by companies under contract to the Labor Department, and unions often participate in the training process. In the four months ended Jan. 30, 44 per cent of the Phoenix Jobs Corps Center's graduates found jobs and 21 per cent ended up in school or the military. "I consider that a success," Secretary of Labor F. Ray Marshall told a Wall Street Journal reporter. "I hope we can improve the figures, but these are people with problems. When you can take 65 per cent of them and get them a job or school, or in the Army, that's pretty good." As for the young people seeking summer employment, success for many is going to depend on pounding the pavement, pouring over the "help- wanted" columns, or spending a lot of time telephoning and writing letters. Not many young people are likely to find the jobs coming to them. The Los Angeles Times recently carried an article with some advice for young people who find the prospect of a summer job in Europe alluring. Such jobs often require 10 hours of work a day, six days a week and leave little free time for travel. "Typical job categories include retail, farm, hospital, hotel, restaurant and factory work," the article said. "Wages likely will cover room, board and personal expenses, but not transatlantic transportation nor fees a placement agency charges..." Many young people who want work this summer will also find that it means taking jobs they consider to be demeaning, inconvenient or unglamorous. A vocational counselor at Houston's Yates High School told U.S. News World Report: "The work ethic is dead. Somewhere along the line, people have lost sight of pride in what they do. Kids no longer realize that whatever job they have, it has some dignity. For example, they hold the trashman in low esteem, but where would we all be without him?" Editorial samplings By United Press International The Dallas Morning News To confront the energy crisis fairly and effectively, to keep down the rate of inflation and decrease unemployment, President Carter has warned wisely that we all must give a little here and there, sacrifice, compromise our objectives. But as we read news dispatches throughout the country, we wonder whether his appeal applies to governmental bodies themselves, and to the extremists in the environmental movement who are adamant in their demands, regardless of the crisis at hand. For instance: Does it make sense... to increase strip mine coal production if the fuel can't be burned because of federal and state pollution restrictions. ...Can't the environmentalists give a little, if everybody else is supposed to? ...To achieve what he wants, and what the country needs, the President should insist on every economic and social group "giving a little" if compromise and sacrifice are essential. TheProvidence (R.I.) Journal-Bulletin While Mr. Castro is busily getting involved in Africa, he confronts serious economic problems at home, and this fact should give Washington- some diplomatic leverage ... a logical and mutually beneficial deal would be for Havana and Washington to lift the trade embargo once Havana withdraws it's military cadres from Africa. But this may be much harder than it appears to outsiders. Moscow, which has poured billions of rubles into Cuba, is calling many of the shots for Mr. Castro, and his freedom to strike any major accord with the Americas may be sharply limited. The old policy of trying to isolate Castro, far from working as hoped, has been counterproductive. But if Cuba really wants the United States to open the door and begin to rebuild a historic friendship, it first will have to stop acting as Moscow's puppet in kindling conflict abroad, and Africa is the place to start. Progress report on man-powered flight By PAUL HARVEY More than a year ago you and I decided that it's tune for men to fry. Physically we are stronger. Technologically we have lighter, stronger components for man-made wings. There is no reason that man cannot take off -- under his own muscle-power -- and fly. He to! It's time for a progress report on man- powered flight. A year ago we were watching with special interest as an inventor named Joe Zinno prepared to take off in a flying bicycle at Quonset Point, R.I. He did. He flew 60 feet at an altitude of 12 to 14 inches. Then he went to work to make his machine even lighter and, next time out, a wing collapsed. Back to the drawing boards. But at the same time and since, others have been taking off and flying a variety of man-powered vehicles. Taras Kiceniuk - the bang-glider expert -- constructed a computerized airfoil which was kept aloft with muscle power at El Mirage Dry Lake in California for a few seconds on two different occasions. The Japanese, characteristically strong for their wiry smaQness, are moving ahead of us toward the objective. It became an engineering project at Nihon University In Japan in 1961. Now that research project is coming out with a new, improved design every year. Japan's present best-performing wing Is covered with styrene paper. Its power transmission system to the propeller behind the cockpit has been improved with a belt drive. In 1972 the Japanese university acquired a new airfield with suitable hangars and a 620-meter runway for straight-line test flights. It was there last March 14 that a Japanese pilot flew 445 meters (1,462 feet) -and he was aloft for 57 seconds. When straight-and-level flight is realized more efficiently, they will concentrate on "turning" -- up to now a difficult maneuver with the elongated Age -- to fly like the birds - has been realized. Now the fame and the accumulating cash prizes will go to the first person to overcome the fragility of his wings. (c) 1977, Las Angeles Times Syndicate ' 1 GOT YOU THIS FAR. P1PNT I ?" Expects AAenahem Begin to be responsible prime minister ByMAXLERNER NEW YORK CITY - Menahem Begin had to wait long to become Israel's prime minister, but now he has made it. Despite his recent heart attack, the new leader of whatever coalition government he merges has a strong will. When you have waited almost 30 years for the desired prize, and it is finally yours, you are unlikely to handle it rashly. You'll do everything possible to hold on to it. That is why I am in a minority in believing that Begin will prove a responsible prime minister, not an inflexible one. The former Irgun leader, who headed the terrorist freedom campaign against the British, had a reputation to live down. The truth is that he is now an Israeli nationalist -- scornful of socialism, determined to drive a hard bargain in the peace negotiations, but not rigidly set against them. Some of the Arab spokesmen profess to be shaken by the gains that Begin's Likud Party bloc has made in the Knesset. But have they reflected that Arab militancy may have something to do with the results? Only in the last few days have there been vague reports that the Palestine Liberation Organization (FLO) may accept the principle of Israel's right to exist. Is it surprising that a third of the Israeli voters should cast their ballots for a strong national identity for Israel? I was myself disappointed in the election results. My hope was that ' Siimon Peres andhisMapai Party would win a plurality, because I like his mixture of tough-mindedness and liberalism. But only an innocent about Israeli politics could have been unaware of the groundswell for the opposition parties, including Yigal Yadin's new party and also Begin's old one. The reasons were many but not abstruse. The obvious ones were inflation and the Labor Party political scandals. Less obvious was the impact of the present trend, in America and elsewhere, toward support for a Palestinian state. The Carter people were caught totally by surprise at the results. "Wow! I'll be damned," was the reaction of one American official. They didn't reckon with the sense of insecurity among the Israelis, especially among the growing number of working-class Sephardic emigrants from southern and eastern countries. This flowed largely from President Carter's curious vacillations in his public statements on Israel. At one point he spoke of its "defendable boundaries," which elated the Israelis -- until he defined "defendable" out of existence. His crackdown on the sale of American arms abroad depressed them. A few days before Israeli elections he assured President Assad of Syria of a "homeland" for the Palestinians. It was a bombshell whose impact was not erased by his later assurance that America has a "special relationship" with Israel. There is such a thing as being so "open" in one's diplomacy that it gets battered by every new current of opinion and becomes a cave of the winds. If Begin were wise and generous enough, he would form a government of By The Associated Press Today is Thursday, May 26, the 146th day of 1977. There are 219 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this date in 1868, an attempt to impeach President Andrew Johnson was defeated in the Senate by one vote. On this date: In 1790, Tennessee was organized as a territory. In 1805, Napoleon Bonaparte was crowned King of Italy. In 1864, the Montana Territory was organized. Today In History national unity with ail the major parties in it, and work in harness with Shimon Peres of Labor, Yigal Yadin of the New Democratic Movement and Yosef Bourg of the National Religious Party. Israel's crisis is sharp enough to justify such a unity cabinet, even if it meant compromising Begin's territorial views. . At 64. with a damaged heart, Begin would do well to concentrate his labors on thenext few years, get a breakthrough in the peace negotiations, cut the labor strikes and the inflation and heal the eroded morale of the people. But I fear he won't do it. Instead he will probably form a coalition -- probably with the religious parties -- to give him a working majority and try to show the nation and the world that he is not a zealot but a practical-minded leader. Remember that 10 years ago, Just before the Six Day War, Begin broke through the iron bands of political ostracism and joined the Labor coalition government as minister without portfolio. After the 196? elections his party bloc (then called Gahal) had six seats in the coalition cabinet, and he didn't resign untjl 1|70_ Begin has seen himself as a special guardian of the territorial integrity of Israel and thus seems to have been moved by a kind of territorial imperative. But Begin in power may turn out to have a broader perspective and be a different man from Begin in opposition. It wouldn't be the first time in history that a nationalist politician, coming out of a long political exile, became a true national leader, (c) 1977,'Los Angeles Times Syndlcite In 142, during World War II, Britain and the Soviet Union signed a 20-year treatyofalliance. In 1962, European extremists in Algiers bombed and burned out 18 elementary school buildings. In 1970, prices on the New York Stock Exchange hit their lowest level in eight years after a steep 17-month slide. Ten years ago: The Pentagon disclosed that an American navy plane had mistakenly crossed over Chinese territory during a bombing mission against targets in North Vietnam. Five years ago: In Moscow, President Richard Nixon and Soviet leaders signed two arms agreements, limiting the growth of U.S. and Soviet nuclear arsenals. One year ago: The 24 countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, meeting in Paris, agreed on a code of conduct for multinational corportions. Today's birthdays: Actor John Wayne is 70 years old. Former White House consultant William Magruder is 54. Thought for today: A little gossip goes a long way -- anonymous. Should we tamper with Mother Nature? A Japanese pilot last June 4 made a deliberate ISMegree turn successfully. But on his next try at completing the circle, while turning right, the left wing broke. So man-powered flight remains a demanding challenge for designer!. Gerry Ritz, once world glider champion, has secluded himself at a farm In northern Wisconsin, determined to build a practical man-powered biplane. Dr. Paul MacCready has built a 95-foot wing with a wing loading of only three ounces per square foot. It flies -- but it can't handle even a 2 mile an hour breeze. So the dream of man since the Stone By ROSCOE DRUMMOND WASHINGTON - We are at the opening of an epochal battle, probably without precedent in human history. Only twice before has mankind faced such potentials for good or evil. One came from the prospect of global disaster stemming from atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons. Self- preservation forced Washington and Moscow to accept a ban on such testing. The other relates to our Apollo moon landings, and the fear that the astronauts and the moon rocks might bring some plague to the earth. The result: a costly and elaborate method of decontamination and isolation -- that turned out to be unnecessary. Today's danger stems from the current tinkering in research laboratories with genetic materials -- the basic elements of life. Today molecular biologists can transplant genes from one species of living organism to another. New types of life can be created, with genetic make- ups unknown to Mother Nature. Possible benefits from all this are impressive: a cure for cancer, made-to- order organisms to clean up pollutants, plants that can take nitrogen directly from the air. But possible disasters are also impressive: creation of new diseases, gene combinations that would disrupt present evolutionary processes, creation of organisms that man could not control or destroy if found harmful, the cloning of Individuals -- that is, the reproduction of any number of genetically identical individuals. Is genetic engineering the "pot of gold" at the end of the rainbow of science research, or is it a "Pandora's box" which, if opened, might destroy life and upset the evolutionary process? Put bluntly, it is a case of unknown benefits stacked against unknown risks. The specter of some "Andromeda Strain," being loosed on earth or the cloning of a race of Hitlers or Amins can't be dismissed easily. With genetic research going on in more than 80 universities and research centers in this country -- not to mention many other places in the world -- as well as in several private companies, how to control genetic engineering research is no theoretical question. Three years ago Science magazine called for a moratorium on recomblnant DNA research, which allows snips of genetic material from wholly unlike creatures to be spliced Into something that Mother Nature never Imagined. More than a year ago the prestigious National Academy of Sciences called for federal regulation of research Into etic engineering. Last year the N ATIONAL Institute of Health issued guidelines for such research, but'only covering work being done under federal grants. The National Academy of Sciences ·staged a three-day public discussion on regulation, studded with accusations, injults, even a protest demonstration, an Indication of how. high emotions are running on this subject. Today there are a half-dozen bills before Congress 'on how to regulate genetic research. In cities where universities are doing genetic research local city councils are drawing up their own protective measures. But it should be quite obvious that adequate genetic research control is more than a local or even national problem. It becomes a global or International problem- when the implications of its possible abuses and risks are considered. England and Canada have set up some basic standards for genetic research. Several European countries are also establishing their own standards. But we know little about what the Soviet Union or Red China is doing. So the immediate need is for nations engaged in genetic engineering, or intending to do so, to get together and work out agreed rules for the common protection of all against runaway genetic research that could endanger all. We might remember that just last year, a Princeton junior drew up a blueprint for building an atomic bomb simply by consulting the library and scientific journals. Scientists, foreign agents, industrialists, even some Hollywood agents have beaten a path to his door. So why not some Harvard or MIT student In a year or two creating a new life form in Me basement to astound the science world? But 'without safeguards and regulations it could be a form that would play havoc with man's environment and his health. So the basic question Is not whether we should fool Mother Nature, but whether we should fool with Mother Nature! (c) 1977, Los Angeles Times Syndicate Greeley Dally Tribune And The Greeley Republican Published every week day evening M through Friday and Saturday mornmo by the Tr.bune.Republkan Publishing Co Olluc ;il Ith St.. Greelty. Colo.. lg»i. Prion , ,,, , m MIIJIIIKIMIAXSrA I.Klli KMKMIi .IAKKKS-nilrK.il, ···TM..sr lliHIKin-ttlDM \|i , ' A.I. I'KT1(HSK.\ · . ,, ',,"'" JUIK.su III||K ^'"| S cond.cl.. s ooilage paid ,t or.eley Cols. S»b!(riplion rale: 11.00 per month. Member ol Ihe Associated P ress , United Press International, Los Angeles Times Syndicate features, Colorado Press Assn., Inland Daijy Press Assn., Audit Bureau of Circulations. Issued to the TribunrJopublican Pub. iisning Co. by Greeley ,Typo. graphical Union No. 585,' "£··'-

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