Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado on April 11, 1973 · Page 14
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Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado · Page 14

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Greeley, Colorado
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Wednesday, April 11, 1973
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Page 14
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Wed., April 11,1171 UHBELEY (Colo.) TRIBUNE 15 Later years in captivity less harsh on POWs, Denton says | ( , By CAPT. JEREMIAH A. . ,. ; Al Told to. Kathryu Johnson ,; 5: ! . Aswcblcd Press Writer ',',,j4"shall only briefly summa- JiV^ the remainder of our ex- jierience in Hanoi. Camp Unity consisted of roughly one-half of the entire ··Hanoi Hilton. In general, there nwere seven rather large barn- Jike, buildings, some holding ! pearly 50 men at capacity, others accommodating somewhat /!($?·. · . ' ,' ^hm occupied to capacity, the men slept practically shoulder to shoulder. There were a yew" smaller, buildings for special purposes, including some ' t w'ifh. cells used for punishment 'SUcli as stocks, solo and a rath- "erVare beating or torture pre- '' Vlflusly mentioned as applicable ^ijfthis period. ''"'As for 'recreation conditions, ''IHe Ping Pong and pool which ·''hatf been phased in during '70 'were discontinued, but we were ''permitted some daily outside time on a building-by-building "ba"sis. · '" Over-all camp organization "*»«' immediately set up under "the command of Verne Ligon i'With Robby Risner, Jim Stock'"dale and me as three principal ''Staff officers. Covert communication between all buildings was good and the V more or Jess tacitly ignored it most of |he time. u Let me emphasize that, by Jhe term V, we POWs meant S/ietnamese Communists, not ^he Vietnamese in general, in- {£luding our dear allies in the fcouth. J Some important policies were promulgated. One of our first major problems arose when the ftV insisted we could hold church ·services in groups no larger' Shan eight, and we strongly de- Sired full-building participation. if We ignored their order; and, ^t the showdown, some men ueading prayers at that service Bvere forcibly removed from the ibuilding, including Risner, jjfowie Rutledgc and George Co- Ser. r This removal was followed by Jhe rest of us defiantly singing Hhe Star Spangled Banner at She top of our voices, a two-day ·tastand general noncooperation 'with the V. [/the immediate result of the Ijiowdown was that Ligon, jjtockdale and I were isolated £nd put in stocks in a building rnade up of cells. i; As camp instability continued, the V found it advisable to Bhnounce within a few days of jvfhat they called "the church riot" a change in policy per- Hjitting all the large buildings to have the church services we pad demanded. f~The isolated senior officers jiyere excluded from this room. However, we conducted church Services on Sundays, Christmas and other religious holidays in our building, too, in defiance of bieir order by talking and sing- jijg together under the cell (Jbors or through Ihn vent hole Ibove the door. I'-, A few weeks later, all senior Officers-- lieutenant colonels, commanders and above-- were Isolated in this same building i5,ith more put in stocks. S?This turned nut lo be fortuitous in some ways because $e seniors were thence united $ith the senior POW, John P. pijlynn, who had been recently isolated in this same building along with Dave Wynn, Jim i^ean and Norm Gaddis. !:"· Largely because of the efforts i$ Rutledge, we seniors were ·able to maintain contact with the rest of Camp Unity. FJynn conceived and implemented the organization called Th Fourth Combined POW Wing. The group was generally patterned along Air Force organizational lines but John leaned over backwards to insure influential staff input from naval officers. Meanwhile, in January 1971, we had started phasing in a voluntary program which we called the letter moratorium (MT). the MT consisted of our writing some, simple truths in our letters home, such as "I need warmer clothes," or "I've had no letter for six months," or "I think the prison authorities are taking some things from the packages 1 you send me." The V would not accept these letters for transmission home and eventually a very high percentage of us were thus unable to send letters home. We never refused our privilege to write home under the Geneva Convention, hut we knew the letters were unacceptable to the V and hoped that the MT would arouse public awareness at home of the fact that all was not yet peaches and cream at the Hanoi Hilton. The thrust of our resistance continued to pressure the V toward granting us Geneva Convention status or al least -toward major improvements in our treatment. Particularly, we tried hard to erode the V's reluctance to allow the seniors to act as representatives for the men in their own buildings. Before the end, we had accomplished that objective and also received considerable other improvements. There were many other personnel moves too numerous to mention, but from September 1971 until February of 1973, nine seniors--including Flynn, Gaddis, Wynn, Slockdale, Jenkins, Mulligan, Rutledge, Col. Jim Hughes and myself--were moved to an even more isolated section than the other seniors. As a whole, treatment continued to improve at a graduated series of rates in which the main body of the "regular" PWs were granted up to several hours a day for exercise, 'slowly granted a few books other than propaganda lo read, and got some notebooks and pens. The senior officers received these improvements At a much slower rate than the main body of PWs, and it was only a few days before release that the seniors were able to mix outside with the main body and had access to basketball, volleyball and Ping Pong. · I believe it was 12 December 1972 when we nine most isolated seniors got notebooks and a few books to read. We had grown so hungry for intellectual material that I practically memorized a world map when I finally got a visual intellectual aid. Monthly movies were begun in 1972; and although heavily propagandized at first, they gradually yielded to our demands for pure entertainment. In the interest of accuracy, some did have notebooks for a few weeks in 1909 until I ordered them turned back in because the V were collecting and holding them for such a long time that I feared they were being used for propaganda. Also, the dissemination of notebooks to all was taking place too slowly. Part of our over-all problem, arising as early as the start of the treatment change in 1969, was that we had to strike a correct balance between demanding and accepting improved treatment. The V generally were willing to grant improved treatment, but in their own fashion, while we had to avoid traps in which they contrived appearances so as to misrepresent our relations with them or to deliberately distort the over-all history of our treatment. Except for a few, we tried very hard to find this correct balance. I may have been among those who were scrupulous to a fault in this effort; and both we and the V, through through on comprehensive plans to account for those who are still missing in action. . My deepest personal feelings upon release were compressed into the brief statement I made when, as senior officer on the first plane out, I had the fortuitous duty to speak for the initial group of American POWs to return to freedom. However, the deep changes which. were burned into my soul during those 91 months can never be fully expressed. I don't believe I learned any-. thing revolutionary new during that period. However, I think some truths were forged more deeply into my. consciousness as a result of pressures and especially as a result CAPT. DENTON REMEMBERS -- Former prisoner of war, U.S. Navy Capt. Jeremiah Denton pinches his chin as he remembers details of the eight years of isolation and torture in ; Hanoi during an exclusive interview with Kathryn Johnson of the Associated Press. Denton, who led the first group of prisoners off the plane in the Philippines lives in Virginia Beach, Va. (AP Wirephoto) mutual misapprehension, may have unduly slowed the progress of the improvement of treatment. At Camp Unity, while we successfully resisted relatively ' light V efforts toward exploitation, we did have some .major problems with morale and a few with discipline. Flynn's superb leadership was a major factor in keeping us on track. Like most of us, I feel proud of our record. One regret I have now is that, although all known American PWs have been released, we know from POW Ernie Brace that two of our Thai friends, Chai Cham Harnavee and Napadom Wang Chom, have still not been released despite the agreement which stip- uates the release of all military personnel. Harnavee particularly came to be a dear friend of many of us, and I am sure we all prepared to take rigorous action in an effort to obtain his and his countrymen's release. I am gratified that our nation appears prepared to follow of the capabilities of deeper thought and a closer relationship with God which I found during the long periods of solitude. I promised God that I'd synthesize some thoughts about these truths which I think apply particularly today and express them as clearly as possible in a book within my first year of freedom. I prayed that I shall have the perserverance and opportunity to keep that promise. The profits of the book, if any, would go to charity, as would any other remuneration which mght accrue from narrations dealing with my experiences in the performance of duty. The many brave acts of heroism by my fellow prisoners which I observed were too numerous to detail in these unofficial recollections giving only an outline containing some details of my own experiences. Through official channels, I shall take pains to really detail these heroic acts. And each man's personal story will he a history in itself. EPA spells out water act requirements s ['i| By STAN BENJAMIN lion Control Act. EPA's definition of "secon- The policy paper, signed by ".I Associated Press Writer The act itself set three major dary treatment," for example, EPA Administrator William D. ,a deadlines: was originally due last Febru- Ruckelshaus last Feb. 27, notes "»WASHINGTON (AP) -- The --By July.l, 1977, dischargers ary. that municipalities "have until Environmental Protection must apply "best practicable Also running behind is the April 1973 to file their appli- Kgency says more than 56,000 technology" or "secondary distribution of $5 billion in fed- cations, which substantively Sjaste-discharge permits must, treatment" to reduce water pol- eral grants for construction of postpones permit issuance for tjfc approved by the end of next lution. EPA has still to define municipal waste-treatment fa- municipal treatment works un- Vear to begin bringing water '^ inqf ' terms. /^ilitmc in fi«nnl ifm anH 1074 1:1 cicnai ,»na- nm " pollution under control. N The permits, issued either by MPA or by states with EPA-ap- woved programs, include re- ally achievable," another lerm DUiremenls designed to achieve yet to be explained, and rivers tional clean-water standards, and lakes should be clean those terms. --By Ju'y l 19B3 controls must be upgraded to "best available technology economic- [·' EPA's deadline of Dec. 31, enough to swim in. 1(074, for issuing these permits -By 1985, Congress said, the cilities in fiscal 1973 and 1974. The EPA paper indicated only about $500 million would be distributed by the end of fiscal 1973. Construction grants will be concentrated, said EPA, on areas that need extra controls til fiscal year Once municipal permits do begin to flow,' said the policy .paper, "significant dischargers with long abatement schedules should be targeted first." Ruckelshaus, in a letter , to meet water-quality stand- jwas only one step in a complex goal would be to eliminate vir- a rds, and on construction of transmitting the document to jjiratcgy made public al a wa- lually all polluting discharges, ireatment plants rather than all water-quality officials, de- Jcr-pollution conference here a The EPA strategy does not collection sewers. The strategy scribed it as "a public state- Jffcw days ago. havc lnat P art f i8 urc ^ out y et ' will concentrate on the 1977 tar- ment of EPA's intentions for a K i n a 61-page policy paper, and some critics of the law say gets. decade of water-pollution con- Being circulated to slate offi- zero discharge is Impossible. Permit-Issuance will be em- trol." Hut he added that "It will E Is, EPA spelled out for the EPA's strategy emphasizes phasizcd first in areas needing be revised annually to reflect it time what is required of priorities for state and federal extra controls, focusing on In- the changing circumstances of cral and state governments action, and a general timetable dustrial and agricultural dis- the national abatement pro- Kb fulfill the 1972 Water Pollu- that has already begun to slip, chargers. gram." · FISH CAKES FISH STICKS BREADED STEAKS Booth Fisher Boy by Booth, Chef Quik Just Heat ·W Eat Lb. Rich Flavor No. 2'/2 Can ^·0 ^^ I · !· BH Butternut PEACHES CATSUP s-. O9 £ PEANUT BUnER 2 89 C FLOUR MARGARINE Shurfresh Corn Oil Sinton's 2 Lb. Ctn. COTTAGE CHEESE 69 C FABRIC SOFTENER r 89 C CIGARETTES =r FROZEN FOOD BUYS ORANGE JUICE GRAPE JUICE TOPPING Real Whip Quart Carton GRAPEFRUIT 6 49 U.S. No. 1 Premium Red POTATOES 89 C GREEN ONIONS 2,19 C JERRY'S MARKET 513 14th Avenue Prices Good Through Monday, April 16 Open 8 a.m. to 9 p.m. 6 Days A Week

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