Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado on April 11, 1973 · Page 9
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Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado · Page 9

Greeley, Colorado
Issue Date:
Wednesday, April 11, 1973
Page 9
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food additive · ·»*···· By JOHN STOWELL "-'·· · Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON (AP) - New concern is being expressed about the. safety /of 'synthetic food colors as a 1 federal ban took effect Tuesday against a widely used violet dye recently shown to cause cancer. "The Violet No. 1 ban should be a reminder thai artificial colorings constitute the single most questionable class of food additives," says microbiologisl Michael K. Jacobson, co-director of the Center for Science in the Public Interesl. "None has been adequately tested," he said. "Many colorings have been found lo cause cancer or damage lo internal organs of the body." '- Man has been dyeing ',-_* for thousands of years and, es- ' Tipecially in earlier periods, dy- ! .t ing as a consequence. ' - " The first colors were designed lo make food more ap- ,, , _ .pealing or lo promole fraud. In the early 1800s a woman .dropped dead after ealing pick". les, colored green with copper sulfate, supplied by her hairdresser. And in I860 a druggist supplied the color for a calerer's green pudding served al a pub- · lie dinner. Two guests were killed by the copper arsenile. In Ixmdon watered milk was camouflaged with yellow coloring until 1925. And in Manchester, England, a lea shop slock- ed copper arsenile, lead chromate and indigo lo color used tea leaves for resale. "It is underslandable that at- tiludes loday toward legitimate use of color in foods somelimes reflect the fact lhal for over 2,- ·; 000 years a common purpose of ' adding color was lo defraud the -; consumer or lo disguise adul- '·.- leralion," the National Academy of Sciences said in a 1971 report. The Industrial Revolution in Ihe mid-19lh Century spurred development of more-si;able coal-tar dyes. The danger of impurities was mil understood - 'j . and Ihey often were used in- · discriminately. "Unfortunately, when Ihey had a bad batch of lexlile color they'd sell il In Ihe guy who wanted to dye food," said Keith H. Heine, colors expert in the Food and Drug Administration Most Easier egg dyes and food colors used by housewives are certified products, according lo FDA officials. Jacobson said in his book "Eater's Digest" lhal Ihe FDA expedited approval of Violet No. 1 at the behest of Malcolm . Carroll, former manager of Al-lied Chemical Corp.'s certified - color division, so t h a t Ihe company could gear tip for Ihe 1951 Easter egg coloring season and fall candy order, v .^ r Today, as pharmacologists .and lexicologists refine Iheir techniques, purified derivatives of coal tar'/are being studied anew to determine if they cause 'cancer, birlh defects' or genetic mutations. A German scienlisl began the first federally funded safety testing of coal-tar dyes in 1900. Seven were selected for listing in the 1906 Pure Food and Drugs Act. ' Federal certification for purity was voluntary until 1938, when it became mandatory for Ihe 15 colors Ihen on Ihe list About 50 colors now are ce'rti - .fiable in the United Slates, to make strawberries red even after cooking, mint-flavored gelatin green, and orangeless drinks orange. Even pel food may be colored. "Animals are color blind bul it seems lhat Iheir ownersl aren't," Heine said. Bateh-by-batch certification] is not required for anolhei class of colors, including coch-l ineal which is extracted from| (he bodies of insecls. The 1938 law was black ant while on the question oY safety forcing Ihe FDA lo delist sev eral dyes and threatening near ly all because al very high do sages Ihey mighl cause harm lo lest animals. The 1960 Color Additive? Amendment allowed Ihe agency to set safe, limits for use, bu imposed an automatic ban on any dye inducing cancer in man or animal. At leasl a dozen dyes have been banned or partially banned since 1919 because ol Ihe controversial supposition lhal, if Ihey pose a threat lo animals, they're dangerous lo man as well. An estimated four million pounds of dyes are added to U per cent of Ihe U.S. food supply each year. The amounl. is increasing rapidly with development of fabricated foods lacking the ingredients if not Ihe nutrients of Ihe natural products .they imitate. The NAS has estimated per capita consumption of dyes at. .012 pounds annually. Violet No. 1, banned starting today, had been in use for 22 years and, as recently as March 1972, received a clean bill of health from the academy bul with recommendation for further studies. Chinatown in Vancouver, British Columbia, encompasses an 11-block area but only about one-sixth of the counlry's 45,000 Chinese live there. Jacobson petitioned for the dye's removal but was turned down. In the meantime, usage increased twcnlyfold lo more than 33 tons last year for coloring food, drugs, cosmetics and meat ink used by Agriculture Department graders and inspectors. Early this year Japan turned over to the FDA confidential summaries of two rat-feeding studies, with strong evidence that Violet No. 1 causes cancer. The ban poses tin immediate and perhaps costly problem for industry, which had made increasing use of the violet dye mixed with a relatively, new color, Red No. 40, lo produce a shade similar to Red No. 2. The latter has been under strong attack by consumer groups. Development of a new -dye and safety studies cost a minimum of $500,000, according to Heine. FDA expects to complete its own tests on Red No.,2 soon. The dye accounts for about 85 per cent of all colors added to food, especially beverages. The Health Research Group, affiliated with Ralph Nader, has petitioned FDA lo ban Red No. 2 because of recent Russian studies indicating lhat il interferes with animal reproduction. Other dyes suspected of lox- icily are allowed in limited amounts. Citrus Red 2, for example, can be used only to color Ihe skins of Florida oranges to cover the mottled green appearance late in Ihe year. In amounts up lo 150 parts per million, Red No. 4 can be used to color maraschino cherries, and Orange B to color the skins of hot dogs and sausages. In recent weeks, several lols of cherries have been seized or recalled because Ihe limils were exceeded. Wtd.. April 11.1873 KHKEI.EY (Cote.) TRIBUNE » THE LOCKHORNS "I ALWAY6 FEEL. GUILTY WHEN WE PASS HERE. WE PON'T Owe THEM A CENT." OPEN DAILY 9:30-10; SUN. 10-6 WED., THURS., FRI., SAT. . OWU·,, (7 TIRE DISCOUNT BONANZA Psychiatrist says beatings may have helped POWs live · SACRAMENTO, Calif. (AP) -- Beatings and torlure may have helped keep some Amcri- . cans alive in Norlh I prisons, says a lop California I . psychiatrist. ". , Beatings inspire n n t n and an. .ger, and those hvo emotions " can give a man Ihe will lo live ' even under Ihe most oppressive ; - conditions, Dr. William E. May- ." er said in an interview Monday. Mayer is the chief deputy director of the stain Department of Health. As a U.S. Army doctor, he led a research team that conducted exhaustive med; ical and intelligence studies on prisoners repatriated from Ihe Korean War 20 years ago. "There was much more physical brutality in Vietnam than · - there was in Korea. Ironically, that kind of treatment works in reverse. It encourages anger and hate. The prisoners will organize to fight back," Mayer said. He said the Chinese who ran the prisoner of war camps in Korea were more sophisticated than the Norlh Vietnamese, using techniques designed lo break a man's will and turn prisoners against each other. "The Chinese told Ihe prisoners in Korea, 'We are your friends. We want lo tell you the truth.' After a while, lhat wears you down. II is much more captivating than lo punch you in the nose," he snid. Mayer said 30 per cent of Ihe American prisoners held in i-Korea died--Ihe highest in the Sjistory of American warfare. !.-' "We were .concerned about Jwhy nobody escaped In Korea. "It; Is easy to understand about ^'Vietnam, but In Korea, wo I -((new where (ho camps were. ;»^e could sec them from Ihe ;*»lr. They wore nor heavily guarded," Mayer said. The Chinese organized indoctrination sessions and "self- criticism" meetings, where prisoners were to talk among themselves and tell of their weaknesses, Mayer said. "First, our guys just made fun of it. They made up stories. But gradually, they began to talk about themselves and they started to withdraw. Then, they got so they didn't trust any body," Mayer said. Except for the Marine Corp. personnel, Americans generally were not able to -put togethei an organizational structure in the Korean prison camps, May er said. Liddy get reprimand for jail fight WASHINGTON (AP) - Con victed Watergate conspirator G. Gordon Liddy has been reprimanded for his part in a jail cell scuffle last month. Liddy, serving six to 20 years on his conviction in the Water gate case, exchanged blows with another inmate in the District of Columbia Jail March 26. Jail authorities said a dispute had arisen over a hairbrush. Monday, jail officials said Liddy and the other inmate were warned that a similar incident in the future would result in punishment. The two appeared before n disciplinary panel of jail officials. Liddy received a cut car and a bruised nose in the Incident. The other inmate WHS unharmed. OUR KM 100 4-FULL-PLY POLYESTER CORD "78" SERIES BLACKWALLS Reg. 21.88 6.50x13 19,88 21.88 23,88 Plus F.E.T. 1.73 Each WHITEWALLS 2.44 MORE EACH NO TRADE-INS REQUIRED ALL TIRES PLUS F.E.T. OUR KM 400 "THE WIDE SSK" 4-FULL-PLY NYLON CORD RAISED LETTERS "70" SERIES g. 35.66-E70xl4 F70.H G70iU G7015 H70xl4 H70xl5 37.** 39.6* 39.66 4M* 25.K 27.00 2.57 2.7* « M \t.n *··« Is.ot PLUS F.E.T. 2.49 EACH NO TRADE-INS REQUIRED All Tires Plus F.E.T. Each Most U.S. Model compact Cars HERE'S WHAT WE DO 1. ImtiH 4 Mti qmliry ihm 2. MKMM 4 kMi lam 3.ftib.M«t..lcTlMtn ' 4. ImffCt m.«t.r cylMw 5. RllMk riiMl burints t. ChtkMiMkb. I. FHEE tin iMHwi I. Mill! bukii nri atl Hit COMPLETE BRAKE OVERHAUL Reg. 59.96- 4 Days 39.88 Self-adjusting brakes $4 more. Disc brakes higher. Ail Work by Trained Mechanics (INSTALLED) DOUBLE GLASS BELTED [OUR KM 300,4 PLIES POLYESTER CORD+ 2 FIBERGLASS BELTS DUAL WHITEWALLS Reg. 37.97 C78xJ3 26.88 -g- 29.88 31.88 33.88 36.88 F.E.I. M O U N T E D MU F P/usF.E.7. 1.93 Each All Tires Plus F.E.T. NO TRADE-INS REQUIRED Just So/ "Charge It" AIR CONDITIONER I I H.D. MUFFLER INSTALLED Reg. 17.84 -Installed 12.88 Double wrapped to protect against rust-out. Save. Most American Compacts t H A C A * ^sfl 146 Our Reg. 168.88 4 Days Only _ Vertical and horizontal louvers for maximum coaling control. Transferable compressor fits in most cars. JAMBOREE OF KMART COUPON SPECIALS COUPON V A L U E COUPON V A L U E COUPON VALUE DELUXE H.D, SHOCKS SALE Reg. 7.47-4 Days With gf t 9'9 Coupon ^ft^9^9 Ea. Available in sizes to fit most American compact cars. Full 1 3/16" size piston. Kmart "T COUPON V A L U E For Most U.S. Cars OIL FILTER SELECTION Reg. 1.86-4 Days, 1.27 w " h K MARFBRAND AIR FILTERS Reg. 2.38-4 Days 1.44 Wifh CouponH · ·"·"· Coupon Choose from spin-on or car- iHigh quality filters. Sizes to tridge type filters. Save! |fit most U.S. autos. HEAVY-DUTY TUNE-UP KIT Reg. 2.67-4 Days FULLSKIN CHAMOIS CLOTH Reg. 2.97--4 Days '^m9*W*W Coupon tVj-sq.-ft. chamois cleans, polishes and dusts. Save at K mart on all auto needs. K mart T i COUPON V A L U E 1.47 K mart With Coupon Kit includes points, rotor and condenser. Charge it! K mart I Foreign Car Kits . .2.23 CopyrightO 1873 by S.S. KBESGE Compiny KMARF10W30 MOTOR OIL Reg. 43?--4 Days 4 QTS. $ · With FOR · Coupon High quality, all-weather · motor oil. Limit 8. K mart PAIR, 2-TON JACK STANDS Reg. 5.92-4 Days 3.77, With Coupon U%* IPX. Two heavy-duty jack stands with locking pins. Savings' K mart HANDY RUBBER UTILITY MAT Reg. 96?-4 Days 66' With Coupon Rectangular rubber mat in a variety of colors. Save! K marf ( Coupon Good Through April 14 EIGHT-TRACK HEAD CLEANER Reg. 97?--4 Days 66 V th ^0^^ Coupon Gentle, non-abrasive cleaner for magnetic tape heads. K marl WAX KIT WITH APPLICATOR Reg. J.57-4 Days I M^ With e«ft^9 Coupon 16-oz.' Turtle* hard shell wax restores finish. Sav«! · N.I W.ISM K marl GREELEY 2829 W. 10th St. Ph. 353-8422 for Apt. Brake and light inspection No. 4 Now Due. DENVER 1001 W. 84th Ave. Service Dept. Hours, 8-10 Mon. thru Sat.; 10-6 Sun. FT. COLLINS 2445 So. College

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