Tribune Editorial Page Reforming secrecy game rules ^--' n u iuirirTuiuMFGru nmWiillv wnnlH nrpvpn* fhp ahiisps hv Curia ted KiSSiltCCr largely bfC Opinion - Analysis - Interpretation Tucs., Feb. 24,1976 Page 4 Pause and Ponder So shall my word be that goeth out of my mouth: it shall not return.unto me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and I shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it. --Isaiah 55:11 Get more nuclear power flowing One of the nation's most urgent needs is to proceed with the development of nuclear energy. Therefore, it is to be hoped that supporters of nuclear power will be able to dispel the fears and objections that have curbed its progress when congressional hearings are held this week. One of their jobs will be to refute the arguments that serious safety problems exist but have been ignored or covered up. This will include showing that there were no grounds for the resignations of three General Electric Co. engineers and a Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) project safety manager. They quit in protest over what they called dangerous hazards in nuclear power programs. The NRC and the electric utility industry face the vitally important task of re-enforcing the technical studies showing that the possibilities for nuclear plant accidents are virtually nil. Easier to combat, it seems, are the charges that nuclear facilities lack adequate safeguards. Surely if there was enough ingenuity to develop nuclear power, enough expertness also exists to provide the means of protecting nuclear plants against theft of weapons-grade plutonium or sabatage. While little room is seen for compromise when the nuclear debate continues this week before the House Interior Subcommittee on Energy and Environment, it is essential to get nuclear power moving. The nation is not making the progress anticipated toward reaching self-sufficiency in energy. Fuel conservation efforts show signs of failing. Production of coal, natural gas and oil has declined instead of rising, as expected. Not only the warmth of American homes but the national economic health and security are dependent on the success of Project Independence. Yet rising costs, environmental concerns and many other problems and uncertainties continue to hamper the progress of nuclear power. Three- fourths of the nuclear power plants planned or under construction have been canceled or postponed, though they could make a significant contribution to surmounting the energy problem. Proponents of nuclear power say that while nuclear power provides only about eight per cent of the total U.S. electric power today, it can contribute more than 50 per cent in the next quarter-century. By 1980 electricity is expected to account for 50 per cent of all U.S. energy use. Editorial samplings H.v United Press Inlcrnationil Ixw Angeles Times The nation's brief peacetime experiment with year-round daylight saving time in 1974 reduced energy consumption but fell short of being a popular success. Parents understandably worried about the greater risks their children ran in going to school during the dark winter months, and farmers complained because milking schedules for cows were thrown off. Before long, Congress voted to return to the traditional sixmonUi period for dnylight saving. Now the Senate Commerce Committee has approved legislation for national daylight saving lime for more than eight months of the year, to run from the first Sunday in March until the second Sunday in November. That would keep standard time for the darkest months of the year, but still squeeze some extra daylight out of the early spring and autumn weeks. Daylight saving time now extends from the last Sunday in April until the last Sunday in October. The inconveniences of the extended daylight saving period would be minor, and outweighed by the benefits. Estimates on how much electricity could be saved by not having to turn on lights range from 1 per cent to 2 per cent -- not massive, but still a contribution to reduced fuel use. Energy conservation, after all, means a series of small savings that add up to a significant total. Longer days should also contribute to greater traffic safety. Britain found that auto accidents and fatalities decreased 3,8 per cent during year-round daylight time. A proportionate decrease Letters to the Tribune Appreciates feature on ballet program To The Tribune: I wish to extend a note of thanks to all the staff that participated in the fine news feature describing Greeley Recrealioiial Ballet Program in your Dec. 27, 1975, issue. The write-up and pictures were superb and attracted more interest in this cultural program. A special thanks goes to Randy Bangerl for his photography and work on the article. The little "ballerinas" were of course tlirillcd to see their pictures in the paper, not to mention, proud mothers! Thanks so much for your fine work and special coverage of our classical ballet program. Beverly Ducll Greeley Recreational ballet instructor Students planning postcard collection To The Tribune: As a part of our Bicentennial Project, we hope to gather picture postcards from around our great country for use in a permanent school exhibit. This collection, we feel, will be enjoyed by students and citizens of Colorado West for many years to come. We would certainly be pleased to receive picture postcards from your readers so that we might better appreciate your section of America. The students of Delta Junior High School extend thanks to your fine newspaper for publishing our letter, and our deep and sincere appreciation -to those who would take the time and effort to help us with our project. Gary P. Burke, Adviser, Delta Junior High School 949 Howard St. Delta, Colo, 81416 might be expected here. The Commerce Committee's approach to daylight saving time Is practical and promising, and we think Congress should approve it. Strlpps-Howird Newipipcn (Pittsburgh Prm) There are new and positive signs that the government of King JuÂ«n Carlos I of Spain it Indeed Intent upon establishing a democratic society after more than three decades of dictatorship under the late Frinclsco Franco. The timetable for theie reform! no doubt will seem overly slow to Spanish liberals and leftists, and much too swift to diehard conservatives. However, in the light of Spain's long history of political terror under Franco's one-man, one-party dictatorship, (the government's) determination to be neither hurried nor stymied is sensible. Greeley Daily Tribune And The Greeley Republican Publlihtd (very WMh day twnlnf MMday through Friday ind Saturday morning by ma TrlbunÂ«.RÂ«pt*lkan Publishing C*. Oflltt, Ml tth St., Orethy, Colo.. Hill. Phona 1314111. MILDRED HANSEN Publisher LEOC.KOEN1G Business Mir. JAKE ESTRICK JR circ. M|r. ROBERT WIDLUND Editor A.L. PETERSEN Adv. Mgr. JAMES W. POPPE Sup*. Second-clais (Milage paid at Gretky, Colo. Subscription rate: tt.soper month. Member of the Associated tress, United Press International, Los Angeles Times Syndicate features, Colorado Press Assn., Inland Daily Press Assn., Audit Bureau o f . Circulations. Issued to tlw Tribune-Republican Publishing Co. by GreÂ«ley Typographical Union No. 5M. ByNICKTHIMMESCH WASHINGTON - Perhaps we are on our way to some reform in the battle rules between the government intelligence community (protecting secrets) and the Congress-Press forces (trying to make sure government crimes and malfeasance are not covered up). President Ford's executive orders and legislative proposals are a start in the right direction, and that doesn't mean political "right," as some civil libertarians seem to think. In asking Congress to make it a crime for a government employe to reveal information relating to intelligence sources and methods, Mr. Ford is cot asking for the broad gauge Official Secrets Act the British happily employ. No less a critic of executive branch secrecy than Rep. Otis Pike (D-N.YJ, chairman of the House Intelligence Committee says,", "I don't think the President's proposal is an Official Secrets Act. I think it could be a good law if there is a clear definition of what sources and methods are." However the new rules imposed on the Central Intelligence Agency and other intelligence agencies work out, and whatever legislation Congress enacts to restrain its own immodest impulses (leaks), there is clear concensus that the United States will continue to have a strong intelligence-gathering apparatus. It is folly to think that a nation of the strength, size and influence of the United States can survive without a global intelligence network. The issue really is how can this capability be maintained without violating the integrity of foreign nations and the civil rights of American citizens. President Ford's guidelines, if followed carefully, would prevent the abuses by intelligence agencies that we have learned about in the past few years. His proposals lor reorganization of these agencies seem less important to me. Administrative shuffles look good on paper, but the real question is how honest and scrupulous are the men who wind up with the power after the reorganization. In this case, CIA Director George Bush gets most of the power. There is nothing in his record which would make me think he is not to be trusted. The official who held much of the power on intelligence activities in the past, Dr. Henry A. Kissinger, has a record which makes me mistrust him. In the reorganization, he doesn't have all that power. The enormous ruckus over U.S. intelligence agencies, and the public's right to know, dates to the theft of the Pentagon Papers by Daniel Ellsberg in 1971. Ellsberg, while not revealing "sources and methods," stole documents and violated a signed agreement to respect their confidentiality. But through the middlc-'OOs there was an increasing number of such thefts from government agencies, particularly with the rise of Ralph Nader and his "raiders" who vigorously tried to expose government blunders and corruption. Ellsberg's theft understandably in- Dateline 1776 Ry United Press International CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Feb. 24 - Pvt. Mark Noble was found guilty of desertion and sentenced to 15 lashes "upon his bare back and mulcted one month's pay to defray the expense of apprehending and bringing the prisoner to camp." furiated Kissinger largely became Ellsberg also got Kissinger's Vietname option papers while he was still negotiating with North Vietnam's Le Due Tho. Now we know that Mr. Nixon's White House "Plumbers" were formed after that -- and disgraced the CIA - and quick as you could say, G. Gordon Libby, we had Watergate. There followed all manner of leak* from Sen. Sam Ervin's Watergate committee, the Watergate prosecutor's office, the FBI and various other government sources. When (he CIA investigation began last year, some of the better-placed people in this town suddenly railed against leaks. The whole controversy came to a boil with the leak of the Pike Committee report. Kissinger cried, "McCarthyism," and again threatened to quit. Anyway, Congress now has some proposals to chew on, and key intelligence agency officials have some rules to live by. Do not think that the leak system will not continue here. It will. The greatest enemies of this government, in this sense, are not the Ellsbergs, Naderites, disgruntled government employes or advocacy chaps on congressional committees. The enemies are all those confounded 'copier machines across the bureaucracy and on Capital Hill which can be quickly used for mischievous, even wicked, purposes. Let us hope that those with rational heads in this town bring common sense to bear on the question of intelligence gathering, so that Uncle Sam, as I wrote before, doesn'tgoaround to international cocktail parties pulling his pants down to prove his honesty. (r) 1976, Los Angeles Times Have you been watching new dance? By PAUL HARVEY Are you watching the new dance called "The Congressional Shuffle"? You started out on your left foot, shift to your right foot, then hop up and down on your right foot on conspicuously as possible. There are probably 75 liberal Democrats who rode into Congress because you were mad at Nixon. That Democrat landslide of '74 did not mean that you were suddenly all that liberal, it was just that you were reacting negatively to Watergate. Now UK Lou Harris Survey shows that you are more conservative than ever. A 43 per cent plurality of Americans said they would like to see our country move in a more conservative direction. So now those liberals on the Hill are suddenly hopping up and down on the"right" foot. Nobody ever accused Eric Sevareid of being "reactionary" yet he's sounding like it. Of welfare he says, "Our political system may be killing itself with kindness. ^ "What happened to New York can happen to the federal government even though it owns the printing press. "The governing concept used to be that almost everyone could learn to cope with life if the right improvements were made in his surroundings, his health, education, housing, job opportunities and so on. "Now we have to face the concept of the residue a great and growing number of people at tlw bottom who cannot rise because of something in them that neither governmental nor private institutions can do very much about. "From now on," he says, "more government spending will have to be directed toward enterprises that are productive." Today In History By The AiiocUted Prai . Today is Tuesday, Feb. 24, the 55th day of 1976. There are in days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this date in 1945, American troops liberated the Philippine capital of Manila from Japanese occupation during World War II. On this date: In 1761, James Otis of Massachusetts protected against the English system of search and seizure, declaring: "A man's house is his castle." In 1863, Arizona was organized as a territory. ,In 1866, impeachment proceedings against President Andrew Johnson were begun in Congress. In 1903, the United States acquired a naval station on Cuba's Guantanamo Bay. In 1946, Juan Peron was elected president of Argentina. In 1970, 30 persons were killed in an avalanche at Reckingen in south- western Switzerland. Ten years ago: President Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana was deposed by a military coup while out of the country, en route to Communist China. Five years ago: The government of Algeria nationalized most of the French oil interests in that country. One year ago: Former Soviet Premier Nikolai Bulganin died at the age of 79. Today's birthday: Jamaican political leader Sir Alexander Bustamante is 92 years old. Thought for today: Bad officials are elected by good citizens who do not vote -- George Jean Nathan, American writer, 1882-1958. Bicentennial footnote: Two hundred years ago today, a British agent in Spain reported to the London government that American ships had arrived and probably were seeking gunpowder and other war supplies, possibly to be supplied by the Dutch and transferred from ship to ship while at sea. Soviet Union's tame Congress Bv CLAYTON K H I T C I I K Y MOSCOW Chairman Leonid Brezhnev has one unique advantage over President Ford: He doesn't have to worry about his Congress. The docile Soviet Communist Party Congress (SCPC). which opens its 25th session here this week, bears no resemblance to the independent, assertive, rambunctious U.S. 94th Congress that is giving Mr. Ford such a headache. The Soviet body, which is convened every five years or so to rubber-stamp what the Politburo has been doing and what it plans to do in the future, is as predictable as the U.S. Congress is the reverse. So no surprises are looked for in Moscow when fi.OOO delegates crowd into the Kremlin's huge Palace of the Congresses. There is a slight caveat. Once in a ^rcal while a dissident voice is stridently raised, but Ihis is so rare that Russians nrf still talking aboiil the last time it happened. That was 21) years ago when Nikita Khrushchev. Ihen the party loader, shocked the 20th SCHC with a violent denunciation of Stalin and the cull of personality. Since then things have never been quite the same in the Soviet Union. From the American point of view, interest in the coming Soviet SCPC centers on what message the Politburo will have for the delegates (and Russia as a whole) on the policy of detente with the United States. There is good reason to believe the leaders wUl reaffirm the policy, but beneath the surface here there is a growing concern that detente may become the victim of U.S. domestic politics if Congress and the presidential candidates keep on kicking it around. It is not surprising that the Kremlin has divided feelings about the American Congress. It was certainly good news for Moscow when Congress stepped in and halted the U.S. involvement in Angola, Vietnam and Cambodia. On the other hand, the same Congress (prodded by anti-Communist elements) has made it d i f f i c u l t for President Ford and Secretary of State Henry Kissinger to maintain support for detente, the cornerstone of their foreign policy. While the good faith of Mr. Ford and Kissinger is not questioned here, it is noticed that they have not always been able to carry the day against the relentless anti-detente forces, which include some very powerful individuals and organizations who have never become reconciled to rapprochement with Communist Russia. The Soviet government's American experts keep close tabs on U.S. politics. On the Democratic side, they see Sen. Henry Jackson, a presidential contender, charging that "it is obvious that detente has become a coverup for the gross mismanagement of the foreign policy of Mr. Ford." On the Republican side, they see a second presidential candidate, Ronald Reagan, accusing Mr. Ford of leaning over backward to achieve accom- .modation with Russia. Still a third presidential contender. George Wallace, equates detente with being soft on communism. Similar attacks come from George Meany, president of the AFL- CIO, and from military-industrial circles, plus the American Legion and other patriotic groups. Their influence cannot lightly be dismissed. They succeeded in derailing the Administration's bill to restore normal trade relations with Russia and they forced temporary embargos on U.S. grain sales to the Soviets. Moreover, they have Mr. Ford and Kissinger on the defensive over further arms limitations (SALT II) agreements, and SALT is the essence of detente. It is fair to say that Mr. Ford and Kissinger have played into their critics' hands by linking Angola with detente. The Russians obviously think this was an error, a view that is shared by a number of foreign diplomats in Moscow. One Western observer here put it this way: 'The Russians have consistently taken a narrower view of detente than Nixon and Ford. It is not their fault that Nixon, campaigning for re-election in 1972, hailed detente as launching a 'generation of peace,' or that his successor, also seeking election, pictured the Ford- Brezhnev Vladivostok meeting as another SALT achievement." In recently restating the Russian petition, Izvestia said, "Some would like to convince us that the process of detente in the world, and support of the national liberation struggle, arc incompatible things. Similar things have been mentioned before, but in vain. The process of detente does not mean and never meant the freezing of the social-political status quo." There it is in plain words. With the above limitation, Moscow appears eager to pursue and gradually develop detente. The question now is whether the United Slates is willing to keep on with detente on a more realistic basis. If not, a Kissinger like to ask, "What is the alternative?" Before abandoning detente, however, it may be well to note a comment of Georgi Arbalov, director of Moscow's Institute of U.S. Studies, who says, "In a few years it has been possible to transfer Soviet- American relations from Ihe slate of explosive confrontation to the sphere of negotiations, fruitful negotiations at that, which bring tangible results." (OI978. Los Angeles Times Thus this heretofore liberal spokesman defines some of the factors which are encouraging us to turn back -- as Australia and New Zealand have turned back -- toward encouraging the lax- payers. Some freshman Democrats in Congress are so uncomfortable that they are begging the liberal Americans for Democratic Action not to publish their own liberal voting records. History says the Democrats will lose 15 to 30 seats in Congress this year. Republican Steven Stockmcyer, executive director of the National GOP Congressional Committee, bays "-13 scats." In their public utterances you are hearing heretofore liberal lawmakers talk about "fiscal responsibility," about "paying our bills," about "too much government in Washington," about "curtailing welfare." The comfortable assumptions of 40 years have failed us. We have discovered that while goldbricks can vote they cannot carry their own weight. Nor can we, indefinitely. (c) 1970, Los Angeles Times Addresses listed for senators and representatives Addresses of Senators and Congrcsspersons from Colorado for the 94th Congress: Senators: Gary Hart, Room 4213, Dirksen Senate Office Building, Washington, D.C. 20510; Phone: 202 2245852. Floyd K. Haskell, Koom 204, Russell Senate Oflice Building. Washington, D.C. 20510; Phone: 202 224-5941. Congresspersons: First District: Patricia Schroeder, Itoom 1131, Longworth House Office Building, Washington, D.C., 20515; Phone: 202 225-4431. Second District: Timothy E. Wirth, Koom 510, Cannon House Olfice Building, Washington. D.C., 20515; Phone: 202-225- 2ir,i Third District: Frank E. Kvans, Room 2443, Hayburn House Office building, ' Washington, D.C., 20515: Phone 202 225- 4761. Fourth District: James P. Johnson, Room 129, Cannon House Office Building, Washington, D.C., 20515; Phone: 202 225- 407C. Fifth District: William L. Armstrong, Room 223, Cannon House Oflice Building, Washington, D.C., 2U515; I'hone 202 2254422.
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