Idaho Free Press from Nampa, Idaho on February 18, 1976 · Page 24
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Idaho Free Press from Nampa, Idaho · Page 24

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Wednesday, February 18, 1976
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Great Derisions U.S. role in Mediterranean changes with loss of allies U v X i c h a r d C , l.omjvtorlh BRUSSELS (LTD - For the I'niled Slates, Ihe w i n e and lemons of the Mediterranean have turned bitter. The V.S. Gin Plcct slill prowls t h e strategic sea. but fewer Mediterranean ports give it hospitality. The Cyprus crisis has turned lv,o crucial allies. Greece and Turkey, against both Washington ami the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Another ally. Portugal, is Just pulling back from a flirtation w i t h c o m m u n i s m , a n d t h e political futures of Italy and Spain remain uncertain at best. Hardy five years ago the .Mediterranean was ringed with reliable allies who looked to the United Stairs and NATO for t h e i r security. But the change does not mean V m e n c a ' s role i n t h e Mediterranean is ended. Nor ws flussia been able to translate its new naval power in the M e d i t e r r a n e a n into real n l i t i M weight. Finally, the Mediterranean has been an "American sea" for o long - since World War II -- i.it strategists have overlooked tie p o t e n t i a l role there of Vescern L'urope. w h i c h is .·ograpbically and historically jikeii lu the area. As American n f l u e n c e w a n e s . Europe's rcscnco prop's slowly and virtually may shoulder the est's burden there. The United Stales first kepi hands off the Cyprus crisis of 197-1, (hen tried lo play- peacemaker. In the process, it alienated bolh Greece and Turkey. Turkey has taken over the M American air bases in Turkey. Greece has announced it w i l l quit NATO's military arm and the alliance's southeastern f l a n k h a s veered toward neutrality. During the seven-year dictatorship of the Greek colonels, (he United Stales supported Ihe regime and m a n y Greeks blamed Washington for keeping i! in power. In their view, the United Stales and NATO were antidemocratic foices. There is evidence thai Washington knew the colonels planned to overthrow Cypriot Presidenl .Makarios iii the summer of 197-1. But the ad- m i n i s t r a t i o n lei t h e coup proceed, infuriating the Turks, who saw it as a slep toward "enosis" -- the union of Greece and Cyprus. Then the administration did nothing to stop Turkey's invasion of Cyprus to protect the Turkish Cypriot c o m m u n i t y . This incensed the Greeks, even though it led to ttie colonels' overthrow. One of lht first acts of (he new democratic G r e e k p r e s i d e n t . Constantino Caramanlis. was lo announce Greece's withdrawal from the m i l i t a r y side of NATO. CARD GIFT. NEXfTO THE I.D. STORE SELECTED JEWELRY KARCHER MALL 467-3961 ·We Gift Wrap Free- In addition, Greece closed several US. installations, including homeporl facilities for the 6th Fleel al Eleusis. If the administration upset Greece by appearing lo "tilt" toward Turkey, Congress finished the job by ending mililary aid to the Turks lo punish Idem for invading Cyprus. The Turkish government felt humiliated, hardened its sland on Cyprus and look command of 25 American air bases on its soil. Congress p a r l i a l l y relenled later but the Turks remain angry and relations between the United Slates and Moslem, pro- Arab Turkey may never be Ihe same. All this has closed Ihe West's eyes and ears in (he Mediterranean. The U.S. bases were used mostly lo watch Soviel a c t i v i t y next door. Greece has stopped sharing some information f r o m its NATO radar stations. The fact is lhal both Greece and Turkey care more aboul Iheironn dispute lhan the Soviet threal. The United Stales and NATO are seen as irrelevant to the real issue -- Cyprus - and American a r g u m e n t s about the damage lo the alliance carry less weight t h a n they once did. Secretary of State Henry A. K i s s i n g e r has w a r n e d his European allies against allowing C o m m u n i s l s inlo I h e i r g o v e r n m e n t s . This issue -whether Communisls can join the government of a NATO n a t i o n w i t h o u l m a k i n g a mockery of the alliance -- is most acute in Italy. The Italian Communist party could become Ihe country's biggest vote-getter in the next election. Italy's allies have worried for years over the nation's imminent collapse bcnealh revolving- door governments (its 37(li in 30 years collapsed in J a n u a r y ) , bankrupt cities, rampant tax- dodging, corruption, cramped housing, endless strikes, urban t e r r o r i s m a n d o v e r w h e l m e d m a i l and school systems. Doomsayers regularly predict either a slow slide inlo comm u n i s m i the parly already controls m a n y of Ihe northern industrial cities) or a .facist coup. ·'·· Somehow. Italy has always pulled back from Ihe brink. In 1974. 20 per cent inflation and a huge trade deficit threatened economic anarchy. A year later, its Central Bank economists -some of Europe's most aslute -had restored a reasonable balance. Through all this, the Communist parly - despite Vatican disapproval - grew steadily in s t r e n g t h . In 1975 regional elections, it won 33.4 per cent of the vote, second only to the Christian Democrats 35.3 per cent. Many observers expect il lo be N'o.l after the next election. BANNOCK STREET. BOISE FRANKUN ROAP. BOISE WEST PARK PLAZA, ONTARIO KARCHER MALI, NAMPA GiACoaai SQUARE, SUN VALLEY COUNTRY CLUB CENTER, IDAHO FALLS karchermall fall winter SPORTSWEAR SEPARATES NOW LESS THAN 1 /2 OFF large selection; were 15.00-45.00 thursday · Iriday · Saturday - Sunday Can (he much-discussed "historic compromise" -- a coalition between the Communisls and Ihe Christian Democrals -- be long postponed? The Uniled Stales is fighting this:. Many northern European Socialist* predict disasler. But m a n y Italians and olher southern Europeans think Ihe Commu- nisls deserve a share in government and can be trusted not to misuse it. Enrico Berlinguer, the party's skillful leader, has promised lo respect democratic principles and to slay in bolh NATO and Ihe Common Market. The parly has been outspokenly independent of Moscow, lo the Soviet's anger. In many ways, the parly already is parl of Ihe Italian establishment. Bui can Communisls in power be trusted? Can NATO abide a Communist ally? Would Communist rule bring stabilily, as Berlinguer promises, or chaos, as the right warns? The answer may come soon. The Iberian peninsula, long Europe's last baslion of fascism, has become a question mark. In Ihe pasl year, Spanish dictator Francisco Franco died, ending his 36-year reign, and revolutionary Portugal's march toward Communism appeared to reverse itself. Franco banned all parlies bul his own Falange, retarded in- d u s t r i a l i z a t i o n , discourager! m o d e r n i z a t i o n , s q u e l c h e d liberalism. The result was tremendous pressure for change from business, universities, workers, even Ihe Catholic Church. The man in charge of keeping this pressure from popping into civil war is Franco's handpicked successor, King Juan Carlos I. the untested grandson of Spain's last Borbon king. W i t h i n weeks of Franco's death, d e m o n s t r a t i o n s had broken out lo back demands for more money and liberty. A government liberalization program did nothing lo slill the dissenl. ThcSpanish Communist p a r t y - a l t h o u g h officially banned, wilh ils leaders in exile* or jail';'--remained' one of th'e'' naliori s best organized political forces. Like the Kalian party, it is a liberal party owing no allegiance to Moscow. What this meanl to Spain and Europe was anybody's guess. Kissinger went lo Madrid lo sign a Ircaly renewing (he four U.S. Spanish air and s u b m a r i n e bases in return for $1.22 billion in aid. The European Common Astro- Graph · Bemic* Bads Oaol For Thursday, Fib. 19, 197G ARIES (March 21- April 19) Don't make hasty judgments on major decisions today in areas you haven't investigated thoroughly. TAURUS (April 20-M«y 20) You're likely lo procrastinate today and find more excuses w h y y j u s h o u l d n ' l do something than why you should. G E M I N I (May 21-Jurn 20) Today. guard not only aga : .nst your own extravagance but also Wat of a friend. It could involve you in something costly. CANCER (June 21-July 22) It's best today to do one thing properly lhan to attempt several things and give adequate anention to none. LEO (Jut/ 23-Aug. 22) You won't be too successful today in talking others inlo doing so.TOIhing for you that you should do yourself. Don'l Oe a THE U.S. SIXTH FLEET STILL prowls the strategic MrilterMnean Set, but fewtr ports give it hospitality. Some of Ike leaders involved in uncertainly In the re» are, from left, Enrico Berlhiguer, the I Lallan Communist party's skillful leader who has promised to respect democratic principles and to sla.y In both NATO and the Common Market: Alvaro Cunhal, the Communist party's rigidly pro- Moscow leader in Portugal ·, King Juan Carlos I, the untested grandson and hand-picked successor of Generalissimo Francisco Franco of Spain; and Greek President Cna- stantine Caramanlis, who announced Greece's withdrawal from the military side uf NATO. (UPI Photo) Market offered to resume trade talks with Spain, but said Ihe nalion must aclieve genuine democracy before it can join (he Common Market. Any NATO membership for Spain appeared years away. Portugal, already in NATO and linker! to the Common Markel in a free Irade area, had appeared on (he b r i n k of becoming another Cuba under its Armed Forces Movement and the pro-Communist premier, Vasco dus Santos Goncalves. The Communist party's rigidly pro-Moscow leader, Alvaro C u n h a l , was in tlie g o v e r n m e n t , m u c h of Portuguese business was nationalized, the press was largely under Communist influence and VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sepl. 22) Usually you're extremely practical Today ll-.ere's a possib lily you cojid rjlow cauiion lo ihe w rds LIBRA (S.pl. 23-Oct. 23) As resistance to your aims stiffens loday. there's a good chance you'll start lo slao off instead oi pushing harder. SCORPIO (Oct. 24-Nov. 22) Be ca.-elul not to create un- n e c e s s a r y problems f o r yourself 8» your own best Inpnd. not your worst enemy. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 23-D*:. 21) Look at your finances lealislically today. This is not a day (o be extravagant, or lo borrow. CAPRICORN {0*c. M-Jtn. 19) So c a r e f u l loday in anything you do in public. You could alienate allies through a lack of tact. AQUARIUS (Jan. K-fth. 11) li would be wise today to lemper your grandiose Ideas wilh a sprinkling of realism. Keep a sensible pefsoective. PISCES (F«b. 20-Mwdi M) Propositions lhal com* lo you loday Ihroi.gh associates may have some strings attached. Oon't maVrj impulsive deals NATO, acting under American pressure, had persuaded Portugal to drop oul of Ihe alliance's nuclear planning council. But Portugal's moderates, ted liy the Socialist party, fought back. When they resigned from (he government, anli-Commu- nist demonstrations broke oul. To restore order, Goncalves was forced to quit, first as premier and then as chief of staff of Ihe armed forces. An atlempled coup by Marxist officers was heaten back, discrediting the left slill further. Al year's end. Portugal slill wrestled with instability and poverty, but the immediate threal of Communist rule had receded. - The changing Mediter- ranean situalion transformed (he American position. American biises in Turkey and Greece are gone and may never be recovered. Both nations are uncertain allies, al least in peacetime. Other American bases - in llaly. on Portugal's Azores Islands, at Rota in Spain -remain, but by no means are they guaranteed to stay indefinitely. In this unprecedented uncertainty, the United Stales mighl ask whether American mililary power in (he Mediterranean mighl be supplemented by more West European economic and political power. Italy already is in the Common Markel. Greece wants in. Portugal and Turkey have close Irade ties wilh Brussels and, with Franco's death, Spain is no longer the pariah of Europe. The Common Market has historic, economic and geographic relations w i l h the Mediterranean that interest the nations there more lhan Ihe military mailers which preoccupy Washington. The Common Market has no defense policy and cannot replace the 6lh Kleet in Ihe M e d i t e r r a n e a n . But if the Iroubled Mediterranean nations are to remain in Ihe American- led alliance. Washington may f i n d itself u s i n g the other Europeans as go betweens. tN'exl: Latin America and (he V.S. i HOUSE OF I rt/««\s Yml quality fabrics r 55 calico prints Variety of Morals and novelty designs. Chooso from a wide sel ection of colors. 100% cotton 44",-45" wide /; Machine wash Tumble dry REGULARLY .99. Y A R D ...-. 77 * W YD. prints Delicate floral designs on sod 'Wlon tjuilt. Perfecl for dusters, housecoats and robes. Nylon, fiolyester, acetate. Machine washable · 45"/48" wide i' REGULAR S2.98YAHD 1 97 FAMOUS D A N R I V E R Coordinates Great collection for sportswear, play- wear and decorative. 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