Idaho Free Press from Nampa, Idaho on January 25, 1975 · Page 4
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Idaho Free Press from Nampa, Idaho · Page 4

Nampa, Idaho
Issue Date:
Saturday, January 25, 1975
Page 4
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flic Idaho Free Press The News-Tribune, Saturday. January 25,1775 --) Op mion Today's editorial Are you working? On the Mcrv Griffin show a few days ago Danny Thomas, one of America's'finest comedians and personalities, was reminiscing aboul ihcdays he knew, as a boy. when t w o men meeting on the slreel would onen a conversation with Ihe quesliun, "Are you working 1 .'" Wo hadn'i ihnughl of lhal question in many years, yet il was one we knew very well. We heard thai and its variant "Where are you working" 1 " many limes. It came righl after. "Hello." If the answer was affirmative both were pleased. Things were going well. In Ihose days no one Ihoughi Ihe government owed them a job or support. That was up lo Ihc individual. There wore no second rind third generation welfare families. People look care of themselves. In greal distress familj and church pitched in. liul it wasn't Ihe accepted Ihing lo feel lhal Ihe government owed you a job. or owed you a living. You got liiat Ihrough your own efforts We could use u lot of lhal spirit today. The Hayakowcj column Dirt bikes and the desert H y S . l . l They slrclch nul across Ihe desert as far as Ihe eye can sec-Hondas, RMWs. Yamahas, Can-Ams. Uullacos, Indians. Husqvprnas (Huskiest. 11 is the annual Barslow-to-Las Vegas "Hounds and Hare" motorcycle race, in which over 3,000 riders took par! last year. Even divided into Iwo heats, Ihey made starting lines more Ihan s mile long. There are no roads, only sand and shrubs. The racers follow piles of burning lires thai mark Ihe beginning of the course. Afler lhal there is nothing until Las Vegas. 150 miles away. The motorcycles, especially modified for cross-counlry racing (or "motoeross"), are known as "dirl cycles" or "dirl bikes." and Ihose who ride them are "din riders." Dirl riding is a growing sporl. attracting new adherents daily as promoters and molorcyclc manufacturers .devise new ways of arousing interest and participation. A writer in the February issue of "Dirl Rider" unwittingly reveals the problem created by Ihis sporl in describing Ihe Fourth Annual Eight-Hour Desert Scramble held in Grand Junction. Colorado: "Grand Junction deserl has a kind of silly sand that makes much dust, yet it i.s so heavy as to severely limit forward I progress of Ihe motorcycle...Much up and ·down. a high percentage if ; twislery...almost guaranteed that (he Aground would got quite lorn up." , t Whal harjpens.whcn (he ground gels lorn 'M ' is vividly-;, described % 'by Roger ILuckenbach. a graduate stu'denl al Ihe IMustiim of Vertebrate Zoology al the ;llniversily of California, Berkeley, in an ·article. "What the ORVs Are Doing to the Desert." in (lie January issue of "Fremonlia." quarterly of the California Native Plant Society. When ORVs (or off-road vehicles, such as dune buggies, campers, four-wheel drives, as well as motorcycles] cross Ihe deserl. says l.uckenbach, Ihey break the crusl or "mantle" of natural pavcmenl that protects the soil from wind and water erosion. Moxl, they compact (h c so ji reducing its ability to hold or percolate water. Insecl pupae and larvae are destroyed. Seeds tying in Ihc earth cannot germinate for hick of water. "Growth of native annuals and herbaceous perennials is eliminated by the ORV activity," writes Luckenbach. "and Ihe basic energy-fixation and transfer systems of Ihe desert are disrupted...The rains dial cause Ihe flowers lo bloom in- tluce Ihe emergence of insecls...Molhs pollinate morning glories, columbines...butterflies pollinate paintbrushes, fiddlenccks-hectics and flies pollinate vei beuas. larkspurs...These insects in turn are food for lizards, snakes, rodents, birds and carnivores..." Tn n biologist the planl and animal life of a desert --Hie incredibly deliealc mechanisms by which living Ihings preserve little waler Ihere is lo survive in an arid and unfriendly environment--is a source of constant wonder and dclighl. It therefore horrifies Uickeubach (hat "In one 'Honda and Hare' race an estimated 1 111.000 creosote bushes, 64,000 burro-weed bushes and 15,000 Mojave yuccas were destroyed or severely damaged over n slretch of 100 miles...How long il will take lo replace Ihcm, or even if il's possible lo replace them once the soil environment has been badly damaged, is not known." N'ol only are Irees and shrubs destroyed. Lizards and desert tortoises are crushed by the speeding vehicles, says Luckenbach. Fox and rodent dens arc crushed. The nests of ground-nesting birds, like Ihe honied lark, arc crushed Many birds and animals are frightened away, anil their territorial systems are destroyed hy Ihe terrible noise of thousands of racing .nr.'orcycles In 19G7 motorcycle regislralion in California was a little over 83.000. Today there are 1.2 million motorcycles in Los Angeles alone and probably anolher.·, million used off-road and therefore not registered. There are also in California probably a half-million four-wheel drive \ehicles and 200,000 dune buggies. "Dirl riding" is clearly an exciting and challenging activity, peculiarly American in its competitiveness as a spoil, in ils absorption in (ethnological improvement, and in ils lavish and wasteful use of energy. Bul can we--those now living as well as the generations yel lo come--afford lo have our dcserls destroyed, jusl al a lime when we are beginning lo understand the prcciousness of all (he environmenl and Ihe rclaledness of every par) of the earth lo every olher parl? Onformalion nhoul desert management may be obtained from the California Uescrl Plan 1'rogram. P.O. Hox 723. Riverside, Calif. 92502. The address of "Fremonlia," in which Mr. Luckenbach's article appears, is 2-190 Gunning Way. Herkelcv. Calif. 9-1701.1 Fact opinion "Of seventeen countries listed," reports Ihe Associated Oregon Industries News Digest, "(he U.S. ranks 13lh in food price increases between 1963 and 1972, according lo Uniled N'alions statistics. Our food prices have gone up 35 percent compared with Denmark's 81 percent, the hardest hit country. Others worse off than Ihe U.S. are Spain, Ireland, Japan, Sweden, Uniled Kingdom, Israel. Netherlands, France. Belgium, Italy and Australia. Switzerland, with an 18 percent rise, did the best in holding the food price line. Canada, Greece and West Germany also had smaller percentage increases Ihan Ihe U.S." Inlernalioniil interdependence, brought in focus by Ihe energy crisis, underscores the need In inventory nther materials and minerals on the i' S. shortage list. U.S. Geological Survey sees a trend in other minerals paralleling Ihe fuel situation ami seeks cnngressimial support for expanded exploration Kedernl resources management is of key im|)orlance, savs Representative Julie liuller llanscn. head nf the Appropriations Cnmmillee. Public lands have 52 per cenl of U.S. oil anil natural gas: :i'.i percent of coal: -in per cent oi uraniinii: i;n per cenl nf potential Ueolhermal sites: and Ihree fourths nf .-.hah-oil lands. The President's plan Productivity and f/ie union The 'blue collar blues' The News- Tribune and Italp fm f m« (Editor's nole: The following is (he second in a scries of articles on one of the country's biggesl challenges: Increased Productivity.) Il.vl.i-Hlndrrirk Washington CnriTiiiiiindrnl The Idaho I'Yer Press, N'pus-Trihimc WASHINGTON - "Significanl numbers of American workers are dissatisfied with the quality of Iheir lives...dull, repetitive, seemingly meaningless tasks, offering little challenge in autonomy, are causing disconteul among workers al all oc- cupnlional levels." This cend nl conclusion is from a landmark report issued in Di-ceinber 1972 by a Task t''orce commissioned by Ihe Department of Health, Kduciiiion Welfare. The controversial report, entitled i,."Work in. America, "repainted a bleak picture of worker altitudes iind was a catalyst which stimulated considerable discussion on the so-called "blue collar blues" and thei" relation lo productivity. One critic of (lie report is William E Keif, an associate professor of management at Arizona Slate University. "In building ils case, the Task Force ignores research thai would in any way discount Ihe notion (hat mosl workers are high achievers," wrote Heif in a recent issue of the Atlanta Economic Review. "Considerable evidence does exist which suggests thai many people do not actively seek greater responsibility, autonomy, and opportunity for creativity at work- workers can be satisfied wilh what others mighl consider lo be dull, meaningless lasks: and, instead of intrinsic rewards (satisfaction from (he work ilselfl, some, perhaps many, people prefer security] decent working conditions, higher pay arid fringe benefils, and olher forms of extrinsic rewards," Iteif added. Three doctors from Rutgers Medical School in New Jersey also tested Ihe conclusions of "Work "in America" ;it a General Molors plant near Baltimore. The doctors surveyed 1,020 United Anlo Workers employes on the planl assembly line prior lo (he currenl rash of auto worker layoffs. Their findings, as reported in Ihc archives of General Psychiatry: 05 per cent of Ihe workers said they were satisfied with Iheir jobs; 71 per cenl said no part of their work was upsetting or liring. Despite such contradictory findings, however, an impressive array of olher stances indicates lhal. for whatever reason, worker disconlenl in (he United Slates as a whole is indeed a sulslanli,il problem. Contrasted will) (lie sludy al Ilial one General Molors planl, for example, G,M reported Ihe entire company from I9M to lOG'J experienced Ihesc increases: 50 per cenl in absenteeism. 7i) per cent in turnovers. :!B per cenl in formal grievances, and ·!·! per cenl in disciplinary layoffs. Another indication of job dissatisfaction in (he Uniled Slates is provided by a survey conducted by the University of Michigan among 1,500 American workers at all occupational levels. To the question, "What wnuld you do with Ihe exlra Iwo hours if you had a 26 hour day?" two oul of Ihree college professors said they would use Ihc exlra lime in n work related activity. One out nf four attorneys gave a similar response. However, only one oul of SO non-professional workers said they would use (he extra lime in work activity. "I personally lake a broader view than .some nf these findings mighl indicate." snid Tei-cnce Jackson of Ihe National Commission on Productivity and Work Quality, in an interview. Jackson. Ihe Commission's slaff specialist on improving working environments, added thai. "Frankly, I think work is beginning lo irrilalc just aboul everybody. This is such a large country lhal il's d'ifficull lo generalize about Ihcextenl of (he problem, bul there's no doubl it's pervasive." Although (he so-called "worker alien- lation" is popularly regarded as a problem peculiar lo blue collar workers. Jackson is convinced il reaches into executive ranks as well. "In a recent issue of Ihe prestigious 'Gallagher Presidents' Iteport' it was revealed that eighl out of len chief executives of 251 large American corporations (eel lhal the motivation of employes and executives is more serious today than il was a decade ago." Jackson explained. "The mosl serious problem cited was an 'unwillingness In accept responsibility. 1 " Jackson sairt (5.8 per cenl of Ihe company presidents made that criticism of their blue collar workers, flow-over. 77 per cenl made Ihe same complaint about while collar workers and 51 pel' cenl said even (heir management executives were unwilling to accept responsibility One key In Ihc motivation problem. Jackson believes, is found iti a recent observation by Ihe President nf Ihe American Management Associations. James L. Hayes. Hayes suggests thai executives may not be accessible enough lo Iheir workers. "Managements lhat fail lo heed upward communication and fail In communicate Ihe organization's mission to-all employes are encouraging an 'us vs. them altitude," said the AMA head. Jackson believes lhal remedies (n Ihe motivation problem lie in approaches developed by applied behavorial science. "Among (hem are job enrichment, job enlargement, participatory incentive plans, sociolechnical systems design. Ir.iining groups, worker based quality control, and flexible working hours." he said. "Each is devoled to relieving a particular set of traditions affecling Ihe quality of work and output and each holds Ihc promise of solid advances in productivity." Published e»e"if;)s e»c*pr S.nday 01 316 Ten-K A*e South. Na-npa. Idaho 33651 by Conyan Pub'uhing Co En'ered ai teccrd c'oii irnilf.- a' Ihe Pod nl Narepo. ldo-0. undt' 3d ol Ms-ch 8 1879 All notKe* req.ued by lfl~ or oide' of cou'f of forrpfl-nl |jr.\dic' : oi to be p-jbk-^d weekly w:ll be pub'ithcj in Ih? Solwdoj' .live ol .'J"i paper p-jr won 1 ·» !S'iOi 60 108 1C 1963 m added r*treio byChaprt' I6J I ?33 5«»ion lo«i ol ldo--o SUBSCRIPTION RATES Carrier, per month . . S3.25 Ca»rier, per year . . . . $39.00 BY MAIL {Paid in advance! 1 month. . . S3.50 6nontKs. . S20.0C 3 month* . . SI0.25 1 year . . . $39.00 .t newjpaper rtier vet rhe nghi to filler ^ p.raiioi dcre ol aiy paid m o4*ance s^ ipiion ihou'd ihc'f be on od|uO"iertf 1 HCcpiion rales -ADAM J. KALB- Pteiidenl-PubliiKcr THE NEWS-TRIBUNE JoifpK R Porker. IYVIPM Manage^ -- Ad» Dredif R.c-a-dCoffmon.ft'-":. HiCT.'H Wi Lorn. Cir Mqi. IDAHO FREE PRESS Jeonre B'uner, Buii^eii Manager lorry 8 Gardrw. Ed for C Robe/I Bull. Adv. Director J.C ImdfoK Cir Oir. Keilh Briggi, CoripOiing fore-nan C^o rl et McCoy. Pr«H Foreman Quirks in the news Opinions «xpr«»ed only in "Today's Editorial" column! reprettnl tht vi«wi of this newspaper. All othtr commtnts on thit pog« are fhe opinions of the wtiten, wh«thif m*mb«ri of Ihe ntwipapor's ·dilorial board or not. We welcome IcHin !· Ihe editor, bul mull limit them lo 300 wordi. AH lelKn must be signed, contain Ihe addrass of Ihe writer, and are subject to approval by the editorial board SAN KKANCISCO U'l'li - Mice are looking for burglars ului arc nol only inconsiderate but sloppy eaters. They broke inlo Ihe Ciarln I'urniliire Hcfinishing Co.. wrecking the b.ick door. They ruined company tools in opening ;i safe. The safe's lime lock was damaged beyond repair. They stole $1000. And, police said, Ihe burglars left behind Ihe remains nf a loaf of French lireadand a chunk of nibbled salami. I.OS ANGKI.KS (UP!) - If Ihe crew making Ihe police movie "The Hlue Knight" hail been a bil fnsler wilh Ihe camera, Ihey could have filmed a real life shooting and Ihe capture of the suspected gunman by two officers assigned to help Ihe movie makers. Police suid Iwn officers assigned to direcl traffic for Ihe film crew arrested Carl Lewis. ?J. on suspicion ol assault wilh iulent lo commit murder. Lewis had a rifle lhal he was apparently trying lo sell lo passers-by, police said. Somehow. lh'.' weapon fired, and Gerardo Veb Kubalcaba, 31, was hit in Ihe stomach by a bullel fragment, lie was hospitalized in fair condition. Wilh the film crew and aclors playing policemen looking on, Ihc Iwo genuine officers chased Ihe fleeing Lewis livo blncks and arrested him. CAliSON CITY, Nov. (UP1) - Nevada legislators were grumbling over Iheir new $2. r i.fKKi voling machine. The computer spewed oul an inaccurate prinlnul on a Senale vole. Then, during a vole in (he Assembly. Ihe board didn't light up properly. In (lie past, roll call voles in Ihe Senale were taken quickly and efficiently by long- lime' secrcLiry l.enhi Armstrong. Energy facts ignored lly Kay t'romley aboul 25 proposals-DS objeclives. That is, Ihey Ihink his goals are right. But the agreement slops Ihere. Mr. Ford depends heavily on oil and gas from Ihe ouler continental shelf. The specialists report that no one is at "all certain whether Ihe greal hoped-for exploitable deposits actually exist. As''of today, (he ouler conlincnlal shelf is a hope, and can't be counted on to solve our problems, even wilh heavy investment. Mr. Ford proposes one-million barrels'ol synthetic fuels and shale oil production'a day by 1985. A considerable number of his specialists do not share thai optimism. They say Ihey're nol convinced by : research findings to dale lhat shale oil can be produced economically in [)$' reasonable future. ·· · Mr. Ford is enthusiaslic aboul nucljar power. So are the advisers 1 have reachg They're of the opinion il's safer than ne pil accounts would lead us to believe. \ Ihey're not absolutely certain. And IK are convinced lhat the slcppecl-i research on safely and on Ihe disposal radioactive waste is going to take long Ihan the President seems to think. Though Mr. Ford, like Mr. Nixon betoff him. proposes to streamline licensing j$)j siting procedures lo speed the buildingjSj nuclear power planls, none of his attorn|$ has come up wilh any credible legal mea§s for preventing an endless line of ;}»;·; vironmental lawsuits al each step of |bt way for every one of his projecled 160 £ 200 major nuclear power plants. :J-J Worst of all, Mr. Ford proposes,'^ essence, to set a floor on the pricejjf petroleum high enough lo encourage ifljjs' production of energy by a variety.Jof uneconomic methods. This could loji American industry into a mullibiMxJi dollar adventure in high-cost projeftS which would hang around our econonJK necks like so manv albatrosses. WASHINCn'ON-(NEAI-Al minutes afler one o'clock on Jan. 15. President Ford announced that his energy proposals, if adopted by Congress, would enable this nation lo cut its need for foreign petroleum to Ihree to five million barrels a day by 1985, thus making us independent of Arab oil in a crisis. Fifty minutes later, I was- at a meeting of 19 of Air. Ford's energy experts, a group which has been working on these same energy proposals for six months, These men and women had just heard the President's words on television, bul couldn't believe their ears. They asked their chairman to read that part aboul self- sufficiency again, not once, but Iwice. For their own calculations, based on essen- lially the same energy-saving, energy- substitution and energy-production programs, indicaled the United Stales in 1985 would need to import between seven million and 13 million barrels of petroleum a day, a far cry from independence. The evidence assembled by these ex- perls suggests thai Mr. Ford has assumed an unrealislically low demand for energy in 1985. a heflier-than-likely oulpul of continental and ouler continental shelf oil and gas. and n nuclear program blossoming al an unbelievable pace. Even making allowances for Ihe normal exaggeration in political speeches, Mr. Ford's statemenl was Ihe sluff of which credibility gaps are created. If we are lo make progress in (he energy fight, we will have to face our problems with no such self-hypnosis. As men working in (he field know, the government moves ponderously. What a scientist might calculate as possible in two years, will lake four, six, eight or 10 years moving Ihrough bureaucratic, legal and committee channels. The energy experls I've talked lo are sold on mosl of the President's technical The innocent bystander The good Ford g/veffi. By Arthur II The second American lievolulion took place on July 4. I97u, following Ihe ['resident's third and largesl Tux Cul- Increase Ipatcnls pendingi. His first Tax Cul-Increase. proposed in January [if 197S. was widely hailed as "brilliant economic thinking." To fighl recession, the plan called for culling personal income taxes $28.5 billion so thai, as Ihe President happily explained, people would have extra money In spend. Tn fighl inflation. Ihe Presidenl increased nil taxes $30 billion, so lhal Ihc people would have something lo spend Iheir extra money on. Pu.shinn nil the price of gasoline a dime « gallon. Ihe Presidenl triumphantly explained would force people lo drive less They would then have more money lo spend for Ihe things lbe\ warned. And thus Ihe Tax-fiil-Inci-ease would solve recession, inflation and Ihc mergv crisis .ill in one (ell swoop. l-nforlunalcly. the things lhal people wanted were more gallons of gasoline. ) 4 + After all. Ihe price of gasoline had already doubled as a result of the energv crisis without noticeable effect on Americans' driving habits. Another 1ft t-enls was simply a drop in the gas lank. Mul the President was determined. That fall he announced his Gigantic $100 billion Tax-fut-Increase. And. when nothing much happened, he followed il up in Ihc spring of 1370 wilh his Super-Giganlic S500 billion Tax-Cul-lncrease. By now. gasoline was selling for $5.32 a gallon and Ihey slill wouldn't wipe your windshield. "Thai should do it!" said the President happily. The lighter side oppp Bul a similar scene was being repeated in -.-very American home across (he lamf "1 jusl figured out. dear." a wife would suy. "thai we could save S43.12 by nol going for our regular Sunday drive." "Are you oul of your mind?" her husband would reply. "Next you'll be suggesting I lake Hie bus lo work. Why rton'l you sell your car instead?" "How would I gel lo my bridge game? Hul wilh Ihe price of gasoline so high, we have to cut corners somewhere." "All righl. all righl I'll cut down to half a bowl of rice n day." -X The President was understandably furious In his rage, he made a disaslrcXifi mistake. "For being bad," he announced' angrily over national television, "hen- ceforlii none of you can have Ihc family; car." , ,' That. if course, was when Ihe Second, American lievolulion broke oul. Moljs^ shouting. "Give us automobiles or give,us. death.'," stormed the White Houspjj deposed Ihe Presidenl and wrote the Second Declaration of Independence.,,11,. was a document every real American^ applauded. . j| "We bold these Irulhs lo be seijji; evident," it read. "All men are endowed! with four wheels, 240 horsepower and; certain inalienable rights, including regular. Ethyl and the pursuit of the car., ahead of them." . ,.. j II was a sadder bul wiser ex-PrcsidenI who reflected on his fatal error ,0/J judgment. ; "What I should have done," he sqj'd", thoughtfully, "was to ask them to give.up eating instead." Centerfold therapy i*y il WASHINGTON iUI'1) - Although mi a subscriber. 1 can appreciate the valuable service performed by Playboy. Penthouse anil kindred periodicals in counselling Ihe sexually disoriented. Problems thai a good shrink mighl soak you a couple of grand In analyze are fielded free by the psycho-girlie mags, I know » hit about Ihis because Ihis column also gets Idlers from readers with bizarre hang-ups. Heretofore I have answered them privately. But since there is now such strong public interest in Ihesc mailers. I hnve decided to pass a few alnng: "Dear Sir- Man. I'm like really grooving cm Ihis chick in sophomore English, only I can'l do anything aboul it because the professor won't let us disrobe in class Whal dn you suggesi" signed Frustrated." "Dear Frustrated: Take a portable shower lo class with you. Although Your clothes will got soggy anil you mav have trouble hearing the leclure with the water running. Ihere'r, nothing like a cold shower for dampening ardor." "Dear Sir: For several years, I have had ii thumb fetish. Al first il was nothing more than gelling turned on by hitchhikers and baseball umpires calling nul base runners Hut recently I have fallen in love wilh m'v own thumbs. "If you could sec my thumbs, you would undcrsland. They are perfectly adorable The (rouble ,s. 1 am by nature a verv jealous person. I can'l stand for anyone else even to so much as glance at my I numbs. f "I have tried keeping (hem tucked under my fingers, bul Ihis makes it difficult for me to e arn a living in my chosen vocalion which is picking grapes. "y Dick West "Dear Anxious: Nol in the least. 5 "Uccordcd cases in homodigitalphifii which is whal you are describing ' ' back lo the ancient Greeks who slarled a lot of other Ihings. If having the other workers in me\ards ogle your thumbs makes je.ilmis. buy a pair of surgic; lye the thumb parts black. "This will mmn^mam ·

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