Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado on October 6, 1969 · Page 13
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Greeley Daily Tribune from Greeley, Colorado · Page 13

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Greeley, Colorado
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Monday, October 6, 1969
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Page 13
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Russ-Jailed Soviet Writers End Terms, Assess Futures By MICHAEL JOHNSON Associated Press Writir ' MOSCOW (AP) - "Women looking like castrated men walk (he streets and boulevards. Short-legged like pregnant dachshunds or long-legged like os- Ihey hide tumors or under their clothes, triches, bruises squeeze themselves- into corsets and stuff-.lheir brassieres with cottonwool." This description of the Soviet zines and publishing houses. woman by satirist Yuli Daniel displeased the.authorities. For smuggling it and other writings abroad, he was brought to trial in 19GG, convicted of anti-Soviet agitation and propaganda, and sentenced to five years in a labor camp. His fellow writer, Andrei Sin- yavsky was tried with him on the same charge and sentenced to seven years. i Future Dim Their future, even after their Soviet writers, as in the West, work mostly at home, and collect royalties in relation to sales. The good ones get rich, as sometimes happens in the capi- alist' world. About 1,500' professional writers live in the Moscow area, the cultural hub of the Soviet Union; sentences dim. are completed, is The Sinyavsky-Daniel case illustrates what may befall the author in the Soviet Union who gives free rein to his imagination, and circumvents censorship to publish unapproved opinions. September marked the fourth anniversary of the arrest of Sin- yavsky and Daniel. It probably will give Soviet writers cause for reflection on just what the possibilities are for a literary man in present-day Soviet society., ' " .. In a word, they are limited-artistically. Financially, if the writer be- 1 haves, they are almost unlimited.. ; "The big ones are millionaires," says one bearded writer who is not so big. But even the average writer makes a good living by any standard. Once he is elected to membership in the Writers Union he .gains "approved" status and doors are opened to lucrative assignments, : from maga- They are ail considered part of artsy Moscow character who is the propaganda machine and they · are treated with special care, indicating Kremlin respect for the power of the printed word. the mpsl.conservalive critics. Nevertheless, a pattern' of Teezes and thaws has characterized the Soviet literary scene since the 1917 Bolshevik revolution. The liberal writers now appear to ; be trying to maintain Dy ex-Premier Nikita Khrushchev in 1962. This summer, some liberals feared more ground would be lost .in. the aftermath of novelist Anatoly Kuznetsov's defection to London. But the only appar-l ent repercussion so far seems to be a .tightening of restrictions-probably temporary--on foreign travel i'or writers. To some degree, painters, sculptors and musicians are obliged to "build communism" as well. Glorify Workers They are told to concentrate their production on folk themes, glorifying workers and Communist ideals. Thus a typical art exhibit in Moscow is heavily .weighted with statues and paintings, of welders, field hands, construction workers and soldiers. Balancing is the key for artists and musicians who want to try something new. Ilya Glazunov t a long-haired, popular in the foreign colony, held a public showing this summer of his recent drawings and paintings. A huge portrait of Lenin and some drawnings of Everything they put on paper North Vietnamese peasants should be a contribution to the were balanced with a small oil 'building of communism," say of a young nude. He escaped criticism this time, 'although the press had hit him in the past for his "vulgar and decadent" paintings. All Soviet "culture workers," as' they arc called, are harnessed by a theory of art and what is left of the thaw started literature known as "socialist realism," or the Communist education of the masses through culture. This theory, which Western critics say has destroyed Russian literature, was first worked out in the 1920s by Maxim'.Gorky, Andrei Zhdanov and Joseph \.'-- Stalin. It became cohipulsory'lri 1932. Socialist realism is defined as the "truthful, historically concrete presentation of reality in it* revululionary development" which "must be combined with the task of the ideological remaking and education of the workers in the spirit of social{cm " ' ' Jolll. One wit long ago .described it in simpler terms: "Boy loves girl; girl loves tractor." . While socialist realism is compulsory, it is enforced by human beings, and. some interpret it. less dogmatically than others. " . . , .'. And the resulting squabble between, the two . extremes provides -outsiders with one of the most fascinating .duels now visible in the would-be Soviet monolith. . · The names of the liberals are more familiar in the West than the conservatives because . the liberals are more often .under attack. They. make more news. There is no leader orspokes-. man but the most prominent liberal now in. a responsible position is Alexander .Tyardovsky, editor of -the courageous literary monthly Novy Mir-- or New World. - . . . - · . · His friends say he will retire this fall -- either because of a chronic liver ailment or political pressure, or both. Tvardovsky's colleague, Boris Folevoy, editor of Yunost-- Youth-- a sister monthly that publishes fiction with a youthful outlook, is a close second. Both men and both magazines have been under sporadic attack from orthodox critics and Communist party hacks for years. Backs Liberals Dozens of writers add their voices to the liberal cause. Novelists Alexander Solzhenitsyn, Vasily Axyonov, Viktor Nekra- sov and poet Andrei Vozneseu- sky are among the foremost. In the other corner; there is an .assortment of self-confident conservatives who run the establishment press. Mikhail- Sholokhov, aging, hard-drinking Nobel Prize-winner who helped lead the attack on Sinyavsky and Daniel, is the best known. Others more active these days in the party cause include Tvar- dovsky' rival, Vesvolod Kochetov, editor of the extreme right- wing monthly Oktyabr, or-- October, a magazine of the same physical format as Novy Mir. The much-divided cultural establishment has an illegal element that has been part of the Soviet literary scene for decades. This is tlie underground press, known popularly as "Samizdat" from the Russian words"sam" meaning "myself," and "izdatelslvo," meaning "publisher." Books such as Solzhenitsyn's "Cancer Ward" and "The First Circle," Pasternak's "Doctor Zhivago," and hundreds of works by established and budding talents which could not pass censorship, circulate in typewritten form. Friends pass them on to reliable friends, sometimes on the condition that after reading the manuscript they type .up a new copy with a few carbons. residents of Mosc to smuggle these London, Rome, York for transla lishing. _ Art Undtr ."Artists have ground as well, s other, or to fore times for very hig It is not strictly artist to paint or s other than socialis as. rule he cannot to exhibit · abstra mental works. The Soviet pre live in the watch veying the culti harsh terms. In the old day lin's time, it was writers to pub: when they were wrote that "tears running over my s Today's attack leas sharp, and less abject. Some tim is allowed to sivs stsncG. Novy Mir, for lislicd an answer series of attacks its content a,s gloi ficiently optimists r ar-out, expert still finds tough p cultural circles. I ravdfl nas d tronic music as sense, saying sc are trying to na between figures o music and people Imitation bacon interesting addit It -is not unusual for foreign chicken breading , v ' i : '·. ' "". '. pub- apologies al music in Soviet described elec- Mon., Oct. G, 1969 GREELEY TRIBUNE Page 13 Beet Acreage Allotment Set For Year ffll WASHINGTON (AP) - The Agriculture Department announced Friday a national sugar beet acreage allotment for 1970 in an effort to balance future needs with a record crop expected this year. This will be the first year for sugar beet acreage restrictions since 1966. The 1970 allotment will be 1,450,000 acres, compared with 1,660,000 planted this year without restrictions. Sugar beet production this year is expected to be a record 27.7 million tons, 9 per more than the 1968 crop, and 44 per cent more than in 1967. About 30 per cent of the nation's annual sugar requirement is provided by domestically li grown sugar beets, about 10 per cent from sugar cane and remainder from offshore suppliers, including Hawaii, Rico and foreign growers. The department said alloca- tion of "proportionate shares"-acreage allotments--was "necessary in order to avoid production of more beet sugar than will be needed to meet the quota and carryover requirements." A public hearing on possible acreage allocations included: Colorado 172,178; Kansas 39,662; Montana 61,003; Nebraska 77,628; New Mexico 5,460; Utah 30,008; Wyoming 58,943, and held in reserve 1,000. South Viet Premier Raps Desertions SAIGON (AP) -- Premier Tran Thien Khiem has distributed a directive calling for strong measures against military men and civil servants who refuse to return to South Vietnam after receiving training abroad, the government news agency said today. Vietnam Press reported the lirective said that In "the present war situation, this de- serlion from service cannot be tolerated, especially when it is committed by elements who lave enjoyed such privilege." The instructions called for punitive measures, including prosecution before military There was no mention of how many persons might be involved. cent directive the stern Puerto courts. I LOWEST RATES IN TOWN! NO JOB TOO SMALL For Your Carpentry Needs CALL D D, 353-7230, day I or night, 906 31st Ave,, Apt. A. Shop open 7 days a week. (David Discoe, Owner) Y O U R F A M I L Y S T O R E PROTEST LEADER -- Framed by National Guard tear gas gun (left), bayonets and a motion picture camera, the Rev. James E. Groppi, in sunglasses, address students and welfare demonstrators during rally on Wisconsin Capitol steps. The priest led two days of Capitol Square picketing after he and welfare recipients marched 90 miles to Madison.to protest welfare cuts in slate budget. (AP Wirephoto) Hospital Service Inc. Reminder If you are paying more than the following monthly rates for your Hospital-Medical- Surgical plan -- you are paying too much: Husband, wife and all unmarried children under 18 yrs. . . · $16.85 Husband a n d wife , . . . . $13.90 Individual . . ^ . . . . $ 7 . 2 5 Also ' '·:'·";','·.-· " ; ' : · ; , ; ; ' · ; , . . . . . Check our excellent Benefits. THERE IS NO DEDUCTIBLE Benefits Begin the First Day of Hospitalization Hospital Service Inc. S2611thAve. Phone 353-7845 Gr«el«y, Colo. Evenings 353-6195 KFKA Building-American General Office Larry W. Irslk Weld County Representative , ^ ^T*^* ^ ^^ -^-^-^y- -^-~^y- -^- ~^~ 3RATION SYNOPSIS: Our story began in 1923 when August Eaker opened his first store, the Community Department Store. It was a friendly store, operated with old-fashioned integrity and service. Years passed, and Gus' sons and son-in-law joined him in the store. Together they opened other stores. Then, in 1952, a new chapter was written when the A. G. Eaker Co. was formed. Now there are 15 modem Baker's stores, operated wjth the same old-fashioned integrity and friendly service. The secret is that they care! PRINCIPALS: YOU ... our customers and friends, the stars of the story. i$fe OUR BUYERS .. who have combed the markets to bring you exceptional values for this celebration. Who have marked down merchandise from stock as their way of saying, "Thank you for your support during, the past years." OUR MANAGERS and THEIR STAFFS ...who are eagerly awaiting the participation of the star characters, YOU I PLOT: To keep right on growing with the community, and to serve you in the best way possible supplying good quality merchandise at a moderate price. To give, friendly, courteous service and convenient shopping. LOCATION : The action takes place in all 15 Eaker's stores. TIME: This installment begins UL I UDCK uthfiyby and continues thru October 18th. WILL OUR HERDS AND HEROINES FIND EX- CEPTIONAL VALUES IN EVERY DEPARTMENT? CAN THEY HOPE TO FIND SAVINGS ON ITEMS FOR THEMSELVES, THEIR FAMILIES, THEIR HOMES? , *^ ( YES! And you, too, can find happiness with the exciting items on sale for this celebration I) » DHJVlR 3811 Tennyson · AURORA Montview plaza Center · FT. COLLINS University Plaza Center · DENVER MarlM Manor Center · BOULDER Table Mesa Center · FT. MORGAN ?27 Main St. · DENVER Athmir Fa* Center · ENOUWOOD Centennial Centtr · GREELEY VVilsMre Center l APPLEWOOO 3300 Younslield · GOLDEN 111) Washington A«, · PUEBLO 3056 W. Northern · ARVADA 9771 W. ESth AVI. · LITTLETON B-oadway Litilaian Blvd. · PUEVLO Belmon; Center

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