The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on December 26, 1950 · Page 4
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Tuesday, December 26, 1950
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PAGE FOUR BLYTHEVTLLB, (ARK.) COURIER NEWS THE BLYTHKV1LLE COURIER NEWS THE COURIER NEWS CO. H W. HAINES, Publisher HARHV A RAINES, Assistant Publisher A. A. FREORICKSON, Editor PAUL D. HUMAN. Advertising Manager Sol« National Advertising Representatives: Wallace Wilmcr Co,, New York, Chicago. Detroit. Atlanta, Memphis. Entered as second class matter at the post- office at niythei'ille, Arkansas, under act ol Con- press, October 9, 1917. Member of The Associated Press SUBSCRIPTION RATES: By currier in the. city of Blythevllle or an} suburban town where carrier service is maintained, 25c per week. By mall, within R radius of 50 miles S5.00 per year, $2.50 for fix months, $1.25 for three months; by mail oulsfde 50 mite zone, $12.50 per year payable in advance. Meditations Retuvfri, when 1 gave all diligence to write unto you of the common sahalien, it was needful for me fo write unln you, ami rxhorl you Unit ye .should rami-sUy contend for the faith which was once delivererl ujito the saints.—Jitde 1:3, * * + Faith in Gori, fr.ilh in man. faith in work: this is the short formula in which we may sum up the teachings nf the founders of New England—a creed ample enough for this life and the nest.—Lowell, Barbs No mntfer what you do wrong, .sonic-one always knew you would] * * * The nlioriiskin desired hy n lot of mlk-fie men ! Js the one that lines an aviator's helmet. * * * We stil) think the greatest, peace pipes are -those blowing out. smoke above factories. * * * ; folks whn haven't the nerve often RO to the dentist because thpy rlo have * nerve. * * * Marriage is H lottery, 5ays n judge. Maybe that's o'hy too many people want another chance. Eisenhower's Task in Europe Tougher Than World War II Better than almost nny man alive, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower lias come ; to symbolize the hopes of free men. There will be supreme fiulh in him as he begins building a unified European defense force. Accepting this crucial 'responsibility undoubtedly represents a real sacrifice for the general. He likes his job as president of Columbia University. Recently he bought a farm near Gettysburg, Pa., and lie was planning to spend a lot of time there. Moreover, he's past 60, and he's troubled by high blood pressure. But he was the unanimous choice l of the 12 Atlantic Pact countries and he has responded to the call of duty as one would expect him to do. Said Prcs- ident Truman in announcing his selection: "His experience and talents make . him uniquely iiualified." Some military men believe Eisenhower will have more authority in his new post than he did as Allied commander in Europe during World War II. He probably will need it, for he faces a task of extreme difficulty. In World War II, the general's en. emy was already declared when he took over. He knew what he was up against. He knew, too, that Germany was being engaged heavily hy Russia in the East, and that he wouldn't have to combat the Nazis' full power. This time that same Russia i.s the potential, though not the declared enemy. But Soviet forces are not now actively engaged anywhere, nor is anyone likely to divert their attention seriously from (he West. China, JJic only big nation at Russia's back door, is a friend. Furthermore, the Soviet Union, though her soldiers are doing no shooting, is waging a strange, unorthodox kind of warfare against the West, She prods her satellites and other friends to embroil western armies in combat that fritters away their .strength. Meantime, she indulges in an endless campaign of harassment in the United Nations and on the political, diplomatic and psychological fronts generally. Only Moscow knows, of course, when this weird struggle may enter a decisive shooting phase. It is for that that Eisenhower must make his army ready. Under present plans he will command a force of 55 to 60 divisions, backed up by Atlantic and Mediterranean fleet* and large air elements. But only » small part of the ground forces, estimated at one million men, is now in being. The remainder will not be ready until late 1953, according to existing schedules. _ One of the first things Eisenhower will need to del ermine is whether this force and ths timetable for its establish- ment are adequate to meet the possibl* perils of the days ahead. P^isonhowcr is a genuine leader, with the qualities of both general and statesman. Hjgii among those attributes is a hard-headed sense of realism. Free men here and in Kurope are counting upon him to give it to them straight—to tell them exactly how big their armies must be and how fast I hey must be built up to be reasonably safe against Russian attack. Lewis Behavior-Pattern Shows Again John L. Lewis, (he professional nonconformist, already is acting'like a man who has no intention of cooperatingWith the government in the current emergency. He has signified refusal to recog- >me the authority of the Wage Stabilization Board, and he sent an underling to a mooting of top labor and government people in Washington. Lewis, who ordered four coal strikes, in I!) l:l, a critical war year, clearly would not hesitate to interrupt defense activity in another crisis. The United Mine Workers' contract does not expire until April I, lt!51. That gives President Truman and his key labor advisers about three months in which to prepare to deal with Lewis this time. They should be ready for uny . eventuality and should be equipped to cope swiftly with any .serious interference with the flow of vital fuel to defense industries. Views of Others Now Is the Time for All-Out Mobilization Thomns E. Dcwcy. still titular lender of the Republican Party by virtue of having been its last presidential nominee stands today ivith those who urge all-out mobilization of American strength to fight the undeclared war in which we are now embroiled. Ills speech in New York, preceding by 24 hours President Truman's report to the American people, assures the country of bipartisan support for the strongest type of military ami economic measures. Governor Dcwcy In his specific recommenda T tions went heyoml anything that had .been proposed by the administration; but. In our opinion, he did not he could not—go too far. There is need for the best military advice on the number of divisions, air groups and naval ships we can muster. Governor Dewcy's suggestions were merely an Indication of the magnitude of what should be done. There shouirt be no argument about the need for producing weapons and molding military manpower into effective units. Half-way measures would be worse than none. These words of Governor Dewev are a butrle call: •;-•;" "In a world of brtite force (here is freedom only for the brave. If we are not prepared to /;glu for our freedom, then we shall surely lose It. H we are prepared to fight, we still could win." The appointment of Charles E. Wilson to direct the mobilization of industry is a sign that we really mean business. He' must be given the authority he will need. And the greatest possible number of men must be in uniform at the earliest possible date, trained to u.se the weapons which will be produced under his direction. —ATLANTA JOURNAL No Penny Post Cord? We are templed lo r\ish nut and buy a penny post card to send our two bits' worth of advice to Postmaster Donaldson. He wants to up the penny post c.-ud to '>c. \\'r. sas': Don't do it. Cut the post card in two. if that will help get the Post Office Department out of the red. or halve the stamp. He can abolish the side for the message, leaving spncc lor the address only, and we shall not complain. But in tnis hom of crashing creeds and crumbling; morals, leave us at k'nst this one landmark of fairer days, ihis reminder of a sounder pre-49c, dollar economy. -DALLAS MORNING NBWS So They Say I'm glad my playing days are over. . . . if s might good to walch it ilootballi from the bench. The only things that get hurt there are your eardrums.—aN. Y. Giantj football coach Steve Owen, commenting on the improved brand of profe.isional football of the present day. * * * When we catch up with one of them cNorth Korean Reds), he is likely lo IK waving a south Korean flog and claimini? he is just another farmer out for a walk and we can't smell the difference.—1st Marine Regiment executive officer Lt. Col. Robert Rlckert. t t • We are facing a crisis today because of our failure to admit. Negroes to partnership In our public life. By doing so now. the South can lap new resources of ability and slatesmanfhip.— Southern Regional Council president Paul D Williams. * * > • So long as Communist acgrcssor* control great armies and great land masses, we in this country must be prepared, every hour and every day. to light fo rpcace.—Sen. Lyndon Johnson (D,, Texj He's Not Fireproof. Either TUESDAY. DECEMBER M, Peter Edson't Washington Column — Death and Excess Profits Tax Just Seem to Be Inevitable By I'ETKR KDSOX N'KA Washington Correspondent WASHINGTON (NBA)— In spite of protests from business, Congress low seems determined to pass some kind of an excess profit.s tax. The only question is what kind, how big. and what exemptions. Hundreds of echnical difficulties are bein; raised- H is Impossible lo know what the final version will contain, since this will have to be worked out in ices 17 per cent, finance, Insurance and real estate 11 per cent, and public utilities 6 per cent. This last figure explains why the House put a provision in its bill tvl- i lowing public utilities a 6 per cent j return on their capital, and rail- I roads 5 per cent, before applying ! excess profits tax. | lint,- Haunt Bill Works | In general terms, the House-passed excess profit.s tax formula may not mean much to the individual income taxpayer. It calls for a I 75 per cent tax on a company's Se <ate gets through amending the House- Peter Edsnn passed bill. Three factors seem to have in- uenced Congress to pass an excess profits tax. Perhaps the most important wa.s psychological. While men are getting- killed and wound - cd and frozen in Korea, no other sacrifice seems loo great for those who stay at home. Secondly, the government collected nearly S40 billion from excess profits, taxes In 1940-43. Finally, corporation profits this year are expected to reach an all-time high of over $24 billion after taxes, it's too Important a source of revenue to overlook, no matter what the difficulties In collecting it. j Treasury Department's final all-j dit of corporation income taxes has! been completed only through 1947. j But for the 383.000 corporations] with net income that year, it shows J average earnings of 13 per cent on 1 net worth, after taxes. Corporations [ reporting no net income numbered 100,000. For mining companies the rate ol! income in 1047 was 12 per cent. For! manufacturers 13 per cent, con- ! struction 20 per cent, agriculture i 15 per cent, trade 19 per cent, serv- 1 525,000 of income would be exempt from this tax. to aid small businesses. That's the floor. The ceiling would be 67 per cent of any company's earnings. In the last war it was 60 per cent. Senate tax leaders think it should be cut to 60 per cent. When a tax expert sits down and applies, this formula to any company's earnings, it becomes a litlle clearer. Here are two examples which are said to be nvern^e cases: Company A has 15 million invested capital and average earnings for best three years of the 1946-49 base period ol $1 million. First, the present normal Income lax liability of 20 per cent and the. surtax of 25 per cent would be applied to its earnings. The excess profits tax would be an additional 30 per cent, to make up the total rate of 75 per tent. This rate would ^ be applied on earnings over 85 per j cent of the base period average. If Company A earned only $500.000. or 10 per cent on Its capital in 1950, It would pay no excess profits tax It could earn up lo 5850.000 without paying excess profits tax. But if Company A earned 20 per cent on it.s invested capital, or 41 million In 1950. the last. 15 per cent (nil above 85 per cent) or $130.000 would be subject lo the 30 per cent excess profits tax. This would be 545,000. As it.s normal taxes and surtaxes would amount to $443.750, Company A's total tax would be »4M,'?50— or Just under 49 per cent. If Company A earned $2.000.000 iu IOSO, all over M50.OOO would be subject to excess profits lax. This would be |1.150,COO. At. 30 per cent, the excess profit.s tax would be S345.COO. Normal and surtaxes would be $893.000. Total taxe-s $1,233.150. This is roughly 62 per cent of Income, tinder the 67 per cent maximum collectable. Bij Cpmpanle* Hart An Alternative Under an r.lternative formula in the House-passed bill, allowances would be done by allowing the company a 12 per cent return on 11.7 first $5 million of equity capital. 10 per cent on the. $5 million and 8 per cent on all above $10 million. To illustrate, take the case of Company B. with $20 million capital and base period average earnings of 5 per cent, or $1 million. Its allowances in this case would be $600.000 .earnings on the fir.st $5 million capital, 'plus $500.000 on the second $5 million and SBflO.ODO on the last $10 million. Total allowance. $1.900,000. Company B could make this $1,900.000 without having lo pay excess profit.s taxes. If it made $2 million, however, H would have lo pay the 30 per cent excess profits tax rale on the, last S100.0CO. This would be $30.000. As its normal and surtaxes would be $393,750, total taxes would be S923.750. Actually, the Republican substitute excess profits tax proposed in the House would have raised more revenue. The Hrnise-passed version gives smaller business a better break at !he expense of big business. IN HOLLYWOOD BT KR5KINK JOHNSON NFA Staff Cnrrrspnmlent HOLLYWOOD —(NEA>— Now H, Daffy Di-fmillfm can be told dcpt.: Krrol Plynn | Jack Paar. to a Scotch contestant turned down "King Solnmnn's | on his radio qui?. show who said ne Mines." 'I'he reason Hollywood lias j wa.s a musician and played a saxo- a new slar. Stewart Grancer. who i phone and a bagpipe: "Well, that's was Imported from England for she j not so strange. A bagpipe is just a role. . ] S« HOLLYWOOD mi Page 6 The turn of events In Korea has Hob Hope talking to himself. He told me: "Just before we lefr Korea I was cracking jokes about plaiirs in the sky being point killers because the war was over. Our Jet bombers couldn't find any tarzpts. Our last show was In PyotiEvansz. There was a ISQO-bcd hospital thctc without a siiiRie patient. Il's still blonile Lola Albright as the next .Mrs. Jack Carson «lirn .lark's divnrrr from Kny St. r.rr- mnlnp becomes final rarty next \p»r. . . . Kalhrrinp Hepburn's serrct-iry, Kstellp Morrison, may become hrr slslrr-ln-law. She's Kfcharrt Hrp. burn's bit; romanrr. . . . G t] r s s Shakrs|ir.irr Im'l mrat anil potatoes tn r.ltijtrr Rogers ,-inrt r.ree niulirr. Thry If It In the midtlle of Katie's "A, you I.lkf. fl" ni, ||, r slajte here. • • • Milton Hill says he overheard this conversation between two milkmen serving a neighborhood Inhabited by film executives, First milkman: " cot nrd»r.t for six more quarts today." Second mm.: "New hahics?" First mm,: • Nnw, new ulcers" Todays shuddery communlmir- Bill I'hlpps will murder Arlrne n^lil by the livp Mr- am mnhod in Mo.M's "No Questions Asked." • JACOBY ON BRIDGE By OSWALD JACOBY Written for SEA Service Even the Experts Make Mistakes One of the nice thinzs about watching any bridge game is that you're bound to see somebody make A mistake. When that somebody happens to be a famous expert plr.v::;* in a world's championship, you feel a bit better about- your own mistakes. When my team played in the recent world's championship In Bermuda. 1 didn't make a single mistake—because pressure of busl- nes prevented me from joining my team-mates on that pleasant little Island. That's the only thing that saved me .however, for i[ you olayj enough hands you're hound to make a mistake sooner or later. For example, here's a startling error, as reporfed 3y my friend AI- Ired Shelnwold, who covered the match for me. AK usual in a '.earn ina'rh. Ihc hand was played In two different i r nms. In lhe first rnom an Kng- j Ush expert cami i cropper. He ruff-1 ed ihe opening spade lead and decided to .set up his diamonds before tackling Ihe trumps. At the second trick he led to dummy's ace of diamonds, and at. the third trick he led the king of diamonds from dummy. That was the end ol that hand! East ruffed the king of diamonds and returned a club. Now declarer was bound lo lose another diamond trick and a club, for down one. In the other room, the hand was played by John R. Crawford, of Philadelphia. He ruffed the open- Ing spade lead and led a trump from his hand at once, finessing dummy's ten. Ke next rutted an- NORTH AJ ioa *KJ 10 » AK10S3 WKST (») AK93 EAST * AQ7654Z + Q653 + KIO: SOUTH VA754JJ » 752 E-W rul. We* Nortfc r.u* Smrtft Pas* I » .2 A .IV 3 4V 4 V P»s» Pass 4 4t Pass Pass 5 ? Double Pass Pass Pas« Opening lead—* 3 Allies'German Gamble Can Be Justified B} DeWlTT MacKKN/.IK AP Korfixn Affairs Analyst The sensational move ol the Western POMM m bargaining nith West Germany for use of her manpower In defense against any lied thrust, from Moscow naturally invites sp-cut?.'.!™. of whether a similar deal with Japan might eventuate. The position of the West Germans and the Japanese In relation to the Communist threat Is similar. other spade and led another trump towards dummy, picking -,ip the rest of the trumps. At Ihis point Crawford wa.s sure to make the'hand if he could unr.j Ttie DOCTOR SAYS B.v EDWIN !'. JORDAN', M. I). Written for NKA Service Whether to take the tonsils out or leave them in is .1 Question faced every year by thousands of parents and doctors. Each time the problem Is a llile different, but here Is a typical one: "We have a little girl who will soon be three years old. She 1m such bad tonsils that during the winter months she has one cold aHer another and also gets the croup. Her appetite Is poor and right, now she has .some fever off and on. Some doctors tell us taking the tonsils out will help and others that It may make (he croup worse. What, shall we do?" This is indeed a tough problem. It certainly sounds as though thus little girl's troubles came from her tonsils. But she is young and may outgrow the symptoms. It is true, too, that no one can be sure that her croup would not get worse rather than better. Of course I cannot answer the question because that, can be decided only by the parent.s and the doctors who are familiar with all the circumstances —state of the child's heart, for example. There are some recognized rea- srais for not taking out the tonsils. Among thr.se are the presence of acute inflammation, tuberculosis of the lungs, several blood disorders and diabetes. The reasons for taking out tonsils are not always so clear-cut. Frequent attacks of acute tonsillitis is one. Difficulty In swallowing, breathing or talking caused by enlarged tonsils is another. Catarrh or other infection of the middle ear is usually reason enough to remove them also. Also It there is cause to believe that chronic infection of the tonsils is causing: 'Bright'* disease, arthritis. or other dlfficultes elsewhere n the body, they arc better out. Always A Risk Even though removal of the tonsils is an operation probably done more often than any other it is not something to clash into without good reason. In m^ciy 'younErslnrs it had done a lot o'f good fmj- a-xn for Instance) but there are many factors to take-into account in each case. Furthermore even this operation is not entirely without risk, dimish' the risk is very slight, nnd there is no use doing it unless there is a mighty good chance that it will improve the health. The Allied need In both Iheatres Is similar. The Western powers have fiij filled the expectation (hat they would offer Western Germany sweeping concessions In exchange for the use of German Iroops for defensive purposes. The Bonn g^^.* ernment is .considering propottM, which would lift most of the severe controls and grant virtual Independence. Thai's an amazing departure from the terms of unconditional surrender imposed on the defeated Reich five years ago. It's a"n about face-whirl) will cause some heart-burnings among Allied peoples. And It will create some actual fcnrs in Western European countries which have felt the tread of hob-nailed German infantry, (iamlile Is Justified Still, while resentment and anxiety are understandable, the consensus of objective observers is that the Allied gamble is justifiable. Ai this column has pointed out more than once. Germany as the keystone of central Europe is vilal to successful defense against any assault from Eastern Europe. I" considering this strange situation we must remember that the world picture has changed completely since the world war ended We have had the development, of the Communist global offensive. That has placed Russia again;* all her old Allies, and It has push'* the former axis powers into th« camp of the democracies—their recent-enemies. So Germany by force of circumstances Is now a natural ally of tht Western powers. Therefore 'her rearmament, becomes a logical devel- • oprnent—always provided there ar. safeguards which preclude another German war of aggression. The peoples of the Western European countries are entitled to that. Japan Also I> BaluiM This' brings us up to the other even more startling Idea that Japan is in much the same category «« Germany. Just as the Reich used to be the balancing power of continental Europe, so Japan held » similar position in the Far East. With safeguarded rearmament Japan could become « powerful unit In the defense of Asia against the Red drive which daily Is becoming more Intense. Of course such German and Japanese participation in general <)e- fense would have to be voluntary. There is no thought of using compulsion to bring them in. That ought not to be necessary, for the governments and the ways of life in both countries are threatened by communism. There is no earthly reason why America and the other democracies should shoulder the whole burden of tills defense which Is a matter of common concern. We shall, I believe, bear -a lot more about, these possibilities In the not distant future. _< P.S. And Generalissimo Chia™ Kai-shek has on the island of Formosa an army of half a million trained • Chinese troops who are n-niliriB for a call to action. But maybe we shouldn't bring that un here. in four diamond tricks. Tills could not be done if he mni|e the mistake of. laying down dummy's ace i and king. | Crawford could afford to lay down the nee of diamonds, but then he ruffed a spade in. order to lead the next diamond from his own hand. If West played low. the ten of diamonds would be finessed from dummy, when West actually played the queen of diamonds. Crawford let him hold the trick. Since East failed to follow silit the situation was then perfectly clear. West returned a. club to south's ace. Declarer (hen finessed dummy's ten of diamonds and easily made the rest of the suit. He was thus able to discard two of his low clubs, and made his contract. 7 5 Year* Ago Today John Hancock, of Greenville, Miss., who lived here, for'». mim-. •• ber of years spent Christmas in th« city. Miss Eva Berger. formerly of hers and now of Harrisburg. ill., is the guest of her aunt, Mrs. Morris Zellner and Mr. Zellner, Mr. and Mrs. N. H. Wadley of Memphis, spent yesterday with Mrs. Wadley's mother, Mrs. T. J. Crowder and family. Mr. and Mrs, A. C. Haley. »nd daughter. Carolyn, spent yesterday in Dyersbnrg. Tenn.. , 5 the iuest of Mrs. Haley's brother. Mr. and Mrs. Pnul Hucklrw, of Oklahoma City, Okla., are guests of their son, Paul Hucklns Jr. »ntt Mrs. Huckins, for several dayn. Cinema Star Answer to Previous Pun!* HORIZONTAL 1,8 Depicted actor II School book 13 Journeyed I-l Auricle 15 Chemical dyesluff 17 Peer Gynt'» mother ISStiuU 19 Lured 21 Symbol for thoron 22 Article 23 Railroad (ab.) 25 Hurl 27 Lampreys 30 Against 31 On top 32 Versifier 33 Coin, as money 3-1 Nobleman 35 Units of energy 36 Symbol lor selenium 37 French island 38 Mystic syllable 40 Claims justly 46 Hawaiian bird 48 Many of roles have been he-man parts 50 Wireless • 51 Uncle Tom's friend 52 Hospital resident doctor M Annoy 55 Hideouj monslerj 57 Sails aloft VERTICAL 1 Alp.oTiquian Indian 2 Shakespearean king 3 Swiss river 4 Highway (ab.) 5 Sharp 6 Departed "i Symbol for gold 8 Italian community 9 For fear that 10 Paradise 12 Decay 13 Twitching 16 Yes (Sp.) 20 Visionaries 22 Flowers 2-1 Withdraw 25 Sleeveless garment 26 Wild ox of 43 Paid .notice In Celebes a newspaper 28 Lengthy 44 Clamp 29 Seaports (ab.) 45 Accomplished 38 He is a native 46 Above of 47 Rowing 39 Chinese implements dynasty 4P Steamer (ab.) 41 Makes 51 Greek letter mistakes 53 Eye (Scot ) 42 Male 55 Thui

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