Muncie Evening Press from Muncie, Indiana on January 2, 1945 · Page 4
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Muncie Evening Press from Muncie, Indiana · Page 4

Muncie, Indiana
Issue Date:
Tuesday, January 2, 1945
Page 4
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HUN C IE EVENING PRESS: 4 Tuesday, Jan. 2, 1915 MUNCIE EVENING PRESS Published Daily Except Sunday by The Press Publishing Company, M uncle, Ind. Wilbur E. Sutton, Editor SUBSCRIPTION RATES Delivery by carrier .and motor routes: 30 cents per week. Sinele coDies 5 cents. By mail In Delaware County and Indiana: $5 00 per year, six months $2.75, three months 11.50, one month 65 cents. Bv mall outside Indiana In United States! $9.80 per year, six months $4.90, there month $2.45, one month 85 cents. Special rate for men and women to the armed lorces anywhere: sa.oo per year, six months $2.75, three months $150. Guest Editorial GENOCIDE By The Washington (D. C.) Post, human creature can read the report the war refugee board without a sense shock and shame. The report pre sent eye-witness accounts of events which occurred at the German extermination Camps of Auschwitz and Birkenau. "So revolting and diabolical are the German atrocities," says the W. R. B. "that the minds of civilized people find it difficult to believe that they have actually taken place. But the govern ments of the United States and of other countries have evidence which clearly sub stantiates the facts: The facts are really quite simple, although gsrhaps somewhat difficult to grasp. In irkenau, between April, 1942, and April, 1944, approximately 1,765,000 Jews were put to death by poison gas In ingenously con structed chambers; their bodies were then The National Whirligig Tha -Haws Bcntoa n Haws" to Oorermnent. financial and Political circlet, Ry Turner Wnintton Albert N. Leman (New Yorm and other competent nationally recognized expert in their respective tie Ida. Copyright, 1M4, McCWa Newipaper Syndicate; i MEMBER OP THE ASSOCIATED PRESS -The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to use for republication all news dispatche credited to it or not otherwise credited to this paper and all of the local news contained i burned in specially designed furnaces; their oi our setDacK WASHINGTON, Jan. 2. Senatorial sleuths will inaugurate investigations VV of our reverses on the military ana diplomatic fronts when the House and Senate convene. Congressional mailbags bulge with questions and complaints from constituents, while members home for the holidays hear from their disillusioned neighbors. The investigators will ,quiz our three top commanders on every angle of Marshal Karl von Rundstedt's break-through. They will ask Chief of Staff Marshall how, in view of the fact that Allied troops in Frartte are said to outnumber the Germans by two to one, the -supposedly weakened foe could achieve such a stunning triumph. Moat important, they will want to know his estimate of how much longer the war will last because herein. WAR'S EFFECTS LAST MANY YEARS : How long is the war going to last? Pc the country and most of it fighting man, nor Vi ana annthpr vpar or T.WOl VctT tha DlallT r ..v. j - uhm0, uvnfn i. 'l. Aijau cant who won't come back, another day or week or I were probably indistinguishable, monin. am ior inoussnus upuu uiinuuuiua ashes were distributed as fertilizer. This process of extermination by gassing was carried on la other camps besides Birkenau; in the main, it was applied only to Jews, Aryans' were generally exterminated by shooting or by injections of phenol. After. their bodies had been shoveled into the zur naces, however, the "Aryan" and Jewish ashes of others it will last for 20 or 30 or 40 years. through the dally reminders of infirmities, shocks, fears and shattered nerves. The causes of these thousands' misfortunes will be forgotten by others as tha years pass and today's sharp events blur and fade. Only the evidence of the misfortunes win remain. And the thousands will become piti able or eccentric old men to their families, their friends, and the casual passers-by. It is always so with war. This year the r umber of neuro-psychiatric patients of World War I admitted to veterans' hospitals is higher than ever before. The peak is ex pected in 194931 years after Armistice Day, For many veterans of 1917-18, the impact of war's peak Intensity did not come in Belleau Wood or Chateau Thierry. It awaits them in the years ahead. : And it will be so after this war. The Vet' erans Administration already is looking to ward the peak year of lavs, wnen it is ex pected that 300,000 beds In veterans' hos pltals will be needed to care for this war's surviving casualties. Already there are 90,000 beds in 94 hospitals, and 10.000 of those beds have been added since the G. I. Bill of Rights was passed. In many ways problems of military medi cine are easier in this war. Speed of trans portation, sulfa drugs and use of blood plasma have saved countless lives. Many wounded soldiers and sailors today are back in service after recovering from wounds that would have meant death or permanent disability in the last war. But there are new problems, too. While there are no gas cases today, there are more burns than in World War I. There are more and severer neuroses, the consequence of history's most terrible war. There are stub born, recurrent tropical fevers. To combat these Brig. Gen. Prank T. Hines Administrator of Veterans' Affairs, recently established a special medical advisory group in the Veterans Administration. The group includes leading authorities in all special field? of medicine. They will study new problems rising out of this war, advise on procurement of competent personnel for the Administration s expanding neeas, ana ae-termine the research and educational facil ities needed in the Veterans' Administration and co-operating agencies. This new group is another example of the Veterans' Administration's zealous discharge of its duties. But the best efforts which it can give can only repair some of war's dam ages. For many it can only minister, not cure, as the war becomes a dim memory, but suffering and sorrow remain. But though there may be no cure for these patients, it is possible to prevent a recurrence in another 25 vears. That, however, is a task for the world's leaders of governments, not its physicians. .. . ' Tfc 4a a WifcfalrA Y"oVi t t-vm a11 Hscts killing "atrocities. An atrocity is a wanton brutality. There were unspeakable atrocities at Auschwitz and Birkenau. But the point about these killings is that they, were sys tematic and purposeful. The gas chambers and furnaces were not improvisations; they were scientifically designed instruments for the extermination of an entire ethnic group, On the scale practiced by the Germans this Is something new. And it is this purpose which human beings find it difficult to be lieve or understand. Yet it is a purpose which Hitler has openly avowed. We have never even had a word for it until now. But one has been recently coined by a noted Polish scholar and attorney, Prof. Ra phael Lemkin, now on the faculty of Duke University. He has devised the term geno cide out of the ancient Greek word genos (race, tribe) and the Latin cide (killing) "Genocide," he says in a volume, "Axis Rule in Occupied Europe" recently published by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, "Is directed against the national group as an entity, and the actions Involved are di rected against individuals, not in their indi vidual capacity, but as members of the national group." Thus Jews were gassed at Birkenau and Aryan Poles and Russians and Slovenes were otherwise butchered, not for any crime or any resistance to Axis author. ity but because the Nazis wished to extermi nate the ethnic groups to which they be longed. Health Service ' BY WILLIAM BRADT. JVL D. (Signed letter pertaining to personal health and hygiene, not to disease, diagnoan or treatment will be answered by Dr. Brady if a stamped, self-addressed envelope la enclosed. Letters should be brief and written tn tnk. Owing to the large number of lettera received only a few can be answered here. No reply can be mad to queries not conforming to Instructions. Address Dr. William Brady car The Muncle Press.) "PRESENTEEISM" The army is reported to be considering a plan for honoring workers with uninter rupted attendance records by awarding them pins for "presenteeism. ' The plan was inaugurated by the B. F. Goodrich Co. of Akron, which recently presented pins to more than 400 workers who had not missed a day's work since Pearl Harbor. Considering the pride with which both management and workers wear the Army- Navy E pins, it seems both just and psycho-. logically sound to try out tne uooaricn scheme generally. The country has deplored absenteeism and made great efforts to combat it. And rightly so. But in doing so we have taken for granted those who have stayed on the job. 'Certainly this was no more than their duty, so long as health permitted. But it Is not to be wondered at that some of these faithful workers may have been a little resentful of being. taken constantly for granted. Some tangible form of appreciation is certainly due them ESCAPED PRISONERS NOT DANGEROUS Whenever newspapers tell of German war prisoners in this country escaping from their camps, women shudder and are reanui or harm that may come to them or others at the hands of the fugitives, while men become indignant and think the guards and management of the camps should be drastically disciplined. But considering the large and constantly increasing number of prisoners, the situation really is trivial. In the first place, prisoners rarely escape, and in the second place they are nearly always captured before very long. Think of the handicaps a German has in this country who tries to get away surrounded by millions of English-speaking Americans. It is no wonder, then, that his escape ' seldom amounts to more than a two or three-day outing before he is captured, for the hand of every man, weman and child is turned against him. And the last thine the escapee wishes to do is to harm anybody, knowing that to violate any law would be to bring down the community upon his head. The last thing he wishes is the kind of publicity that would descend upon him by injuring, or even alarming, any American citizen. He is only likely to harm an American if he be driven into a corner from which he sees no escape except through violence. You probably would not care to make a pet of an escaped German war prisoner, but you need not be afraid of him. tiilililln-r-niliinliiill-HI mil I Mr. Roosevelt's famed $1,000 club members may think they will have weighty influence with the administration, but one cannot expect too much for $1,000. Maybe Just another invitation to contribute another $1,000 to Mr. Roosevelt's 1948 campaign. Gen. Ho has been discharged from the Chinese army. t his name only had been Ho-ho," we could have said. "That's funny." Hey, Where's that January thaw? rne New Years resolution to give up smoKing cigaretes snouian t De hard to keep, this year. Pity the kings Their favorite sport, horse racing, has been taken away from them. Maybe we are going to have a "brave, new world," but that cowardly, old world, had its points. Now you may return their lawnmower so you can borrow their snow shoveL Money not only makes the mare go, but about everything else. "Herbert Hoover is living quietly, these days," writes a columnist. Now if he were living noisily. THAT woujjd be news. WHEN THE HAIR FALLS OUT. Following a severe illness the hair of child or adult may fall out because vitality has been sapped or exhausted by the illness, and not vice versa. It is never necessary to clip the hair with the idea of conserving the Datient's strength. So far as health,' vigor or vitality may be concerned, there is only one reason for clipping hair short to facilitate delousing when the hair is heavilv infested with headlice and nits. Ordinarily it is not necessary to cut hair even for this purpose if the infestation is recent and not extreme. For that matter exces sive falling of hair is generally a result or sign of poor health, nutritional deficiency or advancing age. Nutritional deficiency here does not mean that the individual doesn t get enough to eat. On the contrary in most instances persons with nutritional deficiency eat too much food, particularly too much refined carbohydrates they get principally calories and not enough of the essential minerals and vitamins. The excessive falling of hair and early baldness . of old age, like hardening of the arteries, may begin or appear at 30 in some cases, at 50 or 60 in otners. am aoni tase this too seriously, for it is merely a general observation. My arteries are still nice and soft, or reasonably so, although I was sporting a promising bald spot at 30. Massage of the Scalp. Daily massage of the scalp by grasping it with the hand and squeezing folds in your hand as you would squeeze water from a sponge, going over the entire scalp in this way for a minute or two night and morning, is worth while for excessive falling of hair and to prevent premature baldness. I doubt that any mechanical massage is as good as self-massage or hand massage by barber or hair dresser. Only this kneading massage is advisable, not rubbing or friction. Hair Restorers. A number of medicaments are beneficial when applied to the scalp for treatment of disease of the scalp, just as some remedies are useful for the relief or cure of skin disease when applied to the skin. It is absurd to imagine any such agent can either "nour ish" or "feed" the hair or "restore- tne growth of the liair. flair on. Everv hair has its individual oiling system. The duct of the oil gland empties oil into the follicle of cup-shaped depression in which, the root of the hair is embedded. Normally this is the best oil, pomade or dressing and it is secreted in just sufficient quantity to keep the hair in perfect condition. The glands that secrete the oil are identical witn tne sebaceous glands that secrete skin oil upon the entire skin surface except palms, soles and backs of terminal phalanges or fingers and toes. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS. Anyway Don't Cut the Girl's Hair Come. come, you can't have it both ways. Either a heavv mop or hair keeps an Invalid cool or keeps her warm can't you make up your mind? (J. E.) Answer i snu Deneve a penecuy oaiu- headed man cannot endure high body tem-Derature better than a man with his hair on. Anyway, there is no Justification for clipping a girl's hair when she has a fever. Send iu cents and stamped self addressed envelope for booklet "The Hair and Scalp." Sunshine. How many days a week or hours a day should a person be exposed to sunshine? Can a person get too much sunshine? (S. M. J.) Answer As many days or hours as posible. One cannot get too much sunshine, short of sunburn. So They Still Have Croup. My young son Butch has what I think is croup off and on. The other children never have it. So Im anxious to learn why. (Mrs. C. L. E.) Answer Send stamped self addressed en velope for pamphlet on "Croup." How many other children What difference in environment? If Butch has "catarrhal" or "spasmodic" croup and no mistake, it would be in teresting to know why he has it and the other children do not. But then, I had inferred that croup Is passing, because I rarely receive inquiries about it today, whereas it was one of the subjects most frequently asked about in the early years of this service. Gen. Henry H. Arnold, Chief of army air forces, will be questioned on the failure of his fliers to note and report on the tremendous concentration of Nazi armor, planes and men opposite our First, Third and Ninth Armies. Indeed, there are signs that the good-natured "Happy," together with our military intelligence officers, may have, an unpleasant time on the stand. . Adm. Ernest J. King, chief of naval opera' tions. also will undergo a sharp examination. Members want to discover whether he agreed fully with the Roosevelt-Nimitz-MacArthur strateav of attacKing L-ene ana Minooro De fore liquidation of Hitler was assured. They have been told that the need for supplying our Pacific forces prevented him from trans porting sufficient munitions to "Ike" Eisen hower. No major military shakeups will result from the crisis on the western front, in the opinion of key members of our army high command. For one thing, it Is probale that the wahr macht may have been halted and thrown back by the time the Truman-Rayburn gavels hammer for order at the next session. The overseas situation almost parallels the condition at Kasserine Pass In North Africa when Rommel's surprise attack sent our green troops reeling to the rear. Our field commanders had disposed the forces under them in the most effective way possible. Gen. Eisenhower inspected the dispositions and approved them only a few days before the Desert Fox" broke loose. Similarly, he okayed our setup to the Rhine land sector a short time before the van Rundstedt offensive. He may have given his sanction on the basis of faulty informa tion, for which other officers may have to answer. One thing is certain: oen. Marshall will back his front-line commanders to the limit. . Foreign nations, especially the British, have already protested our program of subsidizing cotton for export at a price four cents below the artificially supported do- mestic level of approximately 21 cents. Trade rivals fear that we may apply the same system to other crops wheat and corn, in particular and . they warn that this policy may result in resumption of fierce commercial competition in the postwar years. Dean Acheson, assistant secretary of state recently conveyed, this information at a private session of members of Congress and leading representatives of the industry. He offered no solution, although he hinted that It might be wiser if Washington gave domestic producers an outright subsidy pay ment in place of the present method of making loans on this commodity or buying it through the Commodity Credit Corporation. Under the present arrangement the grower gets around 21 cents through federal aid of one sort or another. The exporter ships it abroad for about 17 cents, and collects the 4-cent differential from Uncle Sam. Our surplus of cotton is extremely large. Brazil is our only competitor at tne moment, with Canada the principal market. The South American country, however, has not seen fit to lodge formal complaints with the State Department. England has. She fears that when India and Egypt return to the production and shipment of cotton at the close of the conflict our export subsidy will deprive them of foreign markets. Senate Republicans may stage the long postponed fight for selection of a bona fide leader of the upper chamber. Final settle ment of this ticklish question was deferred early this year for valid political reasons, but now it may come to a showdown. When Minority Leader Charles L. Mc- Nary of Oregon died, ho other member had preferential claim to his iod. senator Wal lace H. White, Jr., of Maine acted as floor boss during Mr. McNary's illness, but his duties were only routine. The G. O. P.-ers did not relish an lntra-party scrap in a Presidential year, especially as it might have precipitated a head-on collision between isolationists and interventianists. So they permitted Mr. White to carry on as maker of motions. They chose Senator Robert A. Taft of Ohio as chairman of the steering committee, and Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg of Michigan as head of the Re publican conference. It has been a hit-or- miss arrangement, and the party has been deprived of a recognized belligerent spokes man such as it had in its old days of power. Now there is a demand for the formation of a more closely knit, two-fisted organization. WINNING THE WAR. BY ALBERT LEMAN. FTER consultations with top army and navy men, New Yoric corporation executives are convinced that the mili- i tary will take nothing for granted from now on, but will prepare for all possible Axisi A' moves until the day Hirohito is licked. We cannot be sure that von Rundstedt will not strike again in a different sector. In creased enemy patrol activities are reported nortn or Aacnen. More significant, Montgomery's scouts send back word that the Nazis have reduced the flooded areas in the Roer basin by controlling the dams, and have thrown two new bridges across the -river. This looks as if the German Marshal is sopping up the wet country to give his heavy armor a firm dry field from which to plunge at the Junction of the British Second and the American Ninth Army and press on to Antwerp. The Germans may also be secretly concen trating in Rotterdam for a drive over the shortest route to Antwerp. The Dutch city Is large enough to conceal movements of troops and tanks. Fresh dispositions must be made by Eisen hower to meet all threats. This will require additional supplies. Hints from the Pacific that Japanese air power is growing and that more of its naval craft survived Halsey s attack then we had estimated also means extra equipment to deal with that situation, - - . . . Having paid in humiliation and blood for premature optimism and for napping, mil itary authorities are swinging far in the oppO' site direction. In answer to the charge that they may now be getting too tough, they have a stock reply: The only price of excessive planning is complaint from soft elements in the popula tion, and possibly surpluses for a future Con gressional committee to fuss about. The penalties of an unwarranted let-up may be the prolongation of the war and the avoidable deaths of thousands of soldiers and sailors. -Donald M. Nelson, a merchandising expert was inclined to listen to the arguments of business men. But J. A. Krug came to the W. P. B. chairmanship from the navy where he acquired the 'service viewpoint in estimat ing the proper ration between military ana home front requirements. Former Congressman Maury Maverick, In charge of the Smaller War Plants Division, returned from a tour of the battlefields with less positive opinions about the necessity for spot reconversions. Harvard wuuam x, Elliott, head of the Office of Civilian Re quirements, is now overseas to find out for himself whether or not SHAEF exaggerates its needs. Leading Manhattan manufacturers assert that small factory managements and retailers, who are not yet aware of the size of our new commitments, deceive themselves if they think fewer blunders in Washington and ex tra pushes here and there will solve the problems of manpower and materials, and permit industry ana consumers to escape serious sacrifices. Employers will be . hit twice. Stepped-up schedules call for more workers but the new draft will reduce the available supply, Men between the Rzes of 26 and 29 Will don G. I. clothing before February. The 30 to 37 vear stouts cannot be sure of further exemp tions should losses in combat and from dis ease continue at present rates: Selective Service officials question whether parents of fighting sons will be patient much longer while 4-Fs, only slightly inellgiDie draw big incomes and throw cash around as thev did on New Year's Eve. Every time new casualty lists are printed in the news papers the sight of a seemingly healthy young man prompts the query, ' wny isn't ne in uniform?" People cannot understand why a young husky with, say, a punctured eardrum ac cording to his doctor cannot guard a ware house in the U. S. A. alongside an eioeriy civilian watchman who came out of retire ment. "German 4-Fs' seem to De doing pretty well on the Siegfried Line. A campaign against draft dodgers might boost the morale of the survivors of Leyte and Bas-togne. - Industrialists think that some manpower bottlenecks can be eased by federal agencies moviiur into cities all over the country and. after canvassing, requesting nonessential plants to release or "loan" men. War Manpower commission experts con tend that recruiting is only one means. Re scheduling of production, transfer of opera tors within plants, better transportation ana housine will also auement output. The Na tional Housing Agency is building 80.000 home units for the accommodation of addi tional workers and to keep present employes on the job. There are 1,000,000 fewer people on muni tions Dav rolls than a year ago. Discharged war veterans returning to their old positions will not offset the number of young workers taken by Selective Service. More women and persons in peacetime trades must be cauea up. This will squeeze civilian economy. Barbs Have that rosebud mouth, an ad advises the girls. And get nipped in the bud! It's a close contest that has developed be tween King Weather and Or King Coal. In 1920 there were 2,490,000 farms equipped with telephones, while in 1941 the number had dropped to 1,527,000. Could 963,000 farm women on party lines have talked one another to death in 20 years? The "Lame Duck" Congress is attended by many whose goose already has been cooked. In Muncie 25 and 50 Years Ago TWENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO TODAY. TANUARY term jurors: Grand Jury. Charles W. Collins, Center Township: William H. J Foster, Washington Township; John Hunt, center Township; Jacob Ranck, Center Town ship; Henry Swander, Delaware Township; William Black, Delaware Township; Petit Jury, Joseph Stiff ler, Union Township; Roy Brinson, Harrison; John W. Bedwell, Monroe; William L. Waldo, Center; John B. Jackson, Liberty; William Knox, Perry; A. L. Bate-man, Center; Lorlng Brewington, Center: Henry J. Keller, Center; Herbert R. Bard. Center; Henry Trout, Harrison and George Ross, Liberty. A meeting preliminary to the organization of Delaware County for the nation-wide campaign in behalf of the relief of the orphans and others who are starving and freez ing in the countries of the Near East, was held in the Y. M. C. A. this afternoon. A dinner to a number of those interested in the move ment to give further relief to Armenia and other countries that now are in great distress, was served at 12:30 o'clock. Dunkirk has been without coal for domestic consumers for the first few days of the week. Dealers had plenty of coal rolling, but confiscation by the railroads of coal consigned to the Dunkirk men during the miners' strike is the cause of the shortage. In recognition of his service extending over a period or almost 30 years, 37 office employes of the Ball Brothers' Glass Manufacturing Company last night presented M. L. Hageman, chief accountant and auditor of the company, with a large quartered oak easy chair. A company of 100 printers of Muncie Typo graphical Union, No. 332, their families and a few friends dined and listened to an ex cellent musical program in the banquet room of the Young Men's Christian Association, New Year's afternoon. The committee on arrangements was composed of H. A. Brown, Asa Freel and Joseph D. O'Neill. Brief talks were made by Harry D. Stout, Harry F. Guthrie of the Star, Wilbur E. Sutton and Walter S. Steele of The Press; Rufus Hettle and others. O' FIFTY YEARS AGO TODAY. NE man is dead and three others fatally injured, as the result of an effort made early yesterday morning by two freight trains to pass each other upon the same track. The Big Four Railroad Company lost several thousand dollars' worth of property and travel was interrupted the greater part of the day. All who are Interested in the study of art are invited to call this week at No. 622 West Main St., and see the exhibit of the Ivy Art Club, a society of young ladies organized for the purpose of studying art. Yesterday the corps of agents employed in his district was the guest of Henry Groman, district agent of the Singer Sewing Machine Company. They came from all parts of the territory and but few were absent. Frank Mock informally entertained a few of his friends Monday evening, at his home on East Kirby Ave. At 12 o'clock dinner was served, upon which all were merrily feasting as the New Year made its advent. Mrs. Kate Wilson, assisted by Mrs. J. R. Marsh. Mrs. R. J. Beatty. Miss Nadine Wilson, Miss Alice Foulke. Miss Grace Klser and Miss Anna Goddard, received friends last evening at her beautiful home on the corner of Mulberry and Washington Sts. The reception tendered her friends yesterday afternoon from 3 to 6 o'clock by Miss Edith Kirby, assisted by several of her friends, was one of the most charming affairs of the day. Misses Helen Smith, Erma Eiler, Bertha Smith, Helen Hickman, Linnie Coffeen and Agnes Howe received yesterday afternoon at the home of Miss Howe, 325 E. Washington St. Last evening from 8 to 1:00 o'clock at the home of Mr. and Mrs. David Cammack, S24 W. Jackson St., Misses Grace Cammack, Clara Arthur, Cora Emerson, Lillian Mitchell, Sarah Hathaway, Winifred Smith, Mayme- Hockett, Ada Cammack, Martha Thomas, Alice Hamilton and Clara Koons received their many friends In a very pleasant manner. Ray Johnson returned to Chicago University last evening. Side Glances (If! Sift Mm w 1 M - m 1 & f eom mi nr wtA ataviet, me. r. m e. o. a wt. of "I'm standing guard for Papa and Mama who are not feeling well and asked me to see that nobody for heaven't ake rings the door bell 1" Fair Enough BY WESTBROOK PEGLEK. NEW YORK, Jan. 2. Among oth ers who closely watched the work of the Political Action Committee in the late campaign, I have realized that this group accomplished a feat of organization and propaganda tne like of which this country has never seen. Hitler and the Nazi Party per. formed similarly in Germany, how' ever, and the Communists, who are never too proud to adopt an effec tive weapon of the opposition, learned lessons from them and applied them to the election of Roosevelt. Mr. Roosevelt, of course, is able to say now that no single group among the following that piled up his rela tively small popular plurality was directly responsible for his victory Sidney Hillman and the Communists could not have won for him without the Solid South which has a strong if currently dormant, anti-JewLsli and anti-Catholic prejudice. Nor could the Solid South have put him over without the efficient help of the Catholics, Hague and Kelly, and those who maintained the solidarity of the Negro vote in important northern centers. But the fact per sists that in the industrial areas the Political Action Committee did or ganize the vote and turn it out. Turning out the vote, of itself, however, was not enough. The PAC also persuaded the vote and this was where its propaganda counted heav ily in the result. This propaganda was highly in flammatory, pamphlets, mimeographed and printed dodgers and paid advertisements in the standard press. Much of it was very artistic in its appeal to the people's memory of unemployment during the unhap py presidency of Herbert. Hoover, usually visualized by the picture of a man selling apples, to the neglect of Dewey's reiterated reminder that Roosevelt was still feeding 10,000,000 unemployed on a disguised dole un til rearmament and then conscrip tion came. The more intelligent voters were appealed to with a more restrained program of advertisements which in sinuated that the husband and wife in a modest household would move Into a secure world of the future with a comforting supply of bonds and with prices miraculously low and wages still high, nevertheless. From the standpoint of results, it was fine work, by contrast with that of the Republicans, even some of the celebrated 26 governors and their organization workers, do not quite appreciate how it was done. They had seen it done before in limited' localities, of course, and they could have read the basic lessons In the writings of Al Smith who told of a similarly thorough and more intimate system which operated in min iature on the East Side. Permeating all this, however, was the class-hatred of the Communists and their artistic insinuation which convinced many voters that Dewey was. if not an outright Fascist, him self, then, anyway, the associate and tool of Fascists, and that he was a friend of the enemies of the Jews, if not a Jew-baiter in secret, himself. Labor was depicted as the victim and therefore, necessarily, the ene my of capitalism and all industry as the greedy and unpatriotic oppressor of the workers. In this propaganda, be it remembered, the Communists are diligently educated and trained. They attend schools, they are as fa natical as the Nazis and, like the Nazis, they learn . to wheedle with sympathy as well as to organize mass demonstrations and spontaneous commotions. They enlisted many hollow but pretentious and vain frauds of the radio, the movies, the stage and the writing business, including 'expert exhorters with no strong convictions but with a lust for publicity and importance who could deliver their pieces with a tone of conviction, anyway.- The result of this election, follow ing three terms of Roosevelt, is that labor has been seduced Into a mistaken and, from its own standpoint, very dangerous position. Labor, meaning those who believe in unionism. Is, for political purposes, arrayed against capital. Labor, as thus defined has taken the position that captial and capitalism must be destroyed, failing which capital will destroy labor. Ignorant and selfish pomposities of the A.F.ofL, while withholding themselves from the PAC because it was a political branch of the CIO, nevertheless promoted its program. These comfortable and self-important bosses lacked the Intelligence to analyze the final consequences of such a division in the nation and the character to oppose it if they had discerned the consequences. Now, as a result, Communism Is more aggressive and dangerous than ever and if some truly intelligent and patriotic union leaders do not start organizing the counter-offensive immediately, the Communist program will sweep along. The Communists and the PAC, though they won, have handed over, free, a text-book and plans for a counter-organization and a counter-propaganda which could be used to beat them and save the nation. It is all there in their campaign material. The voters can be organized for American ideals and an American program ss well as for the European program of fear, suspicion and hatred. Young voters can be taught that this nation enjoys liberties and opportunity unknown anywhere else on earth, notwithstanding Roosevelt's Fascist experiments and the war restrictions to date, and persuaded that the way to maintain this wonderful advantage over all the systems of Europe and South America is to work with capital and Industry, not against them. The term 'company union" has been made hideous by Communist propaganda but even Senator Wagner admitted during the debates on the labor relations act, that company unions were good and were not forbidden. It is a union in which the company and labor co-operate, each retaining its integrity and rights. The company union spirit of mutuality and co-operation on a national scale would defeat Communism. But first, the workers must be re-educated In labor relations, unlearning the hateful teachings of the selfish professional unioneers and the Communists. And in the next election Story of Filipino Guerrillas Reveals Heroic Fight on Japs While world attention has been centered on resistance movements In occupied countries of Europe, military secrecy has pre- venica a iiui account of the dramatic Filipino underground fight against the Japs. Now for the first time, the full story U told by Brig. Gen. Carlos P. Romulo. sol- "N dler, editor and author of the best - selling book. "I Saw the Fall of the Iji-:&JL. -:m Philippines." Gen. Bomulo His rerles of tlir dramatic articles, written ' exclusively for NEA and The Press, begins today. The etory of "MacArthur's Guerrillas, who paved the way for invasion of the Philippine Islands. Is one of the mrwt spectacular sagas of World War IL COMMENT Continued From Fat On. seen in North Carolina a few years ago. Don't know whether the city has roped off certain streets here for coasting, but If not it's a good idea. Keeps kids away from the danger of being hit by cars. Never finer sledding weather in the same length of time than there has been here this winter thus far. Good time for sklng, too, and McCulloch Park's hill and the Broadway hill fairly suitable. Brush and dig the snow off the river and you may find a little skating, but surface pretty rough . . . "Do you like winter sports?" the cheery housewife was asked. "Sure," she replied, "I married one of em," Muncie householders are keeping the home fires burning a bit too literally, Just now. Firemen are made unhappy by being called out in near zero weather. Losses light, however. Some causes of unnecessary winter fires: Leaving drafts open, thus overheating the furnace. Thawing frosen pipes with blow torches. Defective chimneys. Overheating stoves, especially early In the morning when trying to warm the house in a hurry. Of course, putting out the fires Is their business and if there were no ires they'd be out of Jobs except for rescuing kittens from tree tops, but firemen don't really enjoy fighting fires in zerolsh temperatures. ROBBER LEAVES VICTIM S3. INDIANAPOLIS. Jan. 2. A "customer" walked into the grocery of Daniel N. Louch last night, purchased a piece of candy, suddenly brandished a pistol and announced : "This Is a stlckup." The intruder took- $50, leaving Louch $3 with the remark; "Have a big New Year's celebration!" they must be organized according to the same plan that the Communists, through the PAC Invented for the last one. i UP FRONT WITH MAULDIN "Them wuz his exact words T envy th' way you dogfaces git first pick o' wimmin an' likker in towns.' " STRANGE AS dT SEEMS - By Ernest Hix &OOtJUC TO 72 sUAeyGAZiona WAT&K tV& - Z, i CAXLOAD3 OSSMZtV A THE WDKCO MOLC cosrrxe SrM4Tl 4?OO.OOOf 7WP Hf65 r or 300Sf 7 A4T r....jWD (VsVwy CVa

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