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Page 8 The Palladium-Item and Sun-Telegram, Richmond, Monday, Aug. 13, 1956 New Floor Stocks New National Motto Of U. S. Recalls Key's Words Of 1814 I "Sleuth" Helps Identify 8 000-Year-Old Skeletons In Illinois finishes dies, rolls and plates for Li -f i If I 7 1 I 0 lit I I -v. fe? --i 1T 'V si Vf -v Soap Box Derby Champion of Rochester, N.
was winner Derby, at Akron, Ohio, Sunday, from every part of the country. scholarship as first prize winner. the event last year. Bv Lewis Gulick WASHINGTON, Aug. .4 CT this be our motto," Francis Scott Key wrote, "In God is Our Trust." Key penned those words in the second stanza of "The Star Spangled Banner" in 1814 after watching Ft.
McHenry stand up against British bombardment. Last Monday President Eisenhower signed into law a bill saying, "The national motto of the United States is hereby declared to be 'In God We How direct a connection there may be between Key's words and the now officially-establisned national motto is not known. But there is a long history of reference to the Almighty in American maxims. Even- before the United States of America was born, there was a Carolina cent minted in 1694 which bore the words "God Preserve Carolina and the Lord's Proprietors." A New England token that year read "God Preserve New England." The Louisiana cent of 1721-22 said in Latin, "Blessed be the Name of the Lord," while the Latin wording on the 1774 Virginia halfpenny was "George the Third by the Grace of God." "In God We Trust" has been stamped on most U.S. coins since 1865.
The Congress last year voted to have the phrase inscribed on all paper money as well. New greenbacks will carry the motto in a year or two when the Treasury In general, however, personality defects, alcoholism or drug addiction will not qualify an individual. Nor will blindness, if the sightless person is able to engaged in "substantial gainful activity." The monthly payments will be the same as the primary retirement benefit for the individual un- der Social Security, ranging from $30 to $108.50 a month. They are expected to average $70 to $80 a month. The Social Security tax will be increased effective next Jan.
1 by 1 per cent each for the employe and employer, and i per cent for the self-employed individual, to finance the disability payments. The proceeds will go into a separate fund for these benefits. This will mean a $10.50 tax boost next year for the individual earning $4,200 or more, and the same for his employer. A self-employed person earning the same amount will pay $15.75 more. There are about 10,000 sailings a year from New York harbor.
India has brought 17 million acres of land under irrigation in the past five years. Tax Is Involved In Highway Law Business firms subject to the new floor stocks tax on products included in the recently passed federal highway act may obtain cop ies of Form 2265 from the local of fice of internal revenue at Twelfth and Main streets. Returns, with payments, are due by Oct. 15. Increased taxes are levied on floor stocks of the following items on hand as of last July 1 gasoline, tires of the type used on highway vehicles; truck, bus and trailer chassis and bodies, and tractors.
A new tax was imposed on tread rubber of three cents a pound. An instruction sheet acccompa-nies the new form. It explains and defines inclusions and exemptions in the products listed as taxable on the form itself. Continuing taxes called for under the highway act will be paid as part of regular quarterly excise tax returns. A 16-year road-building program to cost about 33 billion dolllars will be financed by the taxes set forth in the new act.
"Pretty" Green House? Largely Matter Of Opinion FORT WAYNE, Ind. UP) Mrs. Ruby Boxell saw green when she returned from a weekend at the lakes Sunday afternoon. The kitchen floor had turned green. The natural wood cabinets were the same color and the refrigerator had a green stripe.
The living room wall-to-wall carpet had green splotches. And the kitch en stools, which had migrated to the dining room, also were green. To greet Mrs. Boxell, proud of their handiwork, were the painters two girls, 9 and 13 years old. who had walked away from a local orphanage the day before.
The contents ot all the drawers in the house had been tossed onto the floor, but the older girl ex plained "We were going to clean up the drawers, too." Mrs. Boxell's shoes lost their toes because they didn't fit smaller feet. The girls said they had found the house door open. The paint was in the basement. "What am I going to do?" Mrs.
Boxell asked authorities. "We just wanted to make things pretty," said the younger girl, over and over again. Await Stockholder OK On Steel Firm Deal WASHINGTON, Pa. Frank B. Rackley, president of Jessop Steel said Monday the firm's proposed purchase of the Green River Steel Corp.
at Owensboro, must await approval by the stockholders of both companies and the U.S. Treasury Dept. The boards of directors of both companies have already approved the proposal, Rackley said. He added that there will be no special meeting of Jessop stockholders to vote on the proposal. They will ballot by mail, he He estimated it will be 60 to 90 days before the deal can be First Social Security Disability Benefit Checks Start Next July; Strict Requirements I The great depth of the new excavations (about 29 feet) is shown here.
The diggings are in a large natural rock shelter (in the face of a great stone cliff) which the prehistoric men used as a home, and which later was covered with wind-blown BLOOMINGTON, Ind. Prof. K. Neumann, "bone sleuth" of the Indiana university anthropology department, who frequently assists Indiana state police in "reconstructing" unidentified skeletons, was called In a few days ago to help Identify some Illinois citi zens of a much older period. Five skeletons unearthed 28 feet below the surface at Modoc Rock Shelter in southwestern Illinois were identified by Neumann as those nf "Archaic Level" Indians who roamed the Illinois plains about 8,000 years ago.
Diggers from the Illinois State museum at Springfield, who have been working at the Modoc site several years, had hoped that the skeletons, because they were at a lower level than previous finds, would prove to be of an earlier period. Neumann pointed out that the graves for these Indians had simply been dug down into an older stratum of earth. Among HarHent Keaident However, these Archaic Level Indians were just about the earli est known residents of eastern United States. One older group, the Faleo-Amerinds, are known to have lived in the area, from the tools they left behind. But no skeletal remains of Paleo-Amerinds have been found in eastern United States, although one skeleton was excavated in Texas in 1954.
The Archaic Level Indians, Neumann points out, were hunters and food collectors, with no knowledge of agriculture. They made no pot tery, and didn't know the use of the bow and arrow. They collected fruits, edible seeds, and river clams, leaving as evidence tremendous shell-heap in some localities. Cold Winter They lived, Neuman says, during A period of cold winters and cool nummers, with a moderate amount cf moisture. The Indiana of the' new Illinois find resembled the "Glacial Kame" people, remains of whom are found in northwest Ohio, northeast Indiana, and southern Michigan, Neumann said.
He noted that two burials of similar types were found near Lake Wa-wasee In 1942. "The new find," he added, "is the first proof that Indiana of this particular physical type had been differentiated (established as a type) as early as 6,000 B. C. The find gives a better understanding c-f what the people of the Archaic fevel were like, and shows that they did not all conform physically end culterally to the well studied Archaic peoples of the Tennessee Valley. "When alive, these Indians would have looked very much like mod-rrn Indians of the Great Lakes area." Red Koreans Order -Cut In Retail Prices TOKYO tP Pyongyang radio announced today that the Communist North Korean government has ordered the fifth cut since the Korean War in retail prices of consumer goods.
The broadcast 1 the reductions, effective Tuesday would range from 15 to 50 per cent. Burglars Take Concrete Moulds, Diving Tower DENVER Vh About the only. thins burglar tlidn take in a weekend job, the manager of a hv miming pool construction firm paid today, was the hole itself. Kavmond F. Sweeney said the fiurglare drove off with 7 con crete moulds end a complete diving tower.
The loot was valued at a new printing process. No Motto Rep. Charles E. Bennett D-Fla) was pushing the currency-coin bill when, he says, "I found that the United States had no national motto." A researcher for the Library of Congress. Harold E.
Snide, reported three others besides "In God We Trust" have been authorized by law for various purposes. The three, in Latin, all appear on the seal of the United States. They are: Pluribus Unum "One Out of Many." Annuit Coeptis "He (God) Has Smiled on Our Undertaking." Novus Ordo Seculorum "A New Order of the Ages." Snide said Pluribus Unum" is the earliest well-known motto. It is the only motto on the obverse, or front side, of the seal. The reverse of the seal has never been cut and used as a seal, as such.
"Annuit Coeptis" and "Novus Ordo Seculorum" do show on present-day one dollar bills (silver certificates), which carry both sides of the seal. The seal was adopted by the Continental Congress in 1782 and by the fledgling U.S. Congress in 1789. Snide said Pluribus Unum" seemed to have the clearest claim to being "the" motto in the absence of a law saying otherwise. He said it had seniority and that "the motto on the seal of a government is generally considered as being the motto of that government." "In God We Trust" was a later comer, through the 1865 law authorizing its use on coins.
But Bennett felt the plain English motto had the best right to being the national motto because the words in "The Star Spangled Banner," adopted as the national anthem 25 years ago. Moreover, Bennett said. "In God We Trust" expresses better than any other phrases "the spiritual and moral values upon which our country was founded and upon which it depends for survival." "In these days when imperialism and materialism seek to attack and destroy freedom, we should continually look for ways to strengthen the foundations of our freedom," Bennett said. "At the base of our freedom is our faith in God and the desire of Americans to live by His will and by His guidance." The House and Senate Judiciary committees agreed with Bennett. So did nearly all his incoming mail on the matter.
The House passed Bennett's bill April 16 by unanimous consent and without debate. The Senate did the same on July 23. sending the bill to the President. lion bales, a reduction of 1.9 million bales last season. This Is the lowest carryover figure for countries outside the U.
S. on committee records. The carryover, said the review, is particularly low in terms of the present level of world cotton consumption. The report added: "It appears that the reduction in stocks outside the United States was equally shared by the net exporting and net importing countries though later statistics may modify this statement somewhat." The report said the outlook for consumption in 1956-57 "is on the whole favorable. With the population of the world increasing and generally good business conditions the basic demand for textiles should continue to steadily increase.
PAINT IT YOURSELF 7 North 3rd Ph. 2.1619 1 AP Wlrphoto Norman Westfall, 14 years old, of the Ail-American Soap Box over more than 150 other boys He received a $5,000 college A boy from Rochester also won which Social Security taxes were paid. These are: 1. One and a half years of coverage in the last three years. 2.
Five years of coverage in the last 10 years. 3. Coverage for half the time since 1950 or, alternatively, for 10 years. A person in covered employment for the last five years thus would meet, all three tests. A worker disabled some time ago and now 50 or over can apply at once for the payments.
In his case, the Social Security coverage requirements would run in the years preceding the date of his disablement. The applicant must furnish proof of this disability. At the local Social Security office, he can find if he has the necessary coverage and if his disability is severe enough to make him potentially eligible. Medical Keport Required If he passes these preliminaries, he will be given medical report forms which he can have filled out by his physician, a hospital, his employer and other sources. W7hen his file is complete, the local office; will send it to the state agency which, under the law, has the responsibility for making the determinaion of disability.
The Social Security Administration will then pass on the claim and notify the applicant of the final decision. If this decision is adverse, the individual can appeal to a referee of the Social Security Administration, and has the right to go on to federal court. Communist Accuse U. S. Of Dropping Its Iron Curtain HONG KONG CPI A Communist Chinese newspaper accused the United States Sunday of dropping its own iron curtain in refusing to allow American correspondents to visit Red China.
"This incident was a good comment on American freedom of the press," said Kwangming Daily of Peiping. Peiping radio broadcast excerpts from the article. "Why should the U. S. government drop this iron curtain?" The newspaper asked.
The Reds last week granted visas to 18 U. S. newspaper, television, radio and magazine correspondents, but the State Department barred the visits because 10 Americans still are held in Communist Chinese jails. The united nations mission sent to inspect the Trust Territory of New Guinea was composed of representatives of Britain; Belgium, India and Guatemala. A.
ft .3 4 a- 4 HI I ,1 vV 1 They avoid the mainland because their burrows are vulnerable to predatory animals. home for rats with plague-carry ing fleas. They found none. The disease detectives learned of Sakacs' trip to a ranch in Lock-wood valley, deep in the Los Padres National forest, the Saturday be fore he became ill. They exam ined the places where he paused for a glass of beer or stopped to look at the scenery, and again found nothing.
But when they reached, the unoccupied buildings of the ranch, they found their first clue. Lying all about, in and out of the buildings, were the carcasses of squirrels and rabbits. Working quicklyj the health officials collected fleas from the dead animals and burrow openings, then trapped some live animals. The fleas' proved to be carriers of the deadly plague and, obviously, had bitten Sakacs. Live animals trapped a half mile from the ranch buildings showed no evidence of the plague.
"Thus," reported Jones, "it appeared an epizootic had run its course in the immediate vicinity of the ranch buildings. An epizootic is to animals what an epidemic is to humans. The entire area for miles around was dusted with DDT as a precaution. "It was a million-to-one chance that Sakacs happened to be hiking in the midst of an epizootic area, and that an infective flea happened to bite him," Jones said. The last California plague death prior to Sakacs occurred in 1947.
The average since 1907 has been about one case every two years. ii iimi-i -ni mi in i urn" 1 1 -4 Group Says Cotton Carryover About 21.9 Million Bales WASHINGTON (INS) The In-j Stocks outside the U. S. are ex-ternational Cotton Advisory com-! pected to have aggregated 7.4 mil- Accused Abductor Is Charged In Murder, Along With Brother Dr. Thome Deuel, director of the Illinois State Museum, completes the uncovering of the skeleton of an Indian woman.
The photo shows the flexed position typical of many Indian burials. mittee Monday estimated the free world cotton carryover on Aug. 1 at 21.9 million bales, an increase of 1.4 million bales since Aug. 1, 1955. At this level, said the intergovernmental organization of 33 countries, the free world carryover is now twice as large as it was at the time of the Korean war and equal to nine months' consumption at last season's rate.
U. S. stocks totalled an estimated 14.5 million bales on Aug. 1, an increase of more than three million bales over a year ago. This, says the ICAC's July review of the world cotton situation, Is the largest carryover the U.
S. has ever had, comparing with 13 million bales in 1939 and 11.2 million bales in 1945, the two peaks of earlier years. WASHINGTON OF) A new program of payments to totally disabled workers, rounding out the series of basic protections for the nation's families envisioned when Social Security was set up 20 years ago, goes into effect next year. The program is provided under the Social Security bill passed by the Congress just before it adjourned last month, and signed by President Eisenhower. The disability provision was sponsored by Democratic leaders.
Stringent requirements must be met before a disabled person can qualify. Experts in the Social Security Administration estimate 300,000 disabled persons will receive payments in the first year, and that in 25 years one million will be on the rolls. Local Social Security offices will begin receiving claims for benefits Oct. 1. First checks will go out next July.
Must Be 50 The applicant must be at least 50 and must meet this test: "Inability to engage in any substantial gainful activity by reason of any medically determinable physical or mental impairment which can be expected to result in death or to be of long-continued and indefinite duration." The monthly checks will not start until the disability has been in effect six months. Finally, the recipient must meet all of three requirements of Social Security conyerage in a job or in self employed work for German eagle, wouldn't talk about the Davis case when police questioned him Saturday. But Sunday, they he admitted the shooting and named his brother, Milton, 28, of Guilford, as the man who drove for him while he sought parked couples to rob. The Cooley brothers were arraigned in justice court Sunday night, and will be held for a grand jury. Former U.
S. Diplomat Dies In New York NEW YORK Arthur Bliss Lane, 62, a career diplomat for 31 years in the United States foreign service, died Sunday night in Doctors Hospital of acute hepatitis. The major part of his diplomatic career was spent in Latin America and in central Europe. His last post was ambassador to Poland in 1946-47. 20 French Soldiers Killed In Algeria ALGIERS Twenty French soldiers were slain and another 40 disappeared or were wounded Sunday in the fourth major nationalist rebel ambush in the same area within six days.
The attacks have occurred within 40 miles of this capital city. your dollar Phone 2-2911 i Took Doctor But 3 Hours lo Find Victim Had Dread Bubonic Plague Richmond Tent and Awning Company Now Under New Management CUSTOM SEWING FREE ESTIMATES 300 N. 5TH ST. PHONE 7-0191 Open Daily 8 to 5 Except Sundays DURHAM, Conn, (fit A man arrested in the stranger than-fiction abduction of an Air Force sergeant's wife Friday night has been charged also with a murder committed 13 days before. He and his brother, also charged with murder, pleaded innocent Sunday night.
John Davis, 22, was shot dead in his car parked here July 28. Carol Brookes, 19, of Durham, his fiancee, was shot in the arm. She told police a man shined a flashlight in the car and fired twice, then fled. Police first arrested Everett Cooley, 25, of New Haven, when he was found in the woods Saturday with the wife of Sgt. Albert W.
Drepperd, 26. Cooley was charged with appearing at Drep-perd's home in nearby North Branford Friday night as the couple watched television, announcing at gunpoint he was a downed Russian pilot, shooting the sergeant in the face and kidnaping his 29-year-old wife, Grace. Not Harmed He kept her captive in the woods for 14 hours, without harming or molesting her, until searchers found them. He was holding a loaded pistol at her back, but offered no resistance. The sergeant had staggered to a neighbor's home for help, and was -taken to a hospital.
Cooley, wearing a bizarre garb including a green shirt on which he had sewn a swastika and a At The Roland-Swisher Company, Top Quality and Expert Workmanship have always been partners. Buy your Roof where PAINT NOW PAY LATER Some petrels feed as far as 100 miles off the coast of Maine and never come to land except to nest. history but a medical rarity in this country. The time was 4 p. m.
It had taken just three hours to solve the puzzle. The young doctor, who never had encountered a plague case before, won wide acclaim from associates for his expert diagnosis. But his medical detective work is only part of the story of the illness of Andrew Sakacs, who died June 25 for lack of early treatment. While the hospital was using every method known to medical science to break the disease's hold on Sakacs, California health authorities launched a quick and dramatic search for the plague source. Word of the case had sent panic through Sakacs' home town of El Rio, a small southern California city in Ventura county.
Mention of plague evoked shuddering tales of the "Black Death" that swept through Europe in the Fourteenth century, leaving 25 million dead. But plague had been consigned to virtual extinction in this country by high standards of sanitation. Would the plague spread like wildfire as it did in Europe six centuries ago, and still does in such places as India, China. Java? How did Sakacs fall victim to the almost unknown disease? A health department task force, headed by Dr. M.
G. Wyman, epidemiologist; Robert W. Jones, rodent control specialist; and Harvey I. Magy of the Los Angeles field office, set out to follow a faint trail they hoped would lead to the source of plague. First they checked the Sakacs with PBirSBy7GC-3 By Jack lfler CORONA, (T When Andrew Sakacs.
gravely ill, was brought to Corona Naval hospital, doctors quickly had a grim suspicion. For three preceding days, the 43 year-old retired navy chief petty officer had been treated for what was thought a recurrence of malaria. His condition was steadily worsening. After one look, Lt. Lay M.
Fox, 31-year-old internist from Baltimore, ruled out malaria. But what else could it be? A quick check showed: White. btfTSd corpuscle count, five to. 10 times above normal. Continued chills, fever, nausea, diarrhea.
Extremely painful swelling; in the right groin. Small amount of pus in right ankle. No evidence of ascending red streaks in the right leg, as in a normal infection. Dr. Fox learned that the previous Saturday, June 16, Sakacs had fiolied in a remote mountain area and.
upon return, noticed several red marks on his right ankle. He had begun feeling ill. The marks. Dr. Fox reasoned, could have been flea bites.
Alarming Picture An alarming picture began taking shape. But Dr. Fox, a cautious man, wanted to be sure before announcing his dread diagnosis. He extracted specimens from swollen lymph glands In the groin and examined smears microscopically. These confirmed the suspicion Bubonic plague, one of the most fearsome diseases in all mankind's lie NO MONEY DOWN Up to 3 YEARS TO PAY Your home need painting now? See us for details on how you can have the work done and take as long as 3 years to pay.
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EAST TER3IS The Roland-Swisher Co. rill' North 10th and Streets.
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