'PAGE TEN BLYTHEVILLB, (ARK.)' COURIER NEWS Reporter Finds Farm and Home for Aged Pool- Well Kepi An attractive, comfortabe home where (he aged i»or may spend their last, days happily and a temporary home for prisoners who must work out, fines for misdemeanor offsnses are two assets of which Mississippi Bounty may justly be proud In the opinion of Comity Judge S. L. Gladish. These two problems of almost every county in the vailed states are being worked out in a dual program, started by former County Judge Zal B. Harrison and now be'ing continued by Judge Gladish, who look charge last January. - Whiie both liave been expensive projects in the past, Judge Gladlsh lias inaugurated changes which lie hopes will make the penal farm pay or Itself and in addition care for the expenses of the poor house. „ Ssycral years ago the poor aged .men and women of the county, who had no homes,'were housed in tin old frame building as Osceola. The men who had no money to pay fines for 'misdemeanor offenses for which they were convicted, v. ; »re leased to farm operators. A 058 acre tract of,and west of Luxora was purchased by order of the comity court and quorum court. Here, the prisoners 'are kept to operate the farm. At the other end of the farm are the two houses for the aged nnd indigent white and negro people or the county. Farm to Continue There is talk that the farm must be abolished and the Mississippi -^ Taxpayers Association lias VUy recommended such nc- |USQ of expense in oocrntin^ T . '. There is talk that the old ,. _tShould be removed from the '"bad'environment" of behir. on Die county Denal farm. in answer Judge Gladish says that the* farm ' will continue to operate at least until January ], 1939, when his term expires, nnd that it is not going to cost too much to operate in- the future, but will show a profit while he is pudge. He maintains that the farm is fast.being put on a paying b'asis and that this year, the penal farm will make enough money to pay (lie operating expenses of both the penal farm and poor houses and that nesl year;;, there will be a profit shown RS recent changes have been made !o greatly decrease the operating expenses of the pror house .The county farnl was purchased in January, 1931. for $22,400, with SI .000 as the down payment. At that, time Mr. Harrison was county judge. While ho was in office there was a total of S9,MO paid toward the purchase -price, with six per' cent interest The actual expenses of the penat farm, not including the physical equipment purchased or land payments, was $13,203.19 more than/the income from the time the farm MOOS p-urfhr.sed until January ,1, of this year when Judge Gladish assumed charge. This does not include something like $6,656.94 for 193G bills paid this year. Of course, this does not include fines and costs of prisoners but simply their upkeep nnd farm maintenance. Up to September 1, of this year, the county farm was charged with having spent the sum of $23.240.99 since January 1 Of this amount, the money spent this year for claim against the farm which accumulated in 193C, leaves $IG,6H.05 actually County Farm's Fair Booth A booth at Use rcctiH county fair lie-id Here exemplified what lias been done at 'the county penal farm tb!* year. In the picture ore wimples of the 1,700 gn lions of tomatoes, 2,000 cans of beans nnd pumpkins in tlircc-pouml cans, 050 gallons of sort'lmin, nnd several hundred gallons of kraut the prisoners '"put »])," of Die stove wood cut, and cotton and com grown. MONDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1937 ual months . . . another is Wind . . . another a f.cmi-hv/allrt. TIoii' fellow gut-sts help them !i!.'o:il wlien they v:n nbl<? nnd sil by their teds. Recently, :i niglii watchman has b;cn put on duty there to watch over them during tin 1 winter nights. 'Die oilier homes nrotuul the poor houso.s arc for the general siiiiirliilendent and his assistant. Tuck Glnscoe is the jjencnil ;j i,- pwinlendent of (he county farm, Charles Morrow is in charge of feeding the prisoners nnd poor houses and Mrs. Morrow assists him at the poor house. The rE- ccnt dismissal of Mrs. Frnnkie Webb, superintendent of llic poor house for nine years, airccted a j saving. Judge Gladish claims, of! $aw> monthly, which was her ail-j nry. Mrs. Morrow is being paid) the salary which formerly went. to Mis. Webb's assistant,'of. SM)i' monthly and maintenance. ' | The ImnatEs ot the poor house were moved to the county j'nrni in 1930 nnd the expenses of this Courthouse At Osceola department have been fcept sepa- ThC coullho " sc for tnc Osceola district of Mississippi county is one ralely. The ".sum of $8,032 «iis| "' Ulc most aUl ':ictivc buildings in (he .southern Mississippi county spent that year for buildings. In addition to the WPA .labor used and the material from the former ]»or house at Osceplit. metropolis. Tattoos in 34 Languages Will Identify Oregonian MARSHPIELD, Ore. I U P) — Claiming to be only man in the world who "cannot be lost," T. D. Rockwell, of Portland, carries his name tatooed In 34 languages on his legs. Rockwell said he' conceived the idea of the tattooed names to provide liim identification for cn-sli- jhg checks no matter what part of the world he traveled in. Languages include Russian, Halton, Spanish, Japanese, as well as the symbols of the Morse telegraph code, the Continental code and the Braille -system. Rockwell said he had several Indian languages' he planned to add to his investment —which , he .said, already has cost him $50. tilde that they are just men whoilSSl. Now, there arc 520 acres in have strayed slightly from last year Judge I straight and narrow path and who! in cotton this olhce. bills to-j did not have the money to pay food ' - • - - Homo For Aged And '"Indigent jftftrt*' IS *fe«l^tesm5*^^««*«*', „.*,,• vL*..'.•r m *^* > fc K<^4auiM&&l&£»££ttu^ This is a photograph of Hie house where the white aged and Indigent charges, of Mississippi fonnty reside. Directly behind this is nn- other building, almost identical, where the negroes live. spent during the first eight months of 1931. Therejwas collected In cash, from different sources on the farm from January i to September I, the sum of S7.-lf>a.C!, This amount makes n total of SS.lSI.-ii more than its income the farm has spent, this year. Judge/ Ciladish believes the farm will nay this sum. nnd lls operating expenses to January 1, with money received from an estimated yield of 350 bales of cotton, between G.OOO and 1,000 bushels of,corn nnd other minor products. He maintains that the large amount of food stuff now on hand will decrease the operating expenses for next year and that a' profit will be sliown. Even with the low price/ of cotton there is certain to be ,n balance shown, for the first time, lie says. ' Welcomes Visllors In answer to the lalk thijt the poor people should not be'•located so near the prisoners. Judge Gladdisli invites visitors to both places at any time, "Don"t let them know you are coining." he says, "since we have made the recent changes in opera tion, I Invite any one (o go there at any time and see for themselves. Talk witli,the inmates and then decide if they should be left in the country or brought back to town." That is what we did. When you tr.ive! the we.st road from McDonald's store, south of Burdette on Highway 61, you watch for the first sight of'the poor house. There isn't any sign (here and yon would never recognize the place ns a |Kwr house. Several attractive farm buildings amid a setting of lowering trees and beautiful yards with landscaping about the buildings Bred the visitor as he approaches. Flowers bloom along the .sides of the ditches near the road nnd (he concrete walks. / The first large house 'Is lhat ot the white guests, of whom there arc now 18. The large living room, with Its fireplace, has two large sun porches on the sides and a long liall connects llic M bedrooms, four bathroom. 1 ;, (llnlnq room and stove rooms. The outside of the houses are of frame and ttic insiele walls are of wood, in a paneled effect, and painted a beige shade. Guinea, Dumplings Each man and not crowded. They is a ' niello in the along wilh comfortable and several lablcs. electric lighte in all r through the grounds. It was dinner lime arrived. The old folks twice daily, at nine i morning nnd about in the afternoon. Tl all they wish but tin very much, nccordin,-; Charles Morrow. The that day was guinea, buked npiiles, com bi bread nnd biscuits, b\: molasses and iced gr as the day was warm. In 193C, the Hiiinson was i laling $9,586 were paid' for food,j for their wrong doing."'Even the -salaries clolhing.-lights, mrdichic.s 20 negro prisoners are well treat"" .„„ ' s f ° r lhe 52 '"' ecl antl 8lve them very little trouble, the guards say. She usually just , oversees lhe cooking, done by negro penal prisoners who are adept at that art, but lhe cook said she wasn't expert at making dumplings so Mrs. Morrow was doing it to sure they would be good. make Thc kitchen was unusually clean and the pantry in perfect condition. A large screened back porch adjoins the kitchen. Familiar brands of canned fruits and other foods of all kinds were on the '(.shelves. •• The breakfast menu, one of the men guests told us. had been sausage, cream gravy, rice, eggs, biscuits and light bread, along with jelly and molasses, milk and coffee. Sonic mornings (hey have cereal instead of rice or grits. An illustration of how lhe old folks like the home in the country Is shown In Ella Abbott's story. Mrs. Ablxitt said she had been a guest of the homo since 1929. One time she did a very silly thing, she said. She "married out of Hie home." But after eight months she came back and begged them to let her stay after .saying that she "ought to have been whipped for leaving." I Their nses range from 50 to 14 years. Howard Underwood, who has been there for 15 years, Is much happier since they are in the country, lie .said the "poor house" nt Osceola was a fire trap', full of rats and crowded, "Out here, we have all (ho room we| males. One-half mile down the graveled road, which really seems as far away as another world, is the j stockade for lhe county prisoners.' They have no connection with the poor-house, except, that..lhe cooks lire women prisoners, who usually have been fined for public drunkenness or fighting and sent to the farm because they could not pay their fines. It has been rumored repeatedly thnt " ' -- - - - ' the| cultivation. Besides the 280 acres year, there are 120 icre.s of com, besides patches of spinach, radishes, sweet potatoes, Irish polatoes .tomaloes, oats, soybeans and alfalfa. I/asb Used Infrequently The belt is used only once in a great while. Several months ago a negro refused to chop cotton repeatedly and he was whipped a few lashes nnd then he decided to chop cotton with'out digging it all up. That is the last time the lash has been used, those in charge said. If a prisoner has a temperature- Judge Gladish planned to or sh ° ws ° tllor si S" s ° r llll!Ks . "e Ihn slnnVnrli. nf lh n ,,™<,l ls llot '»i<de to Work. If lie i.S Hot move the stockade of the penal farm across tlio road from the poor house so as to feed the prisoners nnd inmates of the |»or houses from one kitchen, but to be served in the three separate buildings. • Denies Rumors of Change This has heeir denied by Judge CMadish who snid today that "there is no truth in that rumor." There is an air of cleanliness about the stockade and grounds, just as there is about the poor houses. Many, who have visited these places in the past said this was not true then, but that we tlo not know. Now, the. yard of the stockade is swept clean, the building where the prisoners cat and sleep is clean and even the bunks of the negro prisoners, clean and neat in appearance. The prisoners arc fed three times daily because they work hard and need plenty ot food, the judge and superintendent say. And they get it. The storehouse was filled with flour, sardines, dried apples, cocoa, potatoes, canned peaches. ARMISTICE DA id painted tfS an has n e home Is <cep their sicnlly un•Ish. There •ing room, e rookers There are rooms and when we s arc fed ock in the 30 o'clock may have do not cat to Mrs. menu for dumplings. read, light liter, jelly, n\m julep, Dishing up wnnl, everything ve want to eat nnd plenty of room," he said. They tend ,the flowers if they wish and! some of the old negroes .ire doing' n '.little' cotton picking fur n nearby fnrnier llns fall to make "a little change." All of them are provided clothing, smoking nnd shewing tclacco and snuff. There are sheets and pillow cases for tho beds, crutches tor those who need them, extra uwils in the store room nnd a dozen fly sprays which lire used I'lire limes dally. A first. nid c,-b- 'ncl l.i -J.s medicines of nil kinds fen- simple ailments. Tin 1 1'tjtne for ne^-cs. win;!. !L directly behind the horn? for llic white people, is the same size and similarly built except there nre fiver bediooms, which are larger. There nre now 30 inmates there. There is. n favnliy feeling in hoih of (.ht homes. At lhe home for whites, thev; is nn old woman ve arrived, v.ho has been b-d ridden for scv- raisins and other foods which make up a balanced diet. -Two .prisoners, in charge of 'the kitchen, hud scrubbed the floor and table tops ol the kilchen clean after a dinner of boiled beans, turnip greens, cooked tomatoes, onions and fat meat. For supper the prisoners were going to have beef stew, pumpkin and green beans, along with the usual breads, Jellies and molasses. When we remarked that we believed the Mississippi county prisoners were fed better than any prisoners anywhere, we were told that the prisoners worked so much harder when well fed and well treated that it was to the county's advantage to feed them. "We don't have criminals down here," Mr. Glascoe said. "Of he C5 men now here, most of them are young men from good but poor families in this county who got too much to drink on n Saturday night or some other similar misdemeanor. We take the atti- donc by neri 1,70 000 cans in three gallons several with a Lee LOn guards, sides til of sweet many i consump cut 1,OC from of The p farm, i county 1 pair. Includ hospital the gua Other, e of mules tor the Of the BO acres Innd w better after first aid treatment he is taken to Dr. C. M. Harwell, Osceola physician, and this expense is charged to the farm. All prisoners are furnished clothes but must buy their own tobacco. They work out (heir fines and various court anil officers' costs at the rate of 75 cents per dny and their room and board and clothing. Some people of llic county do not agree with Judge Gladish and say that the prisoners do not deserve such geod food and treatment. He replies that it only costs 20 cenls per day to feed each person and if he can gel enough work out of them that the faun can support both the prisoners and poor houses, lhat he thinks they should gel decent food and nil they want at a meal. Sometimes the prisoners have chicken, or guinea, on Sunday, they get cake and fruit, and from the shelves of the store room it could be told that the meals were varied nnd well balanced. In addition to the farm work done by the prisoners they canned 1,700 gallons of tomatoes, 2,000 cans of beans and pumpkins in Ihrce pound cans, put up 650 gallons of sorghum molasses, and several hundred gallons of kraut with a cannery outfit with Mrs. wife of one of the two ipcrvising' the work. Besides that they grew 1,008 bushels :t potatoes and almost that irlsh potatoes for winter i. The prisoners also ranks of stove wood he land they cleared. The prisoners nre worked on the and on in the stockade is n uilding, residence for the guard, a barn and tool she;!. Other, equipment includes 20 head of mules, one truck and two trucks r the toad department. Of the 158 acres, there was only BO acres in cultivation when the land was purchased in January, American Fire Brigade Answers Foreign Alarms CALAIS, Me. (DP)—Fire Chief Harry Traccy believes his department is the only one in the United States Hint answers alarms in a foreign country. By agreement, the Calais department answers when the St. Stephen, N. B., alarm sounds, and vice versa. There is no scientific difference between a pigeon and a dove. The latter term usually is used to refer to the smaller type of this group of birds. Rainmaker Promises Results at $100 a Month SASKATOON, Sash. (UP) — Rainmaker Marcus J. Kirby, of Brandon, Man., promises to make tlic skies i»ur life-saving water on parched prairies. In a letter to the Saskatchewan board o Hrade, Kirby oqcred to produce the badly needed moisture for next, year's crop for $100 a month. To College in Trailer RUSTON, La. (Ul 1 ) — Through college in a trailer, is the road to education take ntnis yeai 1 by Delmer Johnson and Earl Hilton, both of Loganspoii. They live in a trailer, which they built, parked on Hie model farm project near the Louisiana Polytechnic Institute here. ST. LOUIS (UP)-Pollen of ragweed or goldenrod isn't the only cause of hay fever, according to Dr. Harvey Black, of Baylor University. Certain foods and even feather pillows will also cause the malady. The beaver became extinct in "• England about COO years ago, E. M, McCALL THAT GOOD GULF GASOLINE A NICE PLACE TO STOI' GOFF HOTEL HOME..CQOKED FOOD 1918 ELECTRIC & ACETYLENE-WELDING AT BEST PRICES—PROMPT SERVICE SARKSDALE MANUFACTURING COMPANY Phone 19 Blythcvillc, Ark. SWIFT FURNITURE CO. FURNITURE AND UNDERTAKING Day Phone inO Ni.a;hl I'hfme 189 Osceola. Ark. MASSENGILL'S Drug Store PRESCRIPTION EXPERTS I'honc 21, Osceola, Ark. Kclvinator Refvigerators-^Philco Radios The 2 in 1 Store Ben Franklin Western Auto Store Associate Store ARCH R. SMITH, Owner P. 0. Box 160 i> hnnc 77 Opposite Court House Osceola Ark. "Nineteen years have passed since Armistice ended the World War on Nov. 11, 1918. But throngs still gather to honor the Unknown Dead, Above, n grcAt concourse of people gather about, London's cenotaph, standing in silence before the nwnorinl in the center of, the busy Strand. Below, King' Leopold places a wreath on the tomb memorializing Belgium's dead at Brussels. Slowly and \vilh ,.ii>:mi.vd tread, a MiUry paces before the marble tomb .on the heights of Arlington above the Potomac at Washington ". . . rests m honored glory'an American Soldier known but to God." Peaceful and secluded, the tomb ol Uils soldier sees little of military display lm]c or Brcat gatherings of people, jut instead a continuous slr»a m ol individuals and ddcgKtr/'of organizations who have not forgotten Tte, leave Ihelr Mmpie W4lhs O n the marble fbg.slone.s almost unnoticed by the Capital city which bustles and seethe* across the, rtvcr, carrying on' the government, for which Hie soldier died. But on the heights ol Arlington, at least, there Is peace, and the soldier though unknown, is not forgotten, America will pledge anew | ts memory of the Unknown Soldier Armistice Day I)lack-shtrte(f s militia and steel-clad cuirassiers slinly about the tomb of Zlaly's Unknown Soldier below (he slntuc at right of the top picture. BiUw, an impressive phalanx of nags moves solemnly up Paris' Champs Elysce lo lhe plain tomb beneath lhe Arc tie* Triomphc, where France's Unknown Soldier lies beneath nn eternal flame. i HOME LUMBER COMPANY "Home of Quality Building Materials" Osceola, Ark.
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