The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on March 30, 1968 · Page 7
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 7

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Saturday, March 30, 1968
Page 7
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Blyflievflle (Ait.) Courier News - Saturday, March 80,1W8 Pending Laws Will Protect Consumer 'Cold-Blooded Shopping Tough on Gypsters' EDITOR'S NOTE-"Wi!h all the hoopla about consumer protection, what does it all add up to?" That question was asked in a recent Associated Press Managing Editors Association survey of what readers are talking about. Here is a summary of how federal laws affect you. By MARTHA COLE Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON (AP) — Let the buyer beware, the old saw says. And the government is trying to help him do just that in an ever-expanding number of fields. At the same time government pressure is rising on the producer, the seller and the provider of services to give the consumer a {air shake. Most of the laws are designed to give more information to the buyer. They assume the buyer cares enough to read—that is, that he will beware. The first consumer protection law, passed almost 100 years ago prohibited fraudulent use of the mails and it's still being enforced. Sen. Abraham A. Ribicoff, D- Conn., has estimated the federal government spends $1 billion a year on consumer protection programs. • Laws to protect the consumer run ths gamut of life—food, drugs, advertising, clothing, toys, color television sets, auto-i mobiles and installment plans. Betty Furness, special assistant to President Johnson for consumer affairs, has been the administration's leading spokesman in the drive for enactment of many new proposed laws. One would permit a "cooling- off" period in which a householder could change his mind after signing a purchase agreement with a door-to-dpor salesman. Miss Furness wants three days for "cooling off." This awaits congressional action. Another proposal to help buyers on the installment plan would require that they be told the interest charges in terms of annual percentage—for instance, 18 per cent a year, instead of 1% per cent a month, which sounds small. Stores no longer would be able to say "$5 down, $5 a week." They would have to say how many pay- ments'were required and what the rate of interest was. This bill is in conference after being passed by the House and Senate. There are proposals to permit the government to set radiation standards for color television sets and require manufacturers to recall defective equipment and devices. The House has approved, the Senate has not acted. This guide for consumers— and that Includes just about all of us—summarizes key federal laws. Package Labeling Passed .last year, this law is for the'; hoUsewlfe, as she pushes her shopping cart down supermarket aisles jammed with an array of items that carry too many bewildering descriptions of their size and contents. In brief, the buyer is to get more and clearer information on packages and labels. The. effects of the new law are just now .Beginning to show since industries were given lee- wnment could inspect meat for bl« type. The bigger the package, the bigger the type must be. For example, it cannot be less than 1-16 of an inch high on packages .as small as five square inches or less. 4. If the label gives the number of servings, it must give the size ot the servings. 5. Ingredients must be given by their common name in decreasing order of predominance. * * * Meat, Poultry, Fish In the past, the federal gov- way -in using up old packages and labels.: The following information is required on labels and packages; 1. Identity of the food in bold type arid its common name, such as beets or peaches, along with a statement of whether it is whole, sliced, chopped, or such. 2. Identity of the manufacturer, packer or distributor, complete with ZIP code. 3. Net quantity of contents without qualifying terms like "jumbo pound." It's still all right to say'"jumbo size" but the Food and Drug Administration can change this if it decides this, too, is misleading. As of now, the FDA is just watching. The quantity must be placed within the bottom 30 per v area of the display panel in legi- wholesomeness only when it was shipped across state lines. A law passed last year extends iederal inspection to packing ilants that sell only within a state. It also gives the Agriculture Department power to seize and destroy uninspected meat. Pending in Congress are proposals to similarly extend inspection of poultry. As for fish, President Johnson said this year that fish inspection was virtually nonexistent and he proposed a bill to permit the federal government to work out a program. l Package Size The new packaging law tries to bring some order to the myriad number of sizes of packages that beckon the shopper. The law sets no standards for package sizes but says i£ the THIGH-HIGH WATER threatens to put this Indonesian street peddler out of business as he gets caught in the middle of a flash flood in Djakarta. Flood, caused by a sudden downpour, also created traffic chaos in the capital cjty. SUNDAY, MARCH 51 12:45 THE BOSTON SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA Mozart's "Symphony No. 40" and Betthoven's "Piano Concerto No. 1" will be included in the program. The conductor is Erich Leinsdorf. 2:30 ANTIQUES Stenciling. A demonstration of the art of stenciling from, the choosing of the design to the application on a piece of furniture. 3:00 N.E.T. PLAYHOUSE Charley's AuNT. An aristro- cratic Oxford graduate trying to sustain the impersonation of someone else's Aunt. A perennial favorite ever since it ran for four straight years in London in 1892. 4:10 UNIVERSITY LECTURERS SERIES Southwestern at Memphis. Dr Lucien M. Brush, Princeton University, will speak on pollution. 5:00 NET FESTIVAL Ustinov on the Ustinovs. Peter Ustinov, actor, playwright and director, performs a one- man invocation of his ancestors, whose artistry and eccentricities ranged from Russia to France and from Switzerland to Ethiopia. 6:00 AWARD SERIES Out Of The Web A Fly. A man who has lost his job and deserted his family learns that welfare is a helping hand and not charity. 6:30BRIEF To Be Announced. «:40 PROFILES IN COURAGE George Mason. Mason faces bitter opposition — even denunciation from George Washington — in Ms fight for a Bill of Rights in the Constitution. 7:30 PBL Timely and Informative. Live and in color. • MONDAY, APRIL 1 |:38 ALL ABOARD t April Fool'» Day. For pr* schoolers. 3:0 JOURNEY Auvergne. The French Countryside. 3:30 THE BIG PICTURE Weekly Report. The U. S. Army in action around the world. 4:00 WHAT'S NEW Wildlife and Reptiles describes the habits of both the moose and the mule deer. 4:30 AUTO MECHANICS Engine Lubrication System. How the oil system eliminates the noise of metal parts moving against each other. 5:00 FOLK GUITAR Laura Weber teaches the A7 chord and uses it in "Home . On The Range." 5:30 ECONOMICS The Exchequer Cometh. The theory of taxation. 6:00 MUSICAL FORMS Themes and Variations. First in a' series designed to explain to the layman the forms used by composers. 8:30 WHAT'S NEW. Wildlife and Reptiles describes the habits of both the moose and the mule deer. 7:00 ALL ABOARD April Fool's Day. For preschoolers. 7:30 CHANNEL 10 TRAVELS Auvergne. The French Countryside. 8:00 UNIVERSITY CHAMBER TRIO University of Mississippi. Gene Saucier, Aurelia Urbanek and Wirinifred Smith perform the music of Mozart, Ravel, Stravinsky and Debussy. • 8:30 THE FRENCH CHEF Mousses, bombes and parfaits Delicious soft French ice creams. 9:0 N.E.T. JOURNAL Men Against Cancer. Documentary from National Educational Television. Returned Land The states of Maryland and Virginia each contributed territory . for the federal district. Since all the government buildings were.built on the Maryland side of the Potomac, Virginia asked that the tract of land it had donated to the district be returned. Toil wai dont in 1818. iiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiHiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii' Whar's for Lunch? BLYTHEVILLE Monday Chili w/Beans Cheese Strips Carrot Coins & Celery Sticks Milk Cinnamon Roll w/Orange Glaze Commerce Department finds that there are too many kinds, it must seek industry help in developing voluntary standards. Milk, of course, is standardized. Since the new law was passed, packagers of coffee and of salad and cooking oils.have voluntarily reduced (he variety of containers in which their goods are sold. About 50 other industry groups are studying reductions in the variety of packages, the Commerce Department said. These include packers of detergents, toothpaste arid potato chips. Toys It is unlawful to ship hazardous toys and other 'children's articles containing hazardous substances in interstate commerce. Auto Safety In perhaps the most widely publicized consumer protection effort, the government sets safety standards for new cars, starting with the 1968 models. They include front shoulder belts, shock-absorbing steering columns, dual brake systems, stronger door locks and laminated windshields. Textiles, Furs The law requires that textiles and furs be labeled as to what they are made of. Furs labels must give the true English name of the animal producing the fur, the country of origin, whether it is bleached or dyed and whether it is composed of paws, bellies, scrap pieces or waste fur. * * * Flammable Fabrics The law was passed in 1954 to protect the public against specified items of clothing such as highly flammable sweaters. It prohibits the movement in interstate commerce of items which flunk flammability tests. Last year Congress broadened the law to include wearing apparel such as gloves, and bedding and other household furnishings. Deceptive Practices The Federal Trade Commission keeps a lookout for false advertising and trickery. For example, the FTC conducted an investigation to determine whether consumers were being misled by the use of "cents-off" pricing by the coffee industry. In many instances, the FTC said, the "cents-off" price had become the regular price. No regulations were issued, however, because the FTC won a voluntary end to the practice by the industry. Food Drug Laws These laws, which began in 1906, basically require that a label tell truthfully what is inside the container. They also prohibit the interstate shipment of adulterated products. Certain food standards have been set up—a can of creamed corn has to pass a not-too-soupy test; a can of "stringless" green beans can have only one tough string per ounce. A years-long controversy over standards for peanut butter still isn't settled. The PDA has proposed that peanut butter cannot have artificial flavorings or color and can contain no more than 10 per cent optional ingredients such as sugar and emulsifiers. The rest would be peanuts. Ever open a box of breakfast cereal and feel cheated because .it's not filled to the top? The regulations recognize that in some cases the contents must settle. But they tell the packer of a variety of products how full the container must be. A can of tomatoes, for instance, must be filled to not less than 90 per cent of capacity. Under a law passed last year, over-the-counter drugs must te found not only safe but also effective. In the past, labels on drugs had to list their effective ingredients. Beginning July 1, the labels also must say in simple language what they're supposed to do for you. Federal agencies say enforcement of all the consumer laws would be impossible if it weren't for the fact that the vast majority of businessmen voluntarily comply with .the law. Agencies say, too, that indi- viduals and private and civic o^ ganizations help by calling at tention to wrongdoing. The government uses field b> specters and testing laboratories to make sure products an what they are supposed to be. The FTC monitors television to make sure the commercial! are not misleading. That's why viewers no longer see men it white jackets pushing certain pills-the FTC said watcheri might think the men really wera doctors. The government's first objective is to get a bad practice stopped at once. The FTC; 1 can issue cease and desist orders. The FDA can seize a batch Of contaminated food. • What can you do to protect yourself? \ Fight back, the FTC says in a . pamphlet subtitled "The Ungentle Art of Self-Defense." ; It adds, "Just plain old cold- blooded shopping makes it tough on the gypsters." It tells the citizen to speak up if he has a legitimate complaint, protest to the seller, tell a local group like the Better Business Bureau, tell your local government, write the facts to the FTC.. • The FTC says: "It might surprise you to find out how much good can be accomplished by a citizen with a legitimate complaint who will take the troubla to invite attention to it" QUICK QUIZ Q-What bird is frequently referred to as the "rain p'foph et"? A—The American cuckoos become vociferous as a storm approaches and consequently are frequently referred to as "rain crows.' Q-Which are the only Latin American countries, in which Spanish is not the official language? A—Brazil, whose official lan^ guage is Portuguese; and Haiti whose official language is French. Q-Who is the only U.S. president who simultaneously defeated two other presidents in one election? A—Woodrow Wilson, who defeated William Howard Taft and Theodore Roosevelt in 1912. V Q-Is Alcatraz Island still maintained as a federal prison? A-The island, called "The Rock," is no longer a penitentiary; however, as the future of the island is undetermined, the prison buildings still stand. Q-When did John F. Kennedy first enter the Congress of the United States? A—He was first elected to the House of Representatives in 1946. Q - How old was Paul Revere, patriot of the American Revolution, when he made his historic horseback ride in 1775? A—The hero was 40 years old. Q-What is the first written reference to the game of golf? A-That which appeared in 1457, when King James II of Scotland, Issued an edict against "fate-ball and golfe" because (ice of archery, then essential military art. By TOMMY YATES Associated Press Writer Some people believe they are just naturally "snakebit," and some people will swear they were brought into this world by Dr. Badluck, Bad luck or misfortune has created many superstitions through the years, like breaking a mirror, walking under a ladder or having a black cat cross your path. Many will say they don't believe in such things, but ever so often you know of a person who'll drive a block or so out of the way to miss a cat, or knock on a piece of wood as if in jest. There is one person, though, who certainly seems to have had his share of misfortune. He's Bill Jowers of Monroe, La., a student at Arkansas State University. He also is a part-time radio announcer for KLCN at Blytheville. The Jonesboro Sun said that Jowers was working the late shift at the radio station when his roommate called. "Why are you calling me at this hour?" asked Jowers. "Got some bad news for you," replied the caller. "Our apartment burned tonight and rolling but charred walls is left." Earlier in the year, Jowers bought a small foreign car and was driving along the highway one day when the hood blew up and crashed through the windshield. Fortunately, he was not injured. Shortly after that, a motorist hit Jowers' car, causing serious damage to the automobile, and that left him without transportation to his job for several days. After that, he was.driving to work during a snowfall and a tractor-trailer rig approached. A combination of wind and a gust from the truck blew his car off the road. While working at the radio station, Jowers announces Blytheville athletic events. He recently was presented a sport jacket by the team and coaches. The privilege of wearing the jacket, however, carried with, it another distinction. Every time the team won, Jowers was thrown into the showers. JACOBY ON BRIDGE Here is a freak hand taken from an Internationl Match Point team-of-four game that shows four experts at their best and worst. Everyone at the table had some words of criticism for his partner although the final result was the perfect one. North and South bid their laydown grand slam and East and West saved at seven hearts. The interesting faeture is that North and South were not vulnerable while East and West were. The minor suit grand slam is a cinch and North - South would have scored 1,440 if they had been allowed to play it. West had to lose four tricks at his seven heart contract but minus 1,100 represented a 340 point saving. We are g o i n g t o dismiss East's criticism of West as silly. As for West's criticism of East, we have to go along.' West felt that East should have kept out of the bidding entirely and let South play at six diamonds which would have netted him a mere 940 points. We also must commend West for his seven heart bid. West had to assume that his partner had no defense at all, West did point out that he only expected to go down three tricks. He felt that his partner would show up with the king of hearts as his one face card, but West had made a good save, nevertheless. North and South felt that they should have reached seven under their own steam and that if they bad dona to, But and NORTH VK3 4AK62 3ft WEST EAST AJ109754 A83 VAQJIOflS V87542 4 Void 41043 * 9 +1085 SOUTH (D) *K Wold 4QJ9875 4AKJ713 East-West vulnerable West Norm East South 14 1A 2A Pass 3* 4V 4N.T. Pass 64 Pass Pass 6V Pass Pass 74 Pass Pass 7V Dble. Pass Pass Pass Opening lead— 4 K West might not have found the vulnerable save. North thought that South should have bid four clubs instead of three at his second turn to bid. South felt that North should have bid seven diamonds directly over six. South said, "My six dia mond response to your Blackwood four no-trump showed one ace and a valuable void. That void had to be in hearts because you had cue bid spades." We sort of agree with everybody but must point out that grand slams are always hard to bid and that at the other table South played at six diamonds. Rememoei hay Your Paper Bof Today In History By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Saturday, March 30, the 90th day of 1968. There are 276 days left in the year. Today's highlights in history: On this date in 1867, Secretary o! State William H. Seward and the Russian minister to the United States reached agreement on the purchase of Alaska for $7.2 million. On this date: In 1746, the Spanish painter, Francisco Goya, was born. In 1822, territorial government was established in Florida. • In 1856, the Crimean War was ended by the Treaty of Paris. In 1870 the 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified, guaranteeing that the right to vote could not be denied because of race, color or previous condition of servitude. In 1940, Japan established a puppet government in occupied China. In 1945, during World War II, Russian troops moved into Austria, forcing a retreat of German forces on all fronts. Ten years ago—Tanks, heavy mortars and machine guns were used in a border flare-up between Israel and Syria. Five years ago — The first sweepstakes in the United States in 75 years was established in New Hampshire. One year ago — A jetliner crashed into a motel near the New Orleans airport', killing 18 persons. War Vignettes DA NANO, Vietnam (AP) 'My hands were steady, but my knees were sure shaky," the doctor said. Maj. Kenneth A. Cass, 39, Waterbury, Conn., was referring to a particularly dangerous operation—for himself as well as the patient: The removal of a live grenade from a young Soldier's leg. Pfc. Warren D. Hillman, 19, Buckholts, Tex., was moving in file as his patrol returned to its 198th Light Infantry Brigade company base camp near Chu Lai. Hillman was just pulling himself out of a stream when another soldier, entering the water from the other side, tripped and fell. The soldier's M79 grenade launcher discharged as he fell. The shiny, gold-colored grenade, bullet shaped and about the size of a golf ball, struck Hillman's right calf. The grenade did not explode, but it was buried from sight in the chunky soldier's muscle. * * * Hillman was sps3 by helicopter to a surgical field hospital at Chu Lai. Cass decided to expose as few people as possible to the danger. On hand only were a weapons expert, Capt. Fred J. Puckett, 43, Benton, Ark., and an anesthetist, Capt. Stanley Keating, Hartford, Conn. Ten flak jackets were packed around Hillman on the operating table. After Cass freed the grenade he lifted it out with his right thumb and Index finger and gave it to Puckett. Puckett took the grenade Outside to a safe area and exploded it It took 35 minutes from the time Hillman arrived at the hospital until Puckett blew the grenade. The reason the grenade did not go off was that it must travel about 30 yard* before it' arms itself. In Hiltaian's case, that distance had not been covered. Mr. Soddm S»rvle» Says: The Poly Phosphate in FASCO CHEM-PLEX LIQUID FERTILIZER Will Hasten COTTON Maturity in 1968 Sold By FARMERS SOYBEAN CORP. "THE HOME OF SUDDEN SERVICE? Ely. Phone PO 3-8191 TELL THE TOWN Blytheville Courier News

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