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PAOT8CE BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.)' COURIER NEWS Life May Hinge On Rays of Light Scientists Discover Layer of Oxygen That Contrail Sun Power »T *»]ph Dlfhfoit LOS ANGELES, Nov. 2. (AP) — Life »nd deith on this planet may hint by so nebulous a thrtad as an .invisible r»y of light. Two separate announcements, one by the California institute of Technology, the other by the University of California at I/K Angeles, brought this grim specter into the realm of scientific speculation: . Sixty miles above the earth exists ,« heretofore unknown layer of oxygen molecules which mysteriously change the wave lengths of the sun's deadly ultra-violet rays to infra-red neat rays. This was announced by Dr. Joseph Kaplan, UCLA professor of physics. If some sudden piercing of the earth's atmospheric shelld—perhaps by a comet or an atomic explosion —should let that layer of oxygen molecules escape, life inielil vanish from the face of the globe under the combardment of ultra-violet radiation from the sun. The effect of certain types of ultra-violet rays on living organisms may be Judged from announcement by. Caltech's Dr. Renato Dulbecco, who yesterday disclosed discovery of "life rays" and "death rays" in his itudiet with invisible light. A certain kind of light, he said, can kill a little-known bacterial virus, and another kind oi light can bring th« same organism back to life. The killing light is an ultraviolet shortwave. The "life ray is" a barely visible light wave. Control Cell Growth The viruses affected by these rays, said Dr. Du.becco, control the growth processes of cells In the human body. Destruction: of these viruses, he believes, may allow the cells to grow wild, as in the case of cancer. , Th\», if an overdose of ultraviolet raj* from the sun did nothing else, it might touch off 'a cancer epidemic of severe proportions. The likelihood of such an' occurrence is fantastic,-he pointed out, "but within the realm of speculation." Dr. Dulbecco said he hopes his studies ultimately may reveal the secret of the growth of cancer cells, and even the effect of the" sun of humans. The existence of ths protective layer of oxygen molecules which disarms the sun's lethal ultra violet rays in the upper atmosphere »M discovered by Dr. Kaplan in laboratory experiments. He calls them "energetic" molecules because of their "ability to absorb energy from the sun in the form of ultra violet rays and'release it in the form of heat rays. , . ; ; j Further'.study of the layer, believe* Dr.-Kaplan, may pave the way for accurate long-range weather forecasting. Scientists could chart weather months in'advance, he says if they know what happens in the upper atmosphere to the enormous amounts of energy with which the sun bombards the earth. Forest Fire in California Destroys Ten Homes CHATSWORTH, Calif., Nov. 2- OPl— A forest fire, racing wildly out of control yesterday destroyed ten costly homes in box canyon near here, and periled many more. A strong northwest wind fanned the flames through the night Shortly before 2 a.m. (PST). 35 families .were evacuated from their homes in" the. north end of the canyon. Appraxlmately 350 families live in the entire canyon. All were ordered to stand by for evacuation at a moment's notice. Several hundred firefighters, aided by bulldozers, are on the line. Dulles-Lehman Battle Upsets Predictions of Quiet Campaign Bjr Bruce Boluat NEA Staff Correspondent NE'V YORK —(NBA)— Everybody looked for a quiet, dignified debate between two high-minded men. But the New York race between Sen. John Foster Dulles, R«p"blican, and Herbert H. Lehman, Democrat, has turned Into a slam-bang affair that stands with ;he best free-for-all] in campaign history. At slake in this surprisingly bitter contest k the vacated scat of former Sen. Robert F. Wagner, who resigned last summer. Wagler's term had only a little more lhan a year to run, so whoever wins on Nov. 8 may serve only until November, 1950. Then the wst goes on the election block again. Dulles now holds office :hrough temporary appointment from Gov. Thomas B. Dcwcy. Naturally, the political leaders of both parties will be riveting :heir attention on the results of 'lie Dulles-Lehman race. It Is the 'irst big test of public sentiment in an Important state since the 1948 •'residential battle. Each side will je watching for signs of a wax- 'n or waning of its fortunes. This Js certainly the main event in 1949 elections. But what about ;he two contestants who fooled the experts by making it a bare- fisted fight? Doesn't Look I'arf Dulles, for one, doesn't look the part of the hard-driving campaigner. At 6! he has the cool, detached air of the professional man—which what he is. On the platform le unfolds his argument calmly and confidently, hands in his pockets. No gestures, none of the stnnd- ird^props o( political oratory. He tries to nail down his iioints with dates and names and figures. His ong experiences as a corporation lawyer shows through plainly. His physical appearance reinforces the Impression of detachment. His smooth gray hair; high forehead, metal-rimmed glasses and straight nose all (it into' a portrait of a sort of kindly advisor who Is nevertheless thoroughly capable of wielding stern authority. This is the man the Russians lave caricatured as an ape and lave carried aloft In effigy as part of a May Day parade float in Moscow. He's the one Russian Foreign Minister Vlshlnsky said should be "thrown In chaf is." Dulles seems proud of the hate e has engendered in Moscow. He accepts it as a compliment to his toughness as an American negotiator in many post-war International conferences, and to the efficiency with which he has called attention in many articles to the menace of Communism. Dulles first came to punlic notice ns Dewey's firelgn affairs mentor. Since his grandfather took him to a European peace conference, In 1901, he has had an unflagging interest in foreign policy. Two Democratic presidents recognized his stature in the field by making him a consultant at vital post-war conferences. For four years he served as a U. S. delegate to the United Nations As- sembly. Also Qualified While his admitted rank as a foreign affojrs expert Is Dulles' outstanding murk, his rival, Lehman, is not without qualifications In that same field, A convinced internationalist, the one-time New York governor spent four critical years as boss of UNRRA, the first international relief agency born of World War II. Still, Lehman Is probably best known on the American scene as a state administrator. He was New York's governor from 1933 to 1942. He was an executive In the New Deal traditions, emphasizing social welfare programs and former and labor interests His financial ex- pertncss was acknowledged when lie wiped out a 5100,000,000 state deficit and left a surplus of 480,000,000. B ii t oddly, Lehman undertook much of this duty reluctantly, in 1836, nfter two straight two-year terms, he tried to bet; off but finally agreed to run again, in 1938 he wanted to try for the Senat;, but Dewey convinced him that she should stand for a fourth term as governor. Lehman had been a factor in Desvey's political rise, having named him special rackets prosecutor. When Dewey, as GOP nominee for governor, called Lehman the "unwitting tool" of the criminal elements, Lehman picked up the challenge fast. In those days his friends called him "silent dynamite," for he was ft quiet but determined operator. Today, he is a ringed 11. stockily- built, bronzed, vigorous In speech n n d niiinner. only a fringe o f white hair around a big bald spot gives a hint of his age. ' ' Red Issue Starts Battle These are the men who begun a campaign on Sept. . 15 that was expected to be almost \ scholarly in lone. But then Dulles uttered the word "Communist," and the contest dropped from Its lofty plane and became a hard-swinging match. Dulles, who has delivered almost 100 speeches to a bare half dozen for Lehman, charged that his opponent had the Communists in his corner. He said Lehman didn't fight them hard enough to drive them out of his camp. The doughty Lehman snapped that this was a ludicrous charge a '"phantom" issue. He said he'd originally welcomed Dulles to the WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1949 -• _/•£- ^zes; &a.Kt">i<&$m I fiSy- J -*SEfir »«fj SPEEDING TKA1N DKHATLEI) BY BROKEN RAIL—Tlie locomotive and leading cars or Santa Fc's luxury all-coach streamliner El Capttan lie scattered along the right-of-way near Azusa, Calif., after the speeding cast bound trail) struck a broken rail. Seventeen passengers were Injured, none seriously. The leading unit of the diesel burning locomotive overturned and caught-fire as it hit the broken rail. IAP Wircpliolo). political arena because he anticipated a "fair and intelligent" debate. But he found, he said, that the GOP nominee was resorting to the "well-known Republican tactic of the Communist snu-ar." Bitterness mounted as Dulles pounded the Communist theme. His press represen' tlves indicated to reporters that Democrats were snatching material from Dulles' headquarters, irritated at Lehman's blunt denials of his charges, Dulles sent a- messenger, to Lehman's home with a copy of a speech forcefully repeating ' the accusations of Communist support. Lehman bounced bach with charges of "bigotry" and "class prejudice." Somewhere amid all this furor It could be noted that Dulles was against the Truman Fair Deal and the "welfare state," while Leh- man was rort it. But it looked as If the heavy trading of punches over Communism would keep the calmer Lwiies in the* background right down to the wire on Nov. 8. THERE MUST BE A REASON WHY IT'S Mjp-soyjjVs SELLER IT'S ALL VEGETABLE Old Mormon Folk Songs Collected By U.S. Educator LOS ANGELES' <AP)-Hun<iredii of Mormon folk songs have been unearthed by Dr.'Austin E.:pife of Occidental College, America's lead- Ing collector of Mormon folk lore For 15 years Dr. Fife and his wife have spent their spare time touring "Mormonla" (chiefly Utah) asking youngsters and oldsters to talk or sing into their recording microphone. Some Mormons, Dr. .Fife says, are church, officials may disapprove, unwilling to use his recorder for fear But most are flattered to be asked. As, a result the Fifes have added more than 300 transcriptions of Mormon folk songs and tales to the Archive of American Foil! Songs Library of Congress, other fruits of their hobby are the more than 13 volumes of notes on hundreds of interviews, letters, private 'Journals and obscure publications. Some days it's Just plain work gathering folk lore, say the Fifes. 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Nine houses, 4 barns, electricity and gravei road. This farm is Littl* River black land. Can be purchased for $29,500 down, balance payable $10,000 annually and this payment will include principal, interest and taxes.' Price $96,500.00. Will have to see this farm to appreciate the value. EL & F. New Madrid County. 122 acres one and one- half miles West of Risco, 5 room modern home garage, extra good barn and lour room (enant house Located on Highway 62. Price $200.00 per acre. ...: JP & F. Pemiscot County. SO acres lying S>/ 2 miles Northeast of Bragg City, gravel road, electridty. Two good houses, one barn. Price 5175.00 per acre. E. & H. F. Stoddard Co. 160 acres, 100 acres cleared. Modern home. S100 per acre. RVF. New iMadrid Co. 120 acres 3'/ 2 Miles N.W. of Matthews. $160 per acre. CRF. New Madrid Co. 10S'/ 2 Acres, 2'/, miles Northeast of Parma. $150 per acre. IKF. New Madrid Co. 196 acres, 7 miles Northwest of LilbOurn, $185 per acre. JBF. 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