The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on May 3, 1952 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Saturday, May 3, 1952
Page 1
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE. DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI ILYIM—NO. 36 Blythevllle Courier Blytheville Daily New« Mississippi Valley Leader Blyt)Mvil!« Herald BLYTHKVILLE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, MAY 3, 1952 EIGHT PAGES CottonProbe To Be Taken From Senate Justice Agency Expected to Dig Into Charges WASHINGTON (AP) — The Justice Department 1 s expected t o lake over the Senate investigation of alleged influence peddling in the government's huge defense program of stockpiling cotton. _ * Sen. Ellender (D-La) said yesterday he plans to send the department a transcript of conflicting testimony token in two days of public hearings by his Senate Agriculture Committee, and ask Justice investigators to take over, Sen. Aiken (R-Vt> said he would hold fire meanwhile on his announced plans to reveal on the Sen^_ ate floor the names of "two Cab^; fnet members who knew about this Rmetly deal," and who. he contends, attempted a "cover-up. 1 At issue are the relations be- Iw'een Clovis D. Walker, who directs the multl-milltoii-doltar buy- Ing program, and Loutfy Mansour, an Egyptian friend of Walker who , cold the agency 37 million dollars i worth of cotton. | Testimony Denied Walker flatly denied testimony given the committee yesterday that he and his wife used a secret code to cable inside information about the cotton purchasing plans to Mansour in Egypt, but he conceded: "Some of the things I've done- It hns been improper." Ellender, liie committee chairman and a close friend of Secretary of Agriculture Brannan. predicted Walker will be suspended by the secretary pending outcome of the Justice Department Inquiry. Brannan, In Newark, o', told a reporter he had no comment to ma ke. Code Words Mentioned :* Harold Mesibox, special investl- ^ gator for the Agriculture Depart ment, testified Mr. and Mrs, Walk er sent cables to Mansour which contained code words Mansour us£a in exchanging messages with members of his Egyptian cotton dealing company. Interpreting a long string of the cables, Mesibov said they showed Mansour knew details of Walker's plans for cotton purchases and even the amounts the government had stockpiled, although these were military secrets. He said Mansour evidently also had access to valuable information before it was learned by the public or others in the cotton trade. Walker countered; "I hnve never knowingly given Mr. Mansour any confidential information." • "Wfcs Full Agent" But Walker conceded that while serving in a government post requiring impartial treatment of ill bidders, he had in effect "been the agent" of Mansour, with full authority to cable the Egyptian trade information. He acknowledged that he end Mnnsour had "exchanged property" but denied they exchanged gifts, and said he had represented Mnn- sorr in n Florida land deal. Walker said he now regards the?e actions as improper, but denied they were dishonest, and insisted that what trade information he had sent Mansour had been made public previously. SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Steel Firms Have Till Monday To Make Settlement with Union Air Force Restricts Flying Hoars Outside Korea Due to Oil Strike KOIiEAN PRISONERS OF WAR MOVED — UN prisoners of war, described as former South Korean soldiers captured by the Communists and then impressed into the Red army, are moved from Koje Island to a new POW cainp at Masan, Note the American flag made of burlap and the home- made South Korean flags. More than 3,000 prisoners were moved to break up trouble spots at Kojc where there has been two riots. The army says these prisoners have denounced Communism. (AP Wircphoto) Four Red Jets Felled by Yanks Two Sunset Battles Staged Near Yahj River Boundaries SEOUL. Korea i — US. Sabre Jet pilots shot down four Communist Jet planes and damaged a Red propeller-driven fighter in two sunset air battles over Northwest Korea, the U.S. Fifth Air Force said tonight. The Jet scraps took place near the Yalu River, boundary between Korea Manchuria, duced America's I3th Jet ace. Capt — -•- Allied Truce Plan Believed 'Rejected' MUNSAN, Korea MV-The brevity of today's -secret full dress Ko rean armistice negotiations led to speculation that the Communist. have, in effect, rejected an Allied "package" proposal for solving deadlock. Brig.-Gen. William P. Nuckols, North Korean Gen. Nam II, No United Nations Command spokesman, said after the session it was obvious no agreement was reached on the U, N. overall solution. Nuckols said the 24-minute meet- ing'in Panmunjom \vas conducted m an atmosphere "cooly impersonal." / a i Chili Severs Copper Poet SANTIAGO, Chile />Pi—Chile la;;: night broke off a year-old agreement lo sell 80 percent o' her copper m a fixed price to the United States and announced she will enter the world's free market May B with her \vhole output. with about 15 MIOS. In the :second battle 40 Sabres battled an undetermined number of Red planes- Earlier Saturday Sabre sweeps to the Yalii had met no opposition. United Nations artillerymen on the Eastern Front caught three groups of Red soldiers in the open Friday and inflicted about 16 casualties on the 144 Reds sighted. Red Artillery Fires Tied artillery hurled 2,!*00 rounds iicross the 155-mile front. The U.S. Filth Air Force in Its weekly summary said the 1,233 sorties flown Friday \vns a record for the Korean War. Total for the week was 5,415. The Air Force said it lost eight planes during the week ended Friday, increasing combat losses Jor the war to 657. One F80 was destroyed in an air fight, five planes were s ho t do w n by Red g ro uncl fire and two failed to return for unkno'.vn causes. Seven MlG's Downed Allied planes shot down seven MIGlSs, probably destroyed two and dnmaged s j x during the xvcch. the Air Force said. This raised Air Force claims for the war to 442 Red planes destroyed »nd probably destroyed. Most of the Communists losses have been in air battles. The Air Force said 301 MIGISs alone have been shot down in riog fights, The Allies hnvc announced only 71 planes destroyed in air battle. Manilq Council To Meet Monday Wnf-U^r MANILA-City Council will hold r t t- L* t t b«j i its regular meeting in City Hal' i here at 8 p.m. Monday. Mayor I. D Arkansas forecast: Partly cloudv j Shedd said this morning, this afternoon, tonight and ton'or- Inside Today's Courier News , . ... Rerouting of Highway IS fnlo city long overdue . . . editorials . . . Page 4. . . . Arkansas Neus Briefs . . . Markets . . , Page 8. . . . Society'.. . . Page 2. .-. . Mlzell wins one for Cards . . . sports . . . Pase 5. Osceola C. of C. To Meet Tuesday U.S. Chamber Official Scheduled to Be Principal Speaker OSCEALA—A U.S. Chamber of Commerce official will speak on "The Challenge of Our Times" at a dinner meeting here Tnesdav at 7 p.m. The Osceola Chamber of Commerce is sponsoring the program but attendance is not limited tc members. Manager Bill Stevens said this morning. William J. Bird, assistant manager of the Southwestern Division of the U.S. Chamber, is to he the 1 Red negotiator, did most of th talking. Joy Suggest Recess When Nam finished reading prepared statement. Vice Adm. C Turner Joy, senior U.N. delegate replied briefly and suggested a re cess until tomorrow. The faet that Joy was willing t meet again so soon suggested thn Nam's statements required IHlfS my study. Last Monday (he U.N. handc the Reds a package proposal 'io settling the issues of prisoner e: change, airfield rehabilitation du ing an armistice and Russian pa ticipation in truce supervision. l>etails Not Announced Details have-not been announce^ Whether the Reds have objeete to the proposal or whether the have offered a counter propos lias not been disclosed. The fact (hat Joy has little say to the Reds and has aske only for overnight re(*ss seemr to rule out the possibility that tl Reds had made a countcr-offe Communist newsmen at Pal munjom, whose views often refle official Red thinking, said the Con munist delegation would ncvi yield in their demand that all A lied held Red prisoners be repa ated, by force if necessary. Th U.N. hns demanded voluntary patriation. U.S. Takes Steps To Cut Out Luxur Living in German FRANKFURT. Germany W) U.S. Army announced today it taking steps "at once" to elimina certain luxury services enjoyed occupation troops in Germany. The announcement set June 30 in the target dale to put an end free domestics and other personal o- C !; PCr n °" natkmal »«»»*.! Mrvires paid for by Germans from Bird will discuss recent events j occupation costs. The action appnr- speaker. His headquarters arc Dallas. Texas. DENVER (AP)—The Air Force has Issued orders slicing flying hours outside the .orean Theater because of the strike of about 80,000 refinery mid pipeline oil industry 'orkcrs. "Because of Hie strike in the petroleum industry,"'n two - sentence statement rom the Air Force read, "the U.S. Air Force has issued orders cui'Lailing flviujf activity " "One lo Air Force stock levels, ' II flying outside the Korean The- ter is restricted to the minimum equircd lo continue training, per- orin essenliaf command missions nd perform absolutely essential dministrallve flights." Earlier, Kighlb Air Force Hi;:id- uarters nt Carswell Air Force lase near Fort Worth. Tex., had rdered a "considerable cutback" n flying of its largest bombers. The B36 heavy bombers are imited to 20 hours flying monthly or the duration of the strike, elective today. Other limitations )lace 15 hours monthly on B29 and *50 medium bombers and 10 hours m fighter planes. The B36, deigned to carry the atom Ijomu. las a fuel capacity of more than ll.OOO gallons. Training Flights Curtailed U.S. Seeks to Halt Runs On Filling Stations for Gas WASHINGTON './Ft— The government is striving to slave off runs in filling stations as a result of the oil workers' strike.",. While labor and Management officials continue efforts to reach new wage contracts, federal officials are taking pains to calm public fears. From nearly every quarter came talcments emphasizing that re- erve stocks of fuels are at record lighs — sufficient, they say, to lermlt normal consumption for everal weeks. The officials also joint out that runs on filling sta- ions not only would result in waste nit would create fire hazards hrougli unsafe storage of gasoline in private premises. The Air Force, however. has sharply limited flying on Its planes, Routine training- flights have been curtailed at the Air Training Command sit Scott AFB Belleville 1. Some commercial airlines reportedly had less than 30 hours supply of aviation gasoline on :iand when the strike of 22 CIO, AFL and independent unions began at midnight Tuesday. A spokesman for the Air Transport Association said most lines are "moving heaven and enrth' in efforts lo build up and effectively ration out their supplies. Included among the more thai. one-third of the nation's'struck, refineries are the big catalytic unit 1 that manufacture refined aviatiot fuel. Biff Refineries Included These include the world's targes 1 at Port Arthur, Tex. f operated b> Gulf Oil; Texas Company's For Arthur. Tex., plant; Magnolia's Beaumont, Tex., refinery and Shel and Sinclair at Houston and oth'er major ones in the Midwest, An official of the Petroleum ___ ministration for Defense (PAD) re, ported an order will he Issued nex week limiting flying in general. It is estimated production o aviation gasoline has been sllccc at least 35 per cent. diiy was curtailment of buying in Another major development to the Southwest, Mountain West am Illinois of crude oil. Purchase, were cut a.s much as 60 per cent ii a few locales. The drop general]; was around 40 per cent. Meanwhile, there was little prog rcss in plant-by-plant negotiations The coalition of unions, headed bj the Oil Workers International Un ion (OWIU) in Denver, is seckin a 25-cent hourly wage hike and in creased night shift differentials, The average wage ranges fron £2 to $2.10. Differentials would g up from 4 to 6 cents from the p. m. to midnight shift and fror 6 to 12 cents from midnight t dawn. An agreement reached in I.o Angeles yesterday between reprt sentatives of Standard Oil of Call: ornia and the Independent Union ( Petroleum Workers has no appre the Army at that time He was ciable effect on the strike, an I rli.srharnecl from the Army with OWIU spokesman said. He added I the rank of lieutenant colonel. the union was not a. member of j the coalition. Other planks were being involved daily, with Kansas, Cleveland and ?xcepl in Korea, because of the itrikc. The Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) has plans lo limit flying generally next week. I'AI) Is Optimistic' Even so. the PAD is optimistic that there will be an early settlement of the labor dispute. One reason for the optimism is that historically the oil industry has. enjoyed good labor relations. Another reason is the 15-ceut Hourly pay increase accepted by 3,000 employes of the Phillips PC trolcutn Co. in Borger, Tex., area PAD officials hope (his will sot a pattern for negotiations elsewhere in the industry. Steel Worries Oil Circle The steel situation produced pos slbly more concern in oil circle, here than the oil labor troubles Gloom displaced cautious opttm isin at PAD headquarters that stoe supplies would increase enough li permit attainment of the agency'. 1352-53 expansioii program for "in mdufitiy. One official estimated th sled .shutdown has cost the petrol cum industry 5,000 tons daily of ol country tubular goods alone. James E. McDanlel James Me Daniel Will Speak at Jaycee Banquet James E. McDaniDl. Jonesbor>, attorney, will be principal speaker at the installation of new Junior Chamber of Commerce officers following a banquet at the Jaycee club house May 6. Mr. McDoniel received his bachelor of arts degree from Harding College at Searcy and did graduate work for two years at the University of Missouri. He received his bachelor of law degree from the University of Arkansas. State debating champion for three years and Southern champion one year. Mr. McDanlcl was selected outstanding young mnn of the year In 1945 by Jaycces in New York, where he was stationed with "TMelands" Pending The "tidelands" legislation stil is pending before congressiona conferees, who expect to nice early next week in another a! tempt to iron out differences In twccn House and Senate bills. Mouse conferees have yielded I Hie Senate on one big point, ayree ing lo eliminate a provision ol 111 Mouse Bill which would have give the states 3T,i per cent of a revenues from oil and gas in land beneath the marginal seas. ClariTlralion Asked Sen. Ilennings (l)-Mo) plans 1 insist tiial the slate departmei make clear its objections again publication of the federal trad commission's study of an allege international oil cartel. lie said h would ask the. department for complete report of its views. Tiie senator recently wrote FT Chairman James M. Mead inqu ing why the study is considered and then conduct answer period. a question ai nd I ently ended the army's quarrel w | the State Department, which I SHOWERS row; widely scattered t h mid erenow- ers In the east this afternoon; not much change in temperature. Missouri forecast: Generally fair ' — *ut- otfuc ivi-pititLiiciiv, wnicii nas Harold Ohlcndorf. president of \ been naceing big and little brass to the Osccola Chamber, is to be i get rid of Us fads and frills. , toastmaster at the meeting. It will I U. S. High Commissioner John J I 'Wjlljp' be held in the Progressive Club j McCloy hailed the Army announce- ' TT1Ili ^ • building over the library in O^crxla i ment as evidence of "real coopera- Thc aldermen will discuss some Delegations from other Missis-I tlon " purchasing needed for the Fire De- sippi County towns and from Mem ' St. Louis recently reporting more struck refineries. Filling station pumps slowly were running dry in a few scattered midwestcrn areas. secret document. He said he wa told thnl the State Department objected to its being made public, The FTC report is understood to ruman U.S. Will Hike Wages, Unless- President Discloses Government Aims in Nine-.Minute Talk WASHINGTON (AP) — 'resident Truman told steel ndustry leaders today that tie government is prepared 0 boost worker wages Monay unless the industry eaclics agreement with the inion before then. The President disclosed the ttm- rmnent's aims in a a nine mln- te talk to union and Industry cndcrs. His remarks opened White Housn egotlalions seeking a solution lo lie long pending labor dispute that as brought seizure of the Industry lid a bitter court fight. "The government will be pre- )arccl on Monday morning, or ai oon fls we ran gel ready, to order hnnge.s In terms and conditions 1 employment to he put into ef- ccl." Triininn said in opening tho Irnnrnlic meeting. Kcmarks Made Public A texl of his remarks was made mblic by the White Elouse minutes itter the meeting begun. Truman said he didn't want lo have the government fix terms and conditions of employment for the steel industry under government seizure. "But we will have no choice If you ciuinot agree." Truman said. The Wage Stabilization Board las proposed for the industry an immediate pay raise of 12J4 cents an hour with two boosts.of 2y 2 cents each by nexl January; plus "friiige benefits amounting .to some 8 k ,' a cents. The government was reported ready to go with the immediate 12',' 2 cents and extra money for such things as paid Holidays and shift differentials. Pay now is just under $2 an hour including over- lime. Opportunity for Settlement Truman told the group of eight steel industry executives and the CIO Steelworkers delegation headed by Union President Philip Murray thai: "Tn these meetings, you have the opportunity to settle this dispute as it should be settled. You can reach agreement if you have the will to do so." He added: "1 am asking you. as the head of the greatest government in the world, to set down on earth and talk to each olher arjd talk to each other without any ill feeling, and Ret this thing done." Expressions of hope came from all sides as the principals met at the White House. Secretary of Commerce Sawyer, boss of the mills under government seizure, led off In the statements of qualified optimism lhat there might be a settlement: "I hope so. I' mmaking no predictions." Benjamin Pairicss. president of U. S. Slcel Corp., took about the Taft Returns to Ohio • - ,-, t ,,,r-r , K, server at the third World Petrol- GLE.VELAND uVi-Srn. R-jucrl A. cum.Congress late last year at (he o o same view: be in line with a report issued! "I always have hope. Hope is e.irly In January by the Joint Sen- i eternal." ate and Srnalt Business Com- Philip Muray, president of the miltee, prescnlln_ views of Us nu-| ClO-slcclworkers. made it unani- Taft returned to Cleveland today to wind up his Ohio campaign for the Republican presidential nonn- partmcnt and other business be routine, tile mayor said. ue- | si, will I pi 'Keep Faith/ Hirohito Says TOKYO «'. — E:nperor Hirohito today called on his people to "keep other nations," and see his are expeclcd.^r. Stevens -aid '. Qatis Costing Too Much? Will Sprak In Blythcvilc William J. Bird, national nff.iirs expert, is to speak to the Blytlie- Businessman Says So SAN FRAN'CISCO l,Tl — A business man who recently returned from a visit Co Moscow predicted Saturday alternoon. Salurday'nisht pealed." 'the previous mistake is fe«wdly j he Emperor, with Empress Na' and .Sunday. excVpt scattered showers likely cast Satur- ; celebration ol Japan's new Incir- day evening; little cooler north j gaho at liis tide, spoke at a formal pcntience that came v.ith the end o! the Allied occupation Monday. vine Chamber of Commerce aoard from a visit to Moscow predicted of directors, members of a national! yesterday that William Oatls. As- affairs committee, anri'their iiie.-ts '• sociated Press correspondent, will here Tuesday at 2:30 p.m. | be rrlcnscd from jail within a year Mr. Bird is comins; through here | by Czechoslovak Reds because his j en his way to Osccola where Me will J Imprisonment is costing the Com.™ a v T,,.«HO,. mi »v,i ,,„ ,._ , | mvmli ., s lrm much in gooti TCm anc i not re ~ speak Tuesday night He ha.s been " Washinglon - Sunday. Minimum this mornine—62. Maximum yesterday 91. Sunset today- r>:46. Sunri.-e tomorrow- .v.07. i Precipitation last si hours,to 7 President Re-Electcd A.m.—none. His Old Number OSSINING. robber Willie N. Y. l/Pi— "The Actor" Sutton was back in Slug Sing Prison today—with the same numbor he had when he escaped from there in 1932. The notorious, slick convict arrived at Sing Sing last night. He was treated as a veteran inmate —receiving his old "B4S9B" number, and being assigned to a segregation building rather than a "rookie" company. Hague. That report said an international cartel has a strong Influence on world oil production ami prices. 'Smear,' Says GOP of Truman's Attack on Republican Party ^WASHINGTONJJI - Republicans, waufccc: "1 don't like to talk abo ' Paragould Southeastern Total precipitation since Jan. 1— 17.36 Mean temperature (midway between high and low) — 78, Normal mean temperature tor 1'lik Date Last Year Minimum th!^ ni'irniny 61. Maximum \f •• ": <-IR •.•---86. Precipitation Jauu rt jy I LO PINE BLUFF. Ark. 1>P| — H. J. McKenzie, president of trie St. Louis Southwestern Railway, v;as re-elected prtsidcnt of the Parogoultl Southeastern Railway company at a stockholders meeting here yesterday. Record Numbers of Young People Turn to Religion For U.S. Career NEW YORK '.-I', -When It comers It rial st xhnls no* are enrolled In to deciding on a career, record seminaries and theological schools- numbers of American young people |— nearly double the number in j are making this choice: "religion.": years during or before World War' Most church authorities sure Jus! why. "It's highly curious." said Or. Hermann N. Mor.-e. general secre- aren't! II. i Statistics indicate the number on the average Is 18 per cent higher W. P. Kirsrh ami A H. Wrape of P.n.ifioulri \vi»ie rliM-Hl to the bm'i, The railroad, a tw:-m B !t Mib- jidtory. npciale& be U 1 ceil Parriyoulci yarrnt brfo ; . e" land Blytheville. ' - tary of the Presbyterian U. 8. A. National Missions Boc J. "We call Hits a Mvular a«, and yet Iheic's an lnti>i?M in spiritual • ucatiin Department. "We v,rjik amon? voun§ people never ap- still be ^rttlne Ihe po Chan it was two years ago. "It's a stranKP, Intangible thing," .said Dr. Lynn !.eaven,\vorth, of the American UnplMs Theological Kd- Britain's Jet Airliner ! Whines Across Jungles | On Historic Flight I KNTEUBE. Usanrta Wi — Britain's Jet airliner, the DcHavillan<l Comet, tvhinrrt seven miles hi?h across African jungles and plains today, making aviation history with the world's first commercial Jet service. Aboard was a full paylo:ul ol 36 passengers, mall and baggage, bound [rom London to Johannes- bins. South Attica— a tpan of 6.- today accused President Truman I of using ".smear tactics" in saying they are Irving to "sneak into of- worse than Communists" are be- .smirching government workers* reputations. Truman made the charges lost night In a hard-hitting speech—he railed U "a le.sson in politics"—at the 70th anniversary meeting of «.ooo vftf still rei^ « „,„,. f* T2\ miles— In a whedulcd time cif 23 hours and 40 minutes. Hi ho;irs of it uns carded lor grmmd stops at five way stations. the dead/' He declined rupLion-in-govcrtimeiU charges. As the November elections come nearer, Truman said, "the opposition Is becoming frantic . . . and . . . so they have launched a campaign to make people think that the government service as a whole Is lazy. "I don't have a thinu to say except lhat T am hopeful." Besides President Truman, those representing the administration at the conference were SWVER. Dr. John R, Stcelman. a.ssis;ant to the President and acting defense mobilization director': Charles Murphy, special counsel to the President, and David Stowe, administrative assistant to the President. ! Eight steel officials and -six of; ficers of tho union arrived for the . . i conference but whether all entered ' • L the meet ins could not be established immediately. The .steelmen have charged that the President by sei/in---; the industry had adopted tactics smackfnc: of dictatorship. While Mouse officials saici the President made his .statement and left the- nieotim; with Secretary . inefficient, corrupt and even disloyal." the National Civil Service League, The President said he believed the '•political K»utters" who ho -said have hrd under protection of congressional Immunity are "as E?ra\e a menace BS the Communists." Dep;uUi;£ from his prepared text, he said: { "I think they are worse than Al?cr Hlss cnsc R ' rct Communists. In fact, I think they s ° v ™ " m " <s arc partners with them." S.iw\ cr at 8:10 a. iCST*. Steelman and Stoue continued the ses- • lon. . He numed no names, but he has fired similar criticism in the past at f>n McC.irlhy (R-\Vls) and Commenting on the speech. Sen. [ • • .-..— .—...... Nixon (R-Cahff said the President [ LITTLE LIZ ! hart resorted to "smear tactics for! 'pohtiral purposes." and added: I : "Let the public iccall (lint this j is the same man who called the ' Algcr Hiss case a 'red herring .seven limes/' Hiss. A former State Department official, is in jail (or perjury. He othei wlio contcmleil CommunisH find Ki*J sympftihlxcr-i h;ivo v,01 keil tht'ir way into fed- , . was convicted of having lied in saying he never furnished .secret government papers to a Red spy Srn Murult iR-SDl s.iut Till. man's adrinv-s contained "vrckl?.-^ McCarthy. n:-krrl for comment on , cliauc? which are conlroverted by Men's opinions chonge — ex- cepl those they have of them- I Truman s remarks, said la 4tU-j th« (acts."

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