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PAGE SIX BLYTHEVTLLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS THE BLYTHJ5VILLE COURIER NEWS THE COURIER NEWS 'OCX H. W. HAINES, Publiiherj JAUXS U VERHOEFF Editor TLUL D. HUMAK. AdttrtUhH tait National AdwtUlcj Representative*: Wallace Witmn Co, Nnr York. Chicago Detroit, Atlanta, Memphis. CnUnd ai Mcond clan matter at UM port- offlce at BlythevUle, Arkansas, undar act at Coo(rest, October «, 1811. Member of Tte Associated Pita . SUBSCRUTJON KATES: By carrier in the dtj at Blytberllle or «nj (Uburbao town when carrier (ervlce it maln- Ulned, 20c per week, 01 85o per month By mall ; within > radius ol SO miles M.OO per year, (2.00 lor il* months, tl-00 (or tbrn month*; by mall outside 60 mile zon« $10.00 per year payable In advance. !Meditati6ns I c«ll hemven ind earlh lo record this day mrainU you, thit 1 hare set before you JIfe and death, blculnjc and cursing: therefore choose, life, thai both tho'u and thy seed may live.— Iteuleronamy 36:19. . * * * . . God offers to every mind its choice between truth and repose.—Emerson. Barbs Speedy driving not only helps yo uto see this world, but often the next. * * • An Illinois man arrested for going without clothe* vu not charted with Impersonalinc a wemin. * • • A 10-year-old Minnesota boy learned to play the violin while practicing in a remote woods. His consideration should be rewarded. i » * * When jou fall for buying government bonds it indicate* you stand for lomething really worth while. * . • » Every married man knows that a stitch In time la quit* a surprise. ; Nlourse's Warning Should I Bring Clear Thinking i Edwin G. Nourse, chairman of the President's Economic Advisory Council, ! has spoken his mind in a fashion that ^ ought to command the attention of all Americans. While his remarks are being inter: "preted as an attack upon the Truman J • administration, Nourse made plain he | did not intend them as such. He wished" ; to ''spare no one—-neither government nor business, labor or farmers. i He hopped on government for not . putting its financial house in order, for -•. • "slipping back into deficits as a way j of life" even while times are still good. i , He .'cautioned against '"monetary and j fiscal tricks" which he termed a "slip' pery road to misery." Nourse criticized industrial manage] ment for not trying harder to cut prices in the national interest. ' j Farm, labor and other groups came in for censure for squeezing the U. S. i economy in their own special interests: HB told them all that they were selfishly demanding too much. Then he added: "If we are to maintain the march of economic progress, we must, individually and a s groups, in private business ; and in politics, display industry, pru- i dence and self-discipline and must rec: ognize that we can't get more out of , the economic system than we put in." • Nourse was quickly assailed by Senator O'Mahoney, Wyoming Democrat, for. making what he called "merely a political argument against progressive policy." But this seems a somewhat odd criticism, for Nourse has just resigned his post on the ground that the council is enmeshed in political issues and Democratic party programs when it ought to be , a strictly professional advisory body. '• It strikes us that Nourse has done f good service in sounding his warning. There it a great peed to.clear the atmosphere in this highly emotional debate over the "welfare state." • In the first place, no fair-minded person can deny the right of the ordinary citizen to reasonable security safeguards in today's uncertain tiriies. But to acknowledge that right does not mean to lower the bars to an endless flood of demands for help of all kinds. It is a very delicate task to develop needed security measures and still maintain the economy in its full productive vigor. Yet if due thought is not given , lo the country's basic economic health, • security programs will become pointless. • We find it increasingly tiresome that those who do not understand the relation between productive wealth and se; curity should see fit lo attack as un- i progressive everyone who does appre- | cinte the connection. Not all critics of • unbridled spending and unashamed pressure raids on the treasury are preach; ers of dark reaction. j We «!•« approaching the time when •lection* will become contests to reward the party which provides or promises the greatest favors lo the greatest number of pressure groups. If that time ever actually arrives, the federal government will be the prisoner of a give-away psychology that it has done virtually noth- iiig to discourage. For the genuins welfare of America's citizens, that time had better not come. We ought rater to heed Nourse's advice. We ought to think more about putting something into the economy and less about taking something out. We Knew He'd Make It Well, President Truman did not disappoint us. His old friend Mon Wallgreen liad been standing idle in tlie wings so long we were beginning to wonder whether he'd been forgotten. But the President never neglects a pal. And this time, by a neat reverse, lie transformed adversity into victory of a sort. , The Senate had just rejected Leland Olds, Mr. Truman's choice for an- .other term on the Federal Power Commission. But while hostile senators were savoring their triumph, the President calmly surveyed the situation, saw in it a fiiie opportunity to take care of Good Old M^n, and promptly slipped him into the vacant notch. So it looks like Mon will get on stage at long last. But after all, he knows the manager. Views of Others Mr. Truman on the Bomb It was a ceremonial occasion, and Mi-. Truman might have made a ceremonial speech. The blue and white banners niade a pretty picture, ol the steel skeleton along the Bast river, and Mr. Truman might have made a pretty speech. Instead, he toot advantage of the UN's fourth anniversary and its headquarters cornerstone- laying, to plunge into the most concrete threat lo international peace: control ol atomic energy. He took proper cognizance of "the aspirations of mankind." But he did not remain lofty and vague. "The controversies which divide us," he said, "go very deep." And lie cited the atomic controversy *s perhaps the most serious. But—and this Is Important—he said once more that the United States is eager to accept International control which will liu-n atomic energy from a threat Into a boon. He urged all to bring such an agreement into being. This has been American policy ever since Mr. Truman went before Congress on Oct. 3, 1945, to say: "Civilization demands that we shall reach at the earliest possible date a satisfactory arrangement for the control of this discovery '• That also was the central Idea of the Agreed Declaration issued at the White House on Nov. 15, 1945, by the President and Prime Ministers Attiee and MacKenzie King. The theme was elaborated in the Acheson-Lilienthal report of March 28. 1946, and still further developed In the Baruch plan. And It Is the essence of the UN control plan adopted by the General Assembly on Nov. 4, 1948. • Under this plan, the United States is willing to vest ownership of all lources of nuclear fuel In'an international agency. It is willing to turn over the operation of all dangerous atomic activities. It is willing to grant this body the right to license all non-dangerous activities. And It Is willing to submit to inspection. History affords no example of a similar sacrifice of sovereignty. Yet Its acceptance Ms, so far, been locked by the Soviet Union. Tiie Russians have offered only stalling counter-proposals. They want the destruction of all existing bombs. After that, they say, it will be time enough to talk about controls. But controls must be sol up before any Bombs are destroyed. And there can be no veto. That logic ought to be clear lo the Kremlin. Then why the stalling? Do the Russians believe that they can win an atomic arms race against the most technologically advanced nations in the world? Or do they simly not trust the rest of the world? That such may be Ihe case Is suggested by Vlshinsky's statement on Sept. 18, 1947, that the ON would not vest atomic control In a body "on whose benevolent altitude Ihe Soviet Union cannot count.". If fear Is the motive for Soviet reluctance, there may be some hope. The Russians may reconsider the safeguards offered by Ihe American and the UN control plans. They may also begin to give weight to the more legitimate lear, ihe fear of what would befall the victims o! an atomic war. They may even read Isaiah: Their Isnd »h»ll be soaked with blood... from generation to generation It shall lie wnstc; none shall pass through it for ever, and ever. But the cormorant and the bittern shall possess it. Such thoughts may convince them of the earnestness of Mr. Truman's appeal at the UN cor- nerslone-laying. —ST. LOUIS POST-DISPATCH SO THEY SAY Tiie best sign now Ihnt Europe has iccovercd to an extent and Is continuing to recover and progress Is that European tiatlons arc now luss- ing about rales of exchange Instead ol worrying about whether they jvlll eat.—Secretary ol the Treasury John W. Snydcr. * * ^ + The Chiiiest Communists \iave gained control with the help of Russian Influence, but ill feeling already Is developing in rural areas as the real nature of communism becomes clear. —Premier Shigeru Yoshida of Japan. He Chose a Fine Time to Walk Out on Us!, Government Officials Still Have Tough Task Finding Out Just What Congress Authorized By Hondas Larscn WASHINGTON —(NBA)— Now that Congress has left town the bureaucrats can start the fascinating job of deciding just what Congress dirt In the, last few hectic weeks of the session. _ It'll be months before the agencies are able to unscramble the complicated appropriations bills and find out just how much they got for this and that function. It'll be two years before any one can say for sure just how much the 81st Congress ran the treasury into the red. They're still debating whether the 80th Congress balanced or unbalanced the budget. Figures given out about how ranch the 81st spent are pure guesswork. It's unbelievably tangled up in such terms as "future contract authorizations." '"appropriations for past commitments," "authorization without appropriation," and "fixed contractual obligations." Maybe one or two clerks of the subcommittees of the appropriations committees have a sncnking I suspicion about where the money' Is going. But they frequently get lost In the last-minute trading among congressmen. And after the bills leave their hands to become law they are through with the mess. The budget officers of 'the agencies take up from there. A budget officer can start adding up all the figures on the money his agency got and be overjoyed, until he comes tn the Inst line which says, "less $500,00" ,MO which Ihe administration must save out r of the above expenditures." That joker was put in the military ap- propriatjons bill this year, for example. That means that after the committee got through agreeing how much specific itmes should be, It suddenly discovered it had been too generous and decided it would force the heart of the agency to cut someplace. Copinj Wtlh Changes Heal sport of post-session clambakes is to find out what laws Congress passed. This also takes months, literally) At every stage of a law going through Congress changes can be, and usually are, made in the original draft. In the lastminute rush of business clauses are added, dropped or changed completely, whole sections of bills are completely changed by the deletion or Insertion of one word. Result is muddled or incoherent phraseology which frequently makes it Impossible to put an honest interpretation on a law. Tliis process also involves finding (he "jokers" in bills, slipped in at the last minute to prevent some special interest from being affect- fd by it. .Finding the' "buried" laws is about the srime thing. These are measures which were controversial but were slipper! In some non-controversial act in order^ to get them made law. Of course, wliat this confusion amounts to is giving the various bureaus and departments the lawmaking authority. A law is no better or worse than the way it Is Interpreted or administered. By IN HOLLYWOOD By Ersklne Johnson SEA Slaff Correspondent HOLLYWOOD (NBA) — M-G-M is cracking down again on all playboy publicity for'peter Lawford. Dignity will be the keynote. The studio has decided the boy can be another Ronald Column. . . . Producers or "A KLs for Corlis" are worried abrmt Shirley Temple's divorce suit playing boxoflicc havoc with the picture. Shirley plays a sweet young thing. . . , Joan Crawford has been unhappy with her recent film stories. So she'll quit picking them herself nnd let the studio do it for her. . . . Jackie Cooper Is headed for Arkansas for that long-awaited divorce. Arkansas isn't any quicker than Nevada, but at least Jnckid figures he won't go broke gambling. Lou Holtz, at his opcnln? performance at the Fairmont HolcMn San Francisco, discovered that his type of humor wasn't geared for sedate Nob Hill. His curtain speech was clasic. Said Holtz: "I wa.» born in San Francisco. 1 have many friends in San Francisco. For many years 1 lived in San Francisco. And now I'm dying in San Francisco." Lucille Hall wants Frcil iMac- Murr,%y tn co-st;ir ullli her in a script she jtisl ruirrhased lillcd, "Tile Slor.v uf My Life." The results of n Photoplay magazine poll of bobby-soxers, voting on their favorite male stars, are surprising. Veteran big-name stars lost out completely. The top 10 wtrc: John Derek, Johnny Sands. Gordon MacRae. Douglas Dick. Steve MacNally, Hosnnno Brnzzi. Michael Kirby. David Brian. Paul Douglas and Scott Brady. Gnodhy. Mary Mary Astor, who h;is been a patient at a local sanitarium, says she's retired from the screen for good. . . . Diego Rivera has been utiotticially supervising Paulette Ooddard's makeup for "Beloved," the film she's making In Mexico. Well, it's probably more lun than working on a mural. . . . Friends will tell you that Pat and Cornel Wilde were mskinp plans for another j3lnt acting venture rlfhl "l> lo the evening beloie their separation w.is announced. Maybe his role was bigger than her's. • • * A movie prcs agent, just returned from a swing around the country publiciiing a new filtn, writes me: "f was very much impressed with Ihe fact that the swankiest offices a nil show rooms on the film rows in a number of,cities are those of the popcorn and candy outfits. What's more, a popcorn salesman | commands more respect from the exhibitors than movie sales managers. One exhibitor told me: "Thusc boys mean the Hiffer- rncr lirfmcn profit and loss to "s ncsidcs, you don't harr to Norry ulioul the next batch of P»l>rnrn larini; an C£ir." Film Daily please copy. • * * The illegitimate daughter of one of the Hapsburg princes (she lives in San Francisco) is trying to sell her li!e story lo Hollywood. • The prince willed her S4.000.000 in Eur- I opran property in 1935. You IMcan Fond? The Motion PitUire Committee of the Disabled American Veterans Scntcc Foundation is raising funds via n filrn-star-spoiisorcd ccofc | book. "What Cooks In Hollywood.' Help a disabled vet by buying one- send SI to the DAV, BOX 1170, Chicago SO. Ill, not making their Intentions crystal clear in the wording of a law the congressmen in effect are passing their legislative authority on to the executive branch. Doiny Their Best 'Some legal branches of an agency, when faced with Interpreting a badly-worded law, will atempt to find the Intent of the congressmen in passing the law. This is a frustrating business and lends itself to double-talk. Agency attorneys will go back to the hearings held on a.question- able law, study the speeches made on it on the floor and In this way try to figure out Just what the congressman had In mind when they passed it. Trouble with this U that a lot of "intent" Isn't even put on the record. Compromises will be made on the telephone or in conversation. Some supporters of a measure can change their mnids as debate progresses and may end up having an altogether different "intent" than the one they may have previously read into the record. In that case the government lawyers pick the intent which suits them best and use it. It's all great sport and the redeeming feature of the whole business Is that Congress will be back in town soon. If. the;- don't like some of tlie Interpretations an agency has put on one law or another, they can always am»nd or change it. This Congress i* e5«ad. Long live Congress- tlcle. Whenever you hold two klnss and your partner has opened the auction with a two-bid in a suit, immediately jump to three no trump. •JS8542 *K7 AA953 107 W E S Dralcr 10862 McKENNEY ON BRIDGE lly William E. McKcnnej- Amrric.i's Card Authorily Written for NBA Service Ace-King Replies To Opening 2-Bid Tilts is the second of a series of articles I have taken from Fred L. Karptn's new book, "Point-Count System of Bidding In Contract Bridge." This scl of articles deals entirely with His nee and king show- ins responses to an opening bid of two in a suit. I outlined the seven different responses in Monday's ar- * 107 + 94 AK * AK + AQJ8652 Lesson Hand—Neither vul. South West North East 2 4> Pass 3 N. T. Pass 6N. T. Pass Pass p ass Opening—4J i Opener will then know exactly what you nave (not just a "trick plus" or "two tricks"), and he can easily determine where the hand shall play. On the «bove hand, when the three no trump response was made, opener knew that his only loser would be the ace of spades. He promptly contracted for a small slam in no trump. (Responder's bid of three no trump denied the ace of spades, had he held this card his first duty would have been to show the ace.) Had this hind been bid in orthodox fashion, responder undoubtedly would have bid his diamond suit, Op«i>er *A V AK » AQJS5 + AQ.J7Z Responder *K83 ¥986432 »K8< + K 2f 3N.T.(a) 4 + (b) 4N.T. (c) 7 N. T. (d) Pass (») Showing two kings. (b) Opener names his second suit (e) Showing the third king. (d) 13 tricVi can be counted. 1 nnd the small slam would probably not have been reached. The opener would have been nfraid that he would lose the first two tricks. When you hold three kings opposite partner's opening two-bid. Jump to three no trump, then hid (our ho trump Cf your rcbid. France Finally Has Cabinet But Basic Troubles Persist Th. DOCTOR SAYS The battle against high blood pressure or hypertension Is going on all the time. Of course/If would be Ideal if hypertension could be prevented. This, however. Is not immediately In sl e ht. Treatment of high blood -pressure and measures aimed at keeping slightly high blood pressure from getting worse are about all that can be expected In the near future. Among the measures of treatment which are now receiving concentrated study In many parts of the country Is treatment by diet Actually. It was shown about the beginning of this century that a diet which contained small" amounts o' salt was helpful In many cases of hlsh blood pressure.'Progress In this direction was slow for many years but recently many research workers have made additional studies on the effect of diet in botli animals and people. One Broun of workers has found thnf (he blood nressure of rats with experimentally produced hy- wtenston could be lowered when they were given diets which were low In one part of sail. (The chemical name for salt is sodium chloride and the portion which they took out was the sodium.) They Irleri this treatment also tn a small ?roun of patients and found that the blood pressure was lowered in several. Studios Seem Valid Such studies as these may explain 'he good results which have been renortcd lor some of the special diets for htsh blood pressure, sucli as the rice diet, rt seems likely that when irnod results have aclunl- Iv occurred from such sncr.ial diets It mav be because of the low amount of protein and low nm'ount nf sodi"m or salt which they contain. The victim of hlch blood nres- sure cannot expect too much from dint treatment alone. Nevertheless, work on this nrohlem Is poins forward constantly and probablv the future will bring forth dietary '.reatments for hynertcnslon even better than those which are known today. » * • Note: Dr. Jordan Is unable to answer Individual questions from readers. However, each day he will answer one of the most fremienlly asked questions in his column. * • • QUESTION: Is timidity a ncrv- vous condition or a mental ailment? Is there any medical remedy for tlmiditv? .ANSWER: So far as T know, timidity is a state of mind. Practically all people are more or less timid sometimes. There is no medical remedy-but many peonlo have largely conquered the serious aspects of timidity merely by using their will power. J5 Years Ago In Blvtheville — Fred Rutherford jr. had 20 boys and girls to aid him in celebrating Hallowe'en last evening at his new suburban home on Barfield road. David Butterworth. Sara Lou McCutchen and Maxine Reid won prizes in the games played. Miss Margaret Shaver, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. W. W. Shaver, has been named president of the junior class at Christian College, Columbia, Mo. Scott Harris has returned from a business trip to Memphis. Ant Eater Chars Drain SCOTTiSDALE, Tasmania —</O— The usual tools were useless to clear 3 length of 9-inch pipe clog-' ged with dirt by rains. But the job got done in 15 minutes when a spiny ant eater, usually miscalled the Echidna was persuaded to enter the pipe: It. is one of the world's two egg-laying mammals, the other being the Platypus. These two are the world's most primitive furre'a animals With Its steely claws the spiny ant-eather can burrow with remarkable speed — even straight down, In hard earth. » Franc* again has a cabinet alter her longest political crisis In half a century—three weeks—but the fundamentals which produced ihe crisis remain to hanass the new government and make its tenure of life a mailer of doubt. Another crisis Is almost Inevitable and this Is likely to precipitate a general election. This can be an epochal affair, for in the background stands the imposing six- foot-two figure of General Charles de Gaulle, who has been impatiently advocating such a showdown. Tills famous war-time leader of tlie FYee French believes the lime has arrived when his rightist party— "Rally of the French People"—can win control of parliament. ' Then what? There are many who charge that De Gaulle aims at dictatorship—a claim which he emphatically denies. However, lie docs pi^ Ject a new constitution which wouflf give the chief executive great powers. Naturally, he would be that chief executive. The new cabinet has been formed by the Internationally known Georges Bidault. Ke is the 50-year- old leader of the Popular Republican Movement, better known as the "MHP". Bidault was head of the wartime resistance in France.mid was provisional president premier from June to December, 1946. He also served a long time as. foreign minister. Bidault's cabinet, like that of his prcdecesors, is a coalition affair built from tlie center parties. There is in France a multiplicity of political parties, and therein lies the weakness of Bidault's cabinet. It will take only a moderate shifting ol his support to throw the advantage to the opposition .That ol course would be true of any similar government. Moreover, Bidault's program is virtually the same as that offered by Socialist Jules Mcch and Radical Socialist (Conservative) Rene Mayer, both of whom failed to'form a government prior to Bidault's at(empt. The new premier, like Moch and Mayer, is pledged to provide a cost-ol-living bonus lor the lowest paid workers. It was a dispute over the hot question of wages which caused the downfall of the previous government. v ^ Otherwise, Bidault will launder his ship under conditions almost identical with his immediate predecessor—Premier Queuille. He will have the same hazards, and those include all the economic difficulties with which Europe is struggling. One of these is tlie increase in food prices which brought the demand for higher wages. So, taking it all In all, while Bidault Is one of France's outstanding statesmen and political leaders, it will be no surprise i[ his government proves to be an ephemeral affair. In fact, it will be surprising ir it isn't. And General de Gaulle Is living for tlie day when Bidault's cabinet, will fall. He is credited by many close observers as having gained strength in recent months. As previously indicated, the loudest cry of his opponents is "dictatorship." Apropos of this, Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, in the current Instalment of her wartime memoirs in McCall's Magazine, gives the late president's appraisal of De Gaulle. She quotes P.D.R. thus: "Gen. dc Gaulle is a soldier- patriotic, yes, devoted to his country —but on the other hand he is a politician and a fanatic, and there are in him, I think, almost the makiu^Hi of a dictator." '™ Well. In any event, while the •French people have made it clear that they don't want any dictatorship, yet the consensus of impartial observers seems to be that the country will never get out of its political tail spin until some party develops an aljsolute majority in parliament. That will call for strong leadership, arid only a new general election can demonstrate whether any group has sufficient strength. The "Rally of tlie French People" believes it has that strength now. As to that, we are likely to see before long. Orchestra Leader HORIZONTAL 1 Depicled conductor. Eugene Philadelphia Orchestra 13 Make ready H Concur 15 Compass point 16 Grew pallid 18 Collection of sayings 19 Churches 21 Range 24 "Emerald Isle" 28 Erect 29 Implement 30 Female horse 31 District j attorney (ab.) 32 Part of "be" 33 Encourage 35 Refute 33 Narrow way 39 Operatic solo 40 Crafts 41 Good breeding 47 Mountain pass 50 Cubic meter 51 Winglike part 54F.at 66 Growled 58 Papal triple , crown 59 Bank workers VERTICAL I Italian goddess of the harvest 2 Railroads <ab.) 3 Cat's cry 4Apud (ab.) 6 Back of: the neck ( Apothecaries* welsht TUtlcr a sharp quick cry 8 Load 9 Exempli gratia (ab.) 10 Brazilian macaw .1 Low haunt 2 Ocean .7 Measure of cloth S Weight cleduclion 20 Harden, as cement '1 Spanish Reel :2 Finishing too 23 Organ of hearing 25 Type of molh 26 Rat 1 IS i5 <!o iu i<! ii bl H7 SH W c. . ta j W 54 "W H m W, S7 m 55 Answer to Previous Puzzle ( H A J. T E U • V iO r F 1 e e 2 M 3 * E 3 E '». - AN = N S M jj E L. 2 AT *l,E 2 ':-'; C 5 » ;* *0 S 3 NJH iRlAlS . A ' AG I HA IIAI H n\ IIU1 ^ E 3 A 3 R S -IF J H ^ FT GO? 1 5]S ilk 5]MI VI 1 r. r- A ~ A r F 1 L> if E M i) t-i F i J_ F & IA ei •j GIB _ F= ^ U 5 S = E j jfgfl f . C *• T iJg =H SIS 27 Puds np -16Genune 33 Exclarnalion 47 Folding bed 34 Prohibit 48 Kimono sash 36 Symbol for 49 Meadow nekel SlMaltdrnk 37 Sweet potato 52 Irish god of 42 Bewildered Ihe sea 43 Symbol for 53 Paid notice ni'on 55 Senior (ab.) 44 Bird's home 57 Righl line v 45 Sea eagle ( a b.) | J iO k> 7 *^T" . f ^ /^ U it W 5 it ) y %% ;? m. ii i* 40 '% s; 10 tt 6 m 51 — 51 It it, 51 se \i ft Si .