Tallahassee Democrat from Tallahassee, Florida on February 2, 1967 · Page 4
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Tallahassee Democrat from Tallahassee, Florida · Page 4

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Tallahassee, Florida
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Thursday, February 2, 1967
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Scott Kerr Forced A Showdown eallaljassM Senior rat Published daily at 100 E. Call St.. Tallahassee. Florida S230S JOHN KL TAPERS. Pubusheb MALCOLM B. JOHNSON, Editob 0ib!etobe rewritten with lustPul passages SHALL INHIBIT THE EAKTH- Thursday, February 2, 1967 The Answer Is 'No7 The unctuous diction of Senate Republican Leader Everett M. Dirksen often clouds the. meaning of his words. But a dash of vinegar cut through the oil when he told of a talk with a "young man from the Soviet embassy." Dirksen said his visitor, like spokesmen for the United States State Department, tried to lobby him in favor of the treaty to let the Kremlin open consulates in various U.S. cities in exchange for letting the U.S. set up consulates in the Soviet Union. Sen. Dirksen has said he could not support the treaty in its present form, but might do so if some changes were made. The main argument for the treaty is that U.S. consuls in Stuff From Our Staff Is that flowering cherry that's blooming at the corner of Tennessee and Franklin Blvd? ea. (Correct. And there are some other beauties in full bloom around town Mrs. Knapp's on Sixth, just west of Thomasville Road, and Mrs. Richards' on Old Plank Road, -ed) Brass A chap walked into restaurant in early morning, made his way straight to private phone, placed call, asked, "Do you have coffee made down there?" Then, "Fine I'll be right down and help you drink it." Walked out without even a thank you. ef We wondered where all the dry corn flakes we were leaving in our bird feeder were going until we caught our alrcadyat Siamese cat stuffing himself on the cereal while the birds sat is nearby trees and scolded. db OTHER EDITORS SAY: Don't Amputate The Film! The Charleston, W.Va., Gaiette British producers of films featuring the naked body have run into an interesting problem of censorship that has nothing to do with royal edicts or citizen's groups specifically established to regulate public morality. As these movies traveled from theater to theater, producers learned their creations were becoming shorter and Big Coal Market Threatened By JOHN CHAMBERLAIN Not so long ago the Atomic Energy Commission's Director of Reactor Development and Technology, Milton Shaw, urged a slowdown in the building of new atomic energy plants. Presumably he wanted to have time to build better reactors. Nevertheless, more and more electric power companies are turning to the atom. The number of nuclear generation stations in the U.S. will soon top the fifty mark, turning over to the atom the Job of producing some 28 million kilowatts. By "burning" fissionable materials the power industry will forego buying 80 million tons of coal annually. If this represents an inevitable trend, the coal states of Appalachia have a right to be concerned. They have surmounted one great crisis by combining mine automation with a revolution in coal transportation. In twenty years of lighting oil for the home-heating market, coal production dropped by some 25 per cent. But new wrinkles in mining, such as automated shovels, which take almost 200 tons at a bite in strip-mining operations, cut the cost of production at the mine, and the 100-unit "integral" train knocked 20 per cent out of the costs of taking the coal to market. COAL THREATENED The electric power companies, making use of the cheaper coal offered in 100-unit train bulk deliveries, kept building steam plants and more than doubled their coal consumption in the 20 years after World War II. But now, with the development of the nuclear energy plants hitting new peaks, coal is threatened with the loss of its last big market. The railroads have done wonders to cut the cost of coal transportation to $3 a ton for do-livery in the East Coast cities. But when the mine cost is added In, coal can't compete with the atom. So what will happen next? A couple of years ago I listened to my friend Monroe Worthington of Wheeling, W. Va., talk about reviving George Washington's old dream of a canal connecting the Ohio River with the James River In Virginia. What Mr. Worthington had to say sounded romantic, not to say improbable. The canal George Washington had proposed back in 1784 would have been a series of small ditches and tunnels linking up creeks and rivers, with mules drawing small barges. It wojld Russia could give more protection to the growing throngs of American tourists there. Some 18,000 went to Russia last year, spending dollars eagerly sought behind the Iron Curiam. Only about 900 travelers from Moscow came to the U.S. We mentioned the heavy imbalance of this tourist trade recently in saying the Soviets stand to gain much, and the U.S. little, in the pending deal to swap airline landing rights in New York and Moscow. Soviet consulates in U.S. cities, of course, would make more work for the Federal Bureau of Investigation's counterespionage men. Director J. Edgar Hoover now says the FBI could handle the extra work, although he has given no estimate of the cost to American taxpayers. Ironically, the consular treaty, the airline deal and other coo-ings are coming from Washington at a time when the Kremlin is sending MIGs, anti-aircraft rockets and other munitions to the North Vietnamese Communists, who are using the Russian hardware to kill Americans. Sen. Dirksen made this point when he told the "young man from the Soviet embassy": "You're always talking about cooperation, but what you want to do is hit someone on the head with a baseball bat and then say: 'Let's cooperate.' " He was equally blunt m answering his visitor's question: "You don't trust us, do you?" "I told him," Sen. Dirksen related, "that the answer in one word was, 'No.' " In two words, we agree. shorter and, what was worse, far less nude. Investigation revealed projectionists were slicing out the juicier portions to sell privately. Now, films are dispatched to theaters along with duplicate shots of the more sultry scenes, plus a written plea to accept the duplicates instead of amputating the film. There will always be an England, The Economy fij Chamberlain have been difficult enough to dig a small tunnel to join two creeks across the Allcghcnies in Washington's day, hut the coming of the railroad made it unnecessary. If the George Washington project were revived it would have to be on a larger scale: a waterway would have to be constructed capable of accommodating giant river barges. In level territory, giant barges can deliver coal for less than half of what the railroads must charge even with their 100-unit trains. A big barge line across the Al-Wghenies, knocking three dollars a ton out of the carrying costs, could bring coal from the Kanawha River in West Virginia to the port of Richmond on the James River in full competition with the atom. 8(HI BILLION TONS Romantic or not, Mr. Worthington thinks that when West Virginia realizes that its southern counties may "revert to wilderness" unless the canal is built, it will find ways of financing it. The new earthmoving machines great shovels and mechanical "moles" are capable of doing the digging, which Mr. Worthington says would cost somewhere between two and three billion dollars. With money as tight as it Is, it is difficult to visualize a market for the bonds necessary to finance a Midland Canal Administration. But the coal industry has never taken anything lying down. With 800 billion tons of unused bituminous coal still waiting to be mined in America, nobody connected with the industry Is going to give up without fight. Maybe the coal slurry pipeline can be revived if the railroads can't get coal to market to compete with the atom. But. having watched the wonders of coal's comeback in the Forties and Fifties. I would not be too greatly surprised to see Mr. Worthington's dream of that trans-Allegheny coaj barge canal come true. m LJiJ Government By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON The administration in power in Washington soon may have its own television network of about 330 stations across the country to carry on a so-called "educational" campaign, but it could convey to the people whatever political propaganda it wishes. This is the first time the federal government would be obtaining, in return for financial support, a voice in what information a section of the press gives to the people. The theory is that, because stations do not sell advertising time, they are "noncommercial" and are, therefore, entitled to governmental help. While it is true that the big television networks at present aim at mass audiences with news and entertainment of the widest possible interest, this does not mean that the American people are being deprived of any information by all the other media of expression which use the printed or spoken word. The plan to be considered by Congress at the present session calls for a federal outlay of many millions of dollars to build and equip siKalled "noncommercial" stations. The initial appropriations that are going to be re-. quested are estimated at 68 million dollars a year at first, rising to 91 million dollars a year in another decade. This would be authorized through the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, which, of course, could issue its own "guidelines.", EXCISE TAX TO FINANCE In addition, a manufacturer's excise tax, starting at two per cent and increasing to five per cent on TV sets bought by the public, also would be expected to help finance the operation. The whole plan involves an outlay of about 178 million dollars a year during the first four years and could reach 270 million dollars in a few years more. The Carnegie Commission on educational television has recommended the project, which would supply programs on cultural and educational subjects, as well as on news and public affairs. There is no reason, of course, why private foundations should not by themselves furnish all the support for this kind of venture. But when the ' government of the United States enters with a controlling power, such a project is bound to become political Some of the state governments have been furnishing television with classroom instruction on academic subjects. More and more, the schools themselves are getting lectures or speeches by longdistance telephone and then loudspeakers. But the schools control these programs. There also have been some grants to "educational" television by private businesses, which get credit on the air for their donations. Still, this isn't being called "commercial." The new governmental project would be operated by 12 directors six to be appointed by the President of . the United States and confirmed by the Senate, and the other six to be selected by the first group of federal appointees. Their terms of office would be for six years. The government would retain its control even though donations from foundations and other sources might be made available to the new television network. NEWSPAPERS NEXT? Never has it been provided by law . that the American government should Soliloquy OUR OLD IRS. OFFICE GANG USED TO SEE WHO COULD FIND THE BIGGEST LIE... ' ...THEY'D GAG IT UP ABOUT PENALTIES- A REGULAR BARREL OF LAUGHS... '..THESE NEW COMPUTERS TAKE ALL THE 0OY OUT OF A FRAUDULENT I ax Kfc lUKNl; Plans Own TV Network - oil U.S. Lawrence actually get into the business of distributing information or news to the people. If the federal government can have a television network of its own to Our Readers Say A Democrat Turns To GOP EDITOR, THE DEMOCRAT First of all, I would like to thank each and every good Democrat that voted for Gov. Claude Kirk. I am sorry to say that I did not vote for Governor Kirk. Since Governor Kirk's election I have talked to many good Democrats that voted for Governor Kirk and have reached the decision they have: . . .The State of Florida needs a better two-party system. After returning from World War II in 1946, three-and-a-half months before I was 21 years old, I joined the Democratic party. I have voted Democratic ever since, yet to find out how wrong I have been. The Democrats promise more employment and opportunity, yet when they get electedd they open up more departments and branches and fill them with their families, friends and out-of-state personnel. , They tell us all the time they are going to save money and have no more taxes, yet the worker is being taxed more every year. Some people will not be able to pay the taxes and make a living. Today there are thousands and thousands of people walking the streets and highways looking for work, yet not to find any. State and federal jobs should be given to people who do not have any income, not to retired people and their friends who have income. I would like to ask Gov. Claude Kirk at this time to have his names of more good Republicans put on the ballot so we good Democrats may vote in a more and better two party system. VERNON T. BELL A Sound-Off, And Back-Talk EDITOR, THE DEMOCRAT Isn't it a fact that your paper cannot accept an ad that says "no athiests accepted" under the civil rights "law" of 1964? We ask you, whose civil rights? The athiests? Certainly not the employes whose right to his freedom under God has been stolen from him! Isn't it a fact that I can get a passport without an oath of allegiance to my flag? If I won't swear loyalty to my country, what right have I to be a citizen under its flag? ' Another thing. That fellow Worth-man's conduct in Russia was a disgrace to our brothers, both fighting in Vietnam. Worthman should be denied his rank as he acted more like a punk. And to that visiting lecturer who wrote in your reader's column Jan. 16, we say: The U.N. is a nest for Communist spies in our country; it is athies-tic, and even now our own "representatives" are helping to destroy us with treaties they know the Reds won't live up to. Goldberg's senior adviser demands military bases for the U.N. which will permit the U. N. to do here what they did in Katanga; or doesn't Mr. Holroyd care to remember that? The U.N. used a Janus-face when It let big India grab little Goa and allowed the Russian Communists, to massacre the freedom-loving Hungarians in their own streets. And if, as he 6ays, the U. N. is so good at peace-keeping in his part of the world, why are our headlines full of "large scale clashes in the Mideast" with Israelis and Syrians fighting, etc. Has the visitor to Damascus been to Aden where Nassers' agents are terrorizing the land? You know, Mr. Editor, with so many phonics around wearing the mask of experts, and so many juvenile American "adults" falling under their spell, it is no wonder the terrorists have gained "homes" under our fine "old house," the constitutional republic. Now, we'll step over and raise the sound volume on Kate Smith's record God Bless America. JENNY TODD (The Civil Rights Law doesn't prohibit a newspaper from publishing any advertisement. We're not sure though, that a federal case wouldn't be made against the person who advertised In discrimination aglnst employment of an athlest. editor.) I.rttrrt lor publication here muit bear Ihe writer'! I rue ilgnatiira and aridrrti. Namei UI b. withheld from publication If unmual elrcvmttanres juttlfy It. Letter! mum be temperate In tone and rational and Bfii Aral In per.onail-tin. We mm the rljtht to edit them to comply with libel laws, conform to ruiet of md taite and meet demandi of limited tpar. 2-2 distribute its propaganda, there is no reason why it could not some day also have a network of newspapers throughout the country to take care of local political problems, too. Under the new scheme, there presumably would be no competition between the government - supported stations and the private networks, but there would, of course, be competition for the attention of audiences. Even if there were substantial numbers of people who would like the new programs, the question arises whether the government of the United States should set up its own medium to disseminate news and opinion on political subjects. I LETTERS to the EDITOR She's Thankful For 'Peanuts' EDITOR. THE DEMOCRAT Regarding the editorial from the Tulsa Tribune comparing Italian and American comic strips concluding that we demonstrate a basic disrespect for authority. I say, thank God that we live in a country where we can question constituted authority through the medium of comic strips or letters to the editor. Let us hope that this ability will never be taken from us. Viva la Peanuts! BEVERLY BINNS Scorns Policy On Rhodesia EDITOR, THE DEMOCRAT: You wonder if we don't have a bunch of sorry, immoral degenerates running (ruining) this country as you watch the 6tupid actions of our leaders in international affairs. To appease the Communist and African Bloc we join Britian in their sanctions against Anti-Communist Rhodesia which treatens no one, and has asked nothing from us but the hand of friendship. Yet, We sit in silence as Britian continues trade with North Viet Nam and Castro's Cuba. President Johnson speaks of "building bridges" with the increased aid to Communist countries, but I wonder what our fighting men think about his corn-pone philosophy as they gather grain from the enemy in the Iron Triangle marked "American Aid," or capture Soviet weapons, and ammunition delivered on Soviet ships in the santu-ary of North Vietnam harbors, with out fear of reprisal or sanctions. We need leaders who have the simple , knowledge to determine that "those who are not for us, are most assuredly against us," and act accordingly toward them. FRED GOOD Wouldn't Fret About Crime EDITOR, THE DEMOCRAT If I were in Governor Kirk's position, I do not believe that I would worry very much about what they call "crime" down in the Dade County area, such as gambling, commercial prostitution, selling old shoddy jewelry to the insurance companies, and other related activities. If you take these things away from the folks down there what are they going to do to make a living? They have about worn out the real estate racket. There never was any good reason for that flea infested sand to attract such world wide noteriety. It is not the natural things down there, which has brought inflation, but the things the people have carried down there, and admixtured them into the finest sucker bait the world has ever seen. Do not people go down there to spend and be spent? The nature of hundreds of thousands of people is such, that they have to live on border-line activities, and where could you fine better places for them than Miami, Las Vegas and Harlem? I do not want my Governor to spend his thoughts and time worrying about what we call crime in Miami, or bootlegging and its associated activities in Calhoun, Jackson and Walton counties. When the local people want to get rid of such putrifaction, they can do it. Outside conservation officers and State biologists have about eradicated the game and fish in Liberty County. The first thing that I want to see the Governor do, is to go and get that German beauty, and put her In tho Mansion, so when the pressure gets so great for the papsuckers and reporters, that he is about to blow up, he can slip out, go to the Mansion, get a good cup of coffee and relax. That stuff they brew and serve there in the capital is ss flat as was Herbert Hoover's hand shake. E. E. CALLAWAY yjjmi - v-r By JAMES J. KDLPATRICK WASHINGTON - The late Douglas Southall Freeman is best remembered as a famed historian and editor, but he was also for many years an active member of the board of visitors of the University of Richmond. It was in this capacity that he once drafted Freeman's Rules of Parliamentary Procedure for the Governing Boards of Institutions of Higher Learning. These were quite brief, and went something to this effect: "The annual meeting having been called to order, the chair shall imme- American Scene Kilpatrkk diately entertain a motion to fire the president of the university, which motion, being privileged and not subject to debate, shall be put at once to a vote. If the motion carry, the next motion shall be a motion to appoint a committee on succession. If the motion fail, the next motion shall be a motion to adjourn." The Freeman Rules were drafted with a twinkle, of course, but they contained a hard glint of truth. In any effective academic chain of command, a president must be responsible for the university he heads; but the regents must be responsible for the president they choose. Responsibility becomes meaningless unless authority goes with it, and authority has no meaning without the power to exert it. These truisms apply with special aptness to the recent dismissal of Clark Kerr as president of the University of California. He had been given full responsibility for running one of the world's great systems of higher learning. In the ten days since his ouster, the liberal press has fairly burbled with praise of his achievements the Nobel laureates attracted to Berkeley, the endowments added, the buildings erected, the research completed and doubtless a meritorious case can be made in these fields. ACHIEVEMENT VS FAILURE Yet b" regents clearly had the responsibility to examine Dr. Kerr's total record. And it may be that the regents perceived, far more clearly than Dr. Kerr's admirers have perceived, that the president's record of achievement could not overcome his record of failure. The charge against Dr. Kerr is not merely that he exhibited weak and ineffective discipline that he let a part of his kindergarten run the school. The charge is much deeper than his feeble tolerance of a Mario Savio, a Bettina Aptheker. It boils down to a failure on the part of Dr. Kerr to comprehend the very essence of a free university, which is that freedom depends upon order. This is not to say that freedom depends upon regimentation, which is a very different thing. It is not for nothing that we speak of academic "disciplines." But at Berkeley, the very word "discipline" had become a mockery. In the aftermath of Dr. Kerr's dismissal, the trumpeters of instant liberalism sounded a predictable dirge. They blamed it all on Gov. Ronald Reagan (though the motion to dismiss originated with an appointee of former Governor Brown). They charged it to a right-wing political conspiracy (though the majority against Dr. Kerr cut across lines of both party and philosophy). A covey of California congressmen rushed to the floor to denounce the regents' action as unwarranted, unbelievable, unthinking, ill-considered and disastrous. The New York Times could sea only the "twilight of a great university." This is nonsense. As the whole story emerges and takes on perspective, it becomes apparent that Dr. Kerr himself forced a showdown, and that his own glaring faults as an administrator cannot be obscured in an adulatory fog. And far from being a disaster, his dismissal may well prove to be the university's salvation. For in exercising their undoubted authority to fire the president, the regents provided a sudden and dramatic reminder of the order that is indispensable to freedom. Berkeley will survive as a great institution of learning. It is bigger than Clark Kerr, greater than its sometimes dictatorial faculty, more enduring than the forces of bombast and politics that have lately swirled about it. But it cannot regain its prestigious reputation without a new dedication, from top to bottom, to discipline, responsibility, and authority. The regents or at least a solid majority of them recognize this. A new president will have to recognize it, too. Today In History By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today Is Ground Hog Day, Thursday, Feb. 2, the 33rd day of 1967. Thera are 332 days left in the year. TODAY'S HIGHLIGHT IN HISTORY! On this date in 1848, Mexico accepted United States peace terms, recognizing the Rio Grande River as the Southwestern boundary of Texas and giving up what are now New Mexico and California. The United States also received in the pact much of what now arc the states of Nevada, Utah, Arizona, Colorado and Wyoming. ON THIS DATE In 1653, New Amsterdam what li now New York City was incorporated by the Dutch.

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