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t^v***&+<'«fiE ! v»3«i*.-i?' "B'LYtHEVJLL-B,' (ARK.) COURIER NEWS LYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THB COURIER NEWS CO. H. W. KAINES, Publisher Y A. KAINES, AwlsUnt Publisher A. A. rREDRICKSON, rxiilor PAOt D. HUMAN, Advertising Manager •eta National Advertising Representatives: WaUtet Witmer Co., New York, Chicago, Detroit, Atlente., Memphis. Bntered u second class matter »t the post- effkt at Blytheville, Arkansas, under act ot Con«RM, October », 1917. Member of The Associated Press SUBSCRIPTION RATES: By carrier In the city of Blythcville or any suburban town whert carrier service Is maintained, Kc per week. By mall, within a radius of M miles *5.00 per year, «2.50 for six months, S1.25 for three months; bjr mall outside SO mile zone, »12.50 per year payable In advance. Meditations An* they liood lip In pUcf, and reed In the hook ot the law of the Ixvrrl their Oori one-fourth part ot the day; anii another fourth part the)' confessed, and worshipped the Lord their Ood. —Xehemlah 9:3. » » 4 Confess yourself to Heaven; repent tvhst It past; avoid what is to come; and do not spread the compost on the weeds, to make them ranker. —Shakespeare. ' Barbs When you object to work you havs lots less chance of realizing your object In life. • •• » * There are said lo be 2,000,000 heavy drinker» In Ihe United States. Sounds pretty staggering to DS! » . • » We're wondering II enough clnssy-looking stock- Ings will be given as Christmas gift* to bring back short skirts. * • • Man's energy rs worth a penny an hour, says • Kientlst. Noi In some of the prhe flghls we've seen. * * * Some talks go to « lot of trouble making pleasure—others have a lot.of pleasure making trouble. Allies' Next Move Depends On Chinese Reds' Real Goal The final communique from Presi- . dent Truman and Prime Minister Attlee jriv.es no specific clue as to the course we shall follow in Korea'shovilri the Chinese Reds try to drive us into the sea. All the two leaders say is that "the force* of our two countries will continue to discharge their responsibilities" toward resisting aggression in accord with United 'Nations resolutions. The big question is: What are those responsibilities? Four courses.are open to us: 1. All-out war against China. Mr. Truman and Mr. Attlee do not favor this, declaring their belief thati nothing must deter the build-iip of military strength in Europe. 2. A "limited" -war against China, which is generally take nto mean a war of naval blockade and aerial bombardment. Some U. S. officials are reported as favoring such-action, but the British do not. It's recognized that this, too, involves risk of deep involvement in Asia, since no one can be sure how Russia and China would resiraml to limited war. 3. The effort to devise a stable defense line -'somewhere in Korea, and thus to create a military stalemate which would keep us on the peninsula, though short of our final objectives. This approach plaihl ymeans less risk of general war. Yet how do we know it would not suit the Communists' purposes admirably? It would not compel us to' commit all our strength, to be sure, but it would drain off much more men and material than we should like to see expended in Korea in the light of our burdens elsewhere. It-is a certain way of bleeding us steadily. Vet the very nature of our UN mission—now reaffirmed by the Truman- Attlee communique— would seem to demand that we try for at least this much. Anything less would not be resisting aggression. . 4. Complete abandonment of Korea to the Reds. Since we do not choose to go all-out against China, this course may b* forced upon us. China has the power to throw us out if she wishes. Some people, including a number of congressmen in this country, believe this outcome really would be best. They' »rfrue it would free us of a war which »«pi strength w« badly need for other more critical areas of the world. They »e« no dishonor in defeat inflicted by armies that outnumber us overwhelmingly. They believe, too, that we have already lost face among Asiatic nations and can do no worse in this respect. Of these four courses ,al!-out war already seems ruled out. With support for limited war so scanty, this too ap- pcnrs an unlikely prospect. The passage of time and the disclosure of Red China'*, real intent will tell u» whether It in to b« a *(alemaf« or thorough defeat for our forces in Korea. Hiss Faces His Last Chance Only the Supreme Court stands be' tween Algcr Hiss and prison. A federal appeals court upheld unanimously his conviction for perjury in connection with alleged espionage activities for Russia in the 1930's. The appellate judges found that there was sufficient independent evidence to support Ihe broad charges made against Hiss by Whiltaker Chambers. Chambers • was vigorously attacked by Miss as a witness who could not be believed, but the appeals court suggested that it was not unreasonable for the jury to believe his slory—us it apparently tlirl. The court fastened on one aspect of the case which seemed to get loo little attention during the two trials: the patently false performance of Hiss in identifying Chambers by his teeth and voice ' after previously saying—while looking al liis picture—Dial he didn't know him. From here un, it's steeply uphill for Alger Hiss. He has not marshalled evidence that fits a pattern of innocence, He has one more try. Views of Others Putting Blame In Wrong Place Defense Secretary George Marshall, speaking '• at Fort penning, On., said: "The basic error has always been with the. iieople themselves. .The fault has been with their refusal to sanction an enduring posture ot defense that would discourage aggression and, II war cuinc, would reduce the casualties, sacrifices, excessive costs and needless waste." Viewing American history in general, he Is right. But'If he l> referring to the last five years— specifically, to the terrible crisis now confronting us—he Is wrong. The American people can not be blamed for the crisis. They supported the Truman Doctrine and Marshall plan. They have given IK) billion dollars of their own money for defense and for foreign aid against Communism In the last five years. Not one penny hive they denied the military. Louis Johnso'n, with approval of the President, dirt the only economizing. It wns nol the American people who announced' that Korea would not be defended If attacked. It WM not the American people who prevented enlarging the Air Porce to seventy groups. It was not the American people who spurned use of Chinese Nationalist troops while their own sons were dying. It was not the American people who hired Communist sympathizers In the State and Commerce Departments mid tried to cover them up, once they were; r r:evealed. The American people did not sit at Yalta and Kolsdam.' These are history. Unity now is a must. But let history, for the record, cite a fine co-operation by the people after World War II In whatever direction their leaders took them. —DALLAS MORNING NEWS Why Confine Controls' ' To the Landlords? If. in our 'defense program, we B re to suffer the dislocations which will create housing shortages In strategic areas, rent control should b» continued, as a matter of expediency with Ihe Justification of economic necessity. It l s f» r better to retain control without Interruption than to drop' It and then try to reinstate it. But It seems to us the coalition of Republicans and Southern Democrats in the House is " 100 per cent right in insisting lhat general price and wage controls be put In effect immediately. Rent Is only one item In the cost of living, and in most cases Is considerably less than the lolal of other necessary expenditures. -Why such the larger factor be Ignored and curb kept only on landlords? That does not make sense nor is It just. —ATLANTA JOURNAL So They Say The Impact (of mobilization) Is going to be felt by every Individual, every business, every profession. And before It's over, most of our gains in living standnrds over the past 30 years may well be, wiped out.—Erie cocke, Jr., American Legion Commander . * . • * All day long a man has to compete. When he comes home at night he want* > stupid girl who feetpt her mouth shut and lets him look «l television.—Movie producer Cy Howard. * • » . The early chapters of Genesis dealing with Ihe origin of the world and of man could be set aside without In the least Injuring our reverence for Christ's te»ichln ? .-The Rt. Rev . Ernest W. Barnes, bishop of Birmingham, England, sug- gesilng substitution of "new knowledge" for parts of the Bible. t » * . I have an abiding faith that West Virginians and my family will never have onj occasion to be "fhanied of anything I did. or did not do, a* Secretary ot .Oefeiu*.—Louis Johnson. SATURDAY, DECEMBER 1«, II Eruption Peter Edson's Washington Column — U. S. Treasury Ready to Put Bee On Evaders of Income Taxes WASHINGTON (NEA) — With still higher tnxes inevitable, the U.S. Treasury has been doing some checking up on tax evaders. The purpose is to see if a few more dollars for defense couldn't be collected this hard way. Over 52,000.000 returns have (lecn filed in each of the last lew years. It's I m possible to dn more than cial them superfi Ritdlt on all. Com- belief has that' only big income mon been the r e t \i r n * were Peter Kdson checked c a r e- fully. but this is said to be not so. All return* which show certain tell-tale signs of deliberate fraud or 'incorrect reporting are given a close scrutiny. Experience over the years has taught 1 income tax examiners where to look for evasions and how to spot them. Recently, however, the Treasury realized that it needed a more scientific method for selecting a small number of returns for close nilttit. As described by Awrt. Secretary of Treasury .John S. Graham. this resulted In an "Audit Control Program." First step was a scentiflc sampling method which turned up 102.000 out of a whole year's returns. Those returns which were selected for audit were picked by number. without any knowledge of who the taxpayers were, or how much lax they had paid. One of the surprising results of iA sample was that Secretary Gibson's o^-n return wa.<* one of ihnsescentilically selected for an dit. as were those of some of his friends. ' Flnrl K Per Cent Had Errnri But the most surprising discovery of all was that one out of every four individual Income tax returns audited was in error by >2 or more in tax liability. In other words, 13,000.000 out of the 52.000,000 returns filed that year must have been In need of correction. And nine out of ten of these errors were against the government. In still other words, these'errors must have last the government about Sl.aoO.pOO.OOO. since the average understatement on the returns checked wa* »m. Th« other side of the picture Is that the 10 per cent, or the 1300,000 Individuals who overstated their income contributed S93.000.000 that the government wasn't entitled to. On the returns with errors, 5 per cent were simple mistakes in arithmetic, with 110 Iraud intended. Sin- teen per cent, however, made mis- lakes in claiming exemptions, 25 per cent claimed deductions they wera not legally entitled to. and more than 50 per cent made mistakes In reporting their income. Examples of mistakes made by people in reporting their income taxes—as given by Secretary Gibson—show that out and out criminal* who try to conceal Income from Illegal enterprises are relatively few in number, and are usually caught. The people who try to defraud the government of tax income are more numerous. But the big bulk are just ordinary people who apparently try to get away with something—Just once, or perhaps ottener. Temptation " and greed are a little too much to cope with. Knows Nnw What "Helpmert" Means _ There wu, lor instance, the case of the man who insisted that he had only one bank account. His wife, who was sitting in on the in- tefvlew with the examiner, spoke up and admonished her mat* that he had sever.-1, and named the towns. The, taxpayer tried to brush f :'e his wife's remarks. "Don't yon know you can go to jail for not telling the truth?." *h« asked. As _ result of her honesty, the correct tax was computed, and the cas closed without trouble. Simple honesty results In man} lead* to the Treasury on Income tax violations. There was the case of a Quaker who, outraged by his neighbor's bragging of how he had defrauded the govermnent through failure to report full war Industry profits, passed the information along to the Treasury. Many defrauders give themselves away. There Is the case of a Jeweler who falsified his books and buried'' *100,000 . in unreported income in his cellar. One day he dug it up and to his horror tain d that the money had molded, when he tried to exchange the bills for new- ones, the odor of fraud was strong that he was caught. Another case was that of a man who claimed big exemptions /or entertainment. A check-up showed that the man had thrown big parties, all right. His excuse was that if he hadn't spent the money that way, he would have had to pay it to the government In taxes. It hadn't occurred to him that he was a slacker, and that he was letting others carry his responsibilities ta a taxpayer. IN HOLLYWOOD By EKSKINF, JOHNSON NEA Staff Correspondent HOLLYWOOD —(NEA1— Tlicse foolish things remind me of Hollywood In 1!)SO— The Friars Club In Hollywood gave its first formal banquet with George Jesscl explaining: "We're dressing lip because it's about time the mrjiibers looked as good as the waiters." Betty Hlltton learned to ski at Sun Valley nnd made a discovery: "All these years I though a slalom was something you bought In a delicatessen store." Laurels for the best crack on the Ingrid Bergman-Roberto fiossellinl baby headlines went to an U A. newsman who was nsked what the child was named. He replied: "On Tnemmoc—which Is No Comment spelled backwards." Orll B. DcMille playrrl himself in "Sunset Boulevard" and save » Rrrat performance. Onr fan's p r e. view caret read: "I liked the artor who played DeMille the hrst." A Hollywood drugr store put up a sign reading: "Attention Actors Anti-Hysterical Pills now only SI a box"—nnd did a landoffice business. Cary Grant on autograph fatis: "I'm getting too old for Vm. It's one of the nice things about eclting old. They're , chasing Monty clltt now." Money-conscious Paulrlle Oortdard: "All my money Is ttrrl up \ n cash." Jaclc Paar's big television Idea flopped. It was Jack's Ihenrv that puppets have made so much money In television they could alford to hire live people to entertain them A New York agency thought It was a great, idea and auditioned a show in which Jack told Jokes lo nn audience ol puppet,';. "It was anful," .i,,), hlfr „_ plalnrri. "The puppets Just ,.,( there. A Hollywood knit papv that production of popcorn was down lo half the 1949 figure. A motion picture shortage is one thing— but a popcorn shortage! Ye Gads! WIMcie Ma honey told about a holdup man sticking a gun in the ribs of a screwball friend. "Reach for the sky." ordered the hold up man. The screwball replied: "What? And get my hands full of that dirty old Los Angeles smog?" Joan Bennett and Marlene Dittrich were voted Hollywood's mc«t glamorous grandmothers. Glamour- grams? A Hollywood war surplus store fame np with: "Take Home • Flame Thrower and Watch the Little Lady's Kj-es I.l f hl Jllp." Near the end of a personal appearance lour with young actor .ferry Paris, Shelly Winters told him: "Either this trip Is getting longer See HOLLY-WOO!) nn Tafe < • JACOBY ON BRIDGE By OSWALT) .IACOBT Written for NEA Sen-fee Don't Draw Trumps In Too Big a Hurry According lo the olrl legend 20,000 men are walking the streets of New York, homeless and hungry— because they forgot to rirnw trumps. While you're shedding a tear for those poor lost souls, get out another handkerchief for Ihe unfortunates who drew trumps too quickly. If you have lhat handkerchief ready, you can take a look at today's hand. West led Ihe jack of diamonds and South won in his own hand. Sil'.re South was a firm be)l«rer la drtwit* tramp, first and think- ing afterward, he promptly led the king of spades from his hand. East took th- ace of spades and returned R diamond, forcing out dummy's king. Now there was nothing South could do to prevent _ WEST ' NOilTH . 4961 V K7 » K51 *KQ1064 EAST VA86J «J10»g lg V9D42 I * 3 * * * +AJIJ SOUTH (») 4KQJ10* VQJlt * A74 + 71 Both vol. Weet Netlk Rut Past 1 * p,s, Pasm 2 * p asl P*x Pan Pan Open*n« fce4— * J the k*« of one trick in each suit. He was bound to be set one trick. If South hadn't been in such a hiirry to lead trumps, he would have seen his danger, it wouldn't have been hard to take measures against It. There was no way to avoid the loss of three aces, bill there was a way to avoid the loss of a diamond trick. The prnuer line of ntay was to win the rf-.st trick with dummy's king of diamonds. Then the king of hearlJ! should have been led from dummy. The defenders could nol prevent, declarer from discarding one of dummy's diamonds on a heart. Then, nnd only then, would It be proper to lead trumps. With no loser In diamonds, the game con- Irtct would tt-sily be madt. Concessions Dog German Army Idea By neWITT MaeKENZIK ** Foreign Affairs Analyst The efforts of trie democracies to bring Western Germany Into their European defenses—and quickly—1s going to Involve concessions to the pride of a conquered Reich. The Allies are up against the certainty lhat Western Germany is essential to defense, both because of Its key position In central Europe and for Its' manpower — much of which has had first-hand experience in war. • Yet It's less than si* years ago that they swore a mighty oath the defeated nation never, again should he permitted to >drt a third world war to the two which she already had started. That decision Involved Th. DOCTOR SAYS By EDWIN' P. JORDAN, M.B. Written for NBA Servi« Just because something appears In print does not mean that It f» true. Today's first question, If correctly quoted, Is an example of this kind. Q—I have a book by a Mr. Holden called "Why Humanity Suffers" in which he states that milk, especially pasteurized milk, b t probable cause of much dysentery. He s«ys many germs are not destroyed by the temperatures used in pasteuri- sation, and that we are »t the mercy of »n Industry that Is national health faster destroying than the medical profession can build It up. Would you not be ostracized if you publicly advocated less drinking of pasteurized milk? Mrs. .).B.C. *— I am not familiar with Ihli book, but the quniallnn from It s«m« to be confuted >nd inaccurate. If dysentery li «us*d by milk, II N the result nf germs »l re «rty In «ie milk, and nol of (he pasteurisa- tion. It ha« been sbown bj rieornus tests (hat proper pasteurization de(he germs causing human . Th* milk companies hare had t» purchase expensive equipment In order lo pasteurise and although I know mile about the business, I am would be simpler and Ihm, If lhe T <fH Bot p.steuriw. Pasteurization I, helping not harming, (he health of the pub- troys dfaean sure that It cheaper fnr Q— What Is the cause of a lack of calcium In the system of an elderly woman? Can it be cured, and would It cause backaches? • ld Reader A— By the. liick of calcium in the system I .suppo.se you mean (hat the brine* have less raldum Tills decrease In bone them. - calcium Is norms! In the later ye;irj of life and mile or nothing ran or needs to he done for it. If is probable, that It has no relation lo the backaches. Q— What causes a person to sniffle when he does not hnve a cold? Mrs. E.A.F' A— The most likely possibility a sensitiveness to something In the air. such as house dust or pollen Some people develop this symptom merely when they grj from a warm room out Into Ihe cold. Doctors rail this allergic rhinitis. , • « • Q Recently. I swallowed a fishbone. Am I In danger of having a perforated stomach or having a cvst formed because of it? T.'H A— If the hone went all the. way down Into the stomach, it »ns dissolved there by the acid. It would not cause a perforation or a cyst About the only danger from swallowing a hone Is when It sticks in the passageway from the mouth to the jlomarh. or gels Inhaled into the passages leading lo the lungs. Q— Could sleeping on one's back without a pillow cause breathing with the mouth open, ami bleeding , from the palate when arising In the morning? • T ^ A— Sleeping on the hack— rather (ban on the side or stomach — often leids to mouth breathing. I dn nol see, howerer, wbj it should hare anything to do with bleeding from long-term Allied military aeeupt. tlon and absolute dlsirmimerrt of the Belch. However, that wu when th* Big Four (Russia, Britain, France and America) stood together a< rietori. n un* 75 Years Ago Today Judge and Mrs. B. B. HolifieJd, of Rector, Ark., will arrive during the week-end to spend the noil- days with their daughters. Mrs. Zal B.'Harrison and Mrs. A. B Holland, and their familiM. Some thief will enjoy a pall of fresh milk and a goose at the expense of Paul Klrkindall, local merchant. La s t night a burglar visited tht Kirkindall place on Armorel road, -cut an outdoor light wire connecting a b«rn light, milked the family cow »nd departed with pall of milk and a goo'se. Prom the file, of 39 years »g»: Muses: Mary Catherine Martin and i , - Virginia Keck have been selected the palate. The Istler symptom as members of the Choral Club of could be serious and should be In- Lindenwood college, St. Charles, Mo. Canine Breed HORIZONTAL 1 Depicted doe, the terrier 3 Frenchman** Paris KO Utopian IJ Horseracing term 1} Muddles IS Patriarch IS Pilfer 17 French island 18 The god» 19 Snakes K Reared 24 Babylonian deity 15 Uncommon It Mohammedan priest 2* Near « Entice 34 Costum* J3 Symbol for • indium M Chemical tuffix MPrtetly dotti 39 Elevate •I Arrow poison 14 Raved « Fortification W Poker stake. 47 Iti rtralght, — -— often traLU oo the (round VERTICAL 1 Enclosure 2 Shield betrinf 3 Erect 4 Lock oeentr 5 He « Roman dat« 7 Pause 8 Facility 0 Grows pallid H Conductor 12 Brazilian . state MSlip 20 Fruit 21 Identical 22 Boast 23 Polynesian chestnut 26Perlaining to sncient Troy 17 Grumbling 31 Flowers 32 Lost blood 36 Angers < 37 Mohammedan magistral* 38 Pertaining to •n age 39Gem« of frog* 40 Against 41 Passage in th« brain 43 Fluid for writing 44 College ch««r Since then there has been believable change. Western now fears Invasion by Communist forces from tht and Is rushing to get set for thai' grim possibility. Urgency Brlrujs This urgency has forced the "Big Three" (Britain, France and America), with the other members of the North Atlantic Pact, to concede the truth of the old adage that only fools and dead men never change their minds. They now feel It It Imperative. |e make Western Germany an, Integral part of their unified defenslre sys- lem. Clearly thst must b* a matter, of persuasion and not compulsion. Germany will come In of her own free will—if at all. Tht task tt te persuade her to this, and «i tht same tlmt keep her under able wrapt. "Ne <!« Chancellor K o n r a d Adenauer, head of the West German government at Bonn, and other high Oerman figures, already had declared emphatically that German troops couldn't be used except on the basil of full equality. That's t> eerong statement from a defeated BeUon, yet It's an understandable potttioB for her to Ukt. It It one mtf. saying that German kroopt ' be used as mercenaries. One thing which Prsnoe ta •ar- ticular, and tht other Allies le general want, to arold tht creation o< A separate German army wtth lit own general command. That, they feel, would be creating ttie wry threat which the military oeeupe.- tlon of Germany wae designed le prevent. The latest plan under consideration by the Allies provides tor tht recruiting of 150.000 German soldiers,-which would b« about one- fifth of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization armies in Europe. The Germans wouldn't be formed Intfl an army of their own. but would be scattered through the NATO armies In brigade units. Project lor Consideration This project win be oonsfdered next week by the foreign ministers and defen.se ministers of the 13- nation alliance In Brussels. 7f approved it will come before chancellor Adenauer. . , , France has still another proposal which Is expected to be discussed a little later. This Is (he creation of a unified European army under R single defense minister.. This would give Germany a full partnership without allowing her to create an Individual fighting machine." This trend of Allied thought would seem to be qulte.2pglcal..A.ngrt from other considerations'! the,p!Jei- ent-day Reich no longer the powerful nation which surrendered io the conquering Allies. It is divided ' between Russia a'nd the Mire* w ern Allies—and there Is no ind [ion thnt It will be reunited in trie foreseeable future. There would seem lo be no solid reason why (he Western Allies shouldn't make concessions to the Bonn government, and there are powerful reasons »hy they should.