THURSDAY, OCTOBER 27, 194? BLYTHEVTLLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS Chemist Studies Earth's Origin Particles of Dust And Intense Heat, Basis of New Theory French Army's First Big Maneuvers Since War Show Need for Standardization by Pact Allies d Prew Science Editor ROCHESTER, N,Y., Oct. 37. M>}— A theory that the earth was created from dust Instead of fire was im- foldK) before the National Academy of Sciences by one of the world's foremost chemists yesterday. The author of the new theory is Dr. Harold Urey of the University of Chicago— eminent atomic scientist, Nobel prize winner and- discoverer of heavy water. Urey did icmethlng unique. He looked with a chemist's eyes at the earth beneath our feet to 'find there the signs and clues to Its origin. The first thing he found was the temperature which had to exist in the. top crust of enrlh about a billion years ago to form the present chemical compounds of the ground. That temperature was nearly 2.000 degrees Fahrenheit. But that temperature ivas not the creator, he reasoned. A billion years Btill earlier the earth was cool, Just « huge aggregation of dust gathering Into * ball as the sun passed through one or more vast dust clouds in space. 2.M4 Degree Heat Suggested This primeval dust contained every kind of chemical, including a lo^t.of radioactive dusts. The temperature of the dust ball began rising, due to the heat from this radioactivity, and the neat pressure of gravitation as the dust got denser. Thus it rose to nearly 2.000 degrees. Iron and everything else was uniformly scattered through" this dust ball. That would be Impossible according to former theories, which required a liquid ball of fire In order for Iron to concentrate In the core of the earth, where it now Is. But Chemist Urey sees an easy way for the iron to sink to earth's center while the earth was still a large, hard ball of dust. He names the chemical condition necessary by which melting Iron slips In HUIc rivulets along sfllmate paths. Drey's idea of iron sinking to the center of a solid earth explains a lot of mysteries. It explains the Pacific Ocean, the continents, their drifting apart, the lost continents, the tropical climate, of Antairlica, the great glacial periods, and the fluctuating length of the day. EipUini Varrinf Length of Dajj. It explains how water formed from the incoming dust and how originally raters probably lay lit- Mother and Two Children Oiled in Home Explosion MEMPHIS, Oct. 27. Ml—A young lolher »ud her (ive-wcele-old «on led yesterday from a kllchen stove xploslon. which already.hid kilted ier .two-year-old son. Mrs. R. W. Smith of Earte, Ark., nd the In/nut. George Enos, died n a Memphis hospital where they were brought after (he accident In he Smith home Tuesday. Robert Vail Smith was killed outright. Three olher Smith children and he falher were not In the house when the explosion ripped through the farm home and destroyed it. The blast occurred when Mrs. Smith poured tractor fuel on live coals In stove, Smith said. PAGE TWO Picture and Text By DAVID S. HOVER NKA Staff Corrrsiiomlenl WITTLICH, French zone, Germany _ (NBA) T - "Pardon moil General . . . but you're dead, sir!" With a snappy salute, a French KKTlfKN' K.VOAGKMKNT: An Amcrlcan-mailc truck leads unlls of Hie Moselle Hirer on a pontoon bridge diirlnj French Army I "sous-lieutenant" beamed out these words near the Moselle river in Germany, flashed his identification card to prove he was an "enemy," and picked up the phony hand grenade he had just tossed at the commanding general's feet. By the rules of the French war games, the general was really dead, "hors de combat." A fifth column detachment, rearing "enemy" uniforms, had penetrated 100 miles through the general's entire army, surprised him in his headquarters. American, French and British referees decided the general had had it. But Lt. Gen. Augustin CHill- aume, commanding French occupation troops in Germany and directing the first large-scale French maneuvers since the war, decided differently. The war games couldn't go on with one of the two armies minus Its general. He would have to be revitalized. The incident. General Guillaumc declared, should be a lesson for French officers and men everywhere. In modern war, the dangers in the rear—from spies, -partisans, paratroops and enemy soldiers in friendly uniforms—is aoinetlmes as great as the dangers at the front erally boiling upon the whole face, of the earth. As the iron sank. It displaced the lighter material at earth's center. This material rose on one side of the earth—where Europe now stands—as the first land. On the opposite" side a compensation depression formed, which Is the huge basin of the Pacific Ocean. -I The fact that the length of the day changes by a few thousandths of a second occasionally, Urey says, is explained by the changes In inertia due to shifting mass or weight deep in the earth pushed about by the heat rising from the iron core. This same chemistry accounts for Mar's scarcity of water and oxygen, and for the planet Venus having not a drop of water with an atmosphere, of carbon dioxide. Mars and Venus both were dust- bags similar to earth, Urey theorizes. But Mars had a cooler temperature than earth and Venus a warmer, which made the dltferences hi their atmospheres. from guns and planes. The French games, which the invading "Mlue" army across maneuvers In Germany. include fighting elements of (he Ilritish, U.S. Luxembourg and Belgian armies, were a prelude to large scale British-American maneuvers in the British Zone Getmany. High ranking officers from 10 Atlantic Pact countries wh'o observed the French games were ii accord that the maneuvers dein onstrated a "high degree of effectiveness" In liaison and coo|i:r- atlon. One incident notably marred the record. A company of paratroops, drop ped by the French "Blue" armj across the Moselle In "Red" arm; territory.managed to "destroy" series of Red army convoys before counteraction was taken. A detach ment of French infantry and i group of British paratroops were sent t<j surround them. Unhappily, the British paratroop wore the same red berets as th French paratroops. The Britisher were wiped out by their French allies, while the invading para troops looked on gleefully from a nearby Mod. The question of standardization of Allied uniforms, not so mucl discussed as standardization of eq uipment, was thrown into relief Enemy Troops, able to confuse Al lied forces by using as disguis A 300-mile-an-hour wind Is generated In the University of Maryand's Glenn L. Martin School of Aeronautical Research tunnel. any number 1 of uniforms, mlgh thus exploit a "secret" weapon. Tlie contrast between well-shod well-uniformed American troops with their new jeeps, tanks am trucks, and French outfits In castoff American and British uniforms and with "surplus" American ve hicles and captured German g*nf was striking "• [dence of the Frenc] need of supplies and arms. The French army, built arounc a nucleus of officers who saw ac live duty In the last war, Is a con script army of boys \vho were i their early teens during the Ger man occupation of Prance. Thel training Is rigorous, but the arm lacks the equipment to make 1 thorough. Competent drivers, for example are al premium. Our jcen drlv er, a boy of 19 who will be dis charged soon, after a year's serv ice, handled a jeep In dangerou. lank and half-track traffic abou' as skillfully as an Illinois farm girl piloting a new Buick througt downtown Chicago. One French tank failed to ne gotlate a curve, plunged off a bridge killing two members. French officers gritted their teeth and hoped their drivers could carry on. The generation of French boys under'the flag today grew up under the German occupation, when there were no cars to be driven Recruits of the next few years may be better. 'onvicted Hamburg Killei liven Death Sentence HAMBURG, Ark., Oct. 2T. (If)-, Hugh White has been sentenced to life imprisonment, at recommended h ury whlch evicted him Portland City Marshal Mead VV. While was bludgeoned to death at his home last Auj. Zl. The «.year- old son was on parole from the Texas penitentiary at the time. H« had been serving a sentence for slaying an oil field worker. His father had helped obtain his release. WHY TAKE A CHANCE WITH YOUR FOOT COMFORT? There's no guess-work in the proper' fitting of Conformals to your individual foot requirements. you obtain proper support and body balance with Conform als. 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