The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on May 16, 1950 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Tuesday, May 16, 1950
Page 1
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS YOG. XLVI—NO. 46 Blytheville Courier Mississippi Valley Leader BlylhevlUa Daily New* Blytheville Herald TUB DOMINANT NEWSPAPER Of MORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND ioUTHKAiST MISSOURI BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUBS DAY, MAY 16, 1950 SIXTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CBNT8 Truman Plans Fight To Clear Congress Of 'Obstructionists' By KKNEST B. VACCAKO ABOARD TRUMAN TRAIN, May 16. (AP)—President Truman put opponents of his "Fair Deal" program on notice today he will fight to drive "obstructionists" out of Congress. Ite rode Impplly back to Washington in the v/ade of Democratic cheers to put new heat on lie termed "backward looking" senators and representatives to fall in line with the administration. Speaking to a roaring crowd of 22,000 party faithful overflowing the Chicago .stadium, the President last night gave his party this keynote for action: "The Democratic Party will carry on its fight for its program during the remaining months of the 81st Congress and, after that is over. we will carry on the light in the 82nrt Congress. "I hope that by next January, some of the worst obstructionists will be removed, j._. "Not Afraid lo Dream" I "We will carry on the fiiUit, this year, and the following years—because we are a party that is not afraid to dream and plan and work for a better future." The Chicago Stadium, the setting for his own nomination for the vice presidency in 1S14, resounded with whistling, handclap- ping, yells and cheers, as the gray- haired chief executive enunciated the party doctrine. The President's speech climaxed *^friree-day Jefferson Jubilee cele- w^von which brought cabinet members and 3.000 Democratic Party leaders from throughout the country lo Chicago. He didn't distinguish between He- publicans and Democrats when he declared that Congress still has "many backward looking Senators »nd Representatives, who have tried to defeat every progressive measure they could, ami to obstruct and delay those they could not defeat." Nor did he specify Republicans only in his expression of hope ffor the removal of the worst "obstructionists." However, associates aboard his 'Washington-bound train said he RAIL FIREMEN END STRIKE Committee Votes 10 Per Cent Withholding Tax on Dividends vill support Democratic candidates Senate and House all over the country as soon as the primaries are iver. .lust "Mill! Tusle" They said his G,000-mile "non- Jolitical" trip to the northwest last week was just a mild taste of the ypc ot campaign he will wage before the November election. The 13-car presidential special, with his bullet-proof private car pulled out of Chicago at 11:30 o'clock (EST) last night. The scheduled arrival time at Washington was 2:30 p.m. (EST) today. The President was interrupted frequently by applause, once, when departing from his prepared text, he declared: "I wish the opposition would come up with something and be a real opposition. A great political party can not survive and be against everything." He went on to say the Whig and Federalist Parties'vanished because they lacked programs. He added hi; sincerely hoped "the Republican Party will profit" by their examples. Fie declared "we heed a strong two- party system." Lewis Denies 'Signals' But Balks at Testifying Chairman Jacobs (D-Ind.) had + — »sied Lewis to appear before the subcommittee tonight. . He made public a letter from Lewis, president of the United Mine Workers, turning down his invitation. Jacobs called the hearings to investigate charges by Lloyd Sidener, president of a United Mine Workers union local at Canton, III., that Lewis sent secret orders to Ihe miners to continue their strike although publicly calling on them to go back U> work In compliance with a fed- em! court's "stop strike" order. "Mr. Sidener," Lewis wrote Jacobs, "Ls in error in his press quoted abortions that he received directly or indirectly any "'whistle stop' Instructions from this office. Denies Instructions "No such instructions were uttered or authorized at any time by this office to Mr. Sidcner or any other of the hundreds of thousands of officers and members of the TT niled Mine Workers of America. "The term 'whistle stop' has no significance in the coal mining industry." Sidener led a group of Canton. 111., coal miners who tried to return to their jobs during the strike. After ,JKe strike was over. Sidcner was ™led S50.000 by his United Mine Workers union local and given the privilege of paying that sum at a rate of S25 a day. This is more than his daily pay. The House, group Is to hear Sid- encr's story at tonight's session Lewis indicated in his letter that Sidener might be able to win reinstatement in the United Mine W.-rkcrs. Sidcner lost his job in the coal mines because he did not pa> the fine and thus was deemed to be in arrears with the union. Lewis, in using the term "whistlr stop." was referring to [he type ot secret orders SMener said the miners got. fiidener said that after Lewis publicly ordered the miner- . today . .. ii"?ii( 1 ?i !1 '{?- " " ' '•& >ack to work the word was passed that "Lewis said the whistle blew one." Sidener said that meant no work. Negro Youth Hurt When Hit by Cor On Highway 61 A nine-year-old Negro boy. Wilkie Wilson, was taken to Methodist Hospital in Memphis yesterday afternoon after he suffered a brokci leg when hit by a car near Driver Deputy Sheriff Dave Young said today. According to Deputy Young, the child ran from amidst a group of Negro children awaiting a school bus into the path of a car driven by Powell Hale, farm foreman for Lowrance Brothers of Driver. The accident happened about 4 p.m. one mile north of Driver between Wilson and Osccola on Highway 61. Deputy Young said. No charges have been made pending a report on the child's condition. Tax «n^ WASHINGTON, May 16. (AP)—The House Ways and Means Committee today approved n 10 per cent withholding lax on corporation dividends. This withholding B. A. Lynch Lynch Homed Governor of Rotary District B. A. Lynch. Blytheville banker, yesterday was elected president of Arkansas' 200th notary District at he annual state meeting of the roup in Hot Springs. Mr. Lynch succeeds Milton Nobles f Hot Springs as governor of the district, part of which was taken form the new 201st district. Jong active in the Arkansas Bankers Association. Mr. Lynch scr- r ed three years on the executive council or the American Bunkers Association. He is a past president of the Blytheville Rotary Club. Terrell Cornelius of Hope was elected governor of the new 201st district. The 31 clubs Ln the new southern district will include Hot Springs, -;t Dnrado, Arkadelphia. pine Bluff. Hope, Magnolia, Camden. Comvay and Hussellville. The 34 clubs remaining in the 200th district, to be known as the eastern district, will include Blytheville. Little Rock. Fon-est City. Jonesboro and Helena. 150,000 Nationalists Fiee Chusan Islands TAIPEI I, May 16. (fP)— Nationalist China tonight announced abandonment of the C hash an Islands. The official announcement, coming on the heels of vows by the Nationalists to defend the islands to the death said 150,000 troops C. of C. Merchant Division to Meet The board of the Merchants Division of the Diythevillc Chamber of Commerce will hold a special meeting at 2:31) p.m.- tomorrow to plan summer business and Christ- urns promotion activities, Worth Koldcr. secretary announced today. Jimmie Edwards, chairman, ca)l-_ ed the meeting. * A meeting of the chamber's Industrial Committee was called for 2:30 p.m. today by chairman J. Gtmn. Aid to Europe Bill Is Ready final Vote -^WASHINGTON. May 16. W—A 53.121,450.000 program of American economic aid to Europe and other non-Communist areas is ready for final votes In both chambers of Congress. Chairman Kee (D-WVal of the House Foreign Affairs Committee predicted House passage without difficulty. He said he would bring the measure up for a vote tomorrow. The big global aid program was sprung from a week-long deadlock yesterday by agreement between Senate and House conferees. It was a partial victory both lor the administration and for an economy bloc which hart fought to trim it. As filially agreed on by the conferees—named by the two chambers to iron :nit differences between the Senate and House versions—(he bill provides up to 52,850.000.000 for the third year of the four-year Marshall Plan for Europe's economic recovery. It also calls for $100.000,000 for Korea: 594,000.000 for non-Communist forces in the China area; $27.450,000 for Palestine refugees; S15.000.000 for the international children's emergency fund, and S35.000.0no for President Truman's Point Four program. rhc Point Four plan for extending economic aid to underdeveloped areas of the world was one of the hottest Issues of debate within the conference. The House had voted 825,000.000: Ihe Senate $45.000.000. the amount asked by the President. Conferees split the difference. The Marshall Plan figure the conferees approved was a quarter of a billion less than the adminis- tralion had requester! and almost a billion below the S3.718000.000 voted tor this program last year. were evacuated. + Only yesterday, a Nationalist general from there, who insisted that he no! be named, said the battle for the Chushans had not starred. The Chushans were extremely important io the Nationalists. Prom that base 100 miles southeast of Shanghai, an effective air" and naval blockade ol the big Communist fort had been effected. Earlier today, Chiang Kai-shek pledged to die defending Formosa— llie only island left to the Nationalists—if he cannot beat back the Communist tide that previously swallowed all of mainland China. In view of the Nationalist retreat from Ihe Chushan Islands, their cause hit a new low. ICvcnses Defeat But Gen. Chaw Chih-jon, chief of stall of the Nationalist army, at- ! tempted in a Central New.s Agency statement, lo excuse this defeat— and such it must be considered— by saying the Nationalists hoped to smash "the scheme of the Soviet imperialists and the Chinese Communists in starling a joint offensive and meeting the Reds' overall strategy." He added: "In our anti-Communist, war, the general slao. has made new dispositions of tlie armed forces so a.s to deal a heavier blow to the enemy at a mosl favorable time and place and has therefore voluntarily transferred our naval and air forces from the Chushan 1 archipelago to'' 'rat- wan (Formosa). The Chushan abandonment could have only a shocking Implication lo Ihe of Asia—a part ot which will rneel shortly in Baguio, the Philippines; lo discuss economic blocks to the Communist advance. Left lo Chiang Kai-shek and his dwindling forces is only Formosa with its 1,454.885 population. What hope they might have lo forestall lolal defeat rests wilh the Nationalist forces on the big Island —forces thai have a record only of backtracking and surrender before the Communists in the last two years. Have BOO,000 on Formosa The Nationalists say they have 000.000 righting men on Formosa. (The Reds only loclay trumpeted the story of how they ripped from Nationalist hands another blockade base, Tungshan, 00 miles south of Amoy. The Communists said Red comes law, would If it finally bc- put no new la> Li designed to on any taxpayer. But it taxes from per- Union's Demands For Third Man on Diesels Withdrawn CHICAGO, Mny 16. (AP)—The imtion's worst railroad sons who now fail to report their .strike in four years was settled today nnd striking firemen on five major rail systems were ordered buck to their job* Action Delayed On Passage of Gas Ordinance A special Clly Council meeting called last niehl lo pass an ordinance formally awarding a natural gas franchise to Arkansas- Missouri Power Co. was postponed because of the absence of two aldermen. Mayor Doyle Henderson said no new date for the meeting has been set definitely, u will be re-scheduled for a night when all aldermen could be present. Aldermen Leslie Moore and Rupert Crafton were unable lo attend last night's meeting. Mayor Henderson also said that passage of the ordinance wus the only business that had been scheduled for consideration last night. A resolution to award the franchise to Ark-Mo was adopted al a special session May 8. The ordinance granting the power company Ihe right to distribute and sell natural gas here now must be passed to make the franchise legally binding Named New Head of BE A Cien. Chen Yi's forces shelled Ihe island for four hours Biter dark Friday, stormep ashore at 10 p.m. and in six hours won complete control. The account was broadcast by Peiping Rndio, heard In Tokyo, nnd was .carried in Hong Kong newspapers.) The Nationalists ex-pecU the Reds to Invade Formosa, 100 miles from mainland China, before September i It Hie Communists do not strike by then, seasonal bad weather will force a delay until next March, the Nationalists say. Soybeans May July Nov Jan Weather Arkansas fnri-rast: Partly cloudy tonight and Wednesday. Not much change In temperature, ilissouri forest: Fair south, i T t-1 y cloudy north tonight and Wednesday with a few scattered showers northeast and extreme north portions. Little change In temperature. Low to- nisbt middle 5C's: 75 to 85. Minimum this morning—67. Maximum yesterday—87. Sunset today—6:5-1. Sunrise tomorrow—4:56. Precipitation 24 hours tn 7 i today—none. Total since Jan. 1—29.33. Mean temperature (midway Iween hl-h and lowl—17. This Bale Last Year Minimum this morning—65, Maximum yesterday—92, Precipitation Jan. t to this date —33,M. CLOUDY ;h Wednesday High Low 293'.', 284?; M-Pi 28S'i 210'i 216 220 21G'.i Close 287-81>i 280'i-89 216". --'< County Sanitary Engineer Completes Inspection of School Lunchrooms Inspection of lunchroom projects in 36 Mississippi County schools has been completed by William H. Mitchell, county sanitary engineer. The Inspections, completed Inst week, were initial projects of Mr. Mitchell, who came to this county as sanitary engineer about the first of April. Forms and recommendations have been turned over to the superintendents of the various schools as n basis for Improvements, and Mr. Mitchell said that schools planning to add lunchrooms, or those with lunchrooms tn operation that had not been inspected, could report to him ftnri he would continue the Inspection. Before new units are added, he said, the sanitary engineer should be consulted In order that he could make recommendation as to the type of equipment and sanitation facilities needed. Inspections were made in the (ol- lowing schools: Gosncll High School, Dyess Public School, Armorel School, Marvin Hart, principal of Number Nine School, was elected president of the RlyLlievllIc Education Association nt a meeting yesterday in the Blytheville HEgh School auditorium. Mr. Hart, who Is to succeed Mitchell Johns or the Junior Hi^h School faculty, also was named to attend a leadership conference nL Con way June 2--1. Edu atiou leaders from throughout Arkansas arc expected to attend the conference. In Mic election yesterday, Miss Monla Flushes, Blythcville High School, was .amed vice-prc.strtetit-; Miss Betty Cox. Central School, was named' secretary; nnd Miss Cecil Casslcly, of the high school faculty, was named treasurer of the association. Earl B. Nail was selected as n delegate to the convention of the National Education Association to be held at St. Louis, Mo., this summer. Mrs. Johns was the first president of the Blytheviltc Education Association, since its membership just last year hccame great enough to be recognized as a separate unit )i the Arkansas Education Association. clivktenil.s in their personal income tax returns. The committee had received estimates that the plan would bring $150,000,000 more a year Into the federal Treasury. The vote was taken behind closed doors. The committee sent both Treasury and its own staff ex- pert.s from the committee room. \ Rep. Mills (D-Ark) developed the idcn, In the committee's hunt for new revenue, when he learned that approximately $1,400.000,000 paid annually in corporation dividend:; never shows up in the Income tnx statements of persons receiving the dividends. Would Hold Back Tax Annual total corporation dividend payments now are running close to $8,500.000.000. Under Mills' proposal, the corporations would hold back 10 per cent from every stockholder's dlvl- denrt payment, nnd turn the money over to the Treasury—much in the fashion that laxc.s now nre withheld from wages and salaries. Then, at, the end of the year each taxpayer would fccL credit ngnlnst his total tax obligation in the amount withheld from his dividend check. His lax obligation would Uc no yrenter Ihnn it Is In present law, but under the new proposal there would be: no way for him to avoid listing his dividend Income without the treasury catching him. The committee, In Its effort to off.set an estimated $1.080,000,000 In excise tnx cuts by higher collections elsewhere, n I ready has voter! tax law changes that wouUI yield about $170.000.000. The $150,000,000 from the dividend withholding tnx would boost Use totnl to $320,000,000. Truman Threatens Veto Fr>J!t! deril /I'm in an has said that he will veto "any bill that falls to develop new revenue Lo erase any losses from excise cuts. The committee iilrendy lias voted tentatively Io trim the excises on such things as furs, jewelry, lugsego, toilet preparations, movie tickets and travel tickets. Some tax law mn lingers have voiced the opinion that, in view of Ihe long task in writing the legislation, there may be no tax bill at all this year. But Chairman George (D-Gn) of the Senate Finance Committee said today that 1C the will pass a measure within two or three weeks and hold It to simple provisions— like excise cuts and loophole plunging—the Sennlc may be able to act and toss It to President Truman before Congress adjourns. immediately. 'rite struck carriers—their pns.sengcr and freight service disrupted by the slx-duy-oltl walkout—planned lo resume normal service "as rapidly ns possible." The striking Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen recalled picket, lines ami ordered the strikers to return to work. Both sides expressed satisfaction over the settlement terms. The carriers said they won the fight on llie principal issue—not hire a second fireman on multiple unit Diesel locomotives. They said the union withdrew its demand on the issue, which has hecn in dispute between the brotherhood and carriers lor more than 10 years. Mississippi County Training School at Armorel. Mississippi County High School at West RUlge. Clear Lake Farm School, Senior High School at Blythevllle; Sudbury School at Blytheville, Yarbro School ai Blytheville, ^Erinkley School al Manila; Leachvilte, Boynton, Rocky and Box Elder schools at Leachville Dell School at Dell; J. M. Speck, Shawnce High School and the Shawnee Negro School at Joiner: Kciscr School at Reiser. Wilson School. Wilson Trade School, Chelford, Whitton, Birdson-Roscnwald, all a part of WiUon district; Luxor a r Vicloria. George W. Carver Negro School, find the Victoria Negro School, all a part of llie Luxora School District; Osccola Elementary, the Osccola Roscnwald Elementary, Grider-Rosonwald, Negro, all a part of Osccoln; the Burdcttc School at Burdelte; Manila School, Brown, Redman-and Mllllgan Rldgc Schools In the Manila School District. Three Burglaries Reported Here Three more brcak-his were made last night In BlythcvlUe with burglars taking about »14 iMsh from Hie Mays Supermarket on Twenly- rirst Street Inst night, City Police said today. Entry was made through an air vent which l.s imilcr construction. Also, a drink box coin container was smashed at Lentz's filling station on West Highway 18. The loss has not been determined. In a third break-in. S22, a wallet and pocket watch were taken Irom the house of B. M. ivy, Negro, at 112 East Mathis. City Patrolmen Bert Ross and Herman Lt>nc investigated Oscar Alexander Buys Breese Inn Oscar Alexander today announced that he had purchased the Inn drive-In at the intersection of Main find 21st streets from W. C. Wallace. Mr. Alexander said Melvin Jarratt will manage the establishment, which Is the first of the new Drcesc Enterprises' prelaDricatcd conlec- itonnrlra to he set up tn Arkansas. "We plan to continue to give the best service possible and wlii tclain the curb service feature," Mr. Alexander said. Morals Charge To he Continued Uritil Saturday Charges of contributing to the delinquency of minors against Ar line Robinson, In connection with a Leachvilie vice case, today w continued until Saturday in Municipal Court. In . other action, a charge ol ovcrdrafting J- B. Lnmt; was continued, until June 1. He is charged with overdrawing the Merchants and plan tens Bank of Manila. A case J. Bsiss was contln- ued after judge Graham Sudbury was notified that information hat been filed against Buss in Circuit, Court charging him with assault with Intent to kill. Municipal Court was recessed ai 9:15 a.m. for the funeral of Vir^l Greene whr» was the senior inombei of the Dlythcvfllc Bar Association McCarthy's Blast At Dean Acheson Labeled'Polities' Myers Says Senator Is Interested Mostly 'In the Next Election 7 WASHINGTON. May 15. (rt 1 )— Senator McCarthy's demand thai Secretary of State Acheson bo fired drew a counter blast today from Senator Myers of Pennsylvania who snid McCarthy Is Just talklllR politics. Myers, the assistant Democratic lender of the Senate, denounced McCarthy's demand ns a "deliberate and mallciolu attempt to undermine" America's leadership in foreign affairs. lie accused the Wisconsin Republican of being "more Interested In the next election" than "In the future well being and pence of tile world." Senator Brewster (a-Me), on the other hand, gave 1 ' support to McCarthys criticism of Acheson. "For the good o( the country," Drowsier sail! In an interview, "it night to be possible to secure men as secretary of slate) who would :ommand more general confidence mil do the Job that Is required In Ills very critical time." Hits Lack of Confidence Bicwstcr, chairman of the Re- jublicnn Senatorial Campaign Committee, salt! he thought both Republican and , Democratic Senators had shown a lack of confidence In Achcson's foreign policies. Acheson Is In London attending i meeting of foreign ministers of Atlantlc-trraty nations. Myers' statement was dictated to reporters In answer to nn Atlantic City. N. J., speech yesterday In which McCarthy called on President Truman to fire the secretary of state n. 1 ! "the headmaster who betrays us In Asln." McCarthy said the President also should relieve roving ambn^sador Philip c. Jessup of his duties and oust "those prancing mimics or the Moscow party line In the State Department." New York Stocks Closing Quotations: Amer Tobacco Anaconda Copper .. Beth Steel Chrysler Coca Cola . ,. .. Oen Electric ...'.'...'.'. Gen Motors Montgomery Ward N V Central Int Harvester ' National Distillers Republic Steel Radio Hoeony Vacuum '.'.'.'.'.'. Studebaker Standard of N J ..,.,. Texas Corp J C Fcnncy » S Steel .""""" Scars N. O. Cotton Open High l*ow Clo.s" May 3234 3245 3231 324: July 3254 3262 325 Oct 3115 3124 3113 311 Occ 3102 3114 3101 31CT Itcjifies Twice 'Ilic department came back with two .statements by Press Officer Lincoln White. Accusing McCarthy of "a further rape of the facts." White declared that Jessup was never a "sponsor" ol the American- Russian Institute, as McCarthy charged. In a second blast last night. White revived the issue of McCarthy's conduct as a Wisconsin judge In 1941. He read to reporters an opinion he said was delivered by chief Justice itoscnborry of the Wisconsin Supreme court, saying McCarthy had ordered the destruction r>f a record of his own oral remarks in n court case. Whit* .said Justice Itocnljcrry referred to McCarthy's action as "destruction of evidence" and n highly Improper "abuse of Judicial power." Lie, Stalin Confer 90 Minutes 70 1-4 32 3-4 57 69 5-8 154 49 S-8 35 1-4 5» 1-3 H 1-4! 29 3-8 22 1-8 33 1-4 20 3-8 18 3-8 ti i-a 68 . 58 1-2 . 32 1-2 . 44 7-8 MOSCOW, May 16. (AP r —UN S tertiary Central Trygvc Ut, met today willi the Chinese Communist amhas$atlor to .Moscow. Me conferred with Wanjt ChU- hutang, representative of llie I'clplnp rfjlmc, about the representation in the United Nations which th« Chinese Communists seek. By FDDV GILMOFIK MOSCOW. May 16. (AP)—Prime Minister Joseph Stalin and United Nations Secretruy-Goneral Trygvc Ue talked for &0 minutes at the Kremlin last night. The conference climaxed Ihe "save the U. N." mission which had brought Lie half-way round the world to sec the Russian leader. Diplomats .speculated that China's roprcscn la tlon In I he U. N major topic at the discussions. No details of the talks were disclosed but It is not thought here that the Russians showed any signs of modifying their refusal to participate in any u.N. organization in which Chiang Kal-shck's government Li represented. Russia, has dcmnnded that Ihe Peiping government of Man Tzc- be recognized as china's representative In the 'Jnltcd Nnltons. Molofov, VUhlnsky Present Present with Me and Stalin at the meeting were Vice-Premier V. M. Molotov and Foreign Minister Andrei Y. VLshlnsky. The interview came after Lie—seeking to ease Eabt-West tension—had conferred with president Truman in Washington and with top officials In London, Paris and here Jn Moscow. The 90 : minutc Interview was considered a rather long one for Ihe Soviet premier. H was considered here that Lie nnd Stalin discussed not only the China question but other basic points of East-West tension luvwcIL There was speculation that Lie might discuss his talk with Stalin at a news conference he was scheduled tentatively for tomorrow. The Lie-Stalin Interview had been preceded by careful preparation by both the Russians and the U. N. official. Lie arrived last week. He conferred first, for 90 minutes, with Vlshlnsky. Hits was followed by a long Interview with Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko, a former Russian lelegate to the United Na- UorLs All Moscow newspapers reported the meeting today on their front pages, publishing the brief com- munique announcing the meeting '•hlcli the United Nations Information Center here Issued last night. Union President David B. Robertson, in a statement, termed aa "sntLsfactory." Ihe settlement, "of al! Issues Involved." The union said it did not withdraw "etittrely" ILs request for assignment ol R tblvd man on big Diesel locomotives. A. spokesman .-saiti the brotherhood "modified" 1U demand. Idled 200.000 Workers The .strike, originally set for April 26. started May 10 n gainst parts of the Pennsylvania, New York Central, the Southern Railway and Simla Fe systems. It WEW extended to the Southwestern District of the Union Pacific Railroad last Saturday. Although only some 18,000 locomotive firemen struck, the walkout disrupted much of I he nation's rail trmspor In Lion and had made klle some 200,000 workers—mostly railroad employes. The break In the strike was announced shortly nfter 3 p.m. (EST) and Immediately the union sent telegrams to -striking locals canceling the strike order. . : The union and carriers had met continuously for nine hours during .the night and early.-morning hours, . SlUng In nt, the peace talks 'were 'members of the National <Rnllway)' Mediation Board. : •• * ' J The main snag in the negotiations was the dispute over the hiring of a second fireman on the big Diesel locomotives. While the carriers said the union withdrew H.s demand ,sv union spokesman .said it modified its demand to the extent that the question will be approached through arbitration of the existing contract agreement. Charged Rule VlolnUun One fireman mid one engineer are meployed on the big Diesel locomotives. The union has charged the railroads have been violating the; riile. which provides for a firemen In the forward cab of Diesel locomotives on main line or through passenger service at all times when the train Is moving. H said that If services of an additional man Is required to perform work in the motor room, the rules prolvde he shall be taken from the seniority ranks of the firemen. The union snld the rule has been violated through the use of special duty men who have been performing the work in the motor room. The carriers agreed, a spokesman jiidd, to arbitrate the unions' charges "that certain practices in connection with the operation of these engines were in violation of existing eonlracUs." The union said the agreement eliminated wage differentials which it said had existed in p;iy of firemen on ol! burning steam locomotives and straight electric locomotives. They have had lower rates than those on coal burning or Diesels, the union saitK The nnw agreement. It said, brings all rates at the .same level. No figures were given. Tn Try Third Flnurd Robertson, in his telegmm to striking locals, said: "After more than a month of negotiation. 1 ; and mediation and six days of strike, a satisfactory settlement of all issues involved has heen reached and our koy men have been notified and instructed to have our members return ot service immediately." A union spokesman early said he could not say immediately when nil the men would be b^ck on the job. The rail spokesmen said two presidential fact-find nig boards had cleared the carriers or the union charges they wore violating ex'st- ing contracts tn connection with the operation of the big Diesels. "We have agreed to go before a third board—an arbitration board —whose decision is to be binding on both sides," he added. "If It should be found ns a result ol this third hearing that any of our operating practices are not in accord with our agreements with, the firemen, the individual railroad,'; are free to adopt whatever corrective measures they may deem, appropriate," New York Cofron Open High Low Closa May 3243 3262 3245 32«S July 3266 3578 32M 3273 Oct. 3117 3130 3117 3123 Dec 3106 3121 31CJ 3100 Mar 3113 3125 3107 3107

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