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X. UNDER THE BED CROSS. "What Miss Carton's Society Would Do in Case of War. "The International Treaty with the Red Cross Society—Its Work ftt Johnstown After tho Flood—Its Methods In Sending Quick Relief. I COPYRIGHT, 1S01.1 Pertinent inquires recently received "by me are so timely as to call for imme- (diate response at the risk, even, of that ^consideration which the gravity of tho subject might well claim/or the literary precision which the cultured tastes of readers might demand. I will attempt to meet them in order as they occur. "What are we to expect from the inti- i mations of the latest dispatches of .trouble among the Eastern nations; the threatening' attitude of Russia, and the movements of the German Emperor; and especially, how shall we interpret the little remark, apparently quite incidental, that notice had been given to Hie Red Cross, and that unuirual activity iwas observable at its various headquarters? Is this the same Eed Cross that irorks on our fields of misfortune in -civil life; that gathers up people from elemental wrecks; that fed the starving cattle in the Mississippi floods, and ,bnilt and furnished acres of homes in 1 'Johnstown? If so, who gave it notice to work on these fields, and in case of European war would it be expected to, or could it render aid there, if needed?" It is very difficult to determine the import of their warlike manifestations, -which are, most likely, mere manifestations, and which, in the great march of progress and the clear lignt of later days, will probably find a better ending than open war. Still it is to be remembered that the specks of war have been long on that torizon. The clouds have alternately gathered and dispelled, and it is impos- isible to forecast the moment when the I I I* CLARA EAETOX. playing behind their white lifted thunder caps may shoot out and istartle old Europe to its center. So long as the boundaries of nations are fixed by the sword, as for all time they mainly have been, so long shall we be> an danger of their being maintained by the sword; and until the "balance Ol power,"- upon which the existence of nations is supposed largely to depend, shall mean something more than the mere strength of their armias, nations and people must look more or less to •this direful savior for even physical life. j,- ; .. . The outbreak of a war to-morrow between Russia, Austria and Turkey •would be nothing the surprise to the -world as was the declaration of war between France and Germany in this same month twenty years ago. Their -comparative provocation, necessity, or •the relative value of the causes. which led to the one or would lead to the oth- *r, must be left to the general intelligence and diplomatic wisdom of the fworld to* decide. i [ But the allusion to the Eed Crosa ' iwould remain the same in both. .Napoleon III. declared war upon Germany on the 15th of July, 1870. On the |18th the International Red Cross of iGeneva, Switzerland, was on its way to [the "front" wherever, the meeting of 'the contending forces should chance to make it. The first rnen who fell in that great historic contest were picked up by the corps of the Red Cross on the field; all sick and wounded were, under the stipulations of its treaty, held as neutrals and treated as non-combatants. In better explanation of the conditions of the treaty, I will quote direct Irom a well denned article recently published in a leading magazine. The ^writer says: "The Red Cross national bodies in 'time of war are required to be on hand •and to furnish aid; the volunteer bands are formed in corps, are bound to serve a definite period, and are required not to ' meddle with military affairs. 'The trossarcZ, or arm badge, is worn by j»U in its service. Hospitals •bear the (flag over them; their ambulances are designated on the march by the Red tCross flag. Its corps must be . self-sus- -taining. The international committee FIT SUBJECT FOB THE BED CROSS 8OCI- Ers. provides that the hospitals and ambulances, etc., are considered as neutal iund. Unless held ', by a military all pergopg employed .therei^ «re^ inhabitants'-are to be considered free when caring- for wounded; shelter of such to be protection for all; wounded soldiers to be returned to enemies' outposts whenever possible; on order of commanding general, all wounclei* prisoners, incapable of service again, to ba returned; others to be paroled; absolute neutrality to prevail at all evacuations; Red Cross and sanitary attendants to wear distinctive uniforms and badges." This treaty has changed not only the methods of procedure of the medical and hospital departments of all armies; but their insignia, flags, etc. There is but one military hospital flag in the world to-day. The commander who knows his own knows that of the enemy, and he breaks an international treaty if he knowingly turns even a gun or a stray shot upon it. The convoy of prisoners under escort bearing that sign is safe; no officer can fire upon that unarmed 'and defenseless body of men by "mistake;" no "mistake" can be made, nor pretend to be made. No captured men can longer suffer for lack of food; the world is pledged to supply this want and the way opened to do it. No fields nor hospitals at a field can long lack attendance, nursing, nor the necessaries of life; to this relief the •way is opened. No wounded men can lie unattended, upon a captured field, and no attendant upon them can be captured, and no distinction can be made in the care and nursing 1 ; friend and foe are alike to the workers of the Red Cross. These are the conditions, and this the service which the .Eed Cross would assume upon the first note of war in Europe. This is our Eed Cross, the same which would come into irvstant action in a similar necessity in America; and it is only another feature^ of the same, duly recognized by the great foreign powers, which, as I am so well asked, rescued the-people, fed the starving cattle and built and' furnished houses in Johns- •fc>wn. It is this Red Cross to which the public thought is turned when news of a great calamity falls upon the e'ar. It is simply another part of the machine, moved by the same motor power of organized and practical humanity, acting- Tinder the same regulations, the same strict discipline, as -if the victims to he served by it had become so through hu- r an, rather than elemental conflict. The "civil" branch, or service in Na- ,tional calamities, is known among oth- ;er nations as the "American Amendment." While no actual call to aid in relief of •wars has come to us in oiir nine years •under the treaty, the Red Cross has 'taken its place and performed service on twelve fields of National disaster,and while regarded with grateful kindness by the people of our own country so far as understood by them, it is instructive to know with what interest its new work is observed, and how closely it is watched by the thirty nations within the treaty on the other side of the sea. They realize its fitness to the needs of. our land, and approve, with a grateful pride, the additions made to the great structure of humanity so nobly erected by themselves. The last ten years have been notably free from devastating wars in other countries which might have ' called for our aid; but as showing how promptly such aid can be rendered I may quote one example. During the troubles among the Aus- jtrian States in the'winter of 1S8G a cir- ALWAYS IN TIIE THICKEST OF THE FIGHT. cular call went out from the international committee of-Geneva, Switzerland, the working corps of which held the hospital relief for the sick and wounded in the Balkan -mountains, that the patients were suffering beyond their power to relieve; that the cold on the mountains was intense; then- supplies had ; given out, and funds for procuring more entirely exhausted. This appeal was at once published; the first response was to. this effect: The people of New Albany, .across the river from Louisville,, who had been terribly swept by the floods of 18S3-1S84, and each time assisted by tho agents of the Red Cross, having read the-appeal, 1 telegraphed to myself as president of the Red Cross, the sum of five .hundred dollars ($500) for the use of the suffering soldiers in the Balkan, mountains; this dispatch was that day cabled to the international committee of Geneva, and by them telegraphed to their corps at the front; and word came back to me that in less than forty-eight hours the poor, cold, benumbed, hungry, ,and v jrcrishing yictteis^of' war,*. •Jiurftwav * i ^^** i ^ Tint "*^" T '^ vrM **'* r ' ri ' > '^'*-"' / ^' A - tfce grateful gift of that comparatively I. -tie town bidden away on the banks of the Ohio. I name this single instance as an indication ,of the promptness with which the facilities of this world-wide organization enable it to act. CLAKA BARTON, President American National Red Cro.s.s A LEAKNED PEASANT. He Win More or Less Fmnlllar With Fi«y one Oriental Lanpaagcs. In the village of Rothenacker, near the town o£ Schleiz, their lived from the year 1600 until 1671 a man name( Nikol Schmidt Kunzel, who was an unprecedented phenomenon, and who was known as "the learned peasant," He was more or less familiar with fifty-one Oriental languages. Ho either spoke them or possessed a scholastio knowledge of them. Among the languages were Latin, Greek, Hebrew, Chaldaic. Syrian, Arabic, Persian, Ar menian, Abyssinian, Egyptian, Ethiopian, Turkish, etc. He had committed the Now Testament to memory in four,teen of them and the Old Testament in six. From his tvvelf th year this hungerer for knowledge studied in season and ou1 of season. He attended the little country school during the short winter term and then applied himself diligently while attending- his father's cattle or working in wood or meadow during- the rest of the year. His father came between him and his desires and frequently forbade him wasting his time over books, and while such interdict lasted Niko'l studied ii secret He never missed attending church on Sundays and liste»d attentively to the preach er's every word. In his' fourteenth year his mother's brother taught him to write. About the same time he obtained a Latin catechism, which he compared and studied, sentence for sentence, with his German on'e. Before he was twenty years of age he was well known to the booksellers of Schleiz, Jena, Hof and Nurnberg, at whose shops he was a constant visitor. He studied at times the long night through, frequently by the light of the moon. While threshing in the barn he would cover the walls with Grecian,- Hebra c,..Chaldean, and Arabic alphabets, and he learned the strange symbols without ceasing from labor. It was not long before "the learned peasant's" singular talents were talked of far bej^ond his own little village. As he came and went from Weimar, Dresden and Jena he was the object of undisguised attention, and not without emotion did the crowds regard this self- taught man and celebrated scholar. Besides his periodical acquirements he began the study of physics, astronomy, meteorology, botany, chemistry, optics and mathematics. He turned a small dwelling house on, his farm into an observatory and sought, with the help of well selected mathematical and astronomical instruments to fa thorn the secret distances. He did not escape the miseries and. devastations,, which the war brought upon.his countrymen. His house and lands were left to him desolate and waste. Financially'ruined, the scourge of care forced him to look about him for some .employment Owing to the urgent persuasion of influential friends Nikol was appointed writer of the German calendar just at the time when the fierce struggle between Juliaoism and Gregorianism was at its height, -and 'twas he who led the way to a gold,en mean. And for over a century tbe book-lover wh'o unearths a "Schmidt- Kunzel Calendar" from any book-seller's shop in Nurnberg feels that he has found a rich prize. Nikol Schmidt died on June 28, 1671, leaving a, large family to mourn his loss. None of his children • inherited his thirst for knowledge or his singular talent for making foreign languages his own.—Philadelphia Times. . A WOMAN'S STRENGTH. Ho-w She Surprised the Dudes In Central Park, New York. A striking-looking young woman came into Delmonico's tho other day. She was tall and of a magnificent proportion, with fair hair and deep blue eyes— Brunhilde in a new gown. "I saw that young woman do a most remarkable thing-a few.days ago in the park," said a man who sat with a party of friends near the door. ."There are not many men who are strong enough to do it; She was alone and was walking along with a pair of mastiffs at her side. The dogs seemed ill-disposed toward each other, and from occasional snarling broke into angry growls" and then sprang at each other's throats. Instead of running .as roost women would have done, she walked coolly, over to them and struck them .smartly about the. head and neck with the little riding whip she carried in her hand. But it had no effect. The next .thing she did was to throw the whip away, catch the collar of one of the huge animals with the right hand and the other with the left, and by sheer force of muscle hurl them apart She stood there for a minute, her'hand in the collar of each dog, holding them out afc arm's/length, and'half lifted from the ground.' The half-choked animals stopped their growls and were quiet. A moment longer she held them, then with a sharp word of reproof she let go her bold on the collars, picked up her whip and went calmly on with the conquered brutes following closely behind her. .. '. "It was the most superb exhibition of nerve and strength' I ever, saw a woman give."—N. Y. Tribune. —"That's queer," mused Mr.' Wangle, as he sat reading his newspaper. "Here Smith, Sm.th & Smith say in their advertisement that they . are having a great run in colored ginghams, and a little farther down they warrant the ginghams not to run. I shall.tell my wife i to be careful when she tradei there." —Evangelist—"Young man, . always aim to spendiyo things luij.-i ALI.IK i'i:vi.iC, o.t Finland, who is so pleasantly remembered as one ol the International Council at Washington, lias started a workmen's kitchen, where three h n ndred workmen are taking their meals every day. - There is a reading-room attached. She lias also started a monthly journal Cor woman's rights in the Swedish language.. The State also furnishes her with monej r for a building containing a/lai-pe library, a reading-room, a school for workmen's children, that is, a. kindergarten, and a home for babies when their mothers are at work. There will also be a room for working-men and women to have meetings and music iu the evenings. A Coiite»rt*<l'.\taii. "It's pretty hard work yarning an honest living," said the tramp "to the farmer's wife. "You don't mean co say that you work?" "Oh, no! My remark is simply tho result of my observation along th© highways and byways. When I see how hard som'e people work and how little they get for it. I am encouraged to follow my simple v. cation without a mur- mur."—•Pii'-if. Peculiar Many peculiar points make Hood's Sarsaparilla superior to all other medicines. Peculiar in combination, proportion and preparation of Ingredients, Hood's Sarsaparllla possesses the full curative value ol tbe best known the vegetable Peculiar In and economy— saparilla cine of One i Sar- tlio only.medi- which can truly One Hundred Doses .r." Medicines in ,nd smallor Bottles require larger doses, and do not. good results as Hood's. Peculiar in its medicinal merits, Hood's SarsapariUa accomplishes cures hitherto unknown, and has won for itself, the title of "The greatest purifier ever discovered." Peculiarinits"goodname S*.'*VS& home," —there is now of Hood's Sarsaparflla^ Lowell, TV all_ ^ blood than 'of purifiers phenonsc- it is made, other blood Peculiar in its record of sales _ ... other preparation has S-m. />V/ever attained such popularity in so short ,a time, and retained its popularity and confidence among all classes people so steadfastly. Do not be induced to buy other preparations, but be sure to get the Peculiar Medicine, Hood's Sarsaparilla floldbyolldiuggists. $l;sixfor55. Preparedonlj by C. L HOOD <fc CO., Apothecaries, Lowell, Mass. |OO Doses One Dollar Has Joined the Throng. DAYTON, TKNN., a beautiful town of 5,OGO in- rnbitints, located on the Qijcen and Crescent Route, 2S3 miles south of Cincinnati, has hitherto kept aloof from the excitement attending the boom of the New South; but the possibilities offered 'by a town already established with an inexhaustible stipplv of coal, iron ±rd timber, and with cokeinjr ovcns.blast furnaces, factories and hotels in operation, were too great to escape the eye of the restless capitalist, and a strong p;trty of wealthy rnen from Chicago, Chattanooga and -Nashville, in connection with prominent banking firms in New England, have formed a company to be known as the Corporation of Dayton, for the sale of town lots, the establishmcn' of industrial enterprises, etc, It is an assured fact that within six months Dayton will have another railroad from the bouth-east, which will make it an important junction and transfer point for nearly one-fifth of the freight and passenger traffic between the Great North-west and the South-east. In addition to this it is located on the C^ and C., one oi the largest and most important of the Southern Trunk Lines. It is in the midst of the fertile and beautiful Tennessee Valley; has already an established reputation as a prosperous and s...e manufacturing 1 town and some additional strength as ahcriilth resort. The strongest nrrt ;i r present located there Is the Dayton Coal & Irot Co , an English Corporation, who have built a .standard gauge railroad to their mines, and own UJ.IKIO acres of good coal and iron and timber 0 hind, just West of and adjoining Dayton. It is proposed to have a Land Sale December 3rd, 4i:h and oth, and special trains will be run from \*ew England also from the important cities of the North and North-west, which will undoubtedly be a great success, as tfce plan is to discourage extravagant prices and put the property in the hands ofthe people atapnce where they can ijfTn r! to hold and improve it. Excursion tickets, Cincinnati to Dayton and .return. -will be soid by agents QUEEN AND CRKS- <:!-,KT ROUTE and connecting lines North. Four V-.i-oujrh trains daily from Cincinnati without • '.un<*<,' of <;:irs. A Spring "Medicine. Theidrnggist claims that ' people call dally for the new cure lor constipation and sick headache, discovered -by Dr. Silas Lane while in the Hocky Mountains. It Is said to be Oregon grape root (a great remedym the far west for those complaints) combined with simple herbs, and Is made for use by pouring on boiling water to draw out the strength. It sells at 50 cents a package and Is called Lane's Family Medicine. Sample free, leod For Over Fifty Veors. An Old and Well-Tried Eemedy.— Mrs. WInslow's Soothing Syrup has been used for" over Flfti Years by Millions of Mothers for their Children While Teething, with-Perf ect Success. It Soothes the Child, Sottens the Gums.Allays all Pain; Cures Diarrhoea. Sold by druggists In every part of the world. Be sure and ask for Mrs. WInslow's Soothing Syrup, " and take . no other kind, Twenty-nve cents abottlg. 1une20d&wly Miles' Serve an" JJlver An Important discovery. They act- on the liver, stomach and bowels through the nerves. A new principle. They speedily cure biliousness, bad Caste, . torpid -liver, plies and constipation Splendid for men, women and children. Smallest mildest, surest. 80 doses for 25 cents. Samples free at B. i\ Keesllng's. _ , 1 Buckleu'n Ar«iea Salve. The Best Salve in the world for Cuts, Bruises, Sorea, Ulcers, Salt Bheum, Fever Sores, Tetter, Chapped Hands, Chilblains Corns, and all Skin Eruptions, and positively cures Piles, or no pay required, It Is guaranteed to give perfect satisfaction, or money refunded. Price 25 cents per box. FOR SALE BY B. F. Keesllng. , (ly)'. : THE RET. G-EO. H. THATEK, of Bourbon, Ind., says: "Both myself : and wife owe our lives to Shiloh's Consumptive Cure. Sold by B. F. Kees- .mg 6 CATARRH CURED, health and sweet breath secured, by Shiloh's Catarrh Jemedy. Price 50 cents. Nasal in- ector free. Sold by B. F. Kees 3 Pain n»«l dread attend the use of most «a- irrh remedies. Liquids and snuffs are un pleasant as>, well as dangerous. Ely's Cream Bataissafe, pleasant, easily -applied Into thf lasal passages and teals the inflamed membrane »WWORTH A GUINEA A For BILIOUS & NERVOUS DISORDERS SucA as Wind and Pain in the Stomach, Fullness and Swelling after Heals,. Dizziness, and Drowsiness, Cold Chills,Flushings of Heat, ioss of Appetite, Shortness of Breath, Costiveness, Scurvy, Blotches on the Skin, Disturbed Sleep, Frightful Dreams, and all Nervous and Trembling Sensations, &c. THE flRST DOSE WILL GIVE RELIEF IN TWENTY MINUTES. BEECH AM'S PILLS TAKEN AS DIRECTED RESTORE.FEMALES TO COMPLETE HEALTH. For Sick Headache, Weak Stomach, Impaired Digestion, Constipation, Disordered Liver, etc. T they ACT LIKE MABIC, Strengthening tbo muscular System, restoring long-lost Complexion, bringing buck the keen edge of'appetlte, and arousing with the ROSEBUD OF HEALTH the whole physical energy of the human frame. One o£ the best guarantees to the Nervous and Debilitated Is that BEECHAM'S PILLS HAVE THE LARGEST SALE OF ANY PROPRIETARY MEDICINE IN THE WORLD. IVrpur.-d only l>y THUS. BEECXIAM. St. Ht-Tern, T.nncnihlre. England. Sola, by Drat/gift* rtcnerally. B. F. ALLEN CO., 365 and 367 Canal St.. New York, Sole Afzentufor the United States, irfio [if »/rmr drupeiBtdoea nat keep them) WILL MAIL BEECOAM'S PILLS on RECEIPT of f>RICJC, 25cts. A. BOX. (Mzsnosi THIS PAPEE.) REMEMBER! When You Want JOB PRINTING On Snort Notice, Call at the Journal Job Rooms. WE PRINT Cards, Circulars, Catalogues,, Letter Heads, Note Heads, Bill Heads, Statements, Envelopes, Folder?. Invitations, THE JOURNAL JOB ROOMS.