T*TDAY, MAY 12, 1950 Bonus Is Urged for Employers W/io Retain Workers over 65 WASHINGTON, May 12. «')-A* plan to give employers a government bonus for keeping workers employed beyond the 65-year Social Security retirement age is gaining favor. Secretary of Labor Tobln has just endorsed the Idea. It was proposed to congress two months ago by Harvard Economist Sunnier Slichter. •SThe problem Is to keep men 05 wr over at work when, they want to keep their jobs, even though they could retire on government and private i>ension plans at age G5. Tobln agrees with Slichier that making these men retire is bad for the individuals and Is bad from the standpoint of increasing unemployment and losing worker usefulness. They said that many major employers are adopting a rule of compulsory retirement at 65. Slichter proposed that employers be given an incentive to keep workers 65 or older at their Jobs. He suggested that the employer be given one third of the amount the worker would have received In Social Security retirement payments. Would Get S300 a year The plan would work like this: assuming a man was entitled to a $75 monthly pension from the government, or $900 a year, his employer would get 5300 a year from the government for keeping the man employed. Under the plan, the individual could still retire at 65 if he desired. But he also could keep on working. The money the government paid the employer would encourage the boss to keep the man working, and fclso recompense the employer for the reduced productive value of the elderly man. Commenting on this in remarks prepared for the CIO Steelworkers convention Wednesday at -'Atlantic City. Tobln said: A^fanagement would find it worthwhile to organize operations differently in order to provide more jobs for older workers. "Management would have an incentive to invent such opportunities instead of summarily cutting off capable workers. "It has been estimated that involuntary retirement of workers at OS deprives our economy of an Increase iti the national product of almost $4,000,000,000 a year. Better to Keep Workers "We would be just that much better off if the roughly 3,800,000 persons who face the harsh rule of 85 and out' were permitted to sta\ »t work." Tobln said a widespread notion that "at a fixed time older workers ihould give up their places to younger ones, without reference to productive capacity" is harmful economically and harmful to the national morale. One objective In enacting the Social Security Act In 1935, and a reason for fixing the retirement ¥f£ «t 65, t was to encourage work- •fcbeyond that age to leave the JS^r market. Now Tobiii and Slichter teel such men should be encouraged to remain at their jobs. Slichter pointed out that his plan is one way to keep social security costs down In the future. The increasing life span of the American j people means an Increasingly Ions retirement period after age 85. Life "I Tax Gremlins tntire Jury Watches Farmer Milk Cows ,,,, T ' w - Va - May 12. (irt— The judge recessed the trial and told the jurors they would have to remain together overnight UD iipoke Juror Clifford carter: "If J'onr honor please, my cows have to b« milked." Judge Lewis H. Miller solved that one in a hurry. He sent the whole jury out to Carter's farm, where . the cows got milked under the supervision of *»« ! , ?' Morriso ". « <i<=ruty and two state troopers. EDITOR'S NOTE: "Life With the Tax Gremlins" is a 12-part thumbnail story of the nation's complicated tax structure. The characters: Uncle Sain himself, his Gremlin, state and Local Tax Gremlins,' and you—the taxpayers, It's from an "American Affairs" pamphlet published by the National Industrial Conference Board of New York, an independent, non-profit fact-finding institution supported by business, labor and other groups. When the three Gremlins have filled the bag it contains three kinds of tax money—federal, state and local—and there is a quarrel over division. The Federal Government lias been pre-empting state and local sources of tax revenue. In New Jersey, for example, the total liquor tax Is in one year $107,000,000, of which the federal Gremlin gets S92,- 500,000 and the state Gremlin only 314,500.000; the total inheritance tax is $49,000,030, of which the federal Gremlin takes nearly $40.000,000 and the slate Gremlin only $9,000,000. Everywhere federal, state and local taxes overlap, and there is no proper law of division. The states are saying, the rich states especially, that if they were free to exploit their own sources of tax revenue they could very well do without the grant.s-in- aid they receive from the Federal Government for social purposes, .such as education, public health, relief, and social security. On the subject of grants-in-ntd from the Federal Goevrnmcnt to the states, a bitter controversy now is running because the rich states are thereby heavily mulcted in favor of the poor states . For example, in the year 1948, New York state was taxed $852,000,000 for its contribution to the Federal Government's total expenditure for grant.s-in-aid to the states, but what it got tack as pran!s-ln-aid from the Federal Government was only $433,000,000. Thus it was mulcted for $419,0001000. On the same account, Illinois was taxed 5158,000,000 more than it got back: Ohio's loss was 484,000.- OOD; California's was $65,000.000, and so on. But Mississippi, a poor state, was taxed only $36.000,000 on account of the Federal Government's total expenditure for grants-in aid to the states, . and .got back $103,000,000, and was therefore $87,000.000 better off. Alabama's gain was $10.000,000, Louisiana's gain was $14.000,000. and so on.' The General Assembly of Indiana has adopted a resolution saying there is no such thing as federal aid and that state wants no more of it. The Governor of Virginia says: "All the funds the Federal Government ever had, or v ever will have, come from the taxpayers of the various states. Whatever the Federal Government allocates to the states comes from the people. Before this tax money comes back to the states and localities in the form of grants- in-aid, substantial tolls are exacted from it to maintain and enlarge the bureaucratic central agencies. Furthermore, citizens of such states as Virginia in this way ship a disproportionate part of their tax resources to Washington for the support of federal-aid programs in other states, where less efficient governments call for greater and greater federal dispensations." SOUTHERN BAPTIST COLLEGE Walnut Ridge, Ark. 1950 SUMMER TERM May 29-Ang. 2S 5' 29 for First Term and July 10 for FIRST (Summer) TERM Registration for Firsl Term on May 29 FOR TEACHER TRAINING Public School Art 112 Public School Music 263 Fundamentals of Music 122 Conservation 213 Biology 123 Principles of Physical Ed. Ed. Materials & Methods American Government 163a Bible Courses Economic Geography 223 Freshman English 113b Sophomore English 213a Juvenile Liteurature 143 Biology 113 ' P.E. Health and Safety 211 American History 2-S3B Commerce Courses Applied Music INDUSTRIAL ART COURSES Refrigeration & Air Machine Shop Conditioning Body and Ponder Auto Mechanics Radio Furniture Craft Printing Electric Wiring Fr , gnt 1Yn i nlng Photography SECOND (Summer) TERM Registration for Second Term on July 10 Education 224 Observation Fundamentals of Music 113 Classroom Management Human Geography 203 Applied Mnsic Education Arithmetic for Teachers Commerce Courses Principles for Physical Ed. English 113 Physical Ed. on Demand All Industrial Art Courses Will Be Offered You may earn six semester hours each term. Classes will meet lor IMO hours daily, Monday through Friday. week? n» S £!?' A , rt Courscs win run slx we <*s and others for five »ueivs period. Classes meet only in the mornings writ cou "es will be offered if demand Is sufficient for them write us concerning your needs. Room and Board for all who care lo live on the c.impus. All courses arc offered for 3 hours credit. Long Division. "The fis:al policies of the Federal Government are the necessary corollary of its 'social welfare' policies. The Social Welfare State maintains its political power by bribing (he voter with the taxpayers' money. This requires the distribution of billions of dollars in subsidies to various pressure groups. These subsidies are highly intla- tionary. Subsidies to farmers are used for the express purpose of increasing the price of food and the cost of living—in other words, to create inflation. "Subsidies ra other . pressure groups largely represent payments for which no economic service is demanded In return. They Increase purchasing power without increasing the supply of goods and services, and therefore are highly inflationary. Veterans' benefits, old age pensions, unemployment compensation, relief payments, and oth- — subsidies pay money to millions people without requiring them to do anything to increase the supply of goods on which such money can be spent."—Towncr Phelan. 'Psychological Coercion' Fails to Win New Trial TEXAHKANA. May 12. UP) _ "Psychological coercion" didn't work here yesterday as grounds for a new federal court trial. "Psychological coercion" is what Federal Convict Joe E. Roland, 26 alleged an Fni agent used to induce him to plead guilty lo an automobile theft last January. After a hearing Judge Harry J. Lemley dismissed the new trial petition-and ordered Roland returned to a reformatory at Tcrre Haute to finish his three year term. Roland asserted FBI Agent Dale O. Simpson led him to believe he would get probation by his plea of guilty. He testified, however, the agent "never did promise anything." Roland is from Cookeville, Term. Guaranteed Fishing Worm Getter Pour a little EARLY BIRO where worms are—on rich, damp soil, under large rocks, boards, etc. Worms crawl to surface in a Tew minutes. Doesn't hurt worms. Saves money, time. work, also from running out ol worms on trips. Fun to use. Guaranteed results or money back. Long lasting bottle EARLY BIRD onlj Sl.M at— Bill Godwin Sporting Goods SHOW STARTS 7:30 P.M. Friday & Saturday "THE WILDCAT OF TUCSON" Wild Bill Klliott Evelyn Young Saturday Midnite Show STARTS' II P.M. "DYNAMITE" William Gargan Virginia Welles' Sunday Only "APARTMENT FOR PEGGY" (IN TECHNICOLOR) Jeanne Crain William Holder! JiLYTKEVTLU';, (ARK.) COURIER NRWS 1 Suspended Sheriff Heads Peace Officers UTTLE ROCK, May 12. «>»—A suspended sheriff was elected an office]- of the Arkansas Peace Officer Association here yesterday. He is Ed pcere of Hoi Springs Comity, who i s nutter indictment on 15 counts of alleepd misrepresentation in collecting fees for feeding of I'rlsoners. I'l xvhat \vns interpreted as a vote of confidence, the association elected Licerc second vice president at Its annual convention Mere. Logan County Sheriff pete Carter was chosen president, to succeed Union Sheriff o. E. Bishop. Orvllle SWOJM, Mammoth Spring, district game warden, was named first, vice president. Other officers elected were Capt. Harold Hunter, North Little Rock Police Department, third vice president, and Carl Miller, Assistant Arkansas State police director, secretary-treasurer. Governor McMath told the association last night a bill will be submitted to the next legislature for retirement benefits for the stnlc police and "! hope it will include all peace officers." _ The association designated State Stale Prison Supt. Lee Hcnslcc to receive the Deubler Trophy, given annually for outstanding work by a peace officer. The award is named for the late Jack Deubler of the Little Rock police Department. BritishVessel Is Recaptured From Chinese LONDON. May )2. MV-The British Navy has recaptured the 564- ton British steamer Ethel Mollcr, seized by Chinese Nationalists two months ago for running their blockade; an Admiralily spokesman disclosed today. The spokesman said Nationalist soldiers—some of them wounded— and several Chinese women nnd children were aboard the Ethel Mol- ior when she was retaken without a -fighl. The British destroyer Cossack hailed the captured steamer yesterday off the island of Amoy. then boarded her. Seamen from the Gas- sack disarmed the Chinese soldiers. The boarding party hoisted the British Merchant Navy flag to indicate the Ethel Mollcr was ft merchant vessel and not a naval prize. The original crew was put back in charge of the vessel, the spokesman said. The Cossack .then escorted the steamer toward Hongkong. It was estimated that the Ethel Mollcr would reach that port about noon .omorrow. ^MMUMM«lMi^VBiMK^^^H«i^^H RITZ THEATRE Manila, Ark. 250 Boy Scouts To Participate in District Circus Approximately 250 Boy Scouts nom North nnd South Mississippi County Districts were expected to participate in the lioy Scout Circus at Forrest City tonight. Scouts and Scout leaders from Luxora Troop 35, uyess Troop 34, Osccola Troop 221, joiner 'IVoop o3. Osccola Troop 51, Biinlctte Troop 31, Manila Troop 32, Bly- llicville Troop 38 and Blythevlllc Troop 155 were scheduled to participate. The Scout Circus activities, to be taged for the first time in several years for the'Scouts of the Eastern Arkansas Area Council of. Hoy ocouts, will be at Smith Stadium. Camp crafts, safety first demonstrations and other Assignments have been made for each troop. Cub Scouts, Hoy Scouts and Explorer Scouts are to participate, nnd it Is expecled that more than 1 500 "ill be Included. There will be about 15 Troo|« there. Some of the Mississippi County Scouts will return to their homes tonight and others will remain in Forrest City over night. PAGE FIVB Randolph County Drys Lead Voting POCAHONTAS, Ark., May 12. OT _— "Drys" are leading In Incom- jplcle returns form yesterday's local option election In Randolph County— the first to be held since prohibition forces announced plans for a statewide referendum next fall. Will) 21 of 30 precincts reported, 1.201 persons had voted for continuation of Irfial liquor and beer sales; 1,305 against. Returns irom some precincts were delayed by bad weather and swollen streams. Except for a few individual townships, Randolph County has been "wet" since repeal of prohibition. The Portuguese first settled the African Gold coast, 'Tiny Tim' Plans to Lose 200 of His 540 Pounds PITTSBUHGir. May 12. (/!•) _ "Tiny Tim" vowed yesterday he is 8oi"S on a strict diet, vith (he Idea ot losing a mere 200 pounds. Right now Tiny Tim, whose real name is Thomas Jones, weighs 540 pounds. Doctors put him on a stud diet after he went to the hospital here for a checkup. "I'm not going to cheat. I'm going to stay on thk diet," the j 32-year old gasoline station owner Mid. "All this weight Isn't good or any man. Besides, It's rather ough to get around." Friday & Salurday 'DARING CABALLERO' with Leo Carrillo and Duncan Renahln Also Cartoon A Serial Saturday Owl Show "I COVER THE WAR" with John Wayne Sunday,Monday & Tuesday "DEAR V/iFE" with William Unlden and Joan Caulficld AI.so Warner News ant! Cartoon NEW Ro* Opens Week Days 7:00 p.m. Matinee Saturdays & Snmlays .Mat.-Sun. I p.m Cont Skowlnt Manila, Ark. Friday 'FRONTIER GAL' wilh Rod Cameron Also Shorts Saturday "GUN RANGER?' with Bob Stccle Also Shorts Corrugated Meral Culverts Shcs U|i lo 81 In. Automatic Hood Cjates Concrete Culvert Tile St/cs up tn 3G in. Concrete Septic Tanks Metal Septic Tanks Rower Tile lies! I'rices We Deliver A. H, WEBB Highway lil at Slate Line Phone 714 Monday Nile — 2 Shows All Proceeds (io lo the Mclhodisl Church "HOLLYWOOD VARIETIES" Robert Alda Hoosier Hot Shots A VAUDEVILLE SHOW ON THE SCREEN Saturday Owl Show "RETURN OF THE APE MAN" with Bela f.ugosi Also Shorts Sunday £ Monday "THE DOCTOR AND THE GIRL with Glenn Ford Also Shorts Sunday and THEATRE OSCEOLA YOUR FRIENDLYTHEATfl? —,. / ,' / ^sfc.!l' TECHNICOLOR ' , • |f>" "•- I I" L u % [<JUN£ HAVER. *Qh GORDON J WARNER BROS: 'SILVER LINING SWEETHEARTS! Lost- Day WHERE LOVE KNOWS _NO BOUNDARIES' |] EAST SIDE. wtsrsiDE '£_-;* CtiKMRISSt-IIANCY DflVIS Also Western Co-Hit • " Plus — Color Cartoon Sun.-J Jon. — Firsl Hlylhevillc Showing 10UGH DRAMil STEM _u rrinnw MU U /A\r« im Wij. =\ U . . f \ \\m ,; 'tmmmmm Hits EI UHR1J 'SUrtuiz »OllO»»T- * UCM • own owrmt e '* Also Serial • Cartoon Vlborg, Denmark, was founded la RADIO AND TELEVISION REPAIR Kaclory-Traincd Mechanics Any Make or Model Prompt Service Reasonable Prices Phone 2642 We Pick Up and Deliver Fred Callihan lin So First SI., lilylheville WE BUY AND SELL USED & NEW FURNITURE PHONE 2112 the television that AMAZES EVEN THE EXPERTS MODEL 716 IT/i-IN. gives you all these Phono Input Jntk far ploying fecoids through your television receiver. High Confrasl "Blatk" Tube d no extra cosl —provides more comforloble viewing with more natural lonal shading. long Distance TV— with famous Hallitrofters electronic engineering. Biuked by 16 Years Short Wove Experience on the some frequencies used in TV ladoy. Built in Eletfronic Antenna— improved over earlier designs for maximum results. New Pyroxylin Covered Wood Cabinet. More durable Ilian plastic. F. L WICKER MACHINE SHOP 215 North 2nd — Just Call 2192 LAWNMOWERS Power and hand mnwors sharpened and repaired.. v picked up and delivered. BLACKSMITHING Plow points receive prompt and expert sharpening. " tLDING Acelylene and electric. . .tn the shop nr on the inb. Satisfaction guaranteed. MACHINE V/ORK We have the experienced men and (he equipment to dn your |nh right.
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