Argus-Leader from Sioux Falls, South Dakota on August 31, 1978 · Page 20
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Argus-Leader from Sioux Falls, South Dakota · Page 20

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Sioux Falls, South Dakota
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Thursday, August 31, 1978
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Page 20
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2C Argus-Leader, Sioux Falls, S.D. Thursday, August 31, 1978 remors cause bio mystery, near Mt Gannett News Service MT. SHASTA CITY, Calif. - An intriguing geological mystery has drawn teams of scientists, curious local residents and reporters to a spot on a remote logging road on the eastern slope of Mt. Shasta." Since about Aug. 1, the area around the 14,000-foot volcanic peak that dominates the landscape of northern California about 250 miles north of-San Francisco has been rattled with an unusually rapid series of earthquakes, often as many as 100 a day. Most of them have been too small to be registered by anything but instruments, but many have been strong enough to startle residents 20 to 30 miles away in the small towns of Mt. Shasta City and McCloud. The worst occurred on the night of Aug. 12. U. S. Forest Service ranger Pete Villamar was awakened in his isolated cabin then by what had become a familiar pattern: a "tremendous roar" followed by a shaking of the ground and the sound of dishes rattling and equipment falling off shelves. The next morning, after an inspection showed that the cabin had been tilted on its foundation, Villamar was 'making his rounds of the area with a supervisor when he was approached by excited campers at nearby Trout Creek. "It was a young couple, and they said they had found a crack in the earth," Villamar said. Villamar followed the couple up the twisting road and was confronted with a startling sight. The surface of the road was split by two cracks about four feet apart and the the ground between the cracks had dropped down more than a foot. It turned out to be part of a series of ruptures that extended for about a mile in a north-south direction. In some places the cracks were up to 12 feet apart with the earth between them lowered as much as four feet. Many small trees on the edges of the rupture were bent toward the tjench and others growing in the center section had simply dropped along with the depressed portion of the ground. The dramatic cracks added new elements to a scientific guessing game in which geologists monitoring the the quakes had already begun to consider the possibility of a new volcanic eruption. "What could cause this is something coming up from below," said Dr. John Alfors, the state's district geologist. "This might be a forerunner of some volcanic activity." So far there have been no confirmed incidents of steam eruptions or changes in the hot springs on the mountain and neither Dr. Alfors nor other state and federal scientists are New diabetes treatment is tested BOSTON (AP) Combining insulin with another body chemical may help reduce the high blood sugar levels that can lead to blindness, kidney failure and other complications in persons with severe diabetes, researchers say. Insulin shots, the usual treatment for diabetes, are not always enough to offset the damaging effects of too much sugar in the blood, especially in people whose diabetes starts in childhood. Doctors hope to find a way to inject a combination of insulin and the body chemical somatostatin with a needle. If successful, researchers predict it could free diabetics from the often fatal effects of the disease. So far, the combination has been administered successfully to four patients, but they were bedridden and' took the mixture into their veins through tubes. Dr. Roger Unger, one of the researchers, said it could be up to seven years before the new treatment is available to patients. The study, conducted at Texas Southwestern Medical School in Dallas, was reported in today's issue Blood test is early warning for victims of colon cancer BOSTON (AP) A blood test can give patients treated for colon cancer early warning that their disease may recur or spread to other organs, doctors say. The test measures levels of car-cinoembryonic antigen, an antibody produced by cancer of the large intestine as well as in other normal organs. Doctors at Memorial-Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York found that by measuring levels of the antibody before surgery, they could predict the interval before large intestine cancer recurred. ' The study, published in today's New England Journal of Medicine, examined patients whose cancer had either penetrated the intestine wall or spread to the lymph nodes. They found t the period before recurrence range,, om 9.8 months to 30 months, depending on how much of the antibody was circulating in the blood. The doctors also discovered that if there was a high level of the antibody after surgery, chances were high that the cancer would spread to the liver. One of the researchers. Dr. Harold Wanebo, said the test has a practical use in determining the kind of care a patient should get after surgery for removal of a cancer in the large intestine. of the New England Journal of Medicine. In people not affected by diabetes, the pancreas -secretes insulin at mealtime, and the chemical signals the body to store nutrients. However, in people afflicted with diabetes during childhood, the insulin-producing cells often fail completely, and sugar accumulates dangerously in the blood. This form of the disease, called juvenile diabetes, afflicts one in 6,000 children annually. Insulin shots postpone the worst effects of the disease until adulthood, but half of those with juvenile diabetes now die from kidney failure, while 10 percent to 20 percent become blind. The researchers found that these diabetics have unusually high levels of a hormone called glucagon that stimulates production of sugar by the liver. Their studies, however, showed that injecting somatostatin along with insulin will combat the glucagon and reduce blood sugar. Doctors say a similar treatment may also be found for people who develop diabetes during adulthood. However, these patients' bodies still produce some insulin, and the somatostatin interferes with this natural process. The doctors said they hope to find another chemical that suppresses the sugar-making glucagon but still allows the patients to make their own insulin. LAMPS TtYS MOWERS BOATS SKATES DESKS PLANTS DINETTES WIGS RUGS-TABLES CHAIRS """j SFR:INRS AmiAMCE LUGGAGE HOSES PANTSToPS PICTURES ananas 83 & TYPEWRITERS CAMERAS TIES jumping to any firm conclusions. "A couple of years ago,'-' Dr. Alfors said, "Mt. Baker up in Oregon showed an increase in hot springs and seismic (earthquake) activity but then it stopped. This might just be another false alarm". Still, neither he nor anyone else can resist the temptation to speculate. "If it continues this way for some months or years more, then I will be more convinced," he said. "When they have eruptions in Hawaii, I understand that they are often preceeded by waves of earthquakes as the lava rises for a while and then stops and rises again in stages," he added. "This could be what we are seeing." Paul Dawson, a resident of Mt. Shasta City who is also a geology instructor at a nearby junior college, is equally fascinated but cautious. "I would have to see this continue for many more months before I could , conclude that it was volcanic," Dawson said. Mt. Shasta, the most spectacular snow-covered peak in a range of spectacular mountains, is believed to have last erupted about 200 years ago. In 1786, the French explorer LaPerouse was sailing off the coast about 200 miles to the west when he wrote in his journal: "We then saw a volcano on the crest of the mountain which lay to the east of us. The flames of it were very bright, but a thick fog bank soon came to deprive us of this spectacle." Although that account has been questioned by some historians, it is generally accepted by geologists. . "The thing that makes me think it might be true is that he apparently could see the top of the mountain," Dawson said. He noted that Mt. Lassen, California's other active volcano, which last erupted about Giasta 1915, cannot be seen from the ocean, but Shasta can. . Dawson and other residents of the area are taking it almost calmly. "There's certainly no cause for yet," Dawson said. "In fact there's no cause for alarm at all. Believe me, if it goes off, I'm going to build bleachers and sell tickets." Arland Skinner is a construction company truck driver. His travel trailer, parked for the summer at the Trout Creek campground a half-mile away from the rupture, was knocked off its jacks by the Aug. 12 quake while he was away. "I don't think there's any danger," Skinner said calmly. He noted that the whole eastern side of the mountain ' around the cracks is populated only by campers and a few temporary residents like himself. McCloud and Mt. Shasta City are located at the base of the mountain, but on the south and east sides. S i iMm SStAJi r&r-L if it t r k A 2 ir if i rvn -v.-.TTi . ' . S- . -. " 5 - 2 1. 5 -r 1 - A "'j A Memphis sanitation department employee razes what is left of a Pizza 'Hut restaurant. It was part of a massive cleanup operation in the wake of a tornado Tuesday which caused an estimated $10 million damage to a strip along Elvis Presley Boulevard. Police officials said 24 persons were treated for cuts and bruises but there were no fatalities. (AP photo) Bikin i residents to tea ve atoll By FLOYD TAKEUCHI Gannett News Service BIKINI ATOLL - After a stormy 3Vi-hour meeting with government officials Wednesday afternoon, all the residents of Bikini agreed to leave their radioactive Marshall Islands atoll, once the site of atomic bomb tests. The Bikinians agreed to begin moving at noon Thursday after a group of angry residents met with Trust Territory High Commissioner Adrian Winkel and other officials, who had arrived early Wednesday morning to supervise the evacuation. The Bikinians are to be taken to Kili, in the southern Marshalls, where some of their fellow islanders are now living. Evacuated once before, they had been allowed to return to the atoll when radioactivity levels were determined to be low enough. However, medical tests in April of this year revealed that internal levels of a radioactivity were rising dangerously in the people, who were eating local coconuts and produce. Trust Territory and federal officials in June told the Bikinians they would have to leave. "We in good conscience cannot play god with the lives of your children," Winkel said. In a meeting Wednesday morning, more than half of the residents had vowed not to leave. Only 15 of the 139 had loaded their household possessions onto a goverment cargo ship, and they were goverment workers from other atolls, local officials said. One landowner, Andrew Jakeo, told the meeting, "We need a vast sum of money. That means we need billions of dollars right before our eyes before we can leave." Another landowner, Bero Joel, said they would not leave until the U.S. promised to pay additional compensation. When asked how much more would be enough, Joel said, "More than what they need, so much money that they cannot see the sky, see the east or the west." It was not known what concessions the government delegation made to the Bikinians to change their minds. Winkel, who is accompanied by Marshalls District Administrator Oscar Debru, presented a six-page understanding of general responsibility for the plight of the Bikinians, a promise to rehabilitate Kili, and a one-time relocation allowance for every person on Bikini. "This is all we can do," Winkel said. "Ten years from now, who knows?" During the morning meeting Jakeo Big stink told Winkel the relocation allowance should be taken back to the U.S. "If you want to take my life, kill me, bury me in the cemetery by my house, but I shall never go back to Kili," he said. When the high commissioner went ashore on Bikini at 9:32 a.m. Wednesday he was met by only a small group of Bikinians. There were none of the flower leis or formal ceremonies that usually accompany visits by high government officials to ' outer islands. Park workers tired of sorting garbage LANSING, Mich. (AP) - You think your job stinks? Some Michigan park workers say they are fed up with digging through garbage barrels as part of a "high priority" research project on throwaway bottles. "It doesn't take long in warm weather for garbage to get 'ripe,'" complained Vernon Fitzpatrick, manager of a state park in Michigan's Upper Peninsula, in a memorandum to the state Department of Natural Resources. "In the parks this would include dog droppings, disposable diapers, you name it." The experiment, authorized by the state Legislature, is an attempt to gauge the effect of a ban on most throwaway beverage containers which takes effect in December. About 35 workers at eight state parks and 26 other game, fish and public-access sites have been counting the number of bottles thrown away at campsites this summer. They will conduct the same survey next year and compare findings to determine the effectiveness of the ban. Department officials have pegged the experiment a "high priority" task for the summer. However, Harry Doehne, head of policy development for the department, said workers were not ordered to dig through garbage "because that might be a violation of health standards. "We can't ask them to pick through the trash. I would be upset myself," Doehne said. He said workers were simply ordered to cordon off an area in their parks and count the number of bottles without sticking their noses into trash bins. "I guess somebody misunderstood what we had in mind," he said. But Fitzpatrick said a department memo specifically ordered workers to categorize the contents of litter bins. "I have gone into sewage manholes and wet wells to make repairs when it was necesssary to provide service to park users," he said. "But the cfew has objected to this job and I concur with them." Meanwhile, Fitzpatrick said his crew's romp through 10 tons of garbage has turned up more than 12,000 drink cans, nearly 7,000 throwaway bottles, less than 2,000 plastic bottles and just seven returnable containers. ORDINANCE NO. S7 T$ AN ORDINANCE OF THE CITY OF SIOUX FALLS. SOUTH DAKOTA, PROVIDING THAT THE CODE OF ORDINANCES, CITY OF SIOUX FALLS, SOUTH DAKOTA, BE AMENDED BY AMENDING ORDINANCE NO. 11-TI OF SAID CODE, AS AMENDED, TO AMEND SECTION (a) BY DELETING AN APPOINTIVE POSITION ANO ADDING AN APPOINTIVE POSITION ANO TO ASSIGN SALARY FOR SAME; AND TO AMEND SECTION (b) BY DELETING CLASSIFICATIONS AND TO ESTABLISH NEW CLASSIFICATIONS AND TO ASSIGN SALARY SCALES FOR SAME, RESPECTIVELY. BE IT ORDAINED BY THE CITY OF SIOUX FALLS, SOUTH DAKOTA: Section 1. That Section (a) of Ordinance Number 79-77 of the Code of Ordinances of the City of Sioux Falls, South Dakota be, and the tame Is amended to delete the following: (a) SALARY SCALES ELECTIVE AND APPOINTIVE OFFICERS EXHIBIT "A" APPOINTED OFFICIALS STEP-A, STEP-B, STEP-C, STEPO: Street Maintenance Supt., VOM, S799.4S, S850.51, SM3.04 Section 2. That Section (a) of Ordinance Number 79-77 of the Code of Ordinances of the City of Sioux Falls, South Dakota be, and the same Is amended to Include the following: (a) SALARY SCALES ELECTIVE AND APPOINTIVE OFFICERS EXHIBIT "A" APPOINTED OFFICIALS STEP-A, SXEP B, STEP-C, STEP-O: Supt. of Public Works, 1795.75, $150.01, $904.21, $949.50 Employee In former appointive position as Street Maintenance Superintendent Is hereby reclassified as Superintendent of Public Works by virtue of this ordinance. Section 1. That Ordinance Number 79-77 of the Code of Ordinances of the City of Sioux Falls, South Dakota, as amended, be, and the same Is amended to delete the following: (b) EMPLOYEES ARE HEREBY ASSIGNED TO THE SCALES INDICATED Scales: CITY GARAGE: Garage Superintendent, is STREETS AND SEWER: Assistant Street Maintenance Superintendent, 26; Flood Control Superintendent, 22 Section 4. That Ordinance Number 79-77 of the Code of Ordinances of the City of Sioux Falls, South Dakota, as amended, be, and the seme Is amended to Include the following: (b) EMPLOYEES ARE HERE BY ASSIGNED TO THE SCALES INDICATED STREETS AND SEWER, Scale: Street Maintenance Supervisor, 2e Employee In former classification of Assistant Street Maintenance. Superintendent Is hereby reclassified as Street Maintenance Supervisor by virtue of this ordinance. Flood Control Supervisor, 22 Employee In former clesslflcatlon of Flood Control Superintendent Is hereby reclassified es Flood Control Supervisor by virtue of this ordinance. Adopted this Win day of August, 197S. RICK W. KNOBE Mayor ATTEST: MANFRED SZAMEIT City Finance Director BY: F.L. Tlemyer City Clerk of Records dc 37 August 31, 1971 I'

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