The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on May 11, 1950 · Page 9
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 9

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Thursday, May 11, 1950
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Page 9
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THURSDAY, MAY 11, 1950 U.S. Supreme Court Has Difficult Task BLYTHEVIT.LE (ARK.l COURIER NEWS OTNB By James Marlow WASHINGTON, May 11. <;i'j—Jf you were a pie-historic man, living alone, you'd have absolute freedom, except freedom from fear. . There'd be no laws, since there'd be no Irlbe or society to make laws. You could steal any stranger's food or kill him. ^jj^ou'd he free to -do it, without 1K;>r of punishment. Unfortunately for you, any stranger likewise would be free to do the same to you. So never for one moment of your life would you be free of the fear of what some stranger might do to yen. This would be pretty shaky living. When people began to live in tribes, they sow this and drew up rules and laws to make life longer and more livable. These rules and laws were simply an agreement, or social contract, by a lot of people who wanted to live together* without fear of damage. Then, for instance, they'd make a law against, murder. After that, everyone knew if he violated the law he'd be punished. This was intended to make life safer for everyone. But—the people who. agreed to. this agreed to give up a certain freedom—freedom to kill. In return, (hough, they got a new freedom—freedom from fear of being killed. When the American people decided to live together, they, too. agreed to a social contract, called the U.S. Constitution. This guaranteed them certain freedoms and rights, such as freedom of speech and the right to trial by jury. Then lo make living in America better, Congress and the states passed laws, lists of "do's" and '^gn't's" for Americans, flp^me of those laws take away from individual freedoms. For instance, laws against murder, disturbing the peace, theft. Their purpose is la protect against abuses of freedom. At the same time it Is the purpose of the Con •stilution to see that: As many people as possible have • s much freedom as possible whil still keeping the American form of government Intact. It Is the unending job of the supreme court to decide what is 111 accord with the Constitution and what Is contrary to It. ' In many such judgments on the cases which come before it, the court'must protect the rights and freedoms of minorities while protecting the rights and freedoms of the majority. It's no cinch. Justice Jackson said this week: "The court's day-to-day task Is to reject as false, claims In the name of civil liberty which, If granted, would paralyze or impair authority lo defend existence of our society. and to reject, as false claims in the name of security which would undermine our freedoms and open the way to oppression." And Chief Justice Vinson said [hut If constitutional government like ours is to survive "it must have power to protect itself against unlawful conduct. ...freedom of speech thus does not comprehend the right to speak on any subject at ajiy time." This Is why every decision of the court on freedom of speech, .since all of us have such n stake In it, gets so much attention. It is also why the decisions of the court—since it's made up of human beings—are examined so closely to be sure that even with the best Intentions It doesn't take away unnecessarily one additional freedom from anyone. Such a decision, while appearing to be good today, may weaken the structure in a way that can't be foreseen and serve as a precedent for some future court to approve a law that cripples freedom badly. It Is not hard to Imagine—if this government and lUs Constitution stand another 1,000 years — that many of the freedoms which seem so solid today may vanish through new laws and new court decisions You can see why: time and situations change. New laws constantly are being passed to meet both These call for new court decision" to meet new realities and adapt the Constitution to the necessities of new times. >eath Reaches Trapped Well-Digger : ive Minutes Before His Rescuers Senators Discuss Everything Except FEPC in 'Debate' on FEPC Measure By Arthur Erlson WASHINGTON, May 10. </F>—In ! o «ports. you often can't tell the players without a program. In the Senate, you often can't tell the program from listening to the players. That's well illustrated In the Sen»te now. It is trying to decide whether It should lake up a bill to create a Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC). But a visitor wandering in could a*V" dissertations on such interest- fl^-Mtenis as these: • '' How much It costs the taxpayers for Senatorial talk; the rules of the Benate, which are mysterious: and when does a filibuster become a Jilibuster? The high price of Senatorial talk was brought up by Senator Humphrey (D-Minn). "Since I have been a member of the Senate," Humphrey said, "I have been deeply moved by the cries of economy." "Now it costs $80 a page lo print the Congressional Record," Humphrey said, so he thought it would be nice—and economical — If the FEPC debate stepped right along. Senator Russell (D-Ga) said he liked to save money, too, but he didn't think It would be smad to mean? No decision was reached Now for the final topic: filibustering. When does Senatorial talk grow into a filibuster? Senator Russell, who often ha, been accused of filibustering, sale a filibuster depends on which sec tion of the country a Senator i: from. "A bill may be discussed In llu Senate lor as long as'eight week, and no one will say anything abou a filibuster," he complained. "However, if a bill is taken up tr which some of us are strongly op posed, talk is heard about the co.' of printing and a great fllibuste convulsing the Senate." Oh, yes, from time to time sen ators on both sides of the disput discuss FEPC. spend millions to set up a new agency while trying to save a few bucks on printing costs. The Senate rules say: "If any Senator, in speaking or otherwise, trangress the rules of the Senate, the presiding officer shall, or any Senator may, call him lo order." I That sounds aj If the Senators nnt only make up their own rules but also become their own referees. The rules talk came up because, last week. Senator Lucas (D-I11) _was called lo order by Senator ^Therry (R-Neb) for saying unkind ^Jings about Senator McCarthy (R-Wls). Lucas didn't like this. "An arbitrary rule," he called it. This set off an hour's debate on the subject: what rules are we playing under and what do they Florida Park Blaze Continues to Burn MIAMI, Fla., May II. f/n-A fi that already has seared 30 sqlia: miles in the eastern edge of th Everjlad&s National Park continue to burn today. About 40 men battled the bla: that swept along a high pine ridi ( known as Long Pine Key and heai ed toward headwaters of the Sha: River, a famous ftsnlng spot. TRAP NEST TESTING—Using trapnests, this Iowa farm couple- checks the production of crossbred pullets and records efig production. During the first year, about 90 per cent o[ all new crosses aref discontinued because they fail to measure up to commercial grades. NEW YORK, Mny 11, (Jl>,—A guy Ith a lot of courage—trapped for ore than 27 hours at the bottom a well snail—died In agony late •sterday shortly after rescuers ft- ally reached him. Well-digger DomlnJck Attco wns imc to the end. But burns, pain, exhaustion and ie pressure of rocks and earth were norc than his strong frame could and. Attco, 49-year-old father of six hildren, died five minutes before e was lifted out of his tomb 20 eel beneath a Brooklyn garage. Only a few times during his agon- :lng Imprisonment did he taller in ailh, hope or courage. A hospital interne and Roman latholic priests administered to >ody and soul through the Ions hours as rescue workers feverishly iug a trench to reach him. Doctors said Attco — crushed eared and half-blinded—put up an ilmost superhuman show of courage, i Five hundred persons, many o -hem with rosaries, prayed outside during the ordeal, Atteo's attractive, 32-year-olc vife, Marie, became hysterica vhen her long vigil of prayers anc ars ended in despair. "What am I going to do withon Tim?" she cried. "He was the mos wonderful man In the world, and si brave." A friend told her thai her hus band might have been blind anc crippled if he had lived. "He could n't have stood that." the widow'said Dr. Harold Berson, 25, worn by perilous trips down the wel ihalt during 26 hours to adminicle to the tortured victim, said " thought he was going to make i Ills courage and endurance were eyoud belief." The doctor said Afleo apparently led of exhaustion and shock. An lutopsy was planned for today. Lent/on Lads Are Bored rV/th Robinson Crusoe LONDON—M>)—Tcen-agc ^Lond boys are bored by Defoe's "Robinsoi Crusoe" bul are avid readers of Victor Kravchenko's "I Chose Free dom." Martin Parr told the Londoi Council of Social Service he had cs :ablishcd this in a study of reading habits of 150 boys between 14 18 who use a club In Shoredltch In the east end. "Old at 40,50,60? — Man, You're Crazy '•$n"r™n/ f "iM!str*" ll o>* re | PCI ' l ' J *' 70> T - 7 KhlclTl"^,y ! ''irrM IIea rM rC ',J' "* bc ' ly ' a !? c * 9.' '. ?«Tu??N^"«?AVr,K.krai c ^!s;-^ Al all.ilrug stores everywhere.—I RljrthFrllle. al Kirbi * Woods Dri LOANS ON CARS, TRUCKS AND TRACTORS United Insurance Agency 1st & Main Rear City Drat Blytheville, Ark. yft MOTHff, AMD I AM GIVIN6 IT TO My 8Asy now.' R£t*eM8£K-l ALWAYS CAV£ you SYRUP or SLACK-DRAUGHT Synip of Black-Draught is specially prepared for children. Ils spicy, pleasant flavor pleases all youngsters. Prompt, thorough action is natural-Ilko when taken as directed. Syrup of Black-Draught is pure; scientifically prepared from flncal imported herbs. Growing more popular every •day. Grown-upa take Black-Draught, powdered or granulated. You can buy Black-Draught at the dealer nearest you. OF BLACK- DRAUGHT for children 6r*at to relieve 'PERIODIC' ftt/MS *t»hist Th«m! Do functional monthly ailments makr you suffer from pains at such tunes; And do you start suffering n few day; belorc your period from nervous strangely restless, weak, drayglnE fed Ings— due to this cause? Then stan -taking Lydia E. Pinfcham's Vegctabli Hfompotmd lo relieve such symptoms Y> Pmknams Compound DOES xom than relieve this monthly pain. It, also relieves accompanying nervous, tense- emotions of this nature. Regular us? helps build up resistance against such female distress. The iceman's /ricndl LYDIA E. PINKHAM'S PRESCRIPTIONS Fresh Stock Guaranteed Kest I'rices Krrby Druq Stores Our Telephone Number 4438 Shelron Motor Co. PRO FIT By Reading the Classified Ads Every Day! PROFIT By Advertising In The Classified Columns. When You Want lo Buy or Sell ADS PLACED BEFORE 9 A.M. WILL APPEAR SAME DAY Ail Classified Advertising Payable in Advance PHONE 4461 HEVILLE COURIER NEWS ,500 Boy and Cub Scouts Set 'o Participate in Giant Circus Friday will be Boy Seoul'Circus y at Forrest Clly and' Scouts oni iiiosl of Mississippi county's oops will be represented among c 1,500 Cub Scouts, Boy Scouts, vplurcr Scouts and lenders ex- c'ctl to attend. Assignments in Scout crnft and •si aid have been made the var- is units for the first Boy.Seoul •CMS (o x held In the Eastern Area Council for (he post imber of years. There arc n total o[ 153 units in e council and It Is expected that of the troops will participate. Tile show will be held at Smith •adluin and starts nt 8 p.m. tt to be a fast moving portrayal all Scouting and Cubbing actives. The tirst. event will be the grand itiy In which all the scouts will irticipate In n parade on the eld. Then Ihc Cub Scouts lake 'er for Cub games. After the Cubbing event the cnl- strophc show to portray Boy Scout rat aid will be staged. The third 'cut will feature 20 troops on the eld playing 20 different games at le same time. The lirellghUilg event which drn- atizcs the story of fire malting quipmenl v ill show about 50 Scouts Billing small fires by the use of Inl and steel, forming the letters B.S.A." The fifth event will deal with aniplng and will close with llin imping society of tlic Eastern Ark- usas Council, the order of the rrnw. iiantomining n tapping out crcmony. Clowns and animals will parade the sixth event and the next vent will be participated In by the Negro Scouts. A pioneering event and-a finale will conclude the show. EDSON Continued from Page 8 "We sure is givin' 'em hell." "The moral of the story," says Admiral Fife, "Is clun'l suffer any mass delusions about wiu'l" li.lttli! of the Troinlscrs Some Republican leaders stre now apparently trying to out-proiolso the Democrats on farm policy— possibly as a campaign maneuver to offset whatever appeal the Bronnnn plan may have. For Instance, the 10-point farm program announced by Axel j. Ueck of South Dakota, chairman of the Republican, National Committee's subcommittee on agriculture, Included promises of full parity prices on non perishables, semi-perishables, feed, livestock, egg and dairy products. The most favorable farm price support legislation passed by Congress thus far has guaranteed only 90 per cent of parity. Go 'Em One Hotter, Senator This new Republican farm pro- Don't Neglect Slipping FALSE TEETH 130 (also Icelh drop. Blip or wobble wnen you mix. cat, Inugh or sneeze? Uou't tie annoyed and L-mlttrrusscd by l>y such rmmllcnps FASTEETH. nn nLKnllno luon-ncld) powder lo sprinkle on your gilEUes, keeps ([Use cecLh more ILnnly SCL. Gives confident fccUTlH of security, tuiu milled comfort. No gummy, noocy. pasty tnslc or feeling, (let KASTKKTH tuitay at t.uy (inly filore. grain rccominandatlon recalls the said with a grin, "I gupess the onlf iJ,m°'q? |JO J.- WOW , 011CD , ncld bc ; thins to (ell ffm Is that you're lot U-een Sen. Kenneth Wherry of | „, " „ „ ' Nebraska and President Allen n.!° 0 " tr cc "' P ar 'ty-" Kline of the American Farm Bureau Federation. "Qivc me a short answer." Wherry requested, "for the fellow who demands SO per cent parity price support.';?" Kline went into his usual five- minute speech (o prove Hint flexible price supports were better than high, fixed price supports. When it was over. Wherry said. "Yes, but give me the same thing in a short answer." 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