The Brownsville Herald from Brownsville, Texas on January 20, 1929 · Page 11
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The Brownsville Herald from Brownsville, Texas · Page 11

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Sunday, January 20, 1929
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PAKT ' r !i SOCIETY i Innunsuille Herald AUTOMOBILE Valley Students; -- At U. of T. AUSTIN^ Jan. 19.--Two Valley students will receive their degrees from the University of T xas school of law in June, according to a l : *;t of candidates for this degree published this week by Dean Ira A. Hil- dcbrand, of the law school. They arc Wortham Davenport and Luther Faulk, both of Brownsville. Davenport was recently elected to Chancellors, honorary scholastic organization for law students. Other students from the Valley in the law school are: Louis White of Pharr, Fred Wagner of Brownsville, Mer.ton Murray of Mercedes, William Scanlan of Brownsville, Cecil Edwards of Edinburg and O. E. Cannon of Mission. * * * The Girls' Glee club of the university presented a concert Wednesday night, in which a number of selections, varied by several skits and specialties, were given. Miss Marjorie Bleifus of Mission is accompanist for the club, and took part in the program. * * * (.'launch Brindley of Harlingen, member of the Longhorn band, was ·jonfined to an Austin hospital during the week end, according to a report issued by the University Health Service. He was the only Valley VflSfent named in tho list. Three students from the Valley nro listed as candidates for engineering degrees to be conferred in June. They are Robert Andrew Porter, William "Mike" Meyers, and Robert Ohls, all of Mercedes. Moyers and Ohls will receive a degree of bachelor of science in mechanical engineering, and Porter is a candidate for a degree of bachelor or science in electrical engineering. * * * The Zeta Tau Alpha sorority held formal initiation services Sunday afternoon for eight new members. Misses JHclen and Winona Glace- cock of Mercedes were among the students initiated, into the sorority. A buffet supper followed the ini- t i a t i o n . * * * J. A. Mora of McAllen, junior student in the department of architecture- of the university, was one of the n i n e students of tho department who submitted plans which were sent Monday to tho Beaux Arts Institute .of Design at New York. Tho entire d e p a r t m e n t worked on the, designs, and each student was Kiveh 12 hours in which to design "An International Gateway of Friendship." Plans were sent -to- New" York from every section of the country, and five of these will bo sent to the- f i n a l s in Paris. Mona has made- an outstanding record in his work in the architecture department, and hns won several prizes during his three years at tho University of Texas. * * * William Pcanlnn and Fred TVag- \ner of Brownsville, participating in 'the university i n t r a m u r a l handball t o u r n a m e n t , hnve won several h a r d b a l l matches, and arc strong bidders for tho f r a t e r n i t y championship. They represent Delta Sigma Phi fraternity. * * · Mrs. W. D. Glasscock of Mercedes visited her three daughters, Misses Margaret, Helen Jind Winona, at the Zeta Tnu Alpha soorrity house last week-end. * # * The university men's glee club will go on its annual spring tour I^. 11, it has been announced. ^Stanley Addington of Raymondville is one of the soloists of tho club. The club will give- concerts at I t u n t s v i l l e , Galveston, Orange, Port A r t h u r , Beaumont and Houston. * » * Sidney Lanier society met Wednesday, when :i r e c e n t book of II. G. W u l i s way reviewed. Miss Josephine Pollard of Harlingen, president of the organization, presided at the meeting. Corpus C. of C. To Beautify Bav Front, Chief Says C O R P U S CUiUSTI, Jan. 19.--Im- pruvL-ment nml be:tutificatiou of the Corpus C h r i s t i hayfront will be one of the ninjor objectives o£ the Corpus C'hru-ti Chamber of Commerce during Lhtr i'imh:; year, according to S. Muston N I X H J I , recently elected president of the o r g a n i z a t i o n \vho told the board of directors that he expected to set 1 ::ctual construction started on the project w i t h i n the coming six months. N'ison WHS elected president to succeed Mrs. Lorino Jones ypownts who h o i u i r J t h e chain In-r of c o m m e r c e Tor '/m: vu«.i twt years anil was one of :ht.' tYw women chamber of commerce x c M u t ' n t s in the United States. She a ill rt-mtiin on t h e board. Other of- ria-rs of tho organization for 1929 ire Oscar N u n , f i r s t vice president; H a l C o l l i n s , second vice president a n d David Peel, t r e a s u r e r . W. A, P:'iimir.s and I. M. Alexander were ilct'ted on the boitrd. Ralph Bradford who served ns Munairor of tho Corpus Christi Cham- « r of Commerce for the past five ;r'- and who recently resigned to _jEme assistant manager of: the · commercial organisation department of the 1 ' n i t o f t States Chamber of Com ni»·· rce :· t \V;!:? hi ncrton, made a detailed TO port of tho activities of the ortr:m::::\tion for the past five yeirrs. H* 1 expects to leave for Washington soon. No a c t i o n has Icon taken by the "board of directors of the chamber of commerce in rej.rnrd to f i l l i n g the vacancy c r e a t e d by tho resignation of Ralph Bradford as manager Of, the organisation. SEVEN SISTERS TROWBRIDGE, EHR.--The Rgcs o, seven living daughters of J. R. Moon total 539 years. They range froti 72 to 82. "Cabbage Capitals" of the Valley Growing Rapidly DESTRUCTION FALLEN FRUIT CUTS LOSSES Practically No Mold Or Rot in Transit During Season, la Report of Shippers DONNA, Jan. 19.--Destruction of fallen fruit has proved of material value to the citrus Industry of the Valley this year by practically eliminating mold or rot in shipments, according to local shippers. The Valley's markets for fruit have been extended this season from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and practically all fruit has arrived at destination in prime condition, shippers report. In former years the loss, from mold or rot in transit has been heavy. Credit for a. part of this decrease in loss in transit is given packers and shippers because of more improved methods of harvesting and treatment in the packing houses. A certain amount of credit is due the combinations of the newer spray materials that kill a few of the spores of the molds and rots so common in the Valley. But most credit for tre decrease in the percentage of fruit lost in transit is given Hhe federal inspection of groves. Quarantine regulations requiring the systematic destruction of fallen f r u i t in combating the Mexican infestation reoccurence is responsible for the destruction of thousands of fruits that would discharge millions of spores of the molds and rots into the air and soil beneath the trees, shippers state. These spores settle in tho soil and on the fruits and parts of the trees in the grove. When these fruits are burned or buried at least eighteen inches deep, as required by the federal quarantine regulations, these spores do not have opportunity to be released into the air to settle upon sound fruits. The spores when settled upon fruits find each bruise and break, and decay sets up as soon as sufficient spores locate and begin growth. Fruit that were sound enough to pass the skilled sorter on the grading belt will contain enough of these spores to cause its collapse before reaching the consumer at the. end. of., a long haul. " : ' - ' " ~ A very similar incident occurred in the peach industry a number of years ago when a large percentage of the peach orchards were rendered practically valueless until the growers began systematic destruction of all fallen fruit and spraying to control brown rot. In a like manner the systematic destruction of fallen citrus fruits required under the limited quarantine is helping-to gradually eliminate green and blue molds and brown rot from the citrus grove as one of the hazards' of shipping long distances. Proper spraying in connection with the clean-up methods_ required by the department of agriculture will in time practically remove this hazard entirely. URGERlOVAL OFHOSTTREES Commissioners Court Passes Resolution To Aid Cleanup Complete cleanup of secondary host fruit trees in Cameron county is recommended by the commissioners court, which this week passed a resolution urging residents of the county to support the movement inaugurated by federal inspectors to remove all trees which are designated by the department as secondary hosts for the Morelos fruit fly. Following is the text of the resolution: "Whereas this court recognizes that the prosperity and future development of this county rests upon the citrus fruit industry, more than any other single indus.try and that in order to preserve said industry it is necessary to give fullest cooperation to the state and federal government in the extermination f what is known ns the Morelos fly, and other insects and-pests. "Therefore be it resolved by the commissioners court of Cameron county, Texas, that said conrt goes on record as pledging fullest support to the officials of the state and federal government having 'charge of inspection and enforcement of the law relative to such pests, especially including the extermination of what is known as secondary host trees and to that end the citizenship oE Cameron county is especially urged and requested to givo such like cooperation by the imi ediate destruction of peach trees, guaVas and other secondary host trees and plants." COUNTRY HAS PLANES AHEAD OF MOTOR CARS BLUEFIELDS, Nicaragua, Jan. --M*)--Most of the inhabitants of this region have never seen an automobile, n railroad or even a rubher tired buggy, but they regard the airplane as commonplace. The United States marines ar« always -willing- to carry passengers whenever the seating capacity 'of their planes is not required for military purposes, and many 'Nic«r»- suans are taking advantage of the offer. The trip from Blaefielda to Managua requires three hours compared with seven 'day*, by bo«t and. horseback. SOUTH TO CELEBRATE FOUNDING OF FARM DEMONSTRATION WORK AT HOUSTON SOON rv Begun in the south 25 years ago to check the bolt weevil, cooperative farm demonstration work will be honored in a silver anniversary celebration at Houston, Texas, February 5 to 7. The smile of the modern farm club boy (inset) bears witness to success of the battle to protect cotton from the weevil. At the left is J. A. Evans, federal extension's assistant chief. Under his influence the two Hood county farm boys (above) hitched up their calf 18 years ago and went to work as the nation's first juvenile corn club. HOUSTON, Tex., Jan. 19.--(^)-From February 5 to 7 Houston and the south will celebrate the twenty- fifth anniversary of one of the most picturesque educational systems in the world--cooperative farm demonstrations. It was from this city that the first special agent fared forth in 1904 on a mission that now has expanded to more than a. million farm families. They went out to conduct u lone demonstration of better farming as a protection against the cotton boll weevil, but they laid the foundation ' for a practice which; with, state and federal aid, encompasses every phase of farm and .home life and is carried forward today by more than 2,300 county agricultural agents and more than 900 county home-demonstration agents. The story unfolds logically and rapidly. Sweeping up from the Mexican border in 1901 and 1902, the boll weevil devastated cotton, in Texas and threw the entire state into a panic. Citizens of Terrell, Texas, invited Dr. iSeaman A. Knapp, one of the country's foremost agriculturists to address' them. They had (Continued on page two.) Leeway in Paying Taxes; 'Buying Of Tax Cloutis This is the sixteenth of a series of articles prepared .by . the Na- . tional Association of Heal Estate;" Boards.and published-by this news-:. paper for the · information of its' readers on real estate matters.. A man ""Who^ owes -a'balance on-his piano is seldom -.given any grace- when the bill comes due. If he doesn't pay, -the. store takes back the instrument/even if he is giving a .party the same .day. But a man- who owes taxes on his.home in most states gets two. years to make good his delinquency, says the National Association of Eeal Estate Boards. Home; ownership , is so clearly recognized as advantageous to society as a whole that county governments give " the holder of: real estate greater leeway in the payment of taxes than he is given for the payment of any other .bills submit- ted'to him during-his-lifetime,, points out the association. , The statutes in the various states operate to help the home owner keep his property, even, when it falls' into the hands .of professional "tax buyers" who make a business of settling the bills 'of delinquent, property owners. It is interesting .for those unacquainted with this practice to know how tho "tax buyer" proceeds and how the law," by a" series of steps, gives the home owner every chance to remove even the participation of such "tax buyers" in his property. What happens when a "tax buyer" buys your taxes? The association quotes Mr. Ervin E. Barney, special tax attorney for the Chicago Title and Trust Co. (Chicago, 111.) an authority on this subject. Mr. Barney's -statement* ·have in mind the activities of "tax buyers" in the various states. Pay Promptly Pay your taxes ' promptly or someone else may pay -them, not to aid you but to place a-.liea on your property and thereby cloud your title, says Mr. Barney. Professional "tax buyers" operate in every part of the country and- the owner who falls into their hands cannot sell his property or borrow, monty on it until he redeems his holdings, which is usually a costly proceeding, states the. tax expert.. For example, titles are clouded in this way on more than 45,000 ipieces of property every year in Cook county, Illinois, says Mr. Barney. "Property : taxes are due onee · year in each state. Property owners are given a certain length of time to make payments, the time varying in tho different states. Owners who have not paid their taxes at the end of this period are declared delinquent and are penalized to much per month according to the statutes of the various .states. .At this period the county treasurer who is ex- officio county 1 .'collector, publishes a list of the delinquent tax payers and declares in this announcement that within-a certain time (varying in the different states) application will be made at the proper conrt for judgment. And here Is one place where the statutes in all state* were drawn to protect the interests · of the property owner to keep his property. , · Few 5t« Notice* "Bat, unfortunately, ' few people aver see the publication of anen lists as. they are printed in fane : type in the last pag» of newspapers. And this i»-on* of ti« r*«ion» wby_-th» property owner -himself shpuld be on the job and see that his ta^es are paid,.or this machinery is likely to start, against him without his knowledge. · ' . ; . . - . - · - . · "After such publication the delinquent owner is given another, breathing spell before" the tax "buyer can reach .'him. He', has from the time. of the. granting of the judgment to the time of .the actual 'tax sale' to pay his-taxes, and this period, varying in the different states, is usually a matter'of weeks. During this time the owner can still pay his taxes, together" with the monthly penalties described above provided by the statute. . . . , "It is at the tax sale the "tax'buy- ers' begin , their activities. The county treasurer, together with - the county clerk, offers for sale all properties upon which the taxes are delinquent at. that date. Tax buyers, make their money by adding,,to ·the sums due the county-and which they 'pay for '-the' delinquent owner", additional .penalties which must be paid to them by the property owner for release. .The "penalties.exacted, by the ,tax buyers are regulated in a l l states, . ' · ' ' . Tax Buyers For-example, the state of; Illinois permits a, tax buyer to ask a maximum of 12 per-cent /every six. months for a period-of two years from the owner whose tax bills he has paid. However, there is competition among the tax buyers and sometimes it is not possible for them to- secure the- maximum rates.. At the tax sale there- is competitive bidding among the tax buyers; if a property, thiis for sale for delinquent taxes looks good to a buyer, he may bid under the maximum, rate in order to try to.'get-the-property away from a competing tax buyer. The statute rate may be 12 per cent and one buyer may bid 12 per cent, another, bid 10 per cent, and another bid 7 per cent. The property goes at tax sale to the tax buyer making the lowest bid. In the .illustration used above, the tax buyer bidding seven per cent would get the property. This is another effort of the local governments to protect the property owned by giving a lien on his property to the tax buyer who will exact the least from him. "The statement, that the, property 'goes to the tax buyer* at a tax sale does not mean that the tax buyer gains possession of the property through this process, or'that he can' take it over and move out the owners. It means that the ' prop«r authorities wkill issue the tax buyer a -tax certificate which clouds the title to the property thereby hindering resale until this lien is removed and makes it impossible to put a mortgage on it or borrow money on it from, any reputable, bank or .broker. . ' . ...Tax Purchaser Gel*.Deed ' "If the property has not been-redeemed in the two year period (this period varying in length in the different states) tie tax purchaser is entitled, to-a tax deed, upon complying with certain provisions in the statutes, these provisions having to do with giving sufficient notice, etc., and varying inthe different states. _ "Now the tax buyer adds .new penalties to the bill lie hold* against the property owner which muet b* paid before he win releaie. hi* Hen on th« property (represented by the .taut d**d). In aoa* state* tier* u SHIPPERS GET QUIZ SHEET Division Seeks Full Information on Valley Citrus Fruit In order to determine all · facts relative to citrus fruit production and shipments from the Lower Eio Grande Valley questionnaires were sent out this week by W. E. Leigh, .representative of .-ther^f edeial division of standardization and. grads, to all Valley shippers of citrds fruits. Replies of the shippers will b* utilized in connection with the establishment of U. S. citrus -fruit grades for the Valley. t Shippers are requested to specify the varieties of grapefruit and oranges shipped, thickness of akin, size, general quality, and sizes packed. They also are requested to specify their brands and grades, together with .the defects permissable tinder their grades. This ( data will, be necessary i'n ·working out the grades, Mr. Leigh said, and if replies to the questionnaire are prompt he is confident that recommendations can be sent in to the head, of the division before .the last of the month. These recommendations will embody the general scope of the various grades, and after, .adjustment by the division of standardization and grades will-be established as the grades for' Valley fruit. . . . . The opinion, was' expressed by the division representative: that it might bo possible to secure establishment of the grades before the latter part of March, and if the- shipping season is extended to ' April 1, as now appears assured, they can be utilized on last of · the season shipments. This' is sought in order to give them a thorough try-out so that application of 'the U. S.' grades may be general' when the 1929-30 shipping season opens. ' 2CAMYS NEW GOVERNOR PLANS W TO BORDER (MS Matamoros to Entertain Tamaulipas Executive E a r l y In February Plans for construction of a highway between Matamoros and Tampico, via Victoria; development of the Brownsville ship channel and international airport, and promotion of agricultural development throughout northern Tamaulipas will be discussed by Matamoros and Brownsville representatives at a series of conferences with Governor Fian- cisco Castellanos,' Jr., of Tamaulipas, who will arrive in Matamoros early in February. Governor Castellanos, who succeeded Portes Gil, now president of tho Mexican republic, has not visited the northern part of the state since his appointment to the office. In messages to his friends in Matamoros he stated that he expects to spend four or five days in the city. The date of his arrival has not been definitely ascertained, but it i: understood that it will be about February 4. The new governor of Tamaulipas has announced that he is in full accord with the highway, educational and development policies of his predecessor, Portes Gil, which is construed as an indication that he will cooperate with Matamoros and Victoria in securing an extension of the Tampico-Vietoria highway, now un der construction, northward to Matamoros. He also has advocated an east and west highway to connect with the Mexican national highway south from Nuevo Laredo, ^to Mexico City, via Monterrey. A proposed northern highway in which he has evidenced considerable interest would -extend northwest from Monterrey through Ccrralvo, to connect with the American border highway .at Roma. Clearing of this highway, which would provide the Valley direct connections with Monterrey, Is now under way. In his message to the Tamaulipas legislature, Governor Castellanos pointed · out the possibilities of riculturat and livestock development in eastern and northern Tamaulipas. The trend of his message indicated that ho would look with ,favor upon any program 'that .would assure improvement of transportation facilities for that section, and thai; the revenues of the state should bis extended principally for that purpose and for construction of schools. Both Matamoros .'and Brownnville leaders are confident that the visit of Governor Castellanos to northern Tamaulipas will be followed by the announcement of policies of great importance in connection' with the development of that pait of the state. Work on Crossings Over Floodway to Start Soon - - MERCEDES, Jan. 17.--Two causeways, each approximately half ·"mile in length, will be constructed on the Mercedes tract by. Hidalgo county road district No. 1, work to start al an early date, according to plain of engineers.- · .- -. A. causeway .across^ the Arroyo "Colorado will be constructed on Mile 1-2 -east, approximately half a "mile southeast' of 'the Mercedes city limits This" will.'provide "connections .with the river road which connects 'with -the Cameron county - paving on., the military highway west of- Santa Maria. This highway has been gmr-\ eled and soon will be" ready for topping. . The other causeway will be across the north fleodway near Valencfa in the northern part of the tract It will be on Mile 15 1-2 north, beginning at a point approximately h»lf * mile "east of the base 'line highway. This -will-, provide- connections^ between the Hidalgo- an'd Cameron county* sections' of the new highway which parallels 'the Southern Pacific, extending, from hjghway No. 96 »t Combes through Santa Bos*, Edconch and Elsa to Edinbnrg. The 3. 1*2 miles between Hie Mercedes base.line indo the Cameron county line'has been graded and material li»i Men unloaded at La Villa and Valencia for the topping. i Both causeways will be constructed witb ereomUd pile, "w*«d flooring an* la-fill imftmmt*. -. - % ., SEE HARBOR BILL ACTION Organization Urges Passage at Present Session (Special to The Herald) WASHINGTON, Jan. 19.--An effort to secure passage of the pending river and harbor .bill during the present session of congress, despite the announced opposition of President Coolidge, has been launched by representatives of the National Rivers and Harbors Congress. Cooperation of the press^ waterways associations, commercial organizations and business leaders of the country in support of the waterway and harbor improvement program is being songh^ for the purpose of bringing sufficient Influence to bear to secure prompt action 'by congress. In his annual message to congress President Coolidge stated: "River and harbor work ordered by the congress not yet completed will cost about $243,000,000 besides the hundreds of millions to be spent on the Mississippi floodway. Until we can see our way out of this expense no further river and harbor legislation should be passed, as expenditures to put it into effect would be four or five years away." The estimate of $242,000,000 was made by th chief of engineers as of June 30, 1928, and, since the average annual expendituro for new work during the past five year*''has been more than ¥30,000,000, the amount today is some $15,000,000 less, or $228,000,000. It would seem reasonable that, if $263,000,000 did not prevent passage of a rivers and harbors bill in 1822, or $231,000,000 in 1927, $228,000,000 should not "do so in 1929, leaders state. Only two Texas items are carried in the pending bill--the Brazos Santiago project for which an . appropriation of $1,000,000 is recommended, and Port Aransas, for which $365,000 if- recommended. ON TRIAL NEWTOWNSON S' P. DEVEOP Society below the Bio Grande has been stirred by the trial of Mrs. Bernice Rush, American shop owner, in Mexico City, for the killing of Jenaro M. Benavente, a Spaniard, who is said to have defrauded her of $10,000. Benavente and Mrs. Rush are said to have been close' friends. TO DESIGNATE BROWNSVILLE BORDER PORT CATHOLICS IN MEXICO CONSIDER COMPROMISE MONTEKRET, Nuevo Leon, Mexico, Jan. li--VP)--A committee of Catholics has evolved a plan to reopen the churches of this city, which have remained closed sine* 1926 when the prUsti abandoned tfcaii protest again «t the national religious laws. Th* »%wJh!tte» has .petitioned th« ecclesiastic authorities in' Borne tat permission to reopen the churches wits lavratn UUnr chart* ft th* to vUe* *f ti« pricata. Airport of Entry To Be Established Here, Head of Aeronautics Division Declares (Special to The Herald) NEW YORK, Jan. 19.--Brownsville will be designated, as a port of entry in the extension of air traffic between the United States and Latin America, was the statement of Major Clarence M. Young, director of the aeronautics branch of the department. of . commerce, in a signed article in the New York Times. ; H**~8\aEed r Of at" other" ports of entry on the'Mexican border would be San Diego, El ·- Paso and Laredo. Designations will include Miami, Key West, Albany, New York, St. Paul, Seattle, Los Angeles and Detroit, the major said. Commenting' on the development of foreign air lines, he said: "Today there is an airplane service to Montreal, another to Havana and Porto Rico, one to Nassau and another to Panama. There' undoubtedly will be a service to Mexico City. The indications are it will be a joint .service, from Mexico City to Brownsville or Laredo, and then with an American service to Dallas connecting with the Chicago run. 1 Speed Develop* Business "No problems to speak of will b* found in international flying between the United States and Central and South America," Uajoi Young said. "The majority of the Central American countries have not established regulations. Some of the South -American countries have. Some are parties to the international convention of 191-9. "It takes, on the fastest train, five days and nights to cross the United States. The scheduled service for air mail is thirty-two hours. From Key West to Havana is ninety miles. By boat it is a six-hour trip. By airplane it takes one'hour. ,A steamship service to some of the Central and South American countries some times is measured by weeks. . By airplane, a" service 'is being made available that is measured by hours. "No transportation service that brings countries or communities closer together by from 75 to 100 per cent in point of time can fail to develop not only business tax themselves but also for the countries they serve. ' "That very situation arose rather definitely' in the Hawaiian Islands, where inter-communication has been by boat. It was.shown that an airplane service would bring them closer together by a 75 per cent saving of time over existing methods of transit. "That same possibility exists in, many Pan-American countries :-either of Central or South America, The longer the air line the greater is the apparent saving of time, and'! it multiplies when there is intervening water transportation to be considered, because water transportation is much lower than that by train. Becoming Indispensable "Air transportation has become a dominant factor in the general transportation scheme of the world, and it is -rapidly becoming as indispensable to farther industrial and social progreis as. is ' any other method of transportation. "Real business with adequate finances is back of aviation and nothing is going to retard its immediate development to the point where, it will be absolutely indispensable. "We continually read about aircraft accidents, tut here im this to B* said: Commercial aviation is transportation, whether of; mail,, passengers or express--just transportation. Nothing else. When it Is used for any other purpose and I have in mind smch things as acrobatic flying, nn- nsnal maneuvers, or flight bv inexperienced pilots, you could liken it to staring a .collision .between a couple of locomotives at a State fair. If you confine aviation to transportation it :\i t safe, speedy, reliable service. "The coming year undoubtedly will ·*· a greater public confidence in flying, because the public realice* Ik* safety step* that an being token to make aviation jost as practical a* any other tnniportatioa, an4 ' ' Truck Growing on Extensive Scale Provides Large Volume Of Shipments Cabbage capitals" It th» tern* often applied to the new towns on the Southern Pacific between Harlingen and Edinburg, and while the term is a misnomer in that cabbage comprises only a minor part of the shipments from their territories, it is indicative of the general production of the area the Valley line of the Southern Pacifie serves. lsa and Edouch, in the northern, part of the Mercedes tract are tk« capitals of a veritable empire of cabbage, beets, carrots and all other varieties of vegetables. At other Loading points and towns on the line citrus fruit forms at least part of the shipment, Snavely, near Harlingen holding the record of ovei SO cars shipped this season, which' places it among the Valley leaders, In Santa Rosa, Primers, La Villa, and La Blanca are also figuring prom- iently in shipping reports, and development of both the winter vegetable and fruit industries is proceeding at a rapid pace in their r«« spective territories. Though the towns along the Southern Pacific are less than three years of age, and did not figure inship- ping reports until last season, they already have assumed a position ol importance. Last year both Elsa and Edcouch were listed among the heaviest shipping points in th*, Lower Rio Grande Valley, Elsa gaining the distinction of shipping « greater variety of commodities than; any Valley point. Operate on Large Seal* In the vicinity of Elsa and Efl« couch winter vegetable farming op* erations are upon a more exten*iv*j scale -than in any part «f South! Texas. Truck "patches." ef 1M| acres or more in extent an common. The towns are centers of truck c*T* dens which eclipse in both extent and production the famous truck areas of Long Island, Almost as f»* as the eye can reach unbroken fields of vegetables extend in all directions, the light green of cabbag*: constrasting with the darker gree* of beets and carrots., Four large companies operating lit the vicinity of the. two towns supply; the major part of the shipment*. W, H. Vanning and company, a New York firm, has over 400 acres in truck crops, growing practical!* every variety indigenous to the V*l« ley soil. Jill Bros., who also hav* 1 headquarters in New York, a'r*. handling approximately «00 acres, and Richman and Samuels, with head* quarters at Weslaco, have approximately 500 acres planted. Jo* Byrnes,- one of the large operator* in that section, has 200 acres plant« ed. The greater part of the production is shipped direct to the New York markets, and the plantings are mad* to meet the market demands. Broccoli, anise, dandelions, practically unknown in this section up to thr** years ago, are produced and shipped in large quantities to supply the d*« mand of the New York market. These commodities, for which ther* is practically no demand outaid* tk« large centers of foreign population, have proved among- the most profit* able crops that can be produced, M the Valley production goes onto th« market at a time when it has ·)· competition. Expert* in Chare* Expert truck growers are to . charge of the acreage of the various companies, and the land ie forced to maximum production. All planting* are made with a view to getting onto the marekt at · time when competition in that particular commodity. is not heavvy. All lands ire ptt~ pared in a scientific manner; soil tests reveal the soil best adapted to the various varieties, and planting* are made in accordance. Where certain elements are lacking, they cr* supplied in the form of fertiliser. though very little fertilization is required. Cultivation is almost con- slant, and the volume of irrigation water is carefully checked at each irrigation to assure the proper amount. . The luult uf the application «· 6C:eutific methods is very apparent in both the quality and quantity of production. Cabbage, beets and ear* rots from these farms have the proper size and appearance to find favor in the eyes of the New York housewife. The broccoli and anise, most of which is consumed by the Italian population of New York, arrives at destination in prime condition *ad adds to the fame of Valley product* in that great consuming center. Tfc* hundreds of carlotds shipped oat of EI»a and Edcouch during the season to the New York markets hav* appreciably increased the demand fo» Valley products en those markets, due to the fart that the companies operating in the vicinity of these towns grow nothing but prim* vegetables and place only the highest quality on the markets. In the vicinity of La Villa, fa UM northern part of the Mercedes tact, extensive development is underway, and this town will also figure pr*»- inently in shipping figures befer* the close of the season. Hundreds of acres have been cleared and pro- pared for cotton planting this y*kr, ·nd a large part of the acreage in expected to go Into winter vegetable* next season. In all the Southern Pacifie tow** Additional shipping sheds are fcejnf erected to handle the increased "reduction. According to conservaur* estimates, with the exception of and Edcouch, the respective ritories of these towns are not : than 25 per cent developed, *al tM* season will witness a tremeadea* fn- cieaa* ia developed acreage* will add to the tonnage t* through their shipping sheds. In platting th« varion*

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