BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. XLVI—NO. 42 Blytheville Courier BlyUievlll* Daily Mew* Mississippi valley leader Blytlieville Herald TM DOMINANT N TO'S PAPER Of NORTMASfAgKAMSAB AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI RIA'TJIEVILLB, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, MAY 11, 1950- EIGHTEEN PACKS SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENT* | Truman Presses Fight For Power Projects 'resident Seeks WET WINNIPEG—Two "frog men" lest their equipment under flood conditions in Winnipeg, Man. The men, U. Earl Thompson (right of Vancouver, B. c., and U. Richard Titus (center) of Halifax, flew In from Nova Scotia in an R. C. A. F. plane. They will work in underwater demolition jobs from an amphibious DUKW, and assist in rescue work in the flood which has driven thousands from their homes. At right is a flooded street in downtown Winnipeg. Hundreds of blocks of this great prairie city lay under a shallow sea of muddy water and the flood threat appeared more serious today. The silt-laden water swirled through many streets, paralyzing communications and transport on the oulsikrt.s. (AP Wircnholos). Rail Walkout Wits Industry Auto and Steel Plants Feel Pinch of Firemen's Strike; Prospects of Early Settlement Still Dim CHICAGO, May 11. (AP)—A strike by railroad firemen against four major rail systems today threatened sharp cuts in many segments of the nation's industries. Prospects of an early settlement in the long dispute appeared dim. The crippling walkout, which started yesterday, directly involved only 18,000 firemen. But thousands of other rail workers—maybe as many as 200,000—may be idle if there is not a quick settlement. Countless other thousands are expected to be made idle by a long strike Some industries felt the impact of the firemen's work stoppage immediately and started curtailing operations. Some coal inines were mnoiig Ihe first to feel the eflcct of the strike called by the Brotherhood of Ijocomotive Firemen and En- f inemen. A third of the country's rail pa.s- s and a fifth of the rail freight jjem.V.; i;'., "clisiuvtiid. riu up caused cancellation of service on at least five other lines. Bus and airlines reported a big increase in business. Strike Called "Effective" The union claimed the strike was "completely effective." But there were reports of trains being operar ted on fame of the struck lines. The president of one struck carrier, the Southern Railway System, said, "we are running an increasing number of freight and pa.ssenger trains." The union struck to enforce demands for a second fireman on multiple unit Diesel locomotives and on small switch diesels now operated by a single engineer. A fireman and one engineer how operate the big Diesel locomotives. Federal mediators remained in Chicago—apparently at the request of the White House—but no further sessions with union or carrier officials were scheduled. In Detroit, the nation's automotive industry appeared facing severe cuts in production. Chrysler Corporation, which resumed operations this week after a long UAW strike, termed the situation "very serious". An official said operations would have to be cut sharply early next week. Ford and General Motors expressed similar concern Operations Cut g^Thc Fisher Flody Division of Gcn- WO Motors and the Midland Steel Products Co. in Cleveland started culting operations and laid off 5- Sce I1A1I, on I'agc 7 N. O. Cotton Oacn High Low close May 3231 3242 3230 3242 •Inly . ;'..,.. 3?51 3261 32-16 3261 Oct 3126 3133 .1120 Dee. . 3115 3122 ,1110 Mar 3120 3120 3117 3123 3117 3117 Law to Ban Rail s Urged •resent Act Fails to End Disputes WASHINGTON. May 11. yp^— A spokesman for the nation's railroads today urged passage of a bill banning rail strikes, saying they uose a greater threat to trie welfare of the country than walkout 1 : in any other Industry. The appeal was delivered on behalf of the Association of American Railroads by Daniel P. Loomis, chairman ot the Association of Western Railways, In testimony prepared for a Senate labor subcommittee. Loomis said that any rail strike "vitally affects Ihe public," adding: "A strike in no other Industry can so quickly and so thoroughly paralyze the nation and bring such disaster to its economy and general welfare nor work such havoc in its defense program or Its efforts In the world today." For 10 years. Ihe witness declared, the Railway Labor Act has proved unable to cope with mounting disputes. He blamed the rail unions saying they have consistently refused to accept the recommendations of presidential fact finding boards appointed under the act. Loomis noted that Congress passer) its first railroad labor legislation 62 years ago. and added: "The situation today and in the last 10 years lias been the worst in history since the first attempt of Congress to deal wilh railway labor dispute.-,." Flood Menace Continues in 3 Areas; 22 Dead Death Toll Boosted In Nebraska; 2,000 More Flee Winnipeg By Tlie Associalcd Press Floods continued to menace parts of North Dakota, Minnesota and Southern Manitoba today as the death toll in the flash floods that swept over Southeastern Nebraska mounted to '22. Search continued in Nebraska for the bodies of nine persons reported missing and presumed dead. Thirteen bodies had been recovered. As Headwaters receded, communities surveyed tlie damage, which was estimated at hundreds of .thousands of dollars. In Winnipeg, the flood situation .•vpen^ed more-serious. One-eighth of life''cil'y"bf some 350,000 population Twas under water. Muddy water. 'Muddy waters from the Red River and other streams poured out over ihore than 500 .square miles of Southern Manitoba. A train carrying 550 Winnipeg-bound :'• refugees was marooned by a track' washout near Winnipeg but rail officials sai dine- train was not endangered. 2,000 -More Leave More than 2,000 persons left Winnipeg in response lo an official appeal for the city's 200.000 .women and children to voluntarily move to less crowded points of safety. Officials were making plans for compulsory mass evacuation, if necessary. There were no casualties. The Red River rose only .23 feet in 24 hours at Grand Forks. N. D., and City Engineer A. F. Hulteng said he "hopes this is the crest." Four National Guard planes new over the Hood area seeking isolated cases of disaster. In Northeastern Minnesota, the community of Floodwood was 75 per cent flooded by the St. Louis River. At Minneapolis, City Engineer Hugo Enckson said the Mississippi River was at its highest level since 1881. However, he said the only concern immediately was for riverside utility installations. After two days of torrential rains, creeks and streams in eastern and south central Oklahoma spilled into at least seven communities and forced residents to flee their homes. Atom-Arming ot West Europe Considered — Plan toShareA-Bombs With Allies Discussed By Max Boyrf WASHINGTON, May 11. (AP)—U. S. military officials arc considering the idea that this country should arm its North Atlantic allies with atomic bombs. Discussions are In the preliminary*.stage, and Ihe military authorities are still far from a recommendation on which the President might base a proposal to Congress. The idea of placing atomic bombs within reach of Britain, Prance and other allies is being explored thoroughly, however, and military arguments arc developing both for and against it. Advocates contend that some way must be found to arm Western Europe faster and cheaper than Is possible with conventional weapons. They argue (hat the job must be done iii two'years, the earliest time by which it is estimated Russia may have a stockpile of atomic bombs adequate for k, major" blow in ait atomic war. The proposal for A-bomb sharing, friends of the idea say, calls for n revolutionary concept of Western defense. In brief, this concept calls for replacing many expensive ground troops in Europe with bombing groups supplied with large arsenals of light weight atom bombs. Advocates say such a plan could be put into effect quickly and at far less cost than conventional defenses, on which they argue Russia would like to see Ihe West spend its resources. The nearness of atomic snpplie.' also might deter the Russians froir launching an aggressive action, they contend. U.S. .military opponents of the plan argue: (U Atomic bombs would be safer and more certain of delivery li American hands. (2) Internal politics in some countries now allied with the Wes might throw them into the Com rmmisl camp. Or, in case of war s might hi f)]iii)3 to'fa! use agafnsi AmerlCTn' targets';' (31 Secret information a b o u I American atomic weapons turnci over to foreigners might leak tc Russia. Supporters of the bomb-slmrini idea- counter these objections bj contending that safeguards easll might be set up to prevent llu weapons falling into Russian hands either through political overturn: or Russian aggression. Sen. M'Carthy Promises Proof Of Charge Against U.S. Envoy Soybeans The floodwaters in -10 places. blocked highways V/eother Arkansas forecast: Considc: cloudiness wilh a few showers norlh and central portions this af-i, tcrncon. lonight!^ and Friday. Not much change I n tcnijicraturcs. O^Eissouri forc- w»st: Generally fair north, cloudy to partly cloudy south. Showers extreme southeast Friday morning. Clearing Friday High Low Close Ma > T '... 312 .105 V, M6><, J "'y 313!', 315 307',i-08 fov 221U- 2I7»; 2ia-19'.i Jan 222'i 218}> 220',i New York Cotton Open High Low close j Ml >y 3252 3259 3245 3253 I July 32f,5 3277 3J60 3277 i 001 ' 3135 3139 3128 3130 Dc c 3122 3125 3115 3124 Mar 3128 3130 3120 3127 =rab,e Promotion Activities for Elementary And Junior High Schools Announced SHOWERS except extreme southeast. Warmer Friday. Low tonight, 50-55 south; high Friday, middle 70's. Minimum this morning--.64. Maximum yesterday—83. Sunset today—0:52. Sunrise tomorrow -5:00. Precipitation 21 hours to 7 a.m. today—none. Total since ,Jan, 1—28.91. Mean temperature unldway be- Iwccn high and lowi—76. Normal mean for May—743. Tilts r».lc List Year Minimum this morning—50. Maximum yesterday-66. Precipitation Jan. ! to this date- Promotion activities for 1.975(vices, according to Shelby McCook. elementary students and 428 junior --'—•--• — * high students in the Blytheville School System were announced yeslrertay by Miss Winnie Virgil Turner, elementary supervisor, and Earl Nail, junior high school principal. Graduation services will highlight the junior high activities, while school picnics and promotion takes dominant spots on the elementary school schedule. A total of eight schools— Central. Clear Lake. Langc, Lone Oak, Number Nine. Promised Land, Sudbury and Yarbro — and SO teachers are In the elementary school included plans. On May 23. sixth grade students to be junior hi?h students next year will have a picnic at Walker Park, n May 23 at 8 p.m., M. L. Hart, principal at Number Nine, has a school program scheduled. The following night at 8 p.m. students in the Lone Oak graduating c!.i.vi will have graduatinj scr- principal. There are nine students to complete the eighth grade. Thirteen students will be graduated from the eighth grade at I he Promised Land school, on May 25. wllh Cothel Dulancy. principal, to conduct the program. All elementary schools will be dismissed on May 24 so teachers can complete records, report cards and book cards to be distributed on Ihe following day, marking the close of school. H. G. Partlow, prosecuting attorney. Is to be the principal speaker at Ihe Junior high graduation services to be conducted May 25 at the High School Gymnasium at 3 p.m. At this time, students outstanding in history, science, mathematics and English are to be recognized and . awards for achievement presented. Tlie graduates plan a skating party for May 19 us part of the closing activities. The Junior High WASHINGTON, May II. (,T>— A+ State Department denial of Senator McCarthy's "foreign agent" charge against an American envoy brought a McCarthy promise today to provide proof: "I can do It and I will do it at Ihe proper time." the Wisconsin Republican declared. McCarthy spoke out as members of a Senate Foreign Relations Committee Investigating his charges of Communism in the government arranged to return to the White House to continue their study of federal loyalty files. The study, started yesterday, covers the files of 81 persons McCarthy has accused of being Communists. Red sympathizers, or security risks on other grounds. Senator Tydings (D-Mtl). the committee chairman, estimated that It will take at least two weeks to complete the survey. McCarthy's charge that a United States minister to a European nation is a foreign agent was made in Wisconsin last Sunday. He did not name Ihe Individual, hut said the man is his case No. 2 among the 81 being studied by the inquiry committee. In outlining Ihe 81 cases to Ihc Senate last February. McCarthy said the envoy Is stationed at an Important listening post in Europe. and added that Ihc man had turn over material to Soviet agents. Late yesterday. Deputy Undersecretary of state John E. Pcurifoy told newsmen that so far as the State Department is concerned, "there is no evidence that would even remotely substantiate" McCarthy's charge. McCarthy also has contended that the envoy's flic In the department has been "raped"— that material missing from it. Pcurifoy dented that. He said he told the committee he Is ready to testify under oath that "there has been absolutely no tampering wllh the files." McCarthy "best answer issued by a School party. P.T.A. 1.5 sponsoring the countered that the to that is in a report Howe Appropriations Committee in 1947. He quoted the report as saying the FIJI had found that, as McCarthy put it, "apparently almost everyone and anyone in Ihc department has access to the files, removes material, and replaces it with very little regulation or control." Peurifiy said on the other hand that no one In the department has access to the loyalty records except those directly concerned with the security program. Two Students Tie For Valedictory Honor at Oscecla Two Osccola High School studenl tied for top scholastic honors fc: the 31 members of the 1950 gradual Ing class and were announced day as the co-valedictorians. 'Ilicy are Peggy Jen and Hetty Nellc Robbins. Francis King was named salutatorian and Wade Hart as another ranking honor student. The seniors are scheduled to get diplomas on May 19 when Dr. Lewis Webster Jones, president of the University of Arkansas, is scheduled to give the commencement address at the High School Auditorium. T'he Baccalaureate sermon will be Sunday at the First Methodist Church. The Rev. H. J. Councilman, pastor of the First Methodist Church, will present the sermon, with the Rev. w. J. Fitzhugh, rector for the Calvary Episcopal Church, will give the invocation and the Rev. L. T. Lawrence, pastor of the First Presbyterian Church, the benediction. The Osceola High School Olcc Club will provide special music. Classes for the Osceola schools are to be dismissed on May 26. Senior Class Officers are Jimmy •Shancyfelt. president; J. E. Jack, vice-president: PcKgy Jcu, secretary; Patsy Ami Dunn, treasurer; and Kalhcrlnr. Day. reporter. )evelopment of All Large Rivers Determined to Fight Against Their Use 'For Private Profit' Ily Krncsf II. Vacciira GRAND COU1,10E DAM, Wiish., May 1 1. (Al')— -Prcs- (lont Truman declared today n's (IctcriniiiiiLion to develop ow-co.sl public power on all -lie country's Ki'eaf; rivers and against iLs use "Cor private profit." "We IIHVC embarked, all ov- 3i- the country, on the task of fully developing our resources for all the people," lie said "And we shall have to con- JIHIC to overcome tlie opposi- ton of those who do not understand the greatness of oui goal, or who fear the impairment of their selfish interests "We will meet opposition from Ihe private power groups. Many of them—there are honorable exceptions, of course—do not want the energy at our rivers put to use as |K>wcr and sold to the people at cost." lilts Opposition The President spoke out sharply against the opposition ot private power companies to rural electrification and other local public gcneles constructing transmission lines tor the delivery and sale of power purchased at dam sites at cost. He said their opposition "I: wrong." The president laid down his public power development program Ir a , prepared address for dedication ceremonies at tlie site of Grand Coulee Dam, where the last lurbiin lias been cut In. He predicted ultimate congressional approval of the proposed Columbia Valley Administration to take over the operation of Grant Coulee and other power and reclamation projects in the valley "I believe the Columbia Vallej administration is a necessary lie* step In the sensible. Democratic development of the resources of the northwest," Mr. Truman said, believe the people of this area think so, too. "And when they make their voices heard. I am sure the Columbia Valley Administration will be cs ta Wished." Criticizes Private Firms The President said the privati power companies "would deny tin. people the benefits of low-cost pow er they themselves have brought about through public Investment. "We shall not be stopped by those who arc timid, or short-sighted or selfish.." he went on. "We shall not be stopped by discredited claims or by tattered slogans." The President added: "I am sure we will continue to overcome this opposition, just as we already have done in building Grand Coulee—just as the people already have done in Nebraska, in large parts of Washington and Oregon, and In other sections of the country, where they have decided to distribute power through public Truman Sees Politics In. Dispute over NLRB ABOARD TRUMAN TRAIN, May 10. WV-President Truman blamed Millies lonight for Congressional opposition lo his National Labor Re- iiUons Hoard icorRanljintlon plan. * In a Idler lo Vice President Bark- Icy made nubile nboard Ills special train, the President said the board should not continue lo operate as 'two-headed freak" with an independent general counsel. The President has proposed, In ncorgnntaalion Plan No. 12 now before Congress, that much of Ihc authority given the general counsel under Hie TafUHartlcy Act to initiate labor relations cases be transferred to the board's chairman. Robert N. nciiham, the present genera] counsel, often has been at odds with the board. Senator Talt m-Ohlo) has charged that the plan seeks lo accomplish Indirectly repeal of a portion of the Taft-llartley law which Congress has left untouched, despite the President's demands that it be wiped out. Tall has Indicated he will call up before the Senate tomorrow resolution disapproving the No, 1 plan. IJ 43 Senators vote to disapprove, the President's plan would be killed. Mr. Truman denied In his letter to Barkley that the controversy over the Toft-Hartley Ael Is at- fccted by the reorganization plan. "Plan twelve will correct an administratively unworkable organizational set and will put the procedures of the labor board In line with those If all the other Independent regulatory commissions," the President said. The Issues now Involved In consideration of plan twelve^ are not matters of personalities. Neither do they BO to the substance of the controversy over the Tart-Hartley Act, as opponent.'! of Plan Twelve have attempted to argue. "No group of men could effectively operate the two headed freak which the organization of the labor board now represents." Senate Fight Starts on NLRB Revision WASHINGTON, May II. (/!')—The Senate dug In today for a fight over whether to kill President Truman's plan depriving the general counsel of the National Labor relations board of his independent jiowcrs. Senator Tnfl (R-Ohlo). leading the battle against the reorganization proposal, predicted it would be dead, possibly by nightfall. By law, cither the Senate or House a- lonc can junk a reorganization plan, If a majority of its members vot« against the proposal. ' The NRLB plan would abolish the office of General Counsel Robert N. Dcdham and transfer his functions to the live-member board. Taft won an initial victory yesterday when the Senate voted, 50 to 22, to lay aside * motion to take up a Fair Employment Practices (FEPCi bill and to turn Instead to his resolution to dlsapprov* the reorganisation plan. 'Confession^ in Baltic Plane Incident Seen »>• O. Yatcs itlcl>aniel WASHINGTON, May 11. (/!•)— The united Slates won't be surprised If Moscow eventually produced an alleged confession from a crew member of the American Navy plane lost in the Baltic April 8. A government official In a position to know said this today on the basis of what he asserted to be American "knowledge" that Russia made prompt cfforls to salvage remnants of the plane and to pick up its 10 occupants, dead or alive. lie said also thai the O. S. "knows" the following facts, en- bodies and co-operatives. "The benefits of public Investment must be passed on to the people whose tax motley is being used. Those benefits must not be diverted for private profit. Al Half-Way I'oinl "We will continue to fight—and Kin—for that principle." The President stopped here at virtually the half-way point In his cross-country crusade for the "Fair Deal." He has been making what he calls a "report to the people" at -thistle stops all over the West and Middle West. Ho outlined at pcndlcton. Ore., last night a program of national development aimed at boosting the Income of poorer working families to $4.000 annually in 10 years. He said the-Income of those In the lower brackets can he doubled In "real money" and the nation's output of goods and services lifted I to $350,000,000,000 by 1960. Trademark Use By Company Here Is Ruled Illegal LITTLE ROCK, Ark.. May 11. tiV) — Federal Judge Thomas C. Trimble has ruled that Ihe trademark "Tom Sawyer" belongs exclusively to the Elder Manufacturing Co., St. Louis, maker of boys' wearing apparel. He held that use of the trademark by the Marlin Trenklc Co., Inc.. lilylhevlllc.. Ark., paint manufacturer. Is Illegal. The ruling was handed down yesterday. Trial of the case was held in U.S. District Court at Joncsboro last month. Blytheville Residents To Get Help on Filling Out State Tax Returns Blytheville residents who want assistance in preparing their slate Income tax returns, due a week from loday, will be able lo s>a help at the State Revenue Department office in City Hall this week. An auditor from the Income Tax Division of the State Revenue Department will be at the agency's office here tomorrow and Friday, lie will be available from 8:30 a.m. until 4:30 p.m. each day, according to Oscar Alexander of Blythcvillc, tcvcnuc Inspector for North Mississippi County. :Ircly apart from diplomatic Interpretations of Moscow's version of the Incident: (1) Pour Russian fighters opened fire from the rear ot Ihe slower noving American patrol plane; (2) The attack took place over the Baltic sea "more than 30 miles" from the coast of Russian occupied territory; (3) The plane was on fire befort it hit the water. This official said the government would not reveal how It got thla Information because It would give vital Information to Russia. He said he did not know whether the Russians had any success In finding the plane or Its occupants. He agreed with Navy officers who said yesterday that the chance of survival for any ot the crew members was "very remote." He recalled, however, that Communist authorities customarily wring confessions from political prisoners and foreigners Involved in incidents. Only this week, the Chinese Reds announced that they were freeing two American flyers, missing for nearly 19 months In North China, alter they had "confessed" to 'spy- Ing" on Red military Installations. American searchers, assisted by the Scandinavians, have found no trace of the Navy crewmen in the Haltlc and have picked up only secondary pieces of equipment of types the plane is known to have carried. New York Stocks Closing Quotations AT&T Amer Tobacco Anaconda Copper Beth Slccl Chrysler Cocoa Cola Gen Electric Gen Motors Montgomery Ward N Y Central Int Harvester .... National Distillers Republic Steel Radio Socony Vacuum ... Studebaker Standard of N j Texas Corp U S steel Scars Southern Pacific ., 158 3-8 7032 5-8 36 3-8 TO 1-4 155 49 5-8 81 1-2 . 58 3-4 61 1-8 23 1-8 22 3-8 33 1-8 19 3-4 . 18 3-8 33 73 1-4 68 32 45 53 3-4 East Arkansas Group Takes Gas Plea to /VUAAath LITTLK ROCK, May U. (AP) — Governor McMath loday a.ssured an Ean Arkansas delegation that the entire area will be served with natural gas at a reasonable rate. The se.vilon in the governor's of- llce was an echo of Ihe Monday night battle In Blytheville at which the Arkansas Missouri Power Company was given a franchise lo serve nlythcvllle with natural gas. The delegation, headed by James A. Hale of Marion, asked and received assurance from the ?overnor that all of East Arkansas would get ga.s at a reasonable rate, cither from Arkansas-Missouri, Ihc Mid- South Utilities Company or the Fort Smith Gas Company. 'Hie delegation contended that Blythevilie Is the key city tor expansion of natural gas bislrlbulion facilities to that section of Ihc state. They said that Arkansas- Missouri proposed to serve only Mississippi County and that Mid- South would not serve any area north of Wynne It could get the Blytheville franchise. Governor McMath said he had conferred earlier In !he morning wtih representatives of the thrc companies and had been assured that they would service the entire area. He said the Porl Smith Gas Company Is interested In what the delegation called "the black-out area" between Wynne and Missisippl County. The delegation also raised the ttuestion of rates and the governor declared flatly that the entire area would get ga.i at a reasonable rate. He faici Ihe Public Service Commis- sion would not grant a certificate of convenience and necessity to any company whtch plans merely lo "skim olf the cream" and leave some of the other areas unserved. He said, however, that the Public Service Commission could make no decision until something was before it formally. The East Arkansas group then agreed that It would be up to them to expedite the filing of an application in order that the commission would have Jurisdiction of the question.
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