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FRTDAY, APKTL 25, 1952 Board of Education Says Local School District's Must Provide Equal Facilities BLYTHBVmLB (ARK.) COUNTER NEWS LITTLE HOCK —The Arkansas Board of Education says local •chool districts are responsible for working out the equalization of white and Negro schools. In other action at a special meeting hero yesterday, the Board also relaxed its qualifications (or renewal of teaching certificates. On Ihe equalization question, the Board admitted that the problem of equal educational facilities "Is primarily financial." But the group offered no solution to that phase. It- adopted a statement of policy. school districts — with two exceptions. The Beard offered to make members of the education department staff available for consultation, and to actively support any legislation ''indicated to achieve equal facilities and opportunities." Recommendations Maiig The Board recommended that all local school boards, officials and patrons co-operate to develop a ann oli . e comprehensive plan to provide for o£ teacher the "attainment of the goal of equal facilities snrt opportunities not 68." It also advised that tho goal of equal salaries for teachers should be attained not later than the school year 195-i-55. Equality was defined by the board to include physical facilities, financial resources, length of term textbooks ami other instructional supplies and equipment, transportation 10 auujjicu a MBieincni 01 poncy. lacmties ann opportunities not The board did leaving the problem to the local later than the school year of 1955- lawsuits pending In federal court = - concerning segregation in Arkan- Arkansas Nen* 1D ~ : - £ - —— ™-~tor- Brief s— Judge Lifts Injunction to Okay Peaceful Picketing of WU By The Associated Press FT. SMITH— Peaceful picketing of the Western Union office here has been resumed following lifting of an anil-picketing injunction by Chancellor C. M. Wofford. Chancellor Wofford, who issued the injunction against Local 5 of the AFI., Commercial Telegraphers' Union Wednesday, modified the order yesterday to allow "peaceful picketing in accordance with the law." The injunction. was issued on petition of Western Union following a picket line altercation between a striker and a non-striking employe, Both were arrested, charged with assault and freed on bond. "Legal, peaceful picketing has been our policy all along," C. T. Anderson, vice president of Local 5,, said. He said Chancellor Wofford's action "vindicated the strikers." Joe R. Vestal, manager of the Ft. Smith office, said picketing was all right with him as long as it was peaceful. Senate Confirms Arkansan for Point Four WASHINGTON—The nomination of Stanley Andrews or Arkansas as technical co-operation administrator was confirmed by the Senate without opposition yesterday. S«n. Fulbriglit (D-Ark) told the Senate that the former Arkansas newspaperman, chief food advisor to Gen. Lucius Clay, during the Berlin Airlift crisis, "is a man of great character and unusual ability with a wide knowledge of foreign affairs." Andrews will have charge of the "Point Four" program which -ives technical assistance to under-developed areas of the world. Pen Am Workers Vote to Join Oil Strike EL DORADO — Efforts to stop Pan Am Southern Corporation workers here from Joining a nationwide oil strike, slated fnr Aprji 30 were unsuccessful in two conferences held here yesterday Representatives of the Mo Oil Workers International Union and Lion OH company will meet today in an effort to agree on oav schedules. ' The April 30 walkout date was set after two oil companies refused to participate in a hearing on the Oil Workers dispute-principally based on pay matters. Big Hunt On for Jail Breakers Who Used 'Spoon, Mop Handle' FT. SMITH. Ark. Ifi •pread hunt was on today for two prisoners who blutfed their way out of the Sebastian County jail with a spoon and B mop handle Convicted Bandit Leroy (Peck) Murray of Ft. Smith, and Thomas H. Windsor of Texarkana, Ark escaped from the jail on the fifth floor of the courthouse last night. Sheriff Prentice Maddux said Murray was awaiting transfer to Ihe state penintentiary to begin serving 10 years for the armed robbery o( a liquor store here. He said Windsor was jailed yesterday on a federal charge of transporting a stolen automobile across a state line. Tile break occurred as the prisoners were being marched to their cells before lights out about 9:« p.m. Sheriff Maddux said the escape happened this way: Murray and Windsor hung back A wide- toward the end Negro Admits Crime String NORTH LITTLE ROCK. Ark. ffl>> —Police say a 2-1-year-old North Little Rock Negro has admitted two robberies, an attempted robbery and two kidllapings here. He is George Scales, an employe of a Little Rock milling firm. Prosecutor Tom Dou-nie said charges of armed robbery and kid- naping w-ni be filed against Scales. Police Chief Jack Pyle said yesterday after he hart forced a Webb f i City. Mo., motorist to drive him out of town, where he robbed the motorist of $100. of the line of prisoners. As they reached the cell both advanced on Night Jailer Charlie Myers. Myers surrendered to the men because, he thought they were armed with a knife and a club. The weapons turned out to be a spoon and a mop handle „ ...v.^, ..t.nun,. li-iug sain u]u wnoiesaie The prisoners forced Myers to probably was sponsored by take them in an elevator to the "liberal" elements which won third floor of the building and unlock the elevator door leading to the corridor. fled before the jailer could ge to the sheriffs ofric'e on'the firs floor of the courthouse. Iran Says Deal Set For U.S. Aid on Oil TEHRAN. Iran M>/—Authoritative sources said today Premier Mohammed Mossadegh's government and the United States have asrced on terms for resuming U.S. military aid to strategic, oil-rich Iran. Aid was suspended early in Janu. ary because Mossadegh refused to sign a contract containing six commitments tying Iran to co-operation with the West, as provided— under the U.S. Mutual Security act. facilities, salaries'of teachers other personnel and the level icher training. Lawsuits Not Mentioned The board did not mention three . - ney Harold Flowers filed the suits in' an attempt to end segregation However, Ert McCuiston, Education Department director of Negro education, said that inequality was not entirely a racial problem. He said that there is more inequality of education among white students than among Negroes. He cited differences in the salaries of white teachers In Washington county and snid: "It's just a matter of how wealthy a district happens to be." McCuiston said more than 15 million doilars would be needed to bring buildings and other physical properties in the Negro schools up to the level of white schools. He added that 4.8 million dollars would have to be spent each year for operational expenses. Qualifications Rc-Formed The teacher certificate renewal qualifications were re-formed to place the emphasis on experience rather than college training A teacher with a bachelor's degree may obtain a renewal if he completed at least three years' teaching experience on the old certificate. Or. If he had taught "successfully" In the year prior to expiration of the certificate renewal could be obtained. Certificates issued before Jan !, 1950 to teachers with less than a bachelor's degree also may be renewed under those conditions. Previously, teachers had to complete at, least six additional college hours to renew a certificate. The board also appointed Ralph McNeil, former superintendent of schools at Piggott, to a one-year term ns supervisor in the Division of Rural Construction. He succeeds Ralph Trice. Hot Springs' 'Open Town' Group Moves HOT SPRINGS. Ark. lift — The "open town" segment of Hot Springs may attempt to lake over _the Garland County - Democratic Central Committee. Committee Chairman Jacob King said today that 40 candidates have filed for places on the Committee, which has been under the control of remnants of the GI group formerly headed by Gov. McMath. Roy C. Kaei, county clerk during the Leo P. Mclaughlin reign in Garland county, filed the pledge cards for the candidates. Mclaughlin was defeated by the GI faction in the party in 1948. King said the wholesale filing the some of the Gl-held posts in 1950. Although McLaughlin has said he would seek the office of prosecut- — ...... »vuuiu sees me oiuce ol prosecut- They left Myers unharmed and ln S attorney on the "independent" ticket this year, there is no indication he is connected with the "liberals" attempting to gain control of the county committee. Convoy City Treasurer Dies at His Home CONWAY, Ark. «>)-R.A. Nowell. Conway city treasurer and bank teller, died at his home here last nighb. He was 56. Survivors Include his widow, a daughter, a son and two sisters. The Order of the Good Time, one of the firt social clubs in America, was organized by the explorer Champlain to cheer his men during tr.c winter of 1GOG-07. Petition Says Negroes Denied College Entrance TEXARKANA W» _ A peutjon ' charging that Negro students have i been denied entrance Into Tcxir- ! kana Collese here because of their race has been filed In Federal court. The petition charges that Negroes' are being denied their constitution- i al rights. There are (our "aerial rivers" which channel a majority of all migrating birds: The Atlantic Flyway the Mississippi, the Central and the Pacific. Hi« popular prita tH* miflions piyl WORLD'S UftSEST SELUR AT lOc St.Joseph CMDRFjfP SUOSffH • HSFKH- TODAY'S DRESFUS SPECIAL ROYAL RUBY. 9-PIECE SALAD BOWL SET Eight Howls, 5 '4 Inches Diamcler One Serving Bowl 10 Inches in Diameter CHARGE IT OREiFts ONLY THUBH CHINESE WOMEN SPROUT WINCS-Chu Teh, commander-in-chicf of Red China's air force " seems very hnppy as he :s flanked by women pilots who arc reported to be Hie first In China's air force. Ihe picture was taken at a Peking airfield during a ceremony to celebrate International Women's Day. . ' Speck Sap Ike' Drive to Go On But- He Concedes Majority of State To Be for Sen. Taft LITTLE ROCK. Ark. UP, — An Eisenhower leader conceded as Arkansas Republicans met here today that apparently a majority of the delegates to the state convention are going to be pro-Tuft. Nevertheless, Jeff Speck of 1 Frenchman's Bayou declared that supporters ot Gen. Dwieht Eisenhower for the Republican presidential nomination were going ahead with plans to try to capture all or some of the state's four natlolial delegales-at-large for their man. Speck said he based his estimate of .the strength of Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio on "what I've seen at the congressional district conventions and what I know of the sen- timent of some of those who'll be at the slate convention." Taft is to deliver the keynote speech tonight to Ihe convention, which opened formally at noon (CST)^ Arkansas will have 11 votes at the National Convention. Pacific Crossing Plan Made by Old Sailor SAN PEDRO, Calif, ffi — For John Caldwell. currently preparing the 36-foot ketch. Tropic Seas, for a voyage to Australia, this will be nothing new. In 1046 he made Ihe (rip from Panama to Australia in a 29-foot sailboat to pick up his war bride. The sale of his book. "Desperate Voyage," about that trip is making this one possible. His crew this time will be his blonde wife. Mary, and their two sons. Johnnie, 4'.i. and Steve 16 months. Caldwell figures the 6 000- mile trip will take a year so he !s providing plenty of ham and eggs and books. There are at least 69 different kinds of salt. Little Rock Base Bill Near'Hill' WASHINGTON Iff) _ A bill authorizing a jet bomber base at Little Rock may be submitted to Congress by the Defense Department according to Rep. Brooks Hays (D- Ark). Hays said the bill will probably Include several other military construction projects which the department seeks authority to build. "But," Hays said, "in the economy mood Congress is in It might not approve large expenditures for these projects." Ouochita County Unit Votes Wet in Election CAMDEN, Ark. W>) _ Jefferson Township in OuachlU County yesterday voted wet in a local option election. The township, one of two wet sections of the county, has (our beer outlets. The vote was 66-30. Read Courier News classified Ate. Junior High Students Learn Care and Repair of Books By JIUTII I.EK (School Correspondent) Learning the craft of bookbinding recently netted a group of 42 seventh and eighth graders at Junior High School a valuable exercise in what John Dcwcy calls "learning by doing." They got a lesson en the proper care ol books and Scout merit badges as well. Miss Clelfa Rogers, who came to Junior High School last lull as [»11 time librarian, was instructor for tho bookbinding classes which were an outgrowth of a cooperative arrangement between the librarian and the children's Scout leaders. Each child who enrolled In the classes, which were scheduled during their .study periods, went through the entire bookbinding process, most of them doing "splendid work" Miss Rogers reports. Most of them worked on tc-xtbcoks. One of the first stops to learn was the use of certain technical terms such as "half binding" and "whole binding." Books recently bound by Miss Rogers were models for the children's work. Among the 32 hoys who participated In this project was Paul Westbrcok who did a "wonderful job" redoing his Boy Scout Handbook, turning it into t hard-backed book, the librarian says. Binding and repairing books helped these youngsters develop a better appreciation for books, Miss Rogers feels, and also Increased specific knowledge of the parts of a hook such as the fly leaf and title page. After putting the books to- ge'.her, the children will probably take better care of them, she believes. This Is just one of the projects on which Miss Rogers has spent her t-lmc since coining to BlythevilLs last fall. She Is looking forward to moving next fall Into the present high school building where she will have more space. Junior High's library currently includes some 1,000 books which she and her staff of student workers have been busy getting Into good shape. Since the 1951-1952 school year began, she has been able to spend $600 O r $700 on books. Among her student assistants ar» Jimmy Graves, Freddie Smith, Mary Jo Tijdder, Joy Ann Eagan, Virginia Darby, Pat Willmgham. Harold Sweet, Zetha Fisher, Delia Vernon, Omega Alexander and Mary Pauline Moore. Miss Rogers plans to return to niythevillc next fall alter spending the summer at George Peabody College for Teachers in Nashville, where she will receive her master's degree in library science in August. A native of Jonesboro, she holds a bachelor's degree from Arkansas SUite College. Before Joining the teaching staff of the Blytheville schools, she held teaching positions in Lake City and Jonesboro. A Special Message For All Car Owners! All our regular services are available to you morning, noon and night ... 24 hotisr every day. Whatever your car needs . . . washing, greasing, oil change can be clone just by picking up your telephone. 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