The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on December 2, 1950 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Saturday, December 2, 1950
Page 1
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER Of NORTHEA ST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL: xr,vi— NO. 219 Blytheville Dally K Blythevllle Courier Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLA'THEV1U,B, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, OKCBMBER 2, 1950 KIGHT PAGES BINGLK COPIES FIVE CENTS CHINESE REDS SURGE TOWARD PYONGYANG RUBBER FOK 11 ED CHINA—This is part of a shipment of 75C tons of scrap rubber tires consigned to Taku Bar and Tientsin In Rec China and Hong Kong and Manila, shown "at San Francisco, Calif. Uncle 1 new customs regulation the tires must be stripped before they cai shipped out. This work has not yet started. (AP Wlrephoto). pproval of Added Defense Fund Seen Congress Appears Ready to Grant .17,850,000,000 Asked by Truman WASHINGTON, Dec. 2. (AP)—Congress appeared rea iftoday to pump another $17,850,000,000 into the nation! tense effort to help check what President Truman calle imperialist designs "of the Soviet Union." ardly had the President naked* ;*{• the money yesterday when the oirse Appropriations Committee jtarled 'hearings. At the end of the first of prob- [hly 10 days'.of. hearings, commit- J.S. Set to Disclose UN Action It Wants Against Red China NEW YORK, Dec. 2. (AP)—The United States prob- ibly will disclose late today, a delegation spokesman said list what action it wants the United Nations to take against the Chinese Communists. Secret negotiations are going on, 2 revealed, between the U. B. delegation to the U. N. on one hand and Security Council members plus hose countries which have contributed to the fighting In Korea, on he oilier, Russia has not been consulted, he said, and neither has the Chinese Communist delegation headed by Gen. Wu Ilsiu-chuan. It is known, however, that India's Sir Bengal N. Ran met yesterday with Wu. Rau said nothing was accomplished at the meeting, but it believed he is continuing his ChamberGroup To Talk with Industrialists Four Blytheville Chamber oJ Commerce representatives were .scheduled to leave by air this morning to contact eastern industrial executives interested In locating p!anls in Blylhcville. The men, Chamber President Alvln Huffman, Jr., Mux B. Logan, E. B. Thomas and Secrretary- Manager Worth D. Holder, also are to confer with members of Arkansas* Congressional delegation in Washington, D.G. The BIythcvlHc group, is to return sometime next week. House Committees Clear Path /A Lop KepUbhran summed up U e li'mittep attitude 'this way luts a lot of money nd its go i to mean heavier taxes for ev' ^ody but we just cant take any t ince» .now. It would cost much Jire to lose the \vur." . • 'inhere, was little early inclination try lo trim the new military jlget, which would boost to ,und' $42,000,000,000 'thV funds ap- Ipriated by Congress Eor nation- lefeKse for the year ending next iie 30. More May Be Needed Tin fact, some influential House {members said the new amount /might not be enough and more may I be needed later. AH but $1.050,000,000 of the nev, fund would be given to the Army the Navy, the Air Force and the Marine Corps to buy mainly airplanes, tanks and guns. The $1,050,000,000 was earmarked for the Atomic Energy Commission to expand Us atom bomb production capacity. Congressional leaders mentioned [ec. 21 as a possible deadline (or ;e of the .bill. The Senate Appropriations Committee arranged to start hearings Monday, questioning .-witnesses as quickly as the House Committee finishes with them. Rep. Mahon (D-Tex>, who is conducting the House hearings, told newsmen the committee received yesterday only an overall report on the tense international situation. The details, he said, will be provid- Sce DEFENSE on i'agc S tax bill President Tr:)ma7i had asked $4,000,000,000 from this source. The Ways .and-Means Committee and the Rules Committee gave the measure approval yesterday. The House \vill dobate it Monday will a final vote set for Tuesday. House leaders, spurred by Preside^) t Truman's budget request for new defense, revenues, were ready Weother Arkansas forecast: A few scattered showers this afternoon and CO1,I>KK ifght. Colder tonight. Lowest temperatures 26 to 34 in northwest portion. Sunday, partly cloudy and colder. Missouri forecast: Cloudy and decidedly colder tonight, few snow flurries extreme north portions. Low tonight, 30 southeast. Sunday, partly cloudy and quite cold high, 35-40 south portions, Minimum this morning—53. Maximum yesterday—73. Sunset today—4:49. Sunrise tomorrow—6:50. Precipitation 24 hours to 7 a.m today—none. Total since Jan, I—5D.54. Mean temperature (midway tween high and low)-63. Normal mean temperature December—41.9. This Date f,asl Year Dec Minimum tnis morning— 29. Mch Maximum yesterday —G3. May Precipitation Jan. I to this date Jly -si.ofl. . joct x.;;,; Election Brings W. Berlin Alert Armed Police Called Up to Meet Threat Of Red Violence BERLIN, Dec. 1. <AP> — West Berlin's strongly-armed police force went on a special alert today to guard against threatened Communist violence in the city election beginning at midnight. Police Chief Johannes Stumm, with 138,000 men under his command, ordered motorized riot squads concentrated at key stations in the allied sectors, as West Bcrliners prepared to elect a municipal government for the next four years, Officials forecast scattered nui- ance demonstrations by small ;roups of Red agents. Police riot ;qnads were ready to handle them vith night sticks and, if necessary .ear gns and fire hoses. Thirty more Red agitators were irrested during (he night, raising the week's haul to 240. Meanwhile, the allies ordered ihcir personnel to stay away from the polls tomorrow, or face stif [jcnalties. Tolls Off Vimits I American. British and French of 'icinls agreed that the polls shoul- "off limits" to their people tc demonstrate that West Berlin ha. a genuinely free election. They alsi sought to forestall any Red outer; lhat Western volcrs were being co creed. A special polling station In each of West Berlin's 12 districts wil be open from midnight until 7 a.m Sunday because the CommunlsU are forcing nearly 100.000 West Bcr liners lo work an extra shift 1 eastern industries during the regu lar voting hours from 8 a.m. to p.m. Sunday. Western officials also will provld extra ballots to West Berliners wh have been ordered by their Re employers to hand over Iheir bai tots as proof they boycotted tb polish This will be the first election I Berlin to be conducted entirely the Germans under their own rule since the war. rush the tax measure to Ihe Sen e in time for action there bcfor ic present Congress expires Jan. : Republicans opposed to the mcas re described it as a "pig in a poke n d unworkable. Admmistratio emocrats called it 'a Icgialatu list. The tax-writ ing Senate Financ ommittee begins hearings Monda n similar legislation. It, took tY OIISD Ways and Means CoinmUle vo weeks and two days to complet ction on their bill. Prospects of Senate 'passage, neve cry bright, appeared better, bu lot depended on how fust th Ihance Committee could bring bill. Senator Millikin (R-Colo) sai he Korean crisis and new defcns eeds might speed up Conyrcs.sion; ction. The House bill would levy a ' 2r cent "excess" profits lax c orporate earnings above 85 p ent of "normal'' earnings Norm timings would be computed I aking an average of a firm's uc hrce years during the period 046-49. The bill also imposes a ceiling of 7 per cent on any'corporation's fecl- ral tax liability. It limits the gov- rnment's total collections from all axes to no more than 6T per cent f a corporation's earnings. N. O. Cotton High Low Close , 42.-JO 42.10,42.10 42.32 41.94 41.94-9 . 41.85 41.37 41388 . 41.22 IQ.fcG 40.86 . 37.28 36.09 37.00 efforts to convince the Peipin government that n peaceful with drawal from Korea would ba in II own interest. India, as a Security Council member, is one of th" country's whose views the U. S. has sought. No One Talkinj The put'pose of the locked-door talks is to try to reach agreement i a resolution for presentation to :e Assembly whtcli is /certain of iproval by most countries outside ie Soviet bloc. Veteran observers here were nnxcd at tin tight-lipped silence aintained by the participants and iuld recall no past occasion when caks" were so few. They fltlribut- this to the extreme gravity of world situation which m:\ke Ihe sually garrulous diplomats afraid lat un imconsldered word might iuch off the fires of war. "Never efore," saitt one, "has so little ecu said about, so much by so any." The American spokesman eiu- hnslzcd that the U. S. was sin- erely trying to get the frank opin- of other countries about the .Illation ami was by no means rying to force Washington's views n them. Just what these views are he efused to say, but declared they •uuid be made public later unless ncre are unforseen complications I an international level. "Enforcement" Eyed The ambassador irom one coun- ry, which bus made a substantial ontribut;on to the fighting forces Korea, predicted that: 1. •The Assembly would fce asked condemn the Reds as aggressors and request them to withdraw. 2. If they fail to comply—and If he first .resolution"-was'passed with in impressive majority—the, assembly would be asked to recommend hnl U. N. members use their mil- tary units to enforce compliance. Under this second possible resolu- ion Gen. MacArthur would have he implied authority to take whatever steps he considered necessary to end the" Chinese Com- list menace to U- M. forces now fighting in Korea. It is not known if these arc the American views now being discussed secretly with other countries. ?*>tr':r %.'•»?%'* ' >/ V,*; T "4- **' > , '„ '^V-. r • •>> j '*L.*" **', * ^ UN* TROOPS RKTKEAT —United Nations troops, ninny of them unarmed, retreat along railroad tracks north oi Kunu before the advance of hordes of Chinese'Communist troops In North Korea. Tins picture was made by James Prlngle, Associated Press Staff photographer. (AP wirephofco via radio from Tokyo). M Arthur May Have to Fight It Out "With Only Few Reenforcements WASHINGTON, Dec. 2. (AP)—Informed Senators said today that Gen. Douglas MacArthur apparently is going to have to fight out the present critical stages of the Korean Foe Said 25 Miles from Old Capital M'ArthurSays 'Undeclared War 1 Exists TOKYO, Dec. 2. (AP) — Chinese forces surged southward tonight in an enveloping Red tide oii'Uie approaches lo,Pyongyang. One Red manpower mass was reported within 25 miles of the gravely threatened city. H Is the only cnpllal lhat ever had been liberated from Communism. Pyongyang was the Red Korean government seal' until It was laken over by united Nations forces Oct. 20, Genera! MacArElnlr warned that tlio situation In all North Korea wns growing more critical by the hour (or the nlllcs. 'But It Is not hopeless, he said. The Chinese hay: thrown a half- illlion well armed troops Into Ko•ea for their offensive against the United Nations forces, .MacArthur." war without any sizeable rcenforcemenls. Chinese Delegate Meets with Lie Conference Believed Aimed at Attempt To Solve War Crisis 9 Catholic Churchmen Convicted by Czechs PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia, Dec. 2. (/!*)—Nine Roman Catholic churchmen—Including a bishop and l\vo abbots—were convicted of espionage. and high treason today in mi alleged Vatican plot lo overthrow Czechoslovakia's government. The, accused, who had joined the*. '\. prosecution in condemning the | Vatican as a spy center for American capitalism, received se'Men- c'as 'ranging from IQ, years to Ufc imprisonment. '-*""" A seven-judge PrnKi'fu state court, meeting in gloomy Pankrac Prison, Imposed the life term on Benedictine Abbot Jan Opasck of Prague's Brcvnov" Monastery. In addition, the 37-year-old cleric was fined 100,000 crowns (about, $1!,OQO>. Suffragan Bishop Slnmslav Ztla.. 57. vicar general of oiomouc Archdiocese, was sentenced to *25 year imp'risoiimcnt and fined 100,000 crowns. The court decreed a 20-year term and a 50,000-crown fine for Prcmonstratc Abbot Stantslav Jtir- ollmek, 50, of the SUahov Monastery in Prague. The defendants faced the tribunal slightly bowed during sentenc- no outward signs of lousing Project Gas Contract Let Weis Butane to Supply Chickasaw Courts at 'Prevailing Rate' Weis Butane Gas Blytheville has been Company of awarded the contract for supplying gas lo the Chickasaw Courts low-rent housing area of the Blylhcville Housing Authority. Housing Authoritj Executive Secretary J. Moll Brooks said a five- year contract was let yesterday It provided that Wets will supply gas "at the prevailing rate." The contract, he said, must be approved by the regional Public Housing Authority office In Ft Worth. Tex. Cancellation Clause Included in the contract, In pointed out, is a cancellation clause which will void the agreement In case natural Ras )s made available within the next five years. An underground, distribution system will bring the gas to the individual units. The gas, Mr. Brook-' said, will be pumped dircctlv (ron the Weis plant to the project's dis trlbutlon system. Mr. Brooks said the local hons ing authority expects the 80' nous NEW YORK, Dec. 2. (>!>>—Chinese Delegate Chen Chiao conferred for half an hour this morning with United Nations Secretary General Trygvc Lie, apparently in connection with Lie's efforts to find a solution of the Korean crisis. This development came E\S U. 3. clegate Warren R. Austin flew to Vashlnglon to report results of ecrct allied parleys to Secretary f State Dean Acheson. Austin md his deputy, Ernest A. Gross, eft New York at 8:30 a.m. EST. Lie's executive assistant, Andrew sonJicr, said there would be more neeling.s with the Chinese Reds nd lhat these conferences would nke place "before the end of next week." He refused to say what hey would concern, but it is known bat Lie Is working hard on Ihe tor can problem. Immediately after Chen left, R.US- v's Jacob A. Malik rushed up and went into a whispered huddle with Austin's flight to Washington U jelicvcd connected with the ant paled disclosure of j«s>t what action the U. S. wants the United Na:ions to take against the Chinese \s. A spokesman said earlier that U.S. policy prrbably would be made Known late today. ing and gave emotion. The convicted clerics were asked whether they planned to appeal. Each conferred briefly with his attorney. Then took Lhc witness stand to say he accepted the Judgment All nine hud cooperated wStl the prosecution. They confessed to the charges against them and declared Ihcir repentance—asserting that the church nefrarchy had Ice icm into anti-state activities. i Defense lawyers conceded their | Icnts' "guilt but stressed extcnual- g circumstances. The stx other churchmen acn- xmccd today were: Father -Joseph Clhak, 70-year-old relate archdeacon of the Melro- olUan Chapter at St. Vltus Ca- icdral in Prague—10 years and 50,000 crowns or one extra year prison 'a lieu of the fine. Father Jaroslav Kulac, G3, head the Missionary Federation of lergy—17 years and 40.000 crowns Father Antonin Mandl. 37, former secretary of the Catholic Ae- on Group here—25 years and 20,00 crowns. Msgr. Jan Bouk&i, 44, first scc- etary to Prague Archbishop Jo- cph Beran—18 yeans and 50,000 rowns. Father Vaclav Mar Ivy. 43, Sates- an priest—15 years and 10,000 rowns. Father otakar Svcc, pope's pre- ate and metrolopltan canon — 20 ears and 50,000 crowns. Blytheville Negro Killed in Korea A 25-year-old Blytheville Ncgrc has been killed in action in Korea He is Sgt. G. D. VIollins whos mother t the wife of Lee G. Allison His mother received a letter yes tcrday verifying a telegram reccntl received from Ihe Defense Depart mcnt stating that Holllns died c wounds infltcled In action Nov. 1 He was a member of Company A 24th Infantry Division and ha been In the Army for various pc riods since 1943. He was a vetcra of World War II. He had rc-enllste in 1949 and had been overseas sim last March. , OUicr than his mother, survivo Ing units lo be ready for occupancy Include one brother, P. S. Hollins 'around Feb. l," I BlythevllU. Truman Readies •"' V '.'-•• . : '-, t. Civilian Defense Former Governor Of Florida Named To Head New Agency WASHINGTON. Dec. 2. (AP) — Without wniting for Congress to grease the wheels, President Tru man has pressed Hie starter on ci vii defense machinery genrcd to g( In the ex'ent of an attack on lh' United States. i Just 2-1 hours after handing th lawmakers a plun to put civil etc fcnse under a single powerful ml ministrntor responsible only to him self, Mr. Truman yesterday Issue an executive order \vlilch: 1. Set up a nc\v Federal Civil De fcnsc Administration (FCDA). an 2. Named former Plolrdn govern or, Millnrd F. Cnlilwcll. Jr., as It S17.500 a year administrator. The President, acted while In 1 * makers maneuvered for control the bill he proposed Thursday create an PCDA a'l-.rf give Its ; nilnistrator far more power tha now Is available. Mr. Truman's move wan Intci copied in some informed quarters n an effort to,get un independent r.iv defense agency set up nnd staffe going concern to meet emergency pending Congrcsston notion. There was no Immcdia Congressional comment. Uses Old The President used a prc-Wor Wnr TI law to accomplish his o Jcctlvcs. fte first removed the prc ent civil defense establishment fro the National Security Board Then he set it up as a vl tu.illy independent agency In I Office for Emergency Manageme In the executive office of the Pros dent. The President said the basic pi: pose of the new administration w he to "promote and facilitate t civil defense of Ihe United Statf in cooperation with the several talcs." Mr. Truman instructed Caldwell, Two Children totally Burned In Senath, Mo. SENATH, Mo., Dec. 2. <if\— Two small children burned to death and their father was critically burned in n fire which followed all oil stove explosion it their farm home near here today. The dead are Carolyn, aged '1. and Donnic, four months, children of Mr. and Mrs. W. M. Swindle The mother rescued a third child Gary, aged 3. When ,the father attempted to save the two smaller children he suffered burns which doctors described as very critical. Their home was totally destroyed. i former congressman and govcrn- ir of Florida from 1015 to 1949, lo :tart work at once. Caldwcll respon- Icd that he would do so "In a sense f patriotic duty." He takes over the de'lcnse reins from J. J. Wadsworth who has been handling them for he NSRB. The civil defense bill, prepared by NSRB. was Introduced In the Senate yesterday by Senators Ke- fauvcr (D-Tcnn) and McMahon (D-Conn). ttep. Durham (D-NC> introduced It in the House Thursday. Some of them added that any clsion which might free MacAr- ur from the present U.S.-lmposcd n against bombing Chinese Com- unlsts supply lines In Manchmln obabljr will await the outcome of Iks President Truman begins hei'e iiesday with Prime Minister Atle of Great Britain. Mr. Truman told Congress yes- rda'y thnl an unspecified number troops are on the way to embat- cd United Nations forces from clglum, Colombia, Greece and Lux- nbourg. These are expected to Iti- olve little more than ; token "con- ibution.i. The President didn't mention any ildilional American unlUi-iuid three cnnlora In a position to know said ic lawmakers have'been informed there arc no reserves comld- rcd available which can be sent to aid of MacArthur's outnuml>cr- tl troops. The three Senators nskert lint they not be identified by name. No Counter Offensive Seen The trio .said lhat as the strategy vas outlined to them MacArlhur would try lo consolidate a defense ine and dig in for a stand against he Chinese Communists. They said hat so far. as they can learn there s no present hope of a counter- iffensive. MacArthiir hlmsell has described tie situation In Korea us critical, but not hopeless. None of the three Senators would 'orccast what happens after a defense line Is formed. But one of them said: "The mili- ,ary leaders are not going lo pick Korea as the place to fight World War III." Another said he had asked for a breakdown on disposition of the more than 2.250,000 U.S. iroops President Truman said arc now under arms. Of these MacArthur is reported commanding 'seven U.S. visions, which would mean around 100,000 men. Must Raise Sights Mr. Truman told Congress ycstr- day In asking for new military appropriations of $10,800,000,000 that because of the Communist aggression "we face the ncccs-sity of having to raise our sights, both In fcrms of manpower and In terms of production" beyond the previous goal of havlm; 2,800,000 men under arms by next July 1. The President didn't say so, but many In Congress believed that much of the proposed increase in manpower would be channeled toward Europe, rather than Asia. And it would be months In coming. Chairman Connally (D-Tcx> of the Senate Ftorelgn Relations Committee said he had no doubt that the questions of European defenses and of Asiatic policy would be discussed at length by Attlce and Mr. Truman. The threat of World War III which Mr. Truman said was posed by the Chinese Communist aggression In Korea seemed lo some law- said hi an unusual statement, answering written questions submit- .ed by wnr correspondents. : Me woukl not disclose the number of U. N, frontline ground troops' In Korea but It Is believed to be about 200,000. • MiiuArlhiir 'said: "A state ot timleclhml war iunv exists between the Chinese Communist* and lh<; United Nations forces." The high command said half of the 500,000 Red Chinese force .was arrayed against his troops; the oth-. or half already wns! .swarming south Inside Korea lo join tfic'battle. The Chinese early winter campaign apparently.; had lv?o quick objectives: 1. To smash, th/C'Jgfr tbs Eighth- Army's exposed ' right flank,"* f$j!KB j Pyongyang and p!n the remnants of 110,000 frontline troops in Northwest Korea against the Yellow Sea. 2. To drive eastward to the Sea of Japan and isolate the 10th Corps' scattered columns of three American and two Korea divisions In Northeast Korea. A - spokesman sntcl the Eighth Army, fighting desperately to hold a defense line 30 miles north of Pyongyang, "will not withdraw from any position or from • anywhere until forced to do so by enemy action." ff the Eighth Army is forced to retreat, he added. "It will destroy things of military value to the enemy. This military policy will apply if it becomes necessary to evacuate . . . Pyongyang." The city of 300,000 population virtually was In a state of siege. Some allied units and many refugees streamed south out of the city. Reds Distribute Leaflets Communist leaflets strewn over the streets of Pyongyang said, "You shall be tree from the enemy soon." They urged Koreans In the old fled capital to "break down transporta- SCB WAR on I'ane 8 New York Cotton High Low close Dec 4263 4245 4235N Men. 4254 4210 4210-15 May 4187 4145 4152 Jly 4130 4000 4000-41 Oct 372S T/0-1 3704-05 Dec. . , 3695 3S150 3C63N Mch 3MO 36-10 M38N May 3635 3615 3623N makers to be the chief question Involved In wha amounted to a plain iuggcstlon by MacArthur yesterday that he be given authority to bomb See MacAKTHUK on Past 8 Chicks to Play For AA Crown At Camden Crimdcn WHS chosen as the site of the Blythevllle-Camdcn Class A A state football championship, Max B. Held, president of the Blytheviile School Board, announced before noon today, Kile, of the game WJLS determined at a meeting of Blytheville and camdcn school officials in the office of J. M. (Johnnie) Burnett, executive secretary of the Arkansas Athletic Association. In Little Rock this morning. The site was determined by a coin toss. Mr. Nicholson said, after hoth schools had bid $1,500 for the game. The game will be played Friday night. New York Srocks Am. T and T Am. Tobacco Anaconda . . Beth Steel . Gen, EIcc. . . Gen. Motors , Int. Karvcslcr Mont. Ward N. V. Central J. C. penny . Scars Radio Republic Stl U 5-J Socony-Vacuum Std. Oil N. J . Studcbaker . , Texas Co. 78 0. S Steel So. Pac. , SANTA SAYS: Do it now—• You won't regret it. Deloy spoils Christmas If you let it. SHOPPING DAK TO CHRISTMAS

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