Fort Lauderdale News from Fort Lauderdale, Florida on June 25, 1942 · Page 1
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Fort Lauderdale News from Fort Lauderdale, Florida · Page 1

Fort Lauderdale, Florida
Issue Date:
Thursday, June 25, 1942
Page 1
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dux Lauderdale Daily New Tides Weather Mlh 7:S0 p. m. today and 1:44 . m. Friday. I-ow a. m. Friday and 1:4S Little ihanre In temprrstnre tonight. Thnndemhowera In scattered localities thla afternoon and tonight. f P. m. Friday. High: 88 Low : 73 HKMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED FKESS AND EVENING SENTINEL WIDB irOBLD. SEA IELEPHOTO SERVICE 51st YEAR; NO. 286 FORT LAUDERDALE. FLORIDA. THURSDAY. JUNE 25, 1942 PRICE: FIVE CENTS Where Rommel Routed British mm Pass In REVIEW F( ID Rain proved no handicap last night to the first anniversary review of Company C, Seventh Battalion, Florida Defense Force. Broward County's unit of armed militia carried out the program in the American Lesion Hall, demonstrating - to state and local defense officers the degree of efficiency reached during the year's work. lit was at the ceremonies following the drill that one of the speakers Judge Boyd II. Anderson put forward a suggestion that deserves county-wide development. He proposed that a Broward County committee be established for the purpose of aiding in the work being done by the unit. Presumably composed of civic club representatives from each of the cities which have men serving in the company, the committee would handle the work which Interferes with or delays the military progress of the unit. Such a committee, if set up, would be charged with problems of transportation which face the men who must travel long distances to attend the drills. It would establish other transportation systems which could be used if the unit is ever called to instant duty in defense of the community. This committee would be able to send delegations before county and city governments when requests for support are made. It would act as a general "backer up" in every purpose the company attempts. In a broad sense it would be made up of men who cannot join the company itself, but who wish to contribute to its success. If such an organization were formed it would relieve the officers and men of the company from many of the unrelated . tasks which they must face to bring the most important one-military protection to Its highest level. It would act on behalf of Company C and its unselfish member in ins uch a manner as the higher offices of the War Department 'A act on behalf of the regular army. In the regular army the soldiers and officers are not called upon to furnish their own transportation to drill, to appear personally before some governing body when they need equipment, camp space, or cooperation in carrying out training. Why then should our own military unit have to add to its volunteer defense program the extra work of obtaining what it needs from the community to carry on the work?. The County Commissioners have already done a great deal for the company! They have furnished an armory and office headquarters at' the courthouse. They have met every request for assistance with quick action. This is commendable. The fact remains, however, that the officers and men of the company should not have had to take time from their regular business life, In addition to their volunteer membership in the defense unit, to prepare, deliver, and explain the requests. Commenting upon the suggestion today Capt. Tom F. English, commanding officer of the company, said, "such a committee, whether called boosters, or backers, or representatives, could be of great assistance. Before much of our regular military work could be done we of the company had a great deal of related, but delaying, work to do.' This is still true. A committee such as the one Judge Anderson suggested last night 'could take a lot of the civilian work off of our shoulders. It would give us that much extra time to devote to military defense work." Here, then, is a worthwhile project for some patriotic civic organization. It is a chance to do some truly effective work in promoting the efficiency of the unit that in case of real trouble will be our first line of defense. J. K. V. Jr. .Bond Sales Lag With Good News WASHINGTON. June 25. UP) Treasury Secretary Morgenthau today blamed "over optimistic statements about the war" for a lag in war bond sales, which he said made it improbable that June sales would reach the quota of $800,000,000. They (bond sales) don't go so good on optimistic news," he said. "Last week,- when the news wasn't so good, sales picked up. "When the news is good, people Just can't get mad enough to buy bonds, it seems. That has been true in England. Whenever a town is bombed, sales go up. "It's true here, too. Alaska and Hawaii, for instance, lead in bond V sales Xon a proportionate basis)." Battle-scarred Halfaya Pass on the Libyan-Egyptian border again echoes to the tread of tanks as Nazi Marshall Erwin Rommel's armored forces rumble through on their drive toward the Nile Valley and the Suez Canal. The picture above was taken when the pass was in Italian hands. The POW in the lower right of the scene was a stone sign erected by British prisoners to protect themselves from RAP bombing. Nazis Smash British Stand And Cross Egyptian ; ; a. Churchill's Party Accep ts Challenge To Debate War LONDON, June 25. OP) Prime Minister Churchill's government accepted the challenge today of 20 critics who have asked the House of Commons to condemn the wccntraWIrc'.Mia of the war After the motion was placed before the house by Sir John Wardlaw-Mihie, a Conservative, and 19 other members, Sir Stafford Cripps, leader of the house, said debate on the Libyan campaign would begin on the motion and not on a proposed motion of confidence of " the government's own wording. DEBATE TO BE HELD SOON Sir Stafford said two-day debate would be held soon and that it was hoped Churchill himself would speak on the developments in North Africa and the Mediterranean. The Prime Minister now is in the United States. The date of debate is 'a secret under parliament's wartime security rules. The motion was signed by eight conservatives, seven laborites, f our independents and one liberal. Among them were Admiral of the Fleet Sir Roger Keyes and Sir Herbert Williams Conservatives; Dr. Leslie Hayden Guest, Richard Rapier Stokes, and Aneurin Bevin, Laborites; former Secretary of State for War Leslie-Hore-Belisha, and Edgar Louis Granville. Independents, and Liberal Member Thomas Lewis Hora-biru Leaves Refused To Legislators WASHINGTON, June 25. UP) Secretary of War Stimson said today no further leaves of absence would be granted Army officers to attend sessions of state legislators of which they are members. Those granted leaves for this purpose prior to June 15, however, have been permitted to carry out their legislative duties, he added. Stimson laid to ' an "apparent misunderstanding' the recall of members of the Louisiana legislature to active duty at a time when a tax controversy was under way in the legislature. . Safety Promotion Awards Presented To Six Railroads NEW YORK. June 25. CP) Six railroads and the Pullman Co. re ceived awards today for their achievements In accident prevention in 1941. The eastern district of the Union Pacific Railroad was accorded the principal honor, the gold medal of the E. H. Harriman memorial awards. It was present ed by E. Roland Harriman, son of the late railroad magnate, to W, M. Jeffers, Union Pacific president. Other roads receiving awards were the New York Central, the Duluth, Missabe and Iron Range, the Colorado & Southern, Western Maryland and the Monongabela Railway. CAIRO, June 25. UP) Powerful Axis tank forces thrust more than 0 miles into Egypt today, forcing the British to fall back under a covering fire, but United States Army fliers dealt the enemy a punishing blow with a second raid on the big supply base of Bengasi, 350 miles to the rear. - Dragon Flies Pass Through City In Hordes Residents who noticed "the hordes of " mosquito hawks, also known as dragon flies, this morning have no need to worry, according to B, E. Lawton, Broward County Agriculture Agent. The "hawks" are not harmful in any way, he stated. "In fact, they really do a lot more good than harm, destroying mosquitoes and other summer pests," Lawton said. The "hawks' when observed this morning were all flying northward, and according to the county agent, they were raised here in the southern part of the state, and probably will all be gone in the next day or so. School Board Has Meeting Today Members of the Broward County School Board met at 2 p. m. today in the Department of Education's office in the courthouse to pay current bills and settle up accounts preparatory to closing the school board's books at the end of the fiscal year, June 30. Salaries for teachers for the ensuing year were also discussed by the members of the board, but no Information regarding the instructors pay was revealed. FDR Proposed As Supreme Leader WASHINGTON. June 25. US) Designation of President Roose velt as "supreme leader" of the United Nations war effort was urged in the Senate today to re place what Senator Ellender (D-La) termed "the apparent apathy of British military leader ship." Asserting the Axis foes are In "a dangerous position" as a result of the fau- of Tobruk, Senator Ellender told the Senate "some thing must be done before it is too late." "we must designate a new leader," he asserted, "and place full decision in his hands. Such a leader must be acclaimed at once. ."We In America are carrying more and more of the brunt of this war' as time goes on. Accordingly I nominate for the position of supreme leader none other than our great President, Franklin D. Roosevelt., GEN. RITCHIE ESCAPES BERLIN, (From German Broadcasts), June 25. VP) The German radio quoted the Italian paper H Popolo Dltalia today as declaring that Lieut. Gen. Neil M. Ritchie, commander of the British eighth army, barely escaped capture at Tobruk. It said he got out by plane the night, before the sur-rsad, Border British army headquarters announced that the British Eighth Army had abandoned the frontier strongholds of Salum and Sidi Omar and that Nazi Marshal Erwin Rom mel s advance forces were south east of Sidi Barrani, with British mobile units fighting a fierce rear-nrd 4-: ?!n. - ThdF RC disclosed that the Germans and Italians In heavy strength were moving across aU day yesterday to the south of Bir Sheferzen, which is 15 miles south of Sidi Omar and about 40 miles from the Mediterranean. ! ATTACKERS ONLY 300 MILES FROM CAIRO The enemy then swung northeastward, being kept under continual and damaging attack by bombers and fighters of the RAF and the South African air force. Meanwhile the United States fliers in their four-motored Consolidated Liberator bombers teamed with the RAP for the second time this week to launch a heavy overnight bombardment of Bengasi, principal entry port in Libya for Axis supplies. The RAP announced that shipping in the harbor was the objective as Rommel raced to make good his earlier Libyan losses In anticipation of his drive toward Cairo and Alexandria, now only about 300 and 220 miles, respectively, away from his advanced elements. SEE BRITISH STAND FURTHER TO EAST The German commander was moving aU the forces that he could into Egypt, obviously for a major attack. . His strength includes one Ital ian and two German armored divisions plus much truck-borne infantry. (This is the army with which (Continued on Pago Three) Tribute Paid Company C Inspector Sans Battalion Is Excellent "Company C, Seventh Battalion of the Florida Defense Force is a wonderful company, excellent in all respects, and Captain English, all of its members, and all of the residents of Broward County have every right in the world to be proud of it," stated Major C. D. VestaL state inspector of the force and special representative of Brig. Gen. Vivian Collins, state adju- tant general, last night at the first anniversary celebration of the founding of the company. The ceremonies, originally planned to be held on Stranahan Athletic Field at Central High School, were rained out about half way through the inspection of the company. Members of the force, the inspection party, and guests all moved to the American Legion Hall where the speeches and drill were held. PLATOON WEVS DRILL AWARD Following an Inspection and drill, the inspecting party consisting of Major Vestal, Maj. William Urich and Maj. A. G. Shand awarded the honors for the best drilled and trained platoon to the second platoon under Second Lt George Redway. Major Vestal, Judge Boyd Anderson and August Burghard, master of ceremonies, all complimented the Defense Force for its excellent work, and tie flae-waa la Florida Drivers Warned Against Excessive Speeds JACKSONVILLE, June 25. The Office of Price Administration sternly warned drivers of motor vehicles in Florida today that unless speeds were reduced and overloading of trucks discontinued persons now receiving tires from rationing boards will find themselves unable to get any more. To check up on excessive speeds, overloading and ineligible use of motor vehicles, State Director Walter C. Sherman said the OPA will locate an ample force of inspectors throughout the state immediately. License numbers -reported by these inspectors will be listed and turned over to local rationing boards with instructions to deny any further tire service to the violators. Meeting Decides Establishment Of Army-Navy Center Establishment of a service men's center in the Pioneer building on E. Las Olas Blvd. appeared a foregone conclusion as the aftermath of a meeting today of city and county officials with the Chamber of Commerce military affairs committee. The Joint meeting had been called for a dual purpose financial cooperation in obtaining a site to be used for recreational headquarters for service men. and removal of barriers to establish a transportation system for civilian workers and service men between Ft. Lauderdale and Boca Raton These two projects were outlined by Don Freeman, president of. the chamber of commerce, as the major steps in a proposed tieuo between military bases in this area and local civilian f cilities.' Successful promotion of these ma&r steps rould blaa the Vttti to expend' turt for , jentals and other purposes of a jarge percentage the salaries of 15,000 to 18,000 service men who will be based within a 20 mile radius of Ft. Lauderdale within six months. NEWSHAM VOICES nvrv rr? irrTinv County and city officials pres- ent, and representatives of the city, county, schools and port, were unanimous in voting full cooperation in the project after it had been outlined by Freeman. The only negative action was a minor one expressed by City Commissioner Newsham who stated he was in full accord with the plan to finance the Pioneer building as a recreational center provided no concessions were placed there which would conflict -with local businesses. This opposition was expressed after he had been informed that soft drink and cigarette concessions were contemplated to offset operating expenses. His view was not held by the majority of other officials attending who were of the opinion merchants benefits from establishment of cordial relations between military men and civilians would far outweigh any loss of soft drink, cigarette and other minor items in canteens in the service club. The vote of confidence by city and county governmental officials brought the statement from Freeman that the Chamber of Com merce would be in sole charge of the project, would pay tax exemp- (Continned on Fate Three) which Capt. English has trained it. Said County Judge Anderson in his address: - -EXAMPLE FOR COUNTRY TO FOLLOW "One of the finest services you have rendered to date has been done by you unconsciously. That is your training program to pre pare yourselves for any emergency where you may be needed. You have set an example of prepared' ness for the whole country to f ol low. You have given of your time and been faithful in your obligations. Frankly. I have used you as such an example in talking to other groups with reference to their obligation to the community in connection with civilian de fense. Following the ceremonies in the American Legion Hall, Capt. English was presented with a desk clock and calendar by members of the company in honor of his year of outstanding service. Sgt. Floyd J. Warren made the presentation oa behalf of the es.iir eosssss. War Leaders Tell Congress Of New Front WASHINGTON, June 25. UP) President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill of Britain gave Congressional leaders today a 40-minute re view of the world situation, touching on the British defeat in North Africa and the opening of a second front in Europe, and the legislators called the survey "very satisfactory and very encouraging." SECOND FRONT DISCUSSED AT MEETING Speaker Rayburn told reporters that the Libyan phase of the war was covered "in some detail" and that a second front was mentioned "incidentally." That subject, he added, "always comes up, of course." Churchill's meeting with leaders from both Republican and Democratic ranks on Capitol Hill started off a round of conferences which set the day apart as one of the most important since the Prime Minister flew the Atlantic a week ago to confer with the President a second time. ! The President and Prime Minister followed up the Congressional conference with an appointment with the Pacific War Council. DETAILS OF MEET NOT GP7EN . None of the legislative leaders would go into details of the conversations with the United Nations leaders, Rayburn remarking that a great many of these were of a military nature. The opening of a second battle front in Europe has been a subject of widespread speculation, speculation which has received official encouragement at the VThite House, in connection with the Churchill visit. The Congressional leaders did not disclose whether JahF : cos jte decisions had been reached Oil this point. Treasury Plans Five Per Cent Pay Deduction WASHINGTON, June 25. UP) Secretary of the Treasury Mor genthau revealed today that the House Ways and Means Committee was considering seriously a substitution of a 5 per cent income tax collection from pay checks next year, to be applied to 1943 taxes due March 15, 1944, for the 10 per cent plan adopted previously on a tentative basis. Under both plans, employers would collect for the Treasury that percentage of a person's income in excess of his personal and family exemptions. DEDUCTION BEGEVS NEXT JANUARY The secretary explained to a press conference that the tentative committee plan provided for a 10 per cent deduction beginning next January 1, with half of the deduction to be credited against 1942 Income taxes and half against 1943 income axes. The committee, he said, now seems to think that it might be a good idea to omit the half of the deduction which would have been credited against 1942 taxes, which become payable March 15, 1943. The remaining 5 per cent deduction. If finally adopted, would be a credit against 1943 income taxes payable beginning March 15, 1944. Under this plan, however, the rate of deductions would go up to 10 per cent in 1944, with the deductions usable as a credit against 1944 income taxes payable March 15, 1945. House To Stop Influence Boys' WASHINGTON. June 25. UPt Chairman Vinson (D-Ga) of the House Naval Committee introduced legislation today to prohibit payment of contingent fees to manufacturers' representatives for obtaining war contracts with the Navy, and asserted it was a move to stop the operation of Washington's "influence boys. . Vinson declared that the legis lation was the result of hearings before the committee "in the course of which it was disclosed that one manufacturer's agent, Alexander Stone, of Washington. D. C had earned prospective commissions of over $500,000 in less than two years while repre senting several manufacturers on a contingent fee basis." 3500 GO ON STRIKE LORAIN, Ohio. June 25. JP) An unauthorized strike by 3,500 CIO unionists today shut down the war-busy-mills of the Na- tfooal Tjiba Q,'a plant hers, J Nazis Wipe Out Second Bohemian City In Reprisal LONDON, June 25. UPt The Czech community of Lesaty in Bohemia has been razed by the Nazis on the accusation that the villagers hid parachutists involved in the slaying of Reinhard Heyd rich, "protector" of Bohemia-Mo-! ravia, it was reported today in ' Budapest radio broadcast heard by a Czech government listener here. This was the second village wiped out by the Germans in vengeance for the death of Heydrich, the Germans having reported June 10 they had slain the male population of Lidice, near Prague, sent the women to concentration camps and the children to "educational" institutions. About 350 men faced the firing squad in that village. Creation Of War Petroleum Corp. Urged By Ickes WASHINGTON, June 25. UPS Creation of a $500,000,000 War Petroleum Corporation was urged today by Secretary of the Interior Ickes to prevent "probably unnecessarily stringent rationing orders and perhaps actual shortages of pertoleum or some of Its products for direct military use. He told the House banking Committee that, under- the terms of the legislation, the corporation would be charged with the specific duty of causing: 1. The delivery of petroleum and petroleum products into shortage areas to meet military and essential civilian demands. 2. The expansion and most ef ficient use of petroleum transportation facilities. WOULD MAINTAIN , ADEQUATE OIL RESERVES 3. The production of the netfes-sary amounts of the specific petroleum products required for the war program and to meet essential civilian demands. 4. The maintenance of ade quate reserves of petroleum or such petroleum products as are of strategic importance in quality or as to location. 5. The return, upon such terms and conditions as will protect the public interest, to the natural un derground reservoir or other dis position of petroleum products purchased by the corporation for the purpose of assuring the production of other petroleum products. Wtuhington Dispatch Unified Command Allies Solution To War Problems By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON, June 25 Secrecy, avoidance of criticism, and a glossing over of obvious blunders are tolerated when things go well in war. But when the tide turns and adversity sets in the cry for an explanation of what has been going on becomes forceful and widespread. While Prime Minister Churchill and President Roosevelt meet to make further decisions about the war, British public opinion demands an answer to why Britain has been defeated in Libya even as American public opinion looks askance at the Japanese occupation of some of the Aleutian islands, the shelling of the Oregon coast by Japanese submarines and the reverses being suffered by Russia at SevastopoL Two men will get the credit for the victories the same two men must bear the brunt of criticism when things go wrong. It is an inevitable development in war. But It is not permitted to say which of the two men is responsible fo aid "too little and too late" in North Africa or for the lack of weapons or men or ships to supply a second front to harass Hitler as he spreads his operations to southeastern Europe and the Middle East. HOPKINS SAYS ENGLISH CAN FIGHT It is significant that Harry Hopkins, who is a kind of assistant president and who has given few interviews since the war began, made a public speech last night in which he said many things, among them: "It Is true England has met with serious reverses at Hong Kong, at Singapore, In Africa. It is true that their forces in outposts throughout the world have never been strong enough. But I confess that I am retting tired of herrlnr people say that the British can't fight." Mr. Hopkins Is right British can fight- they have icuamm sa Sfcsesi. Eisenhower To Take Charge Of American Army WASHINGTON, June 25. TMa3or General Dwight D- Eisenhower has arrived m London and taken command of the European theater for American forces, it was announced today by the War Department, which defined a theater of operations as "an era where combat is in progress or will be." Eisenhower, a native Texan and an armored force expert, went to his post in London from an assign ment as chief of the operations division of the War Department's general staff. The department spokesman who defined "theater of operations explained that such a theater usually is divided Into the combat or front line zone and the line of communications but added that "with an air power so important there is little difference now between front and rear areas. The brief announcement was made without reference to current speculation on the possibility of a second front in Europe. It said: "The War Department today announced the formal establishment of a European theater1 of operations for United States forces. Major General Dwight D. Elsenhower, formerly assistant chief of staff In charge of operations division. War Department general staff, has been designated as commanding general, European theater, with headquarters In Lon- don. - LONDON, June 25. Major General Dwight Eisenhower has arrived In Britain and has taken command of the European theater for the United States armed forces. Elsenhower conferred with Prime Minister- Churchill and President Roosevelt on Monday before leaving for Britain. He was expected to start confer-" ences soon with General Sir Alan Brooke; British chief of general staff, and other military chieftains on welding American and British armies for offensive action. In a statement by General Eis enhower on his arrivavl In Eng land, which the War Department released, the new commander said the formal establishment of a European theater Is a logical step in co-ordinating the efforts of Great Britain and the Unit 2d States. General Elsenhower, a native of Tyler, Texas, Is 51, and has been a key member of the War Department general staff for the last four months. Known as an expert in armored force operations, he came to the War Department in February as chief of the war plans division after having served as chief of staff of the third army at San Antonio, Texas. He was put in charge of the operations division on April 2. General Elsenhower holds the distinguished service medal for his world war services as commander of the tank corps training center at Camp Colt. Gettysburg, Pa. Rubber Quota Set At 119,382 Pounds The quota for salvage rubber to be collected during the two weeks drive ending at midnight June 23, has been set by the government at 119,382 pounds, County Agent B. E. Lawton revealed today. Although no figures as to the total amount of rubber that has been turned in to date are available, Lawton said that he believed the county would meet its quota. "Persons living in the rural areas are doing extremely welLin their collections of the scrap rub-j ber," he said. "However, the recent heavy rains which raked the water levels in some areas, are hampering the efforts of quite a number of farmers in their, collection efforts." ' LET'S GO Broward Countyl Our June War Bond Quota Is $258,200 WE MUST GO OVER THE TOP" BROWARD COUNTY PURCHASES: Reported today ....$ 4,423 This month 99,625 To date 2,158,975 PUY RONDSl &.L vetK oist ornc or I i savings J Lkl-. and loan association. . -1 ..ilii

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