PAGE FOURTEEN, SECTION 2 BLYTIIEVIU;R (ARK.) COURIER NEWS TUESDAY, MAY 2, 1950 Machines C .rn,«r, ... ^liown litre can planl fiy. lira.. »• m«»r »"*» In . d.y ». li« formerly e» U IJ wilt mul«.draw. .quipm.nt. Th. m.chan.c.l piantcr op.ni Ih. furrow drop. .=<=d »t reKul.r inUty.l,, .nd cover. I ,= .ceJ w«l> dirt. Tho majority of lh« 26,000,000 >cro» of «ollo« in tultivalion 1»<1 7«»r yiat planted witk tr»ctor-pow«r«ii «quipm«nt. on Production A •!.(!• nvcfiaoickt H«nr««r«r, 1i!c. tli. .pcndle-typ. mkcMn* ilimm •tov«, u capabl. of performing th. work of 40 to SO kind piclur*. Thi. mechanical picker can gather a baU of collon in on* mnd oa«- naif !,our.. Laat year 10,000 mechanical picberi and »trfp|nr« a*- •iilcd colto. farmara in g«li«rin, th.ir crop*. Over Million Tractors Used In 78 States The old grey mule Jiist ain't what he used to be. Not on the 1950 American colon farm. Old Dobbin has served the farmer well and faithfully over the years, but now he is reaching the age of retriement. The ape of mechanized farming has come to! the Cotton Belt. Today more than one million tractors are rolling through fields in the eighteen cotton states carrying out the farming operations in only a. fraction of the time required by yesteryear's mule teams. The tractors are aided by a host of other efficient machines in tl.s Job of producing and harvesting the fluffy white fiber that is the «a- tion'.i number one agricultural commodity. There are mechanical planters, rotary hoes .flame cultivators, choppers, and harvestinr machines to assist the farmer in the back-break ing, time-consuming frftsks that in the past have made cotton, production, costly In maii- hom-d and money. J Lowered Cwrta National Cotton Council economist* saj that mechanization means the farmer can produce hi.s coton more efficiently and economically, bringing lowered casts which ivil] enable cotton to stay out front In Its battle for markets. " Land preparation, planting, cul- Mvafcton, and harvesting »re the principal step* in cotton farming. Machines, throughout the cotton region, already have greatly reduced labor~ln land preparation and planting 1 , and to a lessr.r degree In cultivation. Because of the multi- hide of problems Involved, mechanical harvesting has progressed at. a less raptd pace. Natural barriers in some sections of the Cotton Belt stand in the way of full mechanization of all processes. In other areas the terrain and types of cotton grown are more adaptable to mechanized operations. Tests Show Savings Experimental tests with various kinds of mechanical equipment have proved in black and white tlin actual savings In man-hours ami c ash achieved by the use o I ma - cultivufor. Till* fetching collon polltn dol frock in llie new iheatro leuglh ^*u« inspired hy mic of Marjr Martin's toslumca in "South I*iir.fir T *' HLT- rnr.l.i.g tn .lie National CiiUon CounrJI. 'Hie polkit »-«'i ;>rKniitl}- t ilesiKnnl by Kmnia Doinb, has n deep plriULfl culhir llmt nuiy IIR iited m • ciipfk't or removed en- lirelj- for • fitrnuil effecl. chines. In the coastal plaiiis oC North Carolina, full mechanisation would dccrensc the number of man- hours to produce an Etc re ol cutton from 12-4 to less than 22. In the Louis hum Delta, four-row mechanized cotton farming would bring production time to 31 hours per acre as compared with 139 needed under the man-mule system. In high plains of Tctfas, man-hour. 1 ; would be lowered from 24 under partially mechanized conditions to 6 per acre. Tests conducted In Mississippi .showed that at a time when the per acre cost of hand weeding nntl chopping \v:i,s five dollars, an expense of only fifty cents woulti be incurred with the (ise of the flame Harvesting oilnv, in the minds of cotton nipr^ HIP .sixty-four du.lar ques- :on i.s the nicchanical harvester. Iji 1919, us in previous years, « vast army of field hands descended on the coU.ii if elds to pick the fleecy white locks from open bolls. But the tremendous increa.se in the number of mechnnk-al harvesters used last year Indicates the trend ot mechani/ed harvesting. Appro^i- mately 10,000 harvesting machines moved along the coUon ruws gathering the crop at an almost un believable rate of speed. There are two principal types of harvesting marhSr.es. The mechanical picker, operating on a revolving .spindle principle ,is best adapted to the thick, lust, cotton In the Mi>-.sissipi»i Delta miri tn the South- I east. A .single one of these pickers | can harvest about 1500 pounds In two hours and 20 minute.?, nccom- pli;^hin» the work of .40 to 50 human pincers. ; Slrtpper Type ] In contrast to the selective picking of the spindle-type machine Is the operation of the cotton "M ripper." The stripper moves down the row and pulls of! nil cotton bolls, : while the spindle-type picker ga- ^ thers only the open balls. The strip- | per is operated chiefly in the high plains area of Texas and Oklahoma where early fall rains are Infre- tjuent and cotton may be left in the field until all bolls have ripened. A two-row, tractor-mounted stripper i.s capable .of harvesting; nearly a bale of cotton an hour. There are still many difficulties to be overcome in nicchan.cn. harvesting. Not only must the machines themselves be further improved. but varieties of cotton must be belter adopted to mechanical | harvesting. With farm equipment i manufacturers a, n d agricultural \ scientists busy at work on these ' problems, the day Is not far away.' \vhen- ; "the wondrous mechanical | coLloii'" harvester will be as com- f nxmplace along the snowy white . rows as the traditional sack-laden hand picker. Cotton Giving New Insulation For Buildings Cotton Insulation, originally developed to provide flnme ;in<] weather protection for,, buildings, is finding an ever-broadening number of industrial and commercial uses, the National Cotton Council reports Until recently the cotton insulating material wns used almost entirely In home construction. Today it ts finding more than a score Smart Cotton Separates Easy, Quick Changeabfes for Young Fashionables of different commercial and Itidiu,- (rial applications, the Council said. H cited :i \Vc.st Coa.st manufacturer of water heaters who uses (liimeproof cotton insulation to retain hciit within ihp uniLs, nlong with .several nuruifiujUircrs of cold drink lioxes, refrigerators, and deep freeze units who employ cotton insulation to keep cold in ami heat out. Many railroads now are using cot- Ion inM.lation in ref rigor a tor cars, the Council added. They have found that the lightweight material reduces the deadweight of cars by more than a ton. Cfibs of most railroad locomotives also are insulated with cotton because of its higher efficiency and lighter weight. For all around serviceability,, nothing can equal skirts ami Wcj'rsrs—and they're every oiti as fashionable RS tl i ey are practical, e.specisilly when done in "round the clock cotton. The sleeveless blouse, off to n happy start last year, is now kingpin, especially when paired with pleated or circular cotton skirts. Some blouses a re pri m 1 y coll n re d and but toned; others emphasize the new chemise look with scooped out necklines and straps over the shoulders. Cox Designs Dorothy Cox has done She collared sleeveless blouse in white pique, and paired it with a blue ombre striped skirt. Miss Cox has also done a complete series of old-fashioned shirtwaist blouses. Some are clone in striped or plaid gingham with white pique convertible collars and French cuffs. Others are a reversal of this look —in white with platd collar^ and cuffs to match her paid cotton skirts. Some are collarle.s.s with quaint collar hand necklines. "Blouse" llaHi'rs Haltero this year look like blouses with high collars- demure or dramatic — and buttoned down the front. Culottes, carefully railored to look like pleated skirts, have returned io hisjh favor and have made their appearance in mens- \vear tvpc cotton suiting and in denim. Shorts are popular a.i ever, and '.his year are geared to the little boy look, cut straight and long, but not quite as long as pedal pushers. Several designers have made little boy short.? In black velveteen. They mix well with both tailored little boy shifts and with feminine embroidered blouses with flounced or ruffled sleeves. 'Shuffling* Separates Other separates to be shuffled about with the greatest of ease are .strapless camLsole.s, Jackets fitted and flared, and the new peg-topped, tapered slacks variously dubbed Riv.cn and Capri by different designers. Frances Slder has done Riviera flacks in black cotton poplin. They a re worn with "farmer" sh irts "of embroidered table cloth gingham. The shirts can be worn conservatively buttoned up, or open to • off matching gingham bras. THIS LIVING The Great Smoky Mountains of North Carolina, with 200.000 acr?' still in virgin tlmbr;, contain thr most extensive stands of vkgiii red .spruce and hardwood forests In America. COTTON from her head io her roes! YES, TO HER TOES! You might guess tluit the lily's sandals arc made of cotton. The surprising thing is tlint, nearly every slioe you buy contains cotton because it makes such a fine lining. That's somelhiiijj to rcmom- ber during National CoUon Week. And YOU Are One Of Them! !.' ' And so are we! We're all part of the 15/000,000 people In America who are provided a living through the growing and processing of cotton-—the farmer, ginner, warehouseman, crusher, merchant, shipper, spinner, salesgirl—But we people in Mississippi County should feel it the most strongly of all. Without cotton you wouldn't have your job or your business (whether you're a plumber, a florist, a merchant). What does all that mean? It means you should respect the worth of cotton in the products you buy. Choose cotton—it's good for you. REMEMBER THE MEANING OF NATIONAL COTTON WEEK BLYTHEV1LLE FERTILIZER CORP. .<!
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