Monday, October 23,1944 Cbttortal J)age of IBaUcrsftclb Caltforntan ALFRED HARRELL •DITOB *ND PUBLISHER Entered In port office mt Bakersflcld, California, as second clasi mall under the act of Congress March 3. 1879. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Th« Associated Press la exclusively entitled to the uso for publication of all news dispatches credited to ft or not otherwl«e credited In this paper, and alao the local news published therein. To* Bakersrteld Caltfornlan Is also a client of the United Press and receives Its complete wire service. REPRESENTATIVES West-Holiday Co.. Inc. New York, Chicago. San Francisco, Los Angeles, Seattl*, Portland. Denver WASHINGTON, D. C.. BUREAU Tha Haskln Service, Wellington, D. C. By carrier rr mall (In advance) In postal zones one, tivo. threo, per month, 86c; six months, J5.10; one year, J9.00. By mail In postal sones (our to elcht, per month. (1.05. GOVERNOR WARREN POINTS THE WAY W HETHER or not California's population continues to swell in the postwar days depends, in part, upon the maintenance of the present industrial life, yes, and on industrial growth in the future. And in considering the maintenance, and possibly the increase of population, much depends upon the housing situation as it develops in the near future. Not much can he accomplished in providing additional housing until restrictions on building are removed, which doubtless will be at the earliest possible day. But it is well to say now that the slate should not lose its opportunity for maintaining ils present status. If industry is maintained through private enterprise, if agriculture continues to expand, California will continue to attract the attention of wage-earners looking for permanent locations following the war. How important it is, Ihen, that new lands be brought under cultivation, that private industry be not handicapped by taxation, the latter depending very materially upon the manner in which government, federal, state and county, is conducted. According to a recent survey, the population of California has increased 250,000 since July of 1943 and has reached the 8,700,000 mark. The Pacific Coast states have produced 13.5 per cent of output for which war contracts are responsible. New York and Pennsylvania and some other heavily populated Eastern states have even now suffered a loss of 7 per cent, comparing the output this year with that of the preceding year. California is in position to continue its employment program if conditions are such as will not discourage industrial expansion, but stimulate increased agricultural production. Touching upon this subject of expansion, Governor Earl Warren, in an address which was read before the Victory Preparation Conference of the Redwood Empire Association Saturday, said: "We all recognize that for some period of time as we convert our industry from war to peacetime production, numbers of people will be displaced from their war jobs and will be temporarily unemployed until new jobs are provided to take up the slack. In this transition period government has its job to bolster and stimu- • late the economy of the stale." Significantly he added—and it will interest people of the state—"One example of government action to meet the problem is found in the 500 million dollar reserve fund which has already been built up by the State Unemployment Reserve Commission from the joint contributions of workers and employers. Another example of our efforts to anticipate the problem is found in the action taken by the slate government and by the cities and counties in planning and liming new construction programs to provide useful employment on necessary public works while private reconversion is in progress." The Governor pointed out further that $165,000,000 has been earmarked by the Legislature for postwar construction of buildings and facilities recognized to be needed by the stale. He noted that city and county officials have likewise been busy with plans for local public works and he might have added that he, himself, has pointed the way to these activities that will aid California in supplying work for its people and maintaining at least its population standard of today. Bat the Governor added that the solution of our problem "rests with business and industry, with labor and agriculture, with financiers and investors, as well as with government. It is everybody's responsibility. ... And it is government's business to assist and encourage every group which can add to the sum total required to expand our economy in a manner which benclits all." ON ALL FRONTS A A America and all the Allied nations engaged in the war for world freedom will be enthused over the week-end developments along the war fronts. To us here on the Pacific Coast possibly the most thrilling chapter has been written in the Philippines with the MacArlhur-Nimitz forces combined and with definite progress assured in the movement to oust the invading Japstmd to return to power the government that was in authority when Tokyo plunged the Pacific area into war. But that is only one phase of the recorded accomplishments. With Aachen fallen, the Allied forces are within 10 miles of Cologne, the key city in Southern Germany, and the capture of which will definitely open the way to Berlin. And further, Belgrade, the capital of Yugoslovia, the holding of which was essential to the German army, has been taken with tremendous cost to the Germans in killed and captured. And the Red army is moving toward the capital of the Reich, being now 25 miles within the East Prussia border, with apparent certainty that the onward march designed to insure Russian victory will continue unabated. Significantly enough, one of the most brilliant drives in progress is being conducted by a young .It-wish tank expert who, indeed, has something more to fight for than simply the occupancy of Germany. The welfare of a whole race in the German area is dependent upon continued Allied successes which emphasizes that the end of Nazi rule is close at hand. And now comes invasion of Norway. All in all, the progress of the Allies has been most gratifying, and there is further assurance that the end of the war is not so far away as has been prophesied in some doubting quarters. And particularly is the Pacific Coast enthused over the developments under our combined land, naval and air forces in the Philippines. GAME SUPPLY W Hie first World War was concluded hundreds of thousands of young men had heen taught the rudiments of handling a rifle. These same young men hecame interested in hunting and the records disclose that there was a tremendous increase in this form of recreation after that war. Based on such experience it seems reasonable that there will he a great increase in the number of hunters when this war is finished. Most men arc interested in firearms and their legitimate use. Fish and game conservation officials like to encourage hunters, for their own profession depends upon the public's interest in this form of recreation. Something like 8,000,000 persons in this country buy hunting licenses annually. This indicates the tremendous interest in the sport. With the return of millions of servicemen to their homes after the war, there will be a great inroad made into the available game supply. This is now the concern of conservation experts who are studying the problem of providing sufficient game for the returning veterans. They actually believe an outstanding increase in the number of hunters after the war will precipitate something of a game supply crisis. Raymond J. Brown, authority on such matters, writes that "Greatly expanded measures are vitally needed now to insure a constant supply of fish and game not only for the fighting men who will come home soon to demand it, but for the benefit of everyone, including merchants and others to whom sports mean belter business." In California alone it is estimated that there will be approximately 1,000,000 hunters and fishermen after the war. RANDOM NOTES It will be agreed that campaigning "in the usual partisan sense" is progressing. And how! Only a few weeks have passed since the public concluded that the contest would largely have to do with the discussion of issues with which the nation is vitally concerned. And the declaration of leaders emphasized the correctness of that conclusion. But time marches on. The campaign speakers and near speakers have turned away from questions of moment to discuss personalities, but if they knew it the public is most deeply concerned with policies that all'ect the future welfare of the nation. Judgment should be based upon an understanding of national needs and some candidates and propagandists will do well to have that in mind. That is pertinent not only in the selection of the most important oflicial in the nation but it should be a factor in choosing legislators, national and slate, and even those who have to do with the management of local affairs. What the public wants is good government and perhaps never in the history of the nation was there less concern over partisanship—and personalities. An Associated Press feature writer points out that the only "smooth part" of the process of soldier voting is the paper the ballots are printed on. Wrong addresses, schedule mixups, improperly marked ballots, are furrowing the brows of election officials everywhere. Contravenes still rage between slate arid federal authorities in the matter of counting the ballots that come in from those in the armed forces and argument rages between party leadership in a number of states over the methods tha* have found favor in connection with ballot distribution and provision for counting. Let us hope it all comes out well.. Perhaps the civilian vote will be such as to determine the final result. We shall know more about that at a-later day, but perhaps not on November 7. TLe War ToJ By WF.S GALLAGHER tty AHBoclated Press WITH THE UNITED STATES THIRTY-FIFTH INFANTRY DIVISION IN FRANCE.—"I'll go. I have three kids at home myself," the sergeant said. There was a murmur among the enlisted men and nine others stepped forward as volunteers. Theirs was as dangerous and unusual a mission as most in this war and beyond the regular call of duty. They were going on a "baby patrol" to rescue 81 French children trapped in a chateau in no-inan's land. A civil affairs officer, Captain jeorge l.i. Schneider, former Brook- yn, lawyer, had received word from he French that near the town of Hans in a chateau there were 81 •hildren, aged 2 to t>, who had been font by their parents from Nancy to he chateau as « place of safety. But he path of war headed right for IIP children. The Germans hold Hans and the Vmericans held a nearby town and lad to capture Hans in order to keep their position. Schneider noti- ied the commanding American of- icor of the children's situation, and he colonel promised to do his best o avoid the chateau in the attack. Hut he pointed out that as soon as American patrols wore established n tiie town the Germans were cer- ain to counterattack and this might nvolve the children's area. Schneider went to Company A of IIP One Hundred Thirty-fourth Regi- iient and asked for volunteers to •nter the town behind the Amerl•an patrols. They were to reach he chateau and ewcort the children o safety. That was when the 10 non stepped forward. To reach the chateau the group md to travel over 1000 yards of Tinrshy ground under German observation and fire. It was a damp, •old night when the "baby patrol" •cached the battle area about 9 p. m. Such man understood he would have to carry two babies and guide the jthers. If attacked, he would be ibsolutely helpless. Creeping silently forward the patrol reached the chateau without jeing fired on. They found that only two of the •hildren were over the age of 4. and that most of them were without shops, half clothed and badly fright- nod, as were the few nurses. Each man placed a baby undpr •ach arm and grouped several others who could toddle around him, and started back through the night. They moved fboi.t 40 yards apart and had to stop for rest frequently so that the children could keep up with them. The Germans spotted the party ind cut loose with artillery and mortars. Schneider and his strange patrol, each man with his arms full of children, could do nothing but squat down for a moment and then move slowly on. It was a long thousand yards. The men had to hand the children over a small creek one by one before reaching the truck that rushed them to Nancy. Despite the wet, cold ground and their lack of shoes, to say nothing of their fright at being with strange men and at the bursting artillery shells, not one of the children so much as cried. By some miracle not one child nor one voluntter was hurt. Today the captain and 10 enlisted men Were awarded the bronze star— but only five were on hand to receive it. (Twenty words censored). Captain Paul Obran, French liaison officer who served as the guide that night, has recommended the men for French decorations as well. By SAM HALES L'niled Press War Correspondent WITH THE AMERICAN THIRD ARMY BEYOND NANCY, Oct. 18. "No Gum, Chum," isn't a slogan on this front, it's the name of one of the big IMO-mm. Howitzers, the heaviest guns the Allies have In Europe, which has been plastering German ears back around Metz. The fact that the American Army is now hammering the Siegfried fortifications with moble 240-mm. Howitzers, mobile 8-inch Howitzers on treads, and a dozen other heavy mobile weapons, was revealed only today. The crew of "No Gum, Chum" was living in mud-filled foxholes beside the straw-covered emplacement in which their monster cannon Is located temporarily. They think "No Gum, Chum," is just about the fanciest weapon on the front. Lieutenant Spencer Zugg, 825 South Eleventh street, Milwaukee, \Vls., said that two weeks ago "No Gum, Chum," firing 4JJ rounds at extreme range, knocked out nine Nazi tanks and damaged 22 others. He thought that was a record. Private John W. Wingard, Harrisburg, Pa., powder man of "No Gum. Chum," saiil the big baby had fired five rounds at a battery of six German SSs. One of the four shells landed within 15 feet of one German gun and converted the whole position to a litter of twisted steel and broken bodies. "No Gum, Chum" fires a shell J weighing more than 340 pounds. The only bigger gun on the western front is the German 280-mm. railroad gun, the mobility of which is limited to rail tracks. But "No Gum, Chum" and its mates can be moved through mud or anything else and its shells will destroy anything from concrete forts to Marie VI Tiger tanks. The 240-mm. as well as the 8-inch Howitzer moves on treads and wheels and has astonished the Germans by its mobility. These guns specialize on German targets 5 and 6 miles behind the front. One of them obliterated a German bridge many miles away with three shots. Another destroyed two pontoon bridges, a concrete bridge, and a German convoy with 17 rounds. From the Files of TKe Californian TEN YEARS AGO (The Calllornian. this date. 1934) lira. Lillian Phillips, professional lecturer, told Bakersfield Woman's Club today that the European situation is tense and extremely serious. Austin Photograph Studio will be opened here November 1 at 1524 Nineteenth street. The state cotton income has gained $7,500,000 in a single year as the result of the control program. Insurance men today voted to assist M erria.m in his candidacy for governor. Lynn Reynolds Lightner enlisted in the United States Navy today. Evening school will present a course in motion picture technique, it was announced by Kenneth W. Rich, director. TWENTY YEARS AGO (The Cullfornin.il. this) date. 1924) Headlines: Distrust of America by Japanese is Growing; Progressive Democracy in Nippon Faces Explosive Elements: Kesent Method o£ Slamming Gates; Grave Consequences Are Feared. Chlef-ot'-Police Horace Dupes issued a declaration of war on Bakersfield's "asphalt shieks," who hang around schools and annoy women and children on streets. Born to Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Fanucchi at Mercy Hospital, October 22. a daughter, Sylvia Theresa; to Mr. and Mrs. George Valencia, October 21, a daughter. Ca Robinson and Hoy Hamerlin presented prizes at Emerson School for fire prevention essays. At Franklin the prizes were given by Ernest Itowe and T. W. Pinnell, and at Lincoln, by James H. Parker and Mel Hay. The winners were Janice Hal- brit, Mary Hassengaeger, Billy Rowland, Oleta Cameron, Harriet Rogers, Juanita Dalton, Gurth \Valford, Dorothy Johnson, Margaret Anderson and Bernice Eden. ywoodl t> o I u m n — (By ERSK1NE JOHNSON)-Quite innocently we have become involved in a 3000-mile feud over wolves with our good friend Lee Mortimer of the New York column writing clan. Mortimer, self-styled "Grizzly Gray Wolf of Broadway," sniffed with suspicion at our recent list of the top 10 members of Hollywood's Wolf Club. He even referred to one of our top 10—Producer Bill CJirard—as a mere cub on probation. The other choices he criticized include Jean Negulesco, Van Johnson and Errol Flynn. "When you want authentic news about the pick of the pack," writes Mortimer, "come to the master himself—to Lee Mortimer, originator, sole owner and chief howler of the Wolves' Club." Apparently Mr. Mortimer has a hallucination that the New York variety of wolves is far superior to Hollywood's. This, he should know, is Chamber of Commerce propaganda. The New York wolves are strictly of the hothouse variety and not very hot at that. We will gladly pit one Hollywood wolf against any three of the Broadway pack, spot the tired easterners six telephone numbers and turn 'em loose anytime you say. Mr. Mortimer will then discover, to his horror, that the Broadwayites are of a harmless, second-rate ilk, unworthy of even being called wolves. Hollywood's newest descriptive slang is military. There are G. I. descriptions for just about all of movieland's types—and movieland has all the types. .\ "Catalina" is a slow, heavy woman. Anybody with u big mouth is an LST—a landing ship, tank. (You've seen 'em open those big maws in the newsreels.) Ginger Uogers is a, P-47—a fast, sleek job. Front office snoopers are "reconnaissance cars." If she's got those Mae West tones that bowl you over, she's a "howitzer." A tall girl is a "constellation" and a short one is a "half-track." Marie Wilson, who wears less clothing than Paulette Goddard as the star of Hollywood's stage show "Blackouts," was all dressed up for u scene in M.-G.-M.'s "Music for Millions" when a visiting soldier, getting an autograph, said he had seen her on the stage. "Did you recognize me today with my clothes on?" asked Marie. After some hesitation, the soldier drawled, "Well, I recognized your voice." Helmut Dantlne, who gets around, escorted Jane Churchill (one of the witnesses to the Hall-Dorsey brawl) to a Hollywood nightclub the other yawning. As they started to leave, a waiter ran after them, tapped Jane on the shoulder and said, "iytadam, you forgot your gloves." To which Dantine asked, "Dress or boxing?" Short Takes' Now the movies are supplying the G. I.'s with G. I. jokes. In the film "The Very Thought of You," a doughboy defines the order "double time" as "a means of locomotion whereby you reach your objective sooner, permitting a longer time to wait for whatever yo'i double-timed for." . . . During the pre-broadcast entertainment for a radio show, Announcer Wendell Niles introduced Warner Starlet Natalie Shaffer as a "movie star who just returned from a very successful run around a producer's desk." . . . Wallace Beery is playing background for a. barroom brawl— and no billing, either. For a rogues' gallery on a saloon wall in the flicker "Gentle Annie," the prop department resurrected a "Wanted—Dead or Alive" poster of Beery from his old hit "The Bad Man." •ooJ eview Of the many to whom the early days of California spell romance and adventure, "Paddle-wheel Days in California," by Jerry MacMullen, will bring delight. This recent publica tion of the Stanford University Press traces the colorful develop, ment of travel by steam boat on the Sacramento, Stockton and San Joaquin rivers. To thousands in the Interior val leys the "Chrysopolio," "Senator" and "Contra Costa" river boats were household names and are now the stuff of legend. The author, in the navy for many years, wrote a col umn on the marine page of the San Diego Union. His interest in this robust phase of the state's history has resulted in the preservation of many a fine tale and a record of many a fine ship engaged in river travel between gold rush days and the First World War. There is a chapter on the San Francisco ferries full of nostalgia to their de votees who continue to lament their passing. This is an authentic piece of Cali fornia for those who collect it and full of interest for those who just plain love the state and like to read about its many historical sidelights. It is not too early to be thinking about Christmas and tills may prove just what you are looking for as a gift to some old-timer or young col lector. By M. D. naestions and A .nswers -(By THE HASKIN SEUVICE)- Q. Why Is wood used for railroad erosKth's? How much does each one cost?—D. I. F. A. The use of wood for railroad tics has proved satisfactory. Steel and iron ties expand and contract with the heat and cold. The average treated crosstle cost the railroads $l.-9 In 1940; the average untreated crosstie cost 79 cents. Q. Is it true that moat animals are born blind?—F. B. A. This is not so. Most animals are not born blind but many of the young do not at once begin to use their eyes. Q. Is the Arc de Triomphe In Paris the largest triumphal arch in the world?—S. F. A. It la 162 feet high and 147 feet wide and is the largest In the world. Q. What is the most famous golf club In the world?—S. C. D. A. It is probably the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews In Fit'eshire, Scotland. It was founded in 1754. Q. What does Marlag mean?— O. W. G. A. This is an abbreviation of the German word Marlnelarger which designates a prison camp for enemy seamen. Q. How many aeabees are there? —P. D. A. There are approximately 235, 000 seabees. A iMdrr rain let the tnswtr to any nurntlim of fact br wrMIng Tilt lU»crsfteld Calllomlun InTu.ui. tlon Bureau. 3111 Ere Bireei. N. K. Wuhlnalon. jl. D. C. Plraa* eaclasr three (3) nplj. THIRTY YEARS AGO (The California!!, this elate. 11114) Headlines: Thirteen British Vessels Are Sunk. German Advance on Warsaw Turns to Retreat, Claim Russians. Kaiser Reorganizing Forces. Upon the resignation of Ca Kobin- son of Troop A, National Guard, Henry W. Klipstein, first lieutenant, was elected captain. Hugo A. Bushauberg, speaker in Bakersfield today, blames the philosopher Nietzche and his heartless theory of the "superman" for responsibility in the great European war. Captain and Mrs. Lucien Beer left for San Francisco yesterday, called north by an injury to their son, Teddy. Mrs. Gloannah Ball Behan will have charge of caps and pennants to be given to children tomorrow night in Hobson parade. The children will meet at City Hall. ciin< (By PAUL MALLON)- Ne ws WASHINGTON, Oct. 23.—Dear friend, you say you think Mr. Roosevelt ia the greatest liberal leader since Lincoln, that his experience in war Is needed to conclude the conflict victoriously, and this same experience in international affairs is necessary for postwar peace negotiations with Stalin and Churchill, and therefore you are going to vote for the President again. You ask me what I Intend to do. I have never before said how I Intend to vote. It did not seem to me to be the business of anyone. To do so is a violation of the privacy of American balloting. But I do not mind telling you this time I expect to vote for Dewey. And I am so sure of my ground I will tell you why. Mr. Roosevelt may, as you say, have been the greatest liberal politician since Lincoln. But what liberal principle is at stake in this election? Name one, just one. There are none. In fact, the liberals on Mr. Roosevelt's coat tails have suffered the same decadence as all sue- cussful reform movements. They have turned Anti-Democratic, Pro-Totalitarian, against individual freedom and rights, in favor even of dictatorship by themselves. With the power of wealth so effectively crushed in our country, these liberals have fed themselves fat and flabby on power for 12 years and become the real reactionaries of our era. The true liberal is the man who fights against the injustices of his time from whatever source they come. The injustices of this administration are woven into its ties with seekers for special privileges and with corrupt political machines. Formerly, when it was fresh and liberal, it dominated them. Now they dominate it. There is no New Deal, only a conglomerate assemblage of seekers for special privileges from government now behind this government. This is truth. Dewey is a young reformer who would chase the rascals out. By any measure of sound reasoning therefore he Is the liberal candidate. I would not vote for him for that reason alone, if I thought the peace would suffer one comma omitted or victory be delayed one h6ur. Is his election necessary to sustain a foreign policy? What foreign policy. Name it. Are you shying at the vague shadow of Colonel Mc- Cormlck while joyfully swallowing the Russian fish hook? Mr. Roosevelt's peace negotiations have been going on since the Atlantic Charter meeting with Churchill. What has he done, except to lose the Atlantic Charter? What has been accomplished except to start to reconcelve a league of nations, which we could have joined anytime in the last 25 years. Is there one new thing done which makes you justly feel any more secure for postwar. I think Mr. Roosevelt has failed. Both Stalin and Churchill have got the better of him. I think the facts prove they have put it over on him at every turn (Poland, Finland, the Balkans, France, Italy, Germany.) A change in our leadership would be beneficial, Indeed is necepsafy to keep the peace from continuing to de-graduate Itself down to the level of the Eureopean politicians, the trend it has followed without idealistic interruption since the Charter was proclaimed. • Essential to win the war? You are not falling for that old political hokum about the commander-in-chlef, are you? That always has been an honorary ejltle for the President. General Marshall Is the actual commander-ln-chlef" of the armies and he works at it, resisting the President and even the British (a great man whose full worth Is not yet known to the country.) True Mr. Roosevelt has complete personal influence over the admirals, but I have heard none of them say his advice to them is necessary to the winning of the war. Frankly. I. think victory might come sooner with a little shakeup of some of these generals and admirals, but Dewey says he will not do it. There is thus no plausible suggestion lurking in any real fact to indicate a change in presidents would make any military difference. This is an unusual election. In short, there is no valid reason I can see why anyone should vote for Mr. Roosevelt except the great non-fighting army of seekers fo rself privileges from government who stand to gain personally by his continuance in office, and no sound reason why anyone of any other viewpoint should vote against Dewey. No one has yet questioned Dewey's honesty or ability. Unless they do, successfully, I shall vote for him. I like Mr. Roosevelt, with all his administrative atrocities, his unconscionable cruel and punitive political tactics at times and his unreasonableness on occasions, I see a certain under level of purpose which I like, but even this purpose has failed now. The time is crying out for freslh leadership of any available kind to keep this country together as long ns possible, and to defend American ideals before the world. That is what I truly think. Sincerely, PAUL MALLON. (World courilnht. 1944, by Klnt Peaturra Syndicate, Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction in full ov <n part itrlctly prohibited.) FORTY YEARS AGO (Tho California!), this date, 1904) Mr. and Mrs. Frank Chappel, newly married couple, were given a party at Tehachapi in Asher's hall last night. ' Mrs. S. G. Smartt entertained at her home on Nneteenth street in honor of her husband on his birthday anniversary yesterday. Quong King and Company are rebuilding structures damaged by fire on Twentieth street. They include Silva's saloon, a restaurant, a billiard hall and a Chinese store. A pipeline is planned by an independent fuel oil company. An officer will be here in a few days to enlist men for the navy. Boys 17 to 18 are wanted as apprentices, and young men up to 25 as landsmen. FIFTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this date. 1894) Born, to Mr. and Mrs. E. W. Austin, October 22, a daughter; to Mr. and Mrs. E. G. Hitchcock, today, a son. The Daily Californian is glad to see Mrs. Upton out again after her long illness. An old-fashioned quilting party was held Monday at the residence of Mr. and Mrs. F. A. Tracy. The event celebrated Mr. Tracy's birthday anniversary. J. W. Jameson came down from Tehachapi this morning to attend the Democratic meeting. Andrew Brown left for his home in Kernville last night after spending some time in San Francisco, Los Angeles and Bakersfield. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY woman saith unto him, 1 know that Messiah cometh, which is called Christ: when he is come, he will tell us all things. Jesus saith unto her, 1 that speak unto thee am he. —John .}• 25-26'. * * * But chiefly Thou, whom soft-eyed Pity once led down from Heaven to bleed for man, to teach him how to live, and oh! still harder lesson! how to die.—Bishop Porteus. a slliing ion O o 1 ni m m -(By PETER EDSON) The hundred or more Independent, international economic and social regulatory, advisory or consultive commissions, conferences and committees which have been sprouting all over the terrestial landscape since the last war will at last find some kind of a home if the United Nations charter proposed at Dumbarton Oaks is ever put into effect. Provision for tying together all the^e economic loose ends cpmes in the charter's Section IX, which sets up a pattern for economic and social co-operation. Every business man with any kind of a stake at all in international trade—even down to the Importer of two bags of coffee or the grower of surplus wheat which must be sold at export—has an interest in this because it Is the first effort to set up one central, intergovernmental clearing house that will know what's going on in the world of international trade, and will advise and consult with nations in an effort to keep them out of the economic snarls that eventually lead to war. f The first thing that the Dumbarton Oaks planners make clear about the proposed arrangements for international economic and social co-operation is that they are not trying to set up a super-government. Nothing like that is In the picture. Individual governments still have final determination on how their international business affairs are to be conducted. But the United Nations organization, as proposed, would have the power to make studies and to recommend certain courses of action, subject to ratification by as many of the nations as might care to go along on any program. The need for this kind of international economic co-operation becomes apparent when you consider all the agencies now at work in one particular field of regiTration. Since the start of the war there have been the United Nations Conference on Food and Agriculture at Hot Springs, the International Monetary Conference at Wood Hole, the International Conference on Civil Aviation opening November 1 In Chicago, .an Allied Conference of Ministers of Education In London, an International Convention on Communications still to be arranged for. The tendency has been all towards setting up these one-subject agreements, letting each go its separate way and hoping that there would be no conflict between them. Recognizing that this kind of international loose dealing could not go on forever, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization charter makes specific provision that Its activities shall be co-ordinated with the broader United Nations organization when and if that body is established. Before the war, trade agreements were usually made between only two nations, or when more nations entered into a foreign commerce regulation agreement the subject covered was usually confined to the production and marketing of one commodity. These were wool, tea, rubber, tin and beef. Some of these are still operative, though shipping disruptions have made normally regulated trade impossible. But it Is contemplated that if the United Nations organization for International economic co-operation could bring the activities of all these one-commodity agreements within Its preview, it would in fact be prepared to tackle the problems of cartels—viewed bye many students of international affairs as one of the greatest threats against maintaining world peace. The machinery with which the ^ charter proposes to handle these * questions centers in the General Assembly of all the nations. The Assembly would name 18 nations whose representatives would make up an economic and social council. Its members would serve for three-year terms. The council, in turn, would set up an economic commission, a social commission, and possibly others covering specific fields such as transportation or communication. In each commission would be a permanent staff of experts. Under the social commission might come such existing' organizations as the International Labor Office and sanitation and health control. The job of the council would be to tie them all together in one bundle. • T H h e eadlers Jromt ©it View "INSISTENCE ON RIGHTS" Editor The Californian: Saturday, along about 6 o'clock, I happened to be near the courtesy box at the post office when a friend, a young lady, drove around the corner from. Eighteenth street. She noticed me and stopped, out there in the street between Eighteenth and the alley. There • were no cars parked at the curb. Naturally I stepped out to the car and we exchanged words, sentences in fact. Now she knows, and I know, and you know that conversations should not be carried on with the car parked in the traffic lane of a street. But I was. interested to see what would happen. So the first driver to come around the corner took In the situation at a glance, turned ,to the right and passed around behind me, plenty of room. The next chap had the same opportunity but insisted in driving right behind the car and coming to a stop. He wanted to get past, of course, and we were in the wrong. Well, the young lady simply parked the car and we went on with our visit. The two drivers illustrate an Important attitude. The first one probably Knew the law, as we all did, but he was not interested In that primarily. He Had a clear way to go around and took it. The other chap, apparently, was one who knew his rights, and furthermore was going to have them. If there was any danger in the way her car wa» parked this second chap just increased It that much. Drivers like him have probably been at the bottom of most accidents. Insistence upon your rights will get a person into more trouble than anything I know of. I wonder what would have happened had a traffic officer come around the corner. Nothing perhaps and then again some officers seem to lack a sense of humor at times. Oh yes, don't park in'the middle of the street, just on general principles. F. B. WILLIAMS. ON THREE AMENDMENTS Editor The Californian: As a voter in the forthcoming elections I believe it Is the duty of every voter to be aware of the factors Involved in the proposed amendments to the state constitution. It further seems to me that It ia the duty of both major parties to assist in making available to the voting public Information which will be helpful in clarifying these issues. Three very important propositions on which we must make a decision before November 11 are No. 9, Funds i'or Elementary Schools; No. II, Retirement Payment*, Gross Income Tax (better known as 160 at 60); and No. 12, Right of Employment. The title of this latter measure is not only ambiguous, but is viciously mitt- leading. If adopted, it will not—it cannot—guarantee employment to anyone. But it will mean an end to that for which labor has struggled for years to attain; namely, the right to join a union of one's own choice, and to bargain collectively with employers. Many of out leading citizens, Including our ^Republican governor, oppose this amendment; but the local Republican headquarters has no literature available on this or nay other measure. Their statement, when questioned about this fact, was that they did not* intend to dictate to any one how he should vote. A commendable attitude, no doubt, but under the ; .circumstances a foolish one. In the- first place, no American citizen wants or needs to be told how to vote. He Is perfectly capable of making up his own mind providing he is furnished with fair arguments V on both sides of a question. In the second place, the Republicans very definitely are trying to tell John Q. Citizen how to vote where people, , not issues, are concerned. And In the third, place, no public officeholder, even though he might be the best man in the world for that particular Job, can act for the common welfare when the laws themselves are bad. If the Republicans are as strong for labor as Mr. Dewey says they are. If. they are as Interested in the welfare of our county, state and nation as they say they are, then I believe they should do their share In seeing that the public is properly informed on these proposed laws. JERRY SULLIVAN. Route 4, Box 200, Bakersfield. Calif.
What members have found on this page
Get access to Newspapers.com
- The largest online newspaper archive
- 11,100+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
- Millions of additional pages added every month