The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on October 23, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Bakersfield, California
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Monday, October 23, 1944
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YANKS CONSOLIDATE LEYTE COAST HOLD, NAD PALO IN SWIFT ADVANCE THE WEATHER HiBh yesterday 89 Low today „ „ 64 Rainfall Reason (Airport) » 14 Year HBO (Airpoit) „ 01 Soapon (Land Company) H Year ago (Land Company) 17 Forecast C'ear today and tonisrtit. ff\s r floudu Tuesday : little change m temperature. Kern's Bond Quota Set for Sixth War Loan; See Page 9 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSF1ELD, CALIFORNIA, MONDAY, OCTOBER 23, 1944 16 PAGES No. 72 Allies Clamp Pincers on Key Transport City British Armies 3 Miles From S' Hertogenbosch; Canadians Advance in Campaign to Open Sea Lanes to Antwerp; Yanks Iron Out Metz Bulge SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, PARIS, Oct. 23. (U.E)—British armor and infantry plunged forward more than 2 miles against weakening resistance today to within 2 1 /i miles of S'Hertogenhosch, hub of the biggest transport network in south-central Holland. Lieutenant-General Sir Miles C. Dempsey's Second Army forces, advancing under cover of a 200-gun bombardment through the gray autumn gloom, were clamp- ng an assault arc on S'Her- togenbosch, the capture of U. S. RECOGNIZES DE GAULLE RULE PROVISIONAL FRENCH GOVERNMENT SET WASHINGTON, Oct. 23. OP)—The United States and Great Britain today recognized the De Gaulle administration as the "provisional government of the French republic." Moscow radio reported that Soviet Russian had taken the same step, and similar announcements came from Ottawa and Canberra. Later Venezuela made the same announcement. ••-• The American action was announced by Acting Secretary of State Stettinius, who also disclosed that most of France, including Paris, had been designated by Allied military authorities as an "interior zone" in which the French authorities have complete responsibility. This interior zone covers everything except the combat areas and points essential to combat supply. Settinius' statement recalled that the French leaders, including General Charles de Gaulle, have declared on several occasions their intention to hold elections as soon as possible. "Pending the expression of the French people through the action of their duly election representatives," Stettinius said, "the provisional government of the French republic in its efforts to prosecute the war until final victory and to lay the foundations for the rehabilitation of France, can count on the continued, full, and friendly co-operation of the government of the United States." Changes Relations The action of recognition completely changes the basis of relations between France and the Allied powers—the United States, Britain and Russia. De Gaulle, instead of rank- -ing only as the leader of a "de facto" authority, now ranks as a chief of government and head of state, approximating the positions held by President Roosevelt, Marshal Stalin and Prime Minister Churchill. Among the practical results will Continued on Page Four Index to Advertisers —: Page Abrams, Dr. R. F 4 Acme Finance Co -~ 11 Arvin Theater 10 A&P Stores 3; 4, 5, 10, 15 Atz-Smith Furniture 11 Austin Studio 5 Bakersfleld Hospital Supplies....!! Booth's 4 Brock's 3 Brundage Pharmacy 11 Citizens Laundry 10, 11 Clark, Dr. <J. Ray 11 Coffee, Harry 6 Crafts Shows 10 Culliton, John W 10 Dewey-Bricker-Houser 5 Eastern 7 Flickinger-Digler 13 Food City 4 Eox Theaters 10 Garrison's Dress Shop 11 Globe Drug Store 11 Granada Theater 10 Greenlawn Cemetery 11 Ivers Furntiure 15 Jackie's Beauty Salon 11 Judds 7 KERN 15 KPMC 15 LeRoy Gordon Beauty Salon 6 Lim, T 10 Lois—House of 'Beauty 11 Long, Dr. S. C 6 Mar-Vo-Aid 4 Mortensen, Walter 11 Mr. and.Mrs. of Radio Fame 11 New City Cleaners 11 Nora's Beauty Salon 11 Owen's Store 8 Pennington, Dr. L. R 11 Phillips Music Co 3, 6 Ralph's Shoe Shop 11 Rialto Theater 10 River Theater - 10 Southern Kitchen 11 Stauffer System 11 The "Stamp Shop 15 Texas Tornados Dance 10 Texans 15 Union Cemetery 9, 13 timer's 7 Virginia Theater 10 Weill's 8 Wickersham's ...11 Xavier Cougat 10 which would imperil the stubborn Nazi stand in southwestern Holland. The British push on S'Hertogen- bosch gave powerful impetus to the Allied campaign to clear the Schelde 'stunry and open up the sea lanes to Antwerp. Canadian forces had cap- ured Breskins and Draaiburg, main strongpoints on the south bank of he estuary, and all but one of the >erman batteries on north shore had Jeen smashed. United Press War Correspondent Ronald Clark reported from the Brit- shrf ront that a three-pronged drive on S'Hetogenbosch was gaining steadily In all sectors. One spearhead was driven through Middlerode, 5 miles southeast of 'Hertogenbosch, to within Sy, miles of the Nazi-held stronghold. Another gained 4000 yards in a thrust from he area of Schlendel, 3% miles south of Midderode and 7 miles southeast of S'Hertogenbosch. A bird, advancing from the northeast, •cached the hamlet of Bruggen, 4 miles above S'Hertogenbosch. Find Land Mines "There is little sign that the enemy las sufficient forces to do more than slow our advance," Clark reported, 'hickly sown land mines and the network of waterways lacing the damp ;round appeared to be doing more ban the German troops to slow the British. The speedy tightening of the anadian arc around the German socket on the south bank raised lopes that the Allies soon may be able to force the Schelde and exploit heir capture of Antwerp, probably he most important port yet seized or the reinforcement and supply of armies marching on Berlin. Nazis Use Robots The American First Army, round- Ing up enemy stragglers northeast of newly captured Aachen, reported the Germans had begun using robot bombs in quantity in the Aachen sector for the first time' on any fighting front, presumably in an attempt to throw any American preparations for an attack across the Cologne plain off balance. Lieutenant-General George S. Pat ton's Tihrd Army ironed out the German bulge southeast of Metz with the occupation of Coincourt and Bezange la Petite, 22 miles east of Nancy and 35 miles southwest of the German stronghold of Saarbrucken. Street fighting was raging in Moncourt, a mile beyond Coincourt and Bezange la Petite. Patton's gains, ranging up 3 miles along a 6-mile front, routed the Germans from dominating heights where they had been harrassing the Americans with barrages from 88-millimeter gun batteries. On Patton's southern flank, the American Seventh Army captured four more villages in a 4 1 /i-mile advance northeast from the road center of Bruyeres. VITAL HEIGHT FALLS TO U. S. TROOPS; NIPS SENT REELING INTO JUNGLES Jap Resistance Wilts Under Powerful American Blows; Plight of Enemy Scurrying Into Jungles Due to Become Acute From Lack of Supplies; Tacloban Field, Other Airfields Repaired GEN 7 ERAL MacARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS, LEYTE, Oct. 23. OLE)—American troops, slashing westward from their 20-mile beachhead on Leyte, today drove the Japanese toward he interior hills and jungles and consolidated the coastal zone to a minimum depth of 5 miles all the way from Dulag north to Tacloban. Capture of Palo, Leyte's second city, was accomplished Saturday in a whirlwind drive >y less than a battalion of American infantrymen who drove forward so fast- they didn't —California!! NBA Telephone OHIO FIRE DEATH TOLL SOARS—Workers today rsumed combing ruins in a devastated 50-block area in Cleveland, Ohio, for victims of the city's greatest disaster. Death toll in the catastrophe has reached 99. while more than 100 persons are officially listed as missing. Many o£ the missing, however, may be found among the unidentified dead. Death Toll in Ohio Fire May ReachJJOO INQUIRY BOARD SET UP; RED CROSS CARES f OR 680 HOMELESS SURVIVORS CLEVELAND, Oct. 23 . OP)— Coroner Samuel R. Gerber estimated today that "possibly 200" persons met death as liquid gas explosions laid waste an east side area J ,i mile square. The number of known dead in last Friday's disaster reached 99 today, with more than 100 persons listed as missing, 49 of them East Ohio Gas Company employes. "On present evdence, the death list will total possibly 200," said Dr. Gerber. Another 49 men, women and children still were under treatment in hospitals. Seven remained in critical condition. Mayor Frank J. Lausche set up the board of Inquiry, half of. the mtmbers of which are chemists and engineers at Case School of Applied Science, shortly before he and American Red Cross officials reviewed final plans for a rehabilitation program. The Red Cross said 680 homeless persons who have been sleeping and eating in school buildings for three days, would be In semi-permanent dwellings by tonight. Utility services were being restored to every habitable house and industrial plant as persons were Continued on Page Four Governor Warren Recovers Rapidly SACRAMENTO, Oct. 23. Iff)—Gov ernor Warren was reported rapidly recovering from an attack of influenza, complicated by a kidney infection, by his attending physician, Dr. J. B. Harris, today. The kidney Infection is responding to continued penicillin treatments, Harris said. The governor will be allowed to get out of bed if his temperature remains normal for three more days "to get some sun," although Doctor Harris would not predict how soon he could leave the hospital. Spanish Republican Maquis Take Four Pyrenees Towns By FRANK BREESE LONDON, Oct. 23. (UP)—Spanish Republican Maquis, penetrating as much as 10 miles across the frontier from France, have Captured four villages in the Pyrenees in skirmishes with General Francisco Franco's regular army, a Barcelona dispatch acknowledged today. Republican sympathizers in London called the action the "first step" by the Republicans to win a foothold in Spain since their defeat in the Spanish civil war in April, 1939. (A Blue Network broadcast from Paris said 20,000 Spanish Partisans were reported operating in the mountains of Spain, with more recruits going over from Franco's army every day.) Reds Sympathetic 1 Radio Moscow appeared sympathetic with the Maquis in a broadcast quoting the authoritative Soviet publication War and the Working Classes, as asserting the future security of Europe "requires that the hotbed of Fascist infection In Spain be totally liquidated." The broadcast contended that Spain was continuing to supply Ger many with raw materials and was acting subversively in South Amer lea. It accused Russia's western Allies of adopting a "soft" attitude toward Spain. Civil War Expected Though the clashes in Spain still were on a small scale, the London Sunday pictorial said a revival of the Civil War—or at least a serious attempt to revive it—could be ex pected "at any time." "The situation there is inflammable to the point that in Madrid, Franco's supporters already are having their movements marked down (by Republicans) and the people are talking openly of 'the night of long knives,,' "• the Sunday Pictorial said. A United Press dispatch from Barcelona, obviously passed by the tight Spanish censorship, said the villages of Salard, Bosoa, Canejan and Viella, all in Lerida province in northeast Spain 1 to 10 miles below the French frontier, fell to the Maquia after four days of fighting. PROSPEROUS AGRICULTURE ASKED BY DEWEY, TOURING FARM BELT REPUBLICAN PRESIDENTIAL NOMINEE TO SPEAK IN MINNEAPOLIS TUESDAY; TELLS TWIN GOALS McNARNEY NEW DEPUTYJHIEF GENERAL WILL SERVE IN MEDITERRANEAN By JACK BELL EX ROUTE WITH DEWEY TO MINNEAPOLIS, Oct. 2.°,. OW—Governor Thomas E. Dewey set out for the midwest farm belt today with a declaration that full production and employment In business and industry constitute "the first fundamental necessity for a prosperous agriculture." The Republican presidential nominee left Albany, N. Y., at 9 a. m., E. W. T., on his special train for Minneapolis, where he will speak Tuesday night. It is his third visit of the campaign to the mid- west. He plans to speak in Chicago Wednesday night before returning to the east. ( Dewey, who is expected to make a major farm speech on this trip, said in a statement today that "only if all elements in our country pull together can we attain the twin goals of prosperous farming and a good diet for all our people." Obviously beamed toward the nation as well as the state, the Dewey's remarks prefaced a state food commission report releasd simultaneously with the departure for Minneapolis. It said: "If everyone in the United States had a good diet our national health and vigor would be greatly improved and the problem of maintaining a prosperous agriculture would be largely solved. "A good diet for everyone would necessitate a large increase In the production of the protective foods— dairy products, meats, eggs, fruits and vegetables. A substantial increase in the per capita consumption of these foods would both improve our health and make fuller use of our farm plant. Problem!) to Be Faced "In working toward the twin goals of a prosperous agriculture and a good diet for all, many problems must be faced. Farm incomes must be such as -to enable efficient farm operators to pay operating expenses, maintain their farms and provide a good living for themselves and their families. "Consumers must have enough money to buy the food they need which means they must have jobs. In addition, education In what constitutes a good diet is called for, and for those who are hopelessly handicapped with respect to income, some form of _aid is necessary for them to get the "amounts of protective foods required for good health." The report was submitted, in response to the governor's request, by Harold M. Stanley of Skaneateles, commission chairman and secretary of the New York State Grange. The commission, appointed last year, is made up of representatives of farm groups, business men in the farm field, and state agricultural agencies. Declines Comment Dewey, who thus fur has declined to comment on Mr. Roosevelt's foreign policy association speech of Saturday, will go from Minneapolis to Chicago, after stops In Wisconsin. The governor announced he would make three stops in Wisconsin, Wednesday. • He planned first to •top in Milwaukee at 9:30 a. m., C. W. T., where he will be met by a delegation headed by Governor Walter S. Goodland. After conferences with Wisconsin Republican leaders, Dewey will leave Milwaukee at noon, pausing for train platform appearances at Racine at 1 p. m., and Kenosha at 1:25 p. m. Governor Dwlght Green of Illinois will meet him at the station at Chicago. It was in Wisconsin that his nomination for the presidency was virtually clinched last spring, when a large primary election write-In vote for Dewey led the late Wendell Willkie to withdraw from the contest. WASHINGTON, Oct. 23. (UP)— Lieutenant-General Joseph T. Me- Narney, deputy chief of staff of the United States army since March, 1942, has been appointed deputy su preme Allied commander in the Medi terranean, the combined American and British chiefs of staffs announced today. McNarney will to deputy to Su preme Commander General Sir Henry Maitland Wilson, succeeding Lieutenant-General Jacob L. Devcrs, now in France. Devers went to France to take command of the newly formed Sixth Anny group under General Dwight D. Eisenhower. McNarney also has been deslg* nated as commanding general of the United States Mediterranean theater of operations by the United States chiefs of staff. Lieutenant-General Thomas T Handy, United States army chief of operations, has been appointed dep> uty chief of staff succeeding Me Narney. Major-General John E. Hull, ol the operations division of the war department general staff, will succeed Handy as chief of operations. F LA~SH~E S U. S. SUBS LOST WASHINGTON, Oct. 2a. (UP.)— The navy today announced loss of the American submarines Golet and Herring. Their loss brings to 32 the number of United States submarines lost in this war and makes the total of navy ships lost 394. SENTENCED TO DEATH PARIS, Oct. 23. (UP)— Georges Saurez, director of the newspaper Aujourd'hul and editor of the Paris Soir, was sentenced to death late today after his trial on charges of treason and collaborating with the enemy. VISALIA NEWSl'Al'EK SOLD V1SALIA, Oct. 23. C.W—Sale of the Visalla Times-Delta by Morley M. Maddox and Charles A. Whitmore to E. William Kumpe, former midwestern publisher, was announced in today's edition of the paper, one of California's oldest. MCOBAB LANDINGS? LONDON, act. ,23. (UK)—Radio France today broadcast "unconfirmed Japanese reports" that Allied troops have landed in the Nicobar islands off the western coast of the Malay peninsula. DAVID LARDNER DIES AACHEN, Oct. 23. (UPJ—David Lardner, 25, son of the late Ring Lardner and war correspondent foi the New Yorker magazine, die< Thursday night of injuries receive when his jeep'hit a German mine. even lake time out to send jack a progress report. Palo lies 2Va miles inland rom the coast and about 6 nilcs south of San Ricardo. t is a city of 25,000 popula- ion and had been the last Japanese stronghold on the east coast road. In clearing out Palo the Aiueri- iiH also captured Hill 522, a com- nnnding height at the northern end if the beachhead from which the 'apanese had poured mortar fire at he invasion troops. Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Stra- reins, 48, Chicago, led the force vhich captured Palo. First word received at headquarters of the opera- ion was the message: "Palo secured." Hill 522, which dominates "Red Beach' 1 where' the northernmost 'anding was made on Leyte, was :aken with little difficulty after cruisers and destroyers lying off shore plastered the Japanese bat- eries and navy divebombers cnocked out the Japanese emplacements. Jap Remnants Trapped Capture of Palo trapped a group of Japanese defense remnants be- wcen the town and the beachhead. .Jnited Press War Correspondent Richard W r . Johnston was with a battalion which attacked these remnants with mnchinegun and artillery fire. The Japanese had built a series of pillboxes along the river which runs nto Leyte gulf at Palo. After the pillboxes had been worked over, ar- illery and infmitry, under personal command of Lieutenant-Colonel Ueorge H. Chapman, Laramie, Wyo., nched forward and finished off the Japanese. Palo was taken by the Twenty- fourth Division of the United States Army Tenth Corps Saturday, headquarters revealed today. With the Japanese fleeing to the Interior of the Island MacArthur said their plight would soon become "acute" due to lack of supplies. (A German DNB dispatch from Tokyo said the Japanese expect MacArthur to attempt "a second, or even third, landing" in the Philippines. There were indications that the Americans were concentrating forces in the New Guinea area, the dispatch said.) Fierce Fight Reported (The Japanese Dome! Agency said the Leyte garrison was engaged in a "fierce battle" It asserted that Japanese planes had damaged two American aircraft carriers, two de stroyers and a transport in attacks Saturday.) The capture of Palo cleared the last Japanese-held strong point on the 20-mile east coast road between Tacloban and Dulag. Meanwhile, army engineering units rushed repairs to the newly captured Tacloban field and three Dulag airfields, and btgan to convert Leyte into what MacArthur called 'a great base for all arms" for the next steps in the liberation of the Philippines. The Tenth and Twenty-fourth Army Corps, already inland an aver age of at least 5 miles all along the front, were steadily expanding their positions everywhere. They infil trated and enveloped the Japanese lines in the same way the enemy Continued on Page Four Jap Laws Revoked on Leyte, Civil Liberty Proclaimed By RICHARD AT MacARTHtin'S HEADQUARTERS, Philippines, Oct. 23. (UP.)— General Douglas MacArthur, inaugurating the rights of democracy for the people of Leyte, today turned buck to the Filipinos the island capital of Tacloban, after more than two years of Japanese rule. While gunfire rumbled in the distance, General MacArthur and Sergio Osmena, president of the Philippines, arrived in Tacloban In a jeep convoy between lines of cheering, liberated residents. They were acompanied by Lieutenant-General Richard Sutherland, chief of staff; Admiral Daniel E. Barbey, commander of the Seventh Amphibious Force; and members of Osmena's cabinet. Today's parade proceeded through Tacloban, a city of 30,000 population, to the concrete provincial capitol building decorated with flags. Flags Raised As the official group arrived In front of the building, a bugler played "to the colors," and the United States flag was run up on one flag pole and the flag of the Commonwealth of the Philippines on another. MacArthur Introduced Sutherland, who read the proclamation turning the town over to Filipino civilian authorities. Osmena spoke briefly to the townspeople, drawing a comparison between the American and Filipino fights for freedom and independence. A great ovation went up from the crowd, gathered in brilliant sunshine around the ornate capitol of Leyte, W. JOHNSON as MacArthur's statement was read. "Today, I am happy to present your President Sergio Osmena and members of his cabinet," the proclamation read. Not Conquering Army "We are here In the capital city of Leyte to establish and initiate the restoration and right of self rule for you. "We are no conquering army. We are an army that brings you civil liberty. "W»-are an army ofc. &ee~«lUaen» like yourselves, reaffirming unto death that Democratic processes shall not pass. We are democracy at war, a democracy built only upon lasting truth and justice the American way." OSMENA THANKS F. D. R. FOR V. S. WAR EFFORT WASHINGTON, Oct. 23. <UB— President Sergio Osmena of the Philippine Commonwealth, In the first message dispatched directly from the Philippine islands, today thanked President Roosevelt for the Immense war effort of the American people "which has enabled us to return." Osmena and other members of his government landed with General Douglas MacArthur in the Philippines last week. "I feel certain that this military operation, which has begun eo well," Osmena, cabled the President from the island of Leyte, "will prove once again, as did the battle of Bataan that our two countries are linked together by imperishable ties of under* standing and friendship." REDS CAPTURE FINLAND NICKEL MINES. 400 EAST PRUSSIA TOWNS MOSCOW ANNOUNCES SEIZURE OF SOMOR IN YUGOSLAVIA, NYIREGYHAZA, HUNGARY CITY LONDON', Oct. 23. (JPl~ Russian armies have invuded East Prussia to a depth of 1!) miles on an S8-uiile front. Marshal Josef Stalin announced tonight. This was the tirst Soviet confirmation of au offensive which the Germans have been, reporting for several days. In an earlier order of the day Stalin suid Russian, forces has captured the towu of Salmijarvi in northern Finland. Berlin broadcasts Implied the Red army may also have invaded northern Norway in a drive to slice off arctic shore bases for German planes and submarines. Troops of the Third White Russian front "supported by the massed blows of artillery and aircraft, have broken through the permanent, deeply echeloned German defenses covering the frontiers of East Prussia." Stalin said. Stalin announced that the Red Army had captured more than 400 towns and villages in East Prussia. Continued on Page Four Board Launches Inquiry in Dock Fire Taking 12 Lives LOS ANGELES, Oct. 23. (UP)— Weary navy crows dragged the body of another burned navy man from LOH Angeles harbor, bringing to 12 the totul of dead in the searing blaze which swept two landing ships and docks on Terminal island Saturday. One other navy man was still missing and 28 navy and civilian workers were seriously Injured. Scores of others were treated for burns and injuries. Eight of the dead were navy personnel and four were civilian workers on the landing craft and docks. San Pedro police said witnesses Indicated the blaze began when "sparks from a welding torch on one of the landing ships dropped into 'the water covered by Toluene, apparently spilled from a navy tanker." Other witnesses said the Toluene, resembling high-test gasoline in appearance and odor, had coated the area several hours before the explosion and fire. A sheet of flame enveloped the two landing ships and leaped to the dock, searing welding trucks and a portable $65,000 crane. The third civilian victim was identified as Barney Trapp, 34, machinist, Los Angeles, whose body was recovered last night. His skull was crushed and authorities said he apparently was killed when he struck piling as he plunged from a flaming landing ship. Navy officials identified the other civilian victim as Jack Stettner, Downey. Witnesses said they saw approximately 51) men, their clothes blazing, plunge from the burning ships into the harbor. Two other landing ships were towed from the dock to safety. Damage to the two medium type landing craft and dock* and lions was estimated at 11,000,000. Jet Engine for Robots MademU. S. FORD COMPANY PRODUCES BUZZ BOMBS SIMILAR TO THOSE OF NAZIS WASHINGTON, Oct. 23. (UR)— A jet propulsion engine for robot bombs—akin to those that the Germans sent against London—is now in production by the Ford Motor Company, it was revealed today. Ford Motor Company officials. with army approval, released a statement saying some of the engines already were being used for "testing" purposes. There wa* some stipulation here that the "buzz bombs" would be hurled back at the Germans if they were perfected before the end of the European \var. ROBOT BOMB STUDIED, RECONSTRUCTED AND FIRBD WRIGHT FIELD, DAYTON. Ohio, Oct, 23. «U»—The V-l robot bomb, Germany's "vengeance weapon," has been studied, reconstructed and fired by the air technical service command which to seeking to turn the bomb'* •ecret* to the Allies' advantage, wa* announced officially today. Command officials Mid that they are not seeking to "copy" the bomb because it destroys at random and "the American mind tend* to accurate destruction of military objectives only, not in hitting homes and civilian population."

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