The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on October 21, 1944 · Page 12
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 12

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Saturday, October 21, 1944
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Soturdoy, October 21, 1944 <£ tutorial of (3TJ)c Califoruian ALFRED HARRELL • DITOl AND paBLI»B«l Entered In post office »t Bakersfleld, California, an second clam mail nnder the act of Congress March 3. 187S). MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS TJit) Associated Press la exclusively entitled to (he use for piihll<-a- tlon of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited In this paper, and also the local news published therein Tn« Bakersfleld Callfornlan Is also a client of the United Tress and receives tts complete wire servlco. « REPRESENTATIVES West-Holiday Co.. Inc. New York. Chic? go, San Frandsco. Los Angeles. SeaUK Portland, Denver WASHINC5TON. D. C., BUREAU The Haskln Service. Washington. D. C. By carrier or mall (in advance) In postal zones one, i wo, threo. per month. 83c. »lx monthB. $5.10: on* yrnr, i'J On. By mall in postal zones four to fight, per month. II P.",. GENERAL MacARTHUR'S RETURN G LNERAL MAcAmiii u has kept liis pledge made more tlian two years ago tlial lie would return to the Philippines and again bring to its inhabitants the freedom which they covet after long months of Japanese domination. Two hundred and fifty thousand men are engaged in the invasion, a (>00- ship armada has been assembled for the drive, two principal landings have been made and tanks, bulldozers and light armored cars are engaged in a smashing onward movement on the Leytc Island. Japanese resistance is feeble and obviously the road lo victory is open. The Filipinos, themselves, will be heartened by Ihe "voice of freedom. General MacArthur speaking." He said in an open declaration: "I have returned by the grace of Almighty God. Our forces stand again on Philippine soil, soil consecrated in the blood of our two peoples. We have come dedicated and committed to the task of destroying every vestige of enemy control over your daily lives and of restoring upon a foundation of indestructible strength the liberties of your people." And he added, "The indomitable spirit of Bataan and Corregidor lead on. As the lines of balllc roll forward lo bring you within the zone of operations, rise and strike. Strike at every favorable opportunity for your homes and hearts, strike in the name of your sacred dead. Let no heart be faint." There will be instant response to the appeal of General MacArthur whose forces both on land and sea are such as lo assure restoration lo the Philippines of its government and the freedom of the population. It was unthinkable that the advantages gained by the Japanese were more than of a temporary character. All along il has been accepted that when General MacArthur notified the world that he would return to relieve that country of its invaders and oppressors, he was not simply making an idle boast but outlining the program for the future. And success in the Philippines is worth something more than one military victory; it is just another step in the campaign that is to place Japan in position where it will never again be able to plunge into war America or any civilized, self-respecting country. A CLOSE CHECKUP H ow closely the forces allied with the Fourth term movement are checking up on the expressions made by opposing candidates is attested by an Associated Press dispatch from New York received at the office of The Californian on Thursday, only two hours after Governor Bricker had made his speech in this city. The Governor of Ohio and candidate for Vice-President declared that a subversive element in the New Deal, dominated by Sidney Hillman and Earl Browder, collected millions of dollars ostensibly for the betterment of labor and is "using that money for the sellish interests of one political party." That was around 9:30 in the morning. By 11:30 Mr. Hillman replied lo Governor Bricker's statement in this cily by saying that he, Mr. Bricker, is "terrified because he knows what will happen with a heavy vole. He smells defeat. He is terrified at the si/e of registration and of the job the P. A. C. has helped to do, to get millions of citizens to register." And Hillman continues that the charges made in Bakersfield by Governor Bricker are "the charges of a candidate gone wild with fear al the grim specter of defeat constantly stalking him and his running mate." Analyzing what the Vice-Presidential candidate said here, his statement is verified by the widespread assessment of funds for wage-earners in aid of the Fourth term cause. And il is charged that threats and intimidation have played an important part in the P. A. C. solicitation of a campaign fund. That report has been widely disseminated through the press and from platforms throughout the country. Nevertheless, it is interesting to observe that its repetition in far away Bakersfield, that is, far away from New York, was in the possession of Mr. Hillman almost immediately and was, in an incredibly short time, followed by the P. A. C. chieftain's charge that Governor Bricker is a candidate who has "gone wild with fear at sight of the grim specter of defeat." The public has rather drawn the inference that fear of defeat in the coming election has been rather definitely emphasized by the actions and activities of the Fourth term propagandists. Certainly a close check is being made upon every expression that has lo do with Hillman's fund raising campaign and his other election activities. That must be true when such expression is so speedily received and denied, the denial finding space in the same issue of this newspaper that carried the context of Governor Bricker's speech, ART ASSOCIATION C OM.MKMUIJI.I-; is the enterprise of the Bak- ersficld Art Association which, founded last monlh, has already sponsored three excellent exhibits here and is planning others. Like the Bakersfield Musical Association, which has enhanced the cultural life of the city, Ibe new organixation is receiving the support of more than .'500 members this early in its activity. Through the hard work of members and friends, the association is already established in its own quarters here and rooms, centrally located, have proved convenient for spectators as well as the founders. Hundreds of persons have already enjoyed the three initial exhibitions of paintings. The rooms of the association have become headquarters here for "life" classes, ceramics and modeling. Many school children have attended the exhibits. It is reported the association plans to incorporate for the protection of its members and to the end that orthodox business practices may be followed in maintaining its life. The Bakersfield Camera Club, in conjunction with the art group, is considering the possibility of establishing darkrooms for members in the same building, a combination which would prove an interesting one. In fls sphere it is hoped that these Bakersfield people will be able to accomplish for the city what the Musical Association has in ils branch of the fine arts. It would certainly seem that the movement is deserving of Ihe support of the city. The charter members may one day look back upon the. association's inception here as another epoch in Bakersfield's cultural development. Tke W a r IT 1 O ay By HAL BOYLE By Associated Prnaa LlliGE. Belgium, Oct. 21. (if)— The Nazis controlled just about everything In Belgium and this "playboy" city on the, Meuse river during their four years stay in these parts—except Lif-gois jitterbugs. How .jittcrbugging ever found its way into this country remains one of the mysteries of the war. Dane- ins was banned !iy the Nazis. Xo one was supposed to have a radio. I they Social life under Gestapo rule was pretty furtive and dangerous. Hut right tinder Nazis noses the Liege lads and lasses developed into the jitteriest jitterbugs this side of Broadway. And that's why one plush little night spot, which looks just like many of its counterparts on Fifty-second street In New York was jumping last night. It started out as a quiet evening. A dark-haired piano player listlessly accompanied a lean blond clarinetist while a bored drummer and a piccolo player occasionally made Ibeniselves heard. Then out of the night and into the don ar.d glare strolled five O. I.s with tommyguns under one arm and musical instruinems under the other. They walked over to the bandstand. the music trailed off into silence and the dancers stopped. Sergeant Bruno Mann) of IflO May- Hard street. San Frnneisco, as fine a. m.'ichmegunner us any platoon ever had, nnlimb»'red his accordion. Sergeant Jim I lie of 190 West Hardy street. T nglewood. Calif., who ;. ;•- casionally drives a tank, blew a few sweet notes on the trumpet while Sergeant Hubert Deacon of Indianapolis, a sometime cook, slid onto the piano bench and grinned at the slartled pianist. Technical Sergeant Charles Funk of Baltimore, gave the drums a few rolls like no platoon sergeant ever did before and Staff Sergeant C.aga of Pass/lie, X. J.. cleared his throat to see if he was in voice. And Private First Class Louis .Timor of Brooklyn, a rifleman, sang a Cow casual harmony notes. The boys began beating out "Flat Foot Floogie" and on the post/ige stamp size, dance floor these Liege youngsters just went out of this world. The Belgian clarinet player jumped j hack on the stand and began giving j like Benny Goodman while the local j jitterbugs went into a fcnzy. After I th;it number the boys slid into "Night and Day." "Smoke Gets in Your Eyes." "Begin the Beguine," "After You're Gone" and all the old favorites, hot and sweet. "It's like that," explained Junod during "Star Dust," all us guys were wounded in battle and sent to a re- placement depot. We sort of drifted together because we liked music, and we'd have jam sessions now and then. The colonel liked it and had us put on a show. "Well, it went over all right, I guess; because now they've got us on the road entertaining the boys and civilians. Today we played at the opera house. You shoulda seen those pooplp. They went wild. They threw flowers and screamed and stomped just like at home, except rlon't throw flowers at me hack there. It was the first time they bad beard swing music on the radio in four years." At tables the people, who had been bored a few minutes before now forgot to drink their champagne, cognac- and Ii(|uors. They kept time with their feet and everyone was laughing arid having a fine time. And before anyone realized it was 2 a. m. and G. I.s tooted "that's all." Then the boys placed up their instruments, slung tom-nyguns over their shoulders and wandered back through the door into the night. A TALL ORDER ATIIKXS DESCRIRKD By KKYXOLPS PACKARD I'Miteri 1'resn '.Viir C'nrrnspnmlcnt ATIHOXS. Oct. 21.—Athens escaped destruction at the hands of the Germans and was coming hack to a de- ^ree <vt' normalcy today. Klertrie lights were working, water was running, and American movies j were being shown at three of the city's theaters today, while enterpris- ! ing street urchins busily tore down | German barbed-wire barricades and ! sold the metal for scrap. | A quick survey by this correspon- 1 dent and I'nlted Press War Corre! spniident Sam Souki indicates the food situation during the German oc- I cupation was not so bad as had been reported, largely because of the work of the Hed Cross, with Allied co-operation. Trices were astonishingly high. One Greek girl climbed into a jeep with some British soldiers and made the Tommies' eyes pop by showering them with 500,000,000 Drachma notes. She told them 500,000.1100 Drachmas wouldn't buy two Greek cigarettes in Athens. Most of the city's shops and cafes are open, although very little food is for sale. Athenians told us, however, that the black market is flourishing and that good meals can be had for a price. There are few indications that the people of Athens suffered extreme privations. Most children look well- fed, although many are dressed in rags. The adults do not appear to have been starving. It probably will take some time, however, before public health conditions can be appraised properly. From the Files of The Californian TEX YEARS AGO (The Callfornlan, this date. 1034) At a simply arranged wedding ceremony Miss Florence Rodoni became the bride of Louis Brandt Sunday. Mr. and Mrs. A. A. Sprehn of the Weed Patch celebrated their twenty- fifth wedding anniversary at a dinner Sunday night at Magunden hall. "Barretts of Wimpole Street" Is proving a success at Fox theater. Expenditures for the year at the tuberculosis sanitorium were cut 20 per cent, according to Dr. E. A. Sena per, superintendent. Sport Headlines: Renegades Defeat U. C. Is. A. Freshmen Here by 15 to 7 Score: Taft Cougars Take Santa Barbara Frosh Easily. Longfellow City School addition will be dedicated Tuesday night. as Col umn. -(By PETEK EUSON)- TWENTY YEARS AGO (Tile Calitiivman, this date. Donald Nichols and Donald Sollen- herger will play two of the leads in the DeMolay play, ."Turn to' the Right," to be directed by Mrs. A. B. Campbell. Due to renewed influx of families, five schools in the county have reopened after a suspension. Miss Margaret Apsley has returned from a visit with relatives in Oakland. Air. and Mrs Bennett R. Nofzlger and two small sons have left for Monterey where Mr. Notziger has accepted a managerial position with a Monterey lumber company. The Reverend Irvin A. Kngle will he the honor guest at a reception Thursday evening at Trinity Methodist Church. T H TD> J he I\ead W ii AHL: reminded of the difficulties that face the Allied nations and other peace- loving people by the situation that exists in Italy. A news release says: "In Ihe Italian cauldron are confused and politically apathetic country folk, wealthy aristocrats toadying lo Anglo-American officers, ex-black slurt small fry, municipal officials scheming to save their jobs, sincere somewhat ineffectual liberals trying to establish a republic and a vast growing left wing under Togliatli, the Italian Communist leader." And in the same release is this thought-provoking statement: "The United Slates and Great Britain arc making efforts lo prevent hunger, to purge Fascists, to foster democracy and at the same time to beat the Xa/is. It is a tall order." In how many nations that are now being liberated or will be, do similar divisions exist among the people? We have evidence that there is no solidarity of sentiment and none of purpose in (ireece, in the Balkan Slates, in Hungary, in Poland, yes, and even in France. World peace is the goal of the most powerful of the Allied nations, and lo insure world peace doubtless the service of armed forces will be required. And so we may conclude even at this early day that solving the crucial problems that will exist in many lands is, indeed, a tall order for the Allied countries. RANDOM NOTES Directing the government of a great stale like that of New York is somewhat of a task in itself. When Mr. Roosevelt took that position in 192'.) he went into oHice with a surplus of 15 millions of dollars. When he left the position four years later to occupy the White House, New York's debt had grown lo 5)1 millions of dollars. When Thomas E. Dewey assumed control of the Governor's oflice he began at once lo build up a fund to be set aside in aid of the returned soldiers and to meet other postwar problems. Last April thai amount had grown lo $100,000,000. Thai is, in effect, a surplus, but set aside for a given purpose. Financial management, then, as between the two slate administrations is most interesting now and perhaps significant as to the future. A l. r t million dollar surplus and a 5)4 million dollar deficit. That is one record. The upbuilding of a U>0 million dollar fund in the present New York administration is another. Also in discussing finances, when President Roosevelt assumed control of Federal affairs the national debt was around $25,000,000,000. Before we entered the war the debt had grown lo $13,000,000,000. The figures are, indeed, worth the attention of the voters who see in exorbitant taxes a definite menace lo future industry and therefore to those millions of people who depend upon industry for labor opportunities. ea iBv LOUISE IB.g r AKKS BANES) H OMJT being brief. Hither comes i the lust for power. Airs. Lyttleton, a duel between reactions of the delineated with Among the books which you may Vuive. missed reading is "The Last of Summer," by Kate O'Brien. Her earlier novel, "The Land of Spices," was chosen by thu booksellers of the nation as a most notable novel, which did not receive the acclaim it should have had. H was a sj.ory of a convent school and a girl who wanted to be a nun, told with a rare charm and delicacy. That same delicacy is evident on every page of "The Last of Summer." The scene Is Ireland, the Ireland of August, 1!),VJ; an isolated eslate is setting for a drama no less passionate and stormy for Angele, the unacknowledged half- Kroneh cousin, to find Hannah, the matriarch with a will of steel, dominating the family. Krom the first page the story Is these two; and the whole family are matchless skill. Robert Nathan, in "But Gently Day," deals with problems of love and time. Henry, a young corporal of today, crashes in an airplane on his way home, and goes to his home to find the furin of three generations before. The important thing about this story is the reassurance It brings its readers that though doubt and perplexity are eternal, still they resolve themselves, and there is always solution for the problems of each decade. "U River Remember," by Martha Ostcuso, is the old story of family conflict winch was ancient when Shakespeare wrote of the Capulets and the Montagues. Here it is the quarrel between the Shaleens and tlii! Wings, pioneer Minnesota families; one prosperous and domineering, one dreamy and gentle. The materialists and the dreamer clash in three generations, but Brill and N'ortna find the happiness their fathers and mothers, their grandfathers and grandmothers missed. The theme of the book Is the idea of the, immigrant who wished to find in the brave new world a life untrammeled by selfishness, but who learned that wherever men anil women go, grasping and selfishness exist. "Indigo," by Christine Weston, is the first memorable novel about India since K M. Korster's "Passage to India." This is a fine novel; from the first page the reader lives in a new world, lost to everything outside. One lives in a small town in India, smelling garbage and jasmine alike, for every side of life is presented. The story deals with the friendship of three men; one the son of French parents, long established in India, one of the son of an Knglish army officer, and one the son of a westernized Hindu lawyer. All of the characters stand out clearly against the background drawn with such skill. Madame de St. Remy, mother of Jacques, is outstanding; a devout, selfish woman, consumed with ambition and with THIRTY YIJAKS AGO (The (.•ulifnrniun. this date. l'J14) District Attorney Rowen Irwin and Attorney Fred E. Borton will speak to voters Thursday night on issues and candidates. Headlines: Allies Attempt to Take Lille from Teutons; Kaiser's Soldiers Again on Offensive in Contest About Paris; British Power on Sea Factor on French Coast; Germans Have Resumed Offensive righting, Claim. Mr. and Mrs. John Altstaetter entertained at a dinner party Monday night in honor of Mrs. M. Johnson of Ijos Angeles. The new Barnes School is nearly completed and will be ready for occupation Saturday. A column entitled "On a Shopping Tour With Tootsie" appears in today's Californian. "Tootsie" predicts that jet will be the lead ornamentation on gowns this year. FORTY YEARS AGO (The CalitnrnuiU. this date, l'J04) Born to Mr. and Mrs. A. Jacobson October 19, a daughter. Good Templars of Kern have reorganized. Meetings are now being held at the home of Mrs. Frank Blalock. A concert was given in Kaar's hall last night by St. Barnabas' guild. Dancing was enjoyed later So foreign policy was going to be kept out of politics. So the matter of the proposed United Nations organization to maintain peace and security wasn't going to be dragged into the presidential campaign as a major issue. So President Roosevelt accepts an invitation to address the Foreign Policy Association's annual dinner In New York. And what do you suppose he'll talk on—Fala's pedigree? With the President himself thus poaching on the foreign policy issue, It becomes open season for shooting at this sacred cow. The tactical question posed for Candidate Dewey is whether to wait till the President has emptied both barrels, or to blaze away first himself. If Dewey adopts the latter course, he can again put the President on the defensive. But as a matter of record Dewey has already sounded off on this question, taking the initiative on August 16 in a statement criticizing the various proposals of the Dumbarton Oaks conference as world domination by the Big Four, as "imperialism which would coerce smaller nations . . . cynical power politics ... an Immoral military alliance." At that time Dewey had not seen any of the drafts submitted at Dumbarton Oaks and frankly, he was shooting in the dark. Secretary of State Cordell Hull was quick to point out that Dewey bad missed the target. But to correct his sights and put him back on the mark, Hull invited Dewey to discuss postwar security plans, and Dewey sent John Foster Dulles to confer. They held three meetings and In a joint statement at their conclusion Hull stated his belief that the American people considered the subject of future peace a non-partisan subject which must ho kept entirely out of politics." Dulles said Governor Dewey shared this view, but. The but in the | understanding which made it no tin- i del-standing at all was Dulles' state• ment that treating it as a non-par- i tisan subject "did not preclude full | public non-partisan discussion of the j means of attaining a lasting peace." j In other words, Dewey and Dulles j were leaving the gates for future ! discussion slightly ajar. wide Dewey then kicked them open in his speech on foreign policy delivered at Louisville September 9: "1 belie v-e that the organization of peace is a subject which should be talked about earnestly, widely and publicly," he said, adding that he would insist that the American people should be fully informed on our efforts to achieve the peace, and that these matters should never be a subject for partisan political advantage by any individual or by any party in or out of power. » Nearly all the remainder of Dewey's foreign policy speech was practically another endorsement of everything the Roosevelt administration has already announced as its postwar foreign policy—punishment of war criminals, complete disarmament of Germany and Japan, close co-operation of the four groat powers, creation of a security organization with a world court, an assembly of soverign nations and a small council empowered to use force and economic sanctions to maintain peace. In a nutshell, this last Is the plan announced at Dumbarton Oaks. The conclusion of Dewey's foreign policy speech and Its only criticism of the Roosevelt foreign policy was a vague sort of warning against the Washington wasters who believed that America was old, and who proposed to buy international goodwill with the contents of American pocketbooks and set up an international WPA." This criticism was never amplified and that was the, last word heard out of Governor Dewey on foreign policy till he tried to adopt Cordell Hull for his administration and got promptly sat on by the tall Tennessean. As far as the record goes, however, it can be seen that Dewey has not kept the question 'of the peacetime foreign policy out of the campaign and on that ground Roosevelt may be entitled to his say-so. And from now on. as says Senator Tom Connally, chairman of tha foreign relations committee, campaign discussion of the peace Iswue is unavoidable. Connally himself is going to make three speeches about it. H ol I y w oo -(By ERSKINE JOHNSON) Kohind the screen: Cecil B. DeMille's favorite granddaughter, 9- year-old Cecilia, was being difficult about saying her prayers one night. Mamma and Papa finally gave up and asked grandpa what he would do. i "Don't worry" said the great C. B. I "she'll say her prayers for me." i But Cecilia was adamant. She re- i fused to say them for C. B., too. j "Okay." said DeMille, "I'll say | them for you." He began. "Our Father, which art in heaven—" the old Englishwoman who lives in a strange house amid a ruinedtgar- den, is fascinating; she Is wise to the point of sadness in the ways of life, and between her and Madame de St. Rerny an unspoken war rages. Every type of Indian life appears in these pages; the Moslem, the English, the French, the Hindu and the untouchable all play parts. These are hooks well worth reading, which you may have missed. All of them may he borrowed through any branch of the Kern County Library. SO THEY SAY I don't think the American soldiers liked Egypt very much. I used to try to persuade them that Egypt was a very interesting place, rich in civilization and that people paid a lot of money to see Egypt in peacetime. They thought a great civilization is founded on great plumbing. —Colonel Arnold Whitridge, Ninth Army Air Force. The Allies' victory will not be complete 1C the military defeat of Germany is not followed by an economic disarmament and if effective measures against German monopolies and cartels tire not taken.— Red Star, Russian newspaper. I am certain that the President (of the United Slates) at no time ever had in mind that any of the United Nations was going to pay (for lend- leasc) in cash.—New Zealand Finance Minister Walter Nash. I can iisure the House (of Commons) that the war against the Japanese and other diseases of the jungle will be pressed forward with the utmost energy.—Winston Churchill. with music furnished by Mrs. A. T. i Cecilia listened for a moment and Neff arid P. H. Herbert. (then, grinning, interrupted with. One hundred thousand men are ] "This is Cecil B. DeMille speaking now idle in Chicago alone. Republicans will fight the claim j of a working girl for living wages to you E. At. Roberts was chairman of a committee in charge of an excursion to AIcKlttrick, participated in by a large crowd last night. FIFTY YEARS AGO (The ClUit'orniail. tills clule, 1801) As R. P. Fox, young Englishman, was passing the residence of E. A. Baer, an unknown person stepped from the shadow of a tree and swung at him with a knife. Fox received a slash through his coat, vest, shirt and undershirt, and a skin scratch. He then ran for his life. Officers Tibbet and Yancey are looking for a bold robber who entered store of II. Muugai on Nineteenth street and stole a pile of shirts. Captain J. A. Smith left Saturday for England, where he will drum up immigrants for Kern county. There is considerable talk of organizing a vigilante committee to rid the. town of hoboes and footpads. Princess Alix received a dispatch from the Czarevitch, saying the Czar feels better today. from Hollywood." Jascha. Heifetx's summer home at Balboa Bay, Calif., was built for privacy. It is on an island linked to the mainland by a single bridge. The bridge is barred to the public. But when he built the home, Jascha didn't know about an excursion boat which makes hourly trips around the bay. Sunning himself on his private beach for the first time, Jascha was startled to see a boatload of people staring at him from a few yards offshore. A guide was saying: "There's the sutnmer home of Jascha Heifetz—and there's Air. Heifetz now." Jascha fled into the house, telephoned the police and asked couldn't they please do something about the sightseers. The police said they couldn't. So Jascha made a deal with the excursion boat guide. He still points out the house as the home of Heifetz. But if he spots Jascha on the beach, he ignores him. Producer Joe Sistrom was ribbing Writer Billy Wilder about his screen version of "The Lost Weekend," the story of a three-day drunk. "What are you going to do," asked Sistrom, "give Ray Milland a few drinks to get him in the mood? "Mr. Milland." deadpauned AVilder, "will be conspicuous by his abstin- ance." Buddy DeSylva is a soft-spoken man. Hollywood writers nfe not always so. Following a particularly stormy conference during which De- Sylva won the argument with his usual method of soft voicing his way through, one of the writers expressed amazement. "It's very simple," explained De- Sylva, "I whisper. In Hollywood a whisper is so unusual that everyone listens to it with profound surprise." When Robert Hutton. the kid who scored a hit in "Destination Tokyo," first applied for a film Job at the New York offices of Warner Brothers they asked if he had any experience on Broadway. "Sure." said Bob, "I was an usher at the Strand Theater." Guinn (Big Boy) Williams, the husky character actor whose face looks like it once stopped a flying bomb, received a fan letter from a marine sergeant in the south Pacific. It was addressed to "Miss Guinn Williams," and requested a pin-up picture. With elephantine humor, Big Boy looked up the still photographer of his new Columbia movie "Sing Ale a Song of Texas." The cam'eraman took a picture of Will- lams draped in a couple of burlap sacks and it was promptly dispatched to the marine with the inscription "To Sargie, with love, from Guinny." Copyright, 1944, NEA Service, Inc. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY He that hath an ear, let him lie.nr what the Spirit saith into tlie churches. — Revelation 3:6'. • * « » One ear It heard, at the other out It went.—Chaucer. oimt of V ew uaestioais < (Uv THIS HASKIN SEKVICK)- A A nswers Q. Do a person's fingerprints ever change'.'—M. 1C. G. A. Gallon demonstrated that the patterns made by the ridges are changeless and indestructible. They do not alter by reason of occupation, diet, health or other circumstances. In examining Egyptian mummies tlu> scientist found that finger tips were clearly visible filMlO years after death. Q. Arc the days growing longer or shorter throughout the year'.'— K. C). K. A. Krictiou of tides acts as a brake on the earth, and lengthens the days 1/1000 of a second in 100 years. Q. In what direction should the wheels of tin automobile be turned when parking on a hill?—S. N. A. A. The front wheels should be turned so that the, car will run into the curb and not away from it, if the car should start to roll. A. In I!»»9, at the age of 70, he walked 3895 miles from New York to Sun Francisco In 10!> days, nnd si year later he walked from Los Angeles to New York, a distance of 34S3 miles, in 77 days. Q. How much milk does U take to Pa >' so " u ( ' s take a pound of butter?—M. S. B. 00 """, y -~ i3 ' make a potin A. To make one pound of butter 9.77 quarts of milk are required. It takes 4.60 quarts for a pound of cheese. Q. What makes it possible for a whale to stay under water so long? —N. O. F. A. The whale is able to store enough oxygen in the blood lo supply him during a, long, deep dive. The nostrils close, and other muscles shut off the passage to the throat so that no water reaches the lungs even when the, mouth Is opened. Q. How often is a new comet discovered?—F. F. A. A. Comets are discovered at an average rate of five a year, though as many as 13 were discovered in I'.loL', a particularly good year. The majority are faint and can be seen only with telescopes or binoculars. Q. Are there any metal alloys that arc harder than diamond?—T. R. D. A. The diamond Is the only thing known to man that is harder than some of the alloys recently developed. Q. How many thicknesses has plywood?—T. R. K. A. Plywood may have one thick board of cheap wood and two of hardwood, or it may consist of a large number of thin layers. Q. How long did it take Edward Weston to walk across the L. V. A leiuirr c-nn net HIP onswer 10 my question or Hut by writing Tb« llj^rarielil Cillfornlsn Info. in. lion Huretu. 31(1 Kve Sir cot. N. K Washington. 2. D. C. l'k>««e uidrui* three (3) oaou foe rerlj • NATIONAL DEBT Editor The Californian: The abysmal ignorance of the simplest rules of economics and finance of so many of our people appalls me. This is brought to light continuously when political discussions arise. How many times we hear the remark that we are so much better off today because of higher wages and because many of us have a backlog of l«mds now. If we could just forget the gross amount of the pay check and consider only what is left after all governmental deductions, if we would realize that bond purchases arc merely advance tax payments to government (thoroughly necessary and good business) and that each worker now owes $4000 personally on the national debt, we would realize we are not so deliriously prosperous. If we would also remember Mr Roosevelt's warning in 193:. 1 that "All taxes are paid by the sweat of tho workers" we would then awaken to the facts that it la- only a sweet dream we are having much like the sweet dream of 1929 when our goal was a millionaire in every home through somethlng-for- nothing stock speculation. What would I do about it? I would take a chance and vote for a thorough housecleaning in Washington in the hope that a new administration might throw out the bungling, loose and extravagant financial practices of the last 12 years. A new crowd working 24 hours a day could not possibly dig us into a bigger financial hole. We have nothing to lose and it might be an Improvement. DIOGENES. FOR ROOSKVELT Editor The Californian: What was Governor Dewey doing, where was he living before F. D. R.? His statement "Roosevelt depression," burns me up. If he Is the trig brain-trust the Republicans claim, he would never say that. No one believes It, neither does he. From 1936 until this very day, anyone who didn't have work was not wanting it. From 1920 until 1941—my work was in restaurants and hotels; from 1920 until 1933, my wages were from $11.25 to $15, tor* wages then, for six <Jay8, eight hours, and all overtime was an oversight on pay-day. Since 1933 wages have gone up until today I can get more than twice that amount and time and one-half for all overtime. There are plenty of jobs to choose from. Best of all is knowing long before we were ever in this war, men and women no longer needed to walk the roads and ride freights looking for that elusive "Hoover job." True our President has spent millions of dollars In his 12 years. But he has filled millions of hungry bellies, don't forget it. Now all you people who have the wrinkles out, remember it was 'the "tired old man" who 'helped you get them out. And I'm sure Kern county people don't want John Steinbeck to write another "Grapes of Wrath." So vote for a real American, above all a humanitarian. Three terms down, the fourth assured. Vote for Roosuvelt. "AN OLD TRADITION BUSTER." CAMS FAM1L1AR1S Editor The Californian: Here are a few words for your "Readers' Viewpoints," if you can spare the space. To all dog lovers. First let me s.ay I like dogs and I have had many of such pets. But don't you think there is a place for dogs? Shall be' say In there own back yards. Then no one would have any kick coming. Would they? And may I say It would be safe to let your little children out on the sidewalks In front of their homes, without the fear that someone's "Honey" might come along and" bit the children. It can happen and does. That is where my little girl was when she was bit on the face by a "beautiful thoroughbred." As a matter of fact It has happened three times. All thoroughbreds too. And I have had some pretty nice things torn off of the clothes lines by someones pet, too. But I still can say 1 like dogs and would have one If I was sure I could keep It from bothering or biting other people. And the only way I can see to do that Is to keep them in their "place." In their own backyard. Something I don't have is a fence aroun.d my backyard, so until then, I will let other people enjoy their pets at their best. While I clean up my yard. SAFETY FOR CHILDREN FIRST PRESIDENTIAL PROMISES Editor The Californian: We hear a lot about our candidates running for president slinging mud. Who throws the most mud? Those running for office, or the voters, you and I? In my little business hear remarks, "Well, tonight we will listen to Dewey's lies," to "tonight we will listen to Roosevelt's lies." Yet you ask them when did he lie and they can't tell you. They t have nothing to back up what they say. Did you ever hear of a president living up to all of his promises? I never did and I have voted for over 30 years. How can they, unless they know what kind of a Congress they ' are going to have? Did Roosevelt live up to all of his promises? No, I will just quote two. "I will reduce taxes. I will do away with these extra commissions." Did he? No! Can Dewey do all he says he will? No! Why in the name of''heaven don't a candidate say I will do my best to do these things instead of I will. F. J. HUGHES. Bakersfield, Calif. COMMENDS LEGION Editor The Californian: I would like to commend the American Legion and your newspaper for the splendid book of pictures of our boys and girls of Kern county who are serving their country today. Besides the thousands of pictures in the book I was agreeably surprised to find that it also contains 54 pages of absorbing reading matter on the history of our county. Your co-operation with the Legion In making this volume possible will • be appreciated by the parents of the service men and women and also by the lioys and girls themselves more and, jnore as the years pass. J. H. McNAUGHTON. Box 1500, Bakersfleld. GOLDEN RULE Editor The Californian: Every one has a pet peeve. IB It a neighbor dog chained against a sleeping room on collar, just a chain around his neck so he can bark, or is It a lady setting on a seat with a small child on half the seat? Also old people standing up. Do you do that? One who believes in the Golden Rule. MRS. G. 8. i

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