The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on October 21, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Saturday, October 21, 1944
Page 1
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MACATHUR S AVENGERS SMASH JAP TORTURE TROOPS ON LEYTE THE WEATHER Trmrerllturn His'n ycaterday _„... 89 Low today OS Rainfall Sfaoon (Airport) 14 Veur ago (Airport) _ 11 M-Hour Total (Airport 1 11 Season (Land f'ompony) 1-1 Ynar tiffo (Land Company)... 17 24-Hnur Tola I (Land f'ompany) 14 Forecast Pirtly cloudy anil cooler today with few widely scattered nhowern <iver mountains late thi» afternoon. Clear and warmer .Sunday. Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1944 12 PAGES No. 71 Bomb Hits Flood Dieuze Canadian First Army Slugs Out Gains in Drive for Big Port SUPREME HEADQUARTERS OF ALLIED EXPEDI- TfONARY FORCE, PARIS, Oct. 21. (U.E)—The German commander of the Aachen garrison surrendered himself and GOO survivors today, running up a while flag over a command post in the western outskirts a day after the American First Army had completed the city's conquest. The commander. Colonel AVilek, pivi> up 11 duys after he had rejected Lieutenuut-tionernl Courtney H. Hodges' ultimatum and forced u .showdown battle through the streets of the ruined city. The formal surrender came at 12:05 p. m. It brought to 1500 the number of Germans captured in the Aachen pocket. American troops swinging into action north of Aachen advanced two- thirds of a mile In the Worselen area, a front dispatch reporting the Nazi surrender said. To the south, American Thunderbolts blasted a 50-foot breach in the Lake Etang de Line]re dam 2 miles southeast of Dieuze and lossed a torrent which swirled today through the streets of the transport center 25 miles northeast of Nancy. Troops of the Canadian First Army drove to the area of Breskens and appeared to be closing in on the town on the south bank of the Schelde estuary, one of the key Etrongpoints denying the use of Antwerp's port facilities to the Allies. Farther east other Canadian forces driving northward beyond Antwerp gained nearly 3 miles to run their total advance since the push began yesterday to nearly 6 miles. United States Thunderbolts blasted a SO-foot breach in the Lake Etang de Lindre dam 2 miles southeast of Dieuze and the loosed torrent swirled today through the streets of the vital transport center 25 miles northeast of Nancy. United States Third Army front Dispatches, reporting the break in the ancient earthen structure with 2000-pound bombs, said 2 feet of flood water was gushing through Dieuze, drowning out Nazi traffic at "the collection point of German armored supplies. Supreme headquarters announced that the Canadian First Army had smashed forward more than 3 miles to the area of Lonhout in its new drive north of Antwerp advancing the campaign to free the big port as a prime gateway for supplying the western front. Aachen Activity German forces moved swiftly on the Aachen front in • an effort to prevent the American First Army from exploiting the capture of the city. They laid down an intense ar- Continued on Page Eleven Index lo Advertisers Page Abrains, Dr. R. F 2 Amateur Boxing X Arvin Theater 6 A&P Stores 2, 6, .X Beardsley Dance 6 Booth's 2 Brock's 2 Calvary Full Gospel 2 Citizens Laundry 2 Clauses in Violin fi Colonial Inn 6 Congregational Church 2 Culliton, John W 2 Creative Arts Exhibit 3 Dr. Dayman's Animal Hospital 3 El Patio Pavilion ti Flickinger-Digier 11 Fox Theaters 6 Full Gospel Tabernacle 2 Granada Theater 6 Horse Races 8 Ivers Furniture 8 Jess and Polly's 6 KERN 8 Kern Council Labor , 8 Kimball & Stone 3 KPMC 8 La Granada Ballroom 6 Urn. T .. 2 Long, Dr. S. C 3 Mar-Vo-Ai<l 3 Phillips Music Co 2 Rlalto Theater 6 River Theater 6 Rolling Hills Riding Club 6 Salvation Army 2 Southern Kitchen 6 Southside Assembly of God 2 Texas Tornados Dance 6 The Barn 8 Union Avenue Dance 6 Union Cemetery -.7,11 Urner's 3 U. 8. Employment Service 8 Virginia Theater _ 6 Xavier Cugat «i Ohio Holocaust Toll Set at 100 Death Toll Expected to Reach 120 in Fire Started by Gas Storage Tank Explosion; Blaze Lays Waste 50 Blocks, Many Homeless CLEVELAND, Oct. 21. (U.E)—The death loll in Cleveland's most devastating fire in history will "exceed 100," Coroner Samuel R. Gcrher predicted today, as volunteers searched the smouldering, charred ruins of a 50-hlock industrial arid residential area and uncovered 71 known dead. A total of 47 bodies were brought to the county morgue, F. D. R. TOURS NEW YORK CITY PRESIDENT TO SPEAK TONIGHT AT DEMO RALLY By HOWARD *LIEGEK NEW YORK, Oct. 21. OP)—President Roosevelt—traveling in the twin role of cominander-in-chief and candidate for office—brought the fourth term campaign into New York City today for a round of military inspections and political appearances. He visited the Brooklyn Navy Yard and other war installations, but he was dressed for campaigning, an old felt hat and his favorite navy cape, and the first public word he spoke was a political endorsement for Senator Robert F Wagner (D-K. Y.), in a rally at Ebbets Field. The. President said his "old friend Bob Wagner" deserves well of mankind, and should be returned to the Senate for another term. Mrs. Roosevelt sat with him in his car in Ebbets Field as he made the brief talk. 16.000 Brave Drizzle Mayor F. H. LaGuardia estimated 16,000 persons braved a drizzle to attend the rally. The seating capacity of the park is 32,000. The lower stands were well filled and spectators took up part of the space in the upper stands as Mr. Roosevelt entered the park. A chant "we want Roosevelt" swelled from the crowd as his car moved up the ramp to speak. The President, shedding the secrecy that has surrounded his travels since America entered the war, arrived at the New York port of embarkation's Brooklyn Army Base at 7:13 a. m. (E. AV. T.) and began his tour of the base at 9:58 a. m.: riding in an open car with Mayor F. H. La- Guardia, Brooklyn Democratic Leader Frank Kelly and John J. Cashmore, Brooklyn borough president. Greeted by Soldiers Soldiers and civilians greeted the President during a 5-minute ride about the army base. Most of the crowd watched from windows, a steady rain beating down on the Presidential car. Outside the gates Mr. Roosevelt was cheered as he left the base for the Brooklyn Navy Yard. Sitting beside the President, and apparently enjoying the rain, was Fala, Mr. Roosevelt's black Scottie. On his crowded schedule were an appearance at an Ebbets Field Democratic rally, visits to four of the city's boroughs and a major address before the Foreign Policy Association in the Waldorf Astoria hotel at 9:30 p. m. (E. W. T., NBC and Blue.) It was Mr. Roosevelt's first public appearance outside Washington since the campaign reached the intensive stage, and It presaged other political trips for the chief executive Already scheduled are speeches in Philadelphia next Friday and in Bos- Contlnued on Page Two while 24 other victims still lie in a virtually cremated state at the scene of the catastrophe. Police, reported '59 persons "missing" but indicated that many of them were presumed to tie among the 54 unidentified dead. Coroner Gerber made his prediction of a "high death toll" as he surveyed the flame-seared area completely laid waste by the huge blaze. Rescue workers said there are "plenty of bodies lying around" in the 50-block area laid waste by the flaming holocaust, but pointed out that they couldn't be reached while the fire continued to burn with any intensity. Civil authorities broadcast a citywide appeal asking relatives and friends to report missing persons Immediately. Forty-seven bodies, many of them children, were at the county morgue. Most of these victims, police said, were recovered from the fringes of the fire area. Two other persons died of injuries in hospitals, and the bodies of an additional 10 victims were reported still at the scene. Storage Tank Explodes Cooney said he expected the death toll to rise rapidly as soon as firemen were able to probe among the ruins of the gas company plant, where an explosion of a storage tank Friday afternoon started the holocaust. The initial blast was followed by five other major explosions which kept fire sweeping across the area in all directions to nearby buildings and homes. Unofficial estimates placed the damage at nearly $10,000,000. At least 200 were injured and all hospitals in the city were jammed. Coroner Samuel Gerber said he expected additional deaths due to injuries. Authorities discussed converting the central armory In downtown Cleveland into an emergency morgue. Reminiscent of the Cleveland clinic blaze which snuffed out 124 lives in 1929, the fire raged out of control nine hours before it was brought virtually under control at midnight. Mayor Frank J. Lausche ordered continued evacuation of all homes and buildings on the fringe of the area as a precautionary measure. Approximately 165 buildings were located in the area, including private homes and apartment houses. Virtually all of these structures were razed. Unofficial estimates of the homeless ranged from 1500 to 3600. Transport Picks Up Glider From Holland * ADVANCED UNITED STATES TROOP CARRIER FORCES BASE IN HOLLAND, Oct. 21. OR—An army transport swooped over a sugar beet field today and successfully used a new pickup apparatus to snatch from the sodden earth one of the gliders which carried troops from the airborne invasion of Holland. Political Power Over Labor for Cash Blasted by Dewey ALBANY, N. Y,, Oct. 21. (UP.)— Governor Thomas E. Dewey returned to Albany for the week end today after charging President Roosevelt was attempting to establish one-man rule over labor. The Republican presidential candidate, who accused the Roosevelt administration of "playing with the rights of labor for political power and political cash," made his second bid for support of the working men and women in a nation-wide campaign speech from Pittsburgh last night. Governor Thomas E. Dewey bid for labor support in the November election today with a pledge that a Republican victory would end what he charged is one-man rule that is "playing with the rights of labor for political power and political cash." The Republican presidential candidate sounded the charge against the Roosevelt administration's labor policies last night in the' second major labor spee*h of bis campaign and his second campaign appearance in Pennsylvania. He cited the case of the railroad brotherhoods' wage demand last year, called attention to the fact that the workers got an increase after retaining Edward J. Flynn, former Democratic national chairman, as their attorney, and told a cheering audience of nearly 10,000 in Pittsburgh's Hunt Armory: '"That sort of business must come to an end in this country. Political bosses and one-man government must not be allowed to keep a stranglehold on the rights of our working, people." The crowd, which braved the first rain Dewey has encountered in six weeks of active campaigning, cheered him often and lustily. Reviewing the railway labor case from its start, Dewey declared that the regular mediation processes of the 1926 railway labor act were being followed until "the grasping hand of one-man rule reached in and set itself above the law." "Mr. Roosevelt's economic etabill- Contlnucd on Put Two Gov. Warren Develops New Complications SACRAMENTO. Oct. 21. <U.R> — Governor Earl Warren bus developed an infection in hi.s right kidney, Dr. .1. U. Harris, who sent Warren to the hospital Tuesday for treatment of influenza, revealed at 1:1."> p. ni. today. Doctor Harris said the infection became apparent v shortly before noon and Mr. Nathan G. Hale, urology specialist, was called into consultation. Doctor Harris added Hint the governor's temperature still is normal, and said that "while the governor is very ill, \ve do not feel alarmed at the present time." RUSSIANS'SMASH REICH DEFENSES NAZIS SAY BATTLE RAGING ON WIDE FRONT U. S. PHILIPPINE INVADERS SEIZE DULAG, AIRFIELDS AS NIP RESISTANCE MOUNTS LONDON, Oet 21. (UP)— The. Soviet communique reported tonight that the Red Army advancing north and northeast of De- brecen in Hungary has captured more than 40 inhabited points. LONDON. Oct. 21. (UP.)—Berlin reported today that massive Russian armored columns had smashed 20 miles into East Prussia and reached a road due south of Gumblnnen, a town only 1(1 miles from the^nster- burg rail and highway- hub. Ernst von Hammer. Nazi news bureau commentator, said the German defenders of East Prussia had been forced to withdraw to previously prepared positions in the face of Russian attacks which carried to the Gumbinnen-Goldap road. Nazi broadcasts indicated that the Russians were caving in the East Prussian defenses by sheer weight of armor and infantry in a drive to flank the historic Masurian lakes from the area of Rominten Heath. Rominten Heath lies just beyond the Suwalki triangle which Adolf Hitler annexed in 1939. The Nazi commentators did not specifically locate the most forward Soviet penetration, but it appeared that the Red Army was at least 16 miles inside East Prussia on a front of 15 miles which was beginning to mushroom. Big Armored Force The Russians apparently had one of their most powerful armored forces in operation. The Nazis claimed they had knocked out 463 Russian tanks in five days' fighting, 109 of them yesterday. The break-in by Soviet tanks Continued on Page Eleven FLASHES WILLKIE WAS UNDECIDED RUSHVILLE, Irid., Oct. 21. (U.B Mrs. Wendell L. Willkie announced today that her husband, the 1940 Republican presidential nominee and author of "One World," had not decided whom he favored in the November presidential election at the time of his death. DARE ME WINS LAUREL, Md.. Oct. 21. (U.B— Dare Me, a brown filly which had won but 4 races In 2 years, took the lead from the odds-on favored Twilight Tear in the stretch and went on to score a three length upset victory in the mud in the thirtieth running of the $15,000 added Maryland handicap at Laurel Park today. "Remember Bataan" Battle Cry Spurs Yanks in Drive By United Press Spurred by Hie battle-cry, "Remember Bataan," the greatest American invasion force of the Pacific war strenghtened its hold on Leyte island in the central Philippines today while Tokyo reported a new American air attack on Mindanao island to the south. The invaders, attacking behind tanks arid flame-throwers, seized the road junction of Dulng and possibly two airfields on the east coast of Leyte against increasing Japanese resistance. Veterans of the Sixth Army at the northern end of Leyte stormed the defenses of Tacoblan, the capital, and unconfirmed reports said they had seized the airfields on a peninsula, 3 miles across a bay from the city. There was no word on the fate of the airfield at Dulag which was seized by doughboys, thrusting inland from the central beachhead, but the lightness of opposition indicated it may have been overrun. Attackers were digging the Japanese out of foxholes with bayonets and blasting their strong points with fire, shells, bullets, and grenades with added satisfaction in the knowledge that their opponents were from the hated Fifteenth Japanese division which tortured their buddies of Bataan during the nortorlous "march of death" two and half years ago. ToUyo Admits Landing A Japanese communique acknowledged for the first time today that the Americans had landed on Leyte although Tokyo radio reported it yesterday. The communique paid the Japanese were "cutting deep" into the American bridgeheads. Emperor Hirohito, another Tokyo broadcast said, commended three top ranking Japanese officers for the "victory" at Formosa, admitted that the war situation was becoming "more pressing daily" and stressed the need for co-operation. A German D. N. B. Tokyo dispatch said 60 American bombers and fighters made a new attack yesterday on Davao on the southeast coast of Mindanao. Rangoon Attacked The Japanese Domei news agency reported that fiS American planes attacked Rangoon, capital of Burma, yesterday in three waves and "slightly damaged" ground installations. The broadcast claimed two of the fighters were shot down and six damaged against ,-i loss of one Japanese plane. Reinforcements of men and supplies continue to flow ashore on Leyte in a steady stream as ground forces consolidated their bridgeheads and struck inland. MacArthur tolil correspondents that the operations were proceeding "according to plan." American casualties have been "exceedingly light" in the first phase of the Invasion. MacArthur's second Continued-on Fuse Two —Califoml«n-NEA T«lephoto MacAKTIIUR'S GOAL—This is an airview of Tacloban, capital city of strategic Leyte island In the Philippines invaded by General Douglas Mac-Arthur's giant invasion army. Yanks, attacking behind tanks and flame throwers, seized the road junction of Dulng: and possibly two airfields on east coast of Leyte and are beading for the capital city. United States Navy photo. Philippines' Freedom Due After Taken OSMENA SAYS ROOSEVELT PROMISED INDEPENDENCE BEFORE AGREED DATE GUERRILLAS PAY JAPS FOR TRIALS BY GIVING M ARTHUR INFORMATION EXPERTS BELIEVE ENEMY'S EMPIRE WILL BE CUT IN TWO WHEN AIR SUPREMACY ESTABLISHED MucARTIIUR'S HEADQUARTERS. LEYTE. Oct. 21. (UP)—Independence of the Philippines will be granted by the United States shortly alter expulsion of the Japanese from the islands, Sergei Osmcna. president of the Philippines, told his people today in leaflets urging them to "strike hard against the enemy." Osmena, who accompanied General Douglas MacArthur on Ills return with invasion forces, said President Franklin Roosevelt had assured him that the Filipinos would achieve their independence, before July 4, 1946, the previous agreed date. "The- freedom for which our heroes fought and fell from Bal- intawak to Bataan, for which our | zation of stronger positions nearby. AVASIIIXGTOX, Oct. 21. (U.E)—American and Filipino guerrillas appeared today to have paid off the Japanese for 1 l /-> years of rigorous hardship in the Philippine jungles by supplying General Douglas MacArthur with information contributing greatly to the success of the landings on Leyte island. Military ol)-- .servcrs saw evidence of the guerrilla's work in the fact that MacArthur's knowledge of defense plans was so complete that he calmly announced that 250,000 enemy troops were on the islands and then proceeded to list by name the seven Japanese divisions in the invasion sector. This information, it was said, may well have been based on guerrilla reports, sent to MacArthur by radio or submarine. In all his past offensives in the Pacific, MacArlhur has displayed a genius for being able to take the surprise by moving into a soft spot that could lead to neutral!- gallant forces and unconquerable citizenry are still relentlessly resisting the enemy is ours at last," Osmena said. "Strike when the tide of battle has reached your town." he instructed the Filipinos. "On that day strike hard against the enemy, wherever you find him, and fight, fight as did Lapnlapu and Dogohoy ami Gregoria del Pilar, without counting the cost." f \*. -Culitoinlall-i'i'EA Tek'litiuno PHILIPPINE INVASION NAVAL LEADERS—Powerful naval striking forces under command of these naval officers carried MacArthur's 250,000 men to the Philippines and provided the air and sea bombard. ment that paved the way for landing forces. Left to right: Vice-Admiral Thomas S. Wilkinson, commander, Third Fleet amphibious forces; Vice-Admlral T. C. Klnkaid. commander of Allied naval forces iti southwest Pacific; and Rear-Admiral Daniel E. Burbey, commander of Seventh Fleet amphibious forces. United States Navy photo This ho did again at Leyte. Never before, however, has he or any other commander indicated openly such complete knowledge of the enemy's defenses. It was pointed out th:it MacArlhur's act in no sense presented further danger for the guerrillas since the Japanese already have had two ami a half years to find them out and admittedly have had little success. Genius fur Surprise Meanwhile, experts here believed MacArthur's prediction that the Philippines campaign will cut Japan's stolen empire in two will be fulfilled when American forces establish air domination throughout the archipelago. This, it was pointed out, can be, accomplished without full occupation of the islands. Once, the aerial supremacy !.s established, enemy shipping moving between Japan and southeast Asia and the East Indias could do so only at great hazard. An aerial blockade based in the Philippines, alone, however, would not necessarily be complete because of the several hundred miles of the China Sea between the islands ami the Asiatic coast. The blockade could be completed by assignment of strong carrier task forces in the area or by seizure of new air bases on Formosa or the Chinese coast. The United Slates has made no secret of its Intention to drive ultimately to the Chinese mainland. B-25 Output Halted by Kansas Strike KANSAS CITY, Kan., Oct. 21. (UP) The nation's entire flow of B-25 bombers for the fighting fronts was halted today by a strike at the plant of Kansas, sole producers of the Billy Mitchell medium bombers. Trio Seizes Control of Guatemala PONCE'S REGIME IS OVERTHROWN IN REVOLT OF OFFICERS, STUDENTS GUATEMALA CITY, Oct. 21. UP) A triumvirate composed of Captain Jacob Arben, Major Arana and llorge Torieilo, a civilian, was in control of the government of Guatemala today following a revolution of young army officers and university students. The regime of President General Fcderico Ponce was overthrown in the uprising, which produced a 12-hour battle yesterday In the streets of this capital. General Federico Corado, the commander of the guard, was killed at the beginning of the revolt. In Mexico City. Vicente Saenz, supplied with modern weapons. Including tanks, armored cars and machineguns. blew up the forts at .San Joye and Matamoros which dominated the capital. Ponce surrendered when the revolutionaries threatened to blow up the national palace. In Mexico City, Vicente Saenz, general secretary of the Union Democratic^ Centroamerica. said the revolution was a popular uprising designed to restore "authentic democracy" to the country, and added that it would have an enormous effect In El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua. (A report from San Jose, Costa Rica, quoting sources close to the Costa Kicun government, said at least 40 persons were killed in clashes continuing in Honduras. In Washington, the state department was studying reports of the uprising at this time. It denied it report that the ousted Guatemalan president and members of his cabinet had found refuge in the United States embassy in Guatemala City.) NIAGARA FALLS LIGHTS NIAGARA FALLS. Ont., Oct. Zt OP)—Glunt searchlights, throwing 1.440,000,000 candlepower of light, will be turned on the Niagara Fall* of North American Aviation, Incrrf«.Kain tonight, resuming the nightly illumination which was discontinued in 1942 because ot power restriction*

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