The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on October 20, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Friday, October 20, 1944
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INVASION ARMY SMASHES ON LEYTE CAPITAL AND AIRSTRIP THE WEATHER Temperature HiBh yrwterday 93 Low today 56 Rainfall Reason (Airport) T V^ar ago (Airport) 01 Sim.son (Lund riompany) T Year ago (Land Company) 03 Fnrwast Nlre weather with few scattered Clouds today, tonight and Saturday. Text of Mac Arthur's Invasion Message Appears on Page 4 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 20, 1944 16 PAGES No. 70 Yanks Complete Aachen Mop-Up Yanks Capture Bruyeres, Key Road Hub, and Vital Gates to Upper Rhineland Above Belfort; Holland Drive on Maas Bogs Down SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, PARIS, Oct. 20. <U.P)~The American First Army completed the mopup of Aachen today, crushing the last Nazi resistance in the western outskirts of the first great American city to fall to the Allies. "The great pile of rubble that once was Charlemagne's capital now is entirely REDS, PARTISANS TAKE BELGRADE DEBRECEN, HUNGARY'S THIRD CITY, FALLS LONDON, Oct. 20. W»—Belgrade, capital of Yugoslavia, has been liberated, Marshal Stalin announced tonight. It was the second order of the day to set Moscow's victory guns to lighting the skies with flares and It marked the end of days of savage,street fighting by the Red Army and the Yugoslav Partisans of Marshal Tito. Earlier, the Russians announced the capture of Debrecen, Hungary's third city, 116 miles east of Budapest. Gun Salute Ordered Stalin's order said Belgrade, held by the Germans since the conquest of Yugoslavia in 1941, fell to the combined forces of Marshal Fedor Tolbukhln's Third Ukrainian Army Rroup and Tito's National Army of Liberation "after stubborn fighting which completed mopping up the German garrison." He ordered a salute of 24 salvos from 324 guns. The fall of Debrecen was announced an hour before. Earlier, the Germans announced the loss of the city of 122,517 and said the Red Army had pulled up to another ' section of the East Prussian frontier 20 miles south of fallen Eydtkau, massing vast tank forces in the Rominter Heide, a favorite deer forest of the late Kaiser Wilhelm II. The victory was ordered saluted In Moscow with 20 salvos from 224 guns. Other Russian forces were last reported within 50 miles of Budapest. The Russians at midnight an- jiounced 11,000 prisoners were taken nouth of the old walled town which has become the junction of several railroads. A great tank battle had been raging there for two weeks and •the Germans said 418 Russian tanks were destroyed in the fray. Moscow said the Germans lost 1528 tanks. Possibly a decisive battle was shaping up along the north, east and south frontiers of East Prussia. Berlin frankly asesrted that "the twin battle for East Prussia is nearing a climax." Moscow said nothing of the four- day offensive but allowed A. P. correspondents to radio that "the Russians entered Reich territory." Three enormous Russian Army groups are drawn up along the Continued on Page Two Index to Advertisers Page Abrams, Dr. R. F 2 Arvin Theater 10 Reardsley Dance 10 Booth's 2 Brock's 3 Citizens Laundry 8 Classes in Violin 10 Coffee, Harry 2, 7 Colonial Inn 1(1 Culliton, John W 8 Eastern 11 El Patio Pavilllon 10 Egger's 6 Fairfax Grange 10 Flickinger-Digier 15 Fox Theaters 10 Glngras & Neely 7 Goodrich Silvertown Stores 11 Granada Theater 10 Hayward Lumber Co 3 Ivers Furniture 10 KERN 10 KPMC 10 La Granada Ballroom 10 Lawson's 3 Lim. T 8 Long, Dr. S. C 3 Mar-Vo-Aid 2 National Dollar Store 6 Nile Theater 10 Penney's 7 Phillips Music Co 2 Prather & Prather 7 Rialto Theater 10 River Theater 10 Rolling Hills Riding Club 10 Salvation Army :i San Joaquin Grain 2 Sears Roebuck 5 Sherrys Liquor Stores 11 Texas Tornados -.... 10 Union Avenue Dance .x 10 Union Cemetery 9,15 Virginia Theater 10 WeiH'8> 6, K Wild Horse Races 11 Xavler Cugat _....- ~ 10 in American hands," United Press Correspondent Jack Prankish reported from Aachen. Only a small pocket of resistance outside the city remained to make the hopeless stand of the German garrison that 10 days ago rejected a surreii- uW-or-die ultimatum. Lieutenant-General Courtney H. Hodges' assault forces were pounding that lust nest as he announced that the cleanup of Aachen itself was finished. The Americans had marched westward through Aachen, fighting from house to house and street to street against die-hard Nazis abandoned in the war-torn city by the German command after the last escape corridor to the east was sealed and relief attempts failed. Scores of Prisoners Scores of prisoners marched out of the last Nazi toehold in Aachen during the morning as the German stand went through its death throes. Front dispatches said that Aachen, ancient city where emperors once were crowned, was virtually destroyed by American siege guns, bombs, and the weapons with which the doughboys hacked their way through its ruins. The fall of Aachen released Hodges' formidable siege forces for a resumption of the First Army drive eastward over the Cologne plain, interrupted after the Siegfried Line breakthrough toward the Rhine by the stubborn resistance in the city. New Canadian Drive Coincident with the mopup of Aachen, the Canadian First Army to the west launched at attack on a. 2-mile front 14 miles northeast of Antwerp in the area of Brecht and St. Leonard. The drive was aimed squarely at the big transport center of Breda, some 17 miles ahead of the Canadian forces battling there and along the Schelde estuary to open up the sea route to Antwerp. At the opposite end of the western front, American and French troops smashed forward and laid open three passes leading through the Vosges to the upper Rhine valley. Storm Through Bruyeres Troops of the American Seventh Army stormed through the key transport center of Bruyeres, dominating one of the Vosges passes, and neared the entrance to another, while French forces on their right plunged into a third. The weather was "appalling" on the British Second Army front in eastern Holland, and dispatches said Lieutenant-General Sir Miles C. Dernpsey's forces were completely bogged down south of Venray. Northwest 275 miles, the Canadian First Army slashed through the Breskens pocket flanking the Schelde estuary approaches to Antwerp, making a junction near Oostburg which cut the German defenders of southwest Holland in two. The junction was made by Canadian forces striking northward from the Leopold canal and southward Continued on Page Two FLASHES BLAST INJURES 61 CLEVELAND, Oct. 20. (JP>— A thunderous blast, followed by giant flames that leaped hundreds of feet, destroyed huge gas storage tanks in the East Sixty-second street-St. Clair avenue industrial district today and sent at least Cl persons to hospitals, some described as in critical condition. BRENNER RAILS BLASTED ROME, Oct. 20. OP>—American heavy bombers based in Italy struck heavily today at the Rosen- Tieim railyards, 35 miles southeast of Munich on the Brenner Pass line, and at oil and storage tanks at Regensburg on the Danube, 60 miles north of Munich. CORDELL HULL ILL WASHINGTON, Oct 20. (JP> — Secretary of State Cordell Hull, 7.3, who has been kept from his office for three weeks by a throat irritation, is entering the naval hospital at nearby Bethesda, Md., for a checkup. ARMISTICE REPORTED SIGNED LONDON. Oct. 20. — Ankara radio broadcast today reports from Sofia that Bulgaria had signed an armistice with the United States. Russia and Great Britain. THE RECORD OF EXPENDITURES EDITORIAL, ———————— F OB what has been, in the matter of expenditures in support of Federal government, there is no remedy. There is a cure, however, for what should be in the future. That cure can come through action of the electorate at the polls. To determine whether it should be applied, let us look at the all-time record. Administrations from that of George Washington down to and including that of Herbert Hoover, all administrations (144 j r ears) before that of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, expended a total sum of $112,203,367,065. The expenditures to the beginning of this fiscal year under Mr. Roosevelt totaled $369,791,966,466. In George Washington's eight years in office the total cost of administration was $34,088,000 (millions). Under James Madison the cost of administration, including the costs of the War of 1812, totaled $176,473,000. Under Abraham Lincoln's administration, for the first term total expenses of government, including costs of the Civil War, were $3,952,000,000. In Woodrow W T ilson's administration of eight years, including cost of World War No. 1, there were expended $47,000,000,000. In eight peacetime years under direction of Franklin Roosevelt, expenditures totaled $67,500,000,000. This total, it will be observed, does not include expenditures to carry on World War No. 2. When we include those figures we have a total, as stated, of $369,791,000,000. Let us note expenditures during administrations in comparatively recent years. Costs of eight years under President Grant were $2,250,000,000; under President Hayes, four years, $1,032,000,000; under Garfield and Arthur, four years, $1,027,000,000; under Grover Cleveland, first administration, $1,077,000,000; under Groxer Cleveland, second administration, $1,441,000,000; under President McKinley, including cost of the Spanish American War, $2,093,000,000; under Theodore Roosevelt during eight years, $4,655,000,000; under President Taft, four years, $2,800,000,000; under Woodrow Wilson; eight years, including cost of World War No. 1, $47,000,000,000; under Presidents Harding, two years, and Coolidge, six years, $25,000,000,000; under President Herbert Hoover, $15,000,000,000. Rut Continued on Pace Sixteen DE1Y TO DISCUSS FATE OF WHITE COLLAR WORKER, "FORGOTTEN MAN' PITTSBURGH SPEECH TO EXPLAIN "TWO FIRES," TO BLAST POLITICAL BARGAINING, LABOR POLICY PITTSBURGH, Oct. 20. (U.Et—Governor Thomas E. Dewey charged today that the white collar worker has become the "forgotten man" in the United States under the Roosevelt administration. Dewey, In Pittsburgh to make the second major labor speech of his campaign for the White House, said the fate of white collar workers under the Roosevelt administration would lie discussed In tonight's radio address before a Republican rally (NBC 66:30 p. m. (P. W. T.) "The white collar worker in the United States fully has become the "forgotten man," Dewey said. "He is caught between two fires and I intend to discuss the manner in which the New Deal has left the white collar worker in a defenseless position while it has made collective bargaining into political bargaining and undermined the rights of labor." Second Appearance The Republican presidential candidate refused to identify, in advance of tonight's speech, the "two fires" to which he referred. Dewey came to Pittsburgh to make Continued on Pase Two "Sunk" Fleet "Retires" for Japs: Nimitz PEARL HARBOR, Oct. 20. (UR» Admiral Chester W. Nimitz took cognizance of the Tokyo radio claims of having sunk most of the United States Third Fleet off Formosa in one paragraph of his com- munique today. It said: "I have received from Admiral William F. Halsey the comforting assurance that he is now retiring toward the enemy following the salvage of all the Third Fleet ships reportedly sunk by Tokyo radio." F. D. R. Pledges U. S. Will Strangle Jap Militarism WASHINGTON, Oct. 20. OB— President Roosevelt announced today that operations In the Philippines are proceeding on schedule with light losses and that the enemy was caught strategically off guard by the attack. The President read to his news conference a message received last night from General Douglas MacArthur and addressed to General George C. Marshall, army chief of staff. In it MacArthur said the troops he commanded in the Philippine landings suffered "extremely light losses" and added that the enemy was caught unawares because he expected the attack further to the south. Mindanao Forces Cut Off MacArthur's message said the attack left the Japanese forces on Mindanao, large island to the south of Leyte where he landed, "no longer an Important factor" because they are practically cut off. Mr. Roosevelt said the message confirming the attack which reached Washington shortly before 1 a. m. today, may have been delayed through Japanese attempts to jam the air communications. It had been expected earlier. There is general satisfaction all over the country, the President said, and he is particularly happy that General MacArthur has made good on his dream and his statement to return to the Ph iippines. In a statement issued when first news of the landings reached Washington, Mr. Roosevelt said "We have the will and the power" to teach Japan "the cost of treachery and deceit." With our Allies, he said, "We shall teach this lesson so that Japan will never forget it." Promise* Freedom As American troops plunged Into the central Philippines, Mr. Roosevelt In a statement promised freedom to the islands as soon as General MacArthur's forces clear out the Japanese, saying; "We shall free the enslaved people. We shall restore stolen goods and looted wealth to their rightful owners. We shall strangle the black dragon of Japanese militarism forever." The President declared that "We Continued <w Pa«« Two GIANT U. S. FORCES STORM PHILIPPINES, ADVANCE TO GUNSHOT OF BIG AIRFIELD Jungle-Trained U. S. Troops Blast Japs in 2-Pronged Drive By RICHARD M. JOHNSTON United Press War Correspondent GENERAL MacARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS, LEYTE, Philippines, Oct. 20.—Thousands of American troops, led personally by General Douglas MacArthur, were pouring ashore on Lcyle today in a two-pronged offensive which gained steadily and overcame minor Japanese resistance. Jungle-trained troops landed I 1 /i miles south of Taclolmn and at Dulah, 12 miles south, following a terrifying throe-day navnl bombardment of the central Philippine islands. Approximately 000 ships—the largest convoy in the history of the Pacific war—took part in the invasion. Heavy artillery, tanks, flume throwers and amphibious trucks quickly followed the invaders, blasting enemy positions on Leyte. Jap Veterans Japanese troops attempting to stop the hard-charging Americans included veterans of Bataan and Corregidor. But often they turned and fled when faced by the flashing American bayonets. Even one hour after the landing the Americans had made marked progress toward Tacloban air field. They were aided by mortar and artillery fire ar.d supporting naval gunfire. There was no immediate indication of how the southern beachhead forces were faring, but light casual- tics were indicated. Pre-L:i ruling Itlast Battleships, heavy and light cruisers and .scores of destroyers participated both in the pre-landing bombardment and in covering landings. As this is written, two battleships, the California and the Pennsylvania, are still hurling 14 and 16-inch shells overhead while a number of destroyers are slipping in close to shore to knock out enemy gun positions. Infantry Lands Wave after wave of infantry flashed ashore while rocket-carrying ships pounded the beach targets into twisted smoking rubbish. Armored bulldozers rolled off the landing ships to clean up tank traps and smash the enemy positions. Medium tank", their 75 mm. guns blazing, followed. Hundreds of small personnel-carrying boats shuttled between scores of transports and the shoreline while naval planes provided an air urn- Continued on 1'n.g? Two KEEPS HIS PROMISE—General Douglas MacArthur, who left doomed Corregidor in 1!>42 against his will but in obediance to orders, has kept his promise, returning to the Philippines with the greatest sea-going armada in history. With MacArthur was every able-bodied survivor of Corregidor. MacARTHUR CALLS ON FILIPINOS TO STRIKE GENERAL, WITH PHILIPPINE PRESIDENT OSMENA AT SIDE, PLEDGES TO RESTORE ISLANDS' LIBERTY My Associated Prosa "I have returned." General Douglas MiicArthur told the Filipino people in a broadcast today culling upon them to "rise and strike" the Japanese. Hero is the text of his broadcast over the "Voice of Freedom" radio, as reported by the Office of War Information: "Thin is the Voice of Freedom, South China Seo LAOAG SAN FERNANDO CAMP JOHN HAY FORT STOTSENBURG , CLARK F.ELD ^ CAVITE NAVAL, •ASE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS LUZON TO TOKYO 2000 Ml FORT McKINLEY .* NICHOLS FIELD TO SINGAPORE ^1500 MILES ^ Miltt 100 Q9 • f MINDANAO —•(•allrurtlian-NEA Teli'pliuui YANKS* IN PHILIPPINES AGAIN—General Douglas MacArthur landed powerful Invasion forces in the heart of the Philippines as ground forces poured ashore In Leyte gulf from a huge convoy, quickly seized three strong beachheads along Leyte Island's east coast and took control of the 75-mile coast of the island. The Yanks were marching on Tacloban, Leyte's capital, 370 miles' southeast of Manila. General Dotiglns MacArthur speaking: "Peopld of the Philippines: I havu returned. By the Grace of Almighty Grid our forces stand again on Philippine soil—soil consecrated in the blood of our two peoples. We have come, dedicated and committed to the task of destroying every vestige of enemy control over your daily lives, and of restoring, upon a foundation of indestructible strength, the liberties of your people. Osmi'iia at Side "At my side is your president. Sergio Osmena, worthy successor or that great patriot. Manuel Quezon, with members of his cabinet. The scat of your government is now therefore firmly re-established on Philippine, soil. "Tlio hour fit' redemption is In-re. Your patriots havo demon- starled an unswerving and resolute devotion to the principles of freedom that challenges the best that is written on the pages of human history. 1 now call upon your supreme effort that the enemy may know from the temper of an aroused and outraged people within that he has a force there to con- tond with no loss violent than Is the force committed from without. Follow to Victory "Rally to mo. 1 ,<n the indomitable spirit of Bntaan and Corregidor lead on. As the lines of battle roll forward to bring you within the zone of operations, rise and strike! Strike at every favorable opportunity. For your homes v and hearts, strike! In the name of your sacrod dead, strike! Let no heart be faint. Let every arm be steeled. The guidance of iMvine God points the way. Follow in his name to the Holy Grail of righteous victory!" MacArthur's call for guerrilla warfare was a summons to thousands of Filipinos who have been operating in roving bands throughout the islands, sometimes under American leadership, sinca the fall of Bataan. And it was a plea tor others to join their numbers. The extent of truorrilla activities was recognized by the puppet government a year ago when it voted to grunt amnesty to any guerrilla who would swear "to become a good citizen." Corregidor Survivors Among 250,000 Men Driving on Tacloban By WILLIAM WILSON United Press War Correspondent GENERAL MacARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS, LEYTE, Philippines, Oct. 20.—General Douglas MacArthur today led an army of possibly 250,000 men back to the Philippines in a 600-ship armada, the greatest of the Pacific war, and drove inland on Leyte island to within gunshot of the excellent Tacloban airfield against light Japanese resistance. MncArthur himself stepped onto Philippine soil in the bright suu- liglit only ti few hours after thousands of American assault troops swarmed ashore under cover of the greatest naval bombardment yet to- blast the Japanese. Veteran jungle troops, including every able-bodied survivor of MacArthur's epic journey from Bataan and Corregidor, landed on the 75- mile eat coast of Leyte Island, in the central Philippines. Two Main Landings They made two principal landings, one about-a mile and a half south of Tacloban, capital of the island. and a second at Dulab, 12 miles farther south. In tanks, bulldozers and light armored cars the American assault waves smashed through the feeble Japanese resistance toward the Tac- loban air field and the capital city itself, a metropolis of 30,000 persons. The invasion went well from the start, catching the Japs off guard and reeling under the 10-day air and naval attack of the naval forces of Admiral William P. Halsey which razed their defenses from Ryukyu islands just below the Japanese archipelago through Formosa to the Philippines themselves. F. I). K. Message (In Washington President Roosevelt released a message from MacArthur which said the invasion was making splendid progress, had been accomplished on schedule and with extremely light losses). The attack on Leyte was preceded by a three-day naval bombardment which was followed up today by the landing of assault troops, heavy artillery, tanks, flaine-throwers, and amphibious trucks. Within an hour after the first Americans touched shore and while the thunder of 14, 13 and 16-inch shells still was crashing down on Japanese positions, the assault spearheads were racing tor the Tacloban airdrome, a field which will give the American air forces fighter and bomber strips 6000 feet long. Shells from the battleships California and Pennsylvania rained down on the Japanese. Some o£ the Japs were veterans of Bataan and Corregidor but they turned and fled under the American attack. Casualties Light American casualties were ex- tivmely light, although Japanese mortar tire scored four hits on landing ships as they were edging into the shore. Americans wiped out with a bayonet charge the few Japanese who survived the shore bombardment. Then destroyers and lighter naval vessels moved In closer to work over the region just beyond the beaches before our jungle fighters drive forward. Nuval planes provided air cover for the operation, dive-bombing Japanese positions and ground-strafing areas of possible Japanese concentration. I'ruler this cover the waters off the island quickly filled with churning small personnel boats, tank carriers, and amphibious machines which rumbled up onto the shore. their 75 mm. guns blazing. In the tirst assault wave of MacArthur's campaign for reconquest of the Philippines were about 100,» 000 men, backed by possibly another 150,000 for the second and succeeding waves and as many more men behind them as will be needed to finish the job. Mac-Arthur set foot on Philippines soil for the first time since be left Corregidor, accompanied by bis chief of staff, Lleutenant-Qeneral Richard Sutherland, who like MacArthur, had gone through the black days of Corregidor. He wa« alto accompanied by Lieutenant-Qeneral George Kenney, commander of til* Far Eastern Air Force; Sergio Qtmiena, president of the Philippine*, and Brigadier-General Carlo* Rorau* Continued on Paw Two

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