The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on October 19, 1944 · Page 22
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 22

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Thursday, October 19, 1944
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Thursday, October 19, 1944 Cbttorial $age of Wfje JJakenrtteib Caitforntan ALFRED HARRELL KD1TOI AND POBLIIBBB Entered In post office «t Bakersfl*ld. California, as wcond class mail under the act of Congress March 3, 1ST9. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS TJ|» Associated Press ii exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited Jn this psper, and also (he local news published (herein. The BakersfIclrt Callfornlan la nlso a client of Hie United Tross and receives Its complete wire service. REPRESENTATIVES West-Holiday Co.. Inc. JC«w York, Chicago, San Francisco. Los Angeles, Seattl". Portland. Denver WASHINGTON. D. C.. BUREAU The Haskln Service. Washington. D. C. $720,000,000 ANNUALLY A , THE people note the activity of those who are championing the $00 pensions for everybody 60 years old, they naturally will be concerned as to the future financial status of California provided Amendment No. 11 is approved by the voters. It is estimated in Sacramento that a million men and women in the state would be eligible to receive the $60 monthly. That would mean that the minimum cost per annum would be $720,000,000. And that sum is $ •10,000,000 in excess of the entire amount expended for old-age pensions in the United Slates during the past fiscal year. Directly the state would lose around $45,000,000 which come to its inhabitants through Federal grants. But that isn't all. The imposition of a 3 per cent gross transactions tax to raise the revenue necessary to pension a million people at $60 a month would increase the cost of living 6 per cent and possibly 12 per cent, according to Sacramento authority. Something to think about, isn't it? Something that calls for a "No" vote upon Proposition No. 11. And if the kind-hearted citizen supporting the amendment believes he would do something to insure independence for the aged citizen he has another thought coming on this subject, for the amendment, itself, proposes that within six months after the war closes every beneficiary of $60 at 60 must spend his income as he goes along, nothing to be laid aside to insure future independence, to meet the expense of illness or for other emergencies that may arise. And disquieting, loo, would be the effect of this pension plan upon elderly people in the other slates in the Union. We may be sure that ii would influence thousands of them to trek to California where, after ten years they, too, would become pensioners under the proposed plan, thus adding heavily to the state's burden. THE ENDLESS DELAY EOPLE of the San Joaquin Valley like to find encouragement in authoritative expressions favoring the early construction of the Friant-Kern Canal. They do, even in the face of what seems to have been unending and needless delay in the past, delay winch lias prevented the utilization of the flood waters of the stale to irrigate vast areas of fertile but non-productive land. We are now told that the construction on such project will begin "as soon as authorization is granted by the War Production Board," but that is vague assurance, as we read a little further lhat J. A. Krug, head of the WPB "cannot sec justification for construction." Quoting from one official, "We are hopeful that agreement will be reached between WPB and the War Food Administration in favor of beginning this enterprise." But he adds: "What will happen seems to be a matter of pure conjecture at the present time." W T hat has happened, as the public knows, is lhat $1,500,000 has been appropriated for the canal project but construction cannot begin because of adverse theories of the organizations in control. Quoting one authority: "We are seeking to work in close cooperation with local interests but we cannot do for the people anything thai they do nol want." But a little investigation will convince government lhat there is no difference of opinion among our people as to the vital necessity for the conslruclion in question. We just cannot get started because of bureaucracy. There is no good reason that will explain the long delay, none that will prove convincing to the people. NON-PARTISANSHIP GROWS T HE atlilude of the newspapers of the United Stales in contests between the _raajor party organizations emphasizes how many of them are non-partisan, how few make party the basis of their political discussion. A survey showed that 16<J representative journals in all parts of the nation do not stress party alignments. Of this 169, 68 per cent never mention their party affiliation, 18 per cent declare complete independence of party, 4 per cent state they are Jlepublican but independent, and 1 per cent, Democratic hut independent. Thus 91 per C^nt of the press of the nation stresses either ilp political alignment or independence. Only l£_per centp* per cent Republican and 5 per cent Democratic, report strict parly affiliation. This lack of recognition of parly lines is a departure from olden times when the great majority of newspapers gave their suppor! to one or the other of Ihe political parties and rather uniformly favored its candidates. We think what is true of the press is true fo a greater cxlcnt than ever before of a large number of voters of the nation. Time was when a very heavy percentage gave feally to party a much greater place than now. Reasonable non-partisanship is good for the country, good for the parly in power and good for the future as well. After all, the main issue with the press of the land and the voters of the nation is efficient government; appreciation of good government as reflected at the ballot box is a large factor in determining results. FLEET POWER T in: fact that the United Slates now has 100 aircraft carriers in its fleet and an armada of warships greater in number and tonnage than all the other battle fleets of the world combined is becoming increasingly apparent even to the indoctrinated mentality of the Japanese. Two generalities have become especially impressive with Admiral Ilalsey's mass attacks on Formosa and the Philippines. Most cogent of these two conclusions, obviously, is the fact that tiie Japanese fleet has been entirely unable to stop the offensive, and the second is that the Japanese Heel has been futile in protecting itself, let alone defending the pro-tern empire of Japanese islands, her perimeter defense. The fact that the Japanese Heel has been unable to defend itself, as a necessary corollary to defending Japan, indicates thai from now on our Pacific admirals may move their carriers as frequently as they wish, providing they have adequate cruiser and destroyer support. Our tactical right to sweep the Pacific seas is demonstrated. Even discounting our numerical records of the great engagement, and the records may be a trifle exuberant, the figures arc most impressive, something more than 1500 Japanese planes shot down or destroyed and approximately 200 ships sunk. Our fleets, when they elect, may move at will. This gives us a tremendous tactical advantage, but we must remember as we drive Japan back into her homeland thai we will in turn face the same difficulties that weakened Japan, as she extended her conquest, though in a lesser degree, we hope. For as we win back the Pacific islands we, like Japan, must maintain them with transport and supplies and defend them no matter how widely scattered. Conversely, as Japan loses these islands her fleet becomes stronger for, no greater in numbers, it has less territory to defend and shorter nautical defense lines. RANDOM NOTES More and more as the presidential campaign develops the wonder grows whether Senator Truman is an asset or a liability to the administration. Many stalwart supporters of President Roosevelt would be unwilling to sec Senator Truman in the office of Chief Executive if, as time marches on, history should repeat itself and a vacancy should occur in the ollice of President. Mr. Truman, himself, emphasizes Ihc doubt as to his capacity by his expressions throughout the country. In San Francisco Ibis week in a press conference he was asked if he welcomed the support of Earl Browder and the Communists, and he replied: "I welcome the support of anybody who will help elect Mr. Roosevelt." Asked as lo his view of the Pendergasl machine in Kansas City, the candidate for the Vice-Presidency said: "He (Pendergasl) could deliver more votes than anyone else in Missouri. He supported me because I was a good vote gcllcr. Nobody could be elected in Missouri without his support. He was my friend politically and I was his." But that isn't all. Down in Los Angeles a candidate for Congress was a former member of the Ku Klux Klan. He cheerfully admits it. While Mr. Truman was in the Southern city he was asked as to his view of a situation such as has been created by this former klansman seeking to become a member of Ihe House of Representatives and his reply was: "If he is ours we are for him." These questions are in no sense personal. They represent Ihe views of a candidate for Vice-President of the United Stales, one who might, in the course of time, become President. Would those who expect to vote for a continuance in office of President Roosevelt be willing lo see Senator Truman in that position? 11 is well worth considering. And especially so inasmuch as six vice-presidents have succeeded to the presidency during the nation's history. Everyone, of course, sincerely hopes thai President Roosevelt will live through a fourth term if ha is so chosen by the people and for many years thereafter. But the uncertainly of human life naturally causes speculation as to the future, particularly where the national welfare is as deeply involved as it would be by Senator Truman succeeding to the Presidency. Tke War Tod ay By JAMES E. ROPER United Press War Correspondent IXSIDE A SHERMAN TANK NAMED "CUB," LIVERGNANC), Oct. 16. (UP.)— Our tank Is parked on tin- main street of Livergnano and the Germans are throwing shells at us at the rate of every 5 or 10 seconds. Tanks can go no farther because tlin highway ahead is blocked by rubble from tumbled down houses and the enemy is fighting a full- scale defensive battle. Hi) our tank is nestled against an escarpment which protects us from shells coming from one direction. But Jerry can fire from two other directions and we are sweating. Heavy shells slam into the other side of the escarpment with earsplitting explosions and send pebbles rattling against the tank turret. Then the German gunner raises his sights and sends a shell over the ridge. It lands in a pile of rubble loo yards down the street and shrapnel tinkles against our armor. We "button up"—close down all the hatches. I am sitting in the assistant gunner's seat and with me are Private S. Manuel Granado of Hondo, Texas, and Boyce Englo of Moundvillo, W. Va. The shelling slows down for ubtfut five minutes and somebody bangs on th(> lank. When we open up three pieces of fried chicken are thrust through the driver's hatch. "We caught 'em this morning," explains Granado. Just then a super-fast projectile whizzes past. "That's armor-piercing stuff," says Englc. "It will gu through one side of tliis turret and out the other without even slowing down. \Ve button up again although that won't help any. It's 2 p. m., nobody has had lunch, but the fried chicken lies there untouched, except by a few flies which probably are the only living things in this town not scared. "Those chickens were too scrawny," says Engle. We open a box of K rations and eat the little package of caramels. They don't taste good. Mure. German explosives pluminct Into the town. 1 adjust the periscope to look down the main street. Looking up a slope from the base of the escarpment, I can see the village church. It is periodically enveloped by bursts of black smoke as shells hit it. The church is empty. Doughboys are. un the forward slope of the hill and they are getting hit hard. Four medics come around the bend struggling to carry a stretcher case. Another shell hits the church and the medics cringe but they hold carefully to their burden and move into a house. Another shell has smacked Into tho center of the town. I spin the periscope to look down another street. Smoke and dust is just t'fc'ar- ing from around a doughboy lying crumpled in the street 50 yards away. He is lying in front of a house and one of his buddies comes out. As he nears the still form another shell whines and he pitches back Into the house. Two inedlcs with a j stretcher trot over. They bend over | tho soldier's face and then walk away without touching the body. It's exactly 3:34 p. m. and an American soldier has died. Shells continue to land all around us and bursts of American tommy guns sound closer. Granado takes the cover off his tommy gun. "They might ne counterattacking," he says. I turn the periscope buck toward the church, for that is the direction down which they might counterattack. I notice a clipping pasted behind the periscope eye-piece entitled "A Prayer Before Combat." I don't read it then because I can see more medics staggering down the rubble-strewn path carrying bloodied doughboys. Not far behind the modics comes a stream of doughboys. They are falling back to avoid that terrible shelling on the exposed forward slope. They dissrlvo into buildings and under piles of masonry—anywhere to avoid that shrapnel. "We'd hotter get the rest of our | tank crew," Engle said. I I spin the periscope but cannot see I a single person except that body crumpled ir the street. I road that prayer now: "Tho Lord is iny light and my salvation. Whom shall 1 fear'.' Though I should walk through tho valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil." Those shells kept coming in and I note we have been taking it for five and a half hours. There is a minute of dead silence and 1 hoar a jeep motor start. I pop my head out of the turret and ask if I can go back with that jeep. In it is First Lieutenant Razor, liaison officer of Burbank, Calif. "Yes, but make it quick as hell," he answers. I start struggling out of tho tank, leaving Engle and Granado with the prayer. Roll omn -(By ERSKINE JOHNSON) Exclusively yours: A chance meeting between Joe Cot ten and Scenarist Larnarr Trotto in Atlanta a £pw (lays ago may result, in a film biography of General Robert K. Lee. The boys met each other for the first time in a hotel lobby. Trotto agreed to write the screen play if Cotten plays Loo. .loo hopes to talk his boss. David O. Sol/nick, into producing the film on a scale oomparnhlo to Solznk-k's current "Slnco You Wont Away," and "Gone With the Wind." Both gents are southerners, rotten was born in Petersburg. Va., Trotfo in Atlanta. Even in Hollywood tho United Stntos of America and Russia are got ting together. The \Vhite House sets built for "Wilson" havo been remodeled into the czar's palace for "Czarina." The president's study has booome Tallulah Bankhe.-ul's boudoir! Deanna Durhin and Rob Landry. tho Life Magazine photographer, are about to revive a romance kindled a year ago. Olivia DcHaviiand is Hollywood's latest South Sea island mornlc build- Ing tourist. She stripped Sister Joan Fontaine of all her summer clothing before leaving. Allan Jones has boon given another extension of his lonve nf absence from Universal. He'll star in a now Broadway musical. Promised and hoped for: Fred Allen's return tn the screen as the ontoreprenour of a flea circus in "It's In the Bag." Hearing that Monty Woolley's whiskers are heavily insured. Phil Spitalny cracked: "Hinmmmm—just a heard in a gilded cage." Two film companies have offered John Wildberg $300,000 for the screen rights to "Anna Lucasta," the season's biggest Broadway hit. Wildberg isn't making any commitments yet because he may produce the screen version himself. Receiving an Invitation to a luncheon at Ilka Chase's home, one of her friends called up and asked what she should wear. "It's a hen party, dear," cooed Ilka, "come In an open throat and a back .suitable for knifing." Hollywood's interest in Broadway is exceptionally high this season. Paramount has plenty of coin in three plays. M-G-M has a piece of "Soldier's Wife," and 50 per cent of "Bloomer Girl," "Be Good, Swoet Maid," and "Violet." RKO is in- torostod in "Mama's Bank Account" and Warner Brothers in "The Visitor." New high in Impersonations for Victor Moore in the Kay Kyser film "Carolina Blues." Vic plays five characters, including his own aunt and sister. Paul Guilfoyle has finally clicked as a sympathetic actor ("Seventh Cross") after 40 sneering roles. Lieutenant (j. g.) Robert Stack has arrived in the Central Pacific fur his first crack at combat after serving as an aerial gunnery instructor. Shirley Lauck, whose dad is Lum of Lum and Abner. makes her film debut in papa's new movie "Going to Town." She's nixed o her offers, though, to attend U. S. C. Hopalong Cassidy, the grand- pappy ot all the they-went-that- away westerns, is cominr back again. Producer Harry Sherman recently decided to end the Hoppy series after more than 70 pictures. But theater exhibitors raised so much heck that Sherman decided to revive him. Copyright. 1944. .\'EA Service. Inc. SO THKY SAY Our country is so richly endowed and so marvelously equipped that only the lack of vision stands in the way of our handing down to the next generation a heritage of even greater promise than our fathers bequeathed to us.—War Mobilization Director James F. Byrnes. Many persons of the highest technical attainment and knowledge and responsibility have good hopes that it (war in Europe) will all be over by the end of 1944. On the other hand, no one—certainly not I —can guarantee that several months of 1945 may not be required.—Winston Churchill. We have a secret weapon whereby we can avoid destruction. Get hold of a perfectly ordinary stick and a white handkerchief.—Moscow radio, quoting German officer's advice to his troops. .an< A mswers -(By THE HASKIN SERV1CE)- Q. Is the temperature of a bird much higher than that of man?— G. G. A. It is considerably higher. For instance, the temperature of a swift is 111.:! degrees F., that of a duck 109.1 degrees. The normal temperature of man Is JI8.G degrees F. Q. How many islands are included in the British isles? —K. N. G. A. The British isles are an archipelago consisting of two large islands and many smaller ones making a total of more than 5000. Many of the tiny islands are uninhabited. Q. What signals are displayed as hurricane warnings?—P. D. F. A. Two square flags, red with black centers, one above the other, displayed by day; or two red lanterns with white lantern between, displayed by night. Q. How many American battles were Included by Sir Edward Creasy In his "Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World?"—F. McB. A. One—the surrender of Bur- goyno at Saratoga in 1777. Q. What can be done to prevent clothes from freezing while hanging outdoors on the line?—A. F. B. A. Adding a handful of salt to the rinsing water will keep the clothes from freezing. Q. How much ground can an ostrich cover in one stride?— E. W. R. A. Twenty-five feet at a stride hag been recorded. Q. What type of vessel is the U. S. S. Warhawk?— L. D. B. A, The U. S. S. Warhawk is an auxiliary transport. From the Files of The Californian TEN YEARS AGO (The Californian. this date. 19. f )4) Headlines: Yugoslavian Troops Being Massed; Roosevelt Pleads Anew for Poor. A house shortage and high rentals Is accelerating building construction in Bakersfield. Election of officers and preparation for exhibiting 25 head of fat lambs at the Los Angeles stock show, occupied members of Crook and Shears club last night. Officers are: Glen Maddux, president; Tony Delfino, vice president: Arthur Xutt, treasurer; John Morosa, keeper of tho fold, and Albert Richardson, bell wether. Dr. Lucillo May and Mrs. Else Richards gave book reviews for Business and Professional Women's Club book section last night. Mrs. Fred Mine has been re-elected Catholic diocesan leader. TWENTY YEARS AGO (The (Jalifornian. this date. 1924) Kern County Farm Bureau held its annual picnic yesterday at Beale park. Elolse Lambert had a birthday party yesterday. Among the guests were Barbara Warren, .lean Seron, June McFee, Mary McNamara, Ann McCutchen. Jean Wadsworth, and Margaret Ellsworth. Lineup for the Drillers at this time is: Sheaf, Mishler. Van Brink, Lucas, McCoy, Cooley, Johns, Curtis, Harper, Jones, and Killian. The Drillers defeated Hedlands 2fi to C yesterday; Tex Jones made a touchdown after a 33-yard run. Headlines: Mrs. Ferguson Wins Texas Fight; Court Declares Her Qualified. THIRTY YEARS AGO 'The Californian. this date. 1914) Two thousand persons assembled here to hear an address by Denver S. Church. The talk was largely concerned with praise for Woodrow Wilson. The congressman was given a big reception. No decision was the ruling in the Billy Alvarez-Frank Conway fight. Tho fight was called off because of a foul. Although bad weather threatened to prevent the trip, a mining excursion to the Amalie district was taken today by a large number of mine enthusiasts. Robert Heath, West Side newspaper man was a visitor here today as was Fred C. Helbert of Taft. Other out-of-town visitors included W. J. Delzer, Follows: Tipton Mathews. \Vasco; George Johnson, Fellows, and J. B. Eakin. Shale. FORTY YEARS AGO 'The Californian. thia date. 1904) Electric motors which have replaced steam in railroad shops of Bakersfield have operated successfully for a week. Leon Claranario who admitted slaying a friend by severing his head from his body, was sentenced by Judge Rector, of Merced, sitting in the court here, to spend the rest of his life in the penitentiary. The prisoner was jubilant as he had expected a death sentence by hanging. Russians still hold Long Tree hill, scene of desperate fighting. Storms exhaustion of troops and river flooding have resulted in a slight lull in the great battle of the Japanese and Russians along the Shakhe river. FIFTY YEARS AGO (The Californian, this dale, 1894) J. L. Gilbert of Reedley is In town for the purpose of talking to the good people of Bakersfield on the issues of the day from his own peculiar standpoint. A Ladies' Whist Club has been organized and will hold its first meeting Wednesday evening at the home of Mrs. O. J. Wagoner. A late dispatch to the Russian embassy says the czar's condition is becoming desperate. He is believed to be dying. Professor E. P. Todd will give private instruction in dancing at the home of the applicant or at the residence of Mr. Powers on K street. A letter to the editor, signed "A Sufferer," is complaining of a slough that crosses Chester avenue a, short distance east of Southern Hotel. He calls it an accursed nuisance and a menace to health. >eliincl flie News -(By PAUL MALLON)- WASHIXGTON*. Oct. 19.—The surges we made in Holland, at Aachen and at. Metz were but limited attacks. They did not approach the scale of assault of which we are capable in manpower and munitions available to that front. A big fall push is. therefore, certain to develop within the next few weeks. It will decide the duration of the war In Europe. What has prevented us from getting it started sooner was the suicidal Nazi retention of the channel ports and the complete destruction they wrought before surrendering. This effectively tied up our troops by hindering reinforcements and supplies. The whole city of Brest was wrecked. Le Havre was damaged beyond early use. Even at Bordeaux we have been able to use only the neck of the peninsula. A major campaign is still raging around Antwerp, and while enthusiastic dispatches have told frequently of late that we have cleared the Schelde estuary approaching that port and commanding it, we have just made good progress on the south side of the river and failed to do much on the north side. At Metz, Aachen and in Holland, the Nazis have shown fairly good artillery, and some tanks. They must have saved these from the earlier war years when their production was full. Their new recruits fighting at these points were not as bad as could have been expected. The number of older men in evidence has been offset by the fanaticism of the boys. With this artillery, the tanks and the young zealots, they have formed a cohesive line from Switzerland to the Baltic, although the final power of this line has not yet been tested by full attack. Their morale, however, is surprising, especially in the face of two great defects. They are pinched for oil and they have a great air inferiority. Their game is to hold on through the winter in hope of a miracle by spring. In Poland and Italy, it is the same story. We pierced their vaunted Gothic line both In the center and on the Adriatic. Now' they hold the last line of hills in front of the t Po valley, but they hold these natural obstacles well. The Russians have had great success on both flanks. They have just about mopped up the Baltic states and severed connections with Finland (a great many Germans escaped). • In the south they will soon get Budapest and Belgrade will fall. Greece is ours (British) and the only escape for the Germans left on CrqJ.e is by air. But in the center, on the East Prussia-Vistula river-Warsaw line through Poland there has been a lull of weeks if not months—and tJtis is the only suitable military route to Berlin. The Russians are taking the Baltics and Balkans before trying for Berlin. The Nazis anticipate that winter weather will soon grant them the same respite in the west. They are mistaken. It is true, mud may impede our progress (the ground does not freeze in Germany or offer good winter fighting conditions for mechanical equipment) but our attack has been delayed. We have been awaiting the arrival of power. The published estimates that we have 70 divisions on the front against 40 Nazis are unwise because no one knows how much we have. Yet, everyone knows it is sufficient to start a full grand scale general assault within a short time and keep pushing the attack through the winter. That is quite clearly our strategy. To say the war will not end until spring is to suppose this attack will not be fully successful 1 would not bet on that yet if I were you. (World r.opyilcht. 1944. by King Featutps syndicate, Inc. All rltihts reserved. Reproduction In full or in part strictly prohibited.) -(By PETER EDSON)If the news photos and the newsreels of President Roosevelt making his October 5 radio speech to the party workers lookqd unusually good to you, with the old Roosevelt smile and youthful vigor, there was a reason. Lighting arrangements for this occasion were something extra added special. Instead of using the movie flood lights which the Washington newsreel crews usually employ, there were a lot of big Kleig lights brought in, such as the movies use on special sets in Hollywood. The stage setting for this affair was different too. Instead of speaking from the oval room in the main part of the White House where the President has usually had the microphones set up. this speech was delivered from a small theater room in the new east wing of the White House. There's a special projection screen set up there, and that's where the AVhite House movies are now run off. For the speechmaking, a bookcase was brought in as background, with a ship model on top of it, and the desk with microphones set before this prop. It looked real homey, and you could easily imagine that a fireplace was right around the corner. The still picture men shot close- ups first. They had been told that they could then step back and take a more general view, but when they moved back the secret service men said no more pictures. And there were specific instructions that no pictures could be made showing the extra lights, reflectors, screens and electricians hovering all around. Picture results were considered excellent from a campaign publicity standpoint. going a long way towards offsetting those bad pictures made under adverse lighting conditions when the President delivered his acceptance speech from San Diego naval base. She was one of those sweet-faced, wispish little old ladies, and all the way through the investigation of Dr. Edward A. Rumely before the House campaign expenditures committee she kept shaking her head and whispering to herself in annoyance at almost everything he said. When Rumely finished his testimony, denying each and every charge that his committee for constitutional gov- ernrrupnt had engaged in any political activties, the little old lady leaned across the table to reporters and unburdened herself. "That man!" she said. "You know, he used to go to school to me, back in La Porte, Ind. He was one of my brightest pupils, too. I used to give my classes themes to write, and he was one of the few who had a- real ability to express himself. But his father sent him back to Germany for part of his education, and that's what spoiled him. Just look at what he is now." A west coast editor who flew into Washington to attend the teamsters' banquet at which President Roosevelt delivered his famous Fala speech, stayed on in the east for several days afterward, flying up to Boston and back before going home. When a friend expressed n little surprise that anyone could nail down seats on airplanes with such certainty that he could keep all schedules, the man from the west explained that it was simple. "Everything is arranged on that in fine shape," he said. "Dave Beck (vice- president of the teamsters) got me top priority." A THOUGHT FOR TODAY But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life. — John •}:/.}. * * * There is nothing strictly Immortal but immortality. Whatever hath n*> beginning may be confident of no end.—Sir Thomas Browne. fliers' Jroint of View Q. How deep is the subway under the Chicago river?—O. E. M. A. Chicago's initial subway system goes under the Chicago river at two points. Ono of these tubes is 75 feet below street level, and the other 90 feet. Q. What is the best way of setting colors in clothes before washing | them?—F. W. j A. The bureau of home economics says there are no effective home methods of setting colors: those ordinarily suggested are useless. Q. Has the farm colony of Mala- nuska valley in Alaska continued to be successful?—N. E. B. A. Most of the original settlers who decided to remain havo prus- pered. In 1943 the farm colony pro- duoed its first million-dollar crop. Q. What are the three words most frequently used in the English language?—M. E. A. A. A survey has shown that the three commonest words are "the," "you," and "for." Q. What noted general was the ancestor of General George S. Patton? E. V. B. A. General Patton Is the grandson of General Hugh Mercer, Continental Army. Q. Who was the clergyman who signed the Declaration of Independence?—E. B. E. A Dr. John Witherspoon was the only clergyman to sign the historic document. JUNIOR COLLEGE VOTE Editor The Californian: May I take this opportunity to say how much I enjoyed a recent article in The Californian? I am referring to the article on the vote taken ut Bakersfield Junior "College on the presidential candidates. You state that the vote was 18 to 13 in favor of F. D. R. I liked that article. I liked it very much. What I liked more was the fact that no one made any mention of the rest of the election. In the class in American Constitution that I am in, 8 to 5 in favor of Dewey. Also the fact that one third of Bakersfield Junior College voted and the final score was 48 tn 45 in favor of Dewey. Why was that not mentioned? Are you afraid to tell the voters of Bakersfield what we, the onos who have to clean up the :ness they have gotten us into, want in the way of a government? Or Is the reporter turned that in a Democrat? Yes, we will have another vote before the election and we hope the score will bo 93-0 in favor of Dewey. R. J. C'ER. A reader run Bet the un.->wer 10 nuv question of rani by writing The Ifa^rsilold CdUnralaa lufoim.tlon liureiu. 31t> Kye Sinn, N. K.. WMlifntiun. 2, U. C. rie«M> encloiw three (3) oouu far reply. FOR TOLERANCE Editor The Californian: There is much talk—some sincere and some demagogic—regarding the trend toward centralization of government. That such a condition is actually prevalent. I am not sure, but it has been pointed out that if people were not so apathetic regarding political matters, and, if everyone or a larger majority of people would take an active part in politics, there would be more local control of government and less of a trend toward centralization. This seems like an intelligent observation but let us look Into the reasons for this apathy. First, it seems a lot of people have been brought up with the idea that If there is no immediate monetary reward for a specific job or activity, it Is not essential, and so, very few people will take time out to engage in a. political contest or project. Also, it seems to me that the most powerful influences preventing the great majority of people from participating in the business of governing themselves Is an economic or financial one. Most people before taking part in the election of a public official or the passage of a law, are inclined to ask, "How is this going to effect'my relations with my employer?"—the merchant, "my customers;" the businessman or fanner, "my banker or financier or whoever may buy my product." If these people to whom the individual is obligated or dependent upon, are opposed to the election of a certain official or the passage of a certain law, I have noticed that the average individual shys away from participating in the contest because he is afraid of injuring his economic position because that controls his food and lodging. And, no one can blame him too much, although I have noticed those who have fairly comfortable circumstances are more timid than those who are poor or is it because they are more conscious of the danger of antagonizing those who are able to put economic pressure upon them? I am not attempting to point out any solution because I feel people will arrive at the proper solution of such a problem when they know the reasons for it. When there is more tolerance and independence between employer and employe, merchant and customer and, borrower and lender, conditions for better government will be more favorable. Sincerely, JOE C. LEWIS. Buttonwillow, Calif. SAVE THE TREES Editor The Californian: The people of California are aroused to the danger that the south Calaveras grove may soon be logged, and its beauty lost forever to the state and to the world. There Is a strong movement to save the great trees, the Sequoias and sugar pines of this wonder region. It is expected that a bill will be introduced in the next Legislature to enlarge the present Calaveras State Park to include the south Sequoia grove and sugar pine forest. 1 beg to direct special attention to the sugar pines of this region, in the townships east and southeast of the present state park, the area of the proposed addition. The sugar pine la no less beautiful and scarcely less majestic than the big trees of which California is so justly proud. Tet few examples of sugar pines ura set aside in national or state parks. Yosemite ha* indeed a grove of sugar pines that are outstanding— but their setting does not approach in virgin loveliness the forest of the proposed addition to the Calaveras State Park. Here is the beautiful gorge of the Stanislaus river, and here runs Beaver creek. The slopes of these streams present a variety of scenery, some open meadow, some dense forest, together with a variation of altitude that gives the visitor views and vistas of entrancing beauty and wild grandeur. ROSALIE EDGE. , Mrs. C. N. Edge, Chairman Emergency Conservation Committee. ON No. II Editor The Californian: a Your editorial of nearly a week ago in "Random Notes" in regard to Proposition No. 11, that it is only a proposition for a 10 per cent of the people. True, it is about that percentage that will receive those checks but that money will create that much business each month as each month that money must be spent in order to get next payment and each person receiving such payment must give up his job to a younger person. The 3 per cent gross income tax is not very likely to increase as such a tax has proved to be so profitable in the Hawaiian islands for more than 15 years and brought in so much money the tax was decreased. I am enclosing a bill for your study and also Congressman Alfred J. Elliott's speech on H. R. 1649 intt Washington. Now we have 23 congressmen, 22 of whom have signed Petition 17 to get such as our California Proposi- . tion No. 11, enacted into a federal law. And not only our "unthinking" congressman, 213 have signed said petition and only have five more to go when Congress convenes after the November 7 election. Congressman Elliott in a talk here in Delano, talked very encouragingly that H. R. 1649 will be enacted Into law by the end of the year and what we do here in California will be encouraging to Congrem. We feel that a thoughtful majority of the 70 per cent will vot« "yee" on Proposition No. 11. MRS. D. B. CONRAD. Delano, subscriber of The Californian

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