ews Briefs Ambush Convoy SAIGON (AP) - North Vietnamese troops ambushed a supply convoy Sunday and battled Saigon forces on both sides of South Vietnam's border with Cambodia. The frontier fighting entered its third week. One vehicle was destroyed and two were damaged in the ambush on Highway 22 between Fire Base Tran Hung Dao and Thien Ngon, about 8 miles south of the Cambodian border and 75 miles northwest of Saigon. Great Justices WASHINGTON (AP) — Earl Warren, Hugo L. Black and Felix Frankfurter are ranked as three of the 12 "great" Justices in Supreme Court history in a poll of 65 "academic experts" conducted for Life Magazine. Four other current or recent members of the court, including Abe Fortas, are rated "near-great," with Fortas having the best chance at greatness had not a question of ethics forced him to resign in 1969. Hunter Killed CARL JUNCTION, Mo. (AP) — Dennis Neal Rowden, 20, Carl Junction, was killed Sunday in an apparent hunting accident near-this southwest Missouri community, the Jasper County sheriff's office said. Sheriff's officers said Rowden was hunting with another man when he was struck in the right temple by a bullet. The other man, who was not identified, was taken to a Webb City, Mo., hospital and treated for shock, officers reported. Socialists Win VIENNA (AP) - Chancellor Bruno Kreisky's ruling Socialist party won the biggest victory in its history Sunday in Austria's parliamentary elections. The electoral success was regarded as a personal triumph for Kreisky, 60, and his liberal policies. Interior Minister Otto Roesch said the party apparently had won a majority in the new parliament; Major Damage in Cherryvale Fire CHERRYVALE, Kan. (AP) — A fire in the downtown section of this southeast Kansas community caused extensive damage to at least three businesses Sunday, authorities reported. The fire chief's office at Independence, Kan., one of several nearby towns providing assistance, said the blaze borke out Sunday afternoon at the Char- loma Fiberglasing, Inc., plant and spread to a drug store. Gene Wantland, Cherryvale's assistant chief of police, said the plant was "a complete loss," and that the drug store and a machine shop had .also been damaged. There were no reports of in- By EVELYN STEIMEL DODGE CITY — "To many >eople a convict is someone with a big scar down the side of his ^e, who talks out the side of his mouth," said Rev. Ralph Wright. The prison missionary spent three days here, visiting schools, prison, and helping preach at the thirteenth anniversary celebration of the Bible Baptist Church on Sunday, with Pastor Bill Wamsganss. The 43-year-old, 350-pound minister who looks more like an amiable Santa Glaus than this classic description of a convict, travels cross-country to urge prison reform. He calls for compassion of the Christian for bis fallen fellowman who must make it on the outside against impossible odds.. He knows how hard it is for the convict, for Rev. Wright s an ex-convict, having spent nine years in the federal pene- ;entiary at Atlanta, Ga., for raudulent use of the mails in How They Voted WASHINGTON-HOW Kansas members of Congress voted on juries. Men and equipment were called in from Sycamore and Coffeyville as well as Independence to help battle the flames Minister Helps Many Ex-Convicts selling stocks and securities and other gambling "ventures. "I really lived a rich life for a while," said the ordained Baptist minister who started shining shoes at the age of eight in a bookie parlor and by 16 had graduated into gambling activities. "By the time I was finally convicted, I was living in a'$150,000 house in Florida, shipping stolen cars out of the country and was actually involved in organized crime. He also had a "clean" wholesale automobile dealership, he said. Violated Release Terms Twice he was released on good behavior, but each.time he violated the terms of the release 'and returned to the federal prison. Finally, while being treated at the federal medical center at Springfield, Mo., he began reading the Bible, and through the encouragement of a correctional officer and others, found the "peace" he sought and a new direction for his life. He entered the Columbia Theological Seminary in Atlanta under the vocational rehabilita- tion program, determined to be a prison chaplain. Ordained in July, 1971, he decided instead to become a traveling missionary and he and his wife, Donna, have covered 100,000 miles this year, in their "Gospel Caravan," They park the van in churcji lots, testifying in churches and schools along the way, visiting prisons, and "trusting in the Lord" to supply their needs. His program, . "The Third Cross," is designed to help other ex-prisoners find a way to stay out of jail. He us«s the example of the Lord, who forgave the good thief, and promises help to any convict who contacts him.. Through a network of ministers throughout the country, he helps provide employment and encouragement for ex- felons. "I have helped 300 this year, he maintains, adding that not one has returned to prison. "No one I have contacted has refused to help," he said of the ministers he calls upon. Even if an ex-convict has the finest college education, what can he do? He can not go into a profession, medicine, law, or accounting. When he applies for a job,.the first question on an application is, "Were you ever convicted of a felony?" Recidivism Rate The Reverend Wright shrugged and went on to describe the rate of recidivism saying that 70% of all prisoners released return within three years . . . that 80% of all crime is committed by ex-cons, according to FBI figures. "I know that most men leave prison planning never to return. But outside they are cofronted by so many problems in their own community, they are almost forced back to crime for lack of employment or even encouragement," said the minister in explaining the reasons for his ministry. He spoke of Attica with sorrow for the 43 deaths lost there and the failure of authorities to negotiate longer to avoid the loss of life, both that of guards' and prisoners. had no toilst out of every Prison reform is a necessity, he says, for we are sitting on a "powder keg in this country and Attica was just a kick-off." "Do you know that some prisons in this country were built before the inauguration of George Washington? That three years ago the largest federal women's prison facilities? That dollar spent on prisons, 95% goes for guards, bars, and weapons, and only 5% goes to prisoner's food, medicine, clothing, rehabilitation and education?" There has been some reform, he admits, but politicians and civic organizations are doing very little about prisons generally, he feels. "I suppose it will have to be up to Christians to do what must be done. We tend to forget Christ's message because it encumbers us with something we would rather forget," he muses. "I would like people to write to me if they have a family member who needs help, he said. He may be contacted through P. 0. Box 465, Springfield, Mo. REV. WRIGHT urges prison reform. roll calls last week: SENATE Resolution to override the President's executive order de- aying a pay raise for federal employees from January to July of next year — rejected, 32 to 51. Against — Pearson and Dole, Kansas Republicans. Amendment of Montoya (D- N.M.) to bar funds for activities of U. S. forces in South Vietnam after the date established for withdrawal of such forces by the so-called end the war amendment-rejected, 25 to 60. Against — Pearson and Dole. Amendment of Gravel (D- Alaska) providing for cessation of bombing and other ah" attacks in Indo-China—rejected, 17 to 60. Against — Pearson, Dole. Amendment of Allott (R- Colo.) providing additional pay increases for military personnel in the junior officer and junior enlisted grades — adopted, 65 to 4. For — Pearson. Absent — Dole. Amendment of Symington (D- Mo.) limiting to $350 million funds that may be expended this fiscal year on all programs being carried out in Laos, except combat air operations — adopted, 67 to 11. For — Pearson, Dole. HOUSE Resolution to override the President's delay in the pay raise for federal employees — rejected, 174 to 207. For '— Roy (D-Kan.), Winn (R-Kan.) Against — All others • from Kansas. Rogers Would Decline WASHINGTON (AP) — Secretary of State William P. Rogers indicated Sunday that President Nixon had not offered him appointment to the Supreme Court, and said he would not be interested. "I have made it clear over the years that I have no interest," Rogers said in a television interview. He appeared on the CBS program "Face the Nation." On other subjects, Rogers said: —The time has never been more favorable for a Middle East settlement. Israel's public latest U.S. not was re- opposition to the peace proposals fleeted in private talks. —The reelection of South Vietnam's President Nguyen Van Thieu "probably does represent the will of the people, but you can't tell because you didn't have a contested election." Will Vote With U.S. —The U.S. effort to prevent expulsion of Nationlist China from the United Nations is "a horse which race, were Some reported nations in the press to have favored expulsion have privately told him they will vote States. "I can't with the United think of anything more destructive to the U.N.' than expulsion of Nationalist China, Rogers said; If expulsion succeeds, he said, Albania might claim that all the activities of the Security Council since its inception were illegal. He denied that the Nixon ad ministration had threatened to cut off U.S. funds for the U.N if Nationalist China is expelled but he said it is true that it would be more difficult to get Congress to vote them. ' Kansas Legislators See Delay in Voting On Health Care Plan TOPEKA — A political action workshop group — including doctors, their wives and guests — was told here Sunday that a new national health care plan >robably will not be voted on n Congress this year. Guest speakers Sen. James Pearson, Second District Rep. Bill Roy, D-Topeka, and Rep. Don Brotzman, R-Colo., all agreed that broadbased medical health care plan probably will not be enacted until 1972. All did say, however,, that some specific programs, such as aid to families that are being wiped out by medical bills brought on by catastrophic illness or accidents, may be passed in the meantime. Brotzman, a member of the House Ways and Means Committee, said the catastrophic illness aid is a feature in all the many hundreds of medical care plans pending in Congress. "It's a winner," in public opinion polls, he said. 'New Revolution' In an afternoon session, State Sen. Harold Herd told the doctors participating in the workshop that all professional people are caught up "in a new Kansas Medical Society's Political Action Committee revolution going on in this country." Herd said that medical care has grown up on the basis of whether a man could "fight hii way up financially to the right of being able to afford it." all the medical care you can afford to purchase'," Herd said. The Coldwater attorney said the ame attitude prevailed in the ield of law. "All that has changed. People are going to assert their new rights. They are going to demand medical care for every human being in this country and the best solution will come rom you (the doctors)," Herd told the group. Later hi the discussion, State Sen. Tom VanSickle, R-Fort Scott, who helped engineer an effort in the Legislature to cut the recommended state welfare budget, and thus cut payments to doctors, said "the man in the street" agrees with that cut, even if it means some will go without medical care. Trial on Screen NEW YORK (AP) - Release of "Sacco and Vanzetti" ii scheduled for October in the United States and Canada under 'the UMC Pictures banner It's about the famous trial oi Bartolomeo Vanzetti and Nicola Sacco and was an award whining film at the recent Cannes Film Festival. (Hutchinson Nuws-UPI Telephoto) ROYAL FAMILIES — Emperor Hirohito of Japan received the worst welcome of his European tour over the weekend from Dutch demonstrators who urged 'Hirohitler go home,' and threw burning Jap- aneso flags at his car. Queen Juliana, Prince Claus, Emperor Hirohito, Princess Beatrix, Empress Nagako, Princess Margriet and husband Pieter Van Vol- lenhoven (left to right), stand on the terrace of the Soetdijk Palace in Amsterdam where the Emperor lunched with the Queen. We said, 'You are entitled) "I'm not talking about the doctors and the lawayers or the welfare recipient. I'm talking about the man in the street. He likes what we did," VanSickle said. He said attorneys defending indigent clients have had a cut i fees, too, noting that a recent fee he took for defending an indigent was cut by 40 per cent. House Speaker Cal Strowig, R-Abilene, outlined for the doctors most of the bills pending in the Legislature that will affect the medical profession. Paramedic laws, malpractice laws, the quest for a medical school at Wichita State University, and welfare cuts led the list. Earlier the group heard from a group of newsmen an a panel moderated by Whitley Austin, president of the Salina Journal. Fire Tips Win Contest Prizes It was a hot week in The News tip contest, with tips on fires winning all three prizes. James Snyder, 223 Central in Harper won the $10 first prize with his prompt tip on a downtown fire in that city. Virgil Bengston, RFD 2, McPherson, tipped The News on a fire at the Groveland elevator and gained the $5 second prize. The $3 third prize went to Doug Green, 817 East Sherman, who told The News of the fire that injured former mayor Merl Sellers. Honorable Mention Honorable mentions for the week went to Lawrence L. Keenan, Great Bend; Mrs. David Wilkes, 2702 North Monroe; Laura Curtice, Syracuse; Ron Howell, Garden City;' Mrs. Ralph Hurley, Sterling; Marvin Ward, 2005 Cone; Judy Clothier, 718 Buchanan; Mrs. Fred Stoss, 8 Harvest Lane; Clara Durr, Dodge City; Mrs. C. C. Mears, McPherson; Lester Conover, 407 West Sherman; Mrs. Freda Gumbir, 1705 Park; Pat O'Riley, 616 East 4th; Alice Bragg, 905 West 21st; Barbara Gumbir, Great Bend and Edith Carr, Harper. The News tip contest is on again and you could win some of the $18 in prizes offered weekly. If you see or hear of news happening just call The News collect at MO 2-3311 or write to The News, 300 West 2nd. Deaths (More deaths, page 9) Mrs. Emma S. Pearson WINDOM — Mrs. Emma S. Pearson, 85, Windom, died Sunday at McPherson County Hospital after a month's illness. She was born June 24, 1886, in Smolan, Sweden, and came to McPherson County from Sweden in 1908. She was a member of the Andover Lutheran Church, Windom. Survivors include sons, Albert, Moundridge; Carl, Lubbock, Tex.; daughters, Mrs. Tillie Myers, Healdton, Okla.; Mrs. Hilda Barstow, McPherson; Mrs. Effie Demoret, Wichita; sisters, Mrs. Edith Carlson, Windom; Mrs. Ruth Lundberg, McPherson; Mrs. Esther Erickson, Lindsborg; Mrs. Elvira McPherson, Wichita; ten grandchildren and seven great-grandchildren. Funeral will be 3 p.m. Tuesday at the church, Rev. David Nelson. Burial will be in the church cemetery. Friends may call at the Quiring-Glidden Funeral Home McPherson from 7 p.m. to 9 p.m. Monday. The family suggests memorials to the church building fund. Depot Open House BLOOM — The population of this Ford County community swelled from its usual 50 peo- )le to nearly 800 Sunday when Mrs. Annie E. Scott held an open house in "The Depot." Friends and relatives, former residents and old-timers of this community and southern Ford County came to see the former Rock Island depot which Mrs. Scott has renovated into a home. The depot was built in 1887 when the Rock Island came to Bloom, and was put up for sale in 1970. For sentimental reasons, Mrs. Scott's children purchased the building for $50, since their mother lived there as a child, while her father worked as section foreman. The 19x16 foot building was remodeled into living quarters, Dut the waiting room and ticket windows are intact. The exterior was painted its original railroad red and a platform encircles the building as in turn of the century days. "It's been a wonderful day —such a big crowd," said the 82-year-old Mrs. Scott. - "Everyone should have a day like this. I hear people say they hadn't seen this many hometown folk in 20 years," said her daughter, Mrs. Josephine Swenson, Lamar, Colo. Black Panther Killed DENVER (AP) - An ex pelled member of the Blacl Panther Party was shot am killed by police Saturday nigh after he reportedly stabbed three women, knocked down one officer with a panel trucl and exchanged shots with offi cers. He was identified as Jame A. Young, 30, of Denver, listei by police as early as 1965 a "dangerous ... especially to lav enforcement officers," Youn was expelled by the Black Pan thers in 1969 for what Panthe leaders said was a series o violations of party doctrines. Former Mental Patient Files show Young was a for mer mental patient with a po lice record extending as fa back as 1953, when he was tab bed an incorrigible in school. ] included charges of resistanc to and interference with polic and assault on a police officer. Saturday night's incident be gan directly across the stree from where Denver Policeman Merle Nading was shot anc killed Oct. 3. Patrons of a night club tol two off-duty police officers in side there was a fight in prog ress, Police Lt. Robert Shaugh nessy said. Four women, includin Young's wife, were involved i the disturbance and three wer stabbed by Young, Shaughnessj said. Page 3 The Hutchinson News Monday, Oct. 11, 1971 Senator Scores Nixon NEW YORK (AP) - .Sen. Jeorge McGovern, D-S.D!,.said unday he would disregard a all by Senate Democratic leader Mike Mansfield to hold back criticism of President Nixon's Phase 2 economic plan un- 11 details are known. And he scored the Nixon administration for harboring "an obsession about high wages 'and about inflation" while failing to recognize the problem of unem- )loyment. 'He's had 2% years to work out an answer to inflation and he problems of unemployment," McGovern said of Nixon. "Time is running out ... I iave very grave misgivings about the President's' new economic game plan and I intend to express them." McGovern gave his views on ABC's "Issues and Answers." "Now, the President has an obsession about high wages and inflation, but what about the fact that we have perhaps as many as nine or ten million people in this country who can't find jobs?" McGovern said. No. 1 Problem "That's the No. 1 problem, and I don't find anything in the President's economic game plan that's going to put those people back to work." Coyote Hunters Killed CARMEN, Okla. (AP) ; Tw coyote hunte,rs were killed Sunday when their light plane crashed and burned as it pulled out of a low level glide iive miles southeast of Carmen, Okla., in Alfalfa County. ..,?, The pilot of the plane, Robert Melroy, 38, of Derby, Kan.^and his passenger, George Qiii'nn, 53, of Midwest City, Okla., died when the plane burst : ':-<into flames on impact. Marvin Melrose, of Wichita, Kan., the pilot's brother-in-law, was watching from the ground. He said the plane did not appear to be in any trouble before the crash. He said Melroy and Quinn were part of a party of about 15 hunters who had been getting together for several years for coyote hunts. The ground hunters had been out about two-and-one-half hours when the crash occured at about 9:40 a.m. : . Divorce Rate Double for Those Who Marry Young (C) 1971 N.Y. Times News Service WASHINGTON — The Census Bureau has released striking statistical evidence that mother knows best: people who marry young are twice as likely to be divorced as are somewhat older couples. According to a new analysis, the bureau found that within 20 years of marriage, 28 per cent of men who married before the age of 22 had been divorced. This compared with only 13 per cent among men who married when they were older. The figures were nearly identical for women. Among those who married before their 20th birthday, 27 per cent had been divorced, compared with 14 per cent of those who married after. Census bureau analysis acknowledge that it is conventional wisdom that young marriages are more likely to end in divorce. But the striking Extensive Damage in Overland Park Fire OVERLAND PARK, Kan. (AP) — Fire officials in Overand Park are seeking to determine the cause of a two-alarm Dlaze Sunday morning which destroyed 20 units of an apartment complex in that city.. Officials say the blaze at the Montecello apartments was the worst residential fire in Overland Park since 1913. Three firemen, three residents and one Salvation Army worker were treated at Shawnee Mission hospital for minor injuries and released. Mrs Stephanie Hoobler and as P ect of the new studv > her small daughter were unin-; 8 ^', 18 l^T^ ° f ^ , , ,, , imtude of the phenomenon, jured when they jumped from a Unlike ^\w studies, which third-floor window to escape measure the number of mar- the blaze. The blaze was discovered about 5 a.m. It was believed to have started in the basement of the complex. It was still smoul- dering nearly eight hours later. No damage estimate was available, but it was expected to run high since 19 of the 20 units were occupied riages and divorces in a given year, the census bureau study is regarded as unusual because it covered the whole adult life- tune of those surveyed. Based on 1967 Survey The analysis recently completed, is based on a 1967 survey of 28,000 households in 701 select counties encompassing every state. Other findings include the ollowing: — The divorce rate for young marriages is even higher among )lack couples than white. With- n'20 years, divorce resulted in 6 per cent of marriages in- r olving black men under 22 and 47 per cent of those involving black women under 20. — A white single woman's probability of getting married •eached a peak between the ages of 22 and 24. At those ages, 26 of every 100 single women surveyed were wed each year. After age 24, the probability drops sharply. Among black women, the chances were about he same for all ages between 20 and 29. — During the first two years of marriage, the presence of a child doubled the chances of divorce — probably because many such, children followed premarital pregnancies, and the consequent "weakness of the marriage ties." — The chances of divorce were twice as high among men who made less than $8,000 than among those who made more. Similarly, the chances of remarriage improved proportionately with higher income. — Men were more than twice as likely to remarry during the first five years following divorce than later. Overall, according- ing to other census-data, about three-fourths of all divorced men and. three-fifths of divorced women eventually remarry. — Men were somewhat more likely to remarry than women in any given year. The odds for men were about 17 in 100, : for women 13 to 100. Remarriage Odds The study found that the odds of remarriage were particularly low among men who were poorest and who had been divorced for more than five years. Among this group, the odds of remarriage in a given year were 3 in 100. Meanwhile, among men who earned $8,toOO or more, and who had been more recently divorced, the odds, of remarriage were 10 times more favorable. \ The authors of the census , report calculated that there were, at the time of the 1967 study, 51,101,000 women and 43,657,000 men between the ages of 14 and 69 who had ever been married. ;' The difference in the toitals is explained by the fact that women marry younger and-Jive longer than men. ; The study showed that about 15 per cent of the men 'and about 17 per cent of the women had been divorced. Among blacks, the figures were 28s per cent for men and 31 peri c,ent for women. ! ( About 12 per cent'Of all inen and 14 per cent of all women had been married twice; about 1 per cent of either sex-, had been married three times.
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