Good Morning A good resolution for motorists to keep—Drive safely during 1938, MORNING HERALD Weather Forecast Mostly cloudy and warmer, pro ably light ruin in extreme wa portion Tuesday. Wednesday CfiJ crally /air and allghtly colder. VOL. XLII, NO. 3. Ye»lerdit)r'» I'rew Hnn 5,500 HAGERSTOWN, MARYLAND. TUESDAY, JANUARY 4, 1938. >)— Meant Associated PrcM SINGLE COPY, 2 CENTS. SHARP FIGHTS IN HANGCHOW LOSSES HEAVY Japanese Reported to Be Retreating from the City FEARS ARE HELD FOR MISSIONARIES Americans in Danger of Being Trapped at Suchow Shanghai, Jan. 4 (Tuesday) (fP) — Chinese military authorities reported today flying columns under Gen. Chang Fah - Kwei, famed "ironsides" commander, had driven the Japanese from Hangchow with heavy losses. Sharp fighting; was reported de- vploping along tile shores o£ the Wcist Lake, on the outskirts ot the historic capital of Chekiang province, 120 miles southwest oE Shanghai. Japanese AMERICAN FLIERS KILLED AT HANKOW Hankpw, China, Jan. 4 (Tuesday) |7P)'—A. F. Sangster, American aviation instructor, and Harold Walsh of San Francisco, his mechanic, were killed today In a crash at Hankow. Their pursuit plane had reached a height of 1,500 feet when it crashed to the earth in full view of their comrades and spectators at Fohs Field. (Sangster's address was not given. There have been previous reports of a few American aviators acting as instructors for China's air fprce, but deaths of Sangster and Walsh were the first fatalities of American airmen reported.) GOVERNMENT WINS POWER LOAN RULING Supreme Court Upholds PWA in Granting Funds 1CKES IS ELATED AT COURT VERDICT REOPENING ASKED BY FORIKOMPANY National Labor Relations Board Asked to Vacate Recent Decision Detroit, Jan/3 (f?)- The Ford j 5146,917,808 of proposed con- No Invasion of Legal Rights Is Suffered by Complainants Washington, Jan. 3 (£>)— The Supreme Court threw out the challenges of two private power companies to Federal financing of public power projects in a decision which Secretary Ickes said would affect Motor Co. asked the National Labor Relations Board today to va struction. Unanimously, the court ruled that cate its recent decision that the i u, e Alabama and Duke power corn- company Violated the Wagner la- hor relations act, and Ihe board announced it would action against th defer court nsisted their oceupa tion of Haugcrow was complete and j considering the petition for unopposed. Communication with Hangchow was shattered hut latest foreign reports from there intli- •aled foreigners were safe and the pitualion (Ulict. Varied Claims Other Chinese reports said the Japanese occupation o[ the area from Shanghai westward to Nan- king l vas far from complete. Isoliiled, hut iu some cases large bodies of Chinese .were said to ?><> causing the Japanese ceaseless I rouble in maintaining occupied positions as well as communications. The Chinese claimed the Japanese were extended over an area too large for their available troops to con I rol. hearing. The 14-page petition, filed with the Labor Board in Washington, said the company had been "denied a fair hearing both withiu ! paniDS had no legal right to contest tlie validitj' of PWA loans and grants to local governments in Ala- ( bama and South Carolina for the company while j construction ot power plants. new i The justices held the companies l hiid suffered no invasion of legal or equitable right as (lie result of the government's activity concerning these projects. Cither Actions Ickes. the Public Works Admin- tbe meaning of the statute and >" i is(ra(0 ,. sM the decision Would af- violatiou ot the fifth amendment, ^ im ' me(]i . lle , y 6l pl , wic power to the Constitution of the United States." It said evidence would lie offered at a rehearing to disprove the anti-union activi'.ies charged to the company in the decision, or justify them in the light of the "history of the time." which certain selfish corporations sought to block the will of the people. The people have won." The Labor Hoard gave no indi- ]n Un . ee other actions affecting eutiou as to wbe:i iL would act upon the petition. Should the re- projects In 23 states, involving a total construction cost of Roosevelt Delivers Message President Roosevelt is shown delivering bis annual message to a joint session oE Congress January 3. He declared the "misuse of the powers o£ capilsl" must he ended "or the capitalistic destroy itself." system will PROBE OF VALLEY AUTHORITY ASKED Senator Norris Wins Support for Request in Congress "This decision," he said, "ap-j , . pears at (lie end of a long trail on 1 . Washington, Jan. 3, (/Pi-—Senator Two Jnpuiiesi; columns were driv- j hearing be denied, the board's next nioYb would be tu imily to the linked States Circuit Court of An- rieals for an enforcement order. The board held the company responsible for violence whicli occurred at the Ford Dearborn plant May !!G. It ordered I lie company tu reinstate 2!l men discharged allegedly Cor union aclivities and to Ins from the mirth and south to pinch off Kuchow. in northern Kiangsu province, one of the most railroad junctions iu important China. One army swept south through rich Shiintung province while the other, fin miles north from Nanking, was battling a Chinese army at Kyshan, on the fringes of the Kiangsu Lakes region. Reports from the battle area 300 miles northwest of Shanghai indicated four American missionaries were in danger of being trapped at Sue-how, Hie strategic: jnnc-liou of the Tientsin-Piikow railway, link- _ ing Central and North China, and | ]_ a |, ol . Board with Ihe Lunghai, the greatest east-west trunk railroad. The missionaries who remained al Sue-how were Dr. and Mrs. Frank A. Brown, of Norfolk, Va.; Dr. Archibald MacFayden, Tlaeford, N. utilities, the court: (Ind-Neb) won -Immediate support in Congress today when lie requested an investigation into the Tennessee Valley authority and into legal struggle's against its 1. Reversed by a li to 2 vole, a | activities ' ' California district court decree en-1 T , |( , xebraakan. who sponsored a rate-maldng order of th i railroad commission. (Continued ou Page 12) The MAGISTRATES MUST COLLECT ALL FINES X. D. Grier, Due post notices that it was desisting from interference with the United I Automobile AVorkers or other gitimale labor organizations. The 10-day period granted for eonlpli- | ance with those orders expired last '"The Ford petition charges the Baltimore, -Ian. 8 (^-Attorney ...bo,- Boanl with "failure lo take | General Herbert K. 0 Conor nto account" the 'epidemic" of "arned county magistrates today that they, or their successors, are responsible for the collection of all ',„),'; I Justices Held Responsible in Motor Vehicle Law Violations sil down strikes in Michigan last yeni- in which "industrial plants were seized by force production suspended their men f'., and Mrs. West, K. C. To the east of Ihe s vnncing Japanese, units, bombing planes raided the Tsingtao peninsula. Pingtu, Fif) miles northwest n[ Tsingtao, was bombed. Nine missionaries of Ibe Southern Hap- tist. Chilrcli with headciuaflers at i Richmond, Va., are in Pingln. j The planes scouted Tsingltio mid j • a Japanese warship dropped anchoi wishing to work were forcibly restrained from doing so and even forcibly restrained trom leaving the seized plants." Approval Is Given to Reorganization Baltimore, Jan. 3 W) —Federal Judge William C.'. Coleman today a'o'ft'iy'''The wide-1 approved reorganization of J. 0. spread belief the'cily was lobe at- |J<"' lR "« nud Sons, In,-, under the tacked by Ihe Japanese navy was !-National Bankruptcy Act. heightened when tho man-of-war Ihe luxurious swung; alongside waterfront hotels. It turned about and set nut tn sea. however, without disclosing tho object of Urn visit. A hearing on the plan will be held Jan. 27. Meanwhile, the com pany was left in possession or its properly. The concern employs around 250 persons in Its textile plant iu 1 lagerstown. CUMMINGS ASKS CONGRESS TO STUDY ANTI-TRUST STATUTES Roosevelt Indicates He Will Ask Congress to Tighten Controls over Monopoly—Message Will Be Sent to Congress Later Washington, Jan. :! (/P)—Presi-. isting anti-trust laws, dent Roosevelt indicated today he Senator La Folletle (Prog., Wls.) would oak Congress to tighten ex- said be would support a resolution isting controls over monopoly. | for a Congressional monopoly in- Thn Chiet Kxecutive made gen-j vesligaiion if it were conducted "to eral references lo the subject 111) weigh, in Ihe light of public policy, his message lo Congress on the state of the nation, and said he would send a later message "in regard to the relationship of govern- nienl lo certain processes of business." Saying that there are business pr;H;lic-es "which most people believe should be ended," Mr. lioosc- vclt. asserted these included "collusive bidding iu deliauce of the! spirit, of Ihe anli-trnsl. laws by methods which baffle proseculiou Ihe whole question of competition and monopoly." La Follelle said he would not favor a "slap-dash hearing." and woefully In noo.d of a the changes in eco- resurvcy nomic life since our anti-trusL leg- islalion was lirst put the under present sliUuled." Mr. Roosevelt's sUtemenls tol- lowed a ruconimenilallon by Attorney General CnininliiKS for a Congressional study of Ihe anll-trnal Inwfl. In his animal' report, CummliiRs Raid existing laws are not iidcqiialc for "dealing with Ihe ninny raiiii- Mentions of Ihe (monopoly) problem. Ho submitted willi his report one front Robert II. Jackson, Assistant Allornoy (ionornl, criticizing court Interpretations ot Hio €X- slatute books In the 'nineties.'." Chnirmnii Wagner (D., N. Y.) of Ihe Semite Ranking Committee, said, however, that he saw no need for an extensive investigation. "We should be ready to legislate against monopolies now," he mild. "Wo surely have enough iivallnble iMfonmUlon about Iliem." A similar view has been expressed by Senator Hornli (Itopub- lie-mi, Idaho); co-niilhor of a pond- Ing anti-monopoly bill. This measure, drnflccl by Unroll and Senator O'.Mahoney (D;, Wyo,), would provide for Federal licensing of nor- pornllonn engaged in inlemlato commerce. r :i U U lines for violation of the motor vehicle laws. In a ruling issued to Waller H. Rudy, Motor Vehicles Commissioner, O'Connr nssprlPil fines should be collected when imposed, or the violator jailed in "If, for some Ihe TVA legislation in the Senate. mode his proposal in Ihe form of a resolution, which would make up to $200,000 available for the inquiry. it asked a study ot any "dissension" among TVA directors as well as of any efforts oi private utllilk's lo hamper TVA operations. Norris sntd litigation against the agency had "cost the government millions of dollars." lie said he had asked for !he investigation on the strength of recent newspaper stories felling ot conflict between TVA Hoard meill- hers over policies, Chairman Arthur E. Morgan and two other board members, liar- court A. Morgan (no relation lo the chairman) and David K. T.iHenthal recently disagreed about the handling of claims made by Senator Derry lO-Teuii) and others for damages duo lo Ihe covering of marble deposits by wnier impound- cil in Hie TVA project. PLAN IS APPROVED FOR BUSINESS TAX Washington, .Jan. 3 (/P>— A proposal to increase the proposed income tax on corporations having profits ot $20,000 to $25,000 received tentative approval today when a House ta:c sub-committee started the new congressional session by resuming; its tax revision studies. It proposed that corporations with income ot $25.000 or less pay 121/a per cent on the first $5,000, M per cent on the next $15.000 and l(i per cent on the last $5,000. The rates "would take the place of those of 12 1 ,;. per cent on the $5,000 and M per cent on earnings between $5,000 anil $25,000. which the suit-committee had accepted during the spuc-ial session. BITTER FIGHT FOR TERUEUS RAGING Tide of Combat Reported to Be in Favor of the Insurgents AIRMAN DECLARED AS LEGALLY DEAD Detroit, Jan. 3 (fp) —Ten years arid four months from the day he adventurously flew southward, the fantastic story of the aviator Paul Redfern was climaxed today by an order of circuit court declaring him a dead man. One upon another until they totaled 13, expeditions had sought the missing pilot in South American wilds while the lore surrounding the lost man steadily was enriched with new suppositions of his fate. Some rumors, generally discredited, said he had been captured by savage tribes in the tipper Amazon region. No searcher, however, ever returned with the answer to his disappearance. Today, acting on the petition of Redfern's wife, Gertrude, who said she had spent all her savings to aid the searchers, Circuit Judge Robert M. Toms ruleff the avfator legally dead, pronouncing the wife a widow. She had sought to remove the uncertainty of her status. PHOEBUS ANSWERS KIMBLE'S CHARGES Somerset Countian Announces Candidacy for Governor Baltimore, Jan. .3 (fP'f— Labor Commissioner Harry T. Phoebus tonight countered what he said was a request for his resignation with an announcement that he will he a candidate for the Republican gubernatorial nomination this year. Phoebus said State Senator Robert B. Kimble had accused him of malfeasance in office and had asked him to resign, Kimble displayed a telegram from Governor Harry W. Nice In which the Governor said; "Have telegraphed the Senator (Phoebus) requesting written answer and have advised him Ihe matter will be held iu abeyance pending receipt of his answer. ROOSEVELT ATTACKS BUSINESS PRACTICES, DECRIES LABOR RIFT Address to Congress Regarded as Unexpectedly Conciliatory—Revival of Wage-Hour Bill Sought— Second Message Awaited Washington, Jan. 3 (IP)— President Roosevelt asked the newly convened Congress today for legislation to end "harmful" business practices, and appealed to business itself to help in the stamping out. In a personally delivered message broadcast to almost the entire world he promised business that if it would cooperate with government in this way, it could count upon government to cooperate with it "in every way." After the recent vehement attacks upon some sections of the business community by high Administration advisors, the President's address was generally regarded in Congress as unexpectedly conciliatory. But opponents of the Administration were still wary, nevertheless, and before determining their course of action preferred to await a second message on the subject of business reforms which Mr. Roosevelt said he would send to Congress later. Otherwise, today's message: Noted a troubled and tense world situation which he said made It necessary that the nation he "adequately strong in self-defense." Reported that the budget which would be submitted this week for the next fiscal year would not show a balance between income and outRo but would reveal "a further decrease in the deficit." Called for wage and hour legislation as "a problem which Is definitely before this Congress for action." Expressed the hope that conference committees work out a crop control bill which would confine the cost to what is now being paid for that purpose—$500,000,000 annually. And. proffered advice on the writing of a tax bill; no increase in the total revenues to be collected, a watchfulness against opportunities for tax evasion, and a "change" in provisions which have been "proven to work a definite hardship." But, in view of the suspense that has been created by the speeches of Robert H. Jackson, the assistant Attorney General, and Secretary Ickcs, accusing big business of going "on strike" against the government in an effort to free itself of all restrictions, Mr. Roosevelt's words on this phase had been eagerly awaited. Divided Reaction "There is no other course open to me as the final arbiter in this matter and fairness prompts reasonable time in preparation of defense." Charges Are Made Kimble said he wired In return that lie wns willing lo wf.it but would still question (he legality of Phoebus' acts since the charges were sent to the Governor Dec. 17. Phoebus said he received from Kimble two days ago copies of charges the Allegany counlian sent to tbe Governor. The accusations, he said, made it "man- Hendaye. FrAuco-Spanish Fron-i dalo ' T " for Mm '° announce his , ,,„ ,, , ... ; candidacy immediately rather than Her, Jan. X Iff, - Heavy fighting: ,,,„,, 12 as )]e ha(] ])lann(i( , which left Tei-unl's snow-banked T |, c Commissioner, a native of battlefields littered with thousands I Somerset county and a fellow He- of dead surged tonight about the!"" 1 ' 1 '''"" of Kimble in Ihe Senate, Norris said the investigation i default. reason, the fine is not immediately collected, it ; ]„(,,,],.,. j n j 0 dissension over should not be abandoned ''"t i mediation agreement which mem should be followed up by the jus- lice or his successo'- and collected surge' j slrategicnlly loented provincial [ c-apilal. j The idfi of comb;U at. most i points was in Ihn Insurgents' favor. might be lirondt-netl to include nil ai . r . m . rtinK ,„ a , :cmlll , 5 reaching the said he will ask Governor Nice lo grant him a public hearing on (Continued on Page 12) at a later dale." ho warned. "The j man om)osr(! publicly. prnrndurn would be for Ihe justic frontier, but each side claimed c.<m-1 trol of the city for which more than 1 hers of Ihe board were reported t°j»oo.OOO men were lighting. i have favored hut which the cha 1 " r TWO HELD IN CONGRESSMEN GIVE YIEWSONMESSAGE Democrats Generally Praise Utterances of Roosevelt LIQUOR CASE to send a constable to apprehend the Iraverser." Referring specifically lo cases in Caroline county, mentioned by Rudy, the opinion cited fines imposed several years ago but never Hampered by freezing tempera- itnre. Ihe government troops tried 1 Federal Investigators Charles by a series of assaults to turn tbe i Cusliwa and David Walker arrested mon " Insurgent Hghi (lank hut the In- (wo men on charges of violating snrgents asserted they were re-[n,e internal revenue laws and Senator Berry said that he he-; lieved the resolution was enough to provide a thorough-going ^ investigation of TVA ."from a" i pulsed. angles" and that he favored Ilioi Meanwhile, (lie Insurgent move. of | flank appeared lo lie advancing. j seized a still, mash and whiskey in the Katies Mill section yesterday. collected. "In some cases, the fi DO longer lives within 111 dic-tiou." the ruling pointed out. "In other cases, the magistral? is dend or out of oflice. Some of these fines were imposed as long as six years ago and no reason appears * * " for the delay in collecting these tines." In one case, the defendant died i „„,.„, of Tpn ,,,|. seizing positions I .„ |a |i cil '"", n ' lhc Washington "'" iHl ' " Republic-nil .Leader JleNary 1 Oregon, who previously had urged [ which Ihe government lino neicl lor i (-f,,,,,,,. Pt s r' jae investigation, said he w<!S[ a year before starling Ihe surprise ! , n i , 11 ,studying the question (if making '• i nfOnsiw tvfiic-li, Hirer 1 weeks <'igo, Klincr .lones and Maxwell Jones even bro.idor ihan N'orris ; LeroyT. Vernon Dies in Chicago T.erov T. Vernon, W, political ed- bofore the linn WBS collected. itm , Q( -^ c ,,, caBn Dnily News and O'Conor held I his fine should he declared "uneolloclable" and "written off" hy Iho proper authority. Magistrates hav full authority to collect, outstanding fines and lake all necessary steps to close a rase instituted during the term of a predecessor, he added. Long Range Relief Program Is Urged .Hfilliesrta, Aid., Jan. :t (/}>)—Mayor Howard W. .Iadi.--oii of Baltimore, i"dmli<lnlt! fitr 'Iio Democrat* S'lihernaloriit] nnuii nation, tonight advised it lout-range relief program for Maryland, Jackson, speaking hefore the unlgomery Comity Jac-kson-for- Covcrnor Club, assm-ied: "The nb- ice of any policy hy tho slate was responsible Tor the eontrover- ut the InH|. regular session of the Legislature ovftr the problem of dired, relief for tho unemployed, and wns responsible for tho spucial session called after the •ognlar session had adjourned, "Action is needed hy Ihe state to gntlicr information a.s lo the nature and extent, of tho permanent, wolfnro problem, nnd ilion to determine what Is tho beat course to pursue." for 25 years chief of the .newspaper's Washington bureau, died suddenly yesterday in his home, in Chicago, 111. Vernon recovered from an attack of pneumonia in November, but later suffered a blood clot in his right Ir-K. Me lapsed suddenly into unconsciousness and died five minutes later. Vernon wns in Washington through six Administrations, returning here several years ngo to become Hit: N*<uvs' political editor, lie was a past president of the (iridiron Club in Washington. He la survived by his wife; a daughter, Mrs. Frank W. Mlsii. Jr., of near Wllliamsport, Mel., and a brother, Mercer, of Washington. Mr. Vernon was \vHI Known hero where be frequently visiled. ,f n i I to a wa i t a rra ign men t today before U. S. Commissioner I). Angle Woliinger. "j In addition to seizing a 'Ifl-gallon wrested TVrurl from t be Insur * P1 ?i*\, , -, . ,1 ' Rli11 - 2(0 sallons of mash and 30 (In Madrid, hnwpvnr, the govern-1 .. ... , , , . . ,,.?. , gs OUR of whiskey, the nvestiga- men asser ed hat, in addition to!, c , , , , . ,, . ,, . .tors confiscated n truck, holding their lines at .all vital; . ' points closest to the city, government troops bad recovered soinp lost ground and captured many prisoners.) Over tbe week-end the Insurgents, in the greatest haltle of Iho | Magerstown Police are co-operat- Police Tagging Untested Autos year and a half-old war, reported ARRIVES IN HOLLYWOOD Hollywood, Jan. 'I, (fl*). — Leopold Slokowsltl, conductor of Ihe Philadelphia orcheslra, came here today to direct Mickey Mou.ie. Wnll. Olaney iirllsf.s will iinlmntu a picture lo the music of Iho lone poem, "Tlie Sorcerer's Apprcnllce," by J'nnl Pukna, with Mickey Mouse In Ihe role of lh« npnrenlicfi, dnm:- baton, and acting lo Stokowskt's flovernnipnt forces who had held it for ten days were said to be re- trenl ing in disorder. Mace Is Appointed Sheriff of County Annapolis, lid.. Jail. 3 (tfV^Gov- c'rnor Harry W. Nice announced today he had appoinled ('. Ross Jlace sheriff of nalllmore county In place of T. J. Randolph Nicholas, who died during the holidays. In a formal slaleniellt tbe governor said: "I have made this appointment promptly because of. the urgent necessity for service to Ibo Circuit Court of Baltimore County, which Is now In session, nud al the urgent reciuest of the court llself. "Mr,- Mnce Is one of tbn oufslantl- lug members of .the Maryland State Unr and for'four ycnrs under President Theodore Roosevelt served as IT. S. appraiser. Mr, Maco Is a Republican and in his appointment T think I am serving well, from the standpoint of chnrncter, ahlllly and efficiency, the poople bt Baltimore Conntv/' ing with the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles in the Save A Life Campaign. All automobiles which have not as yet been tested under the provisions of the compulsory test law urn being lagged by officers. Tho tag notifies the owner to go to n designated garage at once for the proper examination and necessary nd.iustmenls, If any. A stub, wlm-h shows that notice has been served, is turned over to Ihe Motor Vehicle Commissioner. CONVICTS ARRESTED Kanford. N. C., Jan. 3, (#).—A group of Kederal Bureau of Investigation agents tonight caplured Hill Pr.yne and Wash Turner, notorious North Carolina escaped convicts. Panye, the slate's N f o. 1 bad man. and Turner, his companion, were surrounded while they sat In tin automobile on Cedar street here. The desperadoes, who escaped from tho Caledonia Prison farm at Halifax, N. C., Ken. K), 1937, were, heavily armed, hut offered no resistance when the agonls surrounded Ihem. They were lakeu to Chnrlolltt for Inlerrogatlon In connec.tlon -with a long lint of crimes, Including bank Washington, Jan. 3 crats in Congress generally praised President Roosevelt's message today, some Republicans said it was more conciliatory than expected, and other minority members nailed it an "alibi" to account for the business slump. Among the comments were these: Democrat Leader Barkley of the Senate— "A very comprehensive, well-prepared and constructive speech." Republican Leader McNary of the Senate— "A pleasing conciliatory speech in comparison -with some of the recent utterances by some Administration officials." Majority Leader Rayburn of the House— "The message was reassuring to everyone who wants to be reassured. I think it outlines a sound program." Republican Leader Snell of. the House — "It was more conciliatory than I expected." Senator Wagner <T>., X. Y.)— "A magnificent message supported by facts." Senator Vandenburs (R., Mich.) (Continued On Page 12) Youth Is Bitten in Leg by Dog Charles U Sheppard, 700 block George street reported to police last night, that his 17-year-old son, S. D. Sbeppard, was bitten on West Franklin street, by a police dog. Officers immediately contacted owners of the dog and ordered the animal,, penned up for a 10-day period. The youth bitten in the calf of the leg, was treated at the office of a physician. Drivers Released After Damage Paid Baltimore, .Ian. 3 (#>)—Circuit Court Judge Eugene O'Diinne, saying that "nothing pinches the union so much as delving into Its treasury," lodity released nine truck drivers utter $1,073.49 was paid for damages done during a strike. The nine were convicted oC riot charges in connection with Ihe burning of a truck nenr Baltimore Nov. 2^. The judge said ho did not know whether the men or their union had put up the money. "If Ihe union pays tho money, it will ho less likely to countenance violence In tho future," Judge O'Diinne said. "Only Abstract justice can ho accomplished hy Imposing Imprisonment on misguided men. Tho nine men were employes of ,-i Haltlmore-Vork, Pa., trucking He had gone througa three- fourths of his speech before be reached It; vociferous applause had greeted his remarks on foreign affairs, applause from others met his comment on the -wage-hour question, and there was obviously divided reaction among his hearers to other points of his message. Then, he said: "The objective of increasing the purchasing power of the farming third, the industrial third anfl the service third of our population presupposes the cooperation of what we call capital and labor. "Capital is essential; reasonable earnings on capital are essential; but misuse of the powers of capital or selfish suspension of the employment of capital (his nearest approach to Jackson's and Ickes' charge of a strike) must be ended or the capitalistic system will destroy itself through its own abuses." He said the majority of businessmen and bankers "intend to be good citizens," that the practices of which he spoke were confined to a minority, emphasizing that his words were directed at these only. "But unfortunately for the country," he said, "when attention is called to, or attack is made on specific misuses of capital, there has been a deliberate purpose on the part of the condemned minority to distort the criticism into an attack on all capital. This is wilful deception, but It does not long deceive. "If attention is called to, or attack made on, certain wrongful business practices, there are thoie who are eager to call it 'an attack on all business.' That, too, is -wilful deception that will not long deceive.' 1 Business practices which the President said "most people" believe should bo ended he listed as: (Continued on Page 12) Forecast Made of Population Here When July 1 rolls around the population of Washington county will be 70,86-1, figures compiled by the State Department of Health show. The figures represent an Increase of 604 over July 1, 1937. The estimated white population next July is placed at 69,032 while there will be 1,831 colored residents. The figures are based on the assumption thai the annual increase since the U. S. census ot 1930 was . the same as that between 1920 and 1930. Maryland's 1038 population is es- limated at 1,777,905, and Increas* of 17,763 over last year. LIKED HIS SPEECH Washington, Jan. 3 (ff) — Th«. President liked his own speech today.. .Capitol guards said that Juit before the Chief Executive lett the House chamber, ho remarked te Representative Snell (It-NY), on* ot Ihe special committee (hat escorted him to tho speaker 1 ! plotform: 'As they nay on the Ba»l. 8ld« In N«w York, 1 HUM* that.'t Mill' '*m| that'* not Mklii 1 *•*" ' '
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