The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on October 19, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Thursday, October 19, 1944
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TOKYO CLAIMS INVASION FORCES LAND IN PHILIPPINES *Bricker Lashes New Deal "Fear Combine THE WEATHER Temperature High yesterday 91 Low today „.„ „... 53 Rainfall .Season (Airport) __. _ T Year aBO (Airport) _ T Season (Land Company) T Year ago (Land Company) T Forecast Continued fine weather today, tonight and Friday. Paper Pickup Is Set for Saturday See Page 13 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1944 22 PAGES No. 69 Powerful Navy Forces Stream Into Leyte Gulf . Jap Radio Reports Beginning or Reconquest of Territory, Softened for Invasion by Unprecedented Raids of Past 10 Days By Awoclated Pren American expeditionary forces are invading the Philippines Tokyo radio reported today, striking at the very center of the vulnerable eastern flank of the archipelago. Domei news agency said flatly that United States forces have begun their "reinvasion of the Philippines," supported by powerful units of the Pacific fleet and China-based aircraft. " Sea forces, Domei said, included " the naval fleet under NAZIS NAB REICH TOWN EAST PRUSSIA BORDER CRACKED, SAY NAZIS LONDON, Oct. 19. <OT)—Berlin reported today that the Red army had smashed into East Prussia, forced-the evacuation of the German town of Eydtkuhnen, and opened a new offensive against the Junkers province from the south in a bid to break through to Danzig. The German high command reported the evacuation of Ey- dtkuhnen, 40 miles east of Inster- burg on the trunk railway to Konigsberg. Later Nazi broadcasts said the Germans had "disengaged themselves to prepared positions" south of Eydtkuhnen. "Northwest of Eydtkuhnen, strong German Panzer forces after a 6- hour battle closed "some of the gaps which had been torn in the front," Ernst von Hammer, a Berlin military commentators, said. By Berlin account, not yet confirmed by Moscow,, the Russian drive onto the German soil of East Prussia was developing rapidly. Assault Arc Extended The assault arc being clamped against East Prussia was extended by 60 miles when Soviet forces opened a new ' attack northward along the Narew river between Serock, just north of Warsaw, and Novogrod to the northeast, the Nazis •aid*. "The Soviet command obviously intends to smash open and envelop the German front by attacking from the Narew bridgeheads," Von Hammer said in reporting the "expected offensive with the aim of breaking through to Danzig." Na.zi accounts, which reported several days ago that a major Red army attack on East Prussia had commenced, said that fresh Russian 8ivi- sions of great strength had joined ahe battle and forced the Wehrmacht Continued on Page Eight Index to Advertisers Page Abrams, Dr. R. F 16 Aryin Theater 16 A&P Stores 15 Booth's 2 Brock's 2, 3, 17 Citizens Laundry 17 Coffee, Harry 2 Consumers Meat Co 14 Culliton, John W 17 Eastern 11 Edwards, Dr. E. P 2 Flickinger-Digier _ 21 Food City 15 Fox Theaters 16 GallenKamps 10 Granada Theater 16 Harrison's 17 Horse Races 16 Ivers Furniture 16 K. C. Repub. Central Com 8 .KERN 8. 16 Lim, T 17 Long, Dr. S. C 8 Market Spot 14 Mar-Vo-Aid 8 McMahan's '. 9 Mid-State Chemical Supply 9 Montgomery Ward 4 Owl Drug Store 6 Penney's 11 Phillips Music Co 2 Rialto Theater 16 River Theater._ 16 Sears Roebuck. 6, 7, 9 Smith's Farmers Market 14 Southern Kitchen .- _ 16 Technocracy •....«. M ...16 TJbbetts 10 Union Cemetery 13, 21 Victory /Shoe Shop..... ....16 Virginia Theater — 16 WeiU's : :. 8, 12, 16 Whelden's Market 14 the command of General Douglas MacArthur." An official Japanese com- munique said "the enemy fleet," accompanied by transports, moved into spacious Leyte gulfysome 400-miles from Manila, Tuesday (Manila time) and for the last two days nnvnl guns and carrier aircraft have been bombarding shore defenses. "Part of the enemy forces seem to have landed on Suluan island" at the entrance to the gulf, Domei news agency said. Losses Denied Domei asserted Vice-Admiral Marc A. Mitscher's powerful Task Force 58—the carrier arm of the Pacific fleet—was not participating in the invasion because of asserted losses suffered off Formosa. These have been denied by Admiral Chester W Nimitz. Since the Formosa battle. Domei broadcast, "the enemy has organized a new large task fgrce, grouping together the Fifth Fleet under Vice-Admiral Raymond Spruance, which did not participate in the air battle off Taiwan (Formosa), and the naval fleet under the command of General Douglas MacArthur, as well as other naval forces in the Pacific, excluding the Fifty-eighth Task Force." "Our army and navy forces in this sector,". Domei added, "are confronting the enemy forces with undaunted resolution." Pave Reconquest Way These broadcasts, recorded by the Federal Communications Commission, were the only reports that General MacArthur had taken the most crucial step to fulfill his pledge, made two and a half years ago, to return to the Philippines. While there was no confirmation that the Philippine invasion was at last under way, the combined Pacific sea forces of Admiral Nimitz and land-based air strength of General MacArthur have been paving the way for reconquest of the territory in 10 days of unprecedented raids on western Pacific islands for a thousand miles either side of the Philippines. These thunderous attacks which have cost the Japanese close to 1000 planes and hundreds of ships are still continuing, Manila radio reported, It told of 270 carrier planes striking in four waves this morning Continued on Page Eight PHILIPPINF ISLANDS BABUYAN IS I Seal* of Mil** Vicjan * LUZON ••South China Sco;. ' l -"'9°r™ Botoan Pen. «__''• , '»r > Pncifn Of CORREGIDOR Batongos * ^ MINDORO ' :BUSUANQA l MASBATE • -.-> --:;:. V"*'' f.Puerto Prrncc5Oi : ^'PANAY NEGROS SAMA.R: •CEBU ,' LEYTEiji: •- - BCHOL '..MINDANAO' :: NOR m JBORNIO RECONQUEST BEGUN. SAY'S TOKYO—Domei, Japanese news agency, said today that American forces have begun reconquest of the Philippines, reporting: that the United States fleet, accompanied by transports, streamed into Leyte gulf and have been bornbardlng shore defenses, while other United States forces landed on Suluan island, at the entrance to the gulf. Yanks raided Manila and Clark Field this morning, Manila radio said. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz announced that 2 Jap transports were sunk, 5 other ships left in flames, and 11 planes destroyed Wednesday (Philippines time) in a strike at Luzon and Camiguin islands. ALLIES TIGHTEN NOOSE ON NAZIS TRAPPED IN SOUTHWEST HOLLAND U. S. SEVENTH ARMY STORMS BRUYERS, KEY ROAD JUNCTION BARRING WAY TO VOSGES By J. EDWARD MURRAY SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, PARIS, Oct. 1!'. (HE)—United States First Army headquarters announced today that more than half of Aachen now is in American hands. The American siege force captured liJO German prisoners today as the slow but steady drive through the isolated city continued with numerous Nazi pillboxes blasted out by mortar fire. Canadian forces tightening; a noose on trapped German forces in southwestern Holland drove within a lit- ile more than a mile of Oostburg, the main stronghold in the dwindling pocket south of the Schelde estuary. Continued on Page Eight White House Statement Defends Rumania Armistice WASHINGTON, Oct. 19. OB—The state department said today in a statement prompted by Governor Thomas E. Dewey's foreign policy speech last night that the United States government participated "at all .stages" in Rumanian armistice negotiations. The statement also described, the Rumanian armistice as "a military document and not* a peace settlement" and said for that reason that it had been signed on behalf of the United States, Britain and Russia by the Soviet theater commander, Marshal Rodlon Y. Malinovski. Dawey, addressing the New York Herald-Tribune forum last night, said,' "this was no mere military armistice. That agreement fixed the future frontiers of Rumania. It disposed of Bessarabia and Transylvania, two of the worst trouble spots of Europe. It dealt with economic matters." * The White House earlier had told newsmen to look to the state department for comment on Dewey's speech because it dealt with foreign policy. The statement given, to reporters there "In reply to requests for comment," covered two points about the Rumanian armistice which were made by the Republican presidential nominee in that part of his speech assailing what he called President Roosevelt's "personal secret diplomacy." In its statement the state department said the signing by Malinovski "followed directly the patern of General Eisenhower in signing the armistice with Italy on behalf of the United States, the United Kingdom and the U. S. S. R." It then said that Hull had told a news conference on September 20 that the question of the final disposition of Transylvania would depend on "confirmation at the time of the general peace settlement." Of Bes- sarabia, the department said the armistice "merely restores the frontier between the two states as established by the Soviet-Rumanian agreement of June 8, 1940." The statement went on to say that on September 20, Hull "stated specifically that this government had been kept fully advised of the terms regarding Transylvania. Senator p'Mahoney (D-Wyo.), said Dewey "recklessly demands what amounts to an open break with Russia while the war is still on" and that his speech was the moet effective argument yet advanced for the re-election of President Roosevelt. Speech Wins Praise From Kern People Comments from among those hearing Governor John W. Bricker's speech this morning at the stadium indicated that the majority of men and women were Impressed with his personality, presence and message. Phil \Vagy, chairman of the central Republican committee, said: "I thought it a mighty fine speech, much to the point and well received." Mrs. Norman Jinnet: "He is a truly patriotic American and we need one in the White House today." Mrs Don Jinnet: "I enjoyed the speech very much." Mrs. A. C. Adams: "I liked it very much and I think Airs. Bricker is very sweet." Mrs. Paige Moiitegeale: "Governor Bricker is being well received everywhere in California." U. L. Klassen, \Vusco: "I thought it a wonderful speech. May God speed the day when he arrives in the government." Mrs. A. Wix: "I thought the speech marvelous." Mrs. F. G. West: "I thought the speech was wonderful and Governor Bricker is certainly handsome. Mrs. Fred E. Abbott, Jr.: "I want to find the right words. He is truly an American patriot and we need an American patriot tod/iy." CANDIDATE SAYS LABOR, AGRICULTURE MUST BE FREE OF NEW DEAL DICTATION Kern County Party Leaders Praise Bricker "STRONG CANDIDATE" IS VERDICT OF LOCAL VISITORS AT MEETING By MAE SAUNDERS Consensus of Republican leaders, men and woman alike today was that the party had a strong, patriotic, and handsome leader in Governor John W. Bricker, vice- presidential candidate of the party, X j5ind they were equally warm, in,. praise of Mrs. Bricker, whose poise, charm, and graclousness were definitely pronounced despite her "no speech" policies. Governor Bricker, as he strode along the platform this morning: upon leaving the train, expressed himself as being "happy and confident over the response he has received in California." He was wearing a gray business suit, white shirt with a deep maroon- colored tie with a slivered flowered pattern in it that were complimentary to his gray hair. Women definitely pronounced the governor "handsome" and were impressed with his "sincerity and true patriotism." The men liked his thoughtful and forthright manner. Men liked the quiet charm of Mrs. Bricker. Women loved her approachabillty and happy manner in greeting those presented to her. At the Bakersfield Inn, she was equally gracious to Pro-American leaders and to Negro women of the party who came forward to meet her. She wore a lovely taupe brown suit, pin striped checks, with a rare green and white orchid that was pinned to her brown stole collar. She wore a close-fitting turban with a flat feathered trim in front with a short veil and pearl earrings. Her lovely brown hair and brown eyes are a part of her real beauty. In a short interview, she proclaimed herself a member of the school of "leaving all important questions for her husband to decide." Not Her Field She said that politics were "not my field as I leave that to him." She said that she believed that women could "do much politically this year as men were away." She thought that "women qualified could do the speaking," when asked specifically about Clare Booth Luce. Governor Bricker said he thought his wife was interested in politics, but hoped she was more interested in him, according to a report from a member of his press party who overheard an Interview In Spokane. Governor Bricker is a speaker who knows crowds and moods. At Bakersfield Inn, he spoke, in a quiet, confidential manner ar.d on the platform at the stadium, ho used a more forceful, oratorical style. At the Inn, surrounded by his Continued on Page 1C IK lit FLASHES NEW NAZI WEAPON LONDON, Oct. 19. GB—Reports that rockets or robot planes were sighted over southern Sweden today caused speculation in London on the possibility the Nazis were developing a new long distance vengeance weapon which could be launched against England from German soil. 13 FLIERS KILLED SAN DIEGO, Oct. 19. (UPJ—Thir- teen naval fliers were killed when their four-engined patrol bomber crashed into a fog-covered peak on ti)o Coronado Islands, IS miles off Han Diego, the navy announced today. NORWAY BOMBED LONDON, Oct. 19. (UP)—Carrier- borne planes of the British home fleet bombed German shore installations in Norway. Saturday and Sunday, and scored hits on at least three enemy vessels off the coast, an admiralty communique,said today. BRIC'KER SPEAKS IN BAKERSFIELD—Lashing out at New Deal "Intimidation" of labor and agriculture, Governor John W, Bricker, Republican candidate for vice-president, delivered a fiery address to 5000 persons this morning at Griffith Stadium. The crowd enthusiastically welcomed the Republican nominee today in his visit to the city. F.Dl'S FOREIGN AFFAIRS HANDLING SECRET, PERSONAL DEWEY CHARGES REPUBLICAN CANDIDATE PROMISES TO SUBMIT POLICY TO POPULAR SUPPORT IN BROADCAST By JOHN L. CUTTERS ALHAXY, N. Y., Oct. 1!>. <U.P>—Governor Thomas E. Dewey, accusing President Hoosevelt of handling foreign relations on a "basis of personal secret diplomacy," promised today to submit foreign policy to popular support if he is elected president in November, nu'iit of 1'residciit Koosevelt's conduct of foreign affairs last night, Dcwey charged that ".secret" negotiations have been the custom, cited relations with Poland, Italy, ['"ranee and Rumania as "examples" and predicted that a continuation of the policy would prevent a lasting peace. "Our objectives and our methods must be known to our people and approved by them so that tliey will be willing to support them and to sacrifice for tlicrn in all the years to come," he argued. lie proposed that the United States participate in organization of a world peace league us rapidly as possible, without waiting for the end oC the war, and that it enter such a compact without any reservations which would nullify its power to halt future aggression, using force if necessary. Nationwide Broadcast The, Republican presidential candidate expounded his foreign policy views in a nationwide broadcast from the stage of the Waldorf-Astoria hotel's grand ball room in New York before an Invitational audience of approximately 2000 clubwomen, businessmen and civic and social leaders at tjie final session of the annual New York Herald-Tribune forum. Dewey's greatest response came when he declared that "this must be the last war." and that "to this end the United States must take the lead in establishing a world organization to prevent future wars." Dftwey described the present turbulent Italian situation us "the Improvised, inefficient administration which personal New Deal government is giving them." "Paying for Failure" He charged that "we are paying in blood for our failure to have ready an intelligent program for dealing with invaded Germany." He protested that a Russian representative acted as agent for the United States when Rumania's with- Continued on Puff Bight In a blistering inilict- STILL SELLING AT 90 LAWRE.NX'E, .Mass., Oct. 91. (UP.) Probably the nation's oldest insurance salesman is 9U-year-old George A. Foster of Ijjiwrence. Foster makes daily calls, many of them on foot. Nominee Announces Backing of Houser in Senate Race By BARBARA BECKETT Necessity of freeing this country from bureaucracy and intimidation of the New Deal in order to provide the freedom necessary for industry and agriculture to expand and make jobs for returning veterans formed the keynote of Governor. John W. Bricker's speech this morning in Griffith Stadium before a crowd of 5000 people. The Republican candidate for vice- president wound up a six-day campaign for California's 25 electoral votes today in Bakersfield by to- pressing confidence that the people of this state will rise to their responsibility to the men overseas by making sure that they will return to a country free of the propaganda, patronage and intimidation of the New Deal. "A subversive element in the New Deal dominated by Sidney Hlllman and Earl Browder is attempting to intimidate labor," he said. "The Political Action Committee has collected millions of dollars ostensibly for the betterment of labor, and is using that money for the selfish interests of one political party," Governor Bricker asserted. Says Labor Balks However, he said that labor is refusing to be coerced. The secret ballot provides that no man need tell how he will vote. Labor is refusing to have a noose thrown around its neck, he added. Governor Bricker said that In order that jobs may be found for those servicemen who have been fighting for us, it is necessary that industry be free to produce and expand, labor be free to organize and bargain, and agriculture be free to produce and expand. "Such freedom is based on confidence," he said. "Before any of these groups can expand and create a market for goods and jobs for the postwar period, they must have confidence that they will be free from bureaucratic domination," he said. "While our servicemen are freeing the world, we must free the United States of bureaucracy," he assorted. "The Republicans are not emphasizing the negative aspect of unemployment, but rather the positive necessity of employment." "Harry Hopkins said that, the people of this country are too dumb Continued on Page Sixteen Fear of Defeat Inspires Bricker Charges: Hillman NEW YORK, Oct. 19. OB—Sidney Hillman, chairman of the C. I. O. political action committee, said U'day that Governor John W. Bricker of Ohio. Republican vice-presidential nominee, was making "charges of a candidate gone wild with fear at the sight of the grim spectre of defeat constantly stalking him and his running mate." Replying to Bricker's Bakersfield, Calif., address, llillinun said in a formal statement: "Governor Bricker grows more and more, every day to resemble the character Josh Billings described as 'the man who knows so many things that ain't so.' Denies Intimidation "His latest charge in Bakersfield, Calif., is an excellent example. He charges that he has been informed that agents of the political action committee have launched a campaign of 'threats and Intimidation' to line up labor votes for the New Deal. And he goes on to say that this means that 'workers will lose their jobs, fail to get better jobs, or will bo let out when war production ends, or will not get peacetime jobs' if they f«il to vote for Roosevelt. "This Is all of a. piece with Governor Broker's other charges, the charges of a candidate gone wild with fear at the sight of the grim spectre of defeat constantly stalking him and his running mate. If he can't vin the votes of labor, he's going to scare them into voting for him. He himstlf explodes hia whole- ridiculous thesis by assuring labor in that same speech T want to give you this assurance. We still have a secret ballot in this country. When you enter the voting booth, you enter it alone.' Has No Proof "Governor Bricker knows that he has no evidence to prove this or any of the other wild charges he has been making about P. A. C. in this campaign. The FBI has twice investigated P. A C., the Senate com. mitt on campaign expenditures baa investigated, and so has the House committee on campaign expenditures. No one has ever been able to find a single specific instance to prove P. A. C. coercion. Governor Bricker is terrified at the size of registration, and of the job that P. A. C. has helped to do to cet millions of citizen* to register. "His own performance. and that of his henchmen aJl over the country, has been to use every device, and invent others, to cut down the *lM of the vote. Look what he did with his soldier vote law in Ohio. "He's terrified, because he know* what will happen with a heavy vote. s smells defeat." H

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