Wsdnesdoy, October 18, 1944 Cbttonal $age of Cfjc JBafeerstfielb Caitforman ALFRED HAHRELL • DITOI AND PCBLItntl Knttnd In post office «t Bckenflrid, California, as second clan mall under <ha act nf CnngreBa March 3. 1179. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Th« Associated Press tu exclusively entitled to the use for publication of all news dlspatchea credited »o !• or not otherwise credited In this paper, »nd also tn» local news published lharein. REPRES ENTAT1VES West-Holiday Co.. Inc. New York, Chicago, San Francisco. Los Angeles, Seattle, Portland, Denver WASHINGTON. D. C., BUREAU The Baskln Service. Washington, D. C. SIXTH DRIVE COMING S o LONG as there is a war on llic people will not be through meeting their obligations to the government in support thereof. We arc reminded of that by the announcement of Chairman Will and his associates thai the Sixth War Bond drive will begin on November 20 and continue until December 10, during which period it is hoped to sell bonds in the amount of $15,000,000.000. 11 is essential that the nation-wide campaign reach a successful conclusion. We may recognize that we are nearing the end of the European phase of the war, but even so there is mounting expense in connection therewith and when victory comes in that area we still have the problem on our hands of reducing the Japanese and placing them in a position where they will never be able to repeat what they have done in thrusting on the world. Every citizen should have it in mind that there must be popular support if the coming campaign is to succeed—and it must succeed in order to enable the government to meel its obligations in this crisis. And since we know the date for the beginning of the campaign it is timely now for potential investors to arrange their finances so as to do their part in the activity that is to ensue. The organization as it exists throughout this county is an admirable one. The workers very largely include those who have been successful in former drives and their experience will be most helpful in the campaign that is now scheduled. And in the meantime, within the city and without, another drive continues having for its goal the creation of a fund of $120,000, Kern's quota in the United War Chest campaign. According to latest figures, more than a quarter of the sum is yet to be subscribed and it is one that calls for active popular support and co-operation with the committee in charge. These War Chest workers are designated by Dr. Frederick Woellner of the University of California at Los Angeles as "the salt of the earth" and the persons who render aid in the drive as "those who give savor and flavor to existence and bring out the best in other people." That thought will be emphasized in the minds of many citizens as they join in aiding to meet the obligation that rests upon this community. All these demands place a considerable burden upon the people but none comparable to that which the populations in other nations are facing and whose problems cannot be solved without assistance from their neighbors. TANTALUM fTUNTALUM, the fabulous new metal, so X named because up until recent times it was exceedingly difficult to obtain, is now being used to effect one of the modern miracles of war surgery. This blue-gray metal, three times heavier than lead, yet so ductile that threads of almost invisible fineness may be drawn from it, has become the perfect element in surgery for it is entirely inert and docs not corrode nor does it irritate any kind of flesh or tissue. As a matter of fact, flesh and tissue cling readily to tantalum, which is never a source of irritation. Wires of tantalum, used as threads to sew up wounds, are so tine as to leave no scar tissue. These wires may also be used to sew together severed nerves which may be protected through the use of cull's made of the same metal. Tantalum is used in modern surgery to make facial restorations—to form a pliable base for skin and tissue. Ears may be restored through its use, even faces and, in one instance, a man was given a stomach wall composed of tantalum. Many metals used for surgical purposes are avoided by tissue and may cause irritation and may corrode, but not so tantalum, which was originally used surgically by Doctors John C. Burch and John Carney at Vanderbilt University. Most of the new metal is flown here from Brazil. Recently deposits were discovered in our own Black Hills country. ASSURANCE NEEDED F RIENDS of the Fourth term would very materially strengthen that movement through authoritative assurance thai some vacancies would be created in the Washington government which would permit the appointment of sturdy Americans. For instance, it has not been so long since Harry Hopkins published an article in the American-Magazine in which he voiced the opinion that "we should not be permitted to under- take a journey or make a long distance telephone call or send a telegram without giving evidence of the necessity. The government will determine the kind of food, clothing, housing and business which we shall have, affecting every detail of our daily lives." Of course it was easy for Mr. Hopkins to say that. He was a guest at the White House during a long period ami he and Mr. Ickcs and Mr. Wallace and Hex Tugwell were spokesmen for the administration. But we arc less concerned with what they did and said in the years gone by than with what they may do and say in the years ahead of us, and we have every reason to believe that if a Fourth term follows the Third term all these men will occupy places of importance, yes, of responsibility, in the Federal government. Wouldn't it be good if the highest authority in the country were to advise the American people that if this administration is perpetuated men such as those mentioned will have no part in formulating or directing policies which are wholly at variance with the American way of life? Emphasizing this point, a little less than a year ago Mr. Ickcs filled 21 important executive posls. lie was National Fish Director, Chairman of the Migratory Bird Conservation Commission, Federal Coal Mine Administrator and Petroleum Administrator for War. The he became Oil Co-ordinator, whereat he modestly said: "I am not an oil man and I do nobknow a thing about the oil business." So, again, it would be heartening if we could be assured of some changes in important -governmental positions if the Fourth term movement is endorsed by people in November. DITIONARY FORCE IN BELGIUM, Oct. 10. (Delayed) (JB—Civilians near he German frontier cannot under- land why the American Army isn't is ruthless with the German popti- ace as the Nazis were with the clti- leris of adjoining countries when Tiller was in his heyday. Typical Is the Lardinois family in he little Belgian village of Aiibel. Two of MS stopped at their little -onfectlonery for some pastry. They nslsted that we stay for lunch,and he table -was spread with real Belgian hospitality—which is equal to my in the world. After the dishes had been cleared, itir hostess, Madame Joseph Lardl- lois, told us why she nml her three Children—Jean. 24, Marthe, 21, and Marie Jose, 20—will always hate the \nzfs. Joseph Lardinois was a prosperous vholesale grocer In 1!MO when the "lorman army crashed across the 'rontior. lie bundled the family nto their car and started toward Brussels. Beyond Liege the column of refuges was attacked by 40 Nazi planes. "They came down and strafed us, Betting the car ahead and the car us on fire. My husband lalted our oar then and helped me mil the children to a ditch where vp stretched out to escape the fly- tit; bullets. "Four times the planes came bnck mil strafed the long line of scre-aru- ng and frightened refugees who wore huddled together like sheep ler.inse there was nothing else they The third time LOW COST HOUSING O F VITAL importance to liakerslield and Kern County is the activity under the guidance of the Kern County Chamber of Commerce and having to do with low cost housing, largely in agricultural and rural areas. We are reminded of the pressing necessity of making progress in this movement by the recent request of some 100 governmental employes located temporarily at the Airport and who are in training in important work in behalf of the war effort. Most of those men, some of them with families, have been unable to locate themselves within the municipal area or its environs and the anticipated need of providing more housing is visioned by all who have investigated the situation and realize what must be during these hectic days and in the postwar period. There is no reason why a community as wealthy as this cannot finance this activity and the Chamber of Commerce and other agencies will do a valued work for the community if it points the way to a solution of the housing problem for today and later. RANDOM NOTES Literature is being widely disseminated in the effort to heighten support of Proposition No. 11 on the ballot. Among other things, it is stated in a pamphlet that "abundance is within our grasp" if we endorse the amendment which would give "as a matter of right" all citizens of California past 60 years of age and all totally disabled citizens, regardless of age, a guaranteed minimum annuity of $00 per month. A correspondent directs the attention of this paper to the fact that if the proposal is adopted the 2V£ per cent retail sales tax as now collected would be eliminated. That is true, a contrary statement being in error, but the revenue now created by such tax would still be raised by other taxation to meet the needs of the commonwealth. Funds from the new 3 per cent tax which would be levied would go directly to those over GO years of age whether they need it or not. Any curtailment of present revenues would not mean that such revenue would not be collected from the public in some manner other than by the sales tax. But elimination of the sales tax would not be in agreement wtih the sentiment of the people of the state who realize that it places a burden upon all consumers in proportion to what they buy. The literature now being distributed by the Townscnd clubs rightly says, in discussing the proposed amendment: "We approach the crossroads." We certainly do for if this amendment is adopted it will create an additional expenditure, placing a burden upon 1)0 per cent of the taxpayers, many of whom find difficulty now in meeting the obligations to government, federal, slate and local. And it may be added that the 3 per cent on gross receipts is not the maximum tax thai may be levied. If the sum so created does not provide $60 for everybody over GO, Ihe rate may be increased to 5 per cent on gross receipts. It is not proposed to reduce expenditures through this amendment and the funds that are now created by the sales tax would have to be raised by some other form of taxation. How else can the slate meet its obligations? And the amendment would create an additional one. TLe W ar By HAL. BOYLE I "You Americans are too easy with WITH THE AMERICAN EXPE- I t - ne tlermans now. You really don't know them. You will live to regret your kindness." Along the border they hold their hates. could do. struck my Millets." M-irthe silently husband with three brought out n neatly pressed vest. Holes showed .he path of the bullets. "My husband, although both of lii.s lungs were punctured, got to his !-t and tried to help us back into the car when the planes left." Madame Lardinois continued. "\\"e managed to get to the next town mil tried to obtain medical aid but I here were scores of wounded and it was six hours before a doctor treated him. But it was hopeless uiyway. He was too badly wounded to live." She paused. "There were many terrible sights that day. Much as I grieve for my husband I feel sorrier still for one .'ding mother who tried to run to safety with her baby in her arms. One bullet struck her child in the head and scattered its brains all over her. I will never forget the sounds that that young woman made." There was nothing we could say. \Vhen we turned to go a little later Marie Jose looked at us gravely and By WILLIAM B. DICKINSON Unite'l Press War Correspondent AX ADVANCED ALLIED BASE IN NE\V GUINEA, Oct. 1C.—In a series of savage smashes against Jap whipping from Ambon to the Philippines the fumed Black Bat Squadron has just eclipsed all previous records for shipping sunk or damaged. A number of air crews of this squadron today are enjoying brief leave from this base after a five- weeks tour of duty in which during seven missions apiece, each definitely sank 104,500 tons of enemy shipping and heavily damaged OL'.OuO tons more. The streak began September 1 and continued through October 4. The high scorer was Lieutenant (j. g.) "William (Wild Bill) Sumpter, whose wife lives at (704 East Nineteenth street) National City, Calif. Sumpter, a former navy enlisted men who has been in the southwest Pacific area lu months, sank 14 Jap ships including a cruiser and damaged 2 more for a total of 38,000 tons. His plane has never been hit despite fierce anti-aircraft fire encountered on several occasions—notably when lie made 17 runs with all guns blazing buck and forth across a Jap cruiser which his bombs had mortally wounded on his first run. He repeatedly took his slow Catalina over the cruiser so low the Jap gunners Id-came confused and were unable to hit him. The squadron's best night was September ~o. bumpier found two destroyer escorts and a seaplane tied together in Davao gulf and laid two SOU-pound bombs and two 100-pound- ers squarely on the three ships. Then he watched them burn and sink. The same night Lieutenant-Commander F. P, Anderson,, Stockholm, Maine, an Annapolis graduate whose wife lives at Coronado, Calif., got a 10,500-ton tanker off Kendari and Lieutenant (j. g.) William K. Polk of South Carolina, sank a 3000-ton freighter. Anderson, Sumpter and all the rest swear by Catalinas for such night work. They say the Jap night fighters never are able to locate them. Catalinas carry no bombsights because they knack at such low level the sights would be useless. "We drop bombs by what's called 'seaman's eye,' which just means wo come down at them and let go when we are so close we can't miss. We use bombs with delayed fuses so we can get out of range of the explosions." From the Files of TKe Californian TKN YEARS AGO (The Californian, this date. 1934) Headlines: Storm Brings .20 Inch of Rain to City. A burglar who is no/respecter of official rank last night chose the residence of Supervisor Charles W. Wimrner lor a raiding expedition, escaping with valuables worth more than $200. The new unit of Jefferson School will be officially accepted at dedication exercises Friday ntgtht. The engagement of Miss Neville Pyles to Harry Tibbett was announced last evening. Guy .laggard addressed members of the International section of A. A. U. W. last night at the home of Miss Hazel Jordan. Harold Landson, 11, will apeak Friday night for Congregation B'nai Jacob. N ews ike N ews -(By PAUL, MALLOW- TWENTY YEARS AGO (The Culifornian. this date. I0i4) Miss Mabel Nash is opening a new store at luL'B Nineteenth street Monday night. A large number of parishoners attended a reception Friday night at First Methodist Church in welcome to the Reverend and Mrs. J. M. Barnhart. Women's Athletic Association was formed by local junior college girls yesterday afternoon with Miss Jessie Winn acting as chairman. Payroll checks valued at $96 were stolen from a Mexican employe of Southern Pacific Company at Caliente yesterday. Six-year-old Harry Hicks injured his left hand when playing with a powder cap yesterday. Leigh H. Irvine left last night for San Francisco to attend a meeting of California Exhibitor's Association of which he is vice-president. VV a sking £011 Oolinw.ii (By PETEK EUSON)To get proper perspective and understandable parallel ou the newly proposed Dumbarton Oaks charter for a United Nations organization to maintain peace and security, you have to go back into your history books to the days when the United States Constiution was first drafted and finally adopted after much bickering, compromising and internal argument among the several states. The Constitution wasn't a perfect document, and neither is this first draft of the proposed United Nations charter. But the charter draft is a start, and it deserves a chance. "The federal convention which was assembled for the purpose of making a nation out of the 13 associated states," suys W. E. Woodward in ills new American history, "was the culmination of a spontaneous movement which had been gathering strength for years. So the delegates . . , proceeded to devise a new system of government." Similarly, the movement for a United Nations organization has been gaining strength for years, and so too the delegates have proceeded to devise a new system of international security. "As all the meetings of the convention were held behind closed doors," Woodward continues, "with the delegates pledged to secrecy, very few people outside the convention hall knew what was really going on. In the end, when the doors were opened and the beaming delegates announced a new constitution, there was considerable surprise throughout the laud, to say the least. "Most extraordinary measures were taken to prevent publicity. The aged Benjamin Franklin was somewhat garrulous at dinner parties. In fear that he would blab out an account of the doings of the convention, the delegates had a closemouthed member accompany Franklin to the evening gatherings, so that the old man's elbow might be gently nudged when he became too talkative." All this has a certain familiarity with the background of Dumbarton Oaks—the secrecy, military police at the gate and some member as yet unidenitfied who was garrulous— and without an elbow-nudger to prevent leaks of American, British, Russian and Chinese plans. But now that the beaming delegates to the four-power conference have announced their finished work after seven weeks, there is no doubt surprise throughout the land. "In mid-Sepetmber, 1787," says Woodward, "the federal convention adjourned after having been in session four months. The Constitution was completed. Thirty-nine gentlemen in knee breeches, silk stockings and ruffled shirts signed the document one by one and stood around in leave - taking conversational groups, bowing ceremoniously and sniffing pinches of snuff from tiny boxes of gold and enamel. The next duty was to 'sell' the Constitution to the American peoijle. It was not an easy job." THIRTY YEARS AGO (The California!!, this date. 1914) King Ferdinand and Queen Marie are now rulers of Rumania. It is unofficially announced that a Japanese cruiser was Blink by a mine in Klao Chow Bay, October 7. Miss Maude Metoalf entertained Boys' Club of St. Paul's Episcopal Church Saturday evening. Miss Laura McManus of Rhode Island is a visitor in the home of Mr. and Mrs. T. B. McManus. D. S. Weir and family arrived in Bakersfield yesterday from Fresno and are guests of Mrs. Kitty Wells. Edwin Alexander, now in Chicago, has written The Californian a letter describing eastern sports. George Haberfelde is now sole owner of the Ford Agency, having bought the interest owned by E. Allen. FORTY YEARS AGO (The Califoniiun, this date. 1904) Miss Hazel Fox and A. P. G. Kanler were married by the Rev. W. M. Collins. Miss Rose Barling acted as bride's maid and A. W. Mason as best man. "Helen Keller day" will be observed at the World's Fair grounds in St. Louis today. Prominent educators in deaf, dumb and blind schools in all parts of the United States will participate. A large number of young men met last night to organize the Twentieth Century Club. The object is social. Directors include Emmett Hayes, Herman Efker, Howard Cravath, Eli May, Tracy Baker, Claude Lander and Frank Guernsey. FIFTY YEARS AGO (The Cttlifornian. this date. 1894) There will be 4500 names on the new great register when it closes. The report that diphtheria has broken out is a false rumor, A bunch of bananas grown at Greenfield ranch is on exhibition at Land Company building. WASHINGTON, Oct. 18.—Daring without judgment Is required to predict the outcome of this election. Even the polls seem to be giving it up. The eminent Doctor Gallup, who has never te,en at a loss for an aswer, has this one. His October 15 forecast, with the day of reckoning three weeks off, warned that he always expected 4 per cent of error and then allocated 19 states with almost half the electoral votes (252) into the "probable error" classification. In short, nearly half his states are doubtful. Beyond this abnormal civilian doubt there are two other factors which make the i lection practically impossible to forecast. There are 8,000,000 men and women of voting eligibility away from home in the services and at least 4,000,000 of these are expected to vote. It would be against the law for anyone to poll these votes. From what I hear inside, they are being split evenly between Roosevelt and Dewey, and not being cast in bulk for either side. In both army and navy (particularly navy) where career men rely on political appointments for advancement, the votes are going to Mr. Roosevelt. A regular might ruin his chance for promotion if it became known among his superiors that he voted against their wishes. Reserves from civilian life and a good number of the enlisted and drafted men, however, are voting for Dewey as fast as they can—and openly. But this service vote is not only an unpollable influence for advance guessing, it may not permit the out come of the election to be known for some weeks after election day. Eleven states have deferred the count of these ballots. Most important is doubtful, vital Pennsylvania where the military count will not be begun until November 22, two weeks after civilian voting. As more than 650,000 mil! tary ballots are to be counted in Pennsylvania, it is conceivable that the state could remain doubtful until .hey are totaled. Roosevelt carried it ay only" 281,000 four years ago.) California Is to start counting the military vote November 24; Colorado, November 22; Delaware and Missouri, November 9; Florida, November 7-17; Nebraska, November 8-13 (but not make public the result xmtil December 6.); Rhode Island, December 5; Washington, November 13-17; Utah, November J2; North Dakota, November 25-December 3. Under this arrangement, fixed by state laws, it is possible no one will know who Is elected president November 7 until nearly a month later, December 5. • The theory of these states, in delaying the soldier count, was that men at remote fronts should have plenty of time to get their vote| in. Actually these and other states got their ballots out so early, the delay seems to have been unnecessary, Pennsylvania, for Instance, sent her ballots out August 15, allowing* 100 days before return. The second factor which makes the election extremely difficult to guage is the continuous fluctuation of war populations. California and other west coast centers have been losing many thousands a week for the last few months. These people are seeking permanent peacetime jobs, and may be going back home (largely midwestern and south.) Will they register? Will they vote? Will those remaining in war centers overthrow the normal partisanship of those state (southerners, for Instance, in Michigan?) How can anyone weight these influences accurately? If you average out all these enlpr- mas and calculate reasonable expec- tlons. you will give a slight edge to Mr. Roosevelt, but a better-chance- thnn-Willkie-had to Dewey. Mr. election advice is this: Wait this year until the votes are counted. (World copyrlirht. 1944, by Kins Features Hyn- rtlcat.-. Inc. All rlBhta reserved. Reproduction In full or in girt strictly prohibited.) Hollywood Column -(By ERSKINE JOHNSON)- NBA Service Staff Correspondent It is about time to launch another sensational campaign in Hollywood. Our last crusade—against movie pests who crunch on peanut brittle during Hedy Lamarr's love scenes— didn't do so well. So today Johnson launches campaign No. 52X, series B. We want the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to award an Oscar with cauliflower ears and a hunk of adhesive tape on his nose for Hollywood's most outstanding amateur fighter of the year. The movie heroes, most.of them left 4-F by their draft boards, deserve some kind of recognition, we think. There's nothing new about Holly- woodites taking pokes at each other, of course, but 1944 certainly will go Well, in mid-October, 1944, the stockings are not silk, but rayon, the trousers are full length but have no cuffs, the shirts have taken a beating in wartime laundries, and a shot of war-quality whisky or vodka, replaces the snuff. But "selling" ther United Nations charter to the people and government of the world is still not an easy job. It took nine months for nine states to ratify the Constitution and it was two years moi*e before Rhode Island, under threat of economic sanctions, was brought into line. While the issue was before the country, Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay wrote a series of 94 newspaper articles under the pen-name of "Publius" explaining the Constitution. Reprinted later as "The Federalist" these papers rank as one of the clearest and most forceful expositions of constitutional government ever written. Maybe what's needed now is another Federalist, another Publius, to explain what the United Nations charter is all about and sell it to the American Congress and the American people. nine si ions and Answers -(By THE HASKIN SERVICE)Q. Is there a battleship named U. S. S. Maine in honor of the one sunk in Havana Harbor?—M. D. K. A. The U. S. S. Maine (Battleship No. 10) was named for the state of Maine and the old battleship Maine. Authorized in 1898, she. was sold January 26, 1922, and was rendered incapable of further warlike service December 17, 1923. The U. S. S. Maine (Battleship No. b'9) was ordered September 9, 1940. She is one of the Montana class of super- battleships. Q. What was the proportion of British troops to American in the invasion of France on D-Day?— S. M. L. A. In relation to the United States troops the British bore a proportion of two to three in personnel, and four to five and one-half in combat divisions. « Q. Has cotton been used In the construction of roads?—E. N. D. A. Cotton roads have been built in various sections of the country to try out specially woven cotton mesh as a reinforcement,for asphalt highways. Q. How old were the Siamese twins, Chang and Eng, when they died?—O. N. C. A. The twins died In 1874 at the age of J3. Eng was the name of the twin on the right as they faced the spectator, Chang was on the left. Q. How did the Nissen hut get its name?—W. R. L. A. The hut is so named because It was made originally by the Nissen Company of Great Britain. Q. What amount of money did Andrew Carnegie leave iji his will to William Howard Taft?—L. L. A. A. The will of Andrew Carnegie provided an annuity of 410,000 to Mr. Taft as a token of personal friendship. The bequest had no relation to Mr. Taft's official position. In 1919, when Carnegie died, Taft was teaching law at Yale University. Q.What is the accident death rate In the various forms of modern travel?—K. D. J. A. The death rate per 100,000,000 passenger miles is as follows: Railroad passenger trains, 2.»i; regularly scheduled airplane. 1.8; bus, 1.7; motor vehicle, passenger car and taxi, 4.4. Q. In what direction do the stars move in the southern hemisphere?— L. B. Y. A. In the southern hemisphere the stars appear to move around the celestial polo In the same direction as the hands of a clock. In the northern hemisphere the motion is counterclockwise. Q. When did the United States recognize Soviet Russia?—L. V. L. A. The United States accorded recognition to Soviet Russia In November, 1933. . Q. Where is Phantom Canon highway?—O. 'C. B. A. This highway Is between Canon City and Cripple Creek In Colorado. Chris Wirth is from Kernville. a visitor today Three hundred tons of asphalt are being shipped east this week by Standard Asphalt Company from mines in this area. W. E, Deacon has returned from Indiana where he has been rustling up futui'e citizens for Kern county. The jail is overrun with hoboes. There are swarms of them. down in the history books the year it became fashionable with such big social events as the Battle of Turhan Bey and the Jon Hall Massacre. It was the year the movie profiles took each other with a grain of assault, and Hollywood's theme song became "Swinging on a Star." Nobody thought it was funny but most of the amateur sluggers were left in stitches. Formal party invitations started carrying the P. S., "Please bring your own boxing gloves," and the sunset strip night clubs discarded floor shows and put up neon signs reading, "Amateur Fights Tonight." Of course, there must be rules for our cauliflower-eared Oscar. We may even have to call in the California state boxing commission to Insure fair play Tommy Dorsey, for example, may be disqualified. A flower pot and a knife, according to witnesses, were featured props in the Hall- Dorsey-Pat Dane balcony free-for- all and carving bee. The academy, being a very dignified organization, must insist on fists only. Or eight- ounce gloves. If the contestants can control themselves long ertough to don the leather mittens, a referee (Will Hays) and seconds must be naYned. The battlers' agents will second and will collect every tenth blow. They get 10 per cent of everything else. To qualify for our new Oscar, all battlers must first weigh in with the state boxing commission. We don't want any bullies tackling little punks or vice versa. Weights of toupees and makeup will be deducted. Just in case the glamor girls enter the frays, as Jon Hall claims Pat Dane did, there will be a special set of rules for them. We haven't worked these out yet, but clawing, scratching, kicking and hair pulling will be barred. Also unlady-like words and powder puff smoke screens. If the boys still haven't had enough by the time friends or headwaiters separate them, the academy will arrange a rematch. These will be held at the Hollywood ball park. The public will be charged $4.40 a seat and the entire gate will go to the motion picture relief fund. If the boys insist on fighting, let'« give 'em something to fight for. All decisions of the academy's board of directors will be final. And if anyone else calls us up and says "I know all about the Dorsey battle—I was there," we're going to slug somebody. Everybody In Hollywood except' my friend, Fllcka, it seems like, was on that balcony. Copyright. 1944, NEA Service, Inc. A THOtGHT FOR TODAY That the slayer that killeth any person unawares and unwittingly may flee thither: and they shall be your refuge from the avenger of blood. — Joshua 20:3. • » • Forbear to judge, for we are sinners all.—Shakespeare. 1 lie Readers 7 Point of View « A muler ran «t( the n aswer to any duration of fa t If writing The llakenfidd CallforntaD Information Uureau, 316 Kj'« Hired, N. t,'.. Washington. 2 D. C. 1'leau «nclo»e three (31 aenU for reply. STATE RACING Editor The Californian: I notice that the California Racing Board has authorized Santa Anita and Bay Meadows to operate races for stated periods and I am indeed pleased to hear it. The war must be over and the military leaders just don't want to announce it too far ahead of Christmas or next Easter, for sentimental reasons, or else they must consider it information that may give aid and comfort to the enemy. If we have time for racing, then it is unnecessary that we bother with blood donor periods and Red Cross work, and if racing plants can find so much labor, I don't think it's true that workers are needed in war plants. All this talk about travel priorities and train seat difficulties must be hogwash if horses can be shipped up and down the coast with such facility. The war fronts must have plenty of gasoline if so much is available for people to drive out to tracks to see the bangtails throw dirt in each other's faces. If these conditions prevail, and the racing board apparently thinks so, then my little children are not going to scour the neighborhoods and wear themselves out gathering scrap paper and selling and buying war stamps and bonds. Millions of dollars must be available to wager on the races and the government must not need this money, if it is used to bet on horses and enrich bookies and race form publishers and other Individuals of high economic priority. I doubt If the current war chest needs are to be regarded highly, if there is BO little call for money and time and materials to assist the needy in the world. I am pleased to hear that the races have come back; human misery and want and death and disease must be indeed on the wane, if the races can occupy HO much that otherwise could be used to alleviate some of it. FARMER. ON NO. 12 Editor The Californian For years I have been associated with the movement which has been climaxed by the placing on the ballot of the "Right to Work" amendment to the State Constitution, titled as Proposition 12. While the petitions to secure the 180,000 signatures necessary to qualify this measure for the ballot were being circulated—hundreds of voters in Kern county indicated their interest in signing. We felt then, and we just as strongly feel now, that this proposed amendment to the Constitution will go far toward correcting a situation, which is unfair -to the employe. We strongly feel that "every person has the right to work," and this language is incorporated in the opening sentence of the amendment. This should not be considered as an anti-labor measure, but rather as a measure which will return control of the unions to their membership so workers can unite in repudiating those leaders who insist that every worker must join a union before he can hold a job. This measure does not restrict collective bargaining, but reaffirms that right, while permitting individual independence for each worker. The families of the thousands of Kern county boys and girls, now serving In the armed forces, are particularly interested in the passage of this measure. When these young people return to their homes, they certainly have the right to join a labor union, if they choose, but they should not be compelled to join anything as the price of holding a job. I am personally convinced that the public generally does not want more of the Camp Roberta and Inyo-Kern racketeering—that the people of Kern county do not wish to pay tribute in any form to the labor bosses who live in San Francisco, Seattle, Kansas City, or New York. Finally, when the war ends, hundreds of thousands of good Call- fornians will be compelled to change jobs. We owe it to them and to ourselves to make that process as simple as possible. They must have every protection to enable them to seek peacetime employment—they must not be denied the right to work, because "the union will hot take any more members", The use of the columns of your good paper for this letter will be greatly appreciated by all those who say "Vote Yes on 12". Sincerely yours, A KERN COUNTY VOTER. PEARL HARBOR Editor The Californian: I do not claim to have a very good memory, but there are some thing* which have been written indelibly upon my mind, and one of them la "Pearl Harbor." I shall never forget the unnecessary slaughter of our soldiers and civilians at that time; although some people seem to have forgotten, and are willing to vote for the same commander-ln-chief. We have never been given any good explanation of why this terrible thing was allowed to happen. Klmmel and Short were made the "scapegoats" for a time but now it seems they are not going to be allowed to tell what they know. If anyone is In doubt that Washington was warned that Hawaii would be attacked he should read Jeanette Rankin's article in the Congressional Record and then the magazine articles she refers you to. A copy of that Congressional Record Is in the main public library. H. C. D. FROM CALIFORNIAN Editor The Californian: I have two points to make In this letter and the first about dogs. 1 can agree wholeheartedly with a "Dog Lover" in this evening's paper. Having lost a beloved pet under the wheels of a careless driver I can speak with feeling. Our dog was on private property when she wa« struck and left to die. It was harder to take because the driver knew she was our pet and yet drove on and left her for us to find next day wh%n we began to worry about her absence. Although we have another pup for our boys we still miss Trixie. My second point Is about people from Oklahoma. I am not a native of California but have enjoyed living here 10 years—good and bad times—so It burns me up when outsiders gripe about the state, its people, climate and prices and yet are glad to pocket the good-sized pay checks. My opinion Is that if a person doesn't like California and California people he should go back to his own state and take what It offers him. I'd like the defender of "Okies" to have a few of the expert- ences that I and friends of mine have had with them. Maybe the good Oklahomans stay home. A CALIFORNIAN BY CHOICE.
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