The Morning Herald from Hagerstown, Maryland on January 1, 1938 · Page 8
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The Morning Herald from Hagerstown, Maryland · Page 8

Hagerstown, Maryland
Issue Date:
Saturday, January 1, 1938
Page 8
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1'HE MORNING HERALD, HAGERSTOWN, MARYLAND. SATURDAY, JANUARY 1, 1938. HRONOLOGY OF THE YEAR 1937 DOMESTIC. Jan. 2—Andrew Mellon offered his prison-made goods. * Oregon's criminal syndicalis great art collection to the nation. Jan. 4—Rep. Sam Rayburn of Texas made speaker -of the house. Supreme^ couil^ upheld law . restricting . im law held by Supreme court. Jan. 5—Seventy-fifth congress convened and organized. Jan. 6—President Roosevelt read his message to coni^ss. Congress passed neutrality resolution barring war shipments to Spain. Jan. 7—President Glenn Frank of University of Wisconsin ousted by board of regents. Jan. 8—"President Roosevelt's budget message asked for between $6,000,000,000 and $8,000,000,000. Jan. 11—President Roosevelt asked for $790,000,000 for WPA until July 1. Charles Edison appointed assistant secretary of the navy. Ten-year-old Charles Mattson, kidnaped from Tacoma, found slain. Strikers at Flint, Mich., in bloody riot with police. Supreme court upheld 50 per cent tax on silver profits. ; Jan. 12—Congress received from President plan for reorganizing administrative branch of government. Jan. 14-rTruci.- for negotiations arranged ' in General Motors strike. \ Jan. 15—Senate voted 2 l ,(r years extension of RFC and subsidiaries. Jan. 17~Motor strike truce ended, strikers at Flint refusing to evacuate plants. Jan. 19—Congress extended for \2\k years President's control of stabilization fund and dollar valuation. Jan. 20—Franklin D. Roosevelt inaugurated for second term as President. Jan. 21—Sanford Bates resigned as federal bureau of prisons director. Jan. 22—House extended RFC and loaning subsidiaries to June 30, 1939. Postmaster General Farley re-appointed. Jan. 26—House passed $790,000,000 flood relief bill. Jan. 27—Senate passed house bill appropriating $50,000,000 for seed and crop loans. Forty thousand General Motors men returned to 'work in reopened plants. Jan. 28—House voted to put first, econd and third postmasters under civil service. Feb. 1—Michigan National Guard mobilized to stop new strike riots In Flint. "Feb. 2—Sit-down strikers ordered ousted from General Motors plants by court injunction. Feb. 3—President Roosevelt submitted to congress a 5 billion 6-year public works "program. House passed bill appropriating $1,000,•000 for federal offices and agencies. Senate passed $948,000,000 deficiency bill. Feb. 4—West Coast maritime strike ended. Feb. 5—President Roosevelt submitted to congress a bill for reorganization of the federal judiciary, including increasing Su, preme court to 15. Feb. 10—House passed bill providing for voluntary retirement of Supreme court justices at seventy on full pay. President asked congress for legislation to protect plains ' states from future droughts. Feb. 11—Bill creating Disasters Loan • corporation passed by congress. General Motors strike settled by compromise agreement. Feb. 13—Prof. Charles Seymour elected president of Yale. Feb. 15—United Mine Workers suspended from membership President Green of A. F. of L. Feb. 16—Ex-Gov. Paul V. McNutt of Indiana made high commissioner to the Philippines. Feb. 19—J. G. Wynant resigned as chairman of social security board; A. J. Altmeyer riamed chairman and M. \V. Latimer appointed a member. Feb. 25—Reciprocal trade treaties act extended three years by congress. Feb. 23—Senate passed house bill for voluntary retirement of Supreme court _. ____ Roosevelt asked states to enact soil conservation laws. Feb. 28—Eugene VIdal resigned as director of federal air commerce bureau. March 1—Supreme court again upheld the gold clavse abrogation act. March 2—Big steel companies began raising wages and reducing hours, and recognized C. I. 0. committee as bargaining agent. March 3—Neutrality extension resolution adopted by senate. March 8—Chrysler and Hudson motor plants closed by strikes. March 9—Permanent maritime commission named with J. P. Kennedy as chairman. justices at seventy. Feb. 27—President Jcnea & Laughlin Steel strike won b the C. I. u. , Mav 17— Supreme court upheld act r striding refund of AAA processing taxe House passed ?115,000,000 Department ' Interior bill. May 18— Justice Willis Van Dcvanter at nounced his retirement from Supreme cour effective June 1. Senate judiciary comrnitlee reported un favorably the President's Supreme cour enlargement bill. May 20— Senate voted to make CO permanent. Jones & Laughlin Steel employees vote 5 to 2 for C. 1. O. May 24 — Supreme court upheld old ag pensions and unemployment insuranc provisions of social security act, and Ala bama employment insurance law. President asked congress for legislatfo setting up wage and hour standards fo Industry, and identical bills were Intro duced in house and senate. May 26— C. I. O. started strikes agains three independent steel companies. May 30— Seven killed, many hurt in bat tie between police and steel strikers I South Chicago, -111. June 1— House passed billion and a hal relief bill. President Roosevelt asked congress to ge after big tax dodgers. June 3 — President asked congress to ere ate seven regional authorities like TVA. June 5— John D. Rockefeller left bulk 3f estate, $25,000,000, to granddaughter. Ford employees formed their own union if 7.000 men. June 9— Strikers and police staged battli vith guns and gas at Youngstown, Ohio. June 10— Resolution calling for investl gallon' of tax evasion problem sent to While House. June 11— Strike called at Bethlehem Stee corporation's Cambria mill. June 12 — Lewis called strike in 17 coa mines owned by two steel companies. June 14 — Senate committee condemnet court enlargement bill. June 20 — Pennsylvania governor closet Johnstown stee) plant; martial law clared. June 21— Senate refused to cut relie appropriation. House passed pension bill for railroad employees. June 22— Senate passed 2 billion 63 mil lion dollar relief bill. June 23— Ellis Parker, Sr., and son con victed at Newark, N. J., of kidnaping plo , under Lindbergh Fifty-five indict , . law. ted in 13 million dollar gem smuggling plot in New York, June 24— Senate voted to extend nuis ance taxes and 3 cent postage for two lost by union. June 26—J. Butler Wright named ambas sador to Cuba. Mary Pickford and "Buddy Rogers mar ried at Los Angeles. National labor relations board charged Ford with violation of Wagner act. June 29—Senate ratified treaties drawn at Buenos Aires conference. June 30—Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr., and Ethel du Pont married. July 6—Ohio grand jury Indicted 200 July 6- „ .... for rioting as steel plants reopened. President announced he hoped to balance the budget in present fiscal year. July 7-~National labor relations board began hearings on charges Ford company violated Wagner act. July 8—Immunity was granted Prestden Roosevelt In tax dodging hearings. July 12—President urged immediate pas sage of new crop control legislation. Dave H. Morris resigned as ambassa dor to Belgium; Hugh Gibson, ambassa dor to B Belgium; Irazil, Irs .nsferred to Belgium. March 11—House passed new Guffey coal control bill. March 12—Dr. F. E.'Townsend sentenced — to month in jail and $100 fine for contempt .-.tor to Rumania, of the house. March 13—General Motors and United Automobile Workers reached agreement March 14—Remington-Rand ordered by , labor relations board workers. to re-employ 4,000 C.""*A7'Dykstra, city manager of Cincinnati, accepted presidency of University of Wisconsin. March 15—Chrysler sit-down strikers ordered by court to evacuate plants. March 16—Railroads and unions agreed on pension plan. •March 21—Nationalist riot in Ponce, , Puerto Rico, fatal to ten. March 22—Senate passed $512,847,808 naval ' appropriation bill. March 24—John L. Lewis -ordered Chrysler strikers to evacuate the plants. March 29—Supreme court upheld the Washington minimum wage for women act, the railway labor act and the new Frazier- Lemke farm mortgage moratorium act. April 1—Soft coal miners of Appalachian fields quit work pending new wage agree• ment. April 2—New wage scale for coal miners signed; strike ended, April 3—S. S. Krcsge gave about $12."10,000 to Kresge foundation, * April 5—Senate passed Guffey coal control bill. April 6—Chrysler strike settled. April 7—Senate passed concurrent resolution condemning sitdown strikes and the industrial spy system. April 12—Supreme court upheld Wagner labor relations act in five decisions. April 14—House passed bill repealing "long and short haul" clause of interstate commerce act. April 15—Antl-lynching bill passed by tbe house. April 19—Mrs. Florence Harriman appointed minister to Norway and A. J. Drexel Biddle ambassador .to Poland. April 20—President Roosevelt sent mes sage to congress revising his budget estimates or 1938 fiscal year and asking billion and a half for relief. April 23—House passed 27 million dollar agriculture department bill. April 26—President Roosevelt averted strike of freight handlers In New York area by appointing mediation board. Apr/1 27—President Roosevelt left for fishing trip in Gulf of Mexico. House voted repeal of law for publication of incomes of $15,000 and over. The senate confirmed Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr., of Philadelphia as ambassador to Poland; Florence JafTray Harriman of the, District of Columbia as minister to Norway, and Robert GranvHle Caldwell of Texas as minister to Bolivia. April 28—-House passed $79,200,000 second deficiency bill. ' April 29—House passed war department bill carrying $416,400,000. May 1—Strikes started In Hollywood movie studios by technical workers. Fifteen San Francisco hotels tied up by strikes. President Roosevelt signed the neutrality act. , May 7—George L, Berry appointed senator from Tennessee. May 12—House extended CCC for two years. C. I. O. called strike In plants of Jones & Laughlin Steel corporation. '• May 13—Steel strike spread lo other plants, * Scnalc passed agriculture department bill carrying almost 900 millions. May 14—President Roosevelt returned to Washington from fishing trip. July 13—House paid tribute to and pen sioned Harry Parker, venerable doorman for the ways and means committee. Clarence J. Morley, former governor o Colorado, sentenced to five years In prison for mail fraud. House overrode President's veto of farm loan bill. July is—Nine men. Including two C. I. 0 chleUalns, indicted for halting Unlter States mails In Oh)" strike zone. July 17—Control! general refused t pay expenses of foreign junkets. July 19—House voted 24 millions for Oni< basin flood control. July 21—Administration abandoned Su preme court bill. Senator Hartley of Kentucky electei majority leader of senate. July 22—Senate voted 70 to 20 to re commit the court bill. Senate overrode President's veto of low farm interest extension. J. L. Houghteling, Chicago, appointed commissioner of immigration. July 27—House voted six more White House secretaries. Congress authorized building ol six aux illary naval vessels to cost $50,000.000. San Francisco hotel workers' strike set tied. July 28—Senale confirmed the nominations of George A. Gordon of New York to be minister to the Netherlands; Leo J. Keena of Michigan as minister to Honduras and Franklin Mott Gunther of Florida as min- July 29—F. P. Corrigan appointed minister to Panama and -Robert Frazcr minister to San Salvador. July 30—Senate passed the wage and hour labor bill. Aug. Z— Rep. C. D. Sullivan elected head of Tammany Hall. \ Aug. 6—Senate passed Wagner housing bill in limited form. Aug. 7—Congress appropriated $5,000.000 toward Will Rogers memorial. Aug. 11—Senate passed federal court procedural reform bill. Aug. 12—President Roosevelt nominated Senator Hugo L. Black of Alabama for associate Justice of Supreme court. Aug. 13—Senate passed sugar control bill Aug. 16—House passed bill to stop tax leaks. , Aug.' 17—Senate confirmed appointment of Hugo I*. Black to Supreme court. House passed third deficiency bill carry Inj* 100 millions. Aug. 18—House passed half billion dollar housing bill. Aug. 19—Gov. Bibb Graves of Alabama appointed his wife, Dixie Bibb Graves, United States senator to succeed Hugo L. Black. Senate passed Panama canal tolls revision bill. , . ,„ Aug. 20—Senate passed deficiency bill. New York C. I. 0. shipyard strike collapsed, workers returning to jobs. • ;. 21—Congress adjourned, after nous- Mll and deficiency appropriation bill were enacted. President vetoed Will Rogers memorial Aug. 23—Col. H. B. Hackett resigned as assistant director of P. W. A. Aug. 26—Strike of railway brotherhoods averted by federal mediation. Aug. 28—Andrew Mellon's will left his millions to a charitable trust. Aug. 31—A. F. of L. council voted to rejoin world labor federation. Sept 4—President Roosevelt in Labor day address asked labor to drop strike tactics. Sept. 7—Edward McGrady resigned as assistant to secretary of labor. Sept. 9—Dr. 0. H. Mennet, Los Angeles, elected commander of G. A. R. Sept. 12—-Justice Hugo L. Black of Supreme court publicity accused of being member of the Ku Klux Klan. Treasury announced release of 300 million "sterilized" gold. Sept. 13—Engagement announced of John Roosevelt.,son of President, to Anne Clark of Boston.' S 0 pt. 14—James E. Landls resigned as chairman of securities and exchange corn- Au ing mission. Sept 16— La Guardia enomlnated for ayor of New York by Republicans, and J. T. Mahoney by Democrats. John " T. Blggers of Toledo named to manage census of unemployed. Sept. £0— American Legion convention opened in New York. W. O. Douglas became head of SEC. Sept 22— President Roosevelt started trip to Seattle. Sept. 23— Daniel Dohcrty of Boston elected .afional commander of American Legion. Sept. 29— American Br.r association voted unanimously to continue fight for- independence of the Judiciary. Oct. 1— Hugo L. Black in radio address ndmltled he was a member of Ku Klux Klan but said he had abandoned It. Oct. 3— Rnliwny brotherhoods accepted offer of 44 cents a day wage raise; strike averted. Oct. 4— Hugo L. Black took his scat ai associate Justice of the Supreme court. American Federation of Labor .convex tlcm opened in Denver. Oct. 5—President Roosevelt in Chicago speech Intimated America might be drawn Into war. Oct. 11—Supreme court rejected motions to unseat Justice Black. Oct. 12—President- Roosevelt called extraordinary session of congress for Noveni- Brady gang of outlaws wiped out by G-men "in" Bangor, Me. Oct. 16—President named delegation headed by Norman H. Davis to attend far eastern conference in Brussels. Oct. IB—John E. Miller elected senator from Arkansas to fill out term of the late Joseph T. Robinson. Nathan Straus appointed federal housing administrator. Great decline in stock markets began. Oct. 22—Interstate Commerce Commis slon approved increase of railway freight a OcV 26—E R. Stcttinius, Jr., succeeded M. C. Taylor as head of United States Oct. 27—Federal reserve board cut stock . margin rate to help Nov 2— La Guardi New York. market. ia re-elected mayor of . Nov. 15— Congress met in extraordinary session; President asked tax revision to aid small business. Nov. 18—Governors of the six New Bag- land states demanded repeal of taxes that hamper business. J. H. Rand, Jr., and P. L. BergholT acquitted in first case tried under law, against transporting strike breakers across S Nov' 21—Secretary of War V/oodring asked stronger army for defense. Nov 27—President Roosevelt went on fish- g trip in Florida waters. Nov. 29—President asked congress to authorize a $16,000.000,000 housing program. Nov 30—President asked congress to cut 5214,000,000 from federal highway grants to 5 rjec 5 Colonel and Mrs. Lindbergh returned to United States. „ Itl . . , Steamship Leviathan sold to British :*unk Dec. 7—Federal board of tax appeals exonerated Andrew Mellon of income tax Dec 10—President ordered Immediate revision of taxes on business. House passed crop control bill. • ... J. W. Hanes and Jerome Frank appointed Dec. 13—Supreme court upheld redemption of United States bonds before maturity. Dec. 22—Extraordinary session of congress adjourned. INTERNATIONAL Jan. 1—German warships seized two Spanish steamers in reprisal. Jan. 2—Great Britain and Italy signed Mediterranean pact. Jan. 6—Spanish government protested Jo League of Nations against German and Italian aid given to Fascist rebels. Jan. 8—France threatened war to halt German armed invasion of Spanish Mor- Jaii. 11—Hitler promised not to invade Spanish Morocco. Jan. 17—Soviet Russia refused to declare /n on volunteers going to Spain. j an . 24—Yugoslavia and Bulgaria signed treaty of friendship and peace. Jan. 30—Hitler on fourth anniversary of his assumption of power denounced the war guilt clause of Versailles treaty. Feb. 16—International nonintervention committee agreed on plan to keep volun- eers out of Spanish war and to blockade P March 5—Departinent of .State of United Stales apologized to Germany for Insulting reference to Hitler by Mayor La Guardia of New York. March 8—International conference distribution ot sources of raw materials opened in Geneva. March 14—International sea patrol to Isolate Spanish war began. March 21—Pope Plus accused Germany of violating the concordat. March 25—Italy and Jugoslavia signed a peace and economic treaty. March 30—Hans Dleckhoff appointed Ger Compiled by EDWARD W. PICKARD Sept. 18—British underwriters cancelled all war risk Insurance. Spain demanded League of Nations curl German and Italian aggression in Spams* civil war. Italy demanded parity in Mediterranean "anti-piracy" patrot. Sept. 22—Japanese air fleets raided Nan king and Canton; protests of United States and Great Britain disregarded. Sept. 25~Mussolini began five day visi with Hitler. Japanese airplanes bombed six big Chi nese cities, Japan refused League of Nations Invlta tlon to discuss war in China. Sept. 28--League of Nations condemned Japan for bombing civilians in China. Sept. 29—Japan defended her air raids on Nanking. British government approved building o; warplane fleet for China. Oct. 1—Japan warned world not to Interfere with her actions in China. 'Oct. 5—League of Nations recommendec convocation of nine-power pact signatories to consider Sino-Japanese war. Oct. 6—United States government formally denounced Japan as violator of treaties. League of Nations invited nine-power treaty signers to take action to stop Japan in China. Oct. 9—Japan denied treaty breaking and alamed China, Oct. 16—United States accepted Invitation to conference of nine-power treaty signatories on Sino-Japanese war; Norman H. Davis named head of Ar/.pr!c?n delegation. Oct. 2G—Japanese routed Chinese defenders of Shanghai. Oct. 29—Japan declined to attend lower treaty conference. Oct. 30—Several British soldiers killed by Japanese in Shanghai. Nov. 2—Great Britain agreed to receive consuls of Franco's Spanish regime. Nov. 3—Far East peace parley opened in Brussels. Nov. 5—Duke of Windsor abandoned American tour because of criticisms by labor. Nov. 6—Italy Coined Germany and Japan in anti-communism agreement. Nov. 8—Shanghai captured by the Japanese. Nov. 12—Japan rejected peace proposals of Brussels conference. Nov. 15—Fifteen nations in Brussels con- !erence voted to condemn Japan for invading China. Nov. 16—Government of China evacuated Nanking. Nov. 18—Viscount Cecil of Chelwood awarded 1937 Nobel peace prize. Nov. 23—Japan established Chahar and Julyuan provinces of North China as new nmer state. American Ambassador Johnson and staff moved from Nanking to Hankow. Nov. 24—Brussels Far i>st conference collapsed. Nov. 26—Japanese seized all communication facilities in Shanghai area. Nov. 29—Italy recognized Manchukuo government. Dec. 7—Japanese armies began siege of -Tanking. Dec. 11-Ji Nanking. • Japan announced the capture of . Italy quit the League of Nations. Dec. 12— U. S. Gunboat Panay and three Standard Oil ships sunk by Japanese shells n Yangtse river; British gunboats shelled. President Roosevelt demanded apologies, ndemnlfications and guarantees against repetition of such outrages. Dec. 15— France and Germany concluded [ronticr treaty. man ambassador to the United States. April 15—International committee for nonintervention in Spanish war decided to begin enforcing patrol of Spanish coasts and borders. April 24—Great Britain and France re- .leased Belgium from Locarno obligations and guaranteed it against aggression May 2—British ships helped remove clv- Hans from besieged Bilbao, Spain. May 25—Jews in Italv were ordered to become Fascists or leave the country. May 27—Spain protested .to League ol Nations against Intervention of Italy and "ermaiiy in Spanish civil war. May 29-Spiinish loyalist planes .bombed German battleship Deutschland, killing 23 and wounding 83. ,„_,., May 31—German warships shelled Almeria, loyalist Spanish port, killing 20. Germany and Italy withdrew from ernational neutrality patrol. Jime jo—Mussolini mobilized big army to aid Spanish rebels. June 17—Tangier. in- International Zone, une — . , Morocco, became little Fascist state under pressure of Spanish rebels. June 21—Nonintervention committee :alled for outside help to maintain patrol if Spain. j c j u June 23—Britain and France defied by Germany on-Spain stand. . June 24—United States joined Great Brl- ain and France In warning Germany and taly to keep hands off Spain. June 27—King of Great Britain was heered by 150,000 German war veterans t rally in Germany. June 29—Russia agreed to withdraw roops from disputed islands as Japan ^juiv 8—Truce ended battle of Chinese nd Japanese west of Peiping j u lv 9—Great Britain was delegated iv 27 powers to devise s new plan for aval patrol of Spanish coast. July 13—Chinese fought off Japanese at- acks in furious fighting around Peip- "Silly 20—Japanese seized port of Tanghu, China, and began general offensive south f Peiping. July 29—London ent Into effect. naval treaty of 1936 CHI 1IILU VIlCVl. , , . July 30—Japan set up puppet regime in North China. , , _ , Aug. 8—Japanese army occupied Peip- Aug. 12—Chinese airmen, trying to bomb inanese warships at Shanghai, killed early 1,000 civilians in international set,.„„ 18-Americans and british were vacuated from Shanghai. Japan r'osed its embassy at Nanking. Aug. 19—Portugal severed relations with !zechoslovakia. AUK 20—Shell at Shanghai killed one American sailor and wounded IB on flag- A P ug. ll 22^~ciiinese and Japanese In great Aug "S^Ja^ar^l'anded heavy reinforce- nents" at Woosung, near Shanghai. Spain asked League of Nations to stop •alian attacks on shipping. Aug. 25—Japan blockaded Chinese coast Aug. 26—British ambassador to China ounded by Japanese aviators. Hungary announced it wouia mane token" payment on debt to United States. Aug. 29-Great Britain demanded full re- rcss from Japan for shooting of arnbas- Aug. 30—American liner President Hoover ombed by Chinese planes by mistake; nc of crew killed, ten wounded. Aug. 31—Little Entente voted to continue lllance with France. Sept. S—Great Britain and France invited owcrs to conference to stop "piracy by ibmarines in Mediterranean. Sept 7—Hitler declared Germany stood ith Italy and Japan In fight on commun- nitssla accused Italy .of Mediterranean Sep't 8—Japanese planes bombed Chinese efugee train near-Shanghai, killing 300. Sept. 11—England and France agreed to olice Mediterranean against pirate subma- Scp't, 12—China asked League of Nations . halt Japanese aggression. Sept. 13—League ol Nations seated Span- h loyalist delegates. Sept. 14—Spain agreed t« pfly $30,000,000 merlcnn war claims. FOREIGN Jan. 4—Marshal Chang sentenced to ten years Imprisonment for kidnaping Chinese dictator Chiang Kai-shek and then pardoned. Jan. 7—Crown Princess Juliana of the Netherlands married to Prince Bernhard zu Lippe-Biesterfeld. Jan. 15—George Bonnet made French ambassador to United States. j an , 17—Convicts at Guelph, Ontario, started riot, fired prison and several hundreds escaped. Jan. 23—Premier Hirota of Japan and his cabinet resigned after being attacked in parliament. Karl Radek and 16 others on trial at Moscow confessed plot to overlhrow the Stalin fan, '> 26—Germany abolished free city rights of Hamburg and Luebeck. Jan. 30—Thirteen Russian conspirators condemned to death; four, including Karl Rariek, given prison terms. Gen. Sunjuro Hayashi undertook task of forming Japanese ministrv. Feb. 2—Hayashi cabinet accepted by emperor of Japan. Feb. 7—Spanish Fascists captured Malaga. Feb. 9—Ail political prisoners In Mexico granted amnesty. Feb. 14—Chancellor Schuschnigg of Austria declared in favor of restoration of Hapsburg dynasty. Spanish rebel warship shelled Valencia, temporary loyalist capital. March 8—Spanish liner Mar Cantrabrico with American cargo of munitions for loyalists shelled and taken by rebel vessel. March 16—New state. Mongukuo, sponsored by Japan, set up in north China. April I—New constitution for India went Into effect; Burma became state within British empire; Aden became crown colony. April 11—Anti-Fascists won crucial election in Belgium. April 20—British coal miners voted to strike. Gen. Francisco Franco consolidated Spanish insurgent factions to form a one-party .uthorltarinn state. April 22—Poland barred a!'. Jews from polities. May 1—President De Valera proposed Stai new constitution for Irish Free State. London transportation tied up by strike of 26,000 busmen. May 12—King George VI and Queen Elizabeth of Great Britain crowned. May 14—British imperial conference opened In London. May 15— Cabatlero's loyalist Spanish cabinet resigned. May 17—New Spanish government formed ay Dr. Juan Negrin. May 24—Paris world's fair opened. May 28—Baldwin quit as British prime minister and was succeeded by Neville Chamberlain. May 31—Hayashi's Japanese cabinet resigned. June 2—Prince Fumiinaro Konoe made iremier of Japan. June 3—Duke of Windsor and Wallis Warfield married at Monts, France. June 16—President of White Russia committed suicide as hundreds were seized. June 19—Bilbao fell to Spanish rebels. June 20—Premier Blum and cabinet resigned as French senate refuses to make lim money dictator. June 21—Camille Chautemps named premier of France to succeed Blum. Premier of Georgian soviet republic removed by Moscow. June 23—President of Mexico announced ;hat government would take over national railway lines. June 28—France suspended payment of ;old and foreign exchange; bourse closed intil further notice. Russian firing squads executed 37 more vreckers in Soviet Far East. June 2!)—French chamber gave cabinet dictatorship over finances. July i—German police seized Rev. Mar- .In Nlemoeller, leader of the Protestants. July 2—De Valera's party failed to get i majority, but new constitution won in rish Free State elections. July ,1—Count Covndonga, former crown irince of Spain, and Marts Rocafort mar- •ted In Havana. Julv 12-Japan prepared nation to go on var fooling. July is—French Reds and rightists rioted n Paris on eve of Bastile day. July 17—Pope Pius angered Nazis by pay- IK tribute to Cardinal Mumlelein of Chicago. July 19—British parliament passed divorce reform act. July 21—Enmon de Vnlera re-elected president of Irish Free State. July 26—Republic of Liberia celebrated ts fltfth anniversary. July 28—Farouk 1 Invested as king of Egypt. Aug. 1—American war memorial at Mont /aiicon, France, dedicated. Aug. 11—Kurd uprising In Syria sup pressed by French troops. Russia reported execution of 72 rallroac wreckers. Aug. 25—Spanish rebels captured San t ander. Aug. 31—French railroads nationalized by decree. Sept. 8—Paraguay government suppressec Sept. 17—Dr. Hjalmar Schacht retired as German finance minister. Oct. 2—Spanish rebels took Covadonga, Oct. 19—New high taxes decreed In Italy Oct. 23—Provisional President Paez o Ecuador resigned and was succeeded b; Gen. Alberto Enriquez. Oct. 25—Van Zeeland resigned as premier of Belgium. Oct. 26—British parliament opened by King George VI. Oct. 28—Spanish loyalists moved capita from Valencia to Barcelona. Nov. 9—Spanish rebels announced block ade of entire loyalist coast. Nov. 10—President Vargas made himself dictator of Brazil. Nov. 16—Grand Duke George of Hesse and ten others killed in Belgian plane cash Nov. 18—Dictator Vargas abolished fed' eral courts of Brazil, Nov. 22—Duke of Windsor won libel sull against* author and publisher of book about his abdication. Due de Guise Issued manifesto starting campaign to regain throne of France. Dec. 3—Dictator Vargas of Brazil out la wed all political parties. Dec. 12—Soviet Russia held first "free" election under new constitution. Dec. 13—Pope Pius created five new cardinals. SPORTS Jan. 6— Fred J. Perry in debut as professional tennis player defeated Champion Ellsworth Vines. Jan. 29— Joe Louis defeated Bob Pastor In New York. Jan. 30— Schaefer won 28-2 billiards title, defeating Hoppe. Feb. 4— Contract signed for title fight between Braddock and Louis In Chicago June 22 Feb. 19— Freddie Steele, middleweight champion, whipped Babe Rlsko in title light. March G— Illinois and Minnesota tied for Big Ten basketball title. Ma _..'arch 13—University of Michigan won Big Ten Indoor track title. March 24—Chicago Golden Glove boxers beat New Yorkers, 9 to 7. Oxford defeated Cambridge in annual regatta. March 25—Horton Smith won North and South open golf tournament at Atlanta. March 27—Leo Frelsinger won national opeed skating title. April 1—Detroit Red Wings retained na tional hockey title. April 4—Byron Nelson won Masters' golf :ourney at Augusta. April 15—Max Baer whipped by Tommy Farr, British heavyweight champion. April 19—Baseball season opened. April 21—Ralph Greenleaf won the world pocket billiard championship. May 7—Ambers whipped Canzoneri, retaining lightweight tille. May 8—War Admiral won Kentucky Derby. May 16—Jimmy Hines won Metropolitan open golf title. Mav 18—Sid Richardson »f Northwestern won Big Ten golf title. May 22—Michigan won Big Ten track title. May 28—Golden Gloves boxing tournament in Chicago resulted in lie between Fighters from Europe and from* the Chi- Ca M°ay flr 29—Illinois won Big Ten baseball title. • Bob Sweeney, American born Londoner, won British national amateur golf title. May 30—Shute won P. G. A. championship. May 31—Wilbur Shaw won Indianapolis 500-mile automobile race. June 12—Ralph Guldahl won United States open golf title. j une 17—Barney Ross knocked out Chuck Woods in fourth round. June 22—Joe Louis won world championship; knocked out Braddock In the eighth round. June 30—American golfers beat British In Ryder cup matches. July 1—Alice Marble eliminated in tennis singles at Wimbledon. July 2—John D. Budge, American, won Wimbledon tennis title. July 7—American league all-stars defeated Nationals, 8 to 3. July 9—Henry Cotton, England, won Brlt- sh open golf championship. July 11—Elroy Robinson clipped two- enths of a second oft" the world's record ' >r the half-mile run. Jul.v 25—Gene Sara/en won first prize in Chicago $10.000 open golf tourney. July 27—American tennis team won Davis cup from England. July 31—Ranger defeated Endeavor II in Irst America's cup race. Aug. 2—Ranger won second race. Aug. 4—Ranger won third race. Aug. 5—Ranger won fourth race, retafn- n« the America's cup. Aug. 21—American tennis team defeated British for Wightman cup. Aug. 22—Gar Wood, Jr., won outboard regatta at Chicago. Aug. 25—Chicago C. Y. 0. boxers defeat>d South American amateur champions, .1 to 5. Aug. 28—Johnny Goodman won national imaleur golf title. Aug. 30—Joe Louis defeated Tommy Farr if Great Britain on points, retaining cham- }ionship. Von Cramm and Henkel of Germany won United States tennis doubles title. Sept. 5—Wehrle won western amateur jolf title. Sept. 11—Don Budge won national singles ennis tille. Harry Cooper won Canadion open golf :hampionship, Sept. 20—Ralph Guldahl won western open jolt title. Sept. 22—Old Westbury team won Amerl:an polo title from Greentree. Sept 23—Ross and Ambers retained wel- erweight and lightweight titles; Jeffra won Bantamweight title. New York Yankees won American league :hampionship. Sept. 29—Greyhound trotted mile in 1.56, lew world record. Sept. 30—New York Giants won National cague pennant. Oct. 9—Mrs. Estelle Page won women s national golf championship. Oct. 10—New York Yankees won world ;ries from Giants. Nov. 2—Harvard beat Yale at football. Minnesota won Big Ten football cham- ilonsliip. Nov. 15—Samuel E. Hoyt elected presl- ienl of A. A. U. Nov. 18—Capt. George Eyston of Eng- and set new world record for speed on land of 311.42 miles per hour In automobile at Bonneville salt flats, Utah. Dec. 7—National Baseball league adopted lower ball. Dec. 12—Washington Redskins won pro- essional football championship of world. NECROLOGY Jan. 1—E. V. R. Thayer, New York finan- ler. Col. D. W. MacCormack, commissioner f immigration. TT _ Jan. 6—Admiral Albert Cleaves, U. S. i retired . Jan. 7—Gen. Abel Davis of Chicago, Inancler and soldier. Jan. 8—Charles Hayden, New York bank- r and philanthropist. Jan. fl—Ciarence Eddy of Chicago, famous organist. j an . 10—Julius StelglHz, noted chemist, n Chicago, ' , Jnn. 13—Martin Johnson, noted explorer. Jan. 17—R. D. Gary, former United States enator and governor of Wyoming. Jan. 18—Clarence A. Barbour, president if Brown university. Jan. 20—Bishop M. J. Gallagher of De- roit. Jan. '21—H. G. Lloyd, Philadelphia and New York banker. Jan. 22—Eugene M. Stevens, Chicago tanker. Jan. 29—Sir Perclval Phillips, British war correspondent. Feb. 4—W. W. Durbln, register of United States treasury, Feb. 6—Elihu Root, statesman and lawyer. In New York. Feb. 7—Bishop A. F. Schinner in Mil waukee. Ex-Congressman C. R. Crisp of Georgia, Feb. 22—Congressman James P. Buchanan of Texas. Hollo Ogden, editor of New York Times. Feb. 23—Rear Admiral Henry T. Mayo, U. S. N. retired. Feb. 24—Sir Guy Standing, movie actor, in Hollywood. March 5—Richie Ling, veteran American actor, in New York. March 6—Dr. W. T. Hornaday, zoologist, at Stamford, Conn. Mary L, Requa, California Republican March 13—Maj. Gen. H. W. Butner, commandant of Panama canal zone. Elihu Thompson, noted inventor. March 16—Rear Admiral Richmond P. Hobson. Sir Austen Chamberlain, British statesman. Dr. B. B. Moeur, ex-governor of Arizona. March 20—Harry Vardon, famous British golfer. March 21—Edwin S. Stuart, ex-governor of Pennsylvania. March 22—Frederick MacMonnles, American sculptor. March 25—John Drlnkwater, British poet and dramatist. March 28—Frank Mandel, Chicago merchant. J. B. Frazler of Tennessee, former senator and governor. Marcli 29—William A. Butler of Boston, industrialist and former United States senior. March 31—Mrs. Robert Todd Lincoln, daughter-in-law of President Lincoln. April 4—Talcott Powell, editor and explorer. April 9—Albert Blgelow Paine, blogr; pher and poet. April 11—Ralph Ince, film director. In England. Everett Brown of Chicago, leader in business and amateur sports. April 13—Lars Anderson, American diplO' mat and soldier. Lindell T. Bates of New York, international lawyer. April 17—Gen. Jay J. Morrow, noted en- April 20—W. Forbes Morgan, former treasurer of Democratic national committee. April 21—Gus Hill, veteran theatrical producer and actor. . April 23—Senator N. L. Bachman of Tennessee. April 26—Bishop W. F. McDowell, Methodist leader, in Washington. April 28—John G. Pollard, chairman of Veterans' administration board of appeals and former governor of Virginia. April 29—William Gillette, actor. Norman Hapgood, author and editor. May 6—C. K. G. Billings, Chicago capitalist and sportsman. May 9—Harry S. New, former senator from Indiana and postmaster general. May 10—Paul Chabas, French painter. May 12—Louis F. Swift of Chicago, retired meat packer. Mav 14—Gen. John L. Clem, 'Drummer Boy of Chickamauga," in San Antonio. John Burke of Minnesota, former governor and treasurer of United States. Prof. C. H. Haskina of Harvard. May 15—Viscount Snowden. former British chancellor of exchequer and Laborite leader. Percy Gassoway, ex-congressman from Oklahoma. . Mav 19—J. Henry Roraback, Connecticut Republican leader. May 23—John D. Rockefeller, Sr., at Ormond Beach, Fla. Manuel Tellez. Mexican diplomat. May 24—Edward F. Dunne, ex-mayor of Chicago and ex-governor of Illinois. Rear Admiral J. V. Chase, retired. May 25—Edward Albright, American minister to Costa Rica. May 27—Frederick E. Ives of Philadelphia inventor of half-tone process. May 28—Prof. Alfred Adler of Vienna, noted, psychologist. May 30—George F. Baker. New York aanker. June 7—Jean Harlow, screen actress. — , June 8— Monroe Owsley, actor. June 10 — Sir Robert Bor nadian premier. . den, former Ca. June 14— Charles L. Pack, president American Tree association. June 15— W. P. Connery. congressman from Massachusetts. Mrs. Champ Clark, widow of former speaker. June IB—Gsston Doumergue, former president of France. June 19 — Sir James M. Barne, author and dramatist. June 20— Former Representative Franklin W. Fort of New Jersey. June 24— -Demarest Lloyd, journalist. June 25— Colin Clive, stage and screen June 29— Frank A. Vanderlip, financier. July 11 — George Gershwin, composer of classical jazz music. Jack Curley, sports promoter. John D. Shibe. former president of the Philadelphia Athletics. July 14— Senator Joseph T. Robinson of Arkansas. July 17— Gabriel Pierne, French corn- July 19— Gugllelmo Marconi, inventor of •ireless, in Rome. G. S. Parker, industrialist, of Janesville, July 24— A. S. Prall, chairman federal communications commission. July 26— J. J. Dooling of New York, lead- sr of "Tammany. , , July 28— Henry Clews, American sculptor. Aug 2— Rear Admiral W. F. Worthing- on. U. S. N., retired. Aug. 7— Lady Maude Tree, English act- Aug. 11 — Dr. F. W. Shepardson of University of Chicago. W L Edison, son of Thomas A. Edison. Cardinal Illundain of Spain. Aug. 12— Frederick Strauss, Mew York a jRcaf' Admiral N. E. Erwin. U. S. N., re- :ired. Edith Wharton, American novelist. • Aug. 13 — Baron Runciman, British ship^Aug? 1 !^— W.' P. Hall, railway signal in- Aug' 18— James Mclntyre, veteran actor. Aug. 21— Morton D. Hull, ex-congres_sman !rom Illinois. Aug. 26— Andrew W. Mellon, financier and statesman. ... Aug. 27— John R. Pope, famous architect, n New York. Frederick Opper, veteran cartoonist. Aug. 29— Dr. Charles F. Tliwing, educa- or and author. Sept. 1— Dr. G. H. Simmons of Chicago, eminent medical editor. Sept. 6— Henry Hadley. American com- P °Iept 13— Dr, Thomas G. Masaryk, first president of Czechoslovak^. Ellis Parker Butler, American writer. Sept. 18— Lott a. Herrick, Illinois Supreme court Justice. ** William Loeb. secretary to President Theodore Roosevelt, in New York. Sept. 23— Charles A. Knorr, American ' e Sept. 25— Edward A. Filene, Boston merchant and economist. Sept. 26--E. T. Emmet, American ambassador to Austria. Sept. 29— Clarence Falk, Milwaukee industrialist. Oct. 3— Ed Howe, author and editor, in A Oct! 0 ?-Sin' Griffiths of Chicago, builder of skyscrapers. Oct 11— Ogden L. Mills of New York, former secretary of the treasury. A. W. Milburn, president of Borden com- Oct. 14 — Robert Underwood Johnson of lew York, editor, educator and former diplomat. Oct. 18 -Col. Grayson Murphy of New York, industrialist. J. Bruce Ismay, British shipping mag- ""Oct. 19— Lord Ernest Rutherford, British D e r. If. N. B. Hewitt of Washington, ethnolo- 8 Oct 20— Felix Warburg of New York, Inancier and philanthropist. Oct. 22— George Horace Lorlmer, ex-editor >f Saturday Evening Post, In Philadelphia. Prof E. R. Jones, drainage engineer and •ducator. In Madison, WIs. Albert B. Insley, American landscape Oct 24— Sir Joseph Isherwood, British '"cS Vl-RCT/C. W. Gordon (Ralph Connor), author, in Winnipeg. Judge Francis J. Heney in Santa Monica, Nov. 3—Henry M. Robinson, banker and economist, in Pasadena. Nov. 4—Jack McAuliffe, former world champion lightweight, in New York. Nov. 6—Sir Johnston Forbes-Robcrston, English actor. Nov. 7—F. P. Garyan of New York, ex- alien property custodian. Nov. 8—Frederick Donaghey of Chicago, Journalist and dramatist. Nov. 9 — Ramsay MacDonald, British statesman and former prime minister. Nov. 12—Atlee Pomerene, ex-senator from Ohio. Nov. 13—Mrs. Leslie Carter, veteran actress. Rev. Dr. John McDowell, Presbyterian leader, in New York. Nov. 21—Howard Coffin, industrialist and engineer, at Sea Island, Ga. Nov. 22—K. R. Kingsbury, president Standard Oil of California. Nov. 23—Sir Jagadas Chandra Bose, Hindu savant. Nov. 24—A. S. Burleson, former postmaster general, in Austin, Texas. Nov. 27—Theodore Walters, assistant secretary of the interior. Nov. 30—J. 0. McKinsey, Chicago, president Marshall Field & Co. The Panchen Lama, spiritual ruler of Tibet. Dec. 10—Harry G. Leslie, ex-governor of Indiana. Dec. 14r—W. J. Harrahan, president of C. & 0, railway. Miss Kate Buckingham, Chicago, art patron. DISASTERS Jan. 11—Finnish motorship wrecked in Orkney islands; 31 lost. Jan. 16—Hundred killed in burning railway Irain in China. J an. 20—Serious floods Ihroughout the Ohio river valley. Jan. 21—Chinese ferryboat capsized; 227 drowned. Jan. 23—Floods In Ohio valley increased; 500 dead; 1,000 homeless; damage §500,000,000. Jan. 25—Seventeen drowned when bus fell into Everglades canal near Miami, F,la. Feb. 1—Flood, passing down the Mississippi, drove many thousands from their Feb." 13—Nearly 700 killed in theater fire in Antung, Manchukuo. Fed. 17—Ten men killed when scaffolding i Golden Gate bridge, San Francisco, collapsed. Feb. 18—Six marines killed by shell explosion on battleship Wyoming. March 18—Explosion of gas in London Consolidated school, east Texas, killed 455 children and teachers. March 25—Thirteen killed in crash of airliner near Pittsburgh. May 6—German dirigible Hindenburg exploded and burned at Lakeliurst, N. J.; 35 persons killed. Mav 17—Boiler explosion on launch at Hongkong killed 70 Japanese emigrants. June 20—Sixteen killed by avalanche while climbing Himalayas. July 2—Thirty-two injured in wreck of North Western train at Eyanston, 111. ^ July 15—Twenty killed in mine explosion at Sullivan, Ind. July 10—More than 150 injured In blast of gasoline tanks at Atlantic City. uly 28—Fifteen killed in crash of Dutch airliner near Brussels. July 29—Twenty-five killed in train wreck near Paris. Steamer Baltimore blew up and burned in Chesapeake bay; 4 lost, 89 saved. Aug. 3—Fourteen lost when Pan American-Grace plane fell Into sea ofT Panama. Aug. 11—Nineteen killed by collapse of houses in storm on Staten Island, N. Y. Aug. 20 — Destructive earthquake at Manila. Aug. 22—Eleven killed in Wyoming for- st fire. Sept. 2—Terrific typhoon at Hongkong; more than 500 killed. Sept. 11—Southern Japan swept by destructive typhoon. Sept. 20—Wyandotte county lake dam, built by WPA near Kansas City, collapsed. Oct. 16—Mine explosion at Mulga, Ala., killed 33. Oct. 18—Nineteen killed by crash of airliner in Uinta mountains. Utah. Oct. 22—Nine killed when train hit bus in Mason City, la. Nov, 11—Three hundred Japanese sulphur miners killed by landslide. Dec. 10—Thirty-four killed in railway collision in Scotland. Dec. 11—Dollar liner President Hoover stranded on island off Formosa; all saved. AERO Jan. 12 — Western Air Express plane crashed near Burbank, CaliJ; two passengers killed. Jan. 19—Howard Hughes flew from Los Angeles to New York in 12'a hours—new record. Jan. 29—Twelve United States army planes completed mass flight from San Diego to Hawaii. Feb. 9—United Air Lines plane fell in San Francisco bay; 11 killed. March 2—United States army bought auto- gyros. March 17—Amelia Earhart hopped from Oakland, Calif., for Honolulu on world encircling flight. March 18—Amelia Earhart landed at Honolulu, setting new record. March 20 — Amelia Earhart's plane smashed at attempted start from Honolulu. March 25—T. W. A. liner fell near Pittsburgh; 13 killed. March 30—Pan-American Clipper com- aleted exploratory flight from San Francisco to Auckland, New Zealand. April 9—Two Japanese completed flight from Tokyo to London in 94'/ 3 hours. May 6—German dirigible Hindenburg ex- aloded and burned at Lakehurst, N. J; 35 tilled. May 9—Dick Merrill and J. S. Lambie aegan flight from New York lo London. May 10—Merrill and Lambie landed safely at Croydon airport. May 14—Merrill and Lambie completed jturn flight from London to New York. May 21—Russian aviators landed near North Pole and established air base on ice floe. May 31—Tex Rankin won international acrobatics competition at St. Louis. June 1—Amelia Earhart started from Miami on round the world flight. June 15—Amelia Earhart landed in Karachi, India. June 18—Russian plane started from Mos- nv on non-slop flight to Oakland, Calif. June 20—Russian plane forced down by weather at Vancouver, Wash.; time from Moscow, 63 hours. June 30—Flight Lieut. M. J. Adam, Brit- sh pilot, claimed altitude record, reaciiing 53.937 feet. July 2—Amelia Earhart forced down near Rowland island on 2,570-mile hop from New Guinea on round tho world trip. July 3—Warships and planes were rushed ;o the rescue of Amelia Earhart, but failed :o find her. July 5—Pan American Clipper lit hopped 'rom Newfoundland; Caledonia from Ireland; completed pioneer flights for Atlantic service. July 11—Three Soviet aviators took off Tom Moscow, attempting polar flight to San Francisco. July 13—Sixty navy planes searched 21.000 miles of Pacific in vain hunt for Amelia Earhail. July 14—Soviet flyers set new distance record in non-stop flight from Moscow lo ',an Jacinto, Calif., 6,262 miles. July 18—Search for Amelia Earhart abandoned by navy. Aug. 11—German seaplane Nordmeer be?n survey flight across Atlantic. Aug. 14—Levanevsky of Russia and five companions lost on trans-polar flic'nt. Aug. 16 — German seaplane Nordmrpr reached New York. Aug. 25—New radio beam for blind land- ng successfully tested. Sept. 3—Frank Fuller won Bendix trophy race Los Angeles to Cleveland. Sept. 6—Rudy Kling won Thompson trophy at Cleveland. Oct, 24—Miss Jean Batten cut Australia o England record to 5 days, 18 hours. Dec. 3—Rudy Kllng and Frank Hayes clllcd in Miami air races. Dec. 17—Thirty-fourth' anniversary o( Wright brothers' first flight celebrated © Western Newspaper Union.

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