The Morning Herald from Hagerstown, Maryland on January 1, 1938 · Page 1
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The Morning Herald from Hagerstown, Maryland · Page 1

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Saturday, January 1, 1938
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Good Morning The Herald ivishes you a happy and prosperous New Year. MORNING HERALD Weather Forecast Light rain in morning; clearing and somewhat colder at night. L VOL. XLII, NO. 1. Y«Birrdny'» HAGERSTOWN, MARYLAND. SATURDAY, JANUARY I, 1938. )—Means Associated Prett SINGLE COPY, 2 CENTS. JAP MACHINE HEARING CITY OF TSINGTAO Fall of the Great Port of Shantung Is Soon Expected CHINESE HIOILDING RAILROAD SYSTEM Some 200 Americans Remain in the Port City (Bj- The .Auoiilnlea Prwoi) Shanghai, Jan. 1 (Saturday) — Japan's war machine rolled on in Shantung and Che- kiang provinces today as its airforce concentrated on a campaign to paralyze that half of China's railway system still in Chinese hands. Tsingtao, great port of Shantung, became a governmental no-man's Uod, with foreigners anil iion-offi- iiiai Chinese uniting in efforts to v« rb a budding reign of terror. Its Varied Views Given FRIENDSHIP On Business Outlook WITH U.S. IS Government Position Stated by Secretary of Commerce Roper—Alfred P. Sloan Says Difficulties Are Political Economic AIM OF JAPAN f Chinese officials and garrison had [*; fr°d: a Japanese army reported ar proaching rapidly from the wes hart not arrived, Meager dispatches from Shan tung indicated Japanese armie; were driving eastward along tlie Tsinan-Tsingtao railway and south ward on the Tientsiu-Pukow lin> A'Hh little resistance. Some 200 Americans remainei - in Tsingtao, with two United States warships standing by Jn the harbor for their protection. ' Two weeks of systematic destruction of Japan's rich stake in the port by the Chinese appeared at ai end. The last units ot Chinese who ihad been applying torch and dyna • mite to mills and other properties m. marched out yesterday and with r them went tlie mayor, Admiral Shen Bnng-Lieh, and bin force of marines. The Chinese police force ')egan to disintegrate. Looting 'nrreased. With the active assistance oC foreign residents 25 prominent non- •tffifilal Chinese formed an emergency administration to maintain order. The American and British r lonsuls lent support although they •lid not participate actively. Many \ Chinese police returned to their hutles and disorder and tension i tbated. ! Previously British, German and ! lussian residents hud formed a , jgilante corps ot about 240 mem- ' ers to prevent looting and burn- ig in the foreign residential and ; usiness areas. Armed with batons ; nese volunteers patrolled the P Ireets in groups of five in motor I' 1 ' ars. On advice ot their consul, I i .merican residents took no purl ;'|i this work. A dozen fires set by retreating New York, Doc. 31, (#).—One lit le word with a big meaning—"if —stood out today in the state in en Is of business leaders on Ihi imtlook for 1938. Will there be belter times uex year? Many were op U m islec, bin he opinion of a substantial sectoi vas—it all depends. Some said ii depended upon the success o£ co iperalive efforts by business and government; others said it depeiit id upon a change in government's .ttitude toward business, A government spokesman said Business should keep its perspec- ive, asserted America would "move forward." Optimistic was Thomas J. Watson, president of the International Chamber oC Commerce and the International Business Machines Corporation. "The most encouraging factor for the development of sound prosperity in 193S," he said, "is the sincere effort that business and government are making to cooperate with each other, the result oC which will mean solving the problems that have been holding back the development of American business. \ "With a continuance of this cooperation, we need have no fears as to (he future prosperity of all of our people." Government Position The government position was stated by SeeretaiT ot Commerce Daniel C. Roper: "It was inevitable that labor difficulties, rising prices and abnormally heavy production manifested earlier in the year would have their repreeussions. "NoiV iluit labor relations are nore stable, -inventories io\v, and investment funds abundant, the economic base is better stabilized. The need for courage and inilafive n business is more evident and we should not allow our perspective to ie distorted by fear and uncertaln- y. America is sound, resourceful and will continue !o move forward." Views Of Sloan Alfred P. Sloan. Jr., chairman of jcneral Motors Corp., said our (lit- Acuities "are political economic, ather than purely economic," couinuing: "Confidence must be reestablish(Continued on Page 12) HOLIDAY GREETINGS EXTENDED BY NICE hinese in Japanese buildings still urned, but volunteers prevented prnad of the flames. •British officials denied reports of rrangements to send all British E esldenls from Tsingtao. (!45 Permits For ling Issued .[.Property construction in lingers- M.wn during .IS.'I? neared Uie half '"illioii dollar murk, records of Cits i'nglneer Joseph Lyon show. I During the year just ended 2-15 lirniits with a tolal valuation of ; 72,305 were issued. The figure • hs than $2,000 short of the build}( operations here in 1936. 'The 1937 figures by months folUvs: January, $12,2lir>; February, j 7.035; March, $33,345; April, ',•{,735; May, $24,«5; June, $28,;'. o; July, ?10l),r>25; August, $:)!!.• |'B; September, $36,800; October, I l.SOO; November ?SI),9-15; Deeem- Governor Bids Farewell to 1937 in a Special Message Baltimore, Dec. 31 (/P) — Gov Harry W. Nice bade farewell to 1937 tonight, in. a special holiday address recalling a "few of the ilessfngs" granted Maryland dur- tlie year. The speech wa; broadcast. Offering thanks (hat lUarylanders rt'ere removed from "tlie causes of erriJjle, gruesome and Inhuman var . . . declared and undeclared," he State's Chief Executive assert- d "Maryland has continued to be, ? always, a delightful place in Inch lo live." "We have been free from major j devastating calamity,'' he con I in- ued, summing up the waning year. "Our Held a have borne fair fruit; our industries anil our commerce have heen free from serious interruption; your State Government is in excellent condition and your laws are being administered . . , bones! ly and in I elligenl ly. "jM;u-y]»mr.y credit In the financial world is at tlie highest point achieved in years; its obiigalions . $24,550. ! TO RECEIVE OFFICERS ( Annapolis, Md., Dec. 31, (XI 1 ). — j'vdrnor and Mrs, Uarry W. Nice I |i observe Iho slnte tradition of \|:elvlng the officers of the Mary| id National (luard and Naval Ml,^,a and the general public at the ['(Yernnient. HOUBG tomorrow. are selling on the market at premium challenging (he admiration of other commonwealths. "Tho sound condition, of the State's finances is eloquently reflected in the fact lhat, at the end of November, the Stale Treasury had asnrphis of $4,914,Ml.12." Maryland has been "comparatively free of civic strife; business, industry and labor have worked j out Ibbir own destinies, free o serious disorders; our merchant 'wve enjoyed a period of proapei ity," he continued. "As u people, we have emleavoi ed to care for the hungry and t.li destitute, and are still earnest^ striving for the employment of MIP unemployed. WR have not -aban doned the divine injunction tha 'we are our brother's keeper.'" "Looking forward info the yeai Hint dawns tomorrow morning may I express tho hope that, we ahall go onward to better things, upward to higher standards ol thought and of life, and that God In his wisdom, may grant us (ho share of his bounty that wo deserve," (he Governor concluded. WORLD HAILS THE NEW YEAR'S DAWN Millions Forget their Cares for a Few Hours of Gaiety (Hj Tlie Aniiiicliilril Prc»») . A ironblftd world .saw the old year die last night with fe\v regrets, and hopefully hailed the dawn of 1938. Apprehension was an undertone to the New Year's lOve gayely of many nalions. AVhile bells pealed 1937's passing, HIM war machine!! d on in Spain and China, and vast plans for increased arma- nenls were under way in a imin- jer of other countries. Millions all over the wm-ld, however, forgot their cares for a few H'ief hours and gayly toasted the Jew Year. jMiiny ollirrs went reverently lo iglit church services. Glimpes around the world: .First to greet the New Year •as .Yew '/.Miami, liecause of its me zone. President Roosevelt welcomed 19:18 quietly at bis own fireside. A new social pace for Xew year's 1'Jve in (In; capital was set by .Airs, lidward B. McLean, owner of the Hope diamond, who gave a brilliant parly. Bells clanged, whisiles blew a reveling crowds joined in the n: night bedlam progressively acros the United Slates a- the New Yea reached different time holts. New York sainted 1938 with tr ditional gayety, with a tliron jamming Times Sqnure and lant crowds celebrating in re.slat rants and brightly-lit night clubs. Maintenance of Friendly Relations Set Forth as 1938 Policy JAPANESE^ ABINET GREETINGS ISSUED Prolonged Warfare Real ized in New Year's Message Tokyo, Jan. 1 (Saturday) (/P)—Maintenance of friendly relations between the Unitec States and Japan was set forth as a cardinal policy for 1938 by the Japanese cabinet toda) in its annual New Year's greetings to the Empire. Tbe New Year messages, to which I members of the government contributed, dealt primarily with 'oreign affairs, and the easy optimism of previous years was lacking. A realization that Japan must prepare for prolonged warfare by malting 1 all necessary sacrifices pervaded the greetings. Premier Prince Fumimaro Ko- uoye declared Japan's actions to> day bad a world-wide effect, directly influencing the world for peace or war. Japan, be said, while trying to march ahead as peacefully as possible, would offer strong resistance to nations believing in the existing status. Foreign Minister Koki Hirola said the Empire's foreign relations had become difficult and delicate. He regretted relations with Great Britain were no better and acknowledged Britain's legitimate concern in tiie undeclared war be tween China and Japan. Hirola pledged Japan not to disturb Britain's interests in Cl and asked for reliance on Japan's inlention of maintaining ppnce and checking Communism in the Far Kiisl;. The amicable settlement of the liking of Hie United States gunboat Panay by Japanese warplauas was a, moans of promoting friendship between Japan and America, /Hrota said. "We are looking forward to main- enance of a friendly policy on the hauls of good neighborJJness of the United States led by President Roosevelt, and Secretary ot Slate Hull," Hirola declared. "I am coii; vinced friendly relations belween America and Japan more and more will be promoltid." Another Milestone, Another Hitch-Hiker! *(.. ,f°" Hope Is Held for Better Busines ,' OFFICERS NOMINATED I Uecause a tiro aim-in Interrupted } jir last regular meeting mom- 1 j-s of the 'tinonshoro Firo Coin- i -ny met Thursday night In spo- . 0 session nnd nomlnaled officers ' the ensuing year. The election ftanntd for till* month. POLICE KEPT BUSY DURING PAST YEAR The big men of the. llagerstown Police Department had 366 busy days In 1(137, a review of their nc- UrlUeo shown. Arresls on charges ranging from common drunkenness to murder tolnled 2,214 in 1937. In addition thju-o were 2,300 (raffle summons, most ot which were for parking violations. Mrs. Powell Sails To Collect Prize Mr. and Mrs. Virgil C. Powell, o Cumberland, sailed last, night fron Ae«- York for Ireland to complel arrangements for Mrs. Powell | receive payment on her wlnnin- ?50,000 ticket in the Irish llospita Sweepstakes. Mrs. Powell's Inckj l-lcket was on Molnr Hfar, whicl placed -third in the running of the race. After obtaining the money in Dublin, Mr. and Mrs. Powell will -ravel on the continent for several weeks before returning 1 ie. Mrs. Powell is :t (rained nurse and was it.oiio lime superintendent of Me- norial Hospital. Cumberland. GLASSES SHATTERED A dairy truck went wild on North jOciist street yesterday evening, trlklug a ganollno pump and then veering against two liirgo plate glass windows of Iho Ferens Motor orniianr. "olli glasses wen; abnl- n-d. NEW SUPERINTENDENT Clnrencn Ilowors has boon elect- rt ininorlntomlenl of Iho Mt. I.enn i U, B. Chiirdh for the year 1938. Baltimore, Jan. I (fP)— Dani Willard, president of the Ball more and Ohio Kailroad. said t day he saw "hop-! for an ear improvcinent" in business coiu tions. In a message to railroad ployes, Willard said: "There is nothing I can tell yo concerning business condition which you do not. already know The unprecedented slump in trufli during the last quarter of the ye; shosvn in the reduced ntimbe of trains moving and the sinalle forces working in nil depart inenls." "Conditions throughout on land, however, would seem to just fy hope for an early improvemen which the railroads and thei employes should share. "I wish you to know (hat :really appreciate the loyal sup )orf which the company has re :eived during the difficult and try "K year just ended " FINED FOR USE OF A SLUG IN METER Caught In Hid alleged act of us UK a slug for a nickel In a parkins leler, u local man last, night was ssessed ?2 collateral for a hearing •hlch he said he would waive. Capt. Carl H. McCleary said the ollnteral was small becniise It was tlrst recorded offense. In the iture, he snld, the maximum •oitld 1m charged. The motorist ailmlllud using the (ig. officers said. Ho wns i- Piilrolimin Sltauh. REOPEN MONDAV Public schools of Ihn city nnd unify will reopen Monday, .Innu- ry 3. Gains Claimed by Insurgent Force Hendnyne, Franco-Spanish Pro tier, Dec. 31 (#>).—An insiirgei broadcast from Salamanca tonigl announced Generalissimo Fra cisco Franco's legions had hattore their way into Teruel and relieve lie garrison of insurgents wilhi the city. A later report said operations ha hailed at night fall and the insu gents planned total occupation t provincial capital, which wa wrested from them Dec. 21, lomoi [•ow. One announcement said "th heroic defenders of the city"—-th embattled insurgent garrison—bai been "Incorporated anew into na lionalist (insurgent) Spain." It said the right Hank of Franco' forces- occupied the .southern sulj iirbs of Teruel while the left /lank look the cemetery. Today's actions were carried on despite adverse, wintry weather. STEAMER GUARDED FOLLOWING THREAT New York, Dec. 31, (IP}.— A si|na ( | ! 25 detectives guarded the Japan ose steamer Nagar Maru today fol owing an anonymous threat to bomb the 7,119-ton frieghter. Tlie threat, which iiolicu believed o be the work of a crank, was in a letter addressed to the operators, he Nippon Yusen Kalsha K. K. The Nagar Marn docked In Jrooklyn early today to take on a :argo of scarp iron and copper for p.patl. She came from Baltimore fter undergoing repairs. Viany Steel Workers Are Reported Idle Washington, Dec. 111. (/P).—The ssoclallon of American Railroads eporled today -100,367 cars ot rov- nne freight wore loaded during in week ending last Saturday. This was u decrease! of :M2,!)2r, ara, or 23.Y per ctiit. compared ill 1 the preceding week; a de•ease of 102,211, or 18.8 per cent, ompared with u year ago, and a ecrea'ae of 75,925, or M.2 per cent nmpnred with 1930. ORDER IS ISSUED Washlnglon, Dec. 31 (A 1 )— The ederal Trade Commission an- onnced lonlght lhat It had ordur- a iinilon.wlde building material tpply Bftsorlnllon to ntop price- Ing and olhftr practices tending Increimo cosln to conmiinert, FORD CONFIDENT OF COMING YEAR Auto Manufacturer Sees No Reason for Not Going Forward Detroit, Dec. 31 (jp) — Henry Ford in a statement on business conditions today said "there is nothing to prevent our going ihead" and revealed he expects to produce a low-priced tractor of un- isual design within a few months. No details of the tractor were nade available. ji'xpressing' his opinion that th mtion is on the verge of ai greater quantity production, th onnder of ihe Ford Motor Con tany said: ''Almost every reaso or the temporary stoppage (o msiness) can be discounted. Th teople are naturally cautions a liis time of the year because they ,-ant to know bow the rest of th .•Inter will be. "They have heard so man; lireats lhat they are waiting ti ee. SVell, that is all right," hi aid. "What they will see wil ot be as had as it sounded. "One thing we must learn i mt we were on the right track a sw years ago and left it. When made plenty of things that eople use to live, wo were able make them at. low prices, and eople, were able to buy them, id this made work for more men, "There is no way o£ changing at cycle, and no way ot improv- g upon it—working and using id making- things belter and sier to get is all there is to it— id the sooner we gel. hack to that e better it will be. There is no use wailing for someone else to start—Ibis thing will get started, as it always has, by Individual Initiative." Report Decrease in Car Loadings Cleveland, Dee. 31 (/p).—Steel Labor, publicaton of C.I.O.'s steel workers organizing committee, said today "only 120,000 of the nation's 800,000 steel workers a:-e getting full week's work." The publication said a S.W.O.C. survey in which "scores of com panies cooperated" showed 224,000 employes had heen "thrown out of work completely." It listed as getting only part- .ime work—one, two and three days a week—456,000 steel em- iloyes. AIDES OF FDR ARE ASSAILED FORATTACKS Roosevelt Soys Only Few Wealthy Men Are Malefactors TONE OF MESSAGE IS NOT REVEALED Representative O'Conor Ridicules Charge of Jackson Washington, Dec. 31 (/P)— Some prominent congressional Democrats.joined business spokesmen today in denouncing recent Administration attacks upon concentrated wealth and appealing for a "cooperative" presiden-. tial message to Congress next Monday. The President kept to himself the tone of his forthcoming message, which is expected generally to advocate a new legislative assault upon monopoly. However, he tokl his press conference a story which' obviously was intended to prevent the recent utterances of Secretary Ickes and Robert II. Jackson, assistant Attorney- General, from frightening all capital. . Mr.,Roo8,eyelt,re.callcd..Uiat.Theo- - dore Roosevelt once made a speech in which he referred to some "individuals" as malefactors of great wealth. A certain element of people charged his distant relative with calling all wealthy people malefactors, the President said. But that was not the case, he added, and those making the accusation knew it hecause they knew the English language. Charge Ridiculed Ridicule.of Jackson's charge that "hig business" was "on strike" in an effort lo "liquidate New HENRY REISNER RESIGNS POST J. TIenry Reisner baa tendered his resignation as production manager «nd member ot the board of directors of (he Fall-child Aircraft Corporation here. Mr. Helsner, whoHe resignation l« effective at once, Is the last member of Iho original firm— Kreidei- Retailor Aircraft Company —formed 15 years ago. Ills brother, Louis K. Relsnor, resigned several ynnrs ago. The other member of the original flrm wad killed In an airplane crash. LARGE SUM COLLECTED Aiinapolis, Md., Dec. 31 (.*P)—The Maryland gasoline and alcoholic beverage taxes brought $13,316,370 into (lie State Treasury during 1937, it was leaimed today when the books ot William S. Oordy, Jr., State Comptroller, closed for the year. This was an increase of $1,466,199.20 over 1.936. Deal" came from Representative O'Connor of New York, cuairman of the powerful House Rules committee, and Senator Cop'jlanrl (D-NY). O'Connor said the remarks or the assistant Attorney General did not reflect the views of tlie Democratic party, and that no one could make him believe they reflected the views of the President. "If these monopolies, about which Mr. Jackson reaches v/hite heat, exist, it is his particular, personal job to put them out of business," O'Connor continued. "ft was for that sole purpose .he was employed in the Attorney General's office. "When the fully elected representatives of the people are working day and night to steer the. ship of state through these troubled waters. It is most unfortunate that one of the deck hands should start rocking (Continued on Page 12) COMMEMORATION HEADS LIST OF EVENTS HERE DURING YEAR Thousands Witnessed Great Spectacle—Three Potomac Valley Floods Mark 1937—Number of Conventions Here The Antlelam National Commem oration from September < to 17th headed the list of outstanding events In Washington County dur K the past year. This history making event, re plete with pageantry, color and ex libits was climaxed on the "5th an ilvevsary of the Battle of Anlietam a visit to Anlletain by Presldeni loosevelt. Files of the Morning Herald re r eal that thousands of people view ed the spectacular pageant "On Wings of Time" staged by a cast if two thousand on the Fairgrounds. The vast exposition was narked by addresses by United tales Senator. Millard Tydlngs, Jovernor Harry W. Nice, Repre«en- atlve David J. Lewis, Mayor Howrd W, Jackson, ot Baltimore and thei-8. The event cloved on September 7 with an address by the Presl- eni and re-ennclmont ot the Battle C Anllelam. The Commemoration ran marked by a reunion ot the >lue and Grny, Another outstanding event here '»s thn April flood ot the Potmto Iyer T»ll«y. While not n as the Hood ot 1936, waters rose to 33 feet above normal at Williamsport, swept over lowlands and caused considerable damage. The Potomac span at Hancock was swept out on April 26. Sections ot Cumberland were inundated. The April flood, while the most severe of the year, was one ot three. * The flood of January raged for Iwo days, Iho 22nd and 23rd with waters going fourteen feet above normal and threatening to wipe out the Hancock bridge. The other Hood occurred on October 28 and waters nachod 31.6 feet above normal at Wllllamsport. Lowlands were again flooded und considerable damage reported. Tbe year was marked by considerable activity along commercial lines here. Higentown durloc the rear w»» holt to a numb«r ot CM- Tentfoni, Some ot th« Importut •Tenti picked from the Hie* • Inflow: January E—Antletam coin Mil In- , produced In both the H«*n* Ml S«nil§ In Wa»hlnirton, ' * i-RUtA H.irtlimittfUf (ContltnM

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