The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on October 18, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Wednesday, October 18, 1944
Page 1
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!i Kern Plans Huge Welcome for Bricker * * * * * * * * # . * • * # # # * # YANKS LASH LUZON AGAIN THE TEMPERATURE Temperature* HiBh yesterday 87 Low today 63 Rainfall Reason (Airport) T Year ago (Airport) T Season (Land Company) T Tear ago (Land Company) T Forecant Fine autumn weather today, tonight and Thursday. Rent Control Controversy Rages—Page 7 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1944 14 PAGES No. 68 Half of Aachen Captured Yanks Advance Mile on Metz Road; Battle Flares in Holland SUPREME HEADQUARTERS OF ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, PARIS, Oct. 18. (U.E)—American dive- bojmbers, troops and artillery stalked the German garrison of Aachen through city's burning streets and cellars today as Allied forces to the north and south shoved slowly into the Nazi west wall along a 250-mile front from the Dutch seacoast to the Vosges mountains. The massive Allied armies, racing against time to beat the first winter storms into the German homeland, were wheeling into position for a great fall offensive and .backing out limited gains against stubborn and skillful enemy resistance. Inside Aachen, American First Army troops moved slowly through a maze of ancient catacombs beneath the city streets. A front dispatch from United Press War Correspondent Jack FrankiBh said most of the eastern half of the city was in American hands late today. German counterattacks northeast of Aachen slackened as the exhausted Nazis drew off to lick their wounds and, possibly, reorganize for another try. The enemy attempted one counterattack north-northeast of Aachen, but it was rolled back quickly and a team of American tanks and engineers captured or destroyed 25 pillboxes in that sector. Venray Captured A truckload of Nazis drove up to the front northeast of Aachen during the night and set off flares, perhaps to signal the start of an attack, but they were wiped out by a direct shell hit. To the north, British troops captured the fortified Dutch town of Venray and pushed out 2 to 3 miles to the south and southwest to capture Overbroek and Veulen, while Canadian forces on the Schelde estuary fought to within 3000 yards of BreBljcns. Meanwhile, United States First Army headquarters revealed that American long toms now are hurling thousands of shells Into the German towns of Jullch and Duren, east and ? drtheast of Aachen. The American 05 millimeter guns, if was disclosed, are firing an average of 30,000 to 40,000 rounds a day at the towns and the big 155s are shooting about 6000 rounds a day. Twenty rounds from an American battery of 240-millimeter cannon yesterday were believed to have destroyed a giant German railway gun, either a 210 or 240 millimeter weapon. A small German attack east of Aachen was beaten off today, a front dispatch said, in another of the series of vain blows that have now badly cut up two enemy divisions. One of. these divisions is substantially destroyed as a fighting unit, while the second has been materially ireduced. The rest of the rain-swept Aachen front was generally quiet. The front in France sprang to action also. United States Third Army Continued on Pace Five Index to Advertisers " Page Abrams, Dr. R. F 4 Arvin Theater 9 Booth's ; 9 Bricker, John W "". 5 Brock's 2 Chrlstoffersen Poultry 3 Citizens Laundry 9 Coffee, Harry 2 Culliton, John W 9 Fllcklnger-Digier 12 Fox Theaters 9 Gingras & Neely 4 Granada Theater 9 Harrison's „ 9 Horse Races 9 Ivers Furniture 9 Karpe, E. F 3 KERN v 8 Kern County Auto Dealers 5 Leed's Shoes 4 Lim, T 9 Long, Dr. S. C 4 Louise Beauty Salon 4 Martin, Al „. 4 Mar-Vo-Aid 2 New Lincoln 3 Nile Point Drive Inn 9 Phillips Music Co „ 4 Republican Central Committee.. 5 Rlalto Theater » River Theater „ 9 Safeway ........... 2 Texans » -.. 8 Texaa Tornados 9 Technocracy 8 Union Cemetery 7,12 Virginia Theater 9 Weill's - 6 Wills, Bob —. » —Californl«n-NBA Ridlo TMephoto ACTION IN AACHEN—Yank artillerymen in Aachen street direct their fire at tower which Germans were using as observation point to direct fire at advancing United States troops. The tower, barely visible in distance was knocked out shortly after this picture was taken. Yanks are mopping up Aachen and, to the northeast, clearing out segments of the Siegfried Line to prepare way for the next drive. SOVIETS FROM CZECHOSLOVAKIA 170-MILE FRONT BOMBERS BLAST THREE EAST PRUSSIAN TOWNS; HUNGARIAN SOLDIERS REVOLT NAZI RULE LONDON, Oct. 18. (UPJ—Premeir Josef Stalin announced tonight that the Red army had forced the Carpathian mountain passes and advanced 12 to 31 miles into Czechoslovakia on a 170-mile front. General Ivan Y. Petrov's Fourth Army of the Ukraine made the drive into Czechoslovakia from the north, Stalin reported in an order of the day broadcast from Moscow. By HENRY SHAPIRO United Press War Correspondent MOSCOW, Oct. 18.—Marshal Rodion Y. Malinovsky's Second Ukrainian Army foj-ged a solid 0-mile front along the southern border of Czechoslovakia today for an expected thrust northward to bottle up German forces in the famous Tatar pass. At one point, Maliuovsky's troops reached within 1 mile of the Czechoslovakian frontier at Bistra Viseul, and the remainder was stretched out within 2 or 3 miles from the border. A communique also disclosed that Red army bombers severely attacked three important towns in East Prussia Monday night, just west of the Latvian area where the Germans reported a big offensive was started by the Russians on Monday. Land Drive Unconfirmed There still was no confirmation of the German reports of a land offensive against East Prussia. The com- munique mentioned only the heavy air assault, in which big bombers concentrated on the key rail town of Insterburg, 43 miles west of the border, and Gumbinnen and Stallu- ponen, 33 and 18 miles, respectively, west of Vilkaviskis. Budapest broadcasts indicated today that a large proportion of the Hungarian army garrison In the capital had deserted rather than serve the new Nazi government and its German masters. Radio Budapest was heard at frequent intervals broadcasting urgent Continued on Page Five Hitler Forms New Guard for Reich ORDERS ALL MEN FROM 16 TO 60 INTO UNIT FOR GERMANY'S DEFENSE LONDON, Oct. 18. OP)—Adolf Hitler, observing that "just as in 1939 we are facing the enemy alone," proclaimed tonight the formation of an armed German home guard and declared: "Germany's second all-out effort must and will succeed." Hitler's voice, which has not been heard on radio channels since shortly after the reported assassination attempt of July 20, was absent again from the Gcr- Continued on Page Five Hurricane Hits Key West, Havana; Nears Florida Coast MIAMI, Fla., Oct. 18. (UP)—A roaring Caribbean hurricane moved into the Florida straits between Havana and Key West today, the weather bureau reported at noon, and reports from the tiny naval base Island stopped abruptly as communications failed. The tremendous air mass, swirling at speeds which reached 160 miles per hour over Havana earlier in the day, continued northward, the latest advisory said. The storm was expected to move through the keys and on up the western coast of Florida tonight. "The last report from Key West was at 11 a. m.," the advisory said. "Thi: 1 reported winds in gusts to about 70 miles an hour and pressure 29.73 Inches. Communication lines on the keys have failed since that time. "This indicates that the storm center is now in Florida Straits between Key West and Havana, moving northward and approaching the keys. Winds in Miami now are estimated at 38 to 40 miles per hour As the storm continues slow northward movement winds will gradually increase this afternoon and tonight." The telephone company here, however, reported that it still was putting calls through to Key West, although a delay of four hours was probable because of the crowded lines. The overseas highway to the island previously had been closed, but only after most residents had been evacuated. High winds were predicted for the south Florida mainland, north of the Keys, td Vero Beach on the east and Tampa on the west coast, including the Lake Okeechobee region. The flooding of Lake Okeechobee in a 1928 hurricane caused tremendous loss of life, but since that time dikes have been erected. As each new advisory and bulletin from the weather bureau put the storm closer to the Florida mainland, south Floridians prepared themselves to meet the full fury of the hurricane. At; the Miami Naval Air Station, personnel last night was ordered to stand by to execute "Condition 1," which is evacuation. Today, the order remained unchanged. Planes at the base were prepared for flight to bases out of the path of the storm at a moment's notice. FOUR TOWNS ISOLATED BY HAVANA HURRICANE HAVANA, Oct. 18. <U.E)—A tropical hurricane, ripping across Cuba with what was described officially as "great destructive force," hitj Havana early today after Isolating at least four provincial towns. The wind velocity in Havana had reached 65 miles per hour by 2:30 a. m. and the Belen observatory said the worst was yet to come with the capital squarely in th£ path of the hurricane. Much of Havana was plunged Into darkness as gusts tore down electric wires and poles. One-third of Marl- anao, Havana's biggest suburb, was reported without power. No street cars or buses were operating. An interior ministry bulletin reported that the provincial towns of Celba, Dereda, San Felipe and Bata- bano were out of communication with Havana. Radio station CM-K said martial law had been declared in Batabano, on the south coast, but the ministry had no confirmation of thfj report Taft Man Makes First Alaskan Call CORPORAL DANE TALKS ON INITIAL CALL OVER NEW SYSTEM By BONNIE BOUTWELL TAFT, Oct. 18.—The first tele, phone call from Alaska to the con* tlnental United States via the new telephone service for servicemen and women was made Sunday night by Corporal Donald V. Dane to his mother, Mrs. Edith M. Dane of Woodrow street. "One moment, please," a voice said, when Mrs. Dane answered the telephone. "This is a history- making moment. This is the first telephone call to be made over this system, which Is for the exclusive use of servicemen and women." When the call came through Corporal Dane's brother, Lyman Dane, and his wife of Los Angeles, and his sister, Mrs. Milton Langum and her husbartd of Torrence, were present. Corporal Dane of the United States Army Signal Corps is stationed at Anchorage, Alaska, and is doing detached duty with the Alaska Communications System, which is a telephone system for the use of service personnel only. Jap War Prisoner Killed by Blast Rocket Bomb, Smuggled Into Barracks, Explodes CAMP McCOY, SPARTA, Wls., Oct. 18. (UPJ—A Japanese prisoner of war. was killed and five others were injured in the explosion of a rocket- bomb which they had smuggled into their barracks at the military training camp hero the night of October 16, authorities announced today. The bomb apparently was picked up by a work detail, Colonel George M. MacMulln, post commandant, said. He declined to reveal other details or explain the purpose of smuggling the high explosive into the barracks. Camp McCoy is one of the few places of confinement for less than 2000 Japanese prisoners of war held in the United States, federal authorities announced recently. Their quarters here are separate from those of more numerous prisoners from other Axis countries. They participate In work details under guard, but have not been assigned to harvest and canning jobs such as those assigned to Nazi prisoners. Bette Davis Leaves for Visit With F. D. R. COLUMBUS, Ga., Oct. 18. UP>— Film Star Bette Davis left her vacation residence near here by station wagon today on the first leg of a trip to the White House. She will take a plane at Atlanta. Friends said President Roosevelt had requested the actress come to Washington. Purpose of her visit waa not disclosed. i 103.81! BRITISH CASUALTIES LONDON, Oct. 18. (UPJ—Deputy Prime Minister Clement Attee revealed In Commons today that from the opening of the campaign in western Europe to t'ie end of August, casualties to British imperial forces totaled 103,842, of whom 20,795 were killed, 83,198 wounded, and 19,854 missing or taken prisoner. f Nominee to Speak Thursday Senator Edward Tickle to Accompany Him for Warren, Who Is III Kern county prepared today to give a tumultous welcome to Republican candidate for the vice-presidency, Governor John W. Rricker, who will appear in Bakersfield Thursday. Senator Edward Tickle will accompany the candidate, replacing Governor Earl Warren, who is ill, it was announced today by William S. Reichel, general chairman of the northern California Dewey-Bricker committee. Lawrence Lake, chairman of the arrangement committee, said that the appearance will continue as scheduled, even though the California governor will be unable to attend. The Ohio governor, accompanied by his wife and the official party, will arrive in Bakersfield by special train at 8 a. m, Thursday. A large delegation of local Republican campaign workers and representative citizens of the community .will greet Governor Bricker and mtmbers of his party as the train pull* Into the Southern Pacific station in East Bakersfield. Upon leaving the East Bakersfield station, a motor cavalcade composed of the official visitors and the local committmen, will travel to the Bakersfield Inn where an invitational reception will be held for Kern county campaign workers. Immediately following the conference with local campaign workers, Governor Bricker will depart for Griffith Stadium, where he will deliver a public address at 9:30 o'clock. Senator J. R. Dorsey of Bakersfield will preside as master of ceremonies at the stadium program and Introduce the candidate. Music will be furnished by the high school band and G. O. P. leaders from all parts of Kern county will be present to hear the candidate speak. Many local business houses will permit employes to attend the public program and members of the junior and senior classes of the Bakersfield High School and of the Bakersfield Junior College will be excused from classes for the short speaking program. The public program will be broadcast over Radio Station KPMC. In the event of rain, the program scheduled for the stadium will be held In the Fox theater, according to Attorney Philip M. Wagy, chairman of the Kern county Republican central committee, who is assisting with arrangements. Members of Mr. Lake's committee Include Daniel J. Roche, James K. Thrasher and Harold Fox. Leaven at 10:30 Promptly at 10:30 a. m. the special train will leave from Bakersfield, and the entourage will travel north to Tulare where Governor Bricker will make a platform address from the train at noon. The Continued on Page Five F LASHES BLIMP CRASH KILLS THREE LOS ANGELES, Oct. 18. (UR>— Three crewmen were killed, two reported missing and five injured when a United States Navy blimp wandered off Its course in a fog and crashed into a hill near Avalon on Santa Catallna island, the navy announced today. GOVERNMENT PLANS MADE SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, A. E. F., PARIS, Oct. 18. (UPJ— The Allied command has completed a plan for the military government of Germany, providing the death penalty for partisan warfare by Germans and making a capital offense of any effort to interfere with the progress of Allied armies In the Reich, it was announced today. GUNNERS RAKE ROBOTS LONDON, Oct. 18. (Jf>— The east coast of England shook from spectacular explosions during the night as anti-aircraft gunners raked the path of incoming robot bombs and blew up a number of them in flight. It was the seventh consecutive night that southern England and the London area had come under attack by the robots. CHICAGO NEWS SOLD CHICAGO, Oct. 18. (UP)—Probate Judge John F. O'Connell today approved the gale of the controlling interests in the Chicago News to John 8. Knight, publisher of newspapers at Detroit, Akron, Ohio, and Miami. SPEAKS TONIGHT — Governor Thomas E. Dewey of New York, Republican presidential candidate, will speak from 6:30 to 7 p. m. today (Pacific War Time) from New York on "This Must Be the Last War." DEWEY IN N. Y. FOR POUCY TALK EXPECTED TO OUTLINE PEACE PARTICIPATION NEW YORK, Oct. 18. Iff)—Governor Thomas E. Dewey, Republican presidential nominee, said today "employment and opportunities for all Americans and the peace of the world for years to come can only be assured by fresh, new and competent administration of our government." Dewey made the statement in his suite at the Hotel Roosevelt as he greeted a committee of women headed by Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., which is taking an active part in his campaign. "Never were the results of the campaign so vital to the women of the country," Dewey said. "The women of America are, I am sure, aroused and I am delighted over this ever more active participation." The committee is arranging New York state's part in a "double the vote for Dewey day" on October 25. The governor was told that 500 listening parties have been arranged for the metropolitan area to hear his Chicago broadcast that night. Dewey, who came here to address the Herald-Tribune forum tonight, had no comment when asked whether he would accede to the request of Democratic state leaders of New York to extend the election day voting hours in view of the large registration. The New York governor, who has announced he will speak on the subject, "this must be the last war," has scheduled Informal conferences during the afternoon prior to his talk tonight. He will leave immediately thereafter for an overnight stop In Albany before taking his special train to Pittsburgh where he will speak Friday night. The Republican presidential nominee Is scheduled to receive at a ceremony in a hotel here this afternoon a jeweled pin of the Phi Mu Alpha Symphonia, national musical fraternity of which lie was a collegiate member. The jeweled pin will be presented by Professor Norvell L. Church, professor .of music at Columbia University. Speaking on the New York Herald- Tribune forum in a nation-wide broadcast (Blue) from 9:30 to 10 p. m., EWT, the Republican presidential nominee is expected to expand upon his party's platform declaration for "responsible participation" by the United States in a co-operative international organization to preserve future peace. Continued on Page Five 3rd, 5th Fleets Bag 905 Ships, 3080 Planes Manila, Clark Field, Legaspi Identified by Tokyo as Targets for Carrier-Plane Attacks; New Base for Invasion Secured UNITED STATES PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS, PEARL HARBOR, Oct. 18. UP)— Carrier planes swept northern Luzon Tuesday sinking or setting afire 7 ships and destroying 19 planes as a rccheck of Japanese losses in the Formosa raid of October 11 showed 37 additional ships and 68 small craft sunk or damaged there. Admiral Chester W. Nimilz, in a communique today, announced that a reassessment of Japanese plane losses, based upon still incomplete reports, showed 915 enemy airplanes were destroyed iu the Phillpplues-Formnsa- Okauaya area from October 9 to October 15. Nimitz ulso announced the occupation by United States ground forces of Nguln atoll in the western Carolines, 80 miles south of Yap and 210 miles east of Palau, October 15. There was only slight resistance at the tiny group of islands encircling a lagoon about 22 miles long and 15 miles wide. / Nimitz said In the October 11 Formosa raid, 21 more United States planes were lost with 31 pilots and 31 crewmen. The additional Japanese losses hitherto unreported, were 5 cargo ships and 34 small craft sunk, and 32 ships and 34 small craft probably sunk or damaged. In the Luzon raids of Tuesday 2 medium transports were sunk and 5 ships set afire and IS planes de stroyed aground and 1 shot down. Action Continues Action la continuing and further details will bo released as they become available. Destruction of 32 Japanase v< sels including 7 warships, by American submarines, was reported today by Navy Secretary Forrestal in Washington today. The secretary also announced that 905 enemy ships have been sunk or damaged by the Third and Fifth United States fleet in the last 4% months. Planes and antl aircraft guns of the Third and Fifth fleets since last June have destroyed 3080 Japanese planes, including 1827 shot out of the air and 1253 destroyed on the ground, he told a press conference. The latest bag of the American submarines, he reported, included 3 destroyers, 3 escort vessels, and a minelayer, in addition to 25 merchant vessels of various types. This raises to 956 the number of Japanese ships of all types sunk or damaged by American submarines since the war started. Of this number, 804 are listed as definitely sunk. Tokyo said Japanese army and navy circles were emphasizing the need to be "fully on guard" against an American invasion of the Philip pines despite fanciful earlier reports that American warships assigned the task of landing troops had been defeated and dispersed. Nimitz' south Pacific forces were revealed belatedly to have strengthened their hold on the eastern approaches to the Philippines with an unopposed landing last September 20 and 21 on Ulithi atoll, a coral- ringed island group 900 miles east of Mindanao and 400 miles northeast of America-occupied Peleliu in the southern Pulaus. Information Withheld "The possibility that the enemy may not have been immediately aware of these landings led to the Continued on Pace Flv» TOP SIERRAS SOUGHT F. D. R. Favors Different Sites for League Meetings WASHINGTON', Oct. 18. (UPJ— President Roosevelt appeared today to have administered a coup de grace to suggestions that the new world security organization return to Geneva and the multi-million dollar buildings of the old League of Nations for its permanent seat. He favors, Instead, that no permanent seat be selected; that the assembly and council of the new organization meet In a different city each year. Valuable for Delegates Mr. Roosevelt said late yesterday that such a procedure—the one followed by the Pan-American organization—would be valuable for the delegates who would get acquainted through travel with many parts of the world. He did not, but could have, mentioned that it also would eliminate a difficult dispute among nations if one of them was to be selected as a permanent site. Mr. Roosevelt remembers the difficulty in Paris in 1919 of getting agreement on Ge- neva because virtually every one of the other Allies wanted the league in its own capital. Mr. Roosevelt was asked whether he could yet discuss how much authority the American delegate on the world security council should have and whether he should return to Congress each time for authority to vote. Welcomes Discussion The President said ho welcomed a complete public discussion of this point, but pending such discussion, people should not be didactic. Then he continued with a long criticism of people and some newspapers, which he didn't name, but which he said were more interested in what kind of clothes the delegates would wear than in the broad objectives— to prevent future wars. The present plans for a world organization may not guarantee peace forever, he said, but he hoped they would guarantee it for as long as all those at his news conference were alive "WILD MAN" WANTED IN VETERAN'S SLAYING NEVADA CITY. Oct. 18. (UP)—A sheriff's posse today intensified an 11-month search for gun-tot Ing William Ebaugh, 37-year-old red-bearded "Paul Bunyan" of the Sierra foot* hills wanted for the murder October 15 of a south Pacific war veteran who apparently found his hideout. The body of Henry Lewis, 24-year> old ex-soldier who held the Bronz* Star and Purple Heart medals, was found Monday in a ditch near an abandoned mine tunnel with a .30 caliber bullet in his back. In the tunnel, believed to have been Ebaugh's refuge since deputlef began hunting him last November on a charge of cattle rustling, we* found a large stock of groceries and personal belongings. Sheriff Carl J. Tiblassen said. The sheriff said Lewis was killed by a rifle of the same caliber and type as one known to be in possession of the 275-pound bewhiskered "wild man." He w;ts acquitted five yean ago of a rape charge after allegedly holding a woman prisoner in his cabin for several days, repeatedly attacking her and dragging* her around the dwelling by her hair. On that occasion he was captured by a five-man posse after a brief search in the Mother Lode country 50 miles from here. A onetime inmate of a California state mental hospital, Ebaugh wears a silken beard down to his chest. He was described by deputies aa "more like a wild animal than a man" in his knowledge of the woods and ability to evade capture. British Take Over Scarpanto Island ROME, Oct. 18. (>— Two destroyers landed forces which toek over the Island of Scarpanto at dawn yesterday after the Greek population on the island had "contained" the enemy garrison there, Allied headquarters announced today. Located in the Dodecanese group, the mountainous island of Scarpanto is between Crete and Rhodes. The island is 30 miles long and has an extreme width of 8 miles. Approximately 8000 people live there. The British destroyers Terplschore and Cleveland were involved in the operation, curried out without opposition. The landing parties were given an enthusiastic welcome, a communique said. It was announced officially that German demolitions on the Greek mainland caused severe damage to the harbor installations at Piraeus, the port of Athens, but most of the utilities at the port are funcionlng. More Allied parachute troops have been dropped In the Athens area, the communique said, but there was nothing to indicate that any enemy opposition was met. Police Seek Filipino in Navy Wife's Death SAN FRANCISCO. Oct. 18. <U»— Police were searching today for a Filipino named "Frisco," known to have been a friend of Mrs. Acnes Aguon, 23-year-old navy wife and mother found strangled to death in the hall of her apartment house yesterday. Mrs. Sophia Kearns, with whom Mrs. Aguon left her 13-months-bld daughter, told police she did not know where the slain, woman spent her final evening. GETS NOBEL PRIZE By DnlM Pr«M Sir Alexander Flowing, discoverer of penicillin, has been awarded tM* year's Nobel Prise for medicine, th* Bern radio said today in a broadcast recorded by NBC y.

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