The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on October 17, 1944 · Page 16
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 16

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Tuesday, October 17,1944 CUtorial $age of Wfje iBalicrsficlb Californian ALFRED HARBELL • D1TOI AND FOILIIHM $*ta$field gbdiftf ntaa Entered In pott offlc* «t Bakenfleld, California, a« mcond claai mall under 1h« act of Congre«« March 3, 1879. MEMBER OP THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Tin Associated Pren t« exclusively entitled In the use for publication ot all new* dlapatchea credited to i» or not otherwise credited In this paper, and also th« local news published therein. Th« Balnratlcld California!) Is also a client of the United Press and receives Its complete wire service. REPRESENTATIVES West-Holiday Co., Inc. New York. Chicago, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Seattle, Portland. Denver WASHINGTON, D. C.. BUREAU Tbe Haakln Service, Washington, D. C. By carrier or mall (In advance) In postal zones one, two, three. per month. 86c; Nix months, 15.10; one year, $9.<">. By mnil In postal cones four to eight, per month, 11.05. THE ENCIRCLED ENEMY rr\HE progress of the war cmpliasi/cs the J. fact that there are a lot of bad guessers in the world. At or after the time hostilities began the Fascists in Spain, the division in Poland, the final opposition to Germany in Bulgaria and the early promise of a shift to the Allies and away from Hitler in Hungary, the position in which Finland now finds itself, all disclose that the thought entertained by some governing powers and who foresaw a victory for Germany was wholly in error. . No one now, not even Germany, mistake's the trend of affairs that is today apparent. Everywhere Germany is losing the war and there is no reason to believe that the successes achieved by the Allies will not be duplicated in the weeks and months that are to come. That has impressed the nations in question and some others us to their error and they seek now to change their attitude before it is too late to benefit them. Meantime the countries once occupied are being released from German control. If a stable French government ever finds support in France the opportunity for the population there to take full advantage of it is at hand. The people in Belgium and Holland areas are being liberated and the day is not far distant when German domination will have vanished in both Norway and Denmark. Athens is free, the Czechoslovakia!! patriots arc making daily gains and hundreds of centers of population in Russia arc again under control of Moscow. The encirclement of Germany continues unabated and the territory subject to Hitler rule is being materially reduced on every battle front. The situation today is again such as to emphasize the hope that the war will not continue long after the fateful year of 1944 has ended, and the guessers whose guesses were in error as to the victor will do well to guess again—and soon. NO NAME CALLING K B the purposes of this Presidential cam- jaign it is fair and permissible to discuss the important issues of today and those that may be developed in the future and to associate with those issues the views and expressions of the rival candidates for the office of Chief Executive. The people want to know about such issues, and they want to know the attitude thereon of the candidates. But they have no patience with name calling as it is being emphasized now in the contest. Among those who violate these precepts are Vice-President Wallace, Mr. Ickcs and Mrs. Clare Luce. The latter is quoted as saying that "Mr. Roosevelt lied us into war" and Mr. Wallace has declared that Candidate Dewey is "just a stooge" in the political battle now being waged. Based upon this and similar incidents, it would appear that the managements of the two political parties ought to provide themselves with some muzzles. Certainly what these people are saying not only does not influence electors with contrary opinions, but it actually detracts from the strength of the causes and candidates they champion. There is admittedly a broad field for legitimate debate in the contest that is now being waged. The electors as a nation seek enlightenment and they can get it if debaters find their inspiration in the facts to be presented rather than in name calling. Perhaps the rival organizations, themselves, can do something to check a practice which seems to be growing. It has been noted that the leaf distributors of scurrilous matter have been called in in some centers of population and it is within the facts that certain others have been admonished to restrain themselves when they feel the urge to continue their campaigns of abuse. There can be no objection to a dispassionate presentation of contrary views as to a given matter but orators and near orators should keep within the lines of decency in their public discussions. GREEK PARTISANS ANNOUNCEMENT of an Allied supreme com- f\ mand for the hitherto diverse Greek partisan forces in Greece should be welcomed generally, not only by the Greeks themselves, Jbllt by every one except Germany, for this move will result in the unification of hitherto Internecine factions. Two Greek partisan divisions, one of which was called the ELAS and the other the EAM, have been at political "outs" since their genesis in a general hatred of the Germans and their occupation of a Hellenic country. Neither Greek faction was willing to have the other assume control. The political differences of opinion resulted in obvious advantages to the Germans and of course difficulties for the patriotic Greeks. Through the unification of command, at the behest of the Allies, the Greek partisans will now number something more than 30,000 fighting men, many of them fairly well armed and now well led. It is estimated that there arc more than 20,000 Germans still in Greece, and their existence there will become increasingly miserable now that the Greek partisan command has been united. "V-3" A ; si (i(ii:s'n:i) weeks ago by The Californian, the German's secret weapon "V-3" is now described as a rocket projectile of huge size, or 14 tons at the takeoff. The remaining secret weapon of Germany, which the Reich may use as a last desperate military expedient, is poison gas—this is a prediction. The German's "V-3", which burns liquid air for its propelling charge, penetrates the upper atmosphere at an angle just short of 90 degrees. It is controlled to its destination by radio as the bomb starts its long fall toward earth. The "V-3" should not be confused with the "buzz-bomb," which was a small airplane, jet-propelled and loaded with an explosive war head just as a torpedo. The new "secret weapon" is GO feet long, 5 feet in diameter and burns alcohol for fuel and supplies its own oxygen for combustion at high altitudes. It is possible that the remains of one of these tremendous rockets were found in Sweden during experimental procedures in their development. It was so reported. VANDEGRIFT ON PEACE R DSKAIU.II in modern weapons of war, maintenance of effective armed strength in the army and support of n big, modern navy, are all corollaries of peace and security when this war is over, Lietitcnant-Gcneral Alexander A. Vandegrift of the marine corps said in an address to national educators. There must be no isolationism, nor return in part to this policy of international escapism, he said. Whether to ignore matters affecting American security beyond her borders, or to take action in maintaining peace, is a policy which may be determined by the educators. Public reaction to peace and future wars may be decided in a great measure by the men and women teaching school. "Your decisions may be easy in the months immediately following the war while the lessons of the war are still fresh upon your mind, but in the years to come when there will be others who have forgotten, you will be put to the test," the commander of the marines told his audience. Tke War Tod By W. U. HIGGINBOTHAM and EVERETT V1LANDER United Press Staff Correspondents LONDON, Oct. 17.—The greatest seaborne engineering feat in military history took place off the American and British beachheads in Normandy beginning five hours after the D-Day landings—the erecting of 7 miles of artificial harbors. Tiie harbors, containing nearly UUO.UUO tons of concrete and 00,000 tons of steel, were constructed in England and towed piece by piece across the channel. Stories of tills tremendous and almost inconceivable feat, which was credited largely with success of the invasion, were released by censorship Cor the first time today. The size of the task can be imagined as comparable to building the Mobile, Ala., harbor at New Orleans and then towing it into position. Moreover, these harbors \»ere built under the nose of the enemy. They were put to use for unloading seagoing vessels along lonely stretches of French beaches where little more than rowboats ever had discharged cargoes before. The British harbor worked fully but the American harbor, which was laid by Captain Augustus Clarke of the United States Navy, was hit by a heavy storm which bypassed the British one. The storm smashed tups of the concrete caissons, tumbled tons of steel as if they were playthings and turned months of work into a mess in a matter of hours Captain Clarke estimated later that the storm had*a II) per cent effect on the harbor. \Ve watched from Captain Clarke's submarine chase as the great concrete and steel structure was sunk into place by merican tugboat crews. The idea for the harbors was partly that of Prime Minister Winston Churchill, who helped work out the plans in 1941;. They involved building on partly charted shoals, ports where a minimum of 12,000 tons a day could be unloaded for at least UO days—more than the capacity of all French harbors which might be captured in that time. The services of 20,000 men were rec|uired to build the massive concrete and steel piers. The whole layout was towed over by tugboats by D-Day plus five and included 60 ships, ranging up to the ancient 25,500-ton British battleship Centurion, which were sunk deliberately in lines as block ships. By HAL BOYLE WITH AMERICAN TROOPS IN RIOLO1UM, Oct. 9 (Delayed). UP)— What do you think it is about the RANDOM NOTES Some of our readers can recall, perhaps, that 48 years ago, practically a half century, the number of votes polled in Kern County was 1200. We are reminded of that now when we note the registration reported by the. County Clerk and which comes close to the 60,000 mark. We have grown since then but that growth is not confined to population alone. The same old-timer who remembers the 1200 vote also remembers what the areas around Arvin and Edison and Shafter and Wasco and McFarland and Delano and other centers looked like in that day of old. Acres and acres of barren ground wtih nothing to indicate that those sections would develop as great food producincrs which contribute substantially to meet the needs of the population of our own land and those of other less favored countries. Whatever the line of comparison, the answer is growth, unbelievable growth. We have it in our own metropolitan area and in every rural section and in every considerable center throughout the county. And that isn't all. We know the changes that have come in a half century but we can only guess those that will come in a similar period in the future history of the county. » * » Mr. Ickes, holly, as usual, denies the statement that the West has been neglected of late years or perhaps since the time he has been Secretary of the Interior. And he proves it by listing the Friant Dam as one Federally constructed project that is being used "for irrigation or power or both." That will be news to the residents of the San Joaquin Valley. They, being almost within sight of the dam, know that no water has been impounded there for service this year nor for next year and for the very good reason that no canal has been built and no work has been done upon such construction although the money has been allocated for that purpose. The Secretary sadly errs when he declares to the contrary, as everybody except himself, perhaps, realizes. American Army that most impresses French, Belgian, Dutch and German civilian populations? It's not speed, mobility and power, nor the amount and variety of its equipment. What astounds them most is that the American troops actually get white bread to eat in the field. To these people, bread is literally the staff of life—the mainstay of every menu—and they regard it as nothing short of a miracle that combat troops can be served bread 'of such quality. They themselves have hud no such bread for five years and when a few occasionally get a chance to sample a slice they eat it as if it were cake. American fighting men get better bread than most of them got at home because the army quartermasters' mobile bakery outfits are within 6 to 10 miles of the front. They keep fresh loaves rolling out of the field ovens on a 24-hour dally schedule at the rate of 57G pounds every 25 minutes. That rate of production is maintained day in and day out by such outfits as that headed by Captain Walter C. liorget, 24, of 114 Wedg- wick Road, Syracuse, N. Y., who used to work in a produce warehouse in Kearny, N. J. "We were the first bakery outfit in France—we landed June 2!)—and we had the first bread out of our ovens by noon the day after we left the bivouac area," lie said. "And our outfit also was the first one organized in the last World War. "In the first 100 days in Europe we produced 2,000,000 pounds of bread —10 tons a day—and during thai time we had to dismantle our equipment and move to new locations seven times to keep up with the army." The freshly-baked bread is allowed to cool four to six hours to prevent mold and sogginess, then the loaves are sacked in (iO-pound lots and started to the front by truck. The bread reaches the mess pans of the soldiers not more than 36 hours after baking. Neither the captain nor his men have had any battle casualties because of the army policy of stationing them just beyond enemy artillery range. But they have campaign memories to repay them for the long hours of drudgery in excessive heat and choking flour dust. "When we rolled off the beaches the doughboys actually cheered us— because they knew we soon would have that while bread on the way to them," said Ilerget. "It is pretty rare for frontline infantry troops to cheer a quartermaster's unit. We will never forget it. It meant everything to our morale to know how they felt about our work." From the Files of The Californian 10 YEARS AGO (The C'ulifornlan, this date, 1934) Headline Hauptmann to Be Tried on Charge of Murdering Lindy Baby; Handwriting of Suspect Leads to Detection and Surrender. A fashion show of Weill'a store presented at Fox theater last evening will be repeated tonight in connection with the feature picture, "The Richest Girl in the World." Bakersfield Community Theater roster now has 168 names and the first play of the season, "Another Language," is In rehearsal. Minis^M-ial Onion of Taft has gone on record against Upton Sinclair and favoring Merriam for the post of governor. Mayor J. R. Gist has called upon the residents of Bakersfield to improve their dwellings in the "Better Housing" drive just launched. O ©ll ywoo wmn -(By EKSKIXE JOHNSON') Kt-A Service Staff Correspondent Glamor has gone to war on the back lot ul the M. G. M. studio, with "Privates" Luna Turner, Laraine Day, Susan Peters and 50 chorus girls reporting for training every morning as WACs in the sweater-less, male-less movie "Women's Army." Private Day admitted it was all a little embarrassing. Site's the gal who said she saw too many brass hats and not enough G. I.s on an army camp tour. Miss Day plays a brass hat-loving general's daughter in the picture. "I wonder," she said with a worried look, "what the G. I.s will think." Privates Turner and Peters, driving a G. I. truck with the words "Wolf Trap" painted on the back, said they were having fun. But they had their worries. The WAG uniforms hide some of their highly publicized charms. WACs are issued 90 pieces of clothing, including an off- duty sweater, but Lana never gets a chance to wear the swealer. Neither do the other gals. Miss Turner didn't say anything about it, but her VVAC training in the film may be useful if ex-hubby Steve Crane and current boy friend Turban Bey decide to slug it out again. WACs are trained to cope with emergencies. Director Edward Buzzell was mighty grateful for the 50 M. G. M. chorus girls. There's a lol of close order drill in the picture. "We called up the studio dance director," Eddie said, "and ordered 50 dancers. They learned all the routines in half an hour. We've got the most beautiful company of WACs in America. "We show the gals enlisting, going through officers' training school and then going overseas." The girls don bathing suits for on sequence in which the trainees go swimming in a lake. They shot it on M. G. M.'s back lot, which is between two army air fields. The army got wind of it and Director Buzzell had low-flying P-3Ss and bombers in his hair all day. With so many planes in the movie- land skies these days, directors on outdoor sets now have front office orders to "keep shooting." Dialog drowned out by plane noise is re- dubbed on a sound stage. Halting production and waiting for the all clear signal was costly. But getting back to this sweater- less, male-less movie "Women's Army," Director Buzzell said he had the doggonedest bedroom scene in Hollywood history. Twenty-five WACs going to bed. But it was just a pain in the neck for Assistant Director Charley O'Malley. 20 YEARS AGO (The California!!, this date, 1S24) A harried hen hopped into an auto seat and laid an egg. The automobile was parked on I street at Twentieth. This episode answers the famous question, "Why did the chicken cross the road?" A sweet-toothed thief last night entered the home of J. H Sutherland and stole a sack of sugar. Sheriff's office i-eceived reports today that $30 has been stolen from Lebec restaurant. Deputy Sheriff C. E. "Pop" Gutchell brought in an alleged bad check man whom he, Oetchell, had apprehended as he had sauntered down the street. Meanwhile fellow deputies and police officers were scouring the countryside for the man, who was wanted in San Luis Obispo. 30 YEARS AGO (The Calilornlun, this date. 1914) Headlines: British Sink Four German Destroyers; Fierce Battle Wages Within 100 Miles of London; Cruiser, Undaunted by Torpedo Boats, Avenges the Hawke's Disaster Yesterday. Members of First Methodist Church entertained at a reception welcoming the Reverend and Mrs. Wentworth and family back for their second year's residence in Bakersfield. "ISismark," an ostrich at the Tracy ranch, will battle with Mr. Tracy on his trained horse, "Pinto." at the picnic a week from tomorrow at Biittonwillow. Under an armed guard of six men, $2,BOO,000 of United States government money was carried through Bakersfield by the Tourist Flyer of the Santa Fe yesterday. The coin was brought to San Francisco on the liner "Mongolia," Tuesday. N ews -(By PAUL MALLON)- AVASHINGTON, Oct. 17.—Good old Dan Tobin's gentlemen of the teamsters union are presumed to have become so efflugent at the opportunity of becoming the first audience to be addressed by Mr. Roosevelt in opening his campaign in the usual partisan sense that they beat up a couple of naval officers who had Straggled into the Statler hotel here after the speech. The officers were looking for a dunce to which they had been invited, the beating being administered because they did not have politics on their minds and declined to answer courteously the inquiries of the teamsters as to whether, as navy men, they intended to vote for Roosevelt. That is the way it has been presented to the public, and left, but that is not the way it happened. The teamsters did not assemble here for union business purposes of their own. Nor did they come voluntarily to cheer Mr. Roosevelt. They were ordered to Washington by Mr. Tobin for the special and sole purpose of becoming a background for the President's "first" partisan effort. Many of them were drafted all the way across the country by their union boss, and did not like it. Aside from the tribulations of travel these days, a few of the coast unions actually did not have the cash in the till to make the trip and sold government bonds from their treasuries to get the funds together. These especially did not care for the honor. They cheered, as required, but the way they talked when they returned home, (my information conies from union sources) indicates not only that 1'Affaire Tobine was less of the gala political festival than advertised, but that there is dark partisan unrest within the union labor crowd that has been assumed to be wholeheartedly for Roosevelt. The best possible nonpartlsan authority recently has made a check of inner union campaign trends and re- tUrned here with doubts that put even California and Washington in unsure categories. Mr. Roosevelt is holding a good portion of the C. I. O. satisfactorily, but the A. F. of L. is pretty well split. To hold the coaat he must keep the A. F. of L. The diverging elements are not running off haphazardly but are moving deliberately and solely on the question of what is best for their» particular unions The Hillman leadership is distinctly unpopular among all A. F. of L. people, even those unioneers^ who intend to vote for Mr. R. They foresee Hillman and his associate gathering from a Roosevelt victory increasing power over all the labor movement, possibly absorbing if if he can muster the power. The old Gompers political leadership was unquestionably the wisest union labor has enjoyed in all,its history in this country. His counsel was to make both Republicans and Democrats equally amenable to labor influence. He refused to endorse fully even such a purely labor third party attempt as the elder late Senator LaFollette made in 1924. The wisdom of this course lay in the odds that sooner or later, by strictly partisan political alignments, labor would one day suffer political defeat and do its major interest irreparable damage. Even as far as matters have gone in this campaign, it is evident that A. F. of L. will have Washington backing to assume leadership in labor to the detriment of C. I. O., if Dewey wins. Personally I do not fully accept yet the evidence that the strongest class support Mr. Roosevelt enjoys, is critically breaking up, but certainly the evidence is sufficient to warn of the possibilities of a November 7 surprise. (World copyright, 1044. by King Fealures Syndicate, Inc. All ritthtg reserved. Reproduction In full or In part strictly prohibited.) .ing ion -(By PETER E1JSON)- Charley walked on the set and moaned tha| the girls looked too beautiful. He ordered some of them to put curlers in their hair and others to smear cold cream on their faces. "How do you know how 25 women look when they go to bed" chided Buzzell over the loud speaker. Charley blushed and stammered, "Well, I was raised with five sisters." Laraine portrays a general's daughter who enlists in the WACs to carry on family tradition. Lana is a spoiled heiress who joins up to get rid of a six-year hangover, and Susan plays the wife of a tank commander who is killed in the south Pacific. Copyright. 1044, NBA Service, Inc. SO THEY SAY The soldier of World War I was betrayed by the selfishness of his day that masqueraded under the banner of normalcy. The soldiers of World War II will be similarly betrayed unless religious forces of the nation rise and co-operate in establishing world law and order based upon economic justice.—Methodist Bishop G Bromley Oxman of New York. After this war there will be no vital forces left in Europe but Christianity and Soviet Russia. We must make an intelligent and persistent effort to work out European problems with Russia in a way that will bo mutually satisfactory.—Dr. George N. Schuster, president Hunter College. Our chances of preventing another world war will be in direct proportion to the extent to which we establish real international law with sufficient government at the world level to enforce it.—Senator Joseph II. Ball (R-Minn.). FORTY YEARS AGO (TliH California!!, this date. 11104) Special Agent Gilroy of the Santa Fe reports that a freight car was robbed in passing through Bakersfield. Miss Bora Purcell and Fayrel Chappel were married by the Reverend J. W. Horn Sunday. Lady Macabees will hold a masked ball in Kaar's hall October 25. Doctor Schaffer and Jack Bennett have returned from an outing in the high Sierra, where they killed six bears. Born to Mr. and Mrs. Charles White. October 14, a son. A special train will be run from Bakersfield to McKittrick and will stop at Biittonwillow for a big Democratic rally Saturday night. Speakers will include Thomas Scott. Rowen Irwin, E. J. Emmons, J. W. P. Laird, Ben L. Brundage and A. D. Bigler. FIFTY YEARS AGO (The Californian, this date. 1894) Dinkelspiel Brothers' store is full of bargains, which prospective purchasers should investigate. After November 1, the general office of Tolfree's system of eating houses is to be moved to Kern from Mojave. Florence Elwood, 9-year-old daughter of John Elwood, broke her right arm above the elbow when a cart fell on it. A sociable will be given by members of Congregational Church Wednesday night at the apartment of Mrs. Perry above Walter's drug store. Richmond, Va., has passed an ordinance that young men should not talk to young women on the street. ujestioiis ancl A nswers -(By THE HASKIN SERVICE)Q. Are the Talking Book records the same as those used on ordinary phonographs'.'—E. 1. F. A. They resemble the ordinary records except that they are thinner and much more flexible. The sound grooves run very close together and each side, will read aloud for 15 or 16 minutes. A special electric reading machine similar to a portable phonograph is designed to play the records. Q. What do the letters S. C. U. mean in a soldier's address?—V. S. U. A. The initials stand for service command unit, a unit within a service command which supplies services for the entire organization. It supplies transportation, communications, evacuation, maintenance, construction, and other services for units. Q. Has Canterbury Cathedral suffered serious damage in the current war?—N. T. B. A. Damage has not been severe. However, some_ authorities are concerned lest blast damage has treat- ened its life expectancy. Q. In normal times how much Aid it coat to operate a private plane?— T. S. E. A. Before the war, direct flying costs for small private planes were estimated at $1.80 an hour; fixed overhead costs at $840 a year. Q. From what part of Africa did most of the American Negroes come? —K. C. W. A. From the available records, it seems that Negroes were brought to America from various parts of Africa, and particularly from the region lying between the Gambia and Niger rivers. Some authorities maintain that most of them came from the west African subregion of the Congo area, and the northwestern portion of the Congo itself. Q. Wha are the largest and smallest mammals?—F. E. V. A. Mammals range In size from the whale at one extreme to the shrew at the other. The pigmy shrew is only about three inches long. Q. Is the word species singular or plural?—P. E. M. A. When used In science the word species is both singular and plural. The singular form, specie, refers to hard money. Q. What is the most Important book of poetry In the English language?—K. E. R. A. The First Folio of Shtike- peare's Works, published in 1B23 is so considered. Sizable cuts in the number of federal employes—now variously estimated as 2,938,000 by the Civil Service Commission and an all-time high of 3,113,000 by Senator Byrd's economy committee—are expected to be announced soon by the Bureau of ths^ Budget. The cuts may come before election, but the real impetus behind them will be a couple of other factors: first, the federal employes' overtime pay act which requires every government agency to review its personnel requirements every three months; second, President Roosevelt's mid-September directive to Budget Director Harold D. Smith, ordering him to make immediate plans for liquidating wartime agencies and reducing others to peacetime levels when the war Is ended. On receipt of that order, Smith instructed all federal agencies to make reports within 30 days on how personnel might be reduced, and these reports are now coming in and being reviewed by Budget Bureau examiners. Concurrently, every government department receiving a congressional appropriation is now bringing in its estimates on funds required in the next fiscal year beginning July 1, 1945. These are the estimates that will be reported in the annual budget message next January, and they are being prepared now to meet three possible situations, assuming continuation of the war throughout the year, end of the war in Europe, end of the war in Japan. All this reviewing of programs should give the government a good look at its hand to see what kind of a general reorganization can be effected when the war is over. Regardless of who gets elected In November, this thorough overhauling of government agencies should have top priority for the new administration. At present the authority to reorganize the government rests largely in the hands of the President who, since 1939, has put through two broad reorganizations and numerous shifts in the war agencies. On Capitol Hill, however, there has been increasing agitation for a reorganization of the executive branch of the government by Congress, and seme- thing like this may happen in the next four years. There have been all kinds of suggestions as to how the govenrment should be reorganized, and no two people familiar with Washington can agree on what should be done with any given agency. As a first step in trying to pull all the conflicting proposals together, the Citizens' National Committee, a privately financed research and analysis group, has just issued a summary of all the official and unofficial suggestions that have been made for the abolishment of war and non-war agencies, and for regrouping or changing of status of the agencies which most authorities would be willing to leave in the executive set-up. In all, it lists 120 government agencies which have been nominated for abolishment or transfer of functions. This list is only the first part of the research job which the Citizens' National Committee hopes to do in presenting information for public discussion on this whole question of government reorganization. To be issued soon is a research study on all the federal agencies, listing for the first time some 400 government departments, bureaus, offices and corporations, together with their authorization, budget functions and number of employes. With their sub-agencies and interdepartmental committees, the list of organizations will number over 600. On some of the organizations, the committee will admit its inability to discover complete information. All of which gives some idea of how much room there is for reorganization and reduction of federal personnel. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY As the Lord commanded Moses Iris servant, so did Moses command Joshua, and so did Joshua; he left nothing undone of all that the Lord commanded Moses. — Joshua 11:15* * • » I find the doing of the will of God leaves me no time for disputing about His plans.—George Mac* Donald. 1 lie Jtveaclers* Jroint of V iew A rvailer e«n net the answer to anv question at It t Ly wrllliiK The llakersfield L'alllurnUn Inrormntlun llureau. "16 Kyc Street, N. K.. Washington. 2 U. C. I'lenso tnrltue Ihrwt (3) cent* for r«p'- WILSON AGAIN Editor The Californian: Zanuck was not risking much financially in producing "Wilson." As a piece of propaganda distributed in all services areas it will be well paid for out of our liberty bond purchases, besides reaping a harvest out of the "indoctrinated" at home. I heard most of the debate in the Senate on the pence terms with Germany and the League of Nations. The debate was prolonged for months in order to enable senators of either faction to hear from their constituencies. Democrats and Republicans alike were bewildered, some Democrats flabbergasted, by the hybrid document. Now, who was the "villain" of the tragedy or mischief-maker of the force? Lodge of Massachusetts, scholar and historian, Defender of American industry against British isles, Intrigue and political pressure at home here and abroad. When Cleveland's tariff "reforms" (in the interest of the maritime port of New York) killed a host of Industries, brought on eventually the 18921893 depression and forced the surviving industries into combines, Lodge, fought with tooth and nail to expel British influence from the White House and halls of Congress. Could the miracle of our armament program have succeeded if England and Belgium had been able to kill our steel production? Wilson tried the same program and brought on another depression which was relieved only by war orders from Europe. F. D. R. spoke bravely with clenched fist at John Bricker's capital city (I was there, too) In his Allce-in- Wonderland speech against the Smoot-Hawley tariff. He hasn't dared touch it except by Hulls feeble exchanges with such states as San Marino, -Wonte Carlo, Andorra and Iceland. Instead of periodically pulling up our economic system by the roots, let Democrats learn to leave it alone to establish stability behind a pVotectlve wall and let free enterprise and competition flatten out monopolies and other acknowledged evils of artificial economy. On 'Rooseveltian promise the envisaged industries of the west coast will be vastly developed by opening its ports to cheap products of cheap iabor from all over the world. Let s begin by removing the tariff on lemons. PROPTER DEXTERITEM. HOW WILL WOMEN VOTE? Editor The Californiun: We are remembering the long years of depression, suicides and bank failures, foreclosures, unemployment and adults and children eating from garbage cans, homeless families tramping highways, living in "Hoover-town" camps. And youngsters, hungry, dirty, disillusioned, hitch-hiking across states, riding in box-cars, looking for work. Nice kids, high school and college graduates, some of them. I've fed and housed them overnight. Yeserday's children, some sleeping under foreign sod, some in watery graves, others crouching in foxholes, wading through swamps and mud to battle—beaches, flying planes protectively swarming overhead. That boy of mine, in England, his younger brother In France, my eldest son, guiding his supply ship into far-off ports, and all servicemen and women—shall they return, with dreams of a better tomorrow , to peddle doughnuts, as in those "good old days" of Republican rule? We have listened to promises and criticisms, have heard "crackpot!" "foreigner!" and "Communist!" hurled at New Deal supporters and members of labor organizations. We* know that in our Democracy is blended the blood of many races, that tolerance, understanding and statesmanship are not acquired overnight. Hence, in this.serious emergency, despite objections and prejudice against "fourth terms," wives and mothers of men will vote the Democratic party ticket—to re-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt! MARGUERITE R. RAINEY. 819 Eye street- HOMES FOR CHILDREN Editor The Californian: The majority of people in our city are trying their utmost to help in the war effort in every way possible. But ... I would like to call attention to the people owning homes to rent and the housing of our war workers. No—not all—but far too many, object to children. Regardless of how, essential the work is to the war effort, the parents are doing, these few continue refusing to rent to families. Are we not today in war so that our children may grow into, men and women capable of building a new world in which to live? If so, and I believe we are, how are we to keep on with defense work, if we are unable to rent a home due to our children. Some may consider it a sacrifice to rent their houses to families, but I'm ,sure the boys overseas are enduring far greater sacrifices. If our essential defense workers were to quit their jobs due to lack of housing facilities and we were to lose this war, may I ask these owners of rent houses this question: What good would your property be to you then? "A PARENT." MORE ON DOGS Editor The Californian: "Here's one for dog lovers." You say we need a human society* in Bakersfield? We working mothers need a day nursery where we can leave our babies at a nominal fee. We know that it would not be dif-* ficult to find an experienced person with a child's interest at heart to fill the head of a day nursery. We are speaking for the mothers in East Bakersfield. We love our children enough to protect them to the best of our ability. If dog lovers love their dogs, that is a matter of personal opinion and should act accordingly. We have a dog, we keep him in our back yard where he be- longs and we "like" him. We feel that our children should have first consideration, but of course only a mother would understand. MARIE- YOUNG, BETTY MULLENEAUX \

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